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    CD & DVD Burning exposed CD & DVD Burning exposed Document Transcript

    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 1 CD & DVD Burning Exposed By Rob Boirun For BurnWorld.comContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 2Copyright © 2005 by BurnWorld Inc.All Rights Reserved.This document may not be reproduced, or transmitted in any form or by any means,electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any informationstorage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the Publisher.Publisher: Rob Boirun for BurnWorld Inc.Contact: rob@burnworld.comwww.BurnWorld.comwww.BurningBits.comContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 3 TABLE OF CONTENTSCD & DVD Burning Exposed .......................................................................................1Chapter 1: Optical storage basics...................................................................................8 The rise of a new technology: optical storage on CDs and DVDs ...........................8 Its only plastic: how discs store optical information.............................................9 CD and DVD drives: internal, external....................................................................10 CD and DVD formats ..............................................................................................11 CD formats and storage capacity .........................................................................11 DVD formats and storage capacity ......................................................................11 Rewritable CDs and DVDs......................................................................................12 Rewritable CDs ....................................................................................................12 Rewritable DVDs.................................................................................................13 The benefits of Rewritable CDs and DVDs.........................................................13 What can you do with your CD drive? ....................................................................13 A playing and recording introduction for people new to CD recording ..................13 What can you do with your DVD drive? You can use it for the storage of files, music, images, data, video, and much more ............................................................14 Internal or external drive? They both have advantages and disadvantages .............14 The wonder of USB 2.0 – plug in and use your DVD Player/ Recorder immediately..........................................................................................................15 Apples FireWire (IEEE 1394).............................................................................16 With all the basic info in hand, we’re ready to explore the fascinating world of optical discs..............................................................................................................16Chapter 2: More storage, higher quality—DVD is king..............................................17 Should you upgrade your PC for the full multimedia experience?..........................17 An option: Windows Media Center, for a complete entertainment (and data) system...................................................................................................................18 Just starting with DVD? Then buy the best DVD drive external drive you can afford....................................................................................................................18 What do the specs mean when youre buying a DVD recorder?..........................18Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 4 Installing a DVD drive.............................................................................................19 Things you do with your new DVD recorder ..........................................................21 Yes, you can copy DVDs.....................................................................................21 Save your home movies to DVD .........................................................................21 Store your music on DVD....................................................................................21 Archive old computer files...................................................................................22 Backup your computer.........................................................................................22 Create graphic and photo presentations ...............................................................22 Use DVD in your business marketing .................................................................22 Ready to get started burning?...................................................................................22Chapter 3: Popular CD and DVD Burning software ...................................................23 What software do you need?....................................................................................23 Easy, nifty and free programs ..................................................................................24 BurnOn CD/ DVD Free .......................................................................................24 DVD Identifier .....................................................................................................24 Great inexpensive programs.....................................................................................25 BurnQuick Data/Audio CD/DVD Burner – super- fast and easy ........................25 Ashampoo Burning Studio 5 – burn everything to CD and DVD ................Error! Bookmark not defined. Visual MP3 CD Burner – instant music, when and where you want it ...............26 Blaze Audio RipEditBurn – serious sound ..........................................................26 Major programs to consider .....................................................................................27 Nero 6 Ultra Edition – all- in-one .........................................................................27 Gear DVD Standard Edition – another popular all- in-one ..................................27 Roxio Easy Media Creator ™ – includes a backup solution ...............................27 Optimizing your system: getting your computer and hard drive ready for recording ..................................................................................................................................28 Defrag your drive.................................................................................................28 Check your hard drive..........................................................................................28 When youre recording, close all programs you don’t need.................................29 Your playing and recording needs will change over time .......................................29Chapter Four: Burning data to CD or DVD.................................................................30 Includes:...................................................................................................................30Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 5 Picking the right format for your burn: data or audio? ............................................30 Tutorial: Burning a data disk with BurnOn CD/ DVD Free....................................30 Step 1: Choose a blank CD or DVD, and put it in your drive. ............................31 2. Select the data source.......................................................................................31 3. Choose how you want your data to be saved – burn now, or later? ................32 4. Choose a destination for your data...................................................................33 5. Choose a file system type ................................................................................34 6. Choose the files you want to burn....................................................................34 7. Choose your options for this burn....................................................................35 8. Start your burn .................................................................................................36 Create a backup process that works for you ............................................................37 Your backup plan.................................................................................................37 Tutorial: Protect your data with Backup4all............................................................38 1. Create a new backup group, and a new backup job.........................................38 2. Choose source files for your new backup ........................................................39 3. Backup your new backup job...........................................................................40 Youre now a data disc expert ..................................................................................41Chapter: Chapter 5: Burning music to CD or DVD.....................................................42 Includes:...................................................................................................................42 Burning audio: music and words .............................................................................42 Copy and burn your CD collection to disc...............................................................43 Tutorial: Copying an audio CD using CD-Mate......................................................43 1. Create an image file of the CD-ROM ..............................................................43 2. Burn the image file to CD................................................................................45 Downloading music online – unlimited choices and music.....................................47 Free music online.................................................................................................47 Chargeable music: pay by track with iTunes.......................................................48 Chargeable music: all the music you want for a monthly fee from Napster........48 Creating music playlists...........................................................................................48 Tutorial: Edit your audio before you burn – using an audio editor .........................48 Step One: Getting started with Dexster ...............................................................49 Step Two: Setting markers and zooming .............................................................50 Step Three: Mixing an audio track.......................................................................50Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 6 Burning audio CDs and DVDs is easy and inexpensive..........................................51Chapter 6: Burning images to CD or DVD..................................................................52 Includes:...................................................................................................................52 Make the most of your family photos ......................................................................53 Create photo albums on optical disc ....................................................................53 Edit your images for your photo albums..............................................................54 Your digital camera: moving images from your digital camera to disc ..................56 Find free and low-cost images online ......................................................................56 Optical discs for business: creating disc marketing tools ........................................57 Tutorial: organise your image files with Smart Pix Manager..................................57 Step One: Create a new database .........................................................................58 Step Two: Add folders to your database..............................................................59 Step Three: Add keywords and descriptions to files ...........................................60 Save your precious memories: burn them to optical disc ........................................60Chapter 7: Burning video to CD or DVD ....................................................................61 Includes:...................................................................................................................61 Getting started making your own videos .................................................................61 Save your old VHS tapes: convert them to digital format, and burn them to DVD 62 Video capture hardware: internal or external?.....................................................62 Your choice: video editing software ........................................................................64 Tutorial: Editing and burning video with Magix Movie Edit ..................................64 Step One: Create a title for your video ................................................................65 Step Two: Add special effects to your video .......................................................66 Step Three: Burn your movie to CD or DVD ......................................................67 Making videos and turning them into movies is easy..............................................68Chapter 8: Transferring your old music LPs and cassettes to CD or DVD .................69 Digitize and burn your old LPs and music cassettes to CD or DVD.......................69 Your turntable ......................................................................................................70 Tutorial: LP Recorder – record your vinyl LPs to optical disc................................71 Dont lose your vinyl LPs – burn them to optical