1                                                      eLiberatica – May 2007




                   Are you afraid of
   ...
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    Attention, please… a first question f...
3                                                      eLiberatica – May 2007


             Some (possible) answers

    ...
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          They could told you that…

    …...
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                  Wrong!

Dr. Sabin-Corn...
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                             The truth

  ...
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                           Ingredients

  ...
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                           Ingredients

  ...
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                           Ingredients

  ...
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                           Ingredients

  ...
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                    Other ingredients

   ...
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                    Other ingredients
    ...
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                    Other ingredients
    ...
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                    Other ingredients
    ...
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                    Other ingredients
    ...
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                                  Tools
  ...
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                          Applications
   ...
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        Layered
      architecture
      ...
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         This is just the beginning…




D...
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                      Places to visit…
   ...
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     Attention, please… a second question...
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                     Acknowledgment
     T...
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Are You Afraid of Semantic Web?

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A presentation regarding Semantic Web -- talk at eLiberatica 2007: http://eliberatica.ro/

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Are You Afraid of Semantic Web?

  1. 1. 1 eLiberatica – May 2007 Are you afraid of Semantic Web? Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga Faculty of Computer Science “A.I.Cuza” University of Iaşi, România http://www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/ Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  2. 2. 2 eLiberatica – May 2007 Attention, please… a first question for you: What is Semantic Web? Any opinions? Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  3. 3. 3 eLiberatica – May 2007 Some (possible) answers Semantic Web is… – A vision of Sir Tim Berners-Lee (the creator of World Wide Web) – A transition from “classical” Web to a more structured and flexible one – A way of describing data, in terms of metadata (data about data) and explain certain relations between resources Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  4. 4. 4 eLiberatica – May 2007 They could told you that… …Semantic Web is: – Just hype – YABW (Yet Another Buzz Word) – Nothing but the Web 2.0 in disguise – About “strange” and complex formalisms (e.g., description logic) – A field of study for “mad” scientists and their flying ideas – Not applicable in practice (e.g., not interesting for industry) Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  5. 5. 5 eLiberatica – May 2007 Wrong! Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  6. 6. 6 eLiberatica – May 2007 The truth Semantic Web is already among us! Semantic Web is a misnomer – in fact, Data Web is a more suitable term – From “opaque” documents to machine understandable data (resources + links between them) – A plenty of tools, applications, services, expertise available Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  7. 7. 7 eLiberatica – May 2007 Ingredients RDF (Resource Description Framework) – Defining & describing data and relations among data – Suitable to attach metadata to certain resources – Data modeling must make the implicit explicit: “PHP is a programming language.” “pOWL is an application written in PHP.” “PHP is easy than C++.” Some people can understand these assertions. How about the machines? Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  8. 8. 