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PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities
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PPTX - Research In Educational Technology: Expanding Possibilities

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  • Basic two site setup. CXP manages audio and video connections through venue. Sites will contribute multiple video streams. All information from venue is also put into the Archiver.CP3 runs on the instructor tablet withs student tablets connecting directly to the instructor. The instructor connects to displays at both sites. CP3 connects to the venue so that the content can also be stored in the archiver.
  • The 3 way setup between UW, Microsoft, and LUMS. The reason that two venues are used is that higher bandwidth is available between UW and MS – so high bandwidth video goes into venue 1, and lower bandwidth (256kbps) goes into venue 2
  • Transcript

    • 1. Expanding the reach of education through technology
      Richard Anderson
      Department of Computer Science and Engineering
      University of Washington
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      1
    • 2. Research in Educational Technology
      • How can computing technology enhance education?
      • 3. Focus on classroom instruction
      • 4. Challenges:
      • 5. Extending reach of education
      • 6. Increasing interaction
      • 7. Addressing problems of scale
      • 8. Facilitating expression of ideas
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      2
    • 9. Past and Current Research Projects
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      3
      Video conferenced
      distance education
      UW PMP
      DISC
      ConferenceXP
      Center for
      Collaborative
      Technologies
      Presentation
      systems
      Classroom
      Presenter 2.0
      Classroom
      Presenter 3.0
      Classroom
      interaction systems
      Classroom Feedback
      System
      CATs for CS1
      Structured Interaction
      Presentations
      (SIP)
      Student submissions
      with CP
      Tutored Video
      Instruction
      UW CC TVI
      Project
      Beihang TVI project
      Digital StudyHall
    • 10. Research Approach
      • Deployment driven
      • 11. Classroom use
      • 12. Technology development and promotion
      • 13. Goals and success criteria
      • 14. Adoption of technology and methodology
      • 15. Influence educational practice
      • 16. Target specific deployments
      • 17. Innovate in some aspect of deployment
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      4
    • 18. Today’s Talk
      Distance Learning and Video Conferenced Classes
      Tutored Video Instruction
      Digital Study Hall
      Educational Technology for Low Resource Environments
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      5
    • 19. Video Conferenced Teaching
      • Multi-site internet based audio-video conferencing
      • 20. UW Master’s Program
      • 21. Site-to-site courses between UW and Microsoft since Winter 1997
      • 22. www.cs.washington.edu/education/dl/course_index.html
      • 23. Master’s level courses
      • 24. Goal: interaction across sites
      • 25. Approximate single classroom
      • 26. Various technologies have been used since the program was introduced
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      6
    • 27. Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      7
    • 28. Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      8
    • 29. Distance Classes in UW CSE Master's Program
      • Initial phase
      • 30. Winter 1997 – Winter 2002
      • 31. Polycom + Netmeeting for PPT and SmartBoard
      • 32. MSR DISC Project
      • 33. Target: UW, CMU, UCB, Brown graduate class
      • 34. Spring 2002
      • 35. ConferenceXP
      • 36. Since Spring 2003
      • 37. Four way courses, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006
      • 38. UW, MSR, UCB, UCSD
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      9
    • 39. ConferenceXP
      • High quality, low latency video to support interactive classes
      • 40. High bandwidth internet video conferencing
      • 41. Internet2
      • 42. Multicast
      • 43. Single machine deployment
      • 44. High end PC
      • 45. Performance limit: handling multiple high resolutions video streams
      • 46. Innovative presentation tools
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      10
    • 47. Initial Challenges (Spring 2002)
      • What went wrong
      • 48. Technology and systems failures
      • 49. Multicast networking
      • 50. High cost of interruptions
      • 51. Audio
      • 52. Loss of trust
      • 53. Room configuration issues
      • 54. Lack of control of lecture room
      • 55. Production quality
      • 56. Meta lesson
      • 57. Learn more from failures than from successes
      • 58. How to Fail at VideoConferenced Teaching
      • 59. Microsoft Faculty Summit 2002
      • 60. Anderson & Beavers
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      11
    • 61. Success in distance classes
      Goals
      Real time interaction between sites
      High quality video
      Challenges
      High bandwidth connections
      Multicast vs. Unicast
      Classroom Audio
      Establishing a pattern of interaction
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      12
    • 62. Going International
      March 29, 2008, LACCIR Meeting
      Latin American and Carribbean Collaboration for ICT Research
      Seattle and University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
      Seminar presentation
      October 15, 2008
      CXP Unicast reflector
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      13
    • 63. Masters class, UW - Pakistan
      Masters class
      University of Washington
      Lahore University of Management Science
      Microsoft
      Computing for the Developing world
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      14
    • 64. Technical Challenges
      Ensuring adequate bandwidth
      Limited bandwidth to Pakistan
      Reliability
      Multicast
      Ensuring this did not compromise UW-MS class
      Limited time to prepare
