Institutional StrengtheningInstitutional Strengthening
for the Water Resourcesfor the Water Resources
Sector in IndonesiaS...
IWRM- Water for people, economyIWRM- Water for people, economy
and riversand rivers
i. Share surface and ground water betw...
Framework for AssessmentFramework for Assessment
Five Attributes For Effective
Water Resources Management
1.Institutions, ...
InstitutionsInstitutions
• All water resource management in one
Ministry
– Combines management of surface water,
groundwat...
Institutions, Policies and LawsInstitutions, Policies and Laws
Robust Framework-Singular Roles:
- Avoid duplication, overl...
Institutions, Policies and LawsInstitutions, Policies and Laws
Separation of roles :
i. Resource manager
ii.Regulator
iii....
Water Resources Regulatory FrameworkWater Resources Regulatory Framework
Guiding Principles: Separation of Roles, Accounta...
Water Allocation SystemWater Allocation System
Source: Victorian Department of Water
Integrated Modelling for EvidenceIntegrated Modelling for Evidence
based Policy and Planningbased Policy and Planning
Catc...
Financing (and Asset Management)Financing (and Asset Management)
DEVELOPING
POOR
Infrastructure
Investment
GDP
DEVELOPED
*...
Sources of FinanceSources of Financei. Government recurrent budget and one off grants
ii. Water user charges for asset ope...
PRELIMINARY FINDINGSPRELIMINARY FINDINGS
AND DIRECTIONSAND DIRECTIONS
Laws and RegulationsLaws and Regulations
(para 39- 54)(para 39- 54)
• UU 7/2004, broad framework law
• 108 supporting regu...
Laws and RegulationsLaws and Regulations
• Roles and responsibilities (para 48-49)
– Non exclusive functions between Natio...
Laws and RegulationsLaws and Regulations
Water rights and allocation (para 50)
– Agreement of the regulation a high priori...
Laws and RegulationsLaws and Regulations
River basin planning (para 51-53)
– Guidelines seem mostly appropriate
• More gui...
Whole of Government ApproachWhole of Government Approach
(para 55- 60)(para 55- 60)
At least 4 separate Ministries with pr...
Streamlining River Basin ManagementStreamlining River Basin Management
• Whole territory or where needed?
• Better separat...
Management area:
Streamlining River Basin ManagementStreamlining River Basin Management
River Basin Management Units Area ...
ENDEND
Some Food for Thought?Some Food for Thought?
1= Very high
2= High
3=Moderate
4= Low
Need Impact Ease Feasibility
Reduced n...
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International approaches and application in indonesia final1

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  • FIVE ATTRIBUTES FOR EFFECTIVE WATER RESROUCES MANAGEMENT Institutions, Policies and Laws: National leadership, Policies and Laws, Institutions (national, RBO, agencies) and People, Information and Knowledge: Good knowledge systems of water, environmental and socio-economic conditions and behavior; Information sharing and Transparency Water Resource Management: Integrated policies, strategies, plans, decisions and projects planned, implemented and evaluated (incl. operations) Participation: Governments Community , private sector and NGO participation Financing: Sustainable funding with market based mechanisms
  • 30 years ago (at least 9 Departments involved- in same cases ): Surface water management- 4 departments (DWR, RWC, DITR, DCNR, EPA, D Health) Surface water development- 4 Departments (RWC, DITR, DCNR, DAg) Groundwater management- 4 departments (DWR, RWC, DITR, DCNR, SCA, EPA, D Health) Groundwater development- 4 Departments and local government (RWC, DITR, DCNR, DAg) Water environment management- 4 Departments (DWR, RWC, Fisheries, DCNR, EPA) Catchment land use (management): Forestry, DWR, RWC, DCNR, SCA, DAg, local government Catchment land use (development): Forestry, DWR, RWC, DCNR, local government Now (2 Departments): Surface water, groundwater, water environment management: 1 Department Sustainability and Environment, plus authorities Industry development and promotion (where water key): 1 Dept Primary Industry (Ag, Forestry, Fisheries, Mines)
  • Separation of roles : Re source manager : planning, policy and strategies, regulations and laws, allocat ion and licences water use, promotes participation and awareness raising etc) . This is performed by the government Water Department R egulator : develops and polices standards such as for water quality, water pricing regimes . S ervice provider/operator builds , operates and maintains water supply, drainage, irrigation systems ; supplies water to users; charges for services ; operates under contract to the resource manager and the regulator. The water supply function is usually sub-divided into: Wholesale water supply services where bulk water is supplied to retail water authorities (eg. town, irrigation) according to bulk water entitlements agreed by the resource manager; Retail water supply services where water is provided to end users/water consumers according to agreed standards and licences.
