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Highlights of Road Traffic
Accidents In Ethiopia
In 1995 EC (2003 GC)
• Above 1,800 people died due to road accident
• Abo...
Road traffic accidents occur
due to defects or errors of
Road Environment
 Roads
 Weather
 Light condition
Vehicles
 M...
COMBINATIONS OF THESE FACTORS
CAUSE ROAD ACCIDENTS
Road
Environment

Road
User

Road user and
Road
environment

Vehicle

R...
-

ncidences
Incidence
Unknow n case

Others cases

Collusion w ith train

Collusion w ith inanimate object

Collusion w i...
Y1
99
4
Y1
99
Y1 5
99
Y1 6
99
7
Y1
99
Y1 8
99
Y2 9
00
0
Y2
00
Y2 1
00
2
Y2
00
3

Fatalty rate per 10,000
vehicles

1994 to...
Mean annual casualties by category

Casuality number

4,500
4,000
3,500

Severity
Light
Serious
Death

3,000
2,500
2,000
1...
Mean annual personnel injury accidents related to causes
4,500

Severity

3,500
3,000

Light

2,500
2,000

Serious

1,500
...
Distribution of vehicles as %age of total
buses
trucks>100q
4%
4%
trucks<100Q
30%

tankers
2%

buses
trucks>100q
tankers
A...
Accident rate Per 10,000 vehicles
buses

Trucks
<100q

Trucks
>100q

tankers

Automobil St.wagon
e

Taxi+
Minibus

Death

...
1,200
1,000
Severity

800
Light injury

600

Heavy injury
Death

400

ut
om
ob
ile
S
t.w
ag
on
Ta
xi
+M
in
ib
us

A

ta
nk...
THE ACCIDENT RECORDS SHOW THAT THE MAIN
ROAD SAFETY PROBLEMS IN ETHIOPIA ARE
• DRIVERS NOT RESPECTING PEDESTRIAN PRIORITY
...
STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMS FOR
ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENTS
 Establish the National Road Safety Coordinating Council
 Establish...
OBSERVATION 1
PERSONNEL INJURY ACCIDENT
CAUSES FOR 1990 TO 1994 WERE
1. PEDESTRIAN STRIKE ---------- 68 %
2. OVERTURN ----...
OBSERVATION 2
PERSONNEL INJURY CASUALITY
FIGURES FOR 1990 TO 1994 SHOW

1. Pedestrians -------------- 48 %
2. Passengers -...
OBSERVATION 4
FROM 1990 TO 1994 PERSONNEL
INJURY ACCIDENTS OCCURED DUE TO
THE FOLLOWING ERRORS
1. DRIVER ERROR -----------...
Road Safety Programs Implemented


Strengthening drivers’ training and testing procedure. The drivers’ training
and testi...
Road Safety Programs Implemented






(CONTINUED)

Children road safety education. The ministry of Education has devel...
Road Safety Programs Implemented




(CONTINUED)

Hazardous location identification. Studies have been made to identify
...
The goal of the national road safety program is to
bring the present fatality rate of 136 per 10,000
vehicles to 54 by the...
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06 safety ethiopia

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Transcript of "06 safety ethiopia"

