Team and work team. organizational behaviour 13 edition

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Team and work team. organizational behaviour 13 edition

  1. 1. Organization BehaviorUnderstanding Work Teams
  2. 2. Presented to : Sir Ahmed TismanPresented by: Muhammad Aatif Aneeq
  3. 3. BZUPAGES.COM Why Have Teams Become So Popular  Teams typically outperform individuals.  Teams use employee talents better.  Teams are more flexible and responsive to changes in the environment.  Teams facilitate employee involvement.  Teams are an effective way to democratize and organization and increase motivation.9–3 Department of Information Technology
  4. 4. BZUPAGES.COM Team Versus Group: What’s the Difference Work Group A group that interacts primarily to share information and to make decisions to help each group member perform within his or her area of responsibility. Work Team A group whose individual efforts result in a performance that is greater than the sum of the individual inputs.9–4 Department of Information Technology
  5. 5. BZUPAGES.COM Comparing Work Groups and Work Teams E X H I B I T 9–1 E X H I B I T 9–19–5 Department of Information Technology
  6. 6. BZUPAGES.COM Types of Teams Problem-Solving Teams Groups of 5 to 12 employees from the same department who meet for a few hours each week to discuss ways of improving quality, efficiency, and the work environment. Self-Managed Work Teams Groups of 10 to 15 people who take on the responsibilities of their former supervisors.9–6 Department of Information Technology
  7. 7. BZUPAGES.COM Types of Teams (cont’d) Cross-Functional Teams Employees from about the same hierarchical level, but from different work areas, who come together to accomplish a task. • Task forces • Committees9–7 Department of Information Technology
  8. 8. BZUPAGES.COM Types of Teams (cont’d) Virtual Teams Teams that use computer technology to tie together physically dispersed members in order to achieve a common goal. Team Characteristics Team Characteristics 1. The absence of paraverbal and nonverbal cues 1. The absence of paraverbal and nonverbal cues 2. A limited social context 2. A limited social context 3. The ability to overcome time and space constraints 3. The ability to overcome time and space constraints9–8 Department of Information Technology
  9. 9. BZUPAGES.COMA Virtual Team Work Department of Information Technology
  10. 10. BZUPAGES.COM Turning Individuals Into Team Players  The Challenges  Overcoming individual resistance to team membership.  Countering the influence of individualistic cultures.  Introducing teams in an organization that has historically valued individual achievement.  Shaping Team Players  Selecting employees who can fulfill their team roles.  Training employees to become team players.  Reworking the reward system to encourage cooperative efforts while continuing to recognize individual contributions.9–10 Department of Information Technology
  11. 11. BZUPAGES.COM Teams and Quality Management  Team Effectiveness and Quality Management Requires That Teams: 1. Are small enough to be efficient and effective. 2. Are properly trained in required skills. 3. Allocated enough time to work on problems. 4. Are given authority to resolve problems and take corrective action. 5. Have a designated “champion” to call on when needed.9–11 Department of Information Technology
  12. 12. BZUPAGES.COM Beware: Teams Aren’t Always the Answer  Three tests to see if a team fits the situation:  Is the work complex and is there a need for different perspectives?  Does the work create a common purpose or set of goals for the group that is larger than the aggregate of the goals for individuals?  Are members of the group involved in interdependent tasks?9–12 Department of Information Technology

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