Sybex mcts, windows server 2008 applications infrastructure configuration study guide (2008)

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Sybex mcts, windows server 2008 applications infrastructure configuration study guide (2008)

  1. 1. MCTS Windows Server® 2008 Applications Infrastructure Configuration Study Guide Joel Stidley Wiley Publishing, Inc. 61705ffirs.indd 3 6/28/08 9:54:24 AM
  2. 2. MCTS Windows Server® 2008 Applications Infrastructure Configuration Study Guide 61705ffirs.indd 1 6/28/08 9:54:23 AM
  3. 3. 61705ffirs.indd 2 6/28/08 9:54:23 AM
  4. 4. MCTS Windows Server® 2008 Applications Infrastructure Configuration Study Guide Joel Stidley Wiley Publishing, Inc. 61705ffirs.indd 3 6/28/08 9:54:24 AM
  5. 5. Acquisitions Editor: Jeff Kellum Development Editor: Denise Santoro Lincoln Technical Editor: Pawan K. Bhardwaj Production Editor: Christine O’Connor Copy Editor: Judy Flynn Production Manager: Tim Tate Vice President and Executive Group Publisher: Richard Swadley Vice President and Executive Publisher: Joseph B. Wikert Vice President and Publisher: Neil Edde Project Coordinator, Cover: Lynsey Stanford Media Project Supervisor: Jenny Swisher Media Development Specialist: Josh Frank Media Quality Assurance: Angie Denny Book Designer: Judy Fung and Bill Gibson Compositor: Craig Woods, Happenstance Type-O-Rama Proofreader: Scott Klemp, Word One and Larry West Indexer: Jack Lewis Cover Designer: Ryan Sneed Copyright © 2008 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published simultaneously in Canada ISBN: 978-0-470-26170-5 No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Legal Department, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 Crosspoint Blvd., Indianapolis, IN 46256, (317) 572-3447, fax (317) 572-4355, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising herefrom. The fact that an organization or Website is referred to in this work as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Website may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Websites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read. For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at (800) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Stidley, Joel, 1976MCTS : Windows server 2008 applications infrastructure configuration study guide (Exam 70-643) / Joel Stidley.—1st ed. p. cm. ISBN 978-0-470-26170-5 (paper/cd-rom) 1. Electronic data processing personnel—Certification. 2. Microsoft software—Examinations—Study guides. 3. Microsoft Windows server. I. Title. QA76.3.S749827 2008 005.4'476—dc22 2008026322 TRADEMARKS: Wiley, the Wiley logo, and the Sybex logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates, in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. Windows Server is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/ or other countries. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 61705ffirs.indd 4 6/28/08 9:54:24 AM
  6. 6. Dear Reader, Thank you for choosing MCTS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure Configuration Study Guide. This book is part of a family of premium quality Sybex books, all written by outstanding authors who combine practical experience with a gift for teaching. Sybex was founded in 1976. More than thirty years later, we’re still committed to producing consistently exceptional books. With each of our titles we’re working hard to set a new standard for the industry. From the paper we print on, to the authors we work with, our goal is to bring you the best books available. I hope you see all that reflected in these pages. I’d be very interested to hear your comments and get your feedback on how we’re doing. Feel free to let me know what you think about this or any other Sybex book by sending me an email at nedde@wiley.com, or if you think you’ve found a technical error in this book, please visit http://sybex.custhelp.com. Customer feedback is critical to our efforts at Sybex. 61705ffirs.indd 5 Best regards, Neil Edde Vice President and Publisher Sybex, an Imprint of Wiley 6/28/08 9:54:25 AM
  7. 7. To my patient and lovely wife, Andrea, and children, Ethan and Jaelyn, who have learned to put up with me, and to my parents, Paul and Gayle, who fostered my love for computers ever since they were told my handwriting would never get any better. 61705ffirs.indd 6 6/28/08 9:54:25 AM
  8. 8. Acknowledgments It took a lot of hard work and patience to complete this book, as it does all publications. Thanks to Jeff Kellum and Denise Santoro Lincoln for being patient and considerate despite the scheduling setbacks and for retraining me on the format changes. Also, the production team of Christine O’Connor and Judy Flynn were top-notch and a joy to work with. They did an impeccable job making sure we were not just technically sound but also grammatically correct! Thanks to Rawlinson Rivera for helping get this book going and for recommending me for this project. I hope you are feeling better and look forward to our next project! One of our pinch hitters was Jabez Gan Ming Teik, who really came through by getting a chapter reworked after a change in objectives on the Microsoft exam. This book was a bit of a test for me and caused me to have to rely on a number of colleagues for a little help with developing the content. Without Erik Gustafson, Mike Hodson, and Siegfried Jagott, this book would not have been possible. Last, I’d like to thank both the Monster Beverage Company and Hearthroast for fueling the late-night writing sessions with Lo-Carb Monster and home-roasted coffee. 61705ffirs.indd 7 6/28/08 9:54:25 AM
  9. 9. About the Author Joel Stidley has been working in the IT field for over 12 years and has been a computer fanatic for much longer. He obtained his first Microsoft certification in 1999 and is currently both an MCSE and MCTS. At the beginning of his IT career, he was supporting MS-DOS and Windows for Workgroups clients on a Novell NetWare network at a small manufacturing company. Shortly thereafter, he discovered the joys of Windows NT Server and led the charge in converting that company from a Novell NetWare directory to a Windows NT domain. He also convinced the company’s engineering department to switch from the SunOS-based workstations to new Windows NT 4.0 Workstation machines. Joel has since taken on numerous other projects, from a number of Active Directory and Exchange Server migrations to deploying large-scale virtualization environments. In 2004, Joel founded ExchangeExchange.com, a Microsoft Exchange–focused community website where he blogs and provides forums for discussing Exchange, PowerShell, certification, and general Windows information. In the last few years, he has also contributed to MCITP: Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Messaging Design and Deployment Study Guide: Exams 70-237 and 70-238 (Sybex, 2008) and was lead author on Professional PowerShell for Exchange Server 2007 SP1 (Wrox, 2008). Currently he is a solutions architect at Terremark Worldwide Inc. where he works with a variety of directory, storage, virtualization, and messaging technologies. He currently lives in the Dallas area with his wife and two children. About the Contributors Erik R. Gustafson is a 7-year veteran of the IT consulting and IT support business. He started working professionally with Microsoft products while running a successful signage business in 1995, and after selling the business a few years later, he refocused his career on providing IT services. He obtained his first Microsoft certification in 2002 and is currently an MCSE and an MCSA. The last few years he has spent helping grow an IT consulting business and setting up an IT outsourcing MSP from the ground up. He recently relocated to the Dallas area and now works as a solutions architect for Terremark Worldwide Inc. When not shooting womp rats back home, Erik enjoys drinking piña coladas and getting caught in the rain. Mike Hodson has a bachelor of science in mathematics from Texas Woman’s University and has worked in the IT industry for more than 11 years, receiving his first Microsoft certification in 1998. He has been working with desktop virtualization for more than 6 years and recently has been deeply involved with server virtualization projects. Mike is currently the team lead in the group responsible for storage networking and virtualization at Terremark Worldwide Inc. in Dallas, Texas. 61705ffirs.indd 8 6/28/08 9:54:25 AM
  10. 10. About the Author ix Siegfried Jagott works as a senior systems architect and team lead for the Messaging and Collaboration team at Siemens IT Solutions located in Munich, Germany. He is part of the Siemens-central architecture team that works closely together with Microsoft to plan future enhancements of not only Windows and Exchange but also other products. For the past 10 years, he has been involved in planning, designing, and implementing some of the world’s largest Windows and Exchange Server infrastructures for various international customers, including Siemens. In addition, he is hosting a monthly column for Windows IT Magazine called “Exchange & Outlook UPDATE: Outlook Perspectives” and writes about Outlook 2007–related topics. He is also a frequent writer for various international magazines and speaks on conferences about Windows- and Exchange-related topics. He was also a contributing author for MCITP: Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Messaging Design and Deployment Study Guide: Exams 70-237 and 70-238 (Sybex, 2008). In his spare time, he is actively engaged in a carnival club as a vice president and likes to go skiing in the Alps or traveling around the world. Siegfried is currently living in Rednitzhembach, a small town in southern Germany. He holds an MBA and a Diploma in Management from Open University in England and has been a Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE) since 1997. Rawlinson Rivera, an 11-year veteran of the IT consulting and training field, has worked on a variety of technologies ranging from IBM to VMware to Microsoft. He has developed specializations in architecting secure messaging and collaboration infrastructure with Windows Server 2000/2003/2008, Office SharePoint Server 2007, Exchange Server 2000/2003/2007, and VMware Virtual Infrastructure 3. Rawlinson is the founder of RawlsNet Technologies LLC, a firm that focuses on consulting, training, and developing industry content. He is the lead author of Sybex’s MCITP: Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Messaging Design and Deployment Study Guide: Exams 70-237 and 70-238 (Sybex, 2008). Jabez Gan Ming Teik is a Microsoft MVP for Windows Server File System/Storage. He is currently the senior technical officer for a consulting company that specializes in Microsoft technologies. He is also a writer for Msblog.org (blog) and technology sites and a speaker at technology events. Jabez can be reached at mingteikg@blizhosting.com. 61705ffirs.indd 9 6/28/08 9:54:25 AM
  11. 11. 61705ffirs.indd 10 6/28/08 9:54:25 AM
