Future of Hunger
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Future of Hunger

on

  • 747 views

Part of lecture at CRID, Chandigarh on Feb. 9, 2011

Part of lecture at CRID, Chandigarh on Feb. 9, 2011

Statistics

Views

Total Views
747
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
747
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Future of Hunger Future of Hunger Presentation Transcript

    • Patents, IPR, Greed & Agriculture The Future of Hunger Hemant Goswami
    • In dia n P a te n t s A c t 1 9 7 0Section 3: Wh a t a re n o t in v e n tio n s - The following are not inventions within the meaning of this Act, - (a) An invention which is frivolous or w h ic h c la im s a n y t h in g o b v io u s c o n t ra ry t o w e ll e s t a b lis h e d n a t u ra l la w s ; (b) An invention the primary or intended u s e o f w h ic h w o u ld b e contrary to law or morality or in ju rio u s t o pu b lic h e a lt h ; (c) The mere discovery of a scientific principle o r th e fo rm u la tio n o f a n a b s t ra c t t h e o ry ;…………..and…….
    • In dia n P a te n t s A c t 1 9 7 0(d) T h e m e re dis c o v e ry o f a n y n e w pro pe rt y o r n e w u s e for a known substance or of the mere use of a known process, machine or apparatus unless such known process results in a new product or employs at least one new reactant; (e) A s u b s ta n c e o b t a in e d b y a m e re a dm ix t u re resulting only in. the aggregation of the properties of the components thereof or a process for producing such substance; (f) T h e m e re a rra n g e m e n t o r re -a rra n g e m e n t o r du plic a tio n of known devices each functioning independently of one another in a known way; (g) A method or process of testing applicable during the process of manufacture for rendering the machine, apparatus or other equipment more efficient or for the improvement or restoration of the existing machine, apparatus or other equipment or for the improvement or control of manufacture; (h) A m e t h o d o f a g ric u lt u re o r h o rt ic u lt u re ;(i) Any process for the medicinal, surgical, curative, prophylactic or other treatment of human beings or any process for a s im ila r tre a tm e n t o f a n im a ls o r pla n t s to re n de r t h e m fre e o f dis e a s e or to increase their economic value or that of their products.
    • In te rn a t io n a l T re a t ie s a n d C o n v e n t io n sP a ris : Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, Paris, 07-07- 1884P C T : Patent Cooperation Treaty, Washington, came into force 24-01-1978B u da pe s t : Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure, Budapest, came into force 19-08-1980T R IP S : Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Marrakech, came into force 01-01-1995P L T : Patent Law Treaty, Geneva, came into force 28-04-2005
    • P a t e n t T re a tie s a n d In dia ’s S t a n dIn dia F a ile d t o pro t e c t it’s in te re s t We lacked the foresight to understand the ramifications. We directly and indirectly agreed to laws/conditions absolutely counter-productive to our economy, agriculture and science In dia n e v e r h a d a s t a n d! We w e n t b y m a n ipu la t io n s b y t h e de v e lo pe d w o rld, pa rt ic u la rly U S A a n d t h e U S C o u rt s . We b lin dly a c c e pt e d a ll w h a t w a s pu s h e d.
    • N e w L a w s – A ppa re n t ly G o o d L e g is la t io n s
    • Hidde n C o n n e c tio n s – P a tte rn s L e g a lis in g T h e Ille g a l
    • Hidde n C o n n e c tio n s – P a tte rn s L e g a lis in g T h e Ille g a l
    • Wh a t is N o t V is ib le
    • F a rm e rs R ig h t ? ? ?
    • T h e N e w S e e ds A c tR e pla c in g S e e ds A c t o f 1 9 6 6
    • A ll n e w le g is la tiv e a c t a re apla n to ro b t h e e c o lo g y a n dEtc… t h e fa rm e r
    • A g ric u lt u re a s in A rt ic le 2 4 6 o f C o n s tit u t io nL IS T II o f 7 th S c h e du le [E x c lu s iv e S t a t e L is t] It e m 1 4 : Agriculture, including agricultural education and research, protection against pests and prevention of plant diseases
    • P a te n ts b y t h e G o v e rn m e n t
    • I.P .R . o n F o o d What role IPR on Foods have to play in this? Is Indian IPR/Patents a Myth? Are our research institutions being cheated? Commercial exploitation/ licensing of Indian IPR/ Patents is just 0.5% of the patents registered. Wh o G a in s ? Wh o b e n e fit s ?
    • N e w L e g is la t io n in t h e P a rlia m e n t What is our Parliament trying to do? Who will gain out of our new legislation? The Seed Act, BRAI, etc. Why IP on Seeds, Subsidy on Fertilizers, GM Crop, etc. the main focus of the Government? Is th e re a c o n s pira c y to c o n t ro l h u n g e r?
    • C o n s t itu t io n o f In dia
    • V io la tio n o f A rt ic le 2 1Safeguarding commercial interest(Read Greed) and IPR’s on Foodand Agriculture is a definiteviolation of
    • C o n c e n t ra tio n o f We a lt hIndias total income tax assessesfigure is a 3.5 crore taxpayers. Of these, o n ly 8 5 ,0 0 0 people have a declared annual income of more than Rs 10 lakh
    • Wh a t Driv e s th e E c o n o m y Only 1%of people have ever invested in the share market. Major share-holdings is concentrated in less than 0 .1 % of investors
    • A g ric u lt u re – Ho w V a lu a b le fo r In dia India work force consist of 52 crores Out of which 60% directly work in agriculture [ Industry - 12% : services - 28% : unemployment 6.8%] Agriculture still remains the dominant sector that employs almost two thirds of people unemployed. It has acquired 29.4 percent of Indias GDP, employs over 67% of people and has occupied 43% of Indias geographical area.
    • B u t S t ill India ranks 65th out of 88 countries on the 2009 Global Hunger Index with worse under-nutrition ratesthan nearly 25 Sub-Saharan African countries. How did we reach here?
    • T h e n Wh y ? T h e n w h y w e a re t re a t in g o u r g re a t e s t w o rk fo rc e lik e th is ? Is t h e re a n a g e n da ?Is t h e re a c o n s pira c y ?
    • Wh a t ’s th e P ro b le m ?Is State responsible for it?Is this the biggest human rights issue of all times?Who all are behind this?
    • F ro m Wh e re th e Mo n e y C o m e s
    • Wh e re Y o u r Mo n e y G o e s
    • B u dg e t L a y o u t
    • F e rtilize rs T a rg e tB u dg e t : 2 0 1 0 -2 0 1 1
    • Wit h a ll t h e s e s u b s idie s h o w o u r a g ric u lt u re is do in g ?
    • T h e N e w s is n o t g o o d
    • B u t F e rt ilize rs
    • Wh e re a re w e s pe n din g ?
    • Wh e re a re w e g o in g ?
    • In dic a t o rs
    • B u t th e R e a lit y While Food Production increased 4/5 times; Chemical Fertilizers increased nearly 100 folds. Subsidy bill also increased by the same rate
    • T h is is t h eB ig g e s t S c a m o f A ll T im e sB ig g e s t V io la t io n o fHu m a n R ig h t s o f A ll T im e s
    • T ha nk Y ou Questions & Comments