BİYOİSTATİSTİK – TIP BİLİŞİMİ ENTEGRASYONU Prof. Dr. Ergun KARAAĞAOĞLU Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Biyoistatistik ve Tıp Bilişimi Anabilim Dalı
Bilişim, bilgiile, bilgininyapısı, iletişimivekullanımıileilgilenir. Günümüzdetoplumlargiderekdahabilgiyoğunolmayabaşladıklarından, bilgiyitoplamak, yönetmekvemodellemekiçinyeniyöntemleriöğrenme, geliştirmeveuygulamayaolangereksinimlerigiderekartmaktadır. Bu,özellikletıpalanında daha da belirgindir.
Bilgi Teknolojilerinin genel kullanımı arttıkça, sağlık sektöründe de hasta yönetimi ve bakımının iyileştirilmesi için tıbbi bilginin toplanması, organizasyonu, analizi ve yayılmasına yönelik çalışmalar giderek önem kazanmıştır. Sağlık – Tıp bilişimi de bilgi teknolojilerini kullanarak son yıllarda hızlı gelişme yakalamıştır.
Sağlık – Tıp Bilişimi Profesyonelleri Klinik Bilişim (ClinicalInformatics) Bilgi ve İletişim Teknolojileri (Information & CommunicationTechnology) Bilgi Yönetimi : Veri toplama, analiz, yorumlama ve sunum
Medical informatics is the intersection of information science, computer science, and health care. It deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and biomedicine. Health informatics tools include not only computers but also clinical guidelines, formal medical terminologies, and information and communication systems. It is applied to the areas of nursing, clinical care, dentistry, pharmacy, public health and (bio)medical research.
Aspects of the field: architectures for electronic medical records and other health information systems used for billing, scheduling, and research decision support systems in healthcare, including clinical decision support systems standards (e.g. DICOM, HL7) and integration profiles (e.g. Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise) to facilitate the exchange of information between healthcare information systems - these specifically define the means to exchange data, not the content
Applications of biostatistics Public health, including epidemiology, health services research, nutrition, and environmental health Design and analysis of clinical trials in medicine Genomics, population genetics, and statistical genetics in order to link variation in genotype with a variation in phenotype. This has been used in agriculture to improve crops and farm animals (animal breeding). In biomedical research, this work can assist in finding candidates for gene alleles that can cause or influence predisposition to disease in human genetics Ecology, ecological forecasting Biological sequence analysis Biostatisticalmethods are beginning to be integrated into medical informatics, public health informatics, and bioinformatics
The University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health houses the Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics.Serving as a resource for clinical and basic science investigators. A major goal of the Department faculty and staff is to collaborate in the design, conduct, and analyses of laboratory, clinical, and epidemiologic studies and clinical trials in a variety of biomedical disciplines and departments. In addition, faculty conduct research in statistical methodology and computational methods and participate in several graduate and postdoctoral training programs.
The Department of Biostatistics & Medical Informatics is organized into three research and training programs: Biostatistics, Clinical Trials, and Medical Informatics. In addition, the Biomedical Computing Group (BCG) provides computer support for the Department, the UW Comprehensive Cancer Center and other research groups. Many of our faculty members have joint appointments with other schools and/or departments including Statistics, Computer Sciences, Preventive Medicine, Nursing, Business, Educational Sciences, and Animal Sciences.
Biostatistics Program Training M.S. and Ph.D. programs The Department of Statistics, in collaboration with the Medical School's Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, offers both an M.S. and a Ph.D. with Emphasis in Biostatistics. The Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics has faculty with joint appointments in Statistics as well as over 20 other faculty and staff who are involved in the design and analysis of clinical trials, genetics, and other clinical, epidemiological and laboratory experiments.
Summer Programs for Undergraduates The Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics conducts two complementary summer programs for undergraduates with an interest in the quantitative sciences. These programs aim to introduce students to the opportunities in biostatistics and bioinformatics through instruction and hands-on work with real data. The Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics also administers two certificate programs in bioinformatics.
UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY OF CRAIOVA Objective MASTER DEGREE IN MEDICAL INFORMATICS & BIOSTATISTICS (MDMI&B) In more and more countries, also in Romania, Medical Informatics & Biostatistics is an officially recognized profession, thus offering access to a very interesting and promising emerging segment of the labor market.
Türkiye’de Durum Nedir? Biyoistatistik Anabilim Dalı Biyoistatistik ve Tıp Bilişimi – Tıbbi Bilişim Anabilim Dalı Tıp Eğitimi ve Bilişimi Anabilim Dalları Tıp Eğitimi ve Bilişimi Anabilim Dallarının kapatılması Biyoistatistik ve Tıp Bilişimi Anabilim Dalı YL VE DOKTORA PROGRAMLARI BİYOİSTATİSTİK TIP BİLİŞİMİ BİYOİNFORMATİK
Fırsatlar: Birlikte Çalışabilirlik Biyoistatistik Tıp Mühendislik Genetik-Biyoloji Görüntüleme teknikleri Elektronik sağlık kayıtları, Nüfus kayıtları Nüfusun yapısının ve buna bağlı olarak hastalıklardaki değişim
VERİ BİLGİ Araçlar Veri madenciliği teknikleri, machinelearning (İstatistiksel öğrenme), karar destek sistemleri, yeni yazılımlar.