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July2012

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  1. from the editor-in-chief Reviving manuf(r)actured sector… A visit to National Highway-2 in Haryana will give a sight of indus- tries placed one after other like shops on both sides. Some big, some small but all contribute to the production index of the country and give employment to many Indians. Thousands of such industrial townships across the country these days are not only curbing their production rate like never before, but are also downsizing their em- ployees. The low manufacturing output has squeezed the Indian economy International rating agencies are lowering their ratings . for India. Leading Indian industrialists are fuming against the Gov- ernment over its policy inaction, foreign investors are shouting over the General Anti-Avoidance Rules (GAAR), the FDI issue is on hold, and above all small and medium units are no longer as enter- prising as they were. In this edition Bureaucracy Today takes perspectives from the leading players of the industry Neeraj Kanwar, Chairman of the . FICCI Manufacturing Committee and Managing Director of Apollo Tyres Ltd, speaks exclusively to us and gives his outlook on the gloomy contemporary state of the sector. Speaking on almost sim- ilar lines is Indian Industries Association Chairman Jugal Kishore who has presented the SME perspective on the state of affairs. Other senior industry people have also contributed their valuable perspectives. Also this issue of Bureaucracy Today features five fervid police officers of Uttar Pradesh, recommended by DGP AC Sharma who himself believes in demonstrating administrative efficiency in policing with sensitivity and commitment to the State. In our State Watch column, the Mayor and the Commissioner of the EDMC talk to BT about the trifurcation of the MCD and the newly created East Delhi Municipal Corporation. The idea of the story is to understand and foresee the changes that are to come in an area of just 16% harnessing the one-third population of the na- tional Capital. Suhaib A Ilyasiwww.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 1
  2. BUREAUCRACY Ins id e Infor ma ti on 3 1 . 0 7 .2 0 1 2 Volume 4, Issue 2Editor-in-chiefSuhaib A IlyasiEditor-in-Charge / Investigation 34Ved ParkashArt DirectorShailani SrivastavaGraphic DesignersPankaj KumarNisha MallikSpecial CorrespondentsBB NagpalGB Bala SubramanyamJugal Kishore ChibPrincipal CorrespondentVandana VasudevanCorrespondentsShalini SinghGulshan KumarSupriya AggarwalSrikant PandeyAnil JainProduction ManagerWaseem KhanHR & AdministrationSonam GuptaMithilesh MishraSubscription & Corporate Sales contact:Geetika SharmaHemanti LakraAtif Hashmi011-23074386, 23073004Editorial Team can be contacted at:2, Big City House, Opp. CSOI (Civil ServicesOfficers Institute), Masjid Kasturba GandhiMarg, New Delhi 110001. Ph.: 011-23073004, 23073042 Telefax: 011-23074386info@bureaucracytoday.comFor marketing queries contact:S P SinghPhone: 011-23073004, 23073042Telefax: 011-23074386sales@bureaucracytoday.com 28 30Volume IV Issue 2 JULY 2012Printed & Published by Suhaib Ilyasi on behalf of SuhaibA Ilyasi (owner) and Printed at MP Printers, B-220,Noida, Phase-II (UP) and Published at 2, Big City House,Masjid Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi 110001Editor: Suhaib A IlyasiDELENG/2009/306652 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  3. 16 Ins id e Infor ma ti on 3 1 . 0 7 .2 0 1 2 06 BUREAUCRACY SCAN 28 POLICE WATCH Appointments, exits, reshuffles; Uttar Pradesh Director General here are the major movements of Police AC Sharma and his that happened in the domain of team of five commandos are on a the bureaucracy throughout June mission to curb crime in the State. Bureaucracy Today details the highlights of their hard work 16 BUREAUCRAT OF THE MONTH Maharashtra State Excise Depart- 42 PEOPLE & PROFILE ment Commissioner Dr Sanjay Mukherjee gives an insight on the Bureaucracy Today features highest revenue of Rs 8,601.85 people from different walks of crore collected by his department life who are doing exceptionally well in their respective fields. 43 25 GUEST COLUMN 50 STUDENT SPACE Experts from different fields share BT speaks to some of the senior their views on the current topics bureaucrats for their suggestions being discussed in the country and experiences for aspirants of the Civil Services. 26 INTERVIEW 60 PERFECT COUPLE Department of Public Enter- Former Indian Ambassador to prises Secretary OP Rawat 18 COVER STORY speaks on major reforms in the Kazakhstan Rajiv Sikri and his wife Veena Sikri share their The Indian manufacturing sector offing in an interview with views about love, marriage and is experiencing a slowdown like Bureaucracy Today India’s foreign policy never before. The largest employ- ing sector is a source of liveli- hood for 17 million Indians and 54 PSU EVENTS their families. Bureaucracy Today analyses the challenges 57 PSU VACANCIES and silver lining in the ecosystem of the sector. 62 HEART TO HEART 64 ASTROLOGY 42 51 604 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  4. B u re au c ra c y s c an VS Sampath, IAS, takes over as Vice Admiral DK Joshi new CEC appointed next Navy Chief Seniormost Election Commissioner The Government has appointed Vice Veeravalli Sundaram Sampath, IAS (AP: Admiral DK Joshi, presently Flag Offi- 73), has taken over as Chief Election cer Commanding-in-Chief (FOC-in-C), Commissioner (CEC). He replaced SY Western Naval Command, as the next Quraishi who demitted office on June 10. Chief of the Naval Staff with effect from the afternoon of August 31, 2012. Air Marshal A Raha takes over as AOC-in-C, Western Air Com- VS Madan, IAS, appointed mand Addl Secy & Financial Adviser,DIPP Air Marshal Arup Raha, AVSM VM, has Vijay Shankar Madan, IAS (UT:81), taken over as AOC-in-C, Western Air has been appointed as Additional Sec- Command, IAF. He has to his credit retary and Financial Adviser, Depart- nearly 3,400 hours of flying mainly on ment of Industrial Policy and fighter aircraft. Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry Neeraj Kumar, IPS, appointed K Ratnaprabha, IAS, appointed new Commissioner of Police, Addl Secy, WCD Ministry Delhi K Ratnaprabha, IAS (KN: 81), has been Neeraj Kumar, IPS (UT: 76), has been ap- appointed as Additional Secretary, Min- pointed as the new Commissioner of Po- istry of Women and Child Development. lice, Delhi. PK Das, IAS, appointed Joint A Goswami, IAS, appointed Secy, DoPT Secy, Department of SJ&E Pramod Kumar Das, IAS (MP: 86), has Anil Goswami, IAS (JK: 78), has been been appointed as Joint Secretary in the appointed as Secretary, Department of Department of Personnel & Training. Social Justice and Empowerment, Min- istry of Social Justice. He has also been given additional charge of Secretary, VP Bhardwaj, CSS, appointed Department of Disability Affairs. Secy, BIFR VP Bhardwaj, CSS (1980), has been Lt Gen Chachra takes over as appointed as Secretary, Board for Indus- trial and Financial Reconstruction Western Army Commander (BIFR), Department of Financial Serv- Lt Gen Sanjiv Chachra has assumed ices, Ministry of Finance. charge as Western Army Commander. JK Banthia, IAS, appointed new P Narain, IAS, appointed Secy, Maharashtra Chief Secy WCD Ministry Additional Chief Secretary (Health) Prem Narain, IAS (UP:78), has been Jayant Kumar Bhantia, IAS (MH: 77), has appointed as Secretary, Ministry of been appointed as the new Chief Secre- Women and Child Development. tary of Maharashtra.
  5. B u re au c ra c y s c an partment of Atomic Energy The orders of . AK Srivastava, IAS, appointed his appointment were issued on June 4. Addl Secy, DA Deptt Anoop Kumar Srivastava, IAS (AM: 81), S Kumar, IAS, appointed has appointed as Additional Secretary, Department of Disability Affairs. The Consultant in Planning Comm orders of his appointment were issued Snehlata Kumar, IAS (MP:79), has been on June 1. appointed as Consultant in the Planning Commission for a period of three months. The orders of her appointment S Hussain, IAS, appointed Addl were issued on May 31. Secy, Deptt of Agri and Coop Siraj Hussain, IAS (UP: 79), has been ap- Justice Lokur elevated to pointed as Additional Secretary, Depart- ment of Agriculture and Cooperation, Supreme Court Ministry of Agriculture. The orders of Justice Madan Bhimarao Lokur who his appointment were issued on June 6. was the Chief Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High Court has been elevated to the Supreme Court P Joshi, IAS, appointed Joint Secy, Deptt of DA RN Choubey, IAS, appointed Pankaj Joshi, IAS (GJ: 89), has been ap- pointed as Joint Secretary, Department new head of DGH of Disability Affairs. The orders of his RN Choubey, IAS (TN: 81), has been ap- appointment were issued on June 1. pointed as new head of the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons. KA Ganai, IAS, appointed Joint Secy, HA Ministry EP Nivedita, IA&AS, appointed Khurshid Ahmed Ganai, IAS (JK: 82), has Asstt Dir Gen, UIDAI been appointed as Joint Secretary in the EP Nivedita, IA&AS (93), has been ap- Ministry of Home Affairs. The orders of pointed as Assistant Director General, his appointment were issued on June 5. UIDAI, in Bangalore. The orders of her appointment were issued on June 4. LM Vas, IAS, given addl charge as Secy, Ministry of Tribal Affairs R Sanjay, IPS, gets extension as Loretta Mary Vas, IAS (UP: 77), Secre- SP, CBI tary, Ministry of Panchayati Raj, has Ratn Sanjay, IPS(BH-1998), Superinten- been given additional charge as Secre- dent of Police, CBI, has been given an ex- tary, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, for one tension for one year. The order of his year. The orders of her appointment appointment was issued on June 6. were issued on June 15 P Singh, IFS, appointed KAP Sinha, IAS, appointed Joint Ambassador to Jamaica Secretary, AE Deptt Pratap Singh, (IFS: 87), has been ap- KA Prasad Sinha, IAS (PB: 92), has been pointed as the next Ambassador of India appointed as Joint Secretary in the De- to Jamaica. Book your advertisement for this space call us now: 011-23073004/42
  6. B u re au c ra c y s c an Ministry of Agriculture. The orders of G Singh, IAS, appointed his appointment were issued on June 5. Ambassador to Timor-Leste Gurjit Singh, IFS, has been appointed as LC Goyal, IAS, appointed Addl the Ambassador of India to the Demo- cratic Republic of Timor-Leste, with res- Secy, Cab Sec idence in Jakarta (Indonesia). IC Goyal, IAS, has been appointed as Ad- ditional Secretary in the Cabinet Secre- tariat, New Delhi. LT Muana, IFS, appointed Ambassador to Croatia Lt Gen O Prakash is GOC 15 LT Muana, (IFS: 77), has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Corps in Kashmir Republic of Croatia. Lieutenant General Om Prakash has taken over as General Officer Command- ing (GOC) of the Armys Strategic 15 Navdeep S Suri, IFS, appointed Corps which is based in the Kashmir Ambassador to Egypt Valley and is responsible for guarding Navdeep Singh Suri, IFS, has been ap- the Line of Control. pointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Arab Republic of Egypt. SC Khuntia, IAS, appointed AS&FA, Petroleum Min R Sanan, IRS, appointed Dr Subash Chandra Khuntia, IAS (KN: Director, Deptt of EA 81), has been appointed as Additional Rajesh Sanan, Indian Revenue Service Secretary and Financial Advisor to the (C&CE: 92), has been appointed as Direc- Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas. tor in the Department of Economic Af- fairs under the Ministry of Finance. The SP Ahamed, IAS, appointed as orders of his appointment were issued on June 6. Director, PMO Shakil P Ahamed, IAS (AM: 95), has been appointed as Director in the Prime Min- Air Marshal PS Gill assumes isters Office. charge of SASO, WAC Air Marshal Paramjit Singh Gill, AVSM PK Sinha, IRS, appointed Dir, VM, has assumed charge of SASO, West- ern Air Command. He has more than Food & Public Distribution Deptt 1,000 hours of instructional flying and Prashant Kumar Sinha, IRS(C&CE: 92), about 4,000 hours of total flying. has been appointed as Director in the De- partment of Food & Public Distribution under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, PS Lokhande, IAS, appointed PS Food & Public Distribution. to Agriculture Minister Prashant Sitaram Lokhande, IAS RBI Deputy Governor KC (AGMUT:2001), has been appointed as Private Secretary to the Minister for Chakrabarty given three months Agriculture, Sharad Pawar, in the De- extension partment of Agriculture & Cooperation, The Government has extended the term Book your advertisement for this space call us now: 011-23073004/42
  7. B u re au c ra c y s c an of Reserve Bank of India Deputy Gover- the Cabinet Secretariat. The orders of nor K C Chakrabarty by three months. his appointment were issued on June 15. AK Sinha, IPS, appointed G Mohan, IAS, will be Minister Director, HA Ministry (Economic) in Indian Embassy, US Ashutosh Kumar Sinha, IPS (MT: 1993), Govind Mohan, IAS (SK: 89), has been ap- has been appointed as new Director, Min- pointed as Joint Secretary in the Cabinet istry of Home Affairs. Secretariat. He will be Minister (Eco- nomic) in the Embassy of India, Wash- S Taranikanti, IAS, appointed ington DC, US. The orders of his appointment were issued on June 14. Executive Director, IRDA Sriram Taranikanti, IAS(MT;92), has been appointed as Executive Director J Mukherjee, IAS, appointed (Joint Secretary level) in the Insurance Vice-Chairman, IWAI, Noida Regulatory and Development Authority Jayashree Mukherjee, IAS (MH: 86), has (IRDA) under the Department of Finan- been appointed as Vice Chairman, In- cial Services. The orders of his appoint- land Waterways Authority of India ment were issued on June 14. (IWAI) at NOIDA (UP). The orders of her appointment were issued on June 14. A Luikham appointed Principal Secy (TA&Hills), Manipur SB Agnihotri, IAS, appointed Ameising Luikham IAS (MT: 81), has been Addl Secy & Fin Adv, Agri Deptt appointed as Principal Secretary (TA & SB Agnihotri, IAS(OR:80), has been ap- Hills, CAF & PD), Govt of Manipur pointed as Additional Secretary and Fi- nancial Advisor, Department of K Singh, IDAS, appointed Dir, Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture. Ministry of Defence Kanwaldeep Singh, IDAS (1996), has been appointed as Director, Ministry of De- N Kamal, IPS, given extension as fence. The orders of his appointment IG, NCRB were issued on June 14. Nasir Kamal, IPS (UP: 86), has been given extension as Inspector General Amita Sharma, IAS, appointed (IG) in the National Crime Records Bu- reau (NCRB) for a period of one year. Addl Secy, Higher Edu Deptt The orders of his appointment were is- Amita Sharma, IAS (MP: 81), has been sued on June 15. appointed as Additional Secretary, De- partment of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development. I Roy appointed Secy General, Global Sericultural Commission AV Chaturvedi, IAS, appointed Ishita Roy IAS (KL: 91) has been appointed , as Secretary General of the International Joint Secy, Cab Sec Sericultural Commission (ISC) for a three Alok Vardhan Chaturvedi, IAS (BH: 86), -year term from January 2013. has been appointed as Joint Secretary in Book your advertisement for this space call us now: 011-23073004/4212 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY
  8. B u re au c ra c y s c an A P Pandey, IFS, appointed Dy SC Choure, IA&AS, appointed Secy, Ministry of Overseas In- JS in Deptt of Disinvestment dian Affairs Sangita Chandrakant Choure, IA&AS Anant Prakash Pandey IFS (HY: 1999), has , (87), has been appointed as Joint Secre- been appointed as Deputy Secretary in the tary in the Department of Disinvest- Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, ment. The orders of her appointment New Delhi, for a period of four years. were issued on June 26. M Ahmed gets extension as Di- AK Joshi, IFS, appointed Direc- rector, Min of Urban Develop- tor, DoPT ment Aditya Kumar Joshi, IFS (MT: 1989), Mahmood Ahmed, IP&TA&FS (93), has has been appointed as Director in the been given extension in his central depu- Department of Personnel & Training tation tenure as Director, Ministry of under the Ministry of Personnel, Pub- Urban Development, for two years. lic Grievances & Pensions, New Delhi. The orders of his appointment were is- sued on June 26. SK Singh appointed Director, Department of Heavy Industry TK Majumdar, ICAS, appointed Sunil Kumar Singh, ISS (98), has been ap- pointed as Director in the Department of Dy Secy, Urban Development Heavy Industry . Ministry Tushar Kanti Majumdar, Indian Cost Ac- V Gagan appointed Director, counts Service (1995), has been ap- Ministry of Tourism pointed as Deputy Secretary in the Ministry of Urban Development, New Vishal Gagan, IAS (OR: 98), has been ap- Delhi. The orders of his appointment pointed as Director in the Ministry of were issued on June 26. Tourism with effect from July 1, 2012. SP Bhardwaj, ISS, appointed Di- L Yaden, IRS, appointed Dir, rector, Min of Steel Health & Family Welfare Deptt Sunil Prakash Bhardwaj, ISS (98), has Limatula Yaden, IRS(C&CE: 96), has been appointed as Director in the Min- been appointed as Director in the De- istry of Steel. The orders of his appoint- partment of Health & Family Welfare ment were issued on June 20. under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, New Delhi. MS Devi, IAS, appointed Pvt Secy to Minister of State for K Chadha, IRSME, gets exten- Health and Family Welfare sion as Director, WCD Ministry Kalyani Chadha, IRSME (85), has been M Sudha Devi, IAS (HP: 2003), has been appointed as Private Secretary to the appointed as Director, Ministry of Minister of State for Health and Fam- Women and Child Development for a pe- ily Welfare (S. Gandhi Seivan). The or- riod of one year. The orders of her ap- ders of her appointment were issued pointment were issued on June 26. on June 20. Sanjay Garg, IAS, appointed R Kumar, ITS, appointed Direc- Director in Eco Affairs Deptt tor, WCD Ministry Sanjay Garg, IAS (KL: 1994), has been ap- Rakesh Kumar, ITS (1991), has been ap- pointed as Director in the Department pointed as Director in the Ministry of of Economic Affairs under the Ministry Women and Child Development, New of Finance. The orders of her appoint- Delhi. The orders of her appointment ment were issued on June 25. were issued on June 26.14 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  9. B u re a u c rat o f t h e m o n t hA doctor of recordThe Maharashtra State Excise Department collected a record revenue of Rs.8,601.85 crore in the financial year 2011-12. Its Commissioner, Dr. SanjayMukherjee, IAS (RR:96), speaks to Burea ucra cy Today on the rise in revenue he excise revenue is collected by levying excise duty on the liquor smuggling mafia in the rest of the year,”T on items on the State List mainly alcohol and other intoxicants used for consumption, or for manufactur-ing medicinal and toilet preparations. The Excise Commis- opines Dr Mukherjee He further says, “We ensured that no manufacturer took out any goods without paying duty. In fact, criminal casessioner, Dr Sanjay Mukherjee, says, “The State Excise were registered against two manufacturers who wereDepartment has a two-pronged role; to maximize its revenue caught evading duty. In addition, we made a computerizedand to enforce law regarding revenue generating matters. In Excise Management System (EMS), which provided us with2011-12, we collected a total excise duty of Rs. 8,601.85 crore, a great deal of relevant information at our fingertips. Thiswhich is more than Rs. 2,800 crore over the previous year’s enabled better monitoring, better economic intelligencetarget of Rs. 5,800 crore, a jump of over 48%. This is the and hence greater revenue. We also paid a great deal of at-highest rise ever in the history of the department, both in tention in recovering all the pending dues. As a conse-absolute and percentage terms. In the State Excise Depart- quence, the sales and revenue gradually picked up over thement my main aim was to take the revenue to unforeseen year, and ultimately, the revenue registered a robust rise ofheights. One feels happy when such challenges are met.” 48%, a first in Maharashtra.” Last year the department raised the duty on Country The Department has recruited 305 Sub-Inspectors and In-Liquor by 46% and on Indian Made Foreign Liquor (IMFL) spectors by promotion to beef up its manpower. The Com-and Beer by 33%. “It was assumed that the increased rates missioner says, “Several posts of Deputy Superintendentwould result in a corresponding rise in revenue. However, and Superintendent which had been lying vacant since longin the months of April and May, sales plummeted by about were filled up. I must admit that the steps to strengthen our20%, and there was a spurt in cheaper liquor from neigh- manpower resulted in improved morale of our men and re-bouring States making its way into Maharashtra. Thus we sulted in better performance.”realized that checking this smuggling was the most impor- An MBBS by profession Dr Mukherjee has played an im-tant thing for us to do. We carried out a heavy crackdown portant role in commencing various important projects in DR. SANJAY MUKHERJEE, IAS — EXECUTIVE PROFILE ● Supernumerary Assistant Collector, Thane (Sep.97 – Sep.98) ● Sub Divisional Officer, Dahanu, Dist. Thane (Sep 98 – Aug 99) ● Chief Executive Officer, Zilla Parishad and Chairman DRDA,Latur (Sep 99- Aug.01) ● Collector & District Magistrate, Jalgaon (Aug 01- June 03) ● Administrator, Jalgaon Municipal Corporation (Addl. charge from Mar 03 – June 03) ● Director, Textiles, Government of Maharashtra (June 03- June 05) ● Joint Managing Director, Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC) (Addl charge April 04 – June 05) ● Vice Chairman, Maharashtra Handloom Development Corporation, Nagpur ( Addl. charge from June 03- June 05) ● Addl. Municipal Commissioner, Nagpur Municipal Corporation, Nagpur (Addl. charge from July 03 – Dec. 03) ● Collector & District Magistrate, Nagpur ( May 05 – May 08) ● Chairman, Nagpur Improvement Trust ( June 08- June 11) ● Commissioner, State Excise, Maharashtra State, Mumbai (June 11 till date)16 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  10. excise revenue In 2011-12, we collected a total excise duty of Rs. 8,601.85 crore, which is more than Rs. 2,800 crore over the previous year’s target of Rs. 5,800 crore, a jump of over 48%. This is the highest rise ever in the history of the de- partmentMaharashtra. It was during his tenure that theGDP of Nagpur district had grown from 6% to12.76%. He also has some challenging assignmentsto his credit. He says, “I remember, as an SDM, Ihad to decide against encroachment on forest landby tribal people. It was a highly emotive issue,both for the tribes and foresters who were on oppo-site sides. As Collector of two major districts, Ihad to deal with major issues of law and order,water scarcity and natural calamities. I was onceposted as chief of a near defunct urban develop-ment body, the Nagpur Improvement Trust. It hadan annual expenditure of Rs. 80 crore and an areaof 80 sq. km. But in three years, its budget swelledto Rs. 450 crore. It became the largest planning au-thority in the country with an area of over 3,500sq. km, had a project profile of over Rs. 1000 croreand also was implementing the Nagpur Metropol-itan City and the Nagpur Metro Rail Projects.” There are several projects in the pipelineunder his supervision including the massive au-tomation and computerization project, namelythe Excise Management System (EMS). DrMukherjee says, “This project aims to automatethe functioning of the department and use tech-nology to replace many functions which requirethe use of manpower. It also aims to use the avail-able data intelligently (an Economic IntelligenceUnit) and also merge it with the systems of otherdepartments. Part of the project, namely a Man-agement Information System (MIS), is alreadyrolled out. We hope to complete this projectwithin the next two years. Moreover, we are alsofocussing on training our employees in criminalinvestigation and prosecution. This year, we aimat increasing our revenue by at least another Rs.1,000 crore to Rs. 9,500 crore.” ■ shalini.singh@bureaucracytoday.comwww.bureaucracytoday.comwww.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 17
  11. THE MANUFACTURING SECTORC o ve r s t o r yMANUFACTURING:Disgruntled kid ofThe largest employing sector of India is craving for reforms. NMP 2011 and hopesfrom the PMO are the only silver lining in the cloud. But well done is always betterthan well said. Abhinav Trivedi analyses the slowdown curve of the sector. Hespeaks to industry leaders and experts in this context. A special reportNEERAJ KANWAR, Chairman, FICCIManufacturing Committee othing substantiates the bear- Government cannot conceal the fact Directly or indirectly, the manufac-N ish sentiment in the manufac- turing sector more than the0.1% Index of Industrial Production that the manufacturing sector, which employs the maximum number of Indi- ans is going through a rough phase. turing sector which registered a growth rate of 3% last year is linked with all other sectors and one prime(IIP) in April 2012. The production rate The GDP growth for the fourth quarter reason for arrested growth in this par-was almost zero. Euphemisms from the of FY11 -12 was 5.3%. ticular sector is a cause of concern for18 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  12. the Indian economythe players of the economy The sector .presently contributes 16% to the Gross India GDPDomestic Product (GDP) which ismuch below its potential. In the previ- 10 9.4 Growth Rateous year, its key sectors such as textiles 9.3 Percent Changeand chemicals registered a negativerate of growth. The automobile sector 8.9 in Gross Domestic Product 9registered a flat growth in April 2012. 8.3Though the manufacturing sector 7.8prominently enjoys an FDI contribu- 8 7.7tion from many countries, endless offi-cial hurdles are blocking the 7 6.9investment inflow and diminishing in- 6.1vestor confidence. 6 5.3 The primary hurdle which the man-ufacturers are facing is the lack of one-window clearance for land allotment. 5 2010 2010 2011 2011 2012The manufacturers also feel that thereis no co-ordination amongst Govern-ment departments. Cairn India’s KG can be considered immediately”, says regulatory procedures are cumber-oil basin Block could not be given Neeraj Kanwar, Chairman of the some and tedious. On an average, aclearance since the land allotted was a FICCI Manufacturing Committee and manufacturing unit needs to com-part of a naval exercise zone. The Managing Director of Apollo Tyres ply with nearly 70 laws and regula-prime question here arises is why was Ltd. “The Land Acquisition Act will tions. In addition, the unit has tothe land even bid out by the Govern- further make it difficult for the indus- file almost 100 returns a yearment? In most infrastructure projects, try to acquire land. Companies are (Source: NMP document 2011).a manufacturer buys land from the now seriously looking at investing out- Many manufacturers also opine thatGovernment but eventually keeps run- side India as they find it easier and huge interest rates and the deprecia-ning from pillar to post to get clear- faster to set up base in other Asian tion of the rupee in the present sce-ances. The Singur fiasco is an example. countries”, he adds. nario are a big deterrent. The recent The Tatas finally had to leave the Getting environmental clearance is decision by the Reserve Bank of IndiaState of West Bengal citing protest by second in the list of hurdles. The re- (RBI) to keep the CRR and repo ratesfarmers, led by then Opposition Leader cent scrapping of the POSCO green unchanged has only added to theMamata Banerjee. Analysts feel that the clearance has only made it official. worry of investors. The need to pushIndian Land Acquisition Act dates back The fate of the largest FDI of Rs. liquidity in the sector is inevitable. Forto 1894, which is not in sync with the 52,000 crore has been hanging fire for this the RBI needs to cut the interestcontemporary social environment and the last seven years. The clearance rate by another 100 basis points. Mar-is impractical. The Land Bill, therefore, once given by the then Environment ket sentiment is such that tight mone-has to be rethought so that it may be a Minister, Jairam Ramesh, has been tary policy coupled with a crippledwin-win process for the farmer, the Gov- suspended. The question is why was it fiscal policy has made the overall eco-ernment and the manufacturer. given in the first place when it still nomic environment of India bleak. “The Government needs to take bold had the scope of rejection? The medium-sized enterprises whichdecisions for economic reforms and Analysts feel that investors and rely on imports have a hard time. Thethat too quickly. The decisions which industrialists have no option but to rupee has reached almost 58 per dollar.are in the domain of the executive and wonder on the tantalizing clearance The fiscal deficit for April and Maydo not require parliamentary approval structure of our country. Indian 2012 was 1.73 trillion rupees (26% ofwww.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 19
  13. THE MANUFACTURING SECTORC o ve r s t o r y At the receiving end are the SME en- ployment provider to many under- trepreneurs who are having a tough skilled, skilled, semiskilled workers, time getting loans sanctioned for their and ITI diploma holders. But the con- manufacturing projects. The role of temporary policy ecosystem acts as a SMEs is significant in the sector. The deterrent for many young entrepre- SMEs account for over 45 % of the man- neurs. “The Government of India has ufacturing output and over 59 million been talking about simplification of jobs in 26 million units (Source: NMP labour laws applicable to MSMEs for document 2011). The sector is an em- decades, but is not acting on its assur- ance due to political compulsions. Such Objectives of National Invest- delays will not help the Indian econ- ment and Manufacturing Zones omy”, says Jugal Kishore, Chairman, (NIMZs) as per National manu- Indian Industries Association (IIA). facturing policy 2011. Although the defence sector is not af- ● Increasing manufacturing sec- fected by these fluctuations, the pro- tor growth to 12-14% over the curement of defence equipment is medium term to make it engine dependent on the manufacturing sector. of growth for the economy . India is the largest importer of defence ● Enhancing the share of man- equipment in the world and industry as- ufacturing sector in the GDP sociations are not happy about it. A sen- to 25% by the year 2022. ior official at the Confederation of ● Increasing the job creation in Indian Industry (CII) says, “India’s manufacturing to have 100 manufacturing capabilities have notJUGAL KISHORE, Chairman, IndianIndustries Association million additional jobs by been put to use appropriately especially , 2022. in the private sector. Policy is not imple-the full fiscal year 2012/13 target) ● Increasing domestic value ad- mented in the right spirit, and there is awhile the trade deficit stood at an dition and technological very low spending in Research and De-excess of $50 billion in the March depth in manufacturing. velopment (R&D). Private sector partic-quarter. The two factors, along with ● Increasing global competitive- ipation should increase in theeconomic instability in Europe, have ness of Indian manufacturing procurement of defence equipment. Weled to a fall in Indian exports and through appropriate policy have not been able to develop a strongmade the rupee deppreciate against support. manufacturing base, while countriesthe dollar. Back home policy ● Ensuring sustainability of like Turkey with low defence require-paralysis vis- a-vis investments have growth particularly with re- ments have developed a strong baseonly aggravated the problem, with gard to environment. with exports worth $700 million”.capital borrowings and debts piling,say the manufacturers. NIMZs: GAME CHANGER OR A LIABILITY? The Government decided to act out of policy paralysis. In October 2011 the Cabinet cleared the national manufac- turing policy (NMP). Although the pol- icy has ambitious plans, time will only determine the outcome. The NMP aims to make India a manufacturing hub, benchmarked against other Asian economies. On the lines of Spe- cial Economic Zones (SEZs), National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs) will be set up to enhance the manufacturing process, provide em- ployment, and boost investor senti- ment in the country. The NIMZs will be green townships and will be bench- marked against the best manufactur- ing hubs in the world. The national manufacturing policy envisages a Pub- lic- Private Partnership (PPP) model, Source: Planning Commission20 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  14. Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs), andGovernment coordination at the Stateand Central levels. As per the draft, thesezones will have at least 5,000 hectares ofland each. Units in these zones will enjoysingle - window clearance, a liberal exitpolicy, incentives including exemptionsfrom capital gains tax, and incentives forgreen manufacturing and technology ac-quisitions. The land in the zone will be selected bythe State Government and the cost of re-settlement of the owners of the acquiredland will be borne by the State Govern-ment. Land to the manufacturing indus-try will be provided on a land cost plusdevelopment charge basis with the optionof payment in instalments. The policy ex-plicitly highlights the shortcomings andchallenges which the manufacturers face.The SMEs have been given a separate sec-tion in the draft of the policy The Na- .tional Skill Development Corporation(NSDC), Directorate General of Employ-ment and Training (DGET) and Depart- Neeraj Kanwar Chairman, FICCI Manu- , They are at their highest levels andment of Industrial Policy and Promotion facturing Committee and Managing are having an impact on both ends(DIPP) will together play a crucial role in Director of Apollo Tyres Ltd, speaks with companies remaining cautiousskill development in the region through exclusively to Bureaucracy Today on on investments and consumers delay-the PPP model. the pros and cons of the problems facing ing purchase. With little leeway on But India Inc is cautiously optimistic. the manufacturing sector Here is the full . the fiscal side, there is a need toAnalysts say that China sustained 14% text of the interview. relook at our monetary policy togrowth for 30 years in order to increase strike a balance between growth andits manufacturing share in the GDP to What is your take on the present inflation. The tight monetary policy25%. Whether India with its complicated state of the manufacturing sector? is not going to be very effective inpolitical and social environment will be We are passing through tough times view of the supply side bottlenecksable to achieve that in 10 years or not is a in manufacturing. Last year the which are giving rise to the inflation.point to ponder. Another ironical objec- growth of manufacturing was 3% -- the The RBI needs to cut interest rates bytive is technical upgradation and simul- lowest in seven years. In April 2012 the at least another 100 basis points im-taneous creation of jobs. With technical sector barely managed to grow at 0.1%. mediately so as to arrest the fall in in-upliftment and more machines in use, There are important sectors like the vestments. At the same time thethere would be less dependence on man- textiles, chemicals and apparels that Government should desist itself frompower. Currently the manufacturing sec- registered negative growth last year. further doles to reduce fiscal deficittor employs 17 million people. Increasing Automobiles too registered flat growth and not to crowd out investments forthe number by 100 million in 10 years is in April 2012. This is a worrisome the private sector. Infrastructure de-almost impossible. How will the NIMZs trend. We require a consolidated policy velopment – from roads to power andbe coping with both the objectives simul- push to bring the sector to normal lev- education -- are also critical to boosttaneously is an important factor. Also els of growth, especially since this is demand but for that we need to pro-there is a need to avoid the SEZ kind of the largest employer in India and has vide adequate financing for the sec-chaos by giving permission in excess of significant impact on overall GDP tor which looks difficult in thesuch zones. Some analysts even find am- growth and the health of the Indian current environment.bitions of the zones unrealistic. Achiev- economy The companies are now seri- .ing a 25% share in 10 years will mean a ously looking at investing outside Do you think the Government is15-16% constant growth every year, India as they find it easier and faster to doing enough to boost the investorwhich looks gloomy citing the current set up base in other Asian countries. sentiment (FDI) in the sector?economic environment. We have gone through a long period What steps you think need to be Kanwar opines, “The share would be of policy paralysis! The Government taken to boost liquidity and de-difficult to achieve if growth continues needs to take bold decisions for re- mand in the sector?at current levels and is matched by pol- forms and that too quickly. The deci- Interest rates are a huge deterrent. sions which are in the domain of the www.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 21
  15. THE MANUFACTURING SECTORC o ve r s t o r y Executive and do not require Parlia- mentary approval can be considered im- mediately. Setting up of Investment Tracking Mechanism is one such step in the recent past. But this needs to be much more than just the monitoring mechanism. What are your views on setting up Na- tional Investment and Manufactur- ing Zones (NIMZs) and the ambitious Government plans to achieve a 25% GDP contribution from the manufac- turing sector? The Government has set the target of achieving a 25% share in the GDP by 2025 under the National Manufacturing Policy This share would be difficult to . achieve if growth continues at current levels and is matched by policy inaction. Industrial zones like the NMIZ are an Indian Rupee against the Dollar important instrument to achieve this target. State Governments need to come forward to build such zones as there isicy inaction. Industrial Zones like an attractive investment destina- immense potential in various States toNIMZ are an important instrument tion. Of late the RBI, in the name of tap such an instrument. However, thereto achieve this target. However, there liquidity booster has also increased is a need to focus on other important as-is a need to focus on other important the External Commercial Borrowing pects which impinge on the growth ofaspects which impinge on the growth limit to $30 billion for manufactur- the sector like skills and land. Both areof the sector like skills and land. ing and infrastructure firms. The today difficult to acquire. The currentBoth are today difficult to acquire. step has opened options for borrow- Land Bill will further make it difficultThe Land Bill will further make it dif- ing money but has brought no relief for industry to acquire land.ficult for the industry to acquire to markets. Industrialists opine that With the Index of Industrial Pro-land”. Jugal Kishore adds, “The de- the fiscal policy of the Government duction down to 0.1% where do youvelopment of NIMZs is a welcome and the monetary policy of the cen- think India Inc is headed?step. NIMZs will be helpful only if tral bank should aim to infuse liq- A lot would depend on the Centralminimum 30% land is earmarked for uidity into the system. The latest Bank’s monetary policy, the exchangesetting up SMEs. However, the Gov- monetary policy left the manufactur- rate and reforms in other sectors andernment must ensure that it does not ers disappointed where the key rates in particular on the fiscal front. Atrender outside industries uncompet- were kept unchanged. the moment things don’t look tooitive. If the Government is providing “The RBI should cut interest rates good, especially given the downturnworld class supporting infrastruc- by another 100 points immediately so , already apparent in the global econ-ture, liberalized labour and environ- as to arrest the fall in investments. omy, led by Europe. This in turn putsmental norms within NIMZs why There is a need to create conducive en- a dampener on Indian exports, re-should it not provide these things in vironment to boost investor sentiment stricting further growth.other thousands of industrial areas through a transparent and stable pol-in the country”? icy regime. At the same time the Gov- What would you like to suggest to Some analysts also opine that the ernment should desist itself from Indian policymakers/ India Inc?fiscal benefits and incentives should further doles to reduce the fiscal deficit The downgrading of India’s sovereignbe left for the units. There might be and not to crowd out investments for ratings has further affected our image.many units which would be willing to the private sector. Infrastructure devel- It is time to act, and act swiftly in a holis- ,stay close to the market and not set opment from roads to power and edu- tic manner to avoid a deeper trough. In-up plants in the zones. Incentives cation are also critical to boost demand dustry should be seen as a partner inmight not always be the puller. Hence but for that we need to provide ade- growth and development. Most impor-the Government should also think quate financing for the sector, which tantly, there is a need to create a con-out of the purview of the NIMZs. looks difficult in the current environ- ducive environment to boost investor ment”, says Neeraj Kanwar. He further sentiment through a transparent andFROM PARALYSIS TO ACTION adds that “a few big-ticket announce- stable policy regime. A few big-ticket an- The recent downgrading of the ments would also go a long way in im- nouncements would also go a long wayeconomy by two international rating proving business sentiment”. in improving business sentiment.agencies has dented India’s image as In May this year, news agency PTI22 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  16. THE MANUFACTURING SECTORC o ve r s t o r yquoted a senior Road Ministry official its implementation can be extended to agility shown. “One of the significantas saying that 16 projects worth Rs. others sectors or not, could be only an- and historic developments during 201115,000 crore were held up due to diffi- swered in the time to come. was the Union Cabinet nod for 20% pub-culties in acquiring land. The Cairn lic procurement from medium, small,KG block is the leading example in this THE ROAD AHEAD and micro enterprises (MSMEs)”, sayscontext. The issue of such deplorable So where is the Indian manufacturing Kishore. “The policy makers must ana-experience of many firms in getting sector headed to? “A lot would depend lyze the causes for the stagnation of theclearance, which in some cases has on an effective monetary and fiscal pol- manufacturing sector during the past 30taken an exponential amount of time, icy, a comfortable exchange rate, and years in consultation with industry asso-has been meticulously taken up by the reforms in other sectors. We have gone ciations at the grassroots level, and notPMO. Sources say that the plan, which through a long period of policy paraly- only with a few mighty ones. Once thehas full support from the Prime Minis- sis! The Government needs to take real cause of the problem is correctly di-ter, would be executed soon. bold decisions for reforms and that too agnosed, the Government will be able to Under the plan, any project to be bid quickly. Setting-up of Investment find the correct solution”, he adds.in a thermal, chemical or any other Tracking Mechanism is one such step With shrinking growth and diminish-manufacturing process will be housed in the recent past. But this needs to be ing investor confidence, the spirit ofin with an SPV whose job will be to get , much more than just a monitoring India Inc is at an all- time low. Industryall the clearances before bidding the mechanism. Things look gloomy at leaders are shouting and craving for pol-project. The all-clear project will then this juncture, especially given the icy reforms. It is time for the policy mak-be bid, and the winning manufac- downturn already apparent in the ers and the Government to make industryturer’s job will only be to build the global economy, led by Europe. Conse- a partner in growth and development,plant. If successfully implemented, the quently, Indian exports are choked”, and not create hurdles in its path by de-chances of on time completion of concludes Kanwar. Bold reforms will veloping a policy paralysis ecosystem. ■many pending and prospective proj- therefore be welcomed by the industryects will be high. The government has which is crying over policy paralysisdone this before in case of ultra mega at the government’s end. abhinav.trivedipower projects (UMPPs). But whether On the SME front, there has been some @bureaucracytoday.com24 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  17. Gu es t c ol u mnMy Indonesian experienceBy Prof. M. ASLAM y long association with the Centre on Inte-M grated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP) as Director (Training) pro-vided me an opportunity to extensively peep into thedevelopment scenario of CIRDAP member countries.Indonesia was one of the member countries and in-spired me with its unique approach to rural develop-ment. It is one country where instead of the Ministryof Rural Development, they have the Directorate Gen-eral of Community and Village Empowerment and thattoo under the Ministry of Home. Indonesia has a pop-ulation of 241.60 million (2007) out of which 45% consti-tute the rural population. Indonesian territory isdivided into 33 provinces. I still remember my two interesting experienceswhich are worth sharing. The welfare of the peasantry in general and that ofthe Javanese peasants in particular (who form 55 per-cent of the country’s total population), was a majorchallenge for Indonesian development. The opera-tional methodology included the mechanisms of UDKP(Unit for Coordinating Development Activities) andPDP (Provincial Area Development Programmes).Under the UDKP, all the villages of the country wereclassified, based on their levels of development, intothree categories: Desa Swadaya or traditional village,Desa Swakarya or transitional village and DesaSwasembada or modern village. The classificationwas based on seven criteria of which a village gets one,two or three points according to its situation. Thesecomprise (1) source of income, (2) village output oryield, (3) degree of adherence to customs or tradition,(4) village institutions, (5) levels of education, (6) mu-tual help and (7) village infrastructure. Villages havinga score of 7-10 are classified as traditional, 12-16 as tran-sitional and 17-21 as modern. It had developed healthycompetition among the villages to move up on the lad- Prof. M. Aslam is the Vice-Chancellor ofder. Even casual disclosure of the village classification Indira Gandhi National Open University, Newseemed to act as a spur, an urge, for upward mobility . Delhi. The views of the author are personal. Secondly while on a field visit we stayed overnight at ,a village near Jakarta, which was predominantly Mus-lim inhabited. At night, I heard loud sounds of bells atabout 9 p.m., resembling the ones we hear usually inHindu temples in India. Out of curiosity I asked as to ,whether the bells were from Hindu temples, and as Ilearned the answer was ‘No’. I was amazed to know thatthe bells were meant to remind productive young couplesnot to forget taking pills for birth control. It is indeed aunique way to control population, and such an encour-agement can be a productive resolution for many coun-tries facing over-sized population. ■ info@bureaucracytoday.comwww.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 25