  1. 1. Highlights of Road Traffic Accidents In Ethiopia In 1995 EC (2003 GC) • Above 1,800 people died due to road accident • Above 7,000 people are crippled or injured • 53 % of deaths involve pedestrians • 31 % of of pedestrian deaths are students • The death rate is 136 per 10,000 vehicles, • Over 400 Million Birr is lost yearly as a result
  2. 2. Road traffic accidents occur due to defects or errors of Road Environment  Roads  Weather  Light condition Vehicles  Motorized  Non motorized Road Users  Drivers  Pedestrians  Cyclists  Animals
  3. 3. COMBINATIONS OF THESE FACTORS CAUSE ROAD ACCIDENTS Road Environment Road User Road user and Road environment Vehicle Road user and Vehicle Road users, Vehicles and Roads environment Vehicles and Road environment
  4. 4. - ncidences Incidence Unknow n case Others cases Collusion w ith train Collusion w ith inanimate object Collusion w ith parked car Fall from vehicle Animal strike Pedestrian strike Turned over Side to side crash Front and side crash Front and back crash Front crash Accident numbers Personnel injury road accidents related to incidences 4,000 Severity 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 Light Serious Death 1,000 500
  5. 5. Y1 99 4 Y1 99 Y1 5 99 Y1 6 99 7 Y1 99 Y1 8 99 Y2 9 00 0 Y2 00 Y2 1 00 2 Y2 00 3 Fatalty rate per 10,000 vehicles 1994 to 2003 Fatalty Rate 250 200 150 100 Rates 50 - Year
  6. 6. Mean annual casualties by category Casuality number 4,500 4,000 3,500 Severity Light Serious Death 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 Pedestrians Passengers Category Drivers
  7. 7. Mean annual personnel injury accidents related to causes 4,500 Severity 3,500 3,000 Light 2,500 2,000 Serious 1,500 1,000 Death 500 Causes n Un kn ow Ot he rs er r or s or er r er r ria n Pe de st Ro ad or or er r Ve hic le er e rr o r - Dr iv Accident num bers 4,000
  8. 8. Distribution of vehicles as %age of total buses trucks>100q 4% 4% trucks<100Q 30% tankers 2% buses trucks>100q tankers Automobile Taxi+Mini 11% St.w agon 6% Automobile 43% St.wagon Taxi+Mini trucks<100Q
  9. 9. Accident rate Per 10,000 vehicles buses Trucks <100q Trucks >100q tankers Automobil St.wagon e Taxi+ Minibus Death 349 191 136 105 12 138 130 Heavy injury 374 213 130 83 35 248 252 Light injury 351 181 93 57 106 344 431 Property damage 1,335 608 711 542 322 1,269 1,072
  10. 10. 1,200 1,000 Severity 800 Light injury 600 Heavy injury Death 400 ut om ob ile S t.w ag on Ta xi +M in ib us A ta nk er s - tr uc ks <1 00 q tr uc ks >1 00 q 200 bu se s Accidents per 10,000 vehicles Personnel injury accidents related to vehicle category Vehicle category
  11. 11. THE ACCIDENT RECORDS SHOW THAT THE MAIN ROAD SAFETY PROBLEMS IN ETHIOPIA ARE • DRIVERS NOT RESPECTING PEDESTRIAN PRIORITY • OVER SPEEDING • UNSAFE UTILIZATION OF FREIGHT VEHICLES FOR PASSENGER TRANSPORT • POOR SKILL AND UNDECIPLINED BEHAVIOR OF DRIVERS • PEDESTRIANS NOT TAKING PROPER PRECAUTIONS • ANIMALS AND ANIMAL-DRAWN CARTS ON ROADWAYS • OVER LOADED OR IMPROPERLY LOADED VEHICLES • WEAK TRAFFIC LAW ENFORCEMENT • LACK OF PROPER EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES • ENGINEERING EFFORTS MAY NOT CONSIDER SAFETY • POOR VEHICLE CONDITIONS
  12. 12. STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMS FOR ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENTS  Establish the National Road Safety Coordinating Council  Establish regional road safety coordinating committees in each region  Establish road safety engineering units in roads authorities  Implement mandatory 3rd party vehicle insurance law  Improve driver training and testing           Implement defensive driving for professional drivers Strengthen targeted traffic law enforcement Implement stringent vehicle testing procedure Implement traffic safety education for children Promote road safety publicity on speed limits and pedestrian priority Improve accident data collection and processing system Develop hazardous location maps for safety measures Implement road safety audit and engineering measures Promote emergency medical service improvements Implement research on road safety publicity and accident costing
  13. 13. OBSERVATION 1 PERSONNEL INJURY ACCIDENT CAUSES FOR 1990 TO 1994 WERE 1. PEDESTRIAN STRIKE ---------- 68 % 2. OVERTURN ------------------------ 13 % 3. FALL FROM VEHICLE --------- 6 % 4. ANIMAL STRIKE ----------------- 3 % 5. ALL OTHERS TOGATHER -----10 %