  12. 12. Contents at a Glance Introduction xxv Assessment Test xxxvi Chapter 1 Windows Server 2008 Storage Services 1 Chapter 2 Exploring Terminal Services in Windows Server 2008 41 Chapter 3 Terminal Services Licensing, Advance Configuration, and Monitoring for Terminal Services 99 Chapter 4 Configuring Web Services Infrastructure 147 Chapter 5 Advanced Web Infrastructure Configuration 185 Chapter 6 Configuring Additional Communication Services 219 Chapter 7 Configuring Windows SharePoint Services (WSS) 267 Chapter 8 Using Virtualization In Windows Server 2008 313 Chapter 9 Deploying Servers 363 Chapter 10 Configuring High Availability in Windows Server 2008 403 Chapter 11 Monitoring Windows Server 2008 for High Availability 443 Appendix A About the Companion CD 517 Glossary Index 61705ffirs.indd 11 521 529 6/28/08 9:54:25 AM
  13. 13. 61705ffirs.indd 12 6/28/08 9:54:25 AM
  14. 14. Contents Introduction xxv Assessment Test Chapter 1 xxxvi Windows Server 2008 Storage Services 1 Storage in Windows Server 2008 Initializing Disks Working with Basic and Dynamic Disks Working with Volume Sets RAID Mount Points Microsoft MPIO (Multipath I/O) iSCSI Internet Storage Name Service (iSNS) Fibre Channel Network Attached Storage (NAS) Managing SANs Virtual Disk Service (VDS) Storage Manger for SANs (SMfS) Storage Explorer Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 2 2 2 5 8 11 15 17 19 23 27 28 28 28 29 32 33 34 35 38 Exploring Terminal Services in Windows Server 2008 41 Remote Desktop Connection Display Custom Display Resolutions Monitor Spanning Font Smoothing Display Data Prioritization Desktop Experience Device Redirection Single Sign-On for Terminal Services Prepare and Configure the Use of Terminal Services RemoteApp (TS RemoteApp) Installing Programs to Be Used with TS RemoteApp Configuring Remote Programs to Be Used with TS RemoteApp Creating and Deploying a Windows Installer Package for TS RemoteApp Programs 61705book.indd 13 43 43 44 45 46 47 51 54 55 56 60 63 6/27/08 8:51:58 AM
  15. 15. xiv  Contents Export or Import RemoteApp Programs and Settings Distributing RemoteApp Applications Prepare and Configure Terminal Services Gateway (TS Gateway) Preparing the Necessary TS Gateway Role Services Obtaining and Configuring a Certificate for TS Gateway Creating Terminal Services Connection Authorization Policies (TS CAPs) Creating Terminal Services Resource Authorization Policies (TS RAPs) Configuring the Terminal Services Client for TS Gateway Configuring Terminal Services Load Balancing Configuring a Terminal Server Farm with TS Session Broker Configuring Network Load Balancing Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 3 Terminal Services Licensing, Advance Configuration, and Monitoring for Terminal Services Configuring Terminal Services Licensing Terminal Services Client Access Licenses (TS CALs) Installing TS Licensing and TS Client Access Licenses (CALs) Configuring License Settings on a Terminal Server Managing Terminal Services through Group Policy Group Policy Settings for Terminal Services Configuring Global Deployment Settings for  TS RemoteApp Monitoring TS Gateway Using TS Gateway Manager Resource Allocation for Terminal Services Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 72 72 74 77 80 82 84 84 89 91 92 93 96 99 100 100 101 114 125 125 130 135 138 139 140 141 144 Configuring Web Services Infrastructure 147 Configuring Web Applications Installing IIS 7.0 Creating and Configuring Websites 61705book.indd 14 4 65 67 148 150 152 6/27/08 8:51:58 AM
  16. 16. Contents  Configuring a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Server Configuring Permissions Configuring FTP Site for Extranet Users FTP IPv4 and Domain Restrictions Configuring a Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) Server Configuring General SMTP Virtual Server Properties Configuring Access Configuring Message Size and Transfer Limits Configuring Delivery Options Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 164 165 165 166 167 168 169 171 172 177 178 179 183 61705book.indd 15 185 186 188 195 197 201 202 205 206 207 209 211 211 212 213 217 Configuring Additional Communication Services 219 Configuring Fax Services Configuring Fax (Local) Properties Defining a Dialing Rule Defining a Fax Routing Location Configuring Media Server Configuring Basic Streaming Solutions Configuring Advanced Streaming Solutions Options for Configuring Security in a Windows  Media Server Configuring Digital Rights Management (DRM) How Does DRM work? Encryption 6 Advanced Web Infrastructure Configuration Managing Internet Information Services (IIS) Configuring Monitoring and Logging Backup and Restore Delegating Administrative Rights Configuring Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Security Requesting and Renewing SSL Certificates Enabling SSL on a Website Exporting and Importing Certificates Configuring Website Authentication and Permissions Configuring Application Access Client Certificate Mapping Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 5 xv 220 222 225 227 229 232 240 245 249 250 251 6/27/08 8:51:59 AM
  17. 17. xvi  Contents Sharing Business Rules Configuring License Delivery Configuring Policy Templates Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 61705book.indd 16 267 269 270 273 277 278 281 282 283 283 284 287 289 290 291 292 295 295 297 300 305 305 306 310 Using Virtualization In Windows Server 2008 313 Hyper-V Overview What Is Virtualization? Hyper-V Features Hyper-V Architecture Hyper-V Requirements Hyper-V Installation and Configuration Install Hyper-V Role Hyper-V in Server Manager Using Hyper-V Manager 8 Configuring Windows SharePoint Services (WSS) Configuring Windows SharePoint Services Configuring Incoming Email Settings Configuring Outgoing Email Settings Configuring Workflow Settings Configuring Diagnostic Logging Settings Configuring Antivirus Settings Using the Best Practices Analyzer Tool Configuring Windows SharePoint Services (WSS) Sites Upgrading from WSS 2.0 Creating or Extending Web Applications Configuring Alternate Access Mapping Creating Zones for Web Applications Creating Quota Templates Creating Site Collections Enabling Access For End Users Adding Site Content Configuring Authentication for WSS Configure Digest Authentication Configuring Web SSO Authentication by Using ADFS Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 7 252 253 256 260 260 261 265 314 314 315 316 318 320 320 323 324 6/27/08 8:51:59 AM
  18. 18. Contents  Configure Hyper-V Settings Manage Virtual Networks Managing Virtual Hard Disks Configuring Virtual Machines Creating and Managing Virtual Machines Back Up and Restore Virtual Machines Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 9 Deploying Servers Windows Deployment Services Deploying Images by Using Windows Deployment Services Using Windows Deployment Services Configuring WDS Capturing Images Deploying Server Core Configuring Microsoft Windows Activation Installing KMS Configuring KMS Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 10 Configuring High Availability in Windows Server 2008 Components of High Availability Achieving High Availability Achieving High Availability with Failover Clustering Failover Clustering Requirements Cluster Quorum Validating a Cluster Configuration Creating a Cluster Clustered Application Settings Resource Properties Achieving High Availability with Network Load Balancing How Does Network Load Balancing Work? Network Load Balancing Requirements Creating an NLB Cluster Modifying Cluster Properties Managing NLB Clusters 61705book.indd 17 xvii 325 326 329 337 337 347 355 355 357 361 363 364 365 366 369 375 380 381 384 385 397 397 398 401 403 404 405 407 409 410 412 417 422 426 429 429 430 431 433 434 6/27/08 8:51:59 AM
  19. 19. xviii  Contents Summary Exam Essentials Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Chapter 11 Monitoring Windows Server 2008 for High Availability 435 436 437 441 443 Monitoring Servers Using Performance Data Working with Data Collector Sets Log Data in Performance Monitor Diagnosis Report View System Stability with Reliability Monitor Monitoring Servers Using Event Logs Using wevtutil.exe to Manage Event Logs Configuring Computers to Forward and Collect Events Reading Events through Custom Views Monitoring Using Task Scheduler Scheduling a Task Managing a Task Managing or Creating a Task on a Remote Computer Using the Command-Line Tool Schtasks.exe Running a Task in Response to a Given Event Monitoring System Activity Monitoring General System Activity Using Resource Monitor Monitoring Specific System Activity Using  Performance Monitor Configuring and Monitoring Using Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Install SNMP Services Configuring Agent Properties Configuring Traps Configuring SNMP Security Properties Starting or Stopping the SNMP Service Configuring Event to Trap Translator Summary Review Questions Answers to Review Questions Appendix A 444 446 456 459 461 467 469 470 472 475 477 481 485 487 488 490 About the Companion CD 517 What You’ll Find on the CD Sybex Test Engine PDF of the Book 61705book.indd 18 490 495 500 500 501 503 504 506 507 507 509 514 518 518 518 6/27/08 8:51:59 AM
  20. 20. Contents  Adobe Reader Electronic Flashcards System Requirements Using the CD Troubleshooting Customer Care Glossary Index 61705book.indd 19 xix 519 519 519 519 520 520 521 529 6/27/08 8:51:59 AM
  21. 21. Table of Exercises Exercise 1.1 Initializing Disk Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Exercise 1.2 Converting a Basic Disk to a Dynamic Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Exercise 1.3 Creating a Volume Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Exercise 1.4 Creating Mount Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Exercise 1.5 Installing Microsoft MPIO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Exercise 1.6 Configuring iSCSI Storage Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Exercise 1.7 Installing the iSNS Feature on Windows Server 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Exercise 1.8 Installing Storage Manager for SANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Exercise 2.1 Enabling Font Smoothing on a Client Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Exercise 2.2 Verifying ClearType settings on Window Server 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Exercise 2.3 Enabling the Desktop Experience Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Exercise 2.4 Starting the Themes Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Exercise 2.5 Setting the Theme on Windows Server 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Exercise 2.6 Making Desktop Composition Available on a Vista Client . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Exercise 2.7 Redirect Plug and Play Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Exercise 2.8 Configuring Authentication of a Windows 2008 Terminal Server . . . . . . 54 Exercise 2.9 Configuring SSO on a Client Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Exercise 2.10 Installing the Terminal Services Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Exercise 2.11 Adding an application to the TS RemoteApp Program List . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Exercise 2.12 Packaging a TS RemoteApp Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Exercise 2.13 Exporting the RemoteApp Programs List and Deployment Settings . . . 65 Exercise 2.14 Installing TS Web Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Exercise 2.15 Adding the Computer Account of the TS Web Access Server to the TS RemoteApp Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Exercise 2.16 Installing the TS Gateway Role Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Exercise 2.17 Installing a Certificate on the TS Gateway Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Exercise 2.18 Mapping the Certificate to the TS Gateway Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Exercise 2.19 Creating a TS CAP for the TS Gateway Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Exercise 2.20 Creating a TS RAP and Specifying Computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Exercise 2.21 Configuring the Terminal Services client for TS Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Exercise 2.22 61705flast.indd 20 Installing TS Session Broker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Exercise 2.23 Adding Terminal Servers to the Session Directory Computers Local Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 6/27/08 9:36:03 AM