  18. In t erviewBT EXCLUSIVEMajor reforms in MoU system soon-Department of Public Enterprises Secretary OP Rawat, IAS(MP:77), in a briefconversation with Bureaucracy Today speaks on various issues gyrating aroundpublic sector undertakings and an awaited major reform in the MoU system. awat is heading the DPE, the nodal agency for 246 State- the North-East State governments should create new publicR run firms in the country Hence one can easily sense con- . scientiousness in him. An IAS officer who has served invarious important ministries wants to transform the image of enterprises in those sectors where private companies have been shying away from investing. The SLPEs should be set up in potentially good areas which will help boost their de-the PSUs in the country Excerpts from the interview. . velopment efforts and will also generate employment.” In a recent directive, the Finance Ministry has asked cash-rich public sector units to invest their superfluous capital SHORTAGE OF INDEPENDENT DIRECTORSrather than sitting on thousands of crores of rupees at a The shortage of Independent Directors is another problemtime when India’s industrial output has declined and the faced by most of the PSUs in the country Rawat opines; “We .Government is unable to plug a fiscal hole. The DPE Secre- have expedited the process of selecting Independent Direc-tary says, “We have strongly shoved the CPSEs to consider tors and recently most of the recommendations of thethe option of buying back their shares from the Govern- Search Committee were sent to administrative ministriesment. This step has been taken to boost disinvestment tar- and we are reviewing the matter with the concerned min-gets of 2012-13. These guidelines are in place and various istries continuously Recently in a span of 10-15 days 20-25 In- .CPSEs are following them”. Last year the disinvestment tar- dependent Directors were appointed.” Questioned about theget could not be met. This year what are the possibilities? percentage of shortage of Independent Directors, the DPERawat replies, “Actually this question should be put to the Secretary says, “Right now we have a shortage of about 20Secretary (Disinvestment). He can better explain the con- percent and out of that 11 percent recommendations havestraints and obstructions responsible for not achieving the been done and are at various stages of AICC approval.”target and what does he anticipate for this year.” The national media reported about the Government’s plan STREAMLINING SICK PSUSto sell the stakes of 75 PSUs to international companies. The A recommendation has been made by the Board for Recon-DPE Secretary says, “I am not aware of such a move but I struction of Public Sector Enterprises (BRPSE) for increas-don’t see any rational reason behind this. You cannot sell the ing the retirement age of employees of loss-making PSEs.stakes to international companies. You have to go through Rawat says, “The DPE has formulated a policy for increasingthe process of disinvestment in a sort of legitimate manner. the superannuation age from 58 years to 60 years for employ-So I don’t think it is correct to say that the stakes of these 75 ees of sick CPSEs. We had an interministerial meeting. ThePSUs would be sold to international companies.” final draft has been made on this issue and this is going to the Cabinet for its approval.” But is there another issueSLPES FOR NORTH-EAST STATES about the pay packages of these sick PSUs most of which areThe DPE Secretary recently met representatives of the following the pay scales of 1992? He replies, “There are evenNorth-East States and stressed the setting up of SLPEs in the some PSEs which are following the pre-1992 pay scales. So inregion. Sharing details of the meeting, Rawat says, “This order to have uniformity in the pay scales we have decided toyear we inaugurated a scheme called Capacity Building of bring them to the 1997 level. It is just a matter of few weeksthe executives of State level Public Enterprises (SLPEs). Si- when the revised pay scales would be regularized.”multaneously we brought out a State level public enterprisessurvey As per the survey results, 95 percent of the PSUs are .only in 10 States like Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra MINISTER’S MEETING WITH CMDS Heavy Industries Minister Praful Patel called a meeting ofPradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Punjab and all these all the CMDs of Maharatna and Navratna PSUs for their sug-States are developed. So one can easily say that if a State gestions and changes required in the present system of work-Government invests in PSEs it will give rise to employment ing for the PSUs. “We have constituted a working group andand economic growth .Most importantly, it will support the based on the suggestions given by the CMDs we will bring re-overall development effort. The Northeast States have very forms in our MoU system and DPE guidelines so that theylittle investment in PSEs. This region has a good potential may become friendlier for the CPSEs. Major reforms in theand talent but because of the inapproachability these poten- MoU system are expected in the coming days,” says Rawat.”■tial and opportunities are not getting tapped. Even privateplayers are not willing to invest in the N-E. Thus I feel that shalini.singh@bureaucracytoday.com26 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  19. - DPE Secy OP RAWAT, Secretary, DPE ©Image:Bureaucracy Today www.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 27
  20. Po l i c e h e ro e s UP The five heroes Director General of Police AC Sharma’s mission foretells the emergence of a new exemplary officers to Bureau cracy Today. This month BT features five super cops DGP AC SHARMA, IPS emonstrating administrative ef- Sharma says, “It is futile to expect the force. Many such initiatives to en-D ficiency in policing with sensi- tivity and commitment to thepeople of the State is my agenda in the commitment to organizational goals from my men unless you enable them to deliver. This belief encompasses a sure what is due to every employee are being taken up. The budgetary plan- ning and resource allocations are beingnutshell.” This is how DGP AC Sharma, hoard of human and other resource given a fresh look to align the materialan IPS officer of the 1977 batch, spelt out management issues which we have resources with the organizational goalshis task when he assumed the reins of started addressing.” He pioneered the keeping in mind the changing crimethe UP Police, the largest civilian armed most transparent user-friendly web- patterns and expected, appropriate po-force under the single command in the based transfer system facilitating po- lice response harnessing technologicalworld! With more than two lakh police- lice constables to upload applications advancements,” adds the DGPmen serving the people of UP in various seeking transfers to places of their The ‘crime figures’ are the two fear-fields and functions, the span and depth choice. “More than 35,000 constables se- some words in a policeman’s diction-of command throws up a gamut of orga- cured postings in the places of their ary The numbers game is often a cause .nizational and interfacial challenges choice in the fairest possible manner of inadequate police response to publicthat make the task a daunting one. But and soon this system will be made expectations. To eliminate the diver-with a few quick initiatives, Sharma has available to other ranks as well. This gence between crime numbers and theclearly begun translating his intent into single initiative is certainly a great en- public perception of the crime situa-reality. abler, boosting the general morale of tion, DGP Sharma has issued clear in- 28 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  21. citizens along with police officers. Hisof UP Police fresh ‘reach out to the masses’ move en- visages every district to be on Face- book seeking the pulse of the people to further sharpen police responses and share achievements. Undoubtedly along with intended re- ,phase of policing in Uttar Pradesh. Sharma recommends his five sults, these initiatives will also help im- prove the public image of the policefrom the most populous State of India. but there are certain delinquent prac- tices which need to be curbed firmly he , structions stressing cent percent regis- with body, mind and soul,” he says. believes. His resolve is amply demon- tration of crime. According to him, the Though the traditional crime pre- strated by the news of apprehension of most effective strategy to make a dent vention mechanisms have stood the certain policemen who were found to into the crime scenario is to take the test of the time, there is an urgent need be indulging in extortion of money investigative mechanism to its logical to bring into the police net certain dis- from truckers on highways, in a conclusion in the most professional cords, within the family or in the statewide crackdown by the anticor- manner. His initiatives towards this neighbourhood, which escape police ruption wing of the police. end include clear goal setting with a vigil and later result in bigger offences. The DGP has aptly acknowledged harmony between responsibility and With this realization, he is institution- the contribution of five heroes of the accountability for all supervisory alizing a mechanism in day-to-day UP police in fulfilling his mission and ranks. “I expect them not just to moni- policing to gather intelligence about goals. Bureaucracy Today profiles tor the performance indicators re- such disputes and to resolve them am- each of the five officers recommended motely but be involved in daily policing icably at a forum involving respectable by the UP DGP. DS Chauhan Batch: IPS (UP: 88) Present assignment: IG, Bareilly Last assignment: IG, Special Task Force Medal won: The Kathin Seva Medal, 1994, the Police Medal for Meritori- ous Service, 2006, the Director General SSB’s Silver Disc, 2010, and the Di- rector General SSB’s Golden Disc, 2011. ecently transferred as Inspector General of Police, R Bareilly DS Chauhan has been working incessantly , to bring about good governance and for curbing crime in the district. Chauhan says, “We are using human intelligence and technology to tackle crime in the Bareilly Zone. This has yielded good results. Heinous crimes like murder, dacoity, loot and kidnapping for ransom have shown a sharp decline.” Reciting on his most challenging assignment, the IG says. “When I was working as Senior Su- perintendent of Police, Noida, rampant crime and labour unrest were troubling industries there. But by making fo- cussed efforts and building a team of dedicated officers, law and order was brought under control in the year 1998.” Talking about the latest initiatives taken by him as IG, Bareilly, Chauhan says, “We have adopted a zero toler- ance policy towards crime against women, children and elderly people which has yielded excellent results. More- over, immediate arrests of the accused have instilled confidence in these sections of society. Village visits have been undertaken to maintain communal harmony as this zone has a large minority population residing in rural areas. Steps have been taken to ameliorate the dif- ficulties of policemen in the Bareilly Zone. They have been posted nearer their homes so as to provide a ten- sion-free working atmosphere.” www.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 29
  22. Po l i c e h e ro e s UP Yogesh Singh Batch: PPS (1988) Present assignment: SP (City), Noida Last assignment: Additional SP, Police Academy Medal won: The President’s Police Medal for Meritorious Service he Superintendent of Police policing to improve public-police cooper- ing the increasing number of crimeT (City), Noida, Yogesh Singh, is alert 24X7. Noida being a sensi-tive area Singh and his team have to be ation. The grievance redressal system started by us is yielding good results and a number of cases have been solved. We cases against senior citizens in the country, we have asked all RWAs to hand over a list of all senior citizens liv-always on their toes to attend to every have installed CCTV cameras at vital lo- ing in their respective sectors. Our offi-emergency call. He says, “It is not cations in the city to keep a watch on cers personally visit apartments andwrong to say that my present assign- traffic violators and chain snatchers. residential complexes to explain to peo-ment is the difficult one as people in Constant monitoring is done to keep a ple and instruct them not to open theirNoida want spontaneous action. Their check on each and every criminal activ- doors to strangers. Furthermore teamsaspirations are high and they want us ity in the city Moreover, we have also de- . have been formed to keep vigilance onto solve their cases at a blink. Every in- veloped a cell to deal with cyber crime in parks in the early morning and eveningvestigation takes time and we as a team the city Special focus is to keep a tab on . when these senior citizens come forare trying our best to create a crime- migrant labourers. We are providing their walk. PCR vans have been de-free atmosphere in Noida.” unique identity cards to people who ployed in front of most of the com- To curb the increasing number of come to live in Noida and nearby areas.” plexes in order to react immediately incrime cases in the high-tech city numer- , The SP and his team are laying spe- the case of emergency. This initiativeous initiatives have been taken. Singh cial emphasis on the security of senior may sound petite but it has led to a de-says, “We have initiated community citizens. Yogesh Singh says, “Consider- crease in crime against senior citizens.” 30 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  23. Arvind Chaturvedi Batch: PPS (1991) Present assignment: Deputy SP, Special Task Force Last assignment: Served in the UN Mission in Kosovo Medal won: Awarded the Police Medal for Gallantry by the President of India in 2010. s Deputy SP, Special Task Force ArvindA Chaturvedi has some important task ahead. He is leading a team which is suc-cessfully operating and has controlled the crimerate in UP Its DSP Arvind Chaturvedi, says, “The . ,STF has proved to be very successful in capturingcriminals in UP Through our action plan and its .execution against disruptive elements we havemanaged to control crime in the State. We havetaken the help of technology to improve the effi-cacy of the STF. The speed of the STF to react to asituation is its strength and hence efficient data re-trieval systems have been developed for the STF.” Irrespective of the STF’s efforts to curb crime in in the kidnapping and had taken covered the paid ransom and ar-UP special measures are also being taken against , Shifa in the jungles near Shahja- rested three of them. Shifa was in aanti-social elements in the state. Chaturvedi says, hanpur. After nerve-biting negotia- state of shock. It was the most grat-“The UP Police is very clear in its mandate to con- tions for more than two weeks, her ifying moment of my life to recoverduct impartial investigation and use scientific meth- parents were ready to pay Rs 25 the child and hand her over safeods to preserve evidences during the course of lakh as ransom money in the vicin- and sound to her parents alonginvestigation and carry on effective prosecution pro- ity of the Puwanyan jungles. As with the ransom money It will not .ceedings at the time of trial.” part of police planning, I drove the be out of place to mention that I Chaturvedi has an interesting investigation to victims car to get access to the kid- was blessed with a girl child onshare. He says. “In 2001, a three-and-a half-year-old napper and a strong team followed May, 22, 2001, the date of the kid-girl, Shifa, who was born and brought up in Dubai, me. It was a real-time exchange of napping, and I could not attend towas kidnapped from Lucknow when she accompa- money in lieu of the kidnapped my wife and daughter for morenied her mother to visit her grandparents. Later Shifa. As soon as we rescued Shifa, than a week. It makes this caseon, it was discovered that a domestic was involved we attacked the kidnappers and re- even more memorable to me.” Amitabh Yash Batch: (IPS:96RR) Present assignment: DIG, Kanpur Last assignment: DIG, Moradabad Medal won: The Police Medal for Gallantry, the Police Medal for Meritorious Service, and the UP Chief Ministers Outstanding Services Medal. IG Amitabh Yash has worked as policeD chief of the districts of Kanpur, Morad- abad, Gautam Budh Nagar, Saharanpur,Bulandshahr, Sitapur, Maharajganj, Jalaun andSant Kabir Nagar and also of the Special TaskForce. Yash is recognized in the police force for hisoutstanding performance in anti-dacoity opera-tions. He also excelled in anti-terror operations,operations against organized criminals and otherspecialized groups like narcotics smugglers, fakecurrency operators and wildlife poaching rackets. Leading a team of highly motivated and dedi- www.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 31
