Madina city

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Madina city

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION NAME: Tahir MEHMOOD Kayani ROLL NO.: 03F-EE-10 INSTITUE: UET TAXILA Email Address: [email_address] [email_address] [email_address]
  2. 2. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENIFICIENT,THE MOST MERCIFUL
  3. 3. <ul><li>Presented to: </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Shahbaz Pervez </li></ul><ul><li>Presented by: </li></ul><ul><li>Tahir MEHMOOD Kayani </li></ul><ul><li>03F-EE-10 </li></ul>DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERINGANDTECHNOLOGY TAXILA, PAKISTAN. OCT. 24, 2005.
  4. 4. MADINA The City Of The HOLY PROPHET (s.a.w.) … historical insight
  5. 5. GOALS <ul><li>LOCATION AND AREA </li></ul><ul><li>HOW MADINA CAME INTO BEING </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENT NAMES </li></ul><ul><li>HIJRAT TO MADINA </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Madinah is located in the north-western part of the Kingdom, to the east of the Red Sea, which lies only 250 km (155 miles) away from it. It is surrounded by a number of mountains: Al-Hujai, or Pilgrims' Mountain to the West, Sala' to the north-west, Al-E'er, or Caravan Mountain to the south and Ohud to the north. </li></ul><ul><li>Madinah is situated on a flat mountain plateau at the junction of the three valleys of Al-Agl, Al-Aqiq, and Al-Himdh. For this reason, there are large green areas amidst a dry mountainous region. </li></ul><ul><li>The city is 620 meters (2,046 ft.) above sea level. Its western and southwestern parts have many volcanic rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Madinah lies at the meeting -point of longitude 39 and 36 degree east and latitude 24 to 28 north. It covers and area of about 50 square kilometers (19 square miles). </li></ul>LOCATION AND AREA
  7. 7. HOW MADINA CAME INTO BEING <ul><li>Saam Bin Nouah was among those 81 who survived after the disastrous storm. His family laid the foundation of Medina. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews came with MOSES to offer Hajj, they found the properties of Medina similar to “Zaat un NAKHAL”, a city described in BIBAL. </li></ul><ul><li>9 centuries before Islam, heavy Flood in Yemen. Oase and Khizraj came from there and settled in Medina. </li></ul>
  8. 8. DIFFERENT NAMES: <ul><li>S ome of the commonly used names are:- </li></ul><ul><li>“ Kaba, Taiba, Taeba,Iman, Haram-i-Rasool (s.a.w.), khaira, Darul Hijra, Darul Khair, Darul Aman, Dar uSalam, Asima, Masouma, Ard Ullah, Syed ul Baldan, Al Momina, Dar ul Abrar, Al Mubaraka, Shafia, Al Miskina.” </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the above names are also mentioned in BIBAL. These are MADINA, TAEBA, AL MISKINA & TAIBA. MADINA is the most famous of all. </li></ul><ul><li>Yasrab was also one of the ancient names. But it was not liked by the PROPHET OF ALLAH (s.a.w.) as it means “woe and grief”. </li></ul>
  9. 9. HIJRAT TO MADINA <ul><li>Hazrat MUHAMMAD (s.a.w.), in 622 AD , left Mecca just as his enemies were preparing to martyr him, and he arrived in Medina eight days later. </li></ul><ul><li>His imigration became known as the Hegira (Arabic hijrah) and marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>Selected the home of Hazrat Abu Ayyub Ansari (A.B.P.H.). </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>This was a historical move. This decision was related to the an ancient King of YEMEN “ SHAH TABA ASAD BIN KARB”, who recognized Hazrat MUHAMMAD (s.a.w.) as the last PROPHET of ALLAH 7 centuries before Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>He handed over a letter to show his faith to a Jew scholar of his court and build a double storey building for the PROPHET (s.a.w.) to live. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazrat Abu Ayyub Ansari (A.B.P.H) was in the family of that Jew Scholar. </li></ul>HIJRAT TO MADINA (contd.)
  11. 12. THANKS FOR YOUR CONCENTRATION

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