What is Classroom Management? “Classroom management is thepractices and procedures thatallow teachers to teach andstudents to learn.”
Classroom ManagementTeacher’s Instructional Procedures & Discipline Role Strategies Routines
The Ideal Teacher:• Enjoys students. • Is enthusiastic about the• Uses different teaching subject. techniques. • Is willing to listen to both• Has a great sense of humor. sides of an issue.• Acts like an adult and not a • Has a reputation for giving child (or high school challenging work. student). • Isn’t a pushover. Keeps• Keeps promises. misbehaving students in• Is organized. line. • Keeps everyone busy.• Knows the subject matter. • Does not have favorites.• Admits when he or she is wrong. • Is polite to everyone all of• Uses a pleasant voice. the time. • Is friendly and fair.
The Teacher-Student Relationship1. You should show that you care about your students. Attend sporting events, ask about their hobbies, make a connection.2. You should have a thorough knowledge of your subject matter. Being prepared builds trust.3. You should take command of the class. If you are not the classroom leader, the students will gladly assume the position.4. You should act in a mature manner all of the time. Don’t be sarcastic. Don’t tell lies. Don’t lose your temper.5. You should maintain a certain emotional distance between yourself and your students. Students have peers. They need you to teach.
Dressing Appropriately• According to Harry Wong, “We are walking, talking advertisements for who we are.”• Educators should dress for respect, credibility, acceptance, and authority.
Effective Instruction• A structured and instructionally sound classroom will eliminate a majority of misbehaviors.• Two important key factors are: Room arrangement Time management
Movement is the key• Be able to have quick access to any student at any time.• Be comfortable moving around your room during instructional periods.• Being in close proximity to a student is an effective deterrent.
Effective Time Management• The more engaged a student is the better he behaves.• Students tend to be more distracted during these 3 phases of instruction: » The beginning of class » Transitions » The end of class
Ideas for the Beginning of Class• It is ESSENTIAL that • Have your students: the students have an – Create a test question. activity to complete as – Illustrate important soon as the bell rings. information.• Take roll while the – Scan the day’s reading assignment. students are working – Take a mini-quiz. on the assignment. – Draw a cartoon. – Summarize the previous day’s topic.
Managing Transitions• Julia G. Thompson suggests the following techniques: Time students between transitions. Provide students with a checklist of the day’s activities. Give students activities to “sponge” any dead time. • List ten words associated with the lesson today. • Defend your position on… • Make flashcards for this unit. • Circle the key words from yesterday’s notes.
Ending Class Without Chaos• The end of class should be as structured as the beginning.• Closing exercises will provide a constructive review of the day’s • Some more ideas to try lesson. from Julia G. Thompson:• Be sure that you – Chain Games – Rapid-fire drills dismiss the students – Predict the next lesson and not the bell. – Review homework directions – Show a relevant cartoon – Play a game for bonus points
An Effective Discipline Plan• The 3 most important student behaviors to teach on the first days of school are: – Discipline – Procedures – Routines “If you do not have a plan, you are planning to fail.”
Your Discipline Plan Class Rules Abide by the Rule Break the RulePositive Consequences: Negative Consequences: REWARDS PENALTIES
The Rules About Rules• Wong writes, “The function of a rule is to prevent or encourage behavior by clearly stating student expectations.”General Rules: Specific Rules: Respect others. Be in class on time. Be polite and helpful. Keep your hands, feet, and objects to yourself. What are the advantages and disadvantages to both?
Creating Your Class Rules• Only have 3 to 5 rules• State rules positively.• Make the rules easy for you and your students to remember.• Be able to enforce the rules consistently.• Remember: – Rules deal with behavior, not procedures.
Rewards• Harry Wong emphasizes, “The best reward is the satisfaction of a job well done.”• Some examples include: » Praise » A note home (Good News Cards) » Student of the day, week, or month » Tangible rewards » Work posted » Certificates of Honour
Penalties • Time out • Demerit or fine • Detention • Assignment to write ways to correct problem • Being last to leave • Loss of reward • Exclusion of class participation
Procedures to Consider • Asking a question• Entering the classroom• Getting to work • Responding to fire, severe weather, and immediately tornado drills• End of class dismissal • Leaving the classroom• Participating in class • When visitors arrive discussions • Keeping a notebook• Changing groups • Interruptions• Turning in papers• When you finish early • Getting classroom materials From The First Days of School, by Harry Wong
You Must Teach Procedures! EXPLAIN REHEARSE REINFORCE
4 Actions That Helped Me and Will Help You Too!• Maintain a professional relationship with students and fellow colleagues.• Be fair and consistent with students regardless of who they are.• Use class time wisely to avoid misbehaviors.• Take an interest in students’ extracurricular activities.