  24. Po l i c e h e ro e s UPcated policemen, Yash brought to an cates and international fake currency The police officer also had tremen-end the reign of numerous dacoit and narcotic drug networks. In the dous success in anti-terrorist opera-gangs of the Bundelkhand area. In two and a half years that followed, the tions. He busted many modules ofApril 2007, Yash was chosen to lead Special Task Force had unprece- ISI- backed terrorist groups, includ-the Special Task Force of the Uttar dented success. It wiped out all the ing the HUJI, LeT and JeM. WildlifePradesh Police, with the specific pur- gangs of Bundelkhand. Heavily poaching syndicates, narcotics andpose of containing the menace of armed gangs which had nearly run a fake currency operations were alsowell- entrenched dacoit gangs which parallel government for more than busted in large numbers. The unithad virtually ruled the Bundelkhand three decades were obliterated using was also immensely successful in itsarea. Under his guidance parallel an ingenuous technology and field anti-kidnapping operations. Thesetask forces were formed for anti-kid- craft. The remarkable part of the op- were made possible by meticulousnapping operations, anti-terrorist op- erations was that very small teams of team and capability building effortserations, action against organized less than two dozen officers and men on the part of the officer and alsocrime which included specialized were used for confronting armed personal participation in the mostcrimes like wildlife poaching syndi- groups with 30 to 40 members. difficult operations. Subhash Chandra Dubey Batch: IPS, (RR: 05) Present assignment: SP, Sonbhadra district Last assignment: ASP, Lucknow Medal won: A commendation disk received from the Director General of Police, UP. resently posted as Superintendent of Police,P Sonbhadra district, SC Dubey has been cred- ited with cracking many high-profile cases.Reminiscing his past experiences, Dubey says, “Dur-ing the short stint of my career many adventuroustasks and operations have been executed. Duringmy posting as SP, Shravasti, 40 hardcore forest mafiamembers were identified and later arrested alongwith their leader. They were booked under the Gang-ster Act. The worth of seized forest wood was esti-mated to be Rs 4 crore. As SP, Ramabai Nagar, Iarrested the Director of the UP Education Boardalong with 12 other accused and an amount of Rs. 1crore was allegedly recovered from him. The ac-cused were arrested after various attempts whichwere part of string operations launched by the po-lice to expose the education mafia in UP.” Describing his most challenging assignment, the all sorts of social crime.” Sev- The Village Defence Commit-Sonbhadra SP says, “Operation Chakravyuha was eral initiatives have been taken tee (VDC) is also recognized.quite a challenging task, as it led to the arrest of by him for Sonbhadra. Dubey All ex-government employeesmany Naxal leaders. We feared that casualties says, “District Sonbhadra is are the ex-officio members ofmight occur while challenging the group of hard- considered to be the threshold the VDC which includes spe-core Naxals but it was the best planned co-ordina- of Naxalites and in order to cially the village youth. Ontion between the team members which resulted in prevent anti-social elements the whole the police and civilthe arrest of three hardcore Naxal commanders.” from entering the district, a po- administration are trying to Dubey states that “umpteen steps have been taken lice team along with the CRPF resolve socio-economic issuesto curb the crime rate in UP. The receipt of a com- is conducting special combing concerning common peopleplaint is being given to each complainant at every operations on a regular basis so that Naxalism could belevel which depicts the transparency and enforcing in border area places. The abolished permanently fromresponsibility of in time completion of complaints same team is also organizing the districts.” ■by the police. Community policing in the inner community policing in the saidparts of the districts is being done and social organ- area to provide all necessary shalini.singhisations are also motivated to be active in curbing articles to the deprived people. @bureaucracytoday.com 32 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  25. C o r p o r at e wa t c h “Life insurance industry will be polariz says Amitabh Chaudhary, CEO of HDFC Life, in an exclusive chat with Bureaucracy Today.Please give us a brief overview of mium to Rs 10,202 crore led by growth inthe life insurance industry and what renewal and group premiums.growth potential do you see in FY In view of the contemporary capital2012-13? needs, what is your stand on the FDI The Indian life insurance industry cap in the insurance sector?faced one of the most challenging Capital needs in the life insurance in-yearsin 2011-12. The market environ- dustry are coming down, especially forment was very tough with perseverant the larger players, as they have over theinflation, a choppy stock market and a years built a sufficient scale and thusvolatile global economic situation. In managed to create an operating modeladdition, regulatory changes continued where the back book can easily supportunabated with a consequent negative new business. The recent slowdown inimpact on ability to execute margins. growth has also helped on account ofThe industry growth, however, declined lower capital strain.only marginally in 2011-12 as compared Many private players, however, haveto the year ago period. I would also like accumulated losses sitting on theirto point out that a comparison of books. Insurance is a long-term busi-growth in 2011-12 vis-à-Vis 2010-11 might ness and the breakeven takes a decadenot be fair since the industry was oper- or so. And India is still a hugely under-ating under the old ULIP regime until AMITABH CHAUDHARY , CEO ,HDFC Life, receiving insured country Insurance is a vital .September 2010. The operating environ- Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission. Also seen in service in a growing economy that helpsment since then has been very different. in calibrated risk taken by individuals As a company we won 39 awards in What challenges do you see coming and enterprises. But we still have huge2011-12 across various dimensions of ahead, from a life insurance indus- swathes of uninsured or underinsuredour business, including Best Company , try perspective? people across the country It takes capi- .HR, Business Excellence, Technology, Cost efficiency and productivity: Insur- tal to reach them, educate them and de-Marketing and Finance. ers will have to focus on reducing fixed sign innovate products and services. The level of life insurance protection costs, increasing sales productivity and This capital isn’t easy to generate any-in India, measured by a sum assured to capital efficiencies. This also means it more from domestic sources, especiallythe GDP ratio, is about 55% of the GDP , will become difficult for smaller and when you consider the accumulatedas against the developed market bench- newer players to build a wide and deep losses that the industry has made.marks of 150-250%. There are chal- distribution network. Moreover, in- We need foreign capital and we needlenges in the short term, but the creased pressure on profit margins long-term capital to unleash a secondlong-term prospects of the industry re- would mean that smaller insurers may wave of insurance distribution to themain intact and are significantly posi- opt for a change in ownership. This will underrepresented sections of society.tive. None of the drivers for a higher give bigger players more opportunities Foreign capital would also come withpenetration of insurance products have to gain a market share. In the long term, deeper expertise in products, bettergone away -- underpenetration, the lack underwriting skills and superior tech-of a social net, low long- term savings, a nology transfer to India. Also, from a PARAMETERS FY 2010-11young population and so on. short-term perspective, at a time when Given all the macro-economic factors Total premium Incomeand the general uncertainty I would ex- , there is a net outflow of capital from (` in crore) 9,004 the country, a positive move of in-pect the growth of the life insurance in- Renewal premium creasing foreign direct investment 4,924dustry to remain anaemic in FY12–13. income (` in crore) (FDI) will help reverse the flow andThe numbers for April seem to further Operating improve sentiments. Yes, the relax- 16.0%confirm this fear. We expect our 2011-12 expenses ratio ation of FDI can bring in significantgrowth to sustain in 2012-13. Market share advantages to the people of this coun- 12.9% In spite of challenges, we registered a in percentage try. But I do not see the FDI cap relax-maiden profit of Rs 271 crore in 2011-12, Assets under manage- ation happening in a hurry. 26,498recording a 13% growth in the total pre- ment (` in crore)34 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  26. ed towards top five players in future” acting with customers more, educate get a clear roadmap of their financial them on benefits of insurance products, future. In other words, it outlines need- and need-based selling to draw more based selling through a scientific ap- customers into this industry . proach that leads to a right financial Fund performance: Maintaining a plan with clear financial objectives. competitive fund performance will be Customers understand their risk pro- another key focus area. Since cus- file, financial position, goals and needs, tomer preference will be skewed to- and the subsequent asset allocations, in- wards stable and safe investment cluding insurance. instruments in view of the uncertain We have also introduced a 30-day free external environment, attracting cus- look-in as we know that customers may tomers towards investment-cum- need time to comprehend the products protection products will remain they have purchased. We have recently challenging. The product proposition introduced a pre login call in some of players will be around the long term channels to ensure that we walk cus- with a higher element of protection. tomers through every aspect of the pro- Customer service: Last but not the posed policy before we issue the least customer service will become document. These calls are recorded for more crucial than before for ensuring a future reference. We are extremely con- profitable business. Service standards, scious of these issues and will continue need-based selling, and customer reten- to take additional steps to drive con- tions will become key differentiators. sumer awareness. Apart from all the above, the implica- What are the new scheme plans that tions and implementation roadmap ofan award from MONTEK SINGH AHLUWALIA, give HDFC Life a unique proposition the proposed Direct Tax Code (DTC) willthe picture is AKSHAY RAHEJA of Outlook group. from its core competitors? be a key challenge. HDFC Life’s product portfolio com- the life insurance industry will be more What do you think about low cus- prises solutions, which meet various polarized towards the top five big play- tomer awareness in the life insur- customer needs such as protection, ers. These set of players will dominate ance sector? Any steps your pension, savings, investment and the market along with their effort on company took to curtail this gap? health. Customers have the added ad- building efficient distribution channels, Consumer awareness is definitely vantage of customizing the plans, by a competitive cost structure, customized an area of concern. At HDFC Life, we adding optional benefits called “rid- products targeting specific segments, have taken several significant steps to ers”, at a nominal price. Currently we and an emerging mode of distributing ensure that customers understand have 25 retail and nine group products insurance to build a long-term sustain- their products well and make the right in our portfolio, along with 10 op- able business. product choice. tional riders catering to the savings, Renewal income and persistency: We have rolled out ‘Most Important investment, protection and retirement Both are the key drivers for ensuring Document (MID),’ a one-page question- needs of customers. the quality of business that is being un- naire on HDFC Life’s key product fea- We have one of the best online term in- derwritten.This means that insurers tures to be mandatorily filled by surance products in the market in terms will have to continue to focus on inter- customers in full and signed across, ac- of premium rate and service standards. knowledging full understanding of the We already have a portfolio of nine prod- product features at the time of filling up ucts available on our online platform. FY 2011-12 % Change proposal forms. The rollout of MID is a Unlike other insurance companies, we proactive initiative from HDFC Life to havent restricted the online platform to 10,202 + 13% ensure that customers understand prod- just a term plan. The online product ucts well before making a decision to portfolio has a healthy mix of protection, 6,345 + 29% purchase it. savings/investments and child plans. We have launched a financial plan- These have been exclusively customized 11.5% - 4.5% ning tool in collaboration with Credit for Online platform. In future, all new Rating Information and Services of product introductions will be available 15.5% + 2.6% India Limited (CRISIL) to offer compre- on our online platform as well. ■ hensive and scientific financial advice 32,254 + 21.7% to customers. It empowers customers to info@bureaucracytoday.com www.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 35
  27. S t a t e Wa t c h Del h iEast Delhi gears up forAs the civic marble of the national Capital, the familiar MCD is no longer a siCorporation. Bureaucracy Today speaks to the Mayor and the Commissioner ofchords, with many challenges to beat. he East Delhi Municipal Corporation covers theT smallest region after the trifurcation. With just 16% of land area, the EDMC has one-third of Delhi’s pop-ulation. East Delhi faces a major challenge to match the civicinfrastructure-to-people ratio. The Corporation of the mostdensely populated municipal region of the Capital is set totransform the area. EDMC Mayor Annapurna Mishra says that the trifurcationwas greatly required which will “give this region of the Cap-ital a much-needed concern”. She is happy that the decisionwas taken but the “slowness of the process” due to such a re-cent change may gear down the pace. Mishra “urges the Gov-ernment to increase the budget” for the East Delhi MunicipalCorporation, for the “amount allocated is very low consider-ing the status of the civic structure of the area”. The Eastarea, like the rest of Delhi, has specific challenges of its ownand to combat them a bigger budget is the basic requisite. Sanitation, water and parking are the biggest challengeson her agenda. She believes that the confiscation of illegalparkings and encroachments will pave the way for a new in-come for the EDMC. The re-tendering will also help in addi-tional monetary generation. “Once the budget is set in place,it will give ample opportunity to us to work in full force”, saysthe Mayor. Since the monsoon is on its way seemingly small ,tasks like gutter cleaning become very important. Thus even Slums in the interior parts of East Delhithe smallest of the daily tasks are highly central. She sayswith the North and South Delhi areas, East Delhi is not in the East Delhi Municipal Corporation Commissioner Sajjansame league. “There cannot be any comparison”. “I aim to Singh Yadav is a 1995 batch IAS officer. He believes in effi-make the East Delhi Municipal Corporation an ideal Nagar cient work culture as he firmly tells a colleague to adhere toNigam,” says the EDMC Mayor, as she signs off. efficient service, for “I may not be lenient anymore”. As theANNAPURNA MISHRA, Mayor, East Delhi Municipal Corporation36 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  28. Municipal renovationngle body. The trifurcated MCD is now North, East and South Delhi Municipalthe EDMC as the trifurcated division and ambitious planning strike scores of ©Image:Bureaucracy Today SS YADAV, IAS (UT:95), Commissioner, EDMC first Commissioner of the EDMC, Yadav finds it encouraging “In the given circumstances, in-situ development with least and difficult at the same time. It’s his first posting in the Cap- disturbance is being promoted,” says the AGMUT cadre IAS ital’s municipal structure, and he is keen as well as thorough officer. The Municipal Corporation is only responsible for with matters pertaining to the civic amenities of the coun- roads less than 60 feet in width. The “maintenance of 40 feet try’s largest metropolis. roads, street roads, drainage, community infrastructure, The main challenge to the EDMC is that of “Sanitation”, schools and dispensaries is constant work” of the EDMC, side says Yadav as he points out that the area has a “daily disposal by side “improving” the civic sense of people through “public of 1,500 metric tonnes of garbage”. Garbage collection and its promotions, propagating change to better corporation-people disposal have been a major issue in the city. The Ghazipur management and land redevelopment”. These are “some of landfill site is under renovation and an automated garbage the focal points which need to be immediately expedited”, he processing plant will start working in the next two months. says. Yadav firmly believes in changing the “psyche of the The plant will carry “waste to an energy plant and the com- people towards East Delhi” as the jamuna par clutter. He aims bustible waste will feed a 12MW power plant”. “The waste seg- at improving the civic infrastructure by way of people and regation will be in plastic, glass, metal and combustible corporation involvement and coordination. material” which will be “further processed to match the sell- Post-trifurcation, with the new allocation of staff and ap- ing and retailing” of final products, he says. The other issues pointments, the IAS officer is using the time to absorb the struc- which concern him are “greenery and afforestation of the tural and operational procedures till the Municipal Corporation area, its development as part of the infrastructure and rev- is fully efficient which ”will not take long”. Due to constraints of enue collection”. He says the southern part of the East Delhi area and population, East Delhi needs structures like multi-level municipal area is much better planned with many posh parking, commercial and residential complexes, a modernized colonies like Mayur Vihar and Nirman Vihar as compared to real estate, and revenue generation and monitoring. ■ the North which constitutes many urban villages. aastha.rs@bureaucractytoday.com www.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 37