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      15
    • 65. Basic PMP setup (2 sites)
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      16
      CXP
      Video cameras
      Video cameras
      PMP VENUE
      Audio
      Audio
      Video Displays
      Video Displays
      Speakers
      Speakers
      UW
      Microsoft
      Archiver
      Student Tablets
      Student Tablets
      CP3
      Display
      CP3
      Instructor
      CP3
      Display
      CP3
    • 66. 3-way setup for UW, MS, LUMS
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      17
      Microsoft
      LUMS
      CP3
      CP3
      PMP Venue 1
      PMP Venue 2
      Archiver
      UW
      CP3
      Server
      CP3
    • 67. Use of Classroom Presenter
      Tablet PC based presentation and classroom interaction system
      Ink based presentation
      Classroom Activites
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      18
    • 68. Classroom Presenter
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      19
      Student
      Instructor
      Public Display
      Student
    • 69. Classroom Activities
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      20
    • 70. Project status
      High connectivity for 9 out of 10 classes
      One lecture originated from Pakistan
      Only failure was on the UW-Microsoft Link (which also brought down UW-Pakistan)
      Improved audio (microphone issues)
      Participation of students from Pakistan
      Student submissions
      Questions and discussions
      Multiple rounds of audio communication
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      21
    • 71. Key lessons
      Participants must have incentive for a distance course
      Instructor need to make an effort to create multisite interaction
      Active participants at remote sites help
      Time zones and scheduling are major issues
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      22
    • 72. Tutored Video Instruction
      • Video recorded lectures shown with facilitator
      • 73. Original model: lectures stopped by students for discussion
      • 74. Peer tutors
      • 75. Developed by Jim Gibbons at Stanford University
      • 76. Positive results reported in Science [1977]
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      23
    • 77. UW TVI Projects
      Introductory programming
      Address community college articulation
      Experiment with alternate approaches to introductory computing instruction
      UW – Beihang Algorithms course
      Offering of UW Algorithms course in China
      Digital StudyHall
      Primary education in rural India
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      24
    • 78. Tutored Video Instruction
      Recorded lecture materials
      Generally based on live classes
      Class model
      Lecture playback alternating with facilitator led discussion
      Facilitation models
      Gibbons: Peer instruction
      Active facilitation
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      25
    • 79. UW-Beihang Algorithms Class
      Offer a course in Beijing based on UW course
      UW instructor could not teach the course in China
      Scheduling prevented a live course offering
      1:30 pm in Seattle is 4:30 am in Beijing
      Materials captured from live class
      Tutored Video Instruction
      Slides, talking head, digital ink
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      26
    • 80. Involvement with Remote Site
      Set up visit
      Met with Teaching Assistants
      Tested all technology
      Trained Teaching Assistants in facilitation
      Gave classes to students to demonstrate technology and TVI
      Midterm visit
      Observed classes
      Gave lecture without recorded video
      Regular communication with Teaching Assistants
      Data collection
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      27
    • 81. Course Delivery
      Applications displayed
      Webviewer for video replay
      Classroom Presenter
      Teaching Assistants would show video or show CP for inking on slides or classroom interaction
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      28
    • 82. Summary of Project Results
      Offering successful
      Technology, institutional relationship
      Cross-cultural issues
      English language materials were comprehensible
      Classroom discussion primarily in Chinese
      Facilitation model
      Significant support for facilitators
      Classroom activities successful (and popular)
      Facilitators innovative and reproduced some of the instruction
      Interactive and informal classroom atmosphere
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      29
    • 83. Language Issues
      Lectures delivered in English
      Language exposure consider to be a positive side effect of the course
      Teaching assistants facilitated in English
      But discussions were generally in Chinese
      Students reported using lectures outside of class
      Instructor observations from site visit
      Chinese students had substantially more English listening than speaking experience
      Recorded lectures did contain some colloquial usage and cultural specific references which were lost
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      30
    • 84. Facilitation
      Support provided for facilitators
      Lecture notes
      Activities
      Facilitators invested a larger effort in preparation
      Studying videos
      Planning how to cover content
      Active facilitation
      Worked through lecture examples
      Led activities
      Asked questions to students
      Example: facilitators working through example from lecture slides
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      31
      Instructor
      Facilitator A
      Facilitator C
      Facilitator B
    • 85. Classroom Activities
      Tablet PC supported activities
      Student submission model
      Used for every lecture
      Technology generally successful
      Considered very positive by students
      High rate of participation
      Provided a structure for active learning
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      32
    • 86. Classroom Environment
      Contrast to traditional large lecture class
