World war i

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World war i

  1. 1. World War I<br />
  2. 2. Alliances<br />Central Powers<br />Germany<br />Austria-Hungary<br />Italy<br />Triple Entente <br />France<br />Great Britain<br />Russia<br />
  3. 3. Nationalism<br />Nationalism: devotion and loyalty to one’s own nation; patriotism. <br />Proliferated by propaganda. <br />Used to get the masses excited for war. <br />
  4. 4. Public Domain<br />
  5. 5. France Ferdinand Assassinated<br />France Ferdinand was the Archduke of Austria-Hungary. <br />Assassinated June, 28, 1914.<br />By Serb Nationalist group “Black Hand”.<br />The Spark of WW1.<br />Public Domain<br />
  6. 6. Ultimatum<br />After the assassination Austria-Hungary declared an ultimatum on Serbia. <br />Ultimatum says that the Serbian government was responsible for the assassination. <br />Serbia declines this ultimatum; Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. <br />
  7. 7. Declaration of War<br />Serbia<br />Austria-Hungary<br />Germany<br />Russia<br />Germany<br />France<br />Britain<br />Germany<br />*Arrows=Declared war on.<br />*Before American Involvement.<br />
  8. 8. Technology<br />This war brought new technology such as…<br />Tanks<br />Planes <br />Artillery<br />Chemical Warfare (Mustard Gas)<br />Machine Guns <br />Public Domain<br />
  9. 9. Trench Warfare<br />Trench Warfare: Combat in which each side occupies a system of protective trenches.<br />Conditions were disgusting. <br />Soldiers often developed “trench foot.”<br /> These tactics created a stalemate.<br />Was not a practical strategy. <br />
  10. 10. Diagram of a Trench<br />Demarco, Neil. The Great War. London, England: Hodder Twentieth Century History, 2004. Book.<br />
  11. 11. America’s Neutrality <br />President Wilson promoted peace.<br />Trade was good with Europe. <br />Purely a European issue. <br />This was soon to change…<br />
  12. 12. War Provoking Actions<br />Sinking of the Lusitania, 1915.<br />Unrestricted submarine warfare, 1915.<br />Zimmerman telegram, 1917.<br />Public Domain<br />
  13. 13. American Entry<br />America declares war on Germany April, 6, 1917. <br />Came in after the Russians dropped out. <br />200,000 new troops into the war. <br />Referred to as the “Dough Boys”.<br />
  14. 14. Wilson’s 14 points<br />OPEN DIPLOMACY: No secret treaties between powers.<br />FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION: Seas free in peace and war.<br />COLONIES: People in European colonies should have a say in their future. <br />Public domain<br />
  15. 15. Wilson’s Points Continued…<br />NATIONAL SELF DETERMINATION: European countries should be free.<br />POLAND: Poland should be it’s own country.<br />LEAGUE OF NATIONS: Countries should come together and diplomatize.<br />Public domain<br />
  16. 16. Treaty of Versailles <br />Decided post-WW1 Europe. <br />Blamed Germany for WW1. <br />First 26 clauses outlined the League of Nations.<br />The next 414 outlined Germany’s punishment.<br />Germany was planned to pay until 1986.<br />
  17. 17. Overall Results<br />The war ended 11/11/1918 at 11:00 a.m.<br />Austria-Hungary was broken up.<br />Germany’s army was reduced to 100,000.<br />38,880,500 KIA;MIA;WIA combined both sides.<br />Public Domain<br />
  18. 18. Citations <br />http://dictionary.reference.com/<br />http://www.harris-academy.com/departments/history/Trenches/GillianR/Gillian5.htm<br />http://historyonthenet.com/WW1/remembrance.htm<br />

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