  29. In d u st r y wa tc hAll is not well with Indian tobacco exportsThere has been a decline in the production of tobacco in India ever since G. Kamal Vardhan Rao,IAS (KL: 90), became Chairman of the Tobacco Promotion Board. But he blames the WHOobligation and foreign competitors for this decline in an interview with Bureaucracy Today. he Mid- leaf and tobacco products to the Middle ing 300 million kgs of tobacco annually . T dle East is emerg- ing as a key con- East region in 2011 were estimated to be of Rs 4,170 crore.” Indian tobacco is exported to more The entire amount of tobacco pro- duced is brought to auction platforms where more than 100 registered compa- sumer of Indian than 115 countries across the world nies participate in auction.” tobacco exports. and the Board is entrusted with regu- He further says, “Being the second Thus the To- lating the production and curing of largest producer of tobacco in the world bacco Promo- Virginia tobacco. Rao says, “Since its after China, India witnessed a golden tion Board has inception, the Tobacco Board has been period when its exports went up frommade an institutional framework for looking upon itself to coordinate and Rs. 2,000 crore in 2007-08 to Rs. 3,388all-round development of the tobacco streamline the production, internal crore in 2008-09. Again in the year 2009-industry and to showcase Indian prod- marketing and exports of Flue Cured 10 our tobacco exports reached the high-ucts at the global forum. Board Chair- Virginia (FCV) tobacco growing in the est level of Rs. 4,402 crore. But theman Rao says, “Middle East countries States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, exports declined in 2011 as countriesare one of the important destinations Maharashtra and Orissa. There are like Brazil, Zimbabwe and Tanzania areof India’s tobacco and tobacco prod- more than two lakh farmers engaged main competitors for the Indian tobaccoucts. Of our total tobacco exports, the in FCV tobacco cultivation in Andhra leaf. Thus to promote exports the To-Middle East has about 16 percent share. and Karnataka. Our Board organizes bacco Board participates in interna-The total exports of Indian tobacco seed and fertilizer supplies worth Rs tional events, leads trade delegations 150 crore every year. We also undertake and explores new destinations. Recently Crop Production agricultural extension activity in a big the tobacco industry and the Tobacco Season (M.kgs.) way in association with the Central To- Board jointly put up a stall at the World bacco Research Institute (CTRI). More- Tobacco Middle East Exhibition held in 2007-08 252.98 over, we have even introduced the Dubai in April.” 2008-09 317.93 auction system to ensure a fair and re- India has signed the WHO Frame- 2009-10 323.25 munerative price to tobacco growers work Convention and Tobacco Control and prompt payment to them. We have along with other 170 countries. Rao 2010-11 301.09 a total of 31 auction platforms market- says, “This international obligation gives us the responsibility to regulate Tobacco Tobacco Products Total the tobacco crop and advise farmers to Year Qty. (tons) Value Qty. (tons) Value Qty. (tons) Value go in for alternative crops. In the last (Rs./crores) (Rs./crores) (Rs./crores) two years we have reduced tobacco cul- 2007-08 174690 1478.51 30657 544.27 205347 2022.78 tivation by more than 57 million kgs. 2008-09 197127 2713.28 27740 675.15 224867 3388.43 Farmers are showing interest in going 2009-10 229632 3655.49 29934 746.80 259566 4402.29 in for other alternative crops.” ■ 2010-11 212573 3192.39 39725 1018.02 252298 4210.41 shalini.singh 2011-12 202728 3107.02 39883 1063.51 242611 4170.53 @bureaucracytoday.com38 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  30. C o r p o r at e wa t c hWe revolutionized the use of aluminiumin Indian industry- Sitaram JindalJindal Aluminium Ltd Chairman and Managing Director SitaramJindal speaks to Bureaucracy Today on consistently leading theIndian aluminium industry for decades and on instituting the SRJindal Prize to honour talented individuals in various areas. Dabaspet plant. The first phase itself will produce a capacity of 1,800 TPM for foils and 1,500 TPM for coiled sheets,” adds Jindal. Apart from being a business magnate, Jindal is actively involved in various social and welfare activities. His company allocates more than 20 per cent of its profit for CSR programmes annually. The latest ini- tiative by the Sitaram Jindal Founda- tion is the SR Jindal Prize instituted last year to accolade exceptional serv- ice of current significance by individ- uals or organisations for the country. Explaining the initiative, Jindal says, “Indian businessmen are generally considered money-minded; they don’t want to contribute a single penny for the benefit of society. The idea of the SR Jindal Prize germinated eight ©Image:Bureaucracy Today years ago, but for some reason I put it on hold. Four years ago again I dis- cussed it with some intellectuals and we zeroed in on this prize wherein a corpus of Rs 125 crore was created under the scheme. The foundation gave 27 prizes under various cate- gories such as rural development and poverty alleviation, health, including drugless therapy, education with anSITARAM JINDAL, Chairman and Managing Director, Jindal Aluminium Ltd emphasis on moral fortification, sci- ith a turnover of about Rs minium extrusions.” Describing theW ence, technology and environment, 1000 crore, Jindal Alu- nature of competition being faced by and peace, social harmony and devel- minium is India’s largest Jindal Aluminium, he says, “Presently opment to various personalities likealuminium extrusion producer and there are more than 100 aluminium ex- Anna Hazare, APJ Abdul Kalam andmeets about 35 percent of the nation’s trusion manufacturers in the country Santosh Hegde for their contributionaluminium extrusion demand. Its but with our quality, reputation and to Indian society.”CMD, Sitaram Jindal, says, “We are satisfactory services we are able to get The Jindal Aluminium CMD furthercommitted to cater to the automation 15 percent higher prices for our prod- says, “This year again we are invitingsegment with the most comprehensive ucts.” entries for the prizes to be announcedarray of extruded profiles. We produce Diversifying its horizon the com- in September 2012 as I believe that themore than 4,000 different aluminium pany is presently concentrating on its recognition garnered to the awardeesproducts and export them to countries Dabaspet plant in Bangalore. “Jindal will further catalyse their efforts to-like the US, UK, Germany, Singapore Aluminium has revolutionized the use wards social upliftment.” ■and the Gulf. Our current capacity is of aluminium in Indian industry. We60,000 tonnes per annum and in 2010-11 are currently focusing on the produc- shalini.singhwe produced about 44,700 MT alu- tion of 5.5 micron thick foils at our @bureaucracytoday.com40 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  31. Integrated Security & Surveillancestill in infancy in IndiaWith the growing technological grand, day to day we depend on gadgets. Even a mere 9x5cm-sized debit card holds such important information that can be accessible from all around theworld. The Nelco is one of the global solutions to these services, as credited to India. he Nelco has been in many busi- main. It is executingT ness lines, including B2C, through TV manufacturing, butin the last two decades it has shifted its projects like INCOIS, which comprises im- plementing an ad-focus on the B2B market only. Its core vanced Tsunamistrengths are focused and aligned to warning system andimplement and manage the critical in- integrated security so-frastructure of organizations of both lutions for many sta-IT and non-IT systems. Industrial tions in the South andDrives, Traction & SCADA to Cromp- North-Western Rail-ton Greaves Ltd. (CGL) were some of ways of India. A pan-its major activities in 2011-12. Africa project With over 25 years of experience, PJ implemented for theNath’s conviction in the Nelco is Government of India,highly evident, as he strictly focuses involved the Nelco toon maintaining the Tata trust and val- set up a communica-ues. He says that the company is con- tions and video net-scious of being part of the Tata Group, work across 53which has immense benefits of the countries in Africa forlarger ecosystem and puts tremendous tele-medicine and tele-responsibility on our shoulders to de- education. “These proj-liver the values to all our stakeholders. ects require a very high Currently VSAT is the most viable level of technical ex-and reliable mode of connectivity for pertise and add valuelow bandwidth applications in the re- for customers,” saysmote locations. The Tatanet VSAT the CEO.services were earlier branded as part The Integrated Se-of ‘Tata Indicom’, although this has curity and Surveil-been part of the Nelco since its incep- lance industry is stilltion in 1995. Initially, it was started as in its infancy in India.a captive VSAT network for the Tata There is a lot of roomGroup. Then it entered the commercial for growth in the secu- PJ NATH, CEO, NELCOVSAT services market in 2003. rity solutions busi- Presently, the “Nelco has about 13% ness primarily driven All the services provided by theof the market share of the installed by convergence of infrastructure into Nelco are focused on the integrationbase. The Tatanet offers VSAT connec- ‘IP networks’. This makes the infra- of critical infrastructure like Securitytivity solutions such as Bank ATM & structure ready for remote monitoring devices or IT devices and monitoringbranch connectivity, Corporate WAN and management. as well as the management of many ofand extended enterprise connectivity, Nath says, “The depreciating Indian these elements from a centralizedBroadband Internet for remote loca- rupee is certainly a cause of concern monitoring facility either on thetions, Interactive distance learning so- for the industry and also impacts our premises or remotely from its 24x7lutions and high speed connectivity business. At the same time we are network centre at Mahape, Navi Mum-for the oil & gas sector”, says Nath, hopeful of a much higher growth bai, informs the CEO as he signs off. ■who has a Master’s in Management phase for our services, particularly theStudies from the BITS, Pilani. Security & Surveillance solutions, aastha.rs The Nelco has ventured into the Sat- once the infrastructure spending picks @bureaucracytoday.comcom projects and physical security do- up momentum.”www.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 41
  32. Pe o p l e & p r o f i l eITBP-sentinels of Indian borders With an aim to build its infra- structure and logistics in pro- portion to China’s infrastructure along the Sino-Indian border, ITBP Director General Ranjit Sinha speaks to Bureaucracy Today about his initiatives for the force and the completion ofRANJIT SINHA, Director General, ITBP 50 years of the ITBP. ormed in 1962 with only four bat- of stores and the movement of man- security to VVIPs of the country Sinha .F talions to guard India’s northern borders, the Indo-Tibetan BorderPolice today has 53 battalions. They are power are done through airdropping and helicopter sorties. We are regularly sub- mitting proposals to the Centre request- says, “Our role has been expanded and presently we are playing a multifaceted role-- border guarding, helping in anti-deployed for border guarding duties ing it to improve road connectivity to Naxal operations, providing VVIP se-along the 3,488 kilometres of the India- border areas. So far 27 roads along the curity, performing law & order dutiesChina border. The ITBP is also consid- India-China border have been con- and helping foreign missions. More-ered one of the icy highly acclaimed elite structed and the remaining ones are over, the ITBP is also involved in pre-border guarding forces in the world. The under process of completion. It should venting trans-border crime, smuggling,ITBP is playing an active role in enhanc- take a couple of years more to completely unauthorized entry into and exit froming its surveillance measures. ITBP DG connect the border areas.” India and other illegal activities in itsSinha says, “The ITBP jawans work with Regarding the reports of threats to area of responsibility Thus in order to .the ethos of Shaurya, Drdhta and Karm- India’s security from the China bor- perform well we make our jawans un-nistha. You know that the India-China ders, the DG says, “I would not say they dergo various training activities. Butborder terrain on which we are deployed are correct. But the main issue is that the biggest problem is that we are notis a difficult one. We require special type China has developed an outstanding in- equipped with latest gadgets.”of clothing and facilities to survive in frastructure in its border areas. Facili- Has the Ministry of Home Affairssuch environment. Despite such difficult ties are easily accessible to its forces given a target to the civilian armedtopography our jawans never found it a , but on our side the situation is diverse. forces for the inclusion of five percentbarrier in discharging their duties at alti- Our roads are now being built but we women in their ranks? The ITBP DGtudes of more than 18,500 feet (above sea have set a timeframe for the completion replies, “Looking at the nature of du-level). But the main problem which we of our projects so that facilities could ties and challenges at the ITBP,are facing these days is that of connectiv- also be accessible to us easily.” presently we have the 0.5 percent fe-ity The ITBP has some posts where it is . The ITBP is not just confined to look- male strength but we are working toextremely difficult to move men and ma- ing after the India-China border. It is increase it to 1.5 percent.” ■terial through the land route. The supply also playing a pivotal role in providing shalini.singh@bureaucracytoday.com42 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  33. New chief at the NLC helm Surender Mohan assumed officeB as Chairman–cum-Managing Di- rector of the Neyveli LigniteCorporation Ltd on July 1, 2012. Prior tothis, he had been holding the post of Di-rector (Mines) of the same organizationsince May 1, 2008. Surender Mohan,with more than three decades of experi-ence in the mining industry passed out ,from Osmania University, Hyderabad,in 1977. He holds the First Class Man-ager Certificate of Competencyawarded by the Directorate General ofMines Safety, Dhanbad, and is a post-graduate diploma holder in BusinessAdministration. Commencing his career in theRourkela Steel Plant, a PSU under theSteel Authority of India Ltd, Mohanworked in the mechanized captive ironore mine in Orissa. He later moved toRashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd where heworked in the fully Dolomite and Lime-stone mines in the Khamman and Kr-ishna districts of Andhra Pradesh. He joined the NLC on January 19,1998 as Deputy General Manager andwas subsequently elevated to the rankof General Manager. In the NLC, he hasheaded various divisions, namely Pro-duction, Operation and Mine Planningof Mine-I and Mine-II. He was pro- B SURENDER MOHAN, CMD, Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC)moted Chief General Manager in Au-gust 2003 and worked as Unit Head of Planning Commission, presented the the mining Industry .Mine-I & IA. During his tenure as Unit Vishwakarma Award (Achievement As part of the Management Develop-Head, both the mines exceeded the in- Award for Best Project under Mining ment Programme, Surinder Mohan hasstalled capacity of 10.5 million tonnes Domain) to the NLC. visited the US, France and Italy He pre- .of lignite per annum (MTPA) and 3.0 The Barsingsar Lignite Mine Project sented a case study on the NLC at theMTPA, respectively . (2.1 MTPA) was the other project which 21st World Mining Congress Expo-2008 In May 2008, he was elevated to the was completed without cost overrun in Poland. Being a Member of the Indo-post of Director (Mines) in the NLC. during his tenure as Director(Mines). US Coal Working Group (CWG), he vis-After taking over as Director, the per- Surender Mohan has received an ‘Ex- ited Washington D.C to attend theformance of mines was consistently on cellence Award’ from the Indian Min- CWG meeting .He is a Life member ofthe growth path and every year the pre- eral Industry Journal for his the Mining Engineers Association ofvious records were broken which paved performance in the NLC during 2009- India and a Fellow of the Institution ofthe way for the power stations to create 10. He has bagged the Best Corporate Engineers (India). He was also thenew records in power generation. Director Management Excellence Chairman of this institution (Neyveli Under his vibrant leadership, the Award for the year 2011-12 instituted by chapter) during the period 2008-2010 pe-Mine-II Expansion Project (10.5 MTPA the same Journal for his significant riod. He has also held the position ofto 15 MTPA) was completed without contribution in the lignite scenario of Chairman of the Tamil Nadu and Ker-cost overrun. The Construction Indus- India. The IME Journal Golden Ju- ala Mines Safety Association. ■try Development Council, New Delhi, a bilee Award was given to him on May 4, abhinav.trivediprofessional body established by the 2012 for providing valuable service in @bureaucracytoday.comwww.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 43
