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Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
Advanced 3D Printing Materials
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Advanced 3D Printing Materials

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This is a presentation I made for the Pacific Design and Manufacturing conference in February, 2014. There were three presentations and this was the first one. It takes a look at some of the new …

This is a presentation I made for the Pacific Design and Manufacturing conference in February, 2014. There were three presentations and this was the first one. It takes a look at some of the new materials in 3D Printing.

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  • Can now process “nickel based super alloys”
  • alumina, synthetically produced aluminum oxide, Al2O3, 
  • Transcript

    • 1. Advanced Applications of 3D Printing Panel Discussion from Mark Burhop, Boris Fritz, and Erick Wolf Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Smarter decisions, better products.
    • 2. Our Three Presentations • Exploring new materials and their applications for design and manufacturing • Mark Burhop, Director of 3rd party Ecosystems for Mainstream Engineering, Siemens PLM Software • The new industrial revolution: additive layer manufacturing and its transition into nanomanufacturing • Boris Fritz, Engineer 5- Prod Ops Manufacturing Technology Development, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems • Applications of desktop 3D printers for rapid prototyping • Erick Wolf, President, Airwolf 3D We will do a Q&A at the end for all the panelists Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 2 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 3. “Material Changes” in Additive By Jason Newell (Content update by Manufacturing Mark Burhop) Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Smarter decisions, better products.
    • 4. Agenda for Today Exploring new materials and their applications for design and manufacturing • Why are new materials key to additive manufacturing growth. • Skipping the prototype phase using materials that can be taken straight to the manufacturing • How composite materials are allowing sturdier items to be produced whilst using reduced material volume Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 4 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 5. Introduction Mark Burhop - Siemens PLM– Programs Director, Mainstream Engineering Technology Ecosystem • Works with companies that provide complementary technology to our design, analysis and manufacturing software tools. • Closely following the AM industry and technology. Globally, Siemens is also a user of these technologies. Also active on social media. @burhop on twitter http://siemens.com/plm/blog Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 5 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 6. Why are new materials important • Today‟s prototypes are easy. Just save an STL file and give it to the shop guy or service bureau. • Accuracy. Not a big concern. Use • Color. Pick one. • Material. Pick a “plastic”. Today Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 6 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 7. New materials increase the scope of additive manufacturing Tomorrow‟s Additive Manufacturing • Demand won‟t be for just prototypes. • We will need accuracy in manufacturing (tolerance, strength, predictability) • Software that can help create precisely (additive) manufactured parts. Use New materials are key! • • Mixed materials and material properties that can be tuned at any place in the model. • Reinforced materials • Future A bigger pallet of materials. Materials that last Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 7 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 8. 3D printing for final part production up 23% Aerospace, jewelry, and medical/dental are among the industries using 3D printing for final parts. 3D printing for final part production up 23% On the eve of the 3D printing industry‟s largest conference, a leading analyst firm in the industry says the use of 3D printing for the production of parts for final products is getting close to 30% of all 3D printing. http://gfxspeak.com/2013/11/18/3d-printing-for-final-part-production-up-23/#sthash.gfR74APf.dpuf Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 8 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 9. Direct to Part Manufacturing • The use of 3D printing for final part products continues its long-term growth trend. (Source: Wohlers Associates) • “final part production created by 3D printing processes rose to 28.3% of the $2.2 billion spent last year on 3D printing products and services worldwide”. http://gfxspeak.com/2013/11/18/3d-printing-forfinal-part-production-up23/#sthash.CaXFEBHn.dpuf Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 9 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 10. Growing industry Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 10 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 11. Existing materials form 3D Systems http://www.3dsystems.com/materials/Production 3D Systems Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 11 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 12. EOS materials https://www.eos.info/material-p Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 12 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 13. Expanded use of additive manufacturing because of newly supported materials “The strength of the technology is that it can be used to produce complex individual pieces or parts that are needed in small quantities,” says Krüger. “A classic example from our own product development is a new duct system, known as a „transition duct‟, for gas flows in gas turbines,” says Martin Schäfer, who has been working with this technology at Siemens CT since the late 1990s. “This curved, thin-walled part has very small channels, and it’s extremely difficult to make it with conventional technologies such as casting and milling. But with additive manufacturing, these metal parts can be produced right from a computer in just a few days, instead of weeks,” says Schäfer. All rights reserved. Siemens AG 2013 Page 13 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 14. Worlds Hardest Christmas Tree Siemens uses 3D printing processes to speed up gas turbine repair. For certain types of turbines, defective burner parts are simply reprinted, reducing repair times by as much as 90 percent. Olaf Rehme of Siemens Corporate Technology also uses one of the super-hard special steels that can withstand extreme conditions. http://www.siemens.com/press/en/presspicture/pictures-photonews/2013/pn201317.php Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 14 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 15. Siemens: Gas Turbine Burner Repair Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 15 20XX-XX-XX https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zG_yZmwPhIU Siemens PLM Software