  • Data and Information: Data sharing from all sectors, data standards, common protocols
  • International approaches and application in indonesia final1

    1. 1. Institutional StrengtheningInstitutional Strengthening for the Water Resourcesfor the Water Resources Sector in IndonesiaSector in Indonesia International Experience andInternational Experience and Application in Indonesia.Application in Indonesia. Clive Lyle July 2013
    2. 2. IWRM- Water for people, economyIWRM- Water for people, economy and riversand rivers i. Share surface and ground water between users and uses. ii. Protect water quality both from pollutants which arise from point and non point sources iii. Protect the water environment: Fish are a key indicator iv. Mitigate water related disasters v. Maximise outcomes:social, economic and environmental
    3. 3. Framework for AssessmentFramework for Assessment Five Attributes For Effective Water Resources Management 1.Institutions, Policies, Laws: 2.Information and Knowledge: 3.Water Resource Management: 4.Participation: 5.Financing: 6. SIM PLE A N D FIT FO R PU R PO SE
    4. 4. InstitutionsInstitutions • All water resource management in one Ministry – Combines management of surface water, groundwater, water quality, pollution control, aquatic environment, land use and zoning – Controls and regulates water using and water impacting sectors • Primary industry Ministries – Agriculture, forestry, fisheries, energy, mining – Promote sectoral economic development – Encourages sectoral sustainability – Operational licences from resource manager – One Ministry?
    5. 5. Institutions, Policies and LawsInstitutions, Policies and Laws Robust Framework-Singular Roles: - Avoid duplication, overlap, difficult coordination, impossible data sharing, little accountability i. Water managed as one resource: – catchments, rivers, aquifers – water quality, water quantity i. Water resource manager/regulator separated from industry guardian/ regulator – Department of Water and Environment – Department of Primary Industries – Local delivery of services
    6. 6. Institutions, Policies and LawsInstitutions, Policies and Laws Separation of roles : i. Resource manager ii.Regulator iii.Service provider/operator i. Wholesale water supply services • river operator and manager i. Retail water supply services • Urban and rural water supply and waste management (incl. irrigation) • Delivery by local (Provincial, District) government
    7. 7. Water Resources Regulatory FrameworkWater Resources Regulatory Framework Guiding Principles: Separation of Roles, Accountability, Remove Conflicts of InterestGuiding Principles: Separation of Roles, Accountability, Remove Conflicts of Interest (Victorian State/Province Government)(Victorian State/Province Government) REGULATORSREGULATORS Environmental Protection Authority Sets environmental standards, Regulates environmental performance Environmental Protection Authority Sets environmental standards, Regulates environmental performance Essential Services Commission Regulates Prices and Service Quality Essential Services Commission Regulates Prices and Service Quality Department of Human Services Regulates drinking water quality Department of Human Services Regulates drinking water quality Ombudsman Consumer Utilities Advocacy Centre Addresses consumer complaints/advocacy Ombudsman Consumer Utilities Advocacy Centre Addresses consumer complaints/advocacy Ministers, Secretaries and Departments Plan and Allocate Resources Set Authority Obligations Owns & Monitors Authority Financial Performance Local Authorities Rural Water Supply Catchment Management Urban Water Supply and Sanitation
    8. 8. Water Allocation SystemWater Allocation System Source: Victorian Department of Water
    9. 9. Integrated Modelling for EvidenceIntegrated Modelling for Evidence based Policy and Planningbased Policy and Planning Catchment & RiversCatchment & Rivers UrbanUrban IrrigationIrrigation EcologyEcology
    10. 10. Financing (and Asset Management)Financing (and Asset Management) DEVELOPING POOR Infrastructure Investment GDP DEVELOPED * Indonesia?