  34. Gu es t c ol u mnCellular Telephone and UsBy FAIZI O HASHMIH aving your ears to the ground, ing loudly in a sleeping coach much after one had heard but not having the lights have been switched off. One your hand to your ears. In earlier wonders whether the guy has paid extratimes though, the music masters used to fare than others to keep awake and en-sing with their one hand to their ear; force sleeplessness on the fellow passen-even today they touch their ears while gers in the train. Any intervention istaking the name of their guru. Today responded to by the look of injured inno-every second person on the street is found cence or by belligerent rebuke to mindwith a machine clinging to his/her ear. It your business. Some others harass theis a funny sight but commonplace. If the flight stewards by their obduracy as evenmedieval music maestro Taansen were to after the plane starts moving would notvisit this world, he would be immensely let go their penchant to indulge in uselesspleased to find the entire world having be- chat like, it has now started taxiing on thecome his follower – everybody constantly tarmac; it is warm inside; do not fail to‘singing’ with his/her palm covering the lock the car. One lady’s anxious last in-ear. The most amazing sight is that of a struction to her husband before she wasbiker who while very precariously sand- reminded third time to switch off the mo-wiching the mobile between his ear and bile was that he must not forget to sendthe mount of his shoulder yells to his the maid away after reaching home.wife that he would not forget to bring There are, of course, the utterly worth-bread and eggs. He really has a hands- less myriad sales messages confrontingfree life. While all this is adulatory, there you every day, making you wonderare some minor difficulties. For example, whether you were really that rich as beinggone are the days when you could ask an cajoled to buy designer houses. Three sec-address from a passer-by on the street. tions deserve to be complimented for thisNow everyone has a contraption clung to fate. First credit must go to the youngstershis ear, his mind and tongue avidly dis- who use all their energies (read ten fin-tant and inattentive to your appeal. So gers) with so much rapt attention as to puthow dare you break that animated tête-à- you to shame about your own inadequatetête without being chastised for being focus in life, lack of deftness and technol-such a windbag? He is most likely to give ogy-challenged existence. The marketingyou a muddy look or shrug off, hinting at geniuses come second who see this as ayour inanity.There used to be tennis wonderful opportunity to entice cus-elbow; now we will hear cell-phone-elbow tomers. The providers of cellular servicesspreading around. also deserve our gratitude for making Your columnist witnessed a family of such absurdly low offers as 3,000 messagesfour waiting to be served in a restaurant, for Rs.79 and so on; for a little higherall individually connected to their respec- amount they would perhaps permit you totive associates through their mobiles but send one message each to every single souldetached from each other and immediate living in this miserable world. Last butsurroundings. There are others who not the least the Telecom Regulatory Au-while sitting in a theatre and against re- thority deserves accolades for making itpeated requests would continue settling happen, i.e. cheapness in cost as well astheir business deals in your hearing level of conversation/messages.Let usrange. Why they come to see a film or a vote to exchange the cost of one litre ofplay is not understood if they cannot keep petrol with one minute of talk time. ■some moments for enjoyment and as fam-ily time. Some enthusiasts are found talk- (Faizi O Hashmi,IAS, is Managing Director Goa Industrial Development Corporation.) , info@bureaucracytoday.com44 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  35. Po li c y w a t c hCorporate governance in State-owned enterprises Governments bely the expectation that alist bureaucrat. Major decisions are they would be the first to faithfully en- not left to the management and the force them. Board of Directors. Indian private sector companies, even A glaring example is the merger of under dominant family ownership, fol- Indian Airlines with Air India. There low SEBI Clause 49 requirements. was little or no prior preparation. Con- Some do it in name, not in deed. Inde- sequent human relations problems pendent Directors are old friends (or stultified the merger in practice. On celebrities). Sitting fees and prestige the other hand, a well-governed Tech motivate many appointees. They do not Mahindra and the Satyam merged want to jeopardize these by asking in- within two years and the merged com- convenient questions. The majority pany is now a superior performer. shareholders run the company without In management, the Government any director querying them. overruled the Air India management Many private companies are trans- and substantially increased the num- parent. Independent directors are fully ber of planes ordered, committing Air informed. They find it useful and prof- India to a huge debt. There was no uti- itable to have such third parties who in- lization plan. Instead, many lucrativeBy SL Rao dependently examine and advise on routes were given away to domestic and rivate listed companies at leastP various matters relating to the company . foreign airlines. Clearly good corporate , follow on paper the rules of cor- Good corporate governance has helped governance and management auton- porate governance. Listed compa- to improve corporate performance. The omy without bureaucratic interferencenies among State-owned enterprises and 2010-11 Public Enterprises Survey would not have landed the nation inthe wholly owned public enterprises, it shows that the Central Government- this costly mess in these airlines. Min-is said, do not and when they do, it is cos- owned public enterprises made a declin- isters and bureaucrats took Board andmetic. Retired government servants are ing contribution to the GDP. Their managerial decisions. The issues in theappointed as Independent Directors on growth was slower than that of the rest public sector are lack of corporate gov-audit and remuneration committees to the GDP There are no truly ‘indepen- . ernance, bureaucratic interference inwhere they reportedly passively agree to dent’ directors to protest this erosion in management and lack of accountabil-all government proposals. the value of their companies. Minority ity of the bureaucrats. Many unsuc- The SEBI has rules and systems for shareholders have not exercised them- cessful attempts have been made tothe accountability of the company’s selves over their loss. The Indian citizen distance Ministries and bureaucrats bymanagement and owners to various (the true majority shareholder, unlike public enterprises. But professionalstakeholders. Institutional mecha- the Joint Secretary in the Ministry who managers are subservient to their con-nisms to be followed by each company controls the enterprise), and his legisla- trolling bureaucrats. They need auton-include: appointment of Independent tive representatives neither understand omy in major decisions on strategy,Directors who will fearlessly question nor are interested. investment, diversification, pricing,the management, an audit committee Coal India Limited has private share- marketing, top appointments, etc.to scrutinize accounting policies and holders, including a British investment Good corporate governance will safe-procedures and ensure transparency fund. The fund protested when the Gov- guard minority shareholder interestsand fairness, a remuneration commit- ernment imposed a supply obligation and improve performance. Managerialtee to decide on remuneration to the on Coal India. Independent Directors autonomy will enhance performanceManaging Director and other top man- had earlier protested. Clearly this is an- further. The best answer is to free na-agement officials, a nominations com- tipathetic to principles of corporate tional resources locked up in public en-mittee to propose new entrants to the governance and against shareholder in- terprises and improve their productiveBoard, and a shareholders’ grievances terest. Coal India is an inefficient com- contribution to the nation by freeingcommittee to ensure that shareholders’ pany that could mine more coal at lower them from government ownership.complaints and grievances are dealt costs if there was enough motivation to Until governments muster politicalwith satisfactorily Related party trans- . use technology and incentives. But it is will to do that, they should strictly fol-actions have to be reported regularly. an unregulated state monopoly that has low rules of corporate governance. ■Good corporate governance aims to depressed power and fertilizer produc-guarantee that the company is directed tion and the nation’s economic growth. (Surendra Laxminarayan Rao is aand controlled responsibly, profession- Apart from governance, all public en- columnist and a Distinguished Fellowally, and transparently. Essentially it terprises (Central and State) suffer (Emeritus) of The Energy and Resourcesadds to the confidence of the share- from interference in all major manage- Institute (TERI). The views of the authorholders and investors in the company . rial decisions by the all-knowing gener- are personal)46 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  36. Gu es t c ol u mnDeputation bluesBy DILIP CHERIAN widely understood but largely un- from the State were babus who were per-A stated axiom of the India bureau- cracy is that most babus are eithertrying to hitch themselves a ride to the ceived to be allied too closely with the pre- vious Left regime and who expected to be ignored by the Trinamool Government orCentre on “deputation” or, if already there, left to potter about in unimportant posts.trying every stratagem to hang on to their Politics too exerts a powerful influence in‘deputation’ kursi. A Central posting on babu appointments and transfers. The re-“deputation”, therefore, is a worthy goal cent brouhaha between Delhi Chief Minis-for any determined climber of the babu ter Sheila Dikshit and Union Homerungs of power. Out of the total authorised Minister P Chidambaram, therefore, needsstrength of 6,154 IAS officers in the coun- to be seen in this light. The Union Hometry, the Central Deputation Reserve (CDR) Ministry recently ordered the “routine”is 1,331. So, at any given time one in every transfer of 27 Delhi officials. Unfortu-six IAS officers is not serving the allotted nately, these babus included some of Dik-State cadre but rather the Government of shit’s favourites, who, she believes, wereIndia. Though these figures as revealed by crucial to the smooth functioning of herMinister of State for Personnel V government which faces an Assembly elec-Narayansamy in the Rajya Sabha recently tion next year. She lodged a strong protest,are for the IAS, the fact holds true for the but till going to press, the situation was farother All India Services and the Central from resolved. The Ministry of Home Af-services as well. fairs is clearly in no mood to retract the Most States face a perennial paucity of transfer order, since these babus have over-IAS officers – at last count, there were only stayed their deputation periods. In fact, it4,337 IAS officers in the country against has issued showcause notices to these offi-the authorised strength of 6,154 mentioned cials for not complying with the transferabove. The longstanding grudge of the order. The issue is likely to fester sinceState service officers is that despite the va- Dikshit too has hardened her stand on thecancies of IAS positions, governments are transfers and declared that her govern-not promoting State service officers to the ment will not “relieve” the officials untilIAS. In Rajasthan apparently, no State the Centre provides an equal number ofservice officer has been promoted to the replacements.IAS cadre in 17 years! And yet Rajasthan is Just how serious the problem has be-among the States with the highest number come is obvious from a recent observationof vacant positions. by the Parliamentary Standing Committee Not surprisingly, Uttar Pradesh has 216 on the Ministry of Personnel. The com-vacancies, followed by Bihar with 128, mittee headed by Rajya Sabha memberMadhya Pradesh with 118, Rajasthan with Shantaram Naik has stated: “The Commit-112 and Jharkhand with 100 vacancies. In tee is of the considered view that the exist-many instances, the vacuum in the States ing tendency of treating deputation as ahas been caused by State cadre officials tool by persons considering certain placesgoing on Central deputation and then uncomfortable, to ensure posting in a bet-showing great reluctance to return from ter place or to get a hometown postingtheir cushy Central posting to the ‘boon- should be discouraged.” It has further di-docks’, as it were. This has led to what are rected the Ministry of Personnel to en-increasingly termed babu-deficit States force its earlier advisories to checkand babu-surplus States. Among the deficit unauthorised stay on deputation postingStates is West Bengal, where apparently by officials.Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had to Does this reflect a change in the think-actually pass an order banning babus from ing of the Government on the misuse ofapplying for Central deputation. Of deputation? Hard to say ■ .course, many of those hoping to exodus (Dilip Cherian, a former editor of Business India and a widely syndicated columnist, is a seasoned bureaucracy watcher and policy specialist - dilipthecherian@twitter.com) info@bureaucracytoday.comwww.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 47