disc.............................................72Chapter 9: Copying CDs and DVDs – extending your disc-burning skills .................73 What can you (legally) copy? ..................................................................................73 Extending your disc burning skills ..........................................................................74Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 7 Creating Mixed Mode and CD-Extra CDs...........................................................74 Tutorial: Burn a video with Cheetah DVD Burner..................................................76 Step One: Convert the video files ........................................................................76 Step Two: Add the files to Cheetah DVD Burner ...............................................77 Step Three: Burn your disc ..................................................................................78 Tutorial: Copy a DVD with 1Click DVD Copy ......................................................79 Step One: Install the program ..............................................................................79 Step Two: Choose your options...........................................................................79 Step Three: Burn to DVD ....................................................................................80 Youre a DVD-burn expert.......................................................................................80Chapter 10: The finishing touches – adding menus to your disks and creating labels 81 Tutorial: Adding menus to your discs with Visual Autorun....................................81 Step One: Choose the files and folders you want to include on your disc...........82 Step Two: What do you want the CD to do? .......................................................83 Step Three: Setup the CD.....................................................................................84 Step Four: Create your design and preview the menu .........................................85 Step Five: Youre done! .......................................................................................86 Tutorial: Designing labels with Neato MediaFACE................................................87 Step One: Select a project template .....................................................................88 Step Two: Create the text layout and design .......................................................88 Step Three: Print your label .................................................................................90 Now you can add the finishing touches to your optical discs..................................91Chapter 11: What’s next for DVD? .............................................................................92 What does the new technology mean to you?..........................................................93 Happy DVD burning into the future ........................................................................94Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 8Chapter 1: Optical storage basicsIncludes: ¨ CD and DVD formats ¨ What you can do with your CD and DVD drivesThe rise of a new technology: optical storage on CDs andDVDsCompact discs (CDs) first appeared as a technology for music in 1980, so if youreyounger than 25, youve never known a world without them. In 1980 personalcomputers were new, and computer storage was on floppy diskettes.Then in 1996 a consortium of companies including Philips, Sony and Yamahaannounced CD-R/Ws (CD-Rewritable discs), and optical storage for data, images,music and video became widely available, and gradually became cheap.Almost a decade later, the humble CD is fast being overtaken by the digital video disc(DVD) as the removable optical medium of choice for home and professionalcomputer users, because the DVD has a much greater storage capacity. DVD burners(recorders) are becoming as common in computers as CD burners.The terms were usingIn this ebook, CD is short for CD-ROM (compact disc read-only memory), and DVDis short for DVD-ROM (digital video disc read-only memory). These are discs whichstore information, like computer programs, data, music, or video. Your computer orCD player can read the information on these discs, and play them, but you cant add tothe information on the disc.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 9CDs for computers are generally distinct from audio CDs. An audio CD player thatyou play to listen to music usually can’t read the music that youve copied from yourcomputer. Some new CD players however read and play MP3s and other compressionformats.To record information to a CD or DVD, you need a burner; that is a CD or DVDdrive which includes an R for Recordable in its name or description. You also need adisc which W for Writeable, or RW for Read/ Writeable in its name or description.(We cover disc formats later in this chapter.)Above: The familiar CD-ROM: available everywhere, ready for you to burn yourdata, music, and imagesIts only plastic: how discs store optical informationA CD is just a thin round piece of plastic. Information is written into the plastic usinga laser, by burning microscopic, lumpy, spiraling grooves into it. The spirals areContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 10sprayed with reflective aluminum, which is then coated with protective acrylic – andthe CD is ready to be played.A DVD looks just like a CD, and its made in a similar way, but there are more layersof plastic, and more aluminum separating them. A DVD may also be double-sided.This means that a DVD can store much more information than a CD. Commonly aDVD stores around seven times more than a CD, but a DVD can also have a muchgreater capacity.CD and DVD drives: internal, externalWhen you bought your computer, it came with a CD drive, and perhaps also with aDVD drive. However, you can increase your optical storage capabilities, by addingdrives, both internal, and external.An internal drive fits into a drive bay on your computer. An external drive plugs in toyour computer, and communicates and moves information to and from yourcomputer, most commonly via a Universal Serial Bus (USB) port, or via FireWire(IEEE-1394) connection.Check your CD and DVD players, to see whether they are also burners, that is,devices which can record information. Your CD and DVD player should have an Rfor Recordable in the name or description of the drive if it can record.Sales of CD-Recordable (CD-R) discs boomed from 1999, when many people beganto collect music and make their own audio discs on blank discs. In new computers,writable CD drives, also known as CD burners, are standard, and DVD-R drives arebecoming standard.A DVD player plays DVDs, a DVD recorder, also called a burner, both plays andrecords DVDs. Like a video cassette recorder (VCR), the DVD recorder has standardA/V inputs and playback, and like a DVD player, you can use your DVD recorder toplay audio and video CDs.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 11CD and DVD formatsCD formats and storage capacityA standard CD-R (Compact Disc Recordable) disc can store around 74 minutes ofaudio, or around 650 megabytes of information. Many discs can store up to 80minutes of audio and 703 megs of other data. Specially manufactured discs, which arenot widely available, can store up to 99 minutes, and 870 megs of data.When youre buying blank discs to record in your CD burner, you can buy either CD-R, or CD-R/W discs. You can only record data once on a CD-R disc, but you canerase and re-record on a CD-R/W disc.DVD formats and storage capacityDVDs are available in three major formats: dash (DVD-R and DVD-RW), plus(DVD+R, DVD+RW and DVD+R DL), and DVD-RAM. Most players can play boththe plus and dash formats.A DVD can contain high-definition audio, video (movies and sound) and data in theseformats: ¨ DVD-ROM (read only, manufactured by a press) ¨ DVD-R/RW (R=Recordable once, RW means ReWritable) ¨ DVD-RAM (random access rewritable; after-write checking of data integrity is always active) ¨ DVD+R/RW (R=Recordable once, RW means ReWritable)A DVDs storage capacity depends on the number of layers and sides on the DVD: ¨ DVD-5: single sided, single layer, 4.7 gigabytes (GB) ¨ DVD-9: single sided, double layer, 8.5 GB ¨ DVD-10: double sided, single layer on both sides, 9.4 GB ¨ DVD-14: double sided, double layer on one side, single layer on other, 13.3 GB ¨ DVD-18: double sided, double layer on both sides, 17.1 GBContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 12Above: DVDs offer massive storage capacityRewritable CDs and DVDsThink of your recordable CDs and DVDs as being like old- fashioned cassette tapes.Some discs you record because you want to keep the material, other discs you recordfor short-term use – you dont want to keep the material permanently, you want to beable to erase the stuff on the disc and reuse it.Temporary material could include: music, data, computer backups, project materialfrom work that youre taking home, and photo albums.Rewritable CDsBefore you use it, your CD-R/W disc needs to be formatted. Usually this has beendone by the manufacturer, so your disc is ready to be used, and reused, when you nolonger need the material on it and want to erase it.Keeping your data safe with computer backupsContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 13The most common use of CD-R/W discs is as backup media for your computer. Welldiscuss backing up your data in more detail later, but remember that when you backupto CD-R/W, you need to keep several discs in rotation in your backup cycle, becausean occasional disc may be faulty, and discs can be damaged.Rewritable DVDsJust as the DVD is taking over from the CD, so the DVD-R/RW is taking over fromthe CD-R/W as the disc of choice for people who need to store material temporarily.As computer hard drives have grown larger, people have more information of allkinds that they want to be able to move around easily between computers and otherdevices.The benefits of Rewritable CDs and DVDsThe major benefits are: ¨ Cheapness: at mere cents per disc if you buy in bulk, blank discs are cost- effective; ¨ Reliability: unless you leave a CD or DVD in a car, or damage it in some other way, discs don’t stretch or demagnetize like tapes and floppy disks. ¨ Fast: you search a disc and find material quickly, whether you do the searching manually, or with software, when youre looking for a particular music track, or a copy of a document ¨ Compatible: almost every PC has a CD-ROM drive, so you can move information from one computer to another quickly.What can you do with your CD drive?A playing and recording introduction for people new to CDrecordingIf its on your computer, you can store it on a CD, and often play it as well. You can store computer programs, computer files like all your correspondence and financial records, photographs and other digital images, paper files that youve scanned into your computer, entire Web sites, music, and of course your computer backups.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 14 To get started playing and recording on a CD drive, all the programs you need are usually on the machine, as part of the operating system, whether you use a Microsoft Windows, Apple, or a Linux system. Of course you need the blank media discs to record, and you can get discs at any mall, or you can buy them online.What can you do with your DVD drive? You can use it for thestorage of files, music, images, data, video, and much moreYour DVD player and recorder are like a CD player/ recorder on steroids. You can doeverything with your DVD drive that you can do with a CD drive, with the addedbenefits of speed, picture quality, and vastly expanded storage capacity.Internal or external drive? They both have advantages anddisadvantagesAn internal CD and/ DVD drive was probably installed in your computer when youbought the machine. A CD or DVD drive thats already installed, or is purchased to beinstalled in the body of your computer, is called an internal drive. Installing a drive isrelatively easy.You can also buy external CD and/ DVD drives, which plug into your computer likeany other peripheral. The most useful plug in via USB, or FireWire. (See below)If youre thinking of buying an external drive, which is best for your needs, andinternal or external CD / DVD drive?Advantages and disadvantages of INTERNAL drives—Pros ConsNo-cost, usually already installed when The drive is the age of your computer. Ifyou buy it your machine is a couple of years old, drive technology has advancedContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 15Doesnt take up any space, no messy Non-transportablecables Requires installationAdvantages and disadvantages of EXTERNAL drives—Pros ConsNo installation hassles: just plug it in Additional costEasy to upgrade if your needs expand or Its another peripheral which takes upchange space on your desk, or on a shelfTransportable: take the drive with you,and connect it to other computersPlug in as many as you needThe wonder of USB 2.0 – plug in and use your DVD Player/Recorder immediatelyAs a way of plugging devices into your computer and getting them to play nicely witheverything else on your machine, USB 2.0 is a wonder. Its fast, and it works withboth PCs and Apple computers.New computers have from two to six USB 2.0 ports; older computers may have portsbased on the USB 1.0 or 1.1 standards. For an older computer, you can buy a PCIadapter card which adds four USB 2.0 ports.USB 2.0 transfer speeds: * low-speed transfers data at 1.5 megabits per second * full-speed transfers data at 12 megabits per second * high-speed transfers data at 480 megabits per secondContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 