Writer and journalist Theodor Herzl , founder of modern political Zionism, published a pamphlet in 1896 advocating the establishment of a Eretz Yisrael . Herzl is considered one of the great influences on the formation of Israel.
During World War I, the British promoted the Zionists. The declaration, contained in a letter from Foreign Secretary Arthur J. Balfour to a Chaim Weizmann , approved the establishment in Palestine of a “national home for the Jewish people.”
Russian-born chemist Chaim Weizmann helped secure the British government’s approval of the 1917 Balfour declaration. He later served as the first president of Israel, from 1949 to 1952 .
Herzl recognized that anti-Semitism would further his cause, the creation of a separate state for Jews.He wrote that Zionism offered the world a welcome “ final solution of the Jewish question .” Zionism was supported by the German SS and Gestapo . Hitler himself personally supported Zionism.
Transfer Agreement implemented in 1933 is an important example of the cooperation between Hitler’s Third Reich and international Zionism.
Hitler and the Zionists had a common goal: to create a world Jewish Ghetto as a solution to the Jewish Question.
“ My awareness of the essential nature of Judaism resists the idea of a Jewish state with borders , an army, and a measure of temporal power, no matter how modest. I am afraid of the inner damage Judaism will sustain -- especially from the development of a narrow nationalism within our own ranks, against which we have already had to fight strongly, even without a Jewish state”
In a letter to the NY Times in 1948, Albert Einstein warned of the insidious fascism of the Israeli Freedom Party . The Freedom Party had its roots in right-wing terrorism .Freedom Party merged with many others to form the Likud Party .
David Ben-Gurion served as the first prime minister of Israel when the country was created in 1948. Prior to that time, Ben-Gurion had worked for the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.. His determined efforts were rewarded in 1948 when Britain recognized Israel as an independent state.
On May 14, 1948 , at midnight, the British mandate over Palestine ended, and the Jews declared their independence in the new state of Israel. Israel owed its existence to a unique set of circumstances:
Western sympathy for Jewish suffering;
the political influence of American Jews in securing the support of President Harry S. Truman;
Britain's loss of will to continue its rule in Palestine; and,
The Yishuv's determination and ability to establish and hold on to its own state.
1948 Arab-Israeli War In 1948 combined forces of several Arab nations and Palestinian guerillas attacked the newly independent nation of Israel. Israel defeated the Arab forces between 1948 and 1949, taking much of the land that had been granted to the Palestinians by the United Nations in 1947.
In 1952 he was appointed deputy director-general of the ministry of defense; within a year he was promoted to director-general. He established close military cooperation with the French government, which helped him develop Israeli governments weapons industry and establish Israel’s nuclear weapons program .
France built the reactor and ex-traction plant secretly in the Negev desert, at a site called Dimona .
Plumbat affair In 1968 Israel skirted nuclear export controls by diverting 200 metric tons of Belgian uranium in barrels marked Plumbat on the high seas.
From 1959 to 1963 Israel imported 20t heavy water from Norway and 3.9t from the United States. This would supply Dimona indefinitely if the reactor stayed at its rated power of 24 megawatts.
In a September 4, 1974 , CIA concluded, " We believe that Israel already has produced nuclear weapons from Dimona’s Plutonium."
During the 1973 Arab-Israeli war, Israel reportedly assembled 13 bombs and readied them for use. In May 1985 a Los Angeles businessman, Richard Smyth, was indicted for smuggling to Israel 810 high-speed electronic switches, called krytons , which are used as nuclear weapon detonators. Smyth vanished a week before he was to appear for trial.
Mordechai Vanunu , who worked at Dimona for 8 years. In September 1986 he detailed Israel's production techniques to the Sunday Times , providing almost 60 color photographs of Israel's underground bomb factory.
According to Vanunu's data,
has 100 to 200 advanced fission bombs,
has mastered a thermonuclear design,
has a number of thermonuclear bombs ready for use.
Dimona, is producing 40 kilograms per year , which is enough for 10 advanced fission bombs. Dimona is also making tritium and deuterium, the thermonuclear bomb ingredients.
After telling his story to the Sunday Times, Vanunu disappeared on September 30. He turned up 2 weeks later in an Israeli jail charged with espionage and other crimes. Vanunu said he was kidnapped in Rome, though Israel refuses to say how he was arrested.
Anticipating an Arab invasion, Israel attacked and defeated its Arab neighbors in the Six-Day War of 1967.
On June 8, the U.S.S. Liberty , a U.S. Navy electronic intelligence vessel was attacked by Israeli planes and motor torpedo boats. More than 30 officers and men of the Liberty were killed and 75 wounded
Signed by Jimmy Carter , Anwar al-Sadat and Menachem Begin in 1978, the Camp David Accords led to a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel the following year. Sadat and Begin shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.
Egyptian president Anwar al-Sadat was assassinated in Cairo by Islamic extremists within the Egyptian army on October 6, 1981 . They killed him for negotiating a peace agreement with Israel in 1979.
An uprising by Palestinians against Israeli rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip territories.
180,000 Israeli troops deployed.
Israeli forces killed more than 1,200 Palestinians, including 344 children younger than 16.
Madrid Conference & Oslo Peace Accords In September 1993 , Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, left, and Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasir Arafat, right, agreed to the signing of a historic peace accord. In July 1994 Yitzhak Rabin, and King Hussein of Jordan, came together in the United States, in the presence of Bill Clinton, to sign a peace agreement ending 46 years of war and tension between their countries.
After the United States, the principal donor of both economic and military aid to Israel is Germany.
By far the largest component of German aid has been in the form of restitution payments to victims of Nazi atrocities
The total of German assistance in all of these categories to the Israeli government, Israeli individuals and Israeli private institutions has been some $31 billion
All of the $45.6 billion in U.S. foreign aid to Egypt since Egypt made peace with Israel in 1979 (compared to $4.2 billion in U.S. aid to Egypt for the preceding 26 years ). U.S. foreign aid to Egypt, which is pegged at two-thirds of U.S. foreign aid to Israel, averages $2.2 billion per year
America’s $84.8 billion in aid to Israel from fiscal years 1949 through 1998, and the interest the U.S. paid to borrow this money, has cost U.S. taxpayers $134.8 billion.
Probably the only members of Congress who even suspect the full total of U.S. funds received by Israel each year are the privileged few committee members who actually mark it up. And almost all members of the concerned committees are Jewish, have taken huge campaign donations orchestrated by Israel's Washington, DC lobby , the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), or both.