  22. 22. Table of Exercises  xxi Exercise 2.24 Configuring the Terminal Servers to Join a Farm and Participate in Load Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Exercise 2.25 Configuring DNS for TS Session Broker Load Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Exercise 2.26 Installing NLB and Creating an NLB Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Exercise 3.1 Installing TS Licensing Role Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Exercise 3.2 Installing TS Licensing Manager as a Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Exercise 3.3 Activating a TS License Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Exercise 3.4 Install Terminal Services Client Access Licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Exercise 3.5 Creating a Report for TS Per User CAL Issuance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Exercise 3.6 Revocation of Per Device CALs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Exercise 3.7 Running Licensing Diagnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Exercise 3.8 TS RemoteApp Global Deployment Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Exercise 3.9 TS RemoteApp TS Gateway Global Deployment Settings . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Exercise 3.10 TS RemoteApp Common RDP Global Deployment Settings . . . . . . . . . 133 Exercise 3.11 TS RemoteApp Digital Signature Global Deployment Settings . . . . . . . 135 Exercise 3.12 Specifying TS Gateway Events to Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Exercise 3.13 Viewing User Connection Information through TS Gateway Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 Exercise 3.14 Installing Windows System Resource Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 Exercise 3.15 Configuring WSRM for Terminal Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Exercise 4.1 Installing IIS 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Exercise 4.2 Creating a Site Using Host Headers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Exercise 4.3 Installing IIS Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Exercise 5.1 Using AppCmd.exe to List Configured Websites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 Exercise 5.2 Enabling Failed Request Tracing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 Exercise 5.3 Modifying Configuration History Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 Exercise 5.4 Delegating Administrative Permissions for Remote Administration of a Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 Exercise 5.5 Enabling SSL on a Web Server: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 Exercise 6.1 Configuring a Fax Device to Receive Faxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Exercise 6.2 Configuring Fax Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 Exercise 6.3 Configuring a Dialing Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Exercise 6.4 Adding a Routing Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Exercise 6.7 Creating a Broadcast Publishing Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235 Exercise 6.7 61705flast.indd 21 Configuring Incoming Fax Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Exercise 6.5 Configuring a Multicast Stream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 6/27/08 9:36:03 AM
  23. 23. xxii  Table of Exercises Exercise 6.8 Enabling Fast Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 Exercise 6.9 Enabling Advanced Fast Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242 Exercise 6.10 Enabling FEC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243 Exercise 6.11 Setting Client Connect Attempts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244 Exercise 6.12 Changing the Anonymous Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 Exercise 6.13 Enabling ACL Authorization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 Exercise 6.14 Allowing or Denying IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 Exercise 6.15 Creating an ACL List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 Exercise 6.16 Using AD DRM to Protect a Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252 Exercise 6.17 Configuring Users’ Exclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253 Exercise 6.18 Configuring Application Exclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255 Exercise 6.19 Configuring Policy Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 Exercise 7.1 Configuring Incoming Email Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 Exercise 7.2 Configuring Outgoing Email Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 Exercise 7.3 Configuring Outgoing Email Settings for a Specific Web Application . 276 Exercise 7.4 Configuring Diagnostic Log Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280 Exercise 7.5 Configuring Digest Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297 Exercise 7.6 Configuring Web SSO authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301 Exercise 8.1 Installing Hyper-V on Full Installation Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320 Exercise 8.2 Creating an internal Virtual Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328 Exercise 8.3 Creating a Differencing Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331 Exercise 8.4 Creating a Fixed Size Disk and Cloning a Local Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332 Exercise 8.5 Adding a Pass-Through Disk to a Virtual Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335 Exercise 8.6 Creating a new Virtual Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338 Exercise 8.7 Installing Hyper-V Integration Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346 Exercise 8.8 Creating a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351 Exercise 8.9 Applying a Snapshot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354 Exercise 9.1 Installing the WDS Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367 Exercise 9.2 Configuring WDS Server for First Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370 Exercise 9.3 Configuring WDS Server Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372 Exercise 9.4 Creating a Capture Image Using the Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376 Exercise 9.5 Using WDSUTIL to Create a Capture Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379 Exercise 9.6 Installing Server Core . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 381 Exercise 9.7 61705flast.indd 22 Installing a KMS Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385 Exercise 9.8 Configuring DNS Permissions for a KMS Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387 6/27/08 9:36:03 AM
  24. 24. Table of Exercises  xxiii Exercise 9.9 Publishing in Multiple Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389 Exercise 9.10 Creating a KMS SVR Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392 Exercise 9.11 Capturing data for Install from Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395 Exercise 10.1 Installing the Failover Cluster Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413 Exercise 10.2 Running the Validate a Configuration Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 Exercise 10.3 Creating a Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 Exercise 10.4 Clustering the Print Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 Exercise 10.5 Using the Dependency Viewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425 Exercise 10.6 Creating a Network Load Balancing Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431 Exercise 11.1 Assigning the “Log On as a Batch Job” User Right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446 Exercise 11.2 Creating a Data Collector Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447 Exercise 11.3 Creating a New Data Collector Set from a Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 449 Exercise 11.4 Manually Creating a New Data Collector Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450 Exercise 11.5 Scheduling the Start Condition for a Data Collector Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . 451 Exercise 11.6 Scheduling the Stop Condition for a Data Collector Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453 Exercise 11.7 Configuring Data Management for a Data Collector Set . . . . . . . . . . . . 454 Exercise 11.8 Loading Log Data in Performance Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458 Exercise 11.9 Navigating the Log View in Performance Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459 Exercise 11.10 Viewing the System Diagnostics Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460 Exercise 11.11 Viewing System Availability in Performance Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463 Exercise 11.12 Configuring Computers to Forward and Collect Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . 470 Exercise 11.13 Filtering Only Informational Events in the Current Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473 Exercise 11.14 Creating a Custom View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474 Exercise 11.15 Scheduling a Basic Task by Using a Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477 Exercise 11.16 Scheduling a Task Manually by Using the Windows Interface . . . . . . . . 480 Exercise 11.17 Displaying All Running Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482 Exercise 11.19 Exporting Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483 Exercise 11.20 Importing Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483 Exercise 11.21 Viewing the History of a Task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 484 Exercise 11.22 Managing or Creating a Task on a Remote Computer Using Task Scheduler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 485 Exercise 11.23 Managing or Creating Task on a Remote Computer Using Command Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 486 Exercise 11.24 61705flast.indd 23 Scheduling a Task Manually by Using the Command Line . . . . . . . . . . . 481 Exercise 11.18 Running a Task in Response to an Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 488 6/27/08 9:36:04 AM
  25. 25. xxiv  Table of Exercises Exercise 11.25 Monitoring General System Activity Using Resource Monitor . . . . . . . 491 Exercise 11.26 Adding Counters to the Current Performance Monitor View . . . . . . . . . 495 Exercise 11.27 Changing the Graph Type for the Log Data in Performance Monitor . . 499 Exercise 11.28 Installing SNMP Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 Exercise 11.29 Configuring Agent Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 502 Exercise 11.30 Configuring SNMP Security Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 504 Exercise 11.32 Starting or Stopping SNMP Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506 Exercise 11.33 61705flast.indd 24 Configuring Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503 Exercise 11.31 Configuring Event to Trap Translator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507 6/27/08 9:36:04 AM