16A USB DVD drive is easy to use: just connect the drive to a power source, and to anyavailable USB port on your computer. If youve run out of USB ports, you can buy aUSB hub, which gives you seven or more additional ports.Apples FireWire (IEEE 1394)If you recently bought a computer, especially a notebook computer, the computer mayhave a FireWire connection. FireWire is a computer and digital video serial businterface standard which offers high-speed communications, plus isochronous real-time data services. Any PC thats intended for professional audio/video use will haveFireWire connection. Apple iPod uses FireWire, so that you can upload music in acouple of seconds, and charge the player at the same time.Although FireWire is an Apple product, its used on PCs, just as USB 2.0 is used byboth systems.With all the basic info in hand, we’re ready to explore thefascinating world of optical discsUsing optical discs is easy fun. Youll find that once youve burned a disc or two,youre an expert.All you really need to remember is that both blank CDs and blank DVDs come in twovarieties: record-once, or record/ erase and use again.If youre technically inclined, Wikipedia has excellent information on CDs and DVDs.Here are the URLs:Wikipedia, the free-content encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_PageWikipedias CD information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compact_discWikipedias DVD information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVDContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 17Chapter 2: More storage, higher quality—DVD is kingIncludes: ¨ Should you upgrade your system? ¨ Tutorial: Installing a DVD drive ¨ Things you can do with your new DVD recorderDVDs, DVDs, and yet more DVDs! Everywhere you go it seems that someone wantsyou to buy a DVD. Movies that you havent seen in a couple of decades are availableon DVD, as well as entire series of popular TV shows. You can get music on DVD,reference books with multimedia and educational material – everything from exerciseshows to cooking instructions – theres no doubt about it, DVDs are popular.Everyone who uses a computer also wants the storage capacity and the ease of use ofa DVD, and no matter how thin your wallet, you can join in, with DVD drives nowavailable at giveaway prices.If you have an older computer, you may be wondering whether you can install a DVDdrive in it, or whether it makes sense to upgrade.Should you upgrade your PC for the full multimediaexperience?Youve got a digital camera, an MP3 player, and a DVD player, but you want to get aDVD recorder, and be in complete control of all the data youve got now, and willgenerate in the future.If your computer is less than two years old, it makes sense to upgrade --- or does it?You can buy a new multimedia PC for under $1000, so it might be less expensive andtime consuming to buy a new system. Not to mention that the components you wantto add to your old system may be included with a new one. For example, multi-Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 18channel surround sound and three-dimensional positional audio are integrated onmotherboards in new multimedia systems, whereas a new sound card with thesefeatures costs over $100. Quality surround-sound speakers add another hundred ortwo, so the money adds up.An option: Windows Media Center, for a complete entertainment(and data) systemIf youre going the new system route, consider upgrading to a computer withMicrosoft Windows XP Media Center Edition (MCE). MCE 2005 will run an FMradio tuner, a DVD recorder, video and image applications, and a TV tuner as well.Note: if you want the radio and TV tuners, make sure the cards come with the system.If you have an older system and you want to install MCE, you can buy the programonline. Make sure that yours comes with a legitimate product identification number(PID), so that you can get Microsoft upgrades. However, be aware that when youinstall MCE on an older system, you may run into unforeseen hardware conflicts.Just starting with DVD? Then buy the best DVD drive externaldrive you can affordIf you just want to get into DVD playing and recording, generally speaking if your PCis less than two years old you don’t need to upgrade your system, but youll want thefastest drive, with the most options, thats available.In this situation, buy an external DVD drive. Plug it into a USB port, and you can startto play and record DVDs.What do the specs mean when youre buying a DVD recorder?Specifications for DVD recorders can seem mind-numbingly complex.Heres the important stuff to be aware of:The X rating of the driveContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 19No, it’s nothing exciting – the X rating is the speed at which the drive performs. Forexample, a drive which is rated at 4X/ 2X/ 12X can write DVDs at 4X, rewrite at 2X,and read at 12X. Some drives are rated by their plus and minus recording speeds, andare called 8x8 drives, meaning that they can record both DVD+R and DVD-R at 8X.A CD recorders maximum recording speed is 52x, but DVD drives are nowhere nearthat fast yet. On the other hand, they can burn much more material than CD burners.Heres an example of the approximate time to burn a CD, as compared with a DVD:an 8x CD burner would take ten minutes to burn a 650 meg CD, while a DVD burnerat 8x would take around eight and a half minutes to burn a 4.7 gigabyte DVD.The formats the drive can handleAll the various DVD formats offer the same 4.7 gigabytes capacity. You can onlyburn DVD-R and DVD+R discs once, but theyre compatible with most DVD drivesand set-top DVD players.The re-recordable formats, DVD+RW and DVD-RW, can be written to, and erased,around a thousand times, however there may be compatibility issues. If youre bothrecording and playing in a single DVD drive, then this won’t matter to you, but itssomething to be aware of if you want to play your DVDs on another computer, orshare them with other people.Installing a DVD driveInternal DVD drives are less expensive than external ones, and if you have an oldercomputer with a CD drive, swapping out its CD drive for a DVD-ROM drive is easy,even if youre convinced that youre not a techy person. All you need to do is removethe drive thats already installed, take note of the jumper settings, set the DVD drivesthe same, and then install the new drive.Of course, if the idea of taking the case off your PC makes you too nervous, get atech-aware friend to do it, or take the machine to your local PC shop.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 20Heres the process step by step:1. Take the cover off your computerMake sure your machine is turned off; unplug it to be certain. Using a screwdriver,take off the screws holding the cover, or the cover panels (depending on the kind ofcase you have), then slide the cover off, or remove the panels protecting the machinescomponents.2. Take out the CD driveThe back of the CD drive will have a flat ribbon IDE cable, a four-pin power cable,and may have a black audio connector too. Remove these and set them aside.Unscrew the screws holding the CD drive in place – put them where youll find themagain. Once all the screws are removed, you can push the drive out through the case-front.Now you can check the jumper settings, so that you can set the new drives jumpersthe same way. The jumper pins are six pins in two rows located between the ribbonIDE cable and the power cable at the back of the drive. The jumper links the pins in aspecific way, and above the pins you should see a guide which tells you how theyreset. All you need to do is to set the DVD drives jumper exactly the same way. Yourchoices are: Master, Slave, or Cable Select.3. Install the DVD drivePush the drive in through the front of the case in the same way you removed the otherdrive. Put in one of the screws, and make sure the drive is level on the front of thecase. Put in the other screws, so that the drive is seated properly.Now replace the cables, watching for the cable notches to make sure that the polarityis correct.Put the machines cover back, put in the screws, and plug it in.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 214. Your drive is ready to useYour new drives drive letter should be the same as the drive letter of the drive youremoved, so all that remains is for you to install the DVD player software that wasprovided with the drive, and youll be able to watch DVDs on your brand new drive.Things you do with your new DVD recorderYes, you can copy DVDsYou can copy DVDs, and theres plenty of software to help you do so. You need to beaware of intellectual property laws however, which make it illegal to copycopyrighted material. Specifically, under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act(DMCA), its illegal for anyone to break copy-protection safeguards which areinstalled on commercial DVD products, whether these are movies, games, or othermaterial.If youre making a copy of a commercial DVD for your own use, then the policy offair- use may eventually catch up with DVD-copying, but at the moment the copyingof copyrighted material is illegal.Theres a big field of disc-copying software applications which will copy unprotectedDVDs, like your home movies. Well look at those later.Save your home movies to DVDYoure back from vacation with a bunch of tapes that you recorded on your digitalvideo recorder. Youd love to make your own DVD of the fun you had, so that youcan send the DVDs to family and friends across the globe. This is easy to do.Store your music on DVDIf youve got gigabytes of MP3s on your hard drive, backing them up to CD wouldtake a long time, and youd have a stack of CDs youd need to find room for. A DVDmusical archive solves those problems.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 22Archive old computer filesA backup is for data security, in case your hard drive dies. Archiving old material todisc saves space. If youve got boxes full of CD computer archives, you can getorganized by copying all the CDs to a single DVD archive.Backup your computerWhen you backup to a DVD, you won’t need to worry about changing CDs, sinceyour entire backup will probably fit onto a single disc or maybe two.Heres how to handle video files: create a separate partition on a hard drive for videofiles only, because videos eat up so much space. If you have a digital video recorder,youll have gigabytes of video, and since you have the tapes, it doesn’t make sense toback up the video on your computer.Create graphic and photo presentationsWith video presentation software, you can mix audio, video and images, in anycombination you please, to create presentations which will wow your audience.When youve completed the project, you can archive it to DVD, or publish it on theWeb.Use DVD in your business marketingIf your company has been sending out catalogs on CD, catalog DVDs open a wholenew marketing arena. You can now include videos of products, and much moreinformation that you can on a CD. You could even include a complete copy of yourWeb site.Ready to get started burning?In this chapter we discussed your upgrading versus installing a DVD drive, and whatyour DVD recorder can do. In the next chapter, well look at burning software.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 23Chapter 3: Popular CD and DVD Burning softwareIncludes: ¨ Easy-to-use free programs and inexpensive programs ¨ Major programs ¨ Optimizing your system to prevent problems when recordingWhat software do you need?Now youve got a CD/ DVD burner, you want to try it out. Without software, your CDand DVD drives are just expensive cup holders. But since there are hundreds ofprograms on the market, how do you choose? Which are best? And what if you have alimited budget – do you need to go without lunch every week for a month to pay forsoftware?In this chapter, well cover a range of programs for your CD and DVD recorders, togive you an overview of whats available. In later chapters well take a detailed look atprograms for specific purposes – well also show you how easy it is to use them. Wellstart our overview with free, or inexpensive programs, and work our way up to themore expensive programs.Test programs for your needs with try-before-you-buy softwareWhen youre scouting for programs, its a good idea to see whether theres a trial, orshareware version. This is a version that you can download to your computer to seewhether the program works on your machine, and whether you like it well enough topay for it. Unfortunately some well-known programs, like Roxios Easy MediaCreator, don’t offer trial versions.