      Highly interactive class
      Interaction episodes measured by observation logs and videos of Beihang classes
      Average of 13 interaction episodes per class, 10 with students speaking
      UW class averaged about 20 interaction episodes per equivalent length of time
      Beihang episodes averaged a greater number of rounds of communication
      Class atmosphere was informal
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      33
    • 87. Results
      • Offering successful
      • 88. Technology, institutional relationship
      • 89. Cross-cultural issues
      • 90. English language materials were comprehensible
      • 91. Classroom discussion primarily in Chinese
      • 92. Facilitation model
      • 93. Significant support for facilitators
      • 94. Classroom activities successful (and popular)
      • 95. Facilitators innovative and reproduced some of the instruction
      • 96. Interactive and informal classroom atmosphere
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      34
    • 97. Digital StudyHall
      • Affiliated Project
      • 98. Collaboration with Randy Wang in Lucknow
      • 99. Tutored Video Instruction for primary education in rural India
      • 100. YouTube + Netflix
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      35
    • 101. Key components
      A people’s database
      Mediation based pedagogy
      Hub and spoke model
      Content distribution by DVD
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      36
    • 102. Status: network of hubs and spokes
      • Operational hubs in Lucknow, Calcutta, Pune, and Bangladesh
      • 103. Each hub works with a number of poor village or slum schools
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      37
    • 104. Digital StudyHall Evaluation Study
      Classroom study starts July 2009
      Two year study
      12 schools in Uttar Pradesh
      12 DSH Classrooms
      12 Traditional Classrooms
      Evaluate Learning gains through pretest/posttest
      Classroom observations
      Study impact on teachers
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      38
    • 105. What we’ve learned from all of this
      • Value of electronic materials in the process of classroom instruction
      • 106. Tools for teaching
      • 107. Teacher and students drive the process
      • 108. Flexible and unpredictable use
      • 109. Importance of high reliability
      • 110. And attention to address issues
      • 111. Broader context – interplay of technology and other issues
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      39
    • 112. Educational Technology for Low Resource Environments
      Facilitated Video Instruction
      Biggest opportunity to enhance expertise
      Synchronous Distance
      Limited applications – but some specific cases of interest
      Classroom capture
      Classroom Computing
      Computer lab and individual devices
      Computing Education
      Lack of technical literacy is a limiting factor
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      40
    • 113. Facilitated Video Instruction
      Recorded video with a facilitator
      Take advantage of expertise
      Facilitator has very important role
      Applicable to a broad range of educational domains
      Primary and secondary
      Health
      Agriculture
      Vocational
      College
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      41
    • 114. Facilitated Video Instruction
      Applicability for low resource environments
      Low cost
      Replay (TV + DVD)
      Digital Video + PC based editing
      Locally created content
      Key components
      Facilitation methodology
      Support for facilitator
      Program structure
      Content creation through delivery
      Technology
      Video production tool chain
      Content distribution
      Delivery
      Feedback and monitoring
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      42
    • 115. Synchronous Distance Education
      Bandwidth is a significant issue
      Low bandwidth + high cost
      May be relevant for institutional outreach programs
      Arvind Eye Hospital, Tamil Nadu, India
      International medical education
      Positive side effect: classroom capture
      Risk: Driven by need to justify infrastructure – not for educational needs
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      43
    • 116. Classroom Computing
      School based computing
      Risk: deployments leading educational goals
      Challenge: maximize benefits of “computers for schools initiatives”
      Models
      Low cost educational devices
      Classmate, OLPC, Asus eee, …
      Shared use
      Multipoint
      School server
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      44
    • 117. Computing Education
      Shortage of trained professionals
      Hostile Computing Ecosystem
      Very high virus infection
      Poorly administered machines
      Solutions
      Computing practices and maintenance
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      45
    • 118. For more information
      • Richard Anderson
      • 119. anderson@cs.washington.edu
      • 120. Classroom Presenter
      • 121. http://www.cs.washington.edu/education/dl/presenter/
      • 122. Center for Collaborative Technologies at UW
      • 123. http://cct.cs.washington.edu/
      • 124. Digital StudyHall
      • 125. http://dsh.cs.washington.edu/
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      46
    • 126. Acknowledgements
      • Support from Microsoft Research, National Science Foundation, HP, Ford, UW CSE
      • 127. Jay Beavers, Jane Prey, Randy Hinrichs, Chris Moffatt, Jason Van Eaton, Paul Oka, Steve Wolfman, Ken Yasuhara, Andrew Whitaker, Ruth Anderson, Craig Prince, Valentin Razmov, Natalie Linnell, Krista Davis, Jonathon Su, Sara Su, Peter Davis, Tammy VanDeGrift, Joe Tront, Alon Halevy, Gaetano Borriello, Ed Lazowska, Hal Perkins, Susan Eggers, Fred Videon, Rod Prieto, Oliver Chung, Crystal Hoyer, Beth Simon, Eitan Feinberg, Julia Schwarz, Jim Fridley, Tom Hinkley, Ning Li, Jing Li, Luo Jie, Jiangfeng Chen, Melody Kadenko, Julie Svendsen, Shannon Gillmore
      Dec 15, 2008
      Microsoft Learning
      47

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