  26. 26. Introduction Microsoft has recently changed its certification program to contain three primary series: Technology, Professional, and Architect. The Technology Series of certifications is intended to allow candidates to target specific technologies and is the basis for obtaining the Professional Series and Architect Series of certifications. The certifications contained within the Technology Series consist of one to three exams, focus on a specific technology, and do not include job-role skills. By contrast, the Professional Series of certifications focus on a job role and are not necessarily focused on a single technology but rather a comprehensive set of skills for performing the job role being tested. The Architect Series of certifications offered by Microsoft includes premier certifications that consist of passing a review board made up of previously certified architects. To apply for the Architect Series of certifications, you must have a minimum of 10 years of industry experience. When obtaining a Technology Series certification, you are recognized as a Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) on the specific technology or technologies that you have been tested on. The Professional Series certifications include Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP) and Microsoft Certified Professional Developer (MCPD). Passing the review board for an Architect Series certification will allow you to become a Microsoft Certified Architect (MCA). This book has been developed to give you the critical skills and knowledge you need to prepare for the exam requirement for obtaining the MCTS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring (Exam 70-643). The Microsoft Certified Professional Program Since the inception of its certification program, Microsoft has certified more than 2 million people. As the computer network industry continues to increase in both size and complexity, this number is sure to grow—and the need for proven ability will also increase. Certifications can help companies verify the skills of prospective employees and contractors. Microsoft has developed its Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP) program to give you credentials that verify your ability to work with Microsoft products effectively and professionally. Several levels of certification are available based on specific suites of exams. Microsoft has recently created a new generation of certification programs: Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS)  ​ he MCTS can be considered the T entry-level certification for the new generation of Microsoft certifications. The MCTS certification program targets specific technologies instead of specific job roles. You must take and pass one to three exams. Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP)  ​ he MCITP certification is a Professional T Series certification that tests network and systems administrators on job roles rather than only on a specific technology. The MCITP generally consists of passing one to three exams in addition to obtaining an MCTS-level certification. 61705flast.indd 25 6/27/08 9:36:04 AM
  27. 27. xxvi  Introduction Microsoft Certified Professional Developer (MCPD)  ​ he MCPD certification is a ProfesT sional Series certification for application developers. Similar to the MCITP, the MCPD is focused on a job role rather than on a single technology. The MCPD generally consists of passing one to three exams in addition to obtaining an MCTS-level certification. Microsoft Certified Architect (MCA)  ​ he MCA is Microsoft’s premier certification series. T Obtaining the MCA requires a minimum of 10 years of experience and requires the candidate to pass a review board consisting of peer architects. How Do You Become Certified on Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure? Attaining a Microsoft certification has always been a challenge. In the past, students have been able to acquire detailed exam information—even most of the exam questions—from online “brain dumps” and third-party “cram” books or software products. For the new generation of exams, this is simply not the case. Microsoft has taken strong steps to protect the security and integrity of its new certification tracks. Now prospective candidates must complete a course of study that develops detailed knowledge about a wide range of topics. It supplies them with the true skills needed, derived from working with the technology being tested. The new generations of Microsoft certification programs are heavily weighted toward hands-on skills and experience. It is recommended that candidates have troubleshooting skills acquired through hands-on experience and working knowledge. Fortunately, if you are willing to dedicate the time and effort to learn the Windows Server 2008 applications infrastructure, you can prepare yourself well for the exam by using the proper tools. By working through this book, you can successfully meet the requirements to pass the Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure exam. This book is part of a complete series of Microsoft certification Study Guides, published by Sybex Inc., that together cover the new MCTS, MCITP, and MCPD exams as well as the core MCSA and MCSE operating system requirements. Please visit the Sybex website at www.sybex.com for complete program and product details. MCTS Exam Requirements Candidates for MCTS certification on Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure must pass one Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure exam. Other MCTS certifications may require up to three exams. For a more detailed description of the Microsoft certification programs, including a list of all the exams, visit the Microsoft Learning website at www.microsoft.com/learning/mcp. 61705flast.indd 26 6/27/08 9:36:04 AM
  28. 28. Introduction  xxvii The Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring Exam The Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure exam covers concepts and skills related to installing, configuring, and managing Windows Server 2008 applications. This includes the following applications: NN SharePoint Services NN Windows Deployment Services NN Terminal Services NN Internet Information Services 7.0 It emphasizes the basic Windows Server 2008 roles and features required to configure and support this functionality. Microsoft provides exam objectives to give you a general overview of possible areas of coverage on the Microsoft exams. Keep in mind, however, that exam objectives are subject to change at any time without prior notice and at Microsoft’s sole discretion. Please visit the Microsoft Learning website ( www.microsoft.com/learning/mcp) for the most current listing of exam objectives. Types of Exam Questions In an effort to both refine the testing process and protect the quality of its certifications, Microsoft has focused its newer certification exams on real experience and hands-on proficiency. There is a greater emphasis on your past working environments and responsibilities and less emphasis on how well you can memorize. In fact, Microsoft says that certification candidates should have hands-on experience before attempting to pass any certification exams. Microsoft will accomplish its goal of protecting the exams’ integrity by regularly adding and removing exam questions, limiting the number of questions that any individual sees in a beta exam, limiting the number of questions delivered to an individual by using adaptive testing, and adding new exam elements. Exam questions may be in a variety of formats. Depending on which exam you take, you’ll see multiple choice questions, as well as drag-and-drop, build list and reorder, and hot area questions. Simulations and case study-based formats are included as well. You may also find yourself taking what’s called an adaptive format exam. Let’s take a look at the types of exam questions and examine the adaptive testing technique so you’ll be prepared for all of the possibilities. 61705flast.indd 27 6/27/08 9:36:04 AM
  29. 29. xxviii  Introduction With the release of Windows 2000, Microsoft stopped providing a detailed score breakdown. This is mostly because of the various and complex question formats. Previously, each question focused on one objective. However, recent exams, such as the Windows Server 2008 Active Directory exam, contain questions that may be tied to one or more objectives from one or more objective sets. Therefore, grading by objective is almost impossible. Also, Microsoft no longer offers a score. Now you will only be told if you pass or fail. Multiple Choice Questions Multiple choice questions come in two main forms. One is a straightforward question followed by several possible answers, of which one or more is correct. The other type of multiple choice question is more complex and based on a specific scenario. The scenario may focus on several areas or objectives. Drag-and-Drop Questions Drag-and-drop exam questions involve graphical elements that you must manipulate to successfully answer the question. For example, you might see a diagram of a computer network, as shown in the following graphic taken from the select-and-place demo downloaded from Microsoft’s website. 61705flast.indd 28 6/27/08 9:36:05 AM
  30. 30. Introduction  xxix A typical diagram will show computers and other components next to boxes that contain the text “Place here.” The labels for the boxes represent various computer roles on a network, such as a print server and a file server. Based on information given for each computer, you are asked to select each label and place it in the correct box. You need to place all of the labels correctly. No credit is given for the question if you correctly label only some of the boxes. Build List and Reorder Questions In another drag-and-drop problem you might be asked to put a series of steps in order by dragging items from boxes on the left to boxes on the right and placing them in the correct order. One other type requires that you drag an item from the left and place it under an item in a column on the right. For more information on the various exam question types, go to www.microsoft.com/learning/mcpexams/policies/innovations.mspx. Simulations Simulations are the kinds of questions that most closely represent actual situations and test the skills you use while working with Microsoft software interfaces. These exam questions include a mock interface on which you are asked to perform certain actions according to a given scenario. The simulated interfaces look nearly identical to what you see in the actual product, as shown in the following example. 61705flast.indd 29 6/27/08 9:36:05 AM
