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The Art of Learning Togeather

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  • 1. Communities of Practice… Benefits to AADE’s SPGs & Chapters? Leadership Development Series AADE Annual Meeting -- Los Angeles, CA August 8, 2006 Nancy D’Hondt RPh, CDE Margie Lawlor, MS, CDE
  • 2. “ Communities of Practice” … A peer-driven approach connecting people and knowledge through meaningful conversations of what works in practice.
  • 3. A Theoretical Model
    • A learning theory conceptualized by Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger proposing the idea that
      • Learning is social and comes largely from our experience of participating in daily life
      • A process of engagement in a 'community of practice'. 
  • 4. According to Wenger… CoP defines itself along 3 dimensions:
    • What it is about
      • Joint enterprise as understood and continually renegotiated by its members.
    • How it functions
      • Mutual engagement that bind members together
    • What capability it has produced
      • Shared repertoire of communal resources (routines, artefacts, vocabulary, styles, etc.) developed over time
      • ( http://www.infed.org/biblio/communities_of_practice.htm )
  • 5. Communities of Practice (CoPs)
    • Groups of people who share a passion for something they do, and learn how to do it better as they interact with other members of the community
    • Develop a shared collection of resources to support work in a specific field
  • 6. 3 Elements
    • The domain
    • The community
    • The Practice
    Domain Community Practice
  • 7. Domain (Defines the issues)
    • Members have …
      • Identity defined by a shared area of interest
      • Commitment to domain
      • Shared competence
  • 8. Community (People who care about the domain)
    • Members…
      • Participate in joint activities & discussions
      • Help each other
      • Share information
      • Build relationships so that hey learn from each other
  • 9. Practice (Shared ideas, tools, info., goals)
    • Members are …
      • Practitioners
        • Develop a shared repertoire of resources
          • Experiences
          • Stories
          • Tools
          • Ways of addressing recurring problems
  • 10. Key Features of CoPs
    • Communication: Managed by making connections
    • Shared Domain of Practice, knowledge and resources
    • Focus on value, mutual exchange and learning
    • Crosses operational, functional and organizational boundaries
    • Defined by people, not tasks
  • 11. What CoPs Do
    • Facilitate collaboration/communication
    • Develop/Identify Subject Matter Experts
    • Filter out incorrect information by peer groups
    • Capture knowledge (intellectual capital)
    • Prevent re-inventing the wheel by sharing knowledge and experiences
    • Share successful (best) practices
    • Decrease learning curve
    • Increase organizational learning
  • 12. Benefits of a CoPs
    • Access to knowledge and experience
    • Build relationships with those who have expertise in a particular domain
    • Develop best practices through discussions and sharing of ideas
    • Learn how others have solved problems, instead of reinventing the wheel
    • Keep up-to-date at the time and pace of the individual member
    • Develop a community spirit.
  • 13.  
  • 14. Growing CoPs
    • “… you cannot force a plant to grow by pulling its leaves…
    • what you can do is create the infrastructure in which it can prosper.”
    • - Etienne Wenger, 1999
  • 15. AADE & Communities of Practice What Would a CoP Offer to AADE SPGs & Chapters?
  • 16. AADE Chapters SPGs
  • 17. Organizational Benefits
    • Increased Productivity & Performance
      • Through enhanced professional relationships and trusted knowledge.
    • Stronger Organizational Communication
      • The creation of a sharing environment between trusted peers facilitates
        • stronger organizational communication,
        • increased organizational use of best practices, contributing to stronger overall excellence & professionalism.
  • 18. Organizational Benefits
    • Intellectual property of experts
      • within AADE will enable our leadership to have information to efficiently make critical decisions and respond quickly
    • Stability
      • Communities of practice foster knowledge generation and professional development contributing to stability within the organization
  • 19. Organizational Benefits
    • Knowledge ecology
      • Broaden & enrich the knowledge domain.
      • Build the intellectual capital of AADE and decrease the learning curve of members…Advance the profession!
    • Leadership development
      • Community councils will prepare future leaders.
    • Advance strategic goals
      • All these organizational benefits will serve to advance AADE’s Strategic Plan
  • 20. Learning Curve Leveraging New Knowledge Normal Learning Curve - - - - - L E A R N I N G - - - - - - - - - - T I M E - - - - - - - Improving the Way We Learn
  • 21.  
  • 22. What will the CoP provide to AADE SPGs & Chapters?
    • Focus -- passion for quality
    • Trusted environment
    • Member connection through conversation
    • Innovation and creativity
    • Committment to the profession & organization
    • Capability to share horizontally and/or vertically across the organization
    Knowledge is social… Relationships power communities and enable knowledge transfer
  • 23. What Value Does a CoP Offer to AADE SPGs & Chapters?
    • Connections
      • Membership reaches across the Organization
      • Former, future and current members
      • “ Others” who provide value and knowledge to the community
    • Content
      • Resource for useful, “practice” knowledge
      • Provided in context
      • Rich conversation and knowledge transfer
  • 24. What Value (con’t)
    • Community
      • Professional focus with a positive voice
      • Trust and sense of community
      • Familiar and “friendly” face
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27. Barriers
    • SPG’s may feel threatened—especially large or strong groups
    • Individuality lost
    • Financials
    • Lack of buy-in from stakeholders
    • “ Tweeners”—may be important to more than one community
  • 28. Body of Knowledge Experiences Templates Insights Tools Best Practices Share Problems
  • 29.  
  • 30. SPG & Chapter Hurdles
    • Geography
    • Leadership
    • Consistency
    • Time
    • Work groups
    • Communication
  • 31. Summary
    • Communities are the people end of the knowledge spectrum
    • Utilize the untapped potential to enrich education and learning
    • Knowledge is social…Relationships power communities and enable knowledge transfer
  • 32.  
  • 33. COP : CPC & SPG Applications
    • How would you align the Communities of Practice?
      • Setting?
      • Discipline?
      • Geography?
      • … ?
    • Chapters: Can you visualize the Chapter Community of Practice model?
      • CPC? AADE?
      • Other Chapters
      • Other?
    • SPGs: How do you visualize the leadership model within the “SPG” communities of practice? What does the SPG look like –
      • Council? Officers?
      • # of members?
      • Etc….