  37. Po li c y w a t c hWhy would men have any problems?Evolution had made the primary job of a man to protect his tribe and provide for his familyand the woman in turn would take care of the household. Modernity has, however, givenwomen the option to exercise their role as family caretakers and act as providers. This hasshifted the equilibrium between the genders at multiple levels, especially marital. hile the chauvinistic domi- of the Indian Penal Code have givenW nance of men over women needs to be rejected out-rightly, at the same time the over- arbitrary powers to a wife to declare anyone and everyone of her matri- monial family whom she dislikes asreach of radical feminism should also criminals by charging them with ha-be arrested. It is appreciable that rassment for dowry. Surprisinglywomen today feel liberated to realise right from a two-month-old infant totheir potential in non-domestic do- a 90-year-old cancer patient havemains, but there is a tendency among been accused under this section forthem, as a matter of right, to exercise dowry harassment.undeterred power. This is also conse- In the case of a wife having adjust-quently misguiding the process of ment disorders or lacking psycholog-framing law in India. The protec- ical ease in adaptation to hertion of women’s rights need not be matrimonial home, it is found thatat the expense of males. this Section has been mostly mis- Dispassionate social analysts used and abused. The Centre for So-opine that the advent of cial Research has pointed out thatwomen’s liberation has created 98% of the cases were found to havean awkward situation where been falsely filed. This is the reasonmen in modern society face for the lowest conviction rate inreverse discrimination on India under any law as compared toseveral fronts, including anywhere else in the world. Thelaws pertaining to mar- Supreme Court has declared this asriage, educational re- “Legal Terrorism”.sources and profession. This abuse has led to the formation For a man, the acceptance of a Saas-Nanand Section in the fa-of being bullied is against mous Tihar Jail of Delhi. Is it not ahis evolutionary role of a national shame for India that most ofrisk-facer. It is difficult for a these undertrials after spendingman to openly face abuse di- years in jail have been found to be in-rected towards him by a nocent? The figures clearly show that Arrests during the period 1999-2010 under Section 498Awoman, be it marital or sexual harass- this law has adversely affected fe-ment. An Economic Times survey has Total no. of arrests: males also. Since 98% of these ar-found that more men than women face 16, 06,701 rests were in false cases, it puts asexual harassment at their work- question mark on the system of laws No. of arrested males:places. Domestic violence still con- and prosecution in our republic. 12, 40,671jures images of a wife as a victim, Under these circumstances it be-while surveys show men are almost No. of arrested females: comes imperative to constitute a Na-equal in number as victims of domes- 3, 66,030 tional Commission for Men whichtic abuse. In the context of marital would take care of male issues and rec-life, the victim usually hopes for abuse suicide in 2010 and this number is ommend corrective measures beforeto die down, the relationship to settle increasing by at least 4% every year. further bad laws are made that canfor the better and that the victim need Most marital laws have been have an adverse impact on the lives ofnot always be a woman. framed without considering mans men and their families. ■ We as a society have been in a de- position as a victim. The popular per-nial mode on issues related to men. ception in Indian society allows itselfAccording to the National Crime to turn a blind eye to the rampant By Amit DeshpandeRecords Bureau, 61,453 married men abuse of marital laws. Member of Protect Indian(twice than women) committed Analysts say laws like Section 498A Family Foundation48 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  38. Gu es t c ol u mnGrowing disconnect betweencitizens and the StateBy RITESH KUMAR SINGH ven an outsider can witness the de- ties and overprocurement) and massE cline of public confidence in gover- nance and the growing disconnectbetween government machinery and citi- poverty in India. There is a shameless dis- play of power and wealth among well-offs. Though there are certain exceptions, anzens in India. The gap between what the In- increasing number of politicians anddian State is doing and what it should be babus have stopped considering them-doing is increasing each passing day The. selves as public servants and the distinc-feeling among citizens that both the Govern- tion between public interest and personalment and the bureaucracy are no longer interest is blurred.performing their entrusted tasks, with the Every citizen including a woman has thelevels of commitment expected of them, is right to live with dignity and take deci-an all-time high. Alleged overt or covert in- sions which affects his/her life. But wevolvement of some members of the top have caste panchayats that openly pre-brass of the Central and State Governments scribe honour killing often in connivancein corruption has intensified this thinking. with local politicians. Crime against Strong opposition is the key requirement women limits their freedom. Those whoof any democratic polity and India is no ex- are entrusted with protecting them comeception. The growing disarray in the main out with bizarre comments. Since womenopposition party BJP is quite disappoint- comprise roughly 50% of the population,ing. Parochial demands of UPA coalition their safety will ensure their growing par-partners have made the functioning of gov- ticipation in workforce which will add toernment machinery quite difficult in India. India’s GDP.Common citizens have come to accept that Democracy thrives on freedoms ofwhatever party (or parties) is in power, which economic freedom is an importanttheir condition will remain unchanged. component. Not allowing farmers toThis has shaken their faith in the State ma- choose who they want to sell and at whatchinery and a process of de-legitimization price either through restrictions on intra-of State institutions is taking place. State movement of goods or price controls A series of market distorting policies and export bans is like putting limits onranging from price control and subsidy to their freedom. Similarly, considering ban-a ban on cotton export, fiscal mismanage- ning the social media on flimsy grounds isment, galloping inflation, policy flip-flops nothing but limiting the freedom of ex-and slowing growth have reduced India’s pression. The social media has become aattractiveness as an investment destina- pervasive reality of the world and India istion. The recent downgrade by S&P and not untouched by it. Though there’s nothe introduction of retrospective taxation denying that those who are using the so-have further eroded the confidence of in- cial media should practise restrain in theirvestors in India story . criticism of public personalities, banning Luxury cars and SUVs are run on subsi- it cannot be the solution as it will be seendized diesel supposedly meant for the poor as a ploy to counter criticism by a non-while the common citizens have to travel functioning government.in buses or trains like cattle. There are pre- Freedom - economic, social or political—mium homes and slums residing side by is an indispensable constituent of the newside in Indian cities. There are fully com- reality It is time the Indian Government .puterized public schools in metros on the took cognizance of this new reality andone hand while roofless and teacherless adopted its governance style accordingly inschools in remote villages on the other. order to bridge the gap between citizens andThere is co-existence of rotting food (in the the State. India deserves better governanceabsence of requisite warehousing capaci- and all Indians must stand up for that. ■ (The author is a former government servant and is currently associated with Raymond Limited. The views are personal) info@bureaucracytoday.comwww.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 49
  39. S t u de n t spac e WHEN I PREPARED FOR MY UPSC TIPS FOR EXAMINATION ● Do your introspection. ● Do your own SWOT analysis. TIPS FOR INTERVIEW ● Prepare interview questions on your own. ● Practise to say no in case you do not know the answer. ● Remember it is a personality test and not a simple interview. both the subjects in depth during my engineering gradua- tion as well as in postgraduation. I had a fixed schedule of studying Civil Engineering subject, Mathematics and Gen- eral Studies-I and II and did Essay Writing during the day as well as for the whole month. For the CSE micro plan- ning of your study is very important. You need to analyse UPSC question papers of the last 10 years with your friends so that you can predict the current year topics. A scientific study of topics and old UPSC question papers is essential for success.” “If you are serious about passing the UPSC exam youMicro planning of should do an analysis of your Strength, Weakness, Op- portunity and Threat (SWOT) and can select any subjectyour study is very of your choice. Moreover, the overall preparation should become your hobby, pleasurable activity and fun, other- wise the Civil Services Exam becomes very stressful,”important—Pravin adds Pravin Sharing his experiences on facing the inter- view board, Pravin says, “The UPSC interview generally starts with your bio-data, hobby, optional subjects and graduation subjects. But if you are an engineer or a med- The Chairman of the Nagpur Improvement ical graduate and have diverted your interest in career Trust and the Joint Managing Director of the towards the Civil Services then explaining the reasons for such a change of field is a must.” Maharashtra Airport Development Company, The aspirant should be fully aware of current national Pravin Darade, IAS (MH:98), speaks to and international happenings. He can take the help of Bureauc rac y Tod ay about his determination, newspapers and magazines (Frontier, India Today, Bureau- cracy Today, Yojana, Kurukshetra, Spectrum and Civil Serv- dedication and devotion to become a member ices Chronical magazine) and should at least read one of the coveted Civil Services of India. newspaper of a regional language and English each every day. You can also participate in mock interviews in front of dummy panel members along with video shooting. It ravin comes from a humble background. His fatherP was a farmer. He did graduation in Civil Engineer- ing. But somewhere he was not satisfied with hiscareer option, so he thought of trying his luck at the can help you in improving your performance at the actual interview. You should be simple as you are because the panel members are very experienced bureaucrats, tech- nocrats and educationists.Civil Services Exam. He says, “After completing gradua- “The most important thing to succeed at the UPSC exam istion I opted for postgraduation in Structural Engineering your determination, dedication and devotion. Rememberat the IIT, Powai, Mumbai. But this was not my ultimate there is no shortcut to hardwork in life if you want to succeed.goal since I wanted to pursue some other career. Mean- The only gurumantra for success is a dream which does notwhile, my friend suggested that I should opt for the Civil allow you to sleep,” signs off Pravin. ■Services Exam. “I selected Civil Engineering and Mathematics as my shalini.singh@bureaucracytoday.comoptional subjects for the examination since I had studied50 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  40. Join the service for WHEN I PREPARED FOR MY UPSCthe right reasons—Bandana Preyashi “The question isn’t who’s going to let me; it’s who is going to stop me.” These are the famous words from the book Fountainhead by well- known writer Ayn Rand. The same fearless at- titude, courage and boldness of these words are shown by Bandana Preyashi, IAS, in reality TIPS FOR EXAMINATION ● Be concise and to the point in the written examination. ● Cover the syllabus strategically. Focus more on marks scoring sections. ● Have a selective approach to the IAS prelims. petent and unbiased observers is to assess the mental and personal suitability of a candidate. However, Bandana says. “Personally I feel interviews are too discretionary It’s unfair . andana Preyashi, a 2003 batch Bihar cadre IAS officer, to judge the lifetime of hard work in mere 30 minutes.”B inspires women to move into the Civil Services. She is currently the District Magistrate of Gaya and is analumnus of St Stephens College, Delhi. Bandana is credited for Bandana highly recommends the Civil Services as a ca- reer choice for women. She says, “Women command more respect. Expectations from women are higher, which theythe peaceful conduct of panchayat elections last year and mu- usually deliver.” Despite her challenging job, Preyashi keepsnicipal elections recently Bureaucracy Today speaks to . her sense of humour intact. She says, “Women should getPreyashi about the Civil Services Examination and her success. used to being called, Sir. Now I actually like being addressed “Hard work in the right direction”, says Bandana is her as Sir”. Preyashi is known for her fearless attitude as she hassecret of success in the Civil Services Examination. She feels on many occasions stood up to politicians. She advises CSEthe CSE requires a combination of hard work and smart aspirants, “Join the service for the right reasons.”Despitework. An IAS officer is what she always wanted to be. “It was facing various challenges she loves her work and says, “Thea well-thought-out career choice,” Bandana replies when Civil Services have offered me an amazing range of work ex-asked by Bureaucracy Today as to why she chose the Civil perience. The job gives the unique opportunity to make aServices as her career? huge difference in the lives of people.” The Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT), a new pattern in The CSE involves preparing for all the three stages of thethe syllabus of the preliminary examination, was introduced exam-- the prelims, the mains, and the interview. Bandanaby the UPSC to choose aspirants with the right aptitude. The feels that each of these stages needs to be prepared with a spe-UPSC is planning some changes in the main examination in cific approach in mind. “Every moment of hard work which is2013 as well. On the pattern of the examination and selection put during the preparation is rewarded by the immense self-of civil servants, Bandana simply says. “I wish there was a satisfaction that we get from work,” the Gaya DM concludes. ■way to find out the honesty and integrity quotient”. The pur-pose of the interview or personality test by a board of com- parul.goswami@bureaucracytoday.com Respected Sir, Respected Sir, Congrats Gitanjali First of all & without a miss my heartiest thanks to the entire team of Ambition You have been very instrumental in my success. Your classes helped me in developing conceptual IAS 2012 clarity and very good understanding of the subject matter. Sir, your personal attention and timely advice Marks (Law) - 371 Law Institute who really helped me in achieving this goal. Without Sirs guidance and timely Gitanjali Brandon has done it having helped me to maintain focused approach towards the judicial examination. Moreover, your positive and law optional, you can do it too! help each and every time, throughout my coaching, it would not have been possible . Clearing enthusiastic interaction kept me motivated throughout my preparation. I thank you for being my guide to Haryana Judiciary in my very first attempt is a dream come true and ofcourse it requires loads success.I dedicate my success to my institute & my parents , Its their support and blessing which has made of dedication & seriousness and I am very very much thankful to u sir & whole team who everything possible for me...Neha Goyal showed me the right path to achieve this dream ... Vivek Chaudhary Respected Sir, UTTARAKHAND JUDICIAL 2012 I would like to take this opportunity to inform you about my success in CSE . I am truly thankful to you for providing me quality guidance and helping me to achieve my goal.Your unique an interesting way of teaching has made me love the subject and has guided to attain success in a very short span of time and get 363 marks in LAW. Ambition Law Institute is really an awesome Institute. ItPriyanka Singh I.A.S. 2011 provided me the means to achieve my goal in life. I heartly appreciate all the efforts that the entire Ambition team has put into my success & many others like me. JUDICIAL & Niharika Mittal CIVIL Sandeep Kumar Tiwari Anita Kumari Neha Qayyum 6 th RANK (WSDP) BATCHES BEGIN INTEGRATED 6 July & 18 July SERVICES 11 July LL.B./CLAT (Common Law Admission Test): Foundation Course Begins 29th July 110, Virat Bhawan (MTNL Building), Near Batra Cinema, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Delhi - 110009 Ph: 9312548656, 011 - 2765 - 5079, 3291 - 3949 Call between: 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Email: ambition.law.institute@gmail.com AEPL Web Site: www.ambitioneducare.com hostel Facility arranged For Further Information SMS 52424
  41. S t u de n t spac e“Come and be part of the system tochange the system”, G Shrikant here were many incidents which inspired WHEN I PREPARED FOR MY UPSC T Shrikant to choose the Civil Services as his career. But there are two which he re- members the most. His seniors, colleagues and railway passengers always used to taunt him. “Don’t try to be a District Collector. You are just