  31. 31. xxx  Introduction Because of the number of possible errors that can be made on simulations, be sure to consider the following recommendations from Microsoft: NN NN NN NN Do not change any simulation settings that don’t pertain to the solution directly. When related information has not been provided, assume that the default settings are used. Make sure that your entries are spelled correctly. Close all the simulation application windows after completing the set of tasks in the simulation. The best way to prepare for simulation questions is to spend time working with the graphical interface of the product on which you will be tested. Case Study-Based Questions Case study-based questions first appeared in the MCSD program. These questions present a scenario with a range of requirements. Based on the information provided, you answer a series of multiple-choice and select-and-place questions. The interface for case study-based questions has a number of tabs, each of which contains information about the scenario. At present, this type of question appears only in most of the Design exams. Microsoft will regularly add and remove questions from the exams. This is called item seeding. It is part of the effort to make it more difficult for individuals to memorize exam questions that were passed along by previous test-takers. Tips for Taking the MCTS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure Configuring Exam Here are some general tips for achieving success on your certification exam: NN NN NN NN NN 61705flast.indd 30 Arrive early at the exam center so that you can relax and review your study materials. During this final review, you can look over tables and lists of exam-related information. Read the questions carefully. Do not be tempted to jump to an early conclusion. Make sure you know exactly what the question is asking. Answer all questions. If you are unsure about a question, mark it for review and come back to it at a later time. On simulations, do not change settings that are not directly related to the question. Also, assume default settings if the question does not specify or imply which settings are used. For questions you’re not sure about, use a process of elimination to get rid of the obviously incorrect answers first. This improves your odds of selecting the correct answer when you need to make an educated guess. 6/27/08 9:36:05 AM
  32. 32. Introduction  xxxi Exam Registration You may take the Microsoft exams at any of more than 1,000 Authorized Prometric Testing Centers (APTCs) around the world. For the location of a testing center near you, call Prometric at 800-755-EXAM (755-3926). Outside the United States and Canada, contact your local Prometric registration center. You may also register for your exams online at www.prometric.com. Find out the number of the exam you want to take, and then register with the Prometric registration center nearest to you. At this point, you will be asked for advance payment for the exam. The exams are $125 each and you must take them within one year of payment. You can schedule exams up to six weeks in advance or as late as one working day prior to the date of the exam. You can cancel or reschedule your exam if you contact the center at least two working days prior to the exam. Same-day registration is available in some locations, subject to space availability. Where same-day registration is available, you must register a minimum of two hours before test time. When you schedule the exam, you will be provided with instructions regarding appointment and cancellation procedures, ID requirements, and information about the testing center location. In addition, you will receive a registration and payment confirmation letter from Prometric. Microsoft requires certification candidates to accept the terms of a nondisclosure agreement before taking certification exams. Is This Book for You? If you want to acquire a solid foundation in Windows Server 2008 applications, and your goal is to prepare for the exam by learning how to use and manage the new operating system functions in practical ways, this book is for you. You’ll find clear explanations of the fundamental concepts you need to grasp and plenty of help to achieve the high level of professional competency you need to succeed in your chosen field. If you want to become certified as an MCTS, this book is definitely for you. However, if you just want to attempt to pass the exam without really understanding Windows Server 2008 applications, this Study Guide is not for you. It is written for people who want to acquire hands-on skills and in-depth knowledge of Windows Server 2008 applications. What’s in the Book? What makes a Sybex Study Guide the book of choice for hundreds of thousands of MCPs? We took into account not only what you need to know to pass the exam, but what you need to know to take what you’ve learned and apply it in the real world. Each book contains the following: Objective-by-objective coverage of the topics you need to know  ​ ach chapter lists the objecE tives covered in that chapter. 61705flast.indd 31 6/27/08 9:36:05 AM
  33. 33. xxxii  Introduction The topics covered in this Study Guide map directly to Microsoft’s official exam objectives. Each exam objective is covered completely. Assessment test  ​ irectly following this introduction is an assessment test that you should D take. It is designed to help you determine how much you already know about Windows Server 2008 Active Directory. Each question is tied to a topic discussed in the book. Using the results of the assessment test, you can figure out the areas where you need to focus your study. Of course, we do recommend you read the entire book. Exam essentials  ​ o highlight what you learn, you’ll find a list of exam essentials at the T end of each chapter. The exam essentials section briefly highlights the topics that need your particular attention as you prepare for the exam. Glossary  ​ hroughout each chapter, you will be introduced to important terms and conT cepts that you will need to know for the exam. These terms appear in italic within the chapters, and at the end of the book, a detailed glossary gives definitions for these terms as well as other general terms you should know. Review questions, complete with detailed explanations  ​ ach chapter is followed by a set E of review questions that test what you learned in the chapter. The questions are written with the exam in mind, meaning that they are designed to have the same look and feel as what you’ll see on the exam. Exercises  ​ n each chapter, you’ll find exercises designed to give you the important handsI on experience that is critical for your exam preparation. The exercises support the topics of the chapter, and they walk you through the steps necessary to perform particular functions. Real World Scenarios  ​ ecause reading a book isn’t enough for you to learn how to apply B these topics in your everyday duties, we have provided Real World Scenarios in special sidebars. These explain when and why a particular solution would make sense, in a working environment you’d actually encounter. Interactive CD  ​ very Sybex Study Guide comes with a CD complete with additional E questions, flashcards for use with an interactive device, and the book in electronic format. Details are in the following section. What’s on the CD? With this new member of our best-selling Study Guide series, we are including quite an array of training resources. The CD offers bonus exams and flashcards to help you study for the exam. We have also included the complete contents of the Study Guide in electronic form. The CD’s resources are described here: The Sybex E-book for Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure  ​ any people M like the convenience of being able to carry their whole Study Guide on a CD. They also like being able to search the text via computer to find specific information quickly and easily. 61705flast.indd 32 6/27/08 9:36:05 AM
  34. 34. Introduction  xxxiii For these reasons, the entire contents of this Study Guide are supplied on the CD, in PDF. We’ve also included Adobe Acrobat Reader, which provides the interface for the PDF contents as well as the search capabilities. The Sybex Test Engine  ​ his is a collection of multiple-choice questions that will help you T prepare for your exam. There are four sets of questions: NN NN NN Two bonus exams designed to simulate the actual live exam. All the questions from the Study Guide, presented in a test engine for your review. You can review questions by chapter, or you can take a random test. The assessment test. Here is a sample screen from the Sybex Test Engine: Sybex Flashcards for PCs and Handheld Devices  ​ he “flashcard” style of question offers T an effective way to quickly and efficiently test your understanding of the fundamental concepts covered in the exam. The Sybex Flashcards set consists of 100 questions presented in a special engine developed specifically for this Study Guide series. Here’s what the Sybex Flashcards interface looks like: 61705flast.indd 33 6/27/08 9:36:06 AM
  35. 35. xxxiv  Introduction Because of the high demand for a product that will run on handheld devices, we have also developed, in conjunction with Land-J Technologies, a version of the flashcard questions that you can take with you on your Palm OS PDA (including the PalmPilot and Handspring’s Visor). Hardware and Software Requirements You should verify that your computer meets the minimum requirements for installing Windows Server 2008. We suggest that your computer meets or exceeds the recommended requirements for a more enjoyable experience. The exercises in this book assume that your computer is configured in a specific manner. Your computer should have at least a 20GB drive that is configured with the minimum space requirements and partitions. Other exercises in this book assume that your computer is configured as follows: NN NN Optional D: partition with the NTFS filesystem NN 61705flast.indd 34 20GB C: partition with the NTFS filesystem 15GB or more of free space 6/27/08 9:36:06 AM
  36. 36. Introduction  xxxv Of course, you can allocate more space to your partitions if it is available. The first exercise in the book assumes that you have installed Windows Server 2008. Many of the exercises, including the failover clustering exercises in Chapter 10, assume that you have an Active Directory domain configured and that you have administrative rights on that domain. Contacts and Resources To find out more about Microsoft Education and Certification materials and programs, to register with Prometric, or to obtain other useful certification information and additional study resources, check the following resources: Microsoft Learning Home Page www.microsoft.com/learning This website provides information about the MCP program and exams. You can also order the latest Microsoft Roadmap to Education and Certification. Microsoft TechNet Technical Information Network www.microsoft.com/technet (800) 344-2121 Use this website or phone number to contact support professionals and system administrators. Outside the United States and Canada, contact your local Microsoft subsidiary for information. Prometric www.prometric.com (800) 755-3936 Contact Prometric to register to take an exam at any of more than 800 Prometric Testing Centers around the world. MCP Magazine Online www.mcpmag.com Microsoft Certified Professional Magazine is a well-respected publication that focuses on Windows certification. This site hosts chats and discussion forums and tracks news related to the MCTS and MCITP program. Some of the services cost a fee, but they are well worth it. WindowsITPro Magazine www.windowsITPro.com You can subscribe to this magazine or read free articles at the website. The study resource provides general information on Windows Vista, Server, and .NET Server. 61705flast.indd 35 6/27/08 9:36:06 AM