    • 16. Aluminum Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 16 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 17. Nickel Alloy and Titanium Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 17 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 18. Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) • (HIP) is a manufacturing process used to reduce the porosity of metals and increase the density of many ceramic materials. This improves the material's mechanical properties and workability. • The HIP process subjects a component to both elevated temperature and isostatic gas pressure in a high pressure containment vessel. Pressure is applied to the material from all directions (hence the term "isostatic"). • When castings are treated with HIP, the simultaneous application of heat and pressure eliminates internal voids and microporosity through a combination of plastic deformation, creep, and diffusion bonding; this process improves fatigue resistance of the component. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_isostatic_pressing Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 18 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 19. Carbon Fiber The properties of carbon fiber, • high stiffness • high tensile strength • low weight • high chemical resistance • high temperature tolerance • low thermal expansion http://www.hotrod.com/techarticles/body/hrdp_1212_how_to_lay_up_c arbon_fiber_at_home/photo_05.html Popular in aerospace, civil engineering, military, and motorsports, along with other competition sports. Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 19 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 20. critical length, lc, The Fibers do not have to run the entire length. They just have to be “long enough.” The minimum fiber length for a continuous fiber composite lc= critical length sf= tensile strength of the fiber d = diameter of the fiber tc = shear strength of the bond between the matrix and the fiber Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 20 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 21. Carbon Fiber in 3D printing • “Short Chopped Carbon Fibers” to reinforce PLA. Proto-Pasta on KickStarter (FDM/FFF process) • As the nylon is melted by the laser it encapsulates the carbon fibers, leaving very tiny ends of the fiber protruding from the nylon. Next, the machine applies another layer of nylon over the just-melted layer: As the laser melts the subsequent layers of nylon the carbon fibers become interwoven from layer to layer – creating a very strong composite. http://nwrapidmfg.com/blog/2012/06/25/carbon-fiber-fillednylon-a-material-alternative/ (SLS process) Getting fibers running in all directions would be very valuable. Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 21 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 22. Carbon Fiber Printers • The MarkForged Mark One Carbon Fiber printer. • “continuous Fiber” printer. • Just announced so I do not have a lot of information. http://markforged.com/ Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 22 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 23. Graphene Graphene can be described as a one-atom thick layer of graphite (carbon). High-quality graphene is strong, light, nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of heat and electricity. adding graphene to polymers which are conventionally used in 3D printing improves the properties of the polymer in many different ways; it improves the polymers mechanical strength as well as its electrical and thermal conductivity Graphenea found that the addition of as little as 0.22 percent of graphene to alumina made it 50 percent more resistant to the propagation of cracks under strain Source: http://www.graphenea.com/blogs/graph ene-news/8689765-graphene-reinforcedalumina-tougher-and-more-conductive-thanplain-a Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 23 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 24. Homogeneous Material in a Square Rod Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 24 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 25. Homogeneous Material in a Square Rod Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 25 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 26. Heterogeneous Material in a Square Rod Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 26 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 27. Stress Distribution is Heterogeneous Square Rod Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 27 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 28. Professor Yong Chen and his team at the university of Southern California (USC) Viterbi School of Engineering Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 28 20XX-XX-XX http://vimeo.com/79412743 Siemens PLM Software
    • 29. What is next? Materials beyond manufacturing… Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 29 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 30. Paper Mcor Technologies Full-Color 3D Printing with standard paper http://www.mcortechnologies.com/ Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 30 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 31. Concrete Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 31 20XX-XX-XX Source: UC Berkeley Department of Architecture and Software Siemens PLM Luxology
    • 32. Sugar Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 32 20XX-XX-XX Photo by Zach Burhop – at CES 2014 Siemens PLM Software ChefJet line of 3D printers from 3D Systems
    • 33. Chocolate Examples of chocolates created by the 3D chocolate printer (Photo: EPSRC) Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. http://www.gizmag.com/3d-chocolate-printer/19121/picture/137279/ Page 33 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software
    • 34. Conclusion • Ability to print in a growing number of materials will expanding additive manufacturing reach, especially for “direct to part” 3D printing. • Composite materials are becoming important to addressing many of the limitations of existing materials used in additive manufacturing. • Mixed materials have the potential to allow designers to create entirely new products, especially where tuning of material properties is key. Finally! As this is February 13, Be sure to take home sample materials, preferably in a heart shaped box. Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved. Page 34 20XX-XX-XX Siemens PLM Software

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