Our focus of research is all the universities of which has been working in pakistan. We have tried to collect the data of all the universities of . There is ninety eight 98 universities and institutes in both private and public sector presently working in Pakistan, they have further gives affiliation to other parties and opened their own campuses in deferent locations of Pakistan. By implementing the recommendations given at the end of the research and by using the TQM tools in educational institutes the institutes can improve their quality and helps the government and nation to achieve their objectives and goals.
Higher Education History in Pakistan Growth of Public Universities in Pakistan University Grants Commission (UGC) 54 18-11-2003 30 2000 20 1990 15 1978 7 1968 4 1957 2 1947 No. of Universities Year
Private sector Universities Higher Education Commission Pakistan Total Up to 1995 = 10 Now in 2003 = 44 Growth Rate = 340%
Growth of Private & Public recognized Universities Universities Guide Book 2002 HEC
The primary data has been collected through questionnaires, interviews and personal observations from the student, common peoples, management of universities, and officials of UGC, HEC, PNAC and employer etc.
Secondary data has been collected from government publications, literature available at the library of UGC, National Library and others also from internet.
1.Which one do you think is the more critical problem of Poor Education 100.0 100 Total 5.0 5 others 31.0 31 Role of Regulatory Body (U.G.C/ P.E.C etc.) 11.0 11 Inequality in standards of Private & Public Universities 27.0 27 Examination System 7.0 7 Inequality in courses of different schools/universities 19.0 19 Percent Frequency
2. Are you satisfied with the Role of Regulatory body for education system 100.0 100 Total 21.0 21 strongly not satisfied 22.0 22 not satisfied 41.0 41 neutral 14.0 14 satisfied 2.0 2 strongly satisfied Percent Frequency
3.To what extent the management of institute or university fulfill their Responsibilities 100.0 100 Total 12.0 12 highly irresponsible 20.0 20 not responsible 28.0 28 neutral 26.0 26 responsible 14.0 14 highly responsible Percent Frequency
Questionnaire, Findings 8. What you think that by getting ISO certification the institutes and universities can improve their education quality 100.0 100 Total 5.0 5 Strongly disagree 9.0 9 disagree 10.0 10 neutral 50.0 50 agree 26.0 26 strongly agree Percent Frequency
9. If you are student and planning to get admission for higher education. Will you prefer an ISO certified University? 100.0 100 Total 2.0 2 not at all 11.0 11 no 15.0 15 neutral 30.0 30 not too much 42.0 42 strongly Percent Frequency
Confidence Computer literacy General Knowledge Language s Latest Knowledge Character Wisdom Basic know-How Presentation skills Appearance organizational Process Environment Technologies Furniture Building Computers Libraries Books Student IN PUTS OUT PUTS Faculty EDUCATION PROCESS
Data & Statistics Student Survey Graduating Student Survey Alumni Survey Employer Survey Faculty Survey Academic unit data & Statistics Library user survey IT User Survey New student Survey Parent Surveys International student Survey Donors Surveys University Employee Surveys HIGHER EDUCATION QMS
University Reports & Benchmarks
Academic Unit Reports & Benchmarks
Department Reports & Benchmarks
Academic Domain Campus Domain RESULTS Quality Management System For Universities
To find out and understand the expectations of students, parents and donors
Discover the satisfaction motives of student.
To find employer’s satisfaction with employees.
Understand how to improve educational outcomes.
Establish a complaint resolution tracking mechanism.
Adopted Seven Element Model for Quality Improvement Adopted from Ersoz, Clara Jean, M.D Philosophy + vision + strategy+Ability+ Resources + Motivation + coordination = Accomplishment No philosophy = No follower No Vision =Confusion No strategy = False stars No Ability = Nervousness No resources = Frustration No motivation = Anger No Coordination = No synchronization
ISO 9001:2000 Clauses & Interpretation for Educational Institutes
Higher education in Pakistan is in urgent need of reform. At present it is not contributing effectively to economic growth of the country. The universities are neither geared to create new knowledge nor do their graduates study programmer which measure up to international standards.
The supply of funds to the universities is limited and there is a great potential in the universities for generating funds but real efforts are not being made to explore the possibilities for resource developments.
In addition there is improper utilization of funds available to the universities. Inadequately equipped libraries and laboratories and a shortage of qualified teachers continue to hinder the progress of higher education towards excellence.
I would like to recommend that the universities should get ISO registration on the bases of questionnaire results it is quit clear that the customer demand is ISO certified Universities, they will prefer certified Universities and the believe that by getting ISO certification the quality of education will improve
Merit should be the only consideration for entry to higher education. Access to higher education, should :be based on entrance tests.
For carrying these tests a National Testing Service should be established.
It may be hard, it may be rough, what ever is the maze please do ask