  37. 37. Assessment Test 1. You have been given a server with three hard disks, all with the same capacity. The first drive contains the operating system files. You must provide data redundancy while providing the most amount of capacity. To accomplish this, which of the following would you do? A. Select the first drive, right-click, and select New RAID 5 Volume. B. Select the first drive, right-click, and select New Mirrored Volume. C. Select the first drive, right-click, and select New Striped Volume. D. Select the first drive, right-click, and select New Simple Volume. 2. You have been given a server that contains three HBAs. Each card can access the storage over a separate path. The application that runs on the server can exceed the usage of a single path. Which of the following MPIO options should be selected to provide the needed bandwidth as well as minimal redundancy? A. Failover B. Dynamic Least Queue Depth C. Weighted path D. Round robin 3. A server named TSrv1 running Windows Server 2008 has the Terminal Server role installed and you have deployed a remote application from this server. You have already contacted the vendor to verify that the application is supported in a Terminal Server environment, but the installation package does not use an MSI installer package. After you have deployed the remote application, users report remote application time-outs and various disconnected sessions. How can you ensure that the application has been installed to support multiple sessions? A. Run the change user /disable command on TSrv1, install the application, and run the change user /enable command on TSrv1. B. Run mstsc /v:TSrv1 /admin from you client computer to log on to the TSrv1 and install the application. C. Run the change user /execute command on TSrv1, install the application, and run the change user /install command on TSrv1. D. Run the change user /install command on TSrv1, install the application, and run the change user /execute command on TSrv1. 61705flast.indd 36 6/27/08 9:36:06 AM
  38. 38. Assessment Test  xxxvii 4. You are a server administrator with two servers running Windows 2008 with the Terminal Services role installed, TSrv1 and TSrv2. TSrv1 is currently publishing remote applications and distributing them through RDP files through a web virtual directory. You want the program lists and deployment settings to be the same on both servers, so you import the RemoteApp programs settings from TSrv1. Users complain that they cannot access the remote applications on TSrv2 but can on TSrv1. Which of the following procedures would you do to ensure that users can access the applications on TSrv2? A. Copy the RDP files from TSrv1 to a new web virtual directory for TSrv2. B. Configure TSrv1 and TSrv2 to participate in TS Session Broker Load Balancing. C. Re-create the RDP files on TSrv2 and distribute them to the users. D. Re-create the RDP files on TSrv1 and distribute them to the users. 5. Your company runs Window Server 2008 Terminal Service servers and all the clients are Windows Vista. There is a new company video broadcast that the clients will be running from these terminal servers. Which of the follow action would you take to ensure that Media Player 11 is enabled on the terminal servers? A. Install the Desktop Experience feature on the Terminal Service servers. B. Install the Vista theme on the Terminal Service servers. C. Check the Desktop composition box on the RDC client of the user’s computer. D. Install Windows Media Server 2008 on the Terminal Service servers. 6. You have an Active Directory domain and the TS Licensing service role is installed on a server named TSrv1 that is in a workgroup. You cannot enable TS Per User CALs on this license server. What do you need to do to enable TS Per User CALs? A. Get license keys from the Microsoft Clearinghouse and enter the keys into the license server. B. Join TSrv1 to the domain. C. Install the Terminal Services Role on TSrv1. D. Install the TS Gateway role on TSrv1. 7. You are running the Terminal Services role on a server and are publishing RemoteApps and using GPOs to set the policies on the server. You check Terminal Services Manager and notice that there are disconnected sessions that are several days old. How in the future can you ensure that disconnected sessions do not exist? A. Log into Terminal Services Manager and reset each disconnected session. B. In the Group Policy Management Console, enable the policy Restrict Terminal Service users to a remote session. C. In the Group Policy Management Console, enable the policy Set time limit for disconnected sessions. D. Set the terminal server to drain mode. 61705flast.indd 37 6/27/08 9:36:06 AM
  39. 39. xxxviii  Assessment Test 8. You have installed a TS license server and you wish to activate it. You choose the automatic connection to activate the server with the Microsoft Clearinghouse but it fails. You suspect that your firewall is configured incorrectly, and you want the activation process to happen automatically. How can you ensure this? A. Open port 443 on your firewall. B. Open port 80 on your firewall. C. Open port 3389 on your firewall. D. Open port 1494 on your firewall. 9. You have just deployed a new .NET web application and need to provide it with the least amount of privileges. The application needs to be able to access the Registry. Which of the following .NET trust levels will provide the least amount of privileges required? A. Full B. High C. Medium D. Low E. Minimal 10. You have configured an SMTP server to be the smart host for a number of servers so that the server can send all outbound email out to the Internet. None of the messages that have been sent have been received by the recipient. What must be done to allow email to be delivered? A. Enable TLS encryption. B. Add the sending servers to the exceptions list on the connection control. C. Add the sending servers to the allow list in the relay restrictions. D. Enable LDAP Routing. 11. You must configure a website to allow Windows user credentials based on file system permissions to provide access to a single virtual directory. Which authentication modules must you disable on the virtual directory if the IUSR_ServerName account has permissions on the site content? A. Basic Authentication B. Anonymous Authentication C. Digest Authentication D. Integrated Windows Authentication 12. You must restore the server’s configuration to before the last set of configuration changes you made. Which command should you run? A. AppCmd restore backup “Last Backup” B. AppCmd restore backup “CFGHISTORY_0000000001” C. AppCmd restore backup “CFGHISTORY_0000000100” D. AppCmd add backup “CFGHISTORY_0000000100” 61705flast.indd 38 6/27/08 9:36:06 AM
  40. 40. Assessment Test  xxxix 13. You are the administrator for an engineering firm. The chief information officer (CIO) informs you that the president of the company wants to make a live broadcast to all employees. The CIO informs you that he does not want the employees to be able to record the broadcast or pause it. In addition, he wants you to reduce the impact that the broadcast will have on the server. What two options should you choose to meet the CIO’s requirements? A. Deliver the content with a unicast stream. B. Use on-demand publishing points. C. Deliver the content with a multicast stream. D. Use a broadcast publishing point. 14. Your company has a shared directory that contains files created with Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Publisher. The senior network administrator wants you to use the newly installed Windows 2008 Server to provide better control over who has access to those files and to limit the amount of time the files can be used. In addition, he wants you to reduce the amount of administration effort that is currently being spent used to change rights on user files. What options should you choose to install and configure? (Choose all that apply.) A. Windows SharePoint Services B. Active Directory Rights Management Service Role (AD RMS) C. Configure Rights Policy Templates D. Configure Active Directory Security Groups 15. After deploying your WSS 3.0 site, you get a request from management to create a document library for the human resources department. Management has also requested that the human resources department should only be able to view and add content to the site. What level of security permissions should you provide to the human resources group? A. Owner B. Visitor C. Member D. Administrator 16. You deploy a new WSS 3.0 site in your company intranet. The sales department asks you to create a new web application for this new site. After you create the new web application, users in the sales department report that they cannot access it. What step do you need to perform so that the application is available to your users in the sales department? A. Manually reset IIS on all servers within your SharePoint farm. B. Ask users in the sales department to log off and then log on to their workstations. C. Change permissions on the sales user group to administrator level. D. Give sales users site owners permissions to the web application. 17. When is an operating system Hyper-V hypervisor aware? A. Automatically, if you install a Microsoft operating system B. When you install the VM components C. After you install the Integration Components D. When you turn on hypervisor awareness in Hyper-V 61705flast.indd 39 6/27/08 9:36:06 AM
  41. 41. xl  Assessment Test 18. What types of virtual hard disks can you configure in Hyper-V Manager? (Choose all that apply.) A. Dynamically expanding B. Fixed size C. Differencing D. Pass-through 19. What statement is correct when you create an internal only virtual network for your virtual machines on a Hyper-V server? A. The virtual machines can communicate with each other and with the host machine. B. The virtual machines can communicate with each other only. C. The virtual machines can communicate with each other, with the host machine, and with the network. D. The virtual machines cannot communicate with each other. 20. You are an IT administrator for a medium-size company. This company has 250 Vista computers and 15 Windows 2008 Server machines. One of your users puts in a service request stating that he is no longer able to open certain programs or access some functions. When the user logs into another machine, he is able to access the programs and features. He also states that he has been getting a Windows Activation popup from time to time. What would you do to resolve this issue? A. Check the user’s permissions in Active Directory and assign admin rights to his machine. B. Scan for viruses. C. Activate his copy of Windows Vista. D. Restore the machine from a backup. 21. The CIO of your company informs you that you have 80 machines to replace this year and every year going forward as part of the technology refresh program the company has just adopted. He also informs you that this needs to be done with your current staff and you need to stay within the budgeted hours. The CIO also wants you to find a way to enforce standards because he claims that many of the builds by some of the new technicians are not up to company standards. Your company has 500 Windows XP machines and 10 Windows 2003 Server machines and two newly deployed Windows Server 2008 machines. How can you meet the CIO’s requests? A. Install an RIS server and use Norton Ghost to create a image to be deployed to the new machines. B. Install Windows 2008 Server on a machine and install the WDS role. Create images based on the company standards and then use those images to deploy the new machines. C. Modify the ntuser file to meet the standards of the company. Then include this file in the users login script. D. Have the vendor create a machine that includes all the standards required by the company. 61705flast.indd 40 6/27/08 9:36:07 AM