  14. 14. OBSERVATION 2 PERSONNEL INJURY CASUALITY FIGURES FOR 1990 TO 1994 SHOW 1. Pedestrians -------------- 48 % 2. Passengers --------------- 46 % 3. Drivers -------------------- 07 %
  15. 15. OBSERVATION 4 FROM 1990 TO 1994 PERSONNEL INJURY ACCIDENTS OCCURED DUE TO THE FOLLOWING ERRORS 1. DRIVER ERROR --------------- 81% 2. VEHICLE ERROR -------------- 5% 3. PEDESTRIAN ERROR --------- 4% 4. ROAD + OTHERS ERROR --- 10%
  16. 16. Road Safety Programs Implemented  Strengthening drivers’ training and testing procedure. The drivers’ training and testing procedures have been revised and strengthened to ensure improvement of the drivers’ skill. The revised procedures are now being implemented at all levels.  Defensive driving. Studies have shown that professional drivers’ cause most of the personnel injury accidents in the country. In order to improve their skills and behavior defensive driving program has been implemented in the training programs of professional drivers. Further, transport associations and organizations have been made aware of the need to establish a safety unit to cater for their safety improvement programs. Upto now some 10 such organizations have established such units in their organizational structure.  Strengthening the technical inspection of vehicles. The annual technical inspection procedure has been made more stringent and is being implemented starting this September. Further, random inspections on roadsides and at bus terminals have been implemented in 3 regions. Other regions are expected to follow up this development.
  17. 17. Road Safety Programs Implemented    (CONTINUED) Children road safety education. The ministry of Education has developed and issued directives with intensive road safety syllabus in both the basic education and extra curriculum activities for all the primary schools to adopt for this education year. This procedure is in line with the national road safety program in schools. Road safety publicity. At the national level one TV program and two radio programs are broadcasted each week to develop the road safety awareness of the public. Also a weekly radio program on road safety has been started by Amhara region. A zonal once a week radio program has also been started by Wolaita zone in the Southern region. Some 5.5 million people have also been given road safety briefings in 5 regional states in the previous year alone. Targeted traffic law enforcement. Speed has been identified in the studies made as one of the major factors in road accidents involving personnel injuries. Preliminary results of a 4 months of test period have shown significant reduction in the percentage of violators. The traffic police of Oromia region has adopted this effective speed control system and is taking penalty actions along the major route to the southern part of the country. Additional radars will be purchased to intensify such controls.
  18. 18. Road Safety Programs Implemented   (CONTINUED) Hazardous location identification. Studies have been made to identify the  hazardous locations of Addis Ababa city and the major highways of the country. At present such a study for the Addis Ababa-Awassa road segment is near completion. Even at this state the result shows that this concept is very valuable in identifying the location with frequent accidents and designing the safety measures needed to reduce accidents. Pedestrian awareness. The accident data shows that 68% of personnel injury accidents in our country involve pedestrians. Students have participated in some towns to educate pedestrians to take proper precautions to avoid road accidents. Others are following the examples of such towns. Ambo is one such town to be noted. It is also important to note that some of the regions have started to sensitize the communities along the highways to protect road signs and posts from vandalism and damage. Good examples in this relation are Dawro and South Omo zones in SNNP region, which not only sensitized the communities but also took measures to recover lost signs and in some cases brought to court the offenders.
  19. 19. The goal of the national road safety program is to bring the present fatality rate of 136 per 10,000 vehicles to 54 by the year 2010. The observed collaborative effort of the concerned private and government organizations at federal and regional levels and the concern of the public is a strong basis for the confidence that this target will be achieved.
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