8 eLiberatica – May 2007 Ingredients RDF (Resource Description Framework) – A triple {subject, property, object} model hasWebsite (quot;#phpquot;, quot;http://www.php.net/quot;) isA (quot;#phpquot;, quot;#languagequot;) isWrittenIn (quot;http://powl.sf.net/quot;, quot;#phpquot;) – It’s all about triples of URIs (Uniform Resource Identifiers) – Many syntactic representations, including XML (Extensible Markup Language) Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  9. 9. 9 eLiberatica – May 2007 Ingredients RDF (Resource Description Framework) <rdf:RDF> <rdf:Description rdf:about=quot;http://powl.sf.net/quot;> <s:Title>PHP-based ontological Web platform.</s:Title> <s:Version s:major=quot;1quot; s:minor=quot;0quot; /> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF> Our defined metadata vocabulary Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  10. 10. 10 eLiberatica – May 2007 Ingredients OWL (Web Ontology Language) – Structuring and characterizing resources/relations (e.g., “PHP” is an instance of “Language” class) – Defining logical relationships among resources and the relationships (1-to-1, 1-to-many,…) – Based on RDF – Used to denote taxonomies, thesauri, ontologies Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  11. 11. 11 eLiberatica – May 2007 Other ingredients Metadata vocabularies – DCMI (Dublin Core Metadata Initiative) – FOAF (Friend Of A Friend) – DOAP (Description Of A Project) – SIOC (Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities) – …and many others Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  12. 12. 12 eLiberatica – May 2007 Other ingredients <foaf:Person rdf:ID=quot;lucianquot;> <foaf:name>Lucian Savluc</foaf:name> </foaf:Person> <foaf:Person rdf:ID=quot;sabinquot;> <foaf:name>Sabin Buraga</foaf:name> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource=quot;http://www.infoiasi.ro/~busacoquot; /> <foaf:knows rdf:ID=quot;#lucianquot; /> </foaf:Person> <foaf:Image rdf:about=quot;http://eliberatica.ro/2007/photos/part.jpgquot;> <dc:title>eLiberatica participants</dc:title> <foaf:depicts rdf:resource=quot;#lucianquot; /> <foaf:depicts rdf:resource=quot;#sabinquot; /> </foaf:Image> Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  13. 13. 13 eLiberatica – May 2007 Other ingredients Web syndication via RSS/Atom – Metadata about blog entries, wiki changes,… – Syndication as Web service Query via SPARQL SELECT ?name ?url WHERE { ?person foaf:name ?name. OPTIONAL{ ?person foaf:homepage ?url. } } ORDER BY DESC (?name) Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  14. 14. 14 eLiberatica – May 2007 Other ingredients Microformats – Embedding semantic constructs into XHTML documents – Using XHTML markups and CSS classes – Representative: hCard, hCalendar, hReview, hResume, geo, rel-tag,… – Useful for semantic tagging (folksonomies) – Suitable to create mash-ups, too More: RDFa, XHTML 2.0, ontologies for Web services, RIF (Rules Interchange Format) etc. Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  15. 15. 15 eLiberatica – May 2007 Other ingredients Microformats Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  16. 16. 16 eLiberatica – May 2007 Tools • Firefox extensions for retrieving metadata: PiggyBank, Operator, Semantic Radar, Tails • Editors: Protégé, SWOOP, vi • Semantic platforms: Jena, KAON, pOWL, Redland • Semantic wikis: IkeWiki, Semantic MediaWiki, XWiki • Search for ontologies: Swoogle Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  17. 17. 17 eLiberatica – May 2007 Applications • Portals: Harper’s Online magazine, Sun’s SwordFish, Vodafone’s Live Mobile Portal • Agent systems: ADF, Zeus • Web services: WSMX • Biology: BioPAX, Haystack, Gene Ontology • Current directions: Health Care & Life Sciences, Public Administration, Engineering • Other initiatives: semantic search, semantic desktop, semantic mash-ups, semantic grid,… • Semantic anything?! Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  18. 18. 18 eLiberatica – May 2007 Layered architecture of the Semantic Web (Berners-Lee, 2006) Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  19. 19. 19 eLiberatica – May 2007 This is just the beginning… Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  20. 20. 20 eLiberatica – May 2007 Places to visit… • Web Consortium: www.w3.org • PlanetRDF: www.planetrdf.com • Microformats: www.microformats.org • BabelFish: http://blogs.sun.com/bblfish/ • List of 250 Semantic Web tools: www.mkbergman.com/?p=347 Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  21. 21. 21 eLiberatica – May 2007 Attention, please… a second question for you: Are you afraid of Semantic Web? Thank you! Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
  22. 22. 22 eLiberatica – May 2007 Acknowledgment This presentation is based on many books, articles, and presentations regarding semantic Web technologies. Thanks to Lenuta Alboaie, Sergiu Dumitriu, Laurian Gridinoc, Marta Girdea, Catalin Hritcu, Anca-Paula Luca and many others... Dr. Sabin-Corneliu Buraga – www.infoiasi.ro/~busaco/
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