  42. 42. Assessment Test  xli 22. To meet your company’s growing demands, you have installed WDS on a Windows Server 2008 machine. This machine is also used for DNS, DHCP, and print services. This WDS install will allow you to deploy images to new computers and servers and provide a tool for the help desk in case they need to reinstall the operating system. Your network administrator has created the proper images and placed them in the image folder. The administrator reports that he is not able to PXE boot into the WDS server. He is sure that the boot and deploy images are configured properly and in the right location. You check the services and they are all running. What could be the issue? A. Check the DNS server to make sure its running. B. Boot image has not been added to the server. C. You need to run WDSUTIL /start-server. D. Change the DHCP port. 23. A failover cluster contains two nodes, and a business requires the cluster’s application to remain active and not have a single point of failure. Which of the following quorum models would work in a two-node failover cluster? (Choose all that apply.) A. No Majority: Disk Only B. Node Majority C. Node and Disk Majority D. Node and File Share Majority 24. A two-node failover cluster has two clustered services. Each node should have only one clustered service running when both nodes are operational or have returned to operation. Which two options must be configured on each clustered service? (Choose all that apply.) A. Set the Allow failback option. B. Set the Prevent failback option. C. Set each service to have a different preferred owner. D. Set each resource to attempt restart on the current node. 25. An NLB cluster has three nodes. One of the cluster nodes has less hardware resources than the other two nodes and cannot handles as many connections. What would you need to do to reduce the number of connections that the NLB attempts to handle? A. Change the port rules on each node and set an appropriate load. B. Change the port rule on the underpowered server and set a higher number for load. C. Change the port rule on the underpowered server and set a lower number for load. D. Change the Affinity setting on the underpowered server to be Single. 61705flast.indd 41 6/27/08 9:36:07 AM
  43. 43. xlii  Answers to Assessment Test Answers to Assessment Test 1. B.  Using RAID-1 is only correct option because OS files and boot files cannot reside on RAID-5 disks. Striped and simple volumes are not redundant. 2. D.  A round robin configuration uses all available active paths and will distribute I/O in a balanced round robin fashion. Failover only uses a primary and standby paths, allowing for link failure. Weighted path assigns requests to the path with the least weight value. Dynamic Least Queue Depth routes requests to the path with the least number of outstanding requests. 3. D.  To install an application that does not use an MSI package, you must change the server mode to install mode. After the installation is complete, the server must be placed back in execute mode. A is incorrect because the disable command changes the mode so the user cannot establish a connection to the terminal server. B is incorrect because installing an application from the administrator’s session does not place the server into the correct mode. C is incorrect because the commands are in reversed order. 4. C.  Because the original RDP files where created on TSrv1, they will connect only to TSrv1, thus new RDP files will have to be created and distributed from TSrv2. Copying or re-creating the RDP files from TSrv1 won’t work because it will not change the connection path for the users. Configuring TS Session Broker Load Balancing won’t work because all the RDP files would have to point to the terminal server farm name. 5. A.  To enable Media Player 11 for the remote clients, the Desktop Experience feature must be installed. B and C are incorrect because they involve setting up the Aero desktop for remote desktop sessions. D is incorrect because there is no need for Media Server on the server. 6. B.  Per User CALs are available if only the TS license server is a member of a domain. 7. C.  If you enable and configure Set time limit for disconnected sessions, a time limit for disconnected session will be set and when the time limit is reached the session will be deleted from the server. The policy is useful to ensure that resources are released on the server. Although option A is possible, it is not the best way to accomplish this task. Restricting the user’s remote session will remove disconnected sessions. Putting the server in drain mode will not allow users to connect at all. 8. A.  The automatic connection requires an SSL connection (TCP port 443) to activate the license server with Microsoft Clearinghouse over the Internet. 9. B.  Medium and lower trust levels do not allow access to the Registry, so they would not be suitable levels for this application. High is the first level that allows the required access. Full allows too much access, so it is also not a valid answer. 10. C.  The messages are not being delivered because the default setting is to not allow relaying. The sending servers must be added to be allowed to relay. Enabling TLS encryption may secure the SMTP transmission, but it will not affect message delivery. Adding the servers to the exceptions will not allow the servers to communicate to the SMTP server at all. Enabling LDAP routing will allow email address lookups but will not affect delivery of email to the Internet. 61705flast.indd 42 6/27/08 9:36:07 AM
  44. 44. Answers to Assessment Test  xliii 11. B.  Since the IUSR_ServerName account has permission, Anonymous authentication will keep the server for prompting for credentials. 12. C.  The highest configuration number is the latest backup, so that would be correct backup to restore. The backup set named “Last Backup” would not be correct as it would have been manually run instead of done when a configuration change was made. When AppCmd add backup is run, it creates a new backup, not a restore, so it would also be an incorrect choice. 13. C, D.  C and D are correct because multicast streams reduce the impact on the server by producing a single stream that multiple users can connect to and broadcast publishing only allows the user to play the content. A and B are incorrect because unicast streams would not decrease the load on the server and on-demand publishing is for delivering content that the users can control. 14. B, C.  B and C are correct because AD RMS is the role that allows for better control of files and configuring rights policy templates would reduce the amount of administration needed because it allows the user to apply a preconfigured rights template. A is incorrect because, while SharePoint can control content access, it is not used to limit the amount of time a file is on a user’s computer or can be accessed. D is wrong because Active Directory Security Groups would still have to be administered by the IT staff and wouldn’t reduce the time spent on rights management. 15. C.  Options A and D would give the group more than the requested permissions. Option B would not allow the group to add content. Option C would allow them to contribute content. 16. A.  Option A is correct because any new applications require an IIS reset before they will be available to the end user. Option B is wrong because it is related to the Active Directory account and not the web application. Options C and D are incorrect because if the problem have been related to permissions, the WSS page that the users saw would have stated that they did not have permission to view this page. 17. C.  An operating system running in a virtual machine gets hypervisor aware once the Hyper-V Integration Components or Services are installed because it will support using the VMBus. 18. A, B, C, D.  All options are correct. 19. A.  The virtual machines can communicate with each other and with the host machine. That’s the definition for an internal only network. If they communicate only with each other, that’s called a private virtual network. If the virtual machines also can communicate with the external network, that’s called external. The last option assumes that no virtual network is configured at all, thus virtual machines cannot communicate with each other 20. C.  C is the correct answer because when a Windows Vista product is not activated, it will reduce the functionality of the machine until it is activated. Option A is incorrect because we have no indication that this is related to his user account. B is wrong because there is no solid evidence that this user has a virus. D is incorrect because this would not solve the issue of loss of functions. 61705flast.indd 43 6/27/08 9:36:07 AM
  45. 45. xliv  Answers to Assessment Test 21. B.  A and D are incorrect because they do not meet the request by the CIO to stay with normal budget. C is wrong because it would not reduce the time to install the operating systems. B is correct because it would meet the needs of the CIO. 22. D.  When WDS and DHCP are running on the same machine, it causes a conflict. Changing the port in the WDS server properties will resolve the issue. B and C are wrong because the image was added to the server and running WDSUTIL /start-server will start all the WDS services, but you have confirmed them as running. Option A is wrong because you have not been informed of any other issues related to DNS. 23. C, D.  Node and Disk Majority and Node and File Share Majority both allow for one of the nodes to be offline and still have quorum. Although No Majority: Disk Only allows for a node to be offline, the quorum shared disk is a single point of failure. Since there are only two nodes, both nodes have to be up if only Node Majority were chosen. 24. A, C.  The preferred owner would need to be set for each clustered service so that each service would have a different preferred owner. Also, the allow failback would have to be set to make sure that after a failure has been recovered, the clustered service would automatically fail back to the preferred owner. The prevent failback option would not allow the clustered service to automatically fail back to the preferred owner. Also, setting the resources to attempt to restart on the current node will not ensure that the clustered application is on the preferred node. 25. A.  For the load to be changed, each node would need to have compatible load settings. If load was changed on only one of the nodes, convergence would never complete. Also, changing the Affinity setting does not affect the number of connections to a particular node. 61705flast.indd 44 6/27/08 9:36:07 AM