    11. 11. Sources of FinanceSources of Financei. Government recurrent budget and one off grants ii. Water user charges for asset operation, maintenance, replacement iii. Water polluter charges for cost of water treatment, dilution iv. Water developer royalties (eg. hydropower companies, plantation owners) for use of a public resource v. Environmental protection fee collected from water users to protect the catchment and water supply vi. Private sector via PPP [risk vs return]
    12. 12. PRELIMINARY FINDINGSPRELIMINARY FINDINGS AND DIRECTIONSAND DIRECTIONS
    13. 13. Laws and RegulationsLaws and Regulations (para 39- 54)(para 39- 54) • UU 7/2004, broad framework law • 108 supporting regulations planned- 23 (21%) developed (para 42-45) – Some key regulations (eg. water allocation and licensing) not agreed yet – Risks of overlap, inconsistencies and contradiction – A more inclusive drafting approach (Teeuwin) • Basin Councils (para 46-47) – Large membership – Effectiveness? – Separate decision making from consultation?
    14. 14. Laws and RegulationsLaws and Regulations • Roles and responsibilities (para 48-49) – Non exclusive functions between National, Provincial and District levels – Leads to confusion about roles, – Avoidance of key responsibilities – Some ‘innovative’, upwards delegation MOUs • Unofficial cross subsidy between levels of government – More specific separation of roles
    15. 15. Laws and RegulationsLaws and Regulations Water rights and allocation (para 50) – Agreement of the regulation a high priority – Unable to review but regulation (42, 2008) is not comprehensive • Entitlement, licence, annual allocation, drought management – Must measure (and someone pay) to manage
    16. 16. Laws and RegulationsLaws and Regulations River basin planning (para 51-53) – Guidelines seem mostly appropriate • More guidance could be given in some areas (eg. analytical methods for consistency, better assess drought and floods, and targeting of national investment) • Need to re-consider Plan M&E mechanism – Improve agreement mechanism: agreement of national, provincial and district governments – Is balance between infrastructure investment, O&M and non structural measures in plans appropriate?
    17. 17. Whole of Government ApproachWhole of Government Approach (para 55- 60)(para 55- 60) At least 4 separate Ministries with primary water resource management responsibilities. •Proper and integrated management very difficult – Management of resource is almost impossible – Consistent and exchangeable approaches difficult (eg. data, licensing/allocation, water function zones) – Requires considerable coordination (costly in time, limited effectiveness) – Duplication – Poor use of budget – Sectoral and resource management objectives are in conflict (eg. forestry, mining)
    18. 18. Streamlining River Basin ManagementStreamlining River Basin Management • Whole territory or where needed? • Better separation/strengthening of roles – RB Governance (national- local office?) – Wholesale water services (PJT vs local) – Retail water services (local agencies) • Manageable span of control – 6 to 10 reports manageable (supervision, reporting, monitoring, QA) – 47 national level Balai
    19. 19. Management area: Streamlining River Basin ManagementStreamlining River Basin Management River Basin Management Units Area (km2) International China River Basins 300,000 - 2,000,000 China Provincial 40,000 – 1,000,000 Murray Darling Basin, Aust 1,000,000 Catchment Management Authorities, Vic. 20,000-40,000 Indonesia Ciujung-Cidanau-Cidurian 3,000 Jratunseluna 9,500 Pemali Comal 4,400 Mahakam 77,000
    20. 20. ENDEND
    21. 21. Some Food for Thought?Some Food for Thought? 1= Very high 2= High 3=Moderate 4= Low Need Impact Ease Feasibility Reduced number of Balais 1 2 2 Rationalising roles of national-regional 1 2 2 Staff Training 3 1 1 One Water Department 1 3 2-3 Fast track amendment of regulations 2 3 2 Amended Water Law 2 3 2 Completion of regulations 2 3 3
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