There is no universally agreed definition of
youth and adolescents. Therefore, each agency
such as UNFPA, UN General Assembly, WHO
and the International Planned Parenthood
Federation (IPPF) have their own definitions.
The age groups of youth and adolescents
overlap and there is no concrete beginning or
WHO defines adolescence as the second
decade of life, the period between the age of 10
to 19. However it must be emphasized that
adolescence is the phase, rather than a fixed
time period in an individual's life.
Researches show that most adolescent become
sexually active before they reach 20 years.
-about 16 million adolescence give birth every
year most in low-middle income countries.
-an estimated 3 million girls aged 15-19 undergo
-in low-and middle income countries
,complications from pregnancy and childbirth
a leading course of death among girls ages 15-
-infants of adolescent mothers are more likely
are more likely to have low birth weight.
Early marriages mostly influenced by culture
Sexual behaviors by adolescents
Drug and alcohol abuse
Lack of information
The impacts of adolescent Pregnancy can be on
both the mother and baby
Also they can be psychosocial and medical
Drop out of school
be unemployed or underemployed
STDs & HIV/AIDS infections
complication during birth which may lead to
obstetric fistula (i.e. tear in the birth canal
which creates leakage of urine.)
May grow up without a father
Available multi media sources like Wise Up
campaigns, help lines e.g. YOCA
Youth friendly services should go mobile for
those in remote areas.
all forms of media should be utilized fully to
As part of the preventative measures we came
with a campaign called BW Adolescents INFO
This is done through social media as means of
reaching as many youth as possible.
This aims at providing information and sharing
ideas on issues of adolescent pregnancy.
So far we have a facebook page; BW
Adolescents INFO HUB
We also shared our presentation on
From various research done, adolescent pregnancy is a
problem that the world is facing. Many girls who
become pregnant have to leave school. This has long-
term implications for them as individuals, their
families and their communities
With the current era of the HIV epidemic, adolescent
pregnant poses a threat to the future of countries hard
hit. As many of their youth are at risk of contacting
Services that aim at preventing adolescent pregnancy
needs to be intensified and made accessible to youth.
Education should also be intensified and also be
translated I various languages to cater for different
tribes in the country.
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