  46. 46. Chapter 1 Windows Server 2008 Storage Services Microsoft Exam Objectives covered in this chapter: ÛÛ Configure storage. May include but is not limited to: RAID types, Virtual Disk Specification (VDS) API, Network Attached Storage, iSCSI and fibre channel Storage Area Networks, mount points. 61705c01.indd 1 6/27/08 10:21:44 AM
  47. 47. Disk storage is a requirement for just about every computer and application used in any corporate environment. Administrators have some familiarity with storage, whether it is internal storage, a locally attached set of disks, or network attached storage (NAS). In this chapter, we will examine the various aspects of Windows Server 2008 Storage Services. We’ll discuss the various types of storage technologies, but this chapter will primarily focus on iSCSI because of the new native features in Windows Server 2008. This chapter includes the following main topics: NN Initializing disks NN Dynamic and basic disks NN Volume sets NN RAID types NN Mount points NN Storage technologies (iSCSI, Fibre Channel, NAS) NN Virtual Disk Specification (VDS) NN Storage Manager for SANS NN Storage Explorer Storage in Windows Server 2008 What type of disks should be used? What type of RAID sets should be made? What type of hardware platform should be purchased? These are all questions that many administrators have to make when planning for storage in Windows Server 2008. In the following sections, we will attempt to answer these questions so that administrators can make the best decisions for their storage environment. We’ll cover the basics to prepare you to make these decisions when you’re either purchasing or configuring your storage solutions. Initializing Disks To begin this section, we must first discuss how to add disk drives to a server. Once a disk drive has been installed, it must be initialized by selecting the type of partition. There are 61705c01.indd 2 6/27/08 10:21:45 AM
  48. 48. Storage in Windows Server 2008  3 two types of partition styles used to initialize disks: Master Boot Record (MBR) and GUID Partition Table (GPT). MBR has a partition table that indicates where the partitions are located on the disk drive, and with this particular partition style, only volumes up to two terabytes (1,024 gigabytes) are supported. An MBR drive can have up to four primary partitions or three primary partitions and one extended partition that can be divided into unlimited logical drives. Windows Server 2008 can boot off only an MBR disk unless it is based on the Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI); then it can boot from GPT. An Itanium server is an example of EFI-based system. GPT is not constrained by the same limitations MBR is. In fact, a GPT disk drive can support volumes of up to 18 exabytes (1 million terabytes) and 128 partitions. As a result, GPT is recommended for disks larger than 2TB or disks used on Itanium-based computers. Exercise 1.1 demonstrates the process of initializing additional disk drives to an active computer running Windows Server 2008. E x e r c i se 1 . 1 Initializing Disk Drives Follow these steps to initialize disk drives: 1. Click Start  Administrative Tools  Server Manager. 2. Click and then expand Storage. 3. Select Disk Management. 4. After disk drives have been installed, right-click Disk Management and select Rescan Disks. 61705c01.indd 3 6/27/08 10:21:45 AM
  49. 49. 4  Chapter 1    Windows Server 2008 Storage Services n E x e r c i se 1 . 1   ( c o n t i n u e d ) 5. A pop-up box appears indicating that the server is scanning for new disks. 6. After the server has completed the scan, the new disk appears as Unknown. 7. Right-click the Unknown disk and select Initialize Disk. 61705c01.indd 4 6/27/08 10:21:45 AM
  50. 50. Storage in Windows Server 2008  5 E x e r c i se 1 . 1   ( c o n t i n u e d ) 8. A pop-up box appears asking for the partition style. For this exercise, choose MBR. 9. Click OK. The disk will now appear online as a basic disk with unallocated space. Working with Basic and Dynamic Disks Windows Server 2008 supports two types of disk configurations: basic and dynamic. Basic disks are divided into partitions and can be used with previous versions of Windows. Dynamic disks are divided into volumes and can be used with Windows 2000 Server and later releases. When a disk is initialized, it is automatically created as a basic disk, but when a new fault-tolerant volume set is created, the disks in the set are converted to dynamic disks. Fault-tolerance features and the ability to modify disks without having to reboot the server are what distinguish dynamic disks from basic disks. A basic disk can simply be converted to a dynamic disk without loss of data. When a basic disk is converted, the partitions are automatically changed to the appropriate volumes. However, converting a dynamic disk back to a basic disk is not as simple. First, all the data on the dynamic disk must be backed up or moved. Then all the volumes on the dynamic disk have to be deleted. The dynamic disk can then be converted to a basic disk. Partitions and logical drives can be created and the data restored. The following are actions that can be performed on basic disks: NN NN Mark partitions as active. NN Create and delete primary and extended partitions. NN Create and delete logical drives. NN 61705c01.indd 5 Format partitions. Convert from a basic disk to a dynamic disk. 6/27/08 10:21:45 AM
  51. 51. 6  Chapter 1    Windows Server 2008 Storage Services n The following are actions that can be performed on dynamic disks: NN Create and delete simple, striped, spanned, mirrored, or RAID-5 volumes. NN Remove or break a mirrored volume. NN Extend simple or spanned volumes. NN Repair mirrored or RAID-5 volumes. NN Convert from a dynamic disk to basic after deleting all volumes. In Exercise 1.2, you’ll convert a basic disk to a dynamic disk. E x e r c i se 1 . 2 Converting a Basic Disk to a Dynamic Disk Follow these steps to convert a basic disk to a dynamic disk: 1. Click Start  Administrative Tools  Server Manager. 2. Click and then expand Storage. 3. Select Disk Management. 4. Right-click a basic disk that you want to convert and select Convert to Dynamic Disk. 61705c01.indd 6 6/27/08 10:21:45 AM
  52. 52. Storage in Windows Server 2008  7 E x e r c i se 1 . 2   ( c o n t i n u e d ) 5. The Convert to Dynamic Disk dialog box appears. From here, select all the disks that you want to convert to dynamic disks. In this exercise, only Disk 2 will be converted. 6. Click OK. 7. The Convert to Dynamic Disk dialog box changes to the Disks to Convert dialog box and show the disk/disks that will be converted to dynamic disks. 8. Click Convert. 9. Disk Management will warn that if you convert the disk to dynamic, you will not be able to start the installed operating system from any volume on the disk (except the current boot volume). 10. Click Yes. The converted disk will now show as dynamic in Disk Management. 61705c01.indd 7 6/27/08 10:21:46 AM
  53. 53. 8  Chapter 1    Windows Server 2008 Storage Services n E x e r c i se 1 . 2   ( c o n t i n u e d ) Microsoft recommends using basic disks if you do not require spanned volumes, striped volumes, mirrored volumes, or RAID-5 volume sets. Working with Volume Sets A volume set is created from volumes that span multiple drives by using the free space from those drives to construct what will appear to be a single drive. The following list includes the various types of volume sets and their definitions: Simple volume  ​ ses only one disk or a portion of a disk. u Spanned volume  ​s a simple volume that spans multiple disks, with a maximum of 32. Use i a spanned volume if the volume needs are too great for a single disk. Striped volume  ​ tores data in stripes across two or more disks. A striped volume gives you s fast access to data but is not fault tolerant, nor can it be extended or mirrored. If one disk in the striped set fails, the entire volume fails. 61705c01.indd 8 6/27/08 10:21:46 AM
  54. 54. Storage in Windows Server 2008  9 Mirrored volume  ​ uplicates data across two disks. This type of volume is fault tolerant d because if one drive fails, the data on the other disk is unaffected. RAID-5 volume  ​ tores data in stripes across three or more disks. This type of volume is fault s tolerant because if a drive fails, the data can be re-created from the parity off the remaining disk drives. Operating system files and boot files cannot reside on the RAID-5 disks. Exercise 1.3 illustrates the procedure for creating a volume set. E x e r c i se 1 . 3 Creating a Volume Set Follow these steps to create a volume set: 1. Click Start  Administrative Tools  Server Manager. 2. Click and then expand Storage. 3. Select Disk Management. 4. Select and right-click a disk that has unallocated space. If there are no disk drives available for a particular volume set, that volume set will be grayed out as a selectable option. In this exercise, you’ll choose a spanned volume set, but the process after the volume set selection is the same regardless of which kind you choose. The only thing that differs is the amount of disk drives chosen. 61705c01.indd 9 6/27/08 10:21:46 AM
  55. 55. 10  Chapter 1    Windows Server 2008 Storage Services n E x e r c i se 1 . 3   ( c o n t i n u e d ) 5. The Welcome page of the New Spanned Volume Wizard appears and explains the type of volume set chosen. Click Next. 6. The Select Disks page appears. Select the disk that will be included with the volume set and click Add. Repeat this process until all the desired disks have been added. Click Next. 7. The Assign Drive Letter or Path page appears. From here you can select the desired drive letter for the volume, mount the volume in an empty NTFS folder, or choose to not assign a drive letter. The new volume is labeled as E. Click Next. 8. The Format Volume page appears. Choose to format the new volume. Click Next. 9. Click Finish. 10. If the disks have not been converted to dynamic, you will be asked to convert the disks. Click Yes. The new volume will appear as a healthy spanned dynamic volume with the new available disk space of new volume set. 61705c01.indd 10 6/27/08 10:21:46 AM
  56. 56. Storage in Windows Server 2008  11 E x e r c i se 1 . 3   ( c o n t i n u e d ) RAID Built into Windows Server 2008 is the ability to support drive sets and arrays using Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) technology. RAID can be used to enhance data performance, or it can be used to provide fault tolerance to maintain data integrity in case of a hard disk failure. Windows Server 2008 supports three different types of RAID technologies: RAID-0, RAID-1, and RAID-5. RAID-0  ​s also known as disk striping. Disk striping is using two or more volumes on i independent disks created as a single striped set. There can be a maximum of 32 disks. In a striped set, data is divided into blocks that are disturbed sequentially across all the drives in the set. With RAID-0, disk striping, you get very fast read and write performance because multiple blocks of data can be accessed off of multiple drives simultaneously. However, RAID-0 does not offer the ability to maintain data integrity during a single disk failure. In other words, RAID-0 is not fault tolerant; a single disk event will cause the entire striped set to be lost, and it will have to be re-created through some type of recovery process, such as a tape backup. 61705c01.indd 11 6/27/08 10:21:47 AM

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