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Cloud Computing Diffusion of Innovations Diane Burling Walden University EDUC 8841 Diffusion and Integration of Technology in Education Fall 2010
Why Cloud Computing Proper and affordable Accessibility
Need Sold on demand, typically by the minute or the hour; Elastic -- a user can have as much or as little of a service as they want at any given time; and the service is fully managed by the provider (the consumer needs nothing but a personal computer and Internet access)
Research Dates back to 1960, JCR Licklider; also computer scientist John Mccarthy 2.Internet hosting services expand on what is already in place- provide hosting services: Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). Sold on demand, elastic, no managing required by user
Development Privacy Issues Compliance Legal Open source/standards Security Availability/performance Sustainability Clients
Commercialization Public cloud Community cloud Hybrid cloud Private cloud Billed as a utility
Innovators & Early Adopters IT Professionals Ease of Use & Implementation No upgrade of equipment Use what is needed Accessibility Affordability
Late Entry Users Fear of new innovation Fear of technology Fear of the unknown… Training and support Hands on help by IT and Super-Users
Key Change Agents “Facilitating the flow of innovations … …matching the clients needs.” (Rogers, 2003, p.368) Assessing the need for change. Establish relationship with users. What’s wrong with the old way of doing it? Motivate and generate interest! Guided influence for change. Reinforce the message- we did this because.. Shift clients to self-reliance roles (Rogers, 2003).
Critical Mass Who is Using this Cloud? Social networking sites 500 million people using Facebook Webmail services like Hotmail and Yahoo mail Microblogging and blogging services such as Twitter and WordPress, Video-sharing sites like YouTube Picture-sharing sites such as Flickr, Document and applications sites like Google Docs, social-bookmarking sites like Delicious Business sites like eBay Rating and commenting sites such as Yelp and TripAdvisor.
“By 2020, most people won't do their work with software running on a general-purpose PC. Instead, they will work in Internet-based applications such as Google Docs, and in applications run from smartphones. Aspiring application developers will develop for smartphone vendors and companies that provide Internet-based applications, because most innovative work will be done in that domain, instead of designing applications that run on a PC operating system.” (PewInternet, 2010)
Why Change? It is easy and convenient Accessible from anywhere Information can be shared with anyone Information is not lost if computer crashes Decreased expenses for hardware Less dependency on IT professionals Private clouds eliminate security concerns
References Computerweekly.com. (2010). The history of cloud computing. Retrieved from http://www.computerweekly.com/Articles/2009/06/10/235429/A-history-of-cloud-computing.htm Pew Internet. (2010). The future of cloud computing. Retrieved from http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/The-future-of-cloud-computing/Overview.aspx Searchcloudcomputing.com. (2010). Retrieved fromhttp://searchcloudcomputing.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid201_gci1287881,00.html Wikipedia. (2010). Cloud computing. Retrieved fromhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing#History Youtube Video. (2010). The state of cloud computing. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QeYPsmSMONs