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 24Easy, nifty and free programsBurnOn CD/ DVD Freehttp://www.burnworld.com/burnoncddvd/BurnON CD/ DVD Free is a comprehensive program that does all the basic tasks youneed. You can copy CDs and DVDs, create backup discs, and audio discs.The program is easy for novices to use, because it contains wizards – step by stepguides – for common tasks.Above: Try BurnON CD/ DVD Free. It may meet all your needs, and as the namesays, its free with advertising support.DVD Identifierhttp://dvd.identifier.cdfreaks.com/Cheap DVDs are a bargain, right? If youve just bought 50 no-name brand DVDs,DVD Identifier tells you all about those mystery discs. Youll soon learn whether youContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 25go a bargain or a dud. The program gets the pre-recorded information fromDVD+R/+RW and DVD-R/-RW and DVD-RAM media, which tells you discmanufacturing information and supported write speeds.Even if your discs are labelled, and come with details on the packaging, its a goodidea to test a couple with DVD Identifier, because major brands often outsource themanufacturing, and the labels may not be accurate.Great inexpensive programs:Cheetah DVD BurnerCheetah DVD Burner is an excellent small program which is a good toolkit for yourDVD burner. It lets you create data and audio CDs and DVDs, and burn DVDs, and itlets you use all the most popular formats: dual layer DVD+R, DVD+RW, DVD+R,DVD-RW, DVD-R, DVD-RAM, CD-RW, and CD-R discs. You can also createbootable CDs and DVDs, burn ISO files, and can create a full range of audio discs.BurnQuick Data/Audio CD/DVD Burner – super-fast and easyhttp://www.burnquick.com/BurnQuick Data/Audio CD/DVD Burner makes burning to CD or DVD super- fastand easy, even if youve never burned a disk before. The program integrates withWindows Explorers right click context menu. If you want to burn a file, just right-click on it and youll be given options to burn it immediately, or to send it to a burnqueue, so that you can burn many files at once. The program automatically configuresyour burner, and selects a speed – usually low. If all proceeds well, you can choose toincrease the speed on later burns. If youre a Ill backup tomorrow kind of person,BurnQuick ends backup hassles. For all versions of Microsoft Windows fromWindows 98 upward. Its $19.95 after a 15-day trial.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 26Above: BurnQuick is great for fast file backups as you work: send your files to theburn queue, and then burn them at the end of the day.Visual MP3 CD Burner – instant music, when and where you wantithttp://www.visual- mp3.com/If all you want to do with your CD burner is create music discs, Visual MP3 CDBurner was made for you. The program is loaded with features, and guarantees thatthe CDs it makes will play in any CD player, which is a huge bonus. Just drag any fileyou want to burn into the program window, and the program will show you how muchfree space is left on your disc. A CD player is included, to allow you to preview themusic you want to transfer to CD. Its for all versions of Microsoft Windows fromWindows 98 upward, and is $29.99 after a trial. It does include nag screens topersuade you to pay up for the program.Blaze Audio RipEditBurn – serious soundhttp://www.blazeaudio.com/If youve got ambitions to be a musician or a DJ, or you want to record presentations,youll like Blaze Audio RipEditBurn. Not only can you record old LPs and tapes toCD, you can also record from any audio source. This is a good program if you needsomething more than a straight CD ripper. You can create compilation CDs withvoice, and fade- in.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 27Its for all versions of Microsoft Windows from Windows 98 upward, and is $40 aftera 30-day trial.Major programs to considerThe following major programs are comprehensive solutions. They’re massive, andwill meet all your CD and DVD needs. Since theyre large programs, this can be achallenge if youre running an older computer, or a computer which doesnt have a lotof memory.(Remember that its always advisable to trial a program first, to see whether it workssmoothly on your machine, before you pay for it.)Gear DVD Standard Edition – another popular all-in-oneGear DVD Standard Edition is another popular program which is a completesolution. It copies and burns CDs and DVDs, and lets you create audio mixes withbuilt- in utilities. It will even create labels for your discs.Its for all versions of Microsoft Windows from Windows 98 upward, and is $79.99after a 15-day trial.Roxio Easy Media Creator ™ – includes a backup solutionRoxio Easy Media Creator ™ is a huge program which includes utilities whichhandle everything that youre ever likely to want to do with your CDs and DVDs.Unfortunately, theres not a trial version that you can try on your machine to seewhether it meets your needs.Nero 6 Ultra Edition – all-in-onehttp://www.nero.com/eng/Products.htmlContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 28Nero 6 Ultra Edition is an excellent program for you if you have multiple needs.When you start the program the Nero StartSmart center lets you access the programsvarious modules, for data, audio, video, photo, and backup recording.One of the problems with making backups of DVD movies is that you lose quality,but Nero promises that the backups you make of DVDs will be as good as theoriginal, with Dolby surround sound. (Of course it won’t copy encrypted or copy-protected discs.)Its for all versions of Microsoft Windows from Windows 98b upward, and is $69.99after a limited trial.Optimizing your system: getting your computer and harddrive ready for recordingRecording discs is hard work for your computer. You can minimize the risk of failureby doing some basic clean-up work before you start recording discs.Defrag your driveIf you havent defragmented your hard drive in the past few months, do that first.Defragging is necessary because as you work with the files on your computer,Windows splits files, and pieces of the same file can be located in different areas onyour hard drive. Over time, youve got a very messy disc, which means that Windowstakes longer to access files. The defragging process joins all the scattered piecestogether again.Your version of Windows has a utility called Disk Defragmenter. If youre not surehow to start this process, check your Windows Help file.Check your hard driveHard drives develop two kinds of errors: logical errors, and physical errors.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 29Logical errors happen when a program misbehaves and your computer freezes, orwhen you get a sudden power outage and the computer doesn’t shut down properly.Over time, the build-up of errors can lead to problems: programs slow down, won’trun correctly, and in some cases, wont run at all.Hard drives can also develop physical errors: bad patches on the drive.Windows has a utility which fixes both logical and physical errors: ScanDisk. RunScanDisk before you record, if you haven’t checked the condition of your hard drivein a while.When youre recording, close all programs you don’t needWhen youre about to record a disc, its a good idea to close all other programs, so thatthey don’t interrupt the burning process.Your playing and recording needs will change over timeIn this chapter, weve presented an overview of the many CD and DVD playing andrecording programs available. The best way to decide whether a program is suitablefor your needs is to trial it. You can also experiment with a free program – if thefreebie meets your need, that’s the perfect solution for you.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 30Chapter 4: Burning data to CD or DVDIncludes: ¨ Tutorial: Burning a data disc ¨ Creating a backup process that works for you – for home users, and for small business ¨ Tutorial: Protect your data with Backup4allIn this chapter, well discuss burning data to CDs and DVDs, and developing a backupsystem that works for you. Many computer users never sort out the vexing problem ofbackups, because the native Windows backup utility is so frustrating to use. However,there are much easier and simpler solutions, which will only take a couple of minutesa day, so find a program thats so easy to use that using it becomes a habit. Yourburner will take all the hassle out of backups so that youre in full control of your dataat all times.Picking the right format for your burn: data or audio?When you want to burn a disc, the first thing to do is to pick the format. Essentially,there are only two main formats: data and audio, with image files and videos beingclassed as data formats. If you choose, you can mix data and audio on CDs, in mixed-mode formats, with both data and digital audio on the same disc, however you cantplay a mixed-mode disc in a CD player. Its best to stick to audio format when yourecreating music discs: then you can be sure that the disc will play in any player. Remember: music requires audio format.Tutorial: Burning a data disk with BurnOn CD/ DVD FreeBurnOn CD/ DVD Free ( http://www.burnworld.com/burnoncddvd/index.htm ) iseasy and fun to use, even for computer novices. The program leads you through theContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 31burning process, so that its impossible to make a mistake. You can go back at anystage of the process, if you change your mind.Step 1: Choose a blank CD or DVD, and put it in your drive.The process is the same for discs, whether youre burning a CD or DVD, so the choiceis up to you. Chose a disc, and put it in the appropriate drive. As you can see in theimage below, when you start BurnOn CD/ DVD Free, the program displays the all theCD and DVD drives on your system, and the kind of media currently in each drive.On this system, the CD-RW drive has a blank CD-RW disc loaded. Choose the Disc Copying Wizard, on the left of the program window.2. Select the data sourceOn the next screen (below) youre asked for the location of the source data – thematerial you want to copy. Weve chosen to copy files on the hard drive to the CD. Make your selection, and click Next.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 323. Choose how you want your data to be saved – burn now, orlater?On the next screen you decide whether you want to burn the data, or save it to yourhard drive, as an image file. Creating an image file is useful if you dont want to burnthe data to disc immediately. You would do this if you anticipate that youll bechanging the data at some point, or in cases where you dont have the time to burnimmediately. Whats a disc image? A disc image is a copy of all the data created in a single file on your computer. If youve got an older computer, its a good idea to make a disc image before you burn the data to removable media. This avoids Data Under-run errors, which occur when your computer sends data to the burner too quickly, and the burner stops and aborts the burn. You could also choose to create a disc image if you run out of blank discs, or dont want to burn right away for some other reason. Once the data is stored as an image, you can burn it – in multiple copies if you wish – whenever you choose.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 33Weve chosen to burn the data to a CD. Make your choice, and click Next.4. Choose a destination for your dataOn this screen youll see a list of burners on your system. Choose your preferredburner, and click Next.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 345. Choose a file system typeOn this screen, you choose the file system type. You can choose the most commontype, which is the ISO9660 standard, or you can choose a UDF type. Universal Data Format (UDF) (packet writing) UDF is an alternative storage system, which has advantages if youre copying small amounts of data to a disc over time, as when making daily backups, for example. In the UDF system the disc is treated similarly to a floppy diskette, and individual sectors on a disc can be erased and reused on the fly. Therefore, if you were using a CD-RW as a daily backup disc, newer versions of files and folders would replace older versions on the disc. (UDF is also known as packet writing.) Make your choice, and click Next.6. Choose the files you want to burnOn the next screen you can choose the folders and files you want to add to your disc.Notice that a directory has been created for you: click Rename, to change the name.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 35 Browse to the data that you want to add. The gauge at the bottom of the fileselection area shows you how much space you have left on your disc. You can keepadding and removing data until the gauge fills.Click Next when youre ready.7. Choose your options for this burnMost of the options on this screen are self-explanatory. If youre burning a disc for thefirst time with a new burner, its a good idea to place a checkmark in the Test Mode(simulate burning) box to test your settings; if you test first, you don’t risk (if youreusing a non-rewritable disc), of wasting a disc. If you havent filled the disc, and want to add data to it later, place acheckmark in the Create Multi-session Disc box.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 36Click Next.8. Start your burnOn this screen, youre ready to go. Click Start to burn the disc. If youre burning a full disc, place a checkmark in the Close Wizard box, andyour burn will proceed without your attention – you can go and do something elsewhile the burn finishes.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 37Create a backup process that works for youHow safe is your backup system? If youve never made a computer backup, relax. Theprocess is simple.Your backup process should: ¨ Backup all the material thats important to you, as often as necessary for you to be able to recover from a disaster quickly, without losing vital data; ¨ Easy and fast to implement, and automated if possible; ¨ Be redundant – that is, you should have copies of critical files stored in several places, including off- site; ¨ Reviewed regularly; ¨ Tested. Test your backups to ensure that all the material you thought was backed up, actually was, and to ensure that files havent become corrupted.Your backup planTo create a backup plan: ¨ List all the data on your computer that you want to backup daily, weekly, and monthly. If youre a Windows XP user, you may opt to backup all the data inContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 38 you’re my Documents folder daily, My Music and My Pictures weekly, and My Photos monthly; ¨ Test your backups regularly, to ensure that you can restore files from CDs and DVDs; ¨ Ensure that you rotate your backup discs, so that you always have at least a couple of months of backups in reserve. Yes, you may never need them, but on the other hand, you may; ¨ Always have a supply of blank discs on hand.Tutorial: Protect your data with Backup4allDownload Backup4AllMany backup programs work in similar ways, by creating backup jobs, or items, orprojects. These jobs are groups of files that you want to back up to a location. Heres how this process works with a good basic backup program, Backup4allThis program makes the backup the process simple.1. Create a new backup group, and a new backup jobChoose New Group from the file menu. When the Create a New Group dialogue boxopens, type a descriptive name for your new backup group. Click OK. Your newgroups title will appear at the bottom of the shortcut bar. Click the group and it willopen. To create a new backup in your new group, click the New Backup icon, orpress Ctrl+N, and the wizard will open. Type a name for your new backup job. TheGroup dropdown list gives you the option of changing groups. Next, choose an iconfor your new backup job. The Description section lets you include notes on thisbackup item. Click the Next button when youve selected an icon and have entered adescription.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 392. Choose source files for your new backupThe Sources dialogue box will open, so you can choose the folders and files that youwant to include in this backup job. Navigate using the Add Directory and Add Filebuttons. Selecting a folder will select all the folders and files within it by default. Ifyou want to exclude folders or files from a selection, remove the checkmark. Whenyouve finished choosing, click the Next button. This dialogue box lets you choose a destination for your backup. Click thesmall folder icon to navigate to the destination you want to use for this backup job.Click Next. In this dialogue box, you can use filters to include or exclude files and folders.Press the Customize button to customize your file selection. Press the Finish buttonwhen youre ready.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 403. Backup your new backup jobYour new backup will appear in your new group in the shortcut bar. Press the Backupbutton on the bottom of the window to perform your first backup. To schedulebackups, right-click on the backup icon, and choose Properties. Then chooseScheduler in the icon bar on the left of the Backup Properties dialogue box. CheckEnable Scheduler, and you can choose your backup times and frequencies.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 41Youre now a data disc expertIn this chapter youve discovered how to pick the right format for your burn, and haveburned your first data disc. Youve also discovered how to create a backup processthats so easy that youre sure to keep it up.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 42Chapter 5: Burning music to CD or DVDIncludes: ¨ Burning words, as well as music ¨ Tutorial: Copying an audio CD using CD-Mate ¨ Downloading music online, and creating playlists ¨ Tutorial: Edit your audio files before you burnBurning audio: music and wordsBurning music is a lot of fun: you can take your entire music collection with you andplay whatever music youre in the mood to hear. You can also make compilationdiscs, just burning those tracks that you enjoy, and ignoring those that you dont. Youcan create compilation discs to suit your mood: music to play while youre driving towork to wake you up, and soothing music to calm your nerves when you drive home.When you copy your audio discs you can create your personal audio library. Note:copying is also known as "ripping". Audio copyright – what does it mean to disc copiers? Copyright and intellectual property laws are complex issues. Wikipedia has anexcellent discussion of copyright at this page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright As a rule of thumb, the fair use doctrine as its popularly understood permits you to make copies of optical media in case the originals are destroyed. As with some End User License Agreements (EULA) in software, if you can only use or listen to one copy of the item youve purchased at a time youre (probably) not doing anything illegal. However, if you make copies for your friends, or you make copies and sell them, you are.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 43Usually when you think of burning audio to optical discs, you think of burning music.However, audio also includes speech, and sound events. You can burn as audio anysound event that you can record. For example, if youre in a meeting or seminar, itsvery useful to record the event, and later burn it to disc. If youre a student, this makesan invaluable aid when youre studying for exams, and if youre a business person, therecord of an event, like a sales seminar, is often sold to people who couldn’t attend. Inthese days of digital video you can film the event too, but since video takes moreeffort and time, not to mention disc space, sound records of events are useful.Copy and burn your CD collection to discIf youre running Windows or a Mac, with the latest operating system a CD burner isbuilt into the operating system. However, these are bare-bones applications, and youllalmost certainly be looking for a program which is low-cost, or free, and which offersmore burning options. Of the many programs available, CD-Mate is a good choice.Tutorial: Copying an audio CD using CD-MateCD-Mate ( http://www.cd- mate.com/ ) is an easy program to use, even for novices,and the program has many options at an excellent price.1. Create an image file of the CD-ROMIn this process well make an image file of a disc first. You don’t need to do this.However, if you want to continue using your computer and burn a disc in thebackground, saving the image file first minimizes the chances of burn-failure. Its alsouseful if you want to make a couple of copies of a disc, perhaps at different times.You can burn the disc image as many times as you please. If you do want to save theimage file to use later, note the name and the location, and use your file manager tochange the name to something youre likely to remember. Its a good idea to save thefile in a new folder, too.To copy a CD, start CD-Mate, and click the Recording Wizard on the shortcut bar onthe left of the program window. Place the CD-ROM you want to copy into your CDburner.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 44When the Recording Wizard opens, choose the CD-ROM to Image File option.You can leave most of the options as they are on this screen. If youre short ofspace, you can use Disk Cleanup to recover space.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 45Then click Save, and the copy will begin.2. Burn the image file to CDPlace a blank disc into the burner.In the Recording Wizard, choose the Image File to CD-Recorder option.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 46This screen shows you the image file youre about to burn. You can navigate toanother folder by clicking the button with three dots.Click Recorder.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 47Your burn will proceed, and the disc will eject when its complete. Test your newdisc by playing it.Downloading music online – unlimited choices and musicIf youre looking for places to download music, youre spoiled for choice. No matterwhat your interests, youll find more free music, and chargeable music, than you couldlisten to in a couple of lifetimes. Some sites let you download a quantity of music fora monthly fee, and if youre keen, this is a good option.Free music onlineMany sites tout themselves as "free", but when you sign up, you discover that theres amonthly fee. The sites dont warn you of this until youve entered your name andemail address, so be wary. Read the About Us, or FAQ page first, to discover whetherthere are fees.For completely free music, go to individual musicians sites. Most provide tracks youcan download completely free. You can also find free music at Download.com(http://www.download.com/); the site lets you download free music in several genres.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 48Chargeable music: pay by track with iTunesThe iTunes ( http://www.apple.com/itunes ) audio player, from Apple, currentlyboasts over a million tracks, downloadable from its iTunes Music Store( http://www.apple.com/itunes/store/ ) . iTunes is available in both Windows and Macformats, and is free to download. You can sort your music into playlists, burn to CD,and convert music formats. You can also create smart playlists, which areautomatically updated, based on criteria youve defined.Chargeable music: all the music you want for a monthly fee fromNapsterThe reincarnated legal Napster and Napster U.K. ) lets you download all the musicyou want for a monthly fee. If youre a keen music fan, membership in the site savesyou paying for individual tracks and is a good investment.Creating music playlistsCreating your own playlists of music that you like to listen to while you work is greatfun, and very easy. All music playing programs let you create playlists. For example,Windows Media Player will create playlists for you automatically, it can also findmusic for you on the Internet, and will let you burn your playlists to CD.Real Networks RealPlayer offers many options, including ripping and burning CDs,as well as downloading music. In the latest version, it lets you mix CDsprofessionally, with track blending.Tutorial: Edit your audio before you burn – using an audioeditorIf youre creating your own music, there are many audio editors which let you tinkerwith the files youve created. For this tutorial, weve chosen Dexster( http://www.softdivshareware.com/audioeditor.html) , which is audio editor thatseasy to use.With Dexster students can record their own songs, plus create compilation CDs forparties. Parents can record bedtime stories, with accompanying songs, for youngerContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 49children. You can record, amplify, mix, and apply different effects, like fade in, andfade out, to get the sound exactly the way you want it. The program records fromdifferent sound sources, like a microphone and line- in, so it will digitally record yourold LPs and cassettes. The program supports WAV and MP3 files, so you can record,play, and mix in either format, and can convert from one format to the other byopening a file, and then saving it in the new format. Dexster has an intuitive interface,with several sets of straightforward icons along the top. Most of the program windowconsists of the waveform view to make the visual editing of your audio fileseffortless.Step One: Getting started with DexsterChoose Open from the File menu, and navigate to the track you want. Select the trackand click Open. The track will open. Choose WaveForm View from The View menu.Press the Play icon on the player toolbar on the top right of the program window. Asthe track plays, the selector ruler will move across the window, giving you a clearvisual display of the track. You can be as creative as you want to be as you mix thetrack. You can cut, copy, and paste sections of the file, insert from another file, anddelete and trim sections of the file.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 50Step Two: Setting markers and zoomingMarkers help you to keep your place in your audio file, and also help you to movequickly from one area of a file to another. To set a marker, click on the point whereyou want the marker to be created. Then choose Marker List from the View menu.When the dialogue box opens, click Add, OK, and the market is set. You can create asmany markers as you need.One of Dexsters most useful editing features is the ability to zoom into an audio file,to select precisely the area you want to work with. Click and drag to select an area ofthe file. Then choose Zoom In from the View menu. The area will be enlarged.Choose Zoom Out to return.Step Three: Mixing an audio trackMost of Dexsters editing and mixing options are available from the right-click menu.Click and drag to select the part of the file you want to work with, and right click.Choose the option you want. Trim, for example, will cut the selection. If you decideContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 51youve made a mistake, choose Undo from the Edit menu. You can copy sections ofthe file, and paste them, or mix them.Burning audio CDs and DVDs is easy and inexpensiveIn this chapter youve learned how to create an audio CD, and how to create your ownaudio mixes. Youve also learned how to assess online music sites.Next, lets looking at burning images.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 52Chapter 6: Burning images to CD or DVDIncludes: ¨ Create lavish photo albums on CD and DVD to keep your precious photos safe – and share them with others ¨ Business users: create CD and DVDs multimedia to use as marketing tools (for any small business, including real estate agents, and marketers – send your product lists and price lists to customers) ¨ Edit images ¨ Digital cameras: download your images from a camera, and burn them to CD/ DVD ¨ Find FREE images online, for both home and small business ¨ Tutorial: organize your image files for burning to optical discBurning images to optical disc is a low-cost way of preserving your preciousmemories. Transfer your photos to optical discs as soon as possible after you takethem, to safeguard against disc crashes. If you have stacks of paper photographalbums, start transferring them to disc too, especially old family photos. All you needis a scanner, and you can share your photos with your friends and family, and cancreate a permanent archive. Best of all, if youre transferring old photos to disc, youcan enhance them so that they look better than they did on the day they were taken.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 53Above: Preserve old images -- copy them to optical discMake the most of your family photosCreate photo albums on optical discIf you have a digital camera, you know that photos mount up with surprising speed.Of course, you always mean to get them organized, but somehow the time nevercomes. Before you know it, you have gigabytes of images, covering several years, andits time to upgrade your computer – or your computer crashes – and its goodbye tothose digital memories, forever.Its vital to take care of your digital image collection, before it gets out of hand.Heres a simple process to follow, each time you save images from your camerato your hard drive:1. Take a moment to view all the images, and delete any which are obvious discards.2. Save the keepers to a folder named after the event, or the place where the imageswere taken, and the date. For example, "Suzy birthday March 2005".3. As a safety measure, save the images to an optical disc immediately. If you burnthem to a CD-RW, you can reuse the disc after youve edited the images and created adisc photo album.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 54Above: burning unedited images to disc as a safety measure. Image editor ACDSeeat has a wizard which will burn images to disc at a click.Download ACDSeeEdit your images for your photo albumsBefore you create a photo album, you can edit your images: crop them, and enhancethem by removing redeye or other blemishes, so that you can create an album thatyoull be proud to send to family and friends.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 55Above: Editing an image with ACDSees FotoCanvas utility before adding it to analbum.Many image editors have a batch function, so that you can edit a whole folder ofimages simultaneously if you wish. You can also add text to your photos, as in theimage above. When youve completed editing, save your images to optical disc, andlabel the disc so that youll know what it contains.Want to dress up photo albums, so that they look like real photo albums? Manyprograms will let you do just that. Heres several to check out:Software to help you to create photo albums Recommended**: Photo DVD lets you turn your digital images into animated slide shows on DVD. A wizard walks you through the creation process; Express Album ( http://www.pollensoftware.com/expressalbum/index.html) has interesting backgrounds and skins to show off your images; Minos Album ( http://www.photoet.com/) generates realistic photo albums, with music – turn the pages by clicking on the corners;Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 56 FotoArchivPlus ( http://www.acx-software.de/index.php?c=Products- FotoArchiv) creates slideshows, photo albums with music, and much more.Your digital camera: moving images from your digital camerato discThere are a couple of options for moving images from your digital camera to anoptical disc: using the software which came with your camera, or using an image-editing program.If youre a new user, use the software which was provided with your camera untilyoure comfortable with the process. The software will copy the images to your harddrive, and you can then burn the images to disc with your favorite burner.When youre comfortable with plugging in your camera and copying images, you canuse an image editor to copy the images to your hard drive, edit them, and then burnthem to disc. Look for a menu option which says: "Acquire Images". The editor willgive you the option of using either your scanner or your camera, if you have bothattached to your computer.Find free and low-cost images onlineAll images are intellectual property, and copyright. Therefore all the images you seeonline belong to someone, and you cant appropriate them and use them for your ownpurposes without written permission. Luckily some sites do provide images whichyou can use, completely free of charge, for any use you might want to make of them –except resale. This means that you can use free images for your projects, whetherpersonal or commercial, but you cant copy the images into collections and makemoney by selling the collection.Read the information on any site from which you copy images, to read whatrestrictions are placed on the use of the images.Youll find free images at MorgueFiles ( http://www.morguefiles.com/) , which has awide range of high-resolution photos, which are suitable for print, and for the Web.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 57bigfoto.com lets you use its images providing you provide link or reference.DreamsTime ( http://www.dreamstime.com/res33627) offers a great selection ofimages, some free, and most costing an affordable $1 per image.Optical discs for business: creating disc marketing toolsOptical discs make excellent low-cost marketing tools. Many businesses both smalland large use them, because the cost of discs is minimal, and the marketing materialon the discs, like catalogs and price lists, can be easily updated.If you own a small business, consider using optical discs for: · Price lists · A complete copy of your Web site to send to new customers · Catalogs · Announcements of sales and special events · Digital brochures · Presentations · ManualsTutorial: organize your image files with Smart Pix ManagerDownload Smart Pix ManagerSmart Pix Manager is a fast, clever file viewer and organizer which simplifiesfinding and managing files on crammed hard drives.The program creates file databases, in which you can assign keywords anddescriptions to files, so that you can find any files you want quickly. The program isan ideal match for your optical disc burner, because it can generate pro-quality auto-playing slideshow CD and DVD discs with both music and text. You can also archiveimages to CD or DVD with thumbnail browsing and searching.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 58At the heart of Smart Pix Manager is a file viewer and multimedia player. The viewercreates image thumbnails of all files in any folder. When you click on a thumbnail,the viewer shows you the contents of the file. Double-click on a thumbnail, and audioand movie files will play, and you can edit and view your images and run slideshows.The program operates in three modes: Database, Folders, and Bookmarks. You clickfrom one mode to the other via large icons on the upper left of the programs screen.In Database mode, you create and manage databases. The Folders mode is a file andfolder navigator, and the Bookmarks mode lets you see a list of files youvebookmarked.Step One: Create a new databaseOn the programs opening screen, make sure that Folders mode is selected by clickingthe large Folders icon on the upper left of the screen. Then select New Database fromthe Database menu. The Create/ Open Database dialogue box will open. Type a namefor your new database, then click the Browse button to navigate to the location whereyou want to create the database. When the Select Folder dialogue box opens, you cancreate a new folder, or use an existing folder. The Go To button takes to you tofolders youve recently used. Click OK twice to close the dialogue boxes.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 59Step Two: Add folders to your databaseClick the Database mode icon on the top left of the program screen. Your newlycreated database opens, and you can add files to it. On the Database menu, select theAdd Files to DB Wizard. Select the folder you want to include, check the Also AddSub-Folders checkbox if you need to. Click the Next button to choose your file types.On this screen, you can add keywords to your folders. Click the Edit DefaultKeywords button to create new keywords. When youve finished, click Close, Next,and Finish.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 60Step Three: Add keywords and descriptions to filesIn Database mode, choose Toolbars, Keywords, from the View menu. The Keywordtoolbar will open. Press the Edit Keywords button, then click the New Keywordbutton. You can enter keywords, and also assign them to groups. Click OK, and Closewhen youve finished adding keywords.Download SmartPixSave your precious memories: burn them to optical discIn this chapter you learned how to manage your images and to safeguard them byburning them to optical disc. In the next chapter, well discover how to burn video.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 61Chapter 7: Burning video to CD or DVDIncludes: ¨ Getting started making movies; ¨ Converting VHS to digital; ¨ Downloading video, burning it to DVD; ¨ Tutorial: editing and burning a video movieIn this chapter, were going to go Hollywood, and discover movie magic, so you canmake your own video movies. If youve got some old VHS tapes which are slowlydeteriorating, youll see how to convert them to digital format, and burn them to DVD.Well cover downloading video, and saving it to DVD. Our tutorial will turn you intoa movie director, so that youre comfortable editing all your home movies.Getting started making your own videos Above: got a camcorder? Youre all set to become a video-makerThere are a multitude of video- making programs available. No matter what you wantto do, the process isnt complex. You can create a short video of the kids soccermatches, video a friends wedding, or turn semi-professional and make videos forContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 62others. The process of making videos on a camcorder, then transferring them to yourcomputer so you can edit them, and burning them to DVD isnt complex.First, consider your computer. If your machine is less than a couple of years old,youll be all set with a couple of minor upgrades, such as a video capture card (seeVideo Capture Hardware in this chapter) and a larger hard drive. Videos eat harddrive space: count on using one gigabyte per each four and a half minutes of rawvideo.If you have an older machine, get a new multimedia machine, and if video- making isa consuming interest, get a machine with the fastest processor you can afford. Youshould also aim for at least a gigabyte of Random Access Memory (RAM). The moreRAM the better, because your programs will work faster, and youll be able to runmore programs at the same time. The graphics card in your computer is anotherconsideration. With video editing, you need fast screen redraws, so you may need amore powerful graphics card than the one which is supplied with your machine.Save your old VHS tapes: convert them to digital format, andburn them to DVDMost of us have a stash of old VHS tapes. We havent played many of them in years,because we watch DVD movies. However, some of those old tapes containirreplaceable memories. You may have tapes of your children as they were growingup, tapes of your wedding, and other special celebrations. Dont leave them stacked inthe attic, or the garage where theyre likely to be destroyed over time: go digital.Yes, youll need some special hardware to convert the analog format of your tapes todigital format – hardware that acts as a bridge between your VCR and your PC – butyour memories are worth it. You need video capture hardware, and there are variousoptions according to your budget, and your level of technological proficiency.Video capture hardware: internal or external?If youre comfortable taking the case off your computer – or are prepared to get afriend or a technician to do it -- you can choose an internal analog capture card, whichContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 63lets you hook up your VCR to your computer via an S-Video or Composite RCAcable. Several of the most popular video capture cards include a TV tuner, so you canwatch TV on your computer, as well as record TV directly to your hard drive inMPEG2 digital format. Whats MPEG2? MPEG2 is a video compression format. Commercial DVD movies, home-recorded DVDs, and TV broadcasts all use MPEG2 to produce quality video images. TheMPEG2 codec let you select your choice of compression, so that you can burn DVDs at varying speeds.On the other hand, you may already have everything you need to capture video, if youbought your PC for multimedia. 3D graphics cards, which are popular with gamers,like the All- in-Wonder® X800 XT from ATI Technologies( http://www.ati.com/products/radeonx800/aiwx800xt/) , have everything you need toget your video from tapes to your computer.If you don’t have a multimedia graphics card, and don’t want to bother installing aninternal card, your best option is an external video capture device. These peripheralsplug into your computer via a FireWire or USB connection, and they are easy to use:just plug them in, and connect your VCR. Most come with a bundle of videocapturing and editing software, and are reasonably priced. For example, the PlextorConvertX PX-TV402U ( http://www.plextor.com/english/products/PX-TV402Uspecifications.htm) device plugs into your USB port, includes a TV tuner,and has an excellent bundle of software.The benefit of using a unit like the Plextor ConvertX PX-TV402U is that it undertakesall the encoding, which means that theres no strain on your computer, because itdoesnt need to re-encode the transfer in software.Connecting your equipment is simple. You connect your VCR to the external videocapture device, which is the bridge between the VHS player and your PC – theappropriate cables are supplied. Then you connect the external device to a USB portContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 64on your computer. Note: if youre short on hard drive space, invest in an additionalhard drive before you start transferring tapes to digital, because the process uses up alot of space.So, what can you do when youve transferred the tapes to your computer? Thats whenthe fun begins – you become a movie director. Check out the tutorial at the end of thischapter. Youll be amazed at how easy it is to turn your VHS videos into sizzlingextravaganzas.Your choice: video editing softwareYoure spoiled for choice when it comes to video editing programs. Heres a selection: ¨ If youre running Microsoft Windows XP, youve already got free video editing software: Movie Maker 2 ( http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/downloads/updates/moviemaker2.ms px) , which is better than many commercial programs; ¨ iMovie 4 ( http://www.apple.com/ilife/imovie/) from Apple does a great job if youre a Mac person; ¨ Ulead VideoStudio 8 is popular, and has many editing features;Tutorial: Editing and burning video with Magix Movie EditDownload Magix Movie EditMagix Movie Edit is a desktop video editor which helps you to turn your home videosinto something special. This program will appeal to you if you want a chance toproduce your own Hollywood mini-productions, or if you want to edit down hours offorgettable home movies into a few sparkling minutes of fun for the family totreasure. In addition to videos, you can edit photos and audio.For movie makers, the programs most useful feature is the Storyboard edit mode,which presents your videos scenes in outline, so that you can drag and drop scenes torearrange them in the most effective, or artistic, way. If you just want to tidy upContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 65videos youve already taken, you can use Magix Movie Edit to clean up your videos.The program can correct contrast, brightness, and sharpness problems, as well asstabilize shakiness by smoothing out the motion.The benefit of using Magix Movie Edit is that you can cut and edit your own videos,add titles, special effects, and sound to them, and then save them on CD or DVD, aswell as play them on your TV. The program is easy to use, and is crammed withfeatures. Theres an excellent Help system, which tells you everything you need toknow from initial tasks like capturing video from both digital and analogue sourceslike your camera and VCR, to sharing your productions by uploading them to theWeb.Step One: Create a title for your videoLoad the video to which you want to add titles into Magix Movie Edit by choosingLoad Movie from the File menu. On the programs main screen, click Title ObjectEffects on the Effects menu. A selection of title effects will open. Drag one of the titleeffects into the frame in which you want the title to appear. Double-click the frame,and the Title Editor will open. You can now edit the title, as well as change the font,Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 66background, and animation if you wish. Click OK when youve finished. Test the titleby pressing the Play icon in the video editor.Step Two: Add special effects to your videoMagix Movie Edit comes with special effects which are fun to use. Click on a framein the Video Editor. From the Effects menu, choose Video Object Effects, and thenVideo Effects. The Video Controller will open. You can create your own effects in theVideo Controller, or you can choose from the programs built- in special effects whichinclude Flip, Color Shift, and Whirlpool. When youve finished creating your effects,click the OK button.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 67Step Three: Burn your movie to CD or DVDMagix Movie Edit creates professional menus for your videos when you burn them toCD or DVD. In the programs main screen, click the Make CD/DVD tab on the topleft of the screen, and your current video will be burned. Youll be given the option todivide your video into Chapters. Dividing it into Chapters makes it much easier tolocate sequences, so that you can find them on the DVDs menu. Several sample menulayouts are included, or you can create your own. When youve finished creating yourmenus and layouts, press the Burn Disc button.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 68Making videos and turning them into movies is easyIn this chapter, youve learned how to start making your own videos, and how toconvert your old VHS tapes to digital format. The only challenges you mayexperience are that these processes demand a lot from your computer hardware. In thenext chapter, well discover how to transfer your old LP records and audio cassettetapes to digital format and burn them to CD.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 69Chapter 8: Transferring your old music LPs andcassettes to CD or DVDIncludes: ¨ Digitize your old LPs and music cassettes to CD or DVD ¨ Tutorial: LP Recorder – record your vinyl LPs to optical discDigitize and burn your old LPs and music cassettes to CD orDVDNow youre into the swing of burning, you can burn that stack of old vinyl records andmusic cassettes youve got in the garage to CD or DVD. Or perhaps youve bought astack of old LPs at a garage sales, and are wondering what, if anything you can dowith them.To get the music onto your computer, and from there to CD/ DVD, youll need: A turntable for your LPs and 45s A tape deck or cassette player for cassettes A cable to connect your stereos audio-out connection to your computers soundcards line- in connector A WAV file recorder WAV to MP3 conversion software and MP3 burning software (see the tutorial for LP Recorder in this chapter)Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 70Above: LP on a turntableYour turntableWhere will you find a turntable? You could ask relatives whether they have an oldturntable in an attic, you can find them at second-hand stores, and you can buy themonline at eBay. You can even find new turntables occasionally at some electronicsshops, because many people love old LPs and want to play them.In addition to a turntable, you need to hook up your turntable to an amplifier. Someturntables include an amplifier, but not all do. If yours doesn’t have one, hook it upthrough your stereo. If you hook the turntable directly to the soundcard on yourcomputer, the audio won’t record properly, because it’s too faint. You also need acable which change the two audio-out jacks from the stereo to a single cable to fit theline- in jack on your sound card; you can get it at Radio Shack or any electronic store.When you copy the music to your computer, the files will be in WAV format, andtheyll be large: around ten megs per minute of music, so make sure you have enoughContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 71space on your hard drive. An LP contains 45 minutes of music, so you need 450 megsof space.LP Recorder is easy to use.Tutorial: LP Recorder – record your vinyl LPs to optical dischttp://www.cfbsoftware.com/lprecorder/lprecorder.htmAbove: LP Recorder couldnt be easier to use, and its a music player, too.If youve got old vinyl Long Playing records you want convert to digital format, orcassette tapes youd love to turn into MP3s, LP Recorder will help you do that, and italso does much more. The program is a WAV file recorder, that is, it records audio inWAV format. WAV is a common audio format, which you can convert into otherContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 72formats like MP3. You can trial the program to see whether you like it, before youbuy.To get started recording an LP, connect the line output from your turntable amplifierto the line input of your soundcard. If youre not sure how to do this, check yourcomputers manual to locate the "line input" connection. When youve made theconnection, start your turntables amplifier, or if you want to record from tape, yourcassette player. LP Recorders screen has two tabs. Click the Recorder tab. Navigateto the folder to which you want to save your audio files. Type in a name for your firstrecording, making sure that you give it a WAV (".wav") extension, for example:mysong.wav.From the dropdown list on the Recorder tab, choose Line In. (LP Recorder has severalother recording options, including CD Player, Microphone, and Phone that you canexperiment with.) Place a checkmark next to the Auto Level checkbox, and if youregoing to let the recording proceed unattended, place a checkmark next to Auto Start/Stop. Press the Record button to start recording. If the recording doesnt start, checkthe Windows recording control; you may need to select the Line-in option manuallyon your system. You can stop the recording at any time to check the quality. To dothat, press the Stop button, then click on the Player tab. Select the audio file yourecorded, and press Play on the audio controls.If you intend to turn the songs on the LP or cassette into MP3s, record a song at atime, so that you can create an MP3 from each track.Dont lose your vinyl LPs – burn them to optical discIn this chapter you discovered how easy it is to transfer the data on vinyl LPs tooptical disc. In the next chapter, well tackle copying CDs and DVDs.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 73Chapter 9: Copying CDs and DVDs – extending yourdisc-burning skillsIncludes: ¨ Extending your CD and DVD recording skills with Mixed Mode and CD- Extra formats, and straight CD and DVD copying ¨ Tutorial: Burn a video with Cheetah DVD Burner ¨ Tutorial: Copy a DVD movie with 1Click DVD CopyWhat can you (legally) copy?You can copy and clone any and all CDs and DVDs that youve create yourself – thatis: data, images, music and videos that youve developed. Whenever you perform acreative function, that is, you write a song and record it, or record a video, or write adocument – YOU own the copyright. The material is copyrighted as soon as youcreate it, and no one else has the right to infringe on your copyright. As entertainmentand other companies wrestle with Digital Right Management (DRM) issues, the lawswill change over time.To avoid hassles, be aware of copyright laws whenever you decide to copy a discwhich is not your own material – see below, for an excellent primer on copyrightconcerns. The knotty issue of copyright Youve bought a CD or DVD. Its yours. Since you own it, youre allowed to do whatever you want with it, arent you?Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 74 Thats not so. You own the physical medium, and you have the right to playthe disc, and sell that disc or give it to someone else as a gift, but you havent boughtthe right to distribute copies, in any form. Music companies are taking legal action toprotect their copyrights, and both music and film companies are aggressively focusing on creating tougher Digital Rights Management (DRM) processes which will make music, films, and other entertainment material, as well as reference material much harder to copy. This page contains an excellent FAQ on essential copyright issues.Extending your disc burning skillsNow youre comfortable burning music, data and video, lets extend your burningskills. In this chapter well learn how to create a mixed- mode disc and CD-Extra disc,which contain both music and data, and well learn other copying skills too. If yourevery keen, you may even decide to tackle DVD Decrypter, which lets you decrypt andcopy DVDs to your computers hard drive. This is useful to take DVD movies withyou when you travel, on your notebook computer. However, be forewarned, copyingan entire DVD can take nine hours or more.Creating Mixed Mode and CD-Extra CDsYes, its possible to create a CD which contains both audio and data. Of course, thedata will not play in a CD player, it will be ignored. You create a combination disc bycopying data to the first track, and copying the audio on each successive track – this iscalled a Mixed Mode CD. You can also create a multi-session CD, with the audio inthe first track, and data in the other tracks – this is the CD-Extra format.You can create these kinds of discs using the appropriate software --- just about anyCD or DVD burning application can create them.In the images below, were using CD Mate to create a Mixed Mode CD, and a CD-Extra CD.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 75Above: Creating a Mixed Mode CD using CD Mates easy wizard.Above: Using CD Mates wizard to create CD-Extra CD.The CD-Extra format is popular for bands creating music CDs, because the band canshare information, and song lyrics, as well as the music.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 76 Create a bootable recovery disc for your computerIn the event of a computing disaster, if your hard drive crashes, you need a disc which contains enough of your operating system so that you can resurrect your system. Perhaps youve already created a bootable recover disc as part of your computerbackup procedure. A recovery disc is a disc which contains everything that you need to get up and running again if your computer dies. You dont often need it, but when you need it, you really need it. To create a bootable computer-recovery disc, look at your computers Help file – it will create one for you by leading you through the process. Store your disc somewhere safe. Cheetah DVD Burner (below) creates bootable discs. <-- Download Cheetah DVD Burner -->Tutorial: Burn a video with Cheetah DVD BurnerCheetah DVD Burner is an excellent small program which is a good toolkit for yourDVD burner. It lets you create data and audio CDs and DVDs, and burn DVDs, and itlets you use all the most popular formats: dual layer DVD+R, DVD+RW, DVD+R,DVD-RW, DVD-R, DVD-RAM, CD-RW, and CD-R discs. You can also createbootable CDs and DVDs, burn ISO files, and can create a full range of audio discs.Step One: Convert the video filesTo burn a video, you need to download and install the free Cheetah DVD Videoprogram which will convert WMV, AVI, MPEG1 and MPEG2 files to the DVD-compatible AUDIO_TS, and VIDEO_TS formats. This will create a standard DVDformat, which will be compatible with all home DVD players. The program joins allthe videos youve added together, to create burnable DVD files. When youve installed the program, open Cheetah DVD Video, and drag thevideo files you want to convert into the programs screen from Windows Explorer.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 77Above: Two WMV files ready to be converted to standard DVD format.When youve added all the files you want to convert, click the green Convert icon onthe toolbar. The program will ask you to select a folder for the new DVD files.Navigate to the folder you want to use – youre given the option to create a new folderif you wish. The decoding and converting will proceed. Depending on the length ofthe videos, it can take a while.Step Two: Add the files to Cheetah DVD BurnerWhen the files have been converted to DVD format, place a blank DVD in your DVDburner, and open the Cheetah DVD Burner program. It will recognize the kind ofDVD youve placed in the drive. If you have several drives on your system, navigateto the one that you want to use.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 78Above: Add your DVD files to the DVD disc: drag them from Windows Explorer.From the file navigator on the right side of the screen, drag the files onto the new discburning window on the left.Step Three: Burn your discWhen youve dragged the files across, click the green Burn Disc icon on the toolbar tostart the burning process. Note: this process causes a heavy drag on your system, soclose all other programs before you begin – youll want to burn discs when youre notdoing other work on your PC. Overnight would be a good time, because burningDVDs is a long process.Above: Click Burn Disc to start the burning process.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 79Tutorial: Copy a DVD with 1Click DVD CopyDownload 1 Click DVD Copy1Click DVD Copy does exactly what it says it will do. All you need to do is install theprogram, and copy your DVDs – it couldn’t be simpler. Dual layer media issupported, and you can compress the data, so that you can squeeze a complete DVDmovie onto one disc.Note: 1Click DVD Copy will only copy unprotected DVDs. To copy protectedmaterial, you need an additional utility like dvd43free.Step One: Install the programAfter you install, click the desktop icon, and the program will open.Step Two: Choose your optionsAs you can see below, the program gives you a choice of what to include. Click thecheckboxes for the added material you want to copy.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 80Above: The programs optionsWhen youve chosen your options, click Save.Next, put the DVD that you want to copy into your drive, and click Start to copy thedisc. The time it takes to copy the disc depends on the length of the movie or amountof other data, and the speed of your computer. For an average movie, count on aroundfifteen minutes if you have a fast machine.Step Three: Burn to DVDWhen the copying is complete, replace the DVD in the drive with a blank DVD, andclick Start again. The burning process will take around half the time it took the copythe disc to your computer.Youre a DVD-burn expertIn this chapter, youve extended your burning skills to an advanced level. You cannow copy and burn almost anything to DVD, including DVD movies. In the nextchapter, we’ll explore putting finishing touches onto your copied optical discs, for acomplete, professional touch, with menus and designer labels.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 81Chapter 10: The finishing touches – adding menus toyour disks and creating labelsIncludes: ¨ Tutorial: Get creative -- add menus to your discs ¨ Tutorial: Design and print labels for CDs, CD jewel boxes, DVDs, DVD boxes, and moreIn this chapter well put the finishing touches to your optical discs with menus andlabels. Our two tutorials will show you exactly how its done. Not only will menusand labels make your discs easier to use, theyll also make your discs more attractiveand professional. When youve got an entire library of discs stacked on your shelves,youll be able to put your hands on exactly the disc you want, with minimal effort.And of course, when youre sharing your discs with others, they will find that yourdiscs are easy to use. The programs weve chosen for the tutorials are Visual Autorun(menus) and MediaFACE (labels). Both are modestly priced. Add a READ ME file to your disc You dont need to add menus to everyday discs like backup or archive discs, which youre creating for your own use. However, you should create a simple READ ME text file and add it to the disc. Two years from now, when youve completely forgotten the files on the disc, your READ ME file will remind you.Tutorial: Adding menus to your discs with Visual Autorunhttp://www.digitope.com/vautorun/index.aspxContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 82Disc menus save time. A few months from now, you wont remember exactly whatson each disc; a menu will show you as soon as you put the disc in the drive. A menumakes it easier to find exactly the information you want, or the songs you want toplay. Menus are especially useful if youre creating a disc for someone else.The entire Visual Autorun program is a step-by-step wizard; if you follow theinstructions, youll create an elegant disc menu on your first attempt.Step One: Choose the files and folders you want to include onyour discOpen Visual Autorun. On the opening screen, click the Next button.Above: This is Visual Autoruns opening screen, which tells you what your menuscan do.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 83Above: Visual Autoruns second screen.On the following screen youre asked to copy all the files you want to include on yourCD to a single folder, arranged exactly as you want to burn them to CD.When youve done this, click the Browse button to browse to the folder youvecreated. Note: Visual Autorun doesnt include a burner; youll burn using anotherprogram. Click Next when youre ready.Step Two: What do you want the CD to do?On the next screen, you decide what you want your CD to do when its inserted in adrive.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 84Above: Select the appropriate radio button.For our example, weve decided to have the CD display a menu with files anddocuments. When the reviewer clicks a document name, the document will open.Click Next.Step Three: Setup the CDOn this screen, youll set up your CDs menu, as you want it to appear. If you have alot of files, you can create a multi-page menu.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 85Above: Setting up your CD.Add the pages, buttons and files that you want to include on the disc.Step Four: Create your design and preview the menuOn the next screen, you can choose menu backgrounds and colors. Click to Preview.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 86Above: A preview of the menu weve created. Click the button to close the window ifyou want to make changes.Step Five: Youre done!This is the final screen. Your menu has been created.If you want to burn the CD immediately, using Windows CD Burner, place acheckmark in the checkbox. Click Finish.If youre using another CD burner, close Visual Autorun, and start the burner. Youllfind that your menu file has been added to the folder, and when your disc is burned,the CD will do what you want it to when its inserted in your CD drive.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 87Above: Visual Autoruns final screen.Tutorial: Designing labels with Neato MediaFACENeato MediaFACE makes it easy to design labels for all your optical disc projects –and for other disks as well. You can create and print labels for the discs, as well as theinserts, and booklets to match. You can use any graphics you please: from image files,from your scanner, or from videos or your digital camera. If youre creating a musicdisc, the program recognizes music formats like CDA and MP3. When you register,the program also offers a media galley of 500 background images. You can print yourlabels on any paper, using a laser or inkjet printer. For the sticky labels for the discs,youll need to buy CD Core labels, which are widely available.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 88Step One: Select a project templateMediaFACE has templates for everything imaginable. As well as optical discs, thereare templates for floppy diskettes, and Jaz and ZIP disks. Open the Design Wizard,and select the appropriate template for your project.Above: MediaFACEs design wizardStep Two: Create the text layout and designWhen youve selected the project template, and the type of label, click Next. On thisscreen, you can choose to create a custom insert or label, or you can create a playlistfor an audio disc, or a file list of files that youre burning to CD. On the Custom tab, you can type in a title, and text. As shown in the imagesbelow, you can choose how you want to incorporate the label text into the design.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 89Above: Creating the text layout, first stepContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 90Above: Creating the text layout, second step – choose how you want to the text to beincorporated into the label designStep Three: Print your labelIn this final step, you can choose to print your label, or save the design. If you want toadd additional artwork to the label, choose Transfer, and the design will be transferredto the MediaFACE program.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 91Above: Save and print your label.Now you can add the finishing touches to your optical discsCreating menus and labels for your optical disc is a little extra work, but the resultsare worth it. In our next chapter, we’ll discuss what the future holds for DVD.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 92Chapter 11: What’s next for DVD?Includes: ¨ The war between the formats: Blu-ray and HD DVD ¨ What does this mean to you?You may have heard about the new DVD technologies, Blu-ray and HD DVD, andwondered what they are. Essentially, they mean bigger and better DVDs – discswhich will give you even better image quality on videos, and movies, and bettersound quality – all because theres much more space on each disc. How much space?Imagine 25 gigabytes of space on a single- layer Blu-ray disc and 50 gigabytes ondouble-layer disc.Blu-ray is heavily backed by Sony and a consortium of consumer electronicscompanies. They hope that hope that this technology will supersede standard DVD.Sony believes that as high definition (HD) TV becomes more popular, people willdemand DVDs with better picture quality. Columbia TriStar Home Entertainment, amovie company which is owned by Sony, has promised to release films on Blu- ray inlate 2005 or early 2006. However, other movie studios wont ditch DVD anytimesoon. Warner Bros. even has a financial stake in standard DVD, because the studiowas part of the consortium that developed DVD, and Warners therefore collectsroyalties from every DVD which is sold.The challenge for Sony is the cost. Upgrading to Blu- ray disc production will mean ahigh capital investment in upgrading equipment and facilities, and of course thecompany doesnt intend to invest hugely without some assurance that the new discswill be popular.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 93Theres a challenger to Blu-ray, and it comes from NEC and Toshiba. Thesecompanies are promoting HD DVD technology. HD DVD discs are smaller incapacity than Blu-ray, only containing 15 gigabytes on a single layer. However thebenefit is that because HD DVD discs are the same size as current DVDs, the cost ofupgrading manufacturing equipment will be smaller too.Red ray lasers versus violet ray lasersThe name Blu-ray comes from the color of the laser which writes to the discs. Whilestandard DVDs are written and read with a red laser, the new format uses a blue-violetlaser, so the name Blu-ray was chosen. Although different lasers are used, Blu-raydiscs can be made backwards compatible. A blue-violet laser, at 405nm, has a shorterwavelength than a red laser, at 650nm: the laser can be focused more precisely, andmore data is stored in less space.What does the new technology mean to you?Industry analysts expect that the Blu-ray format will eventually replace the currentformats in VCRs and DVD recorders, but that wont happen for many years.Consumers are used to the standard DVD formats, and until they understand Blu-rayand make a transition to HD TV, they wont have a reason to upgrade, so mass- marketuptake is some time off – unless a company comes out with a standout product likethe iPod – if such a product used Blu-ray, and took off with wild popularity, changemight come sooner.Because it offers such fantastic storage, the new Blu-ray format may eventuallybecome the standard for PC data storage and movies – unless NEC and Toshiba grabthat market with HD DVD. In April 2005, Sony announced that the next generationsof its Vaio notebook computers would include Blu-ray drives, and that next-generation PlayStation game consoles would also be based on Blu-ray technology too.Contact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com
    • CD and DVD Burning Exposed – Page: 94Happy DVD burning into the futureAlthough new technologies are on the horizon, and promise even better moviereproduction, and much more storage space, youll nevertheless be able to play allyour current CDs and DVDs on the new equipment.Youre now officially an optical disc expert, so we wish you many happy hours ofburning ahead!###For more CD and DVD Burning info pleasevisit:Burnworld.comAndBurningBits.comContact www.BurnWorld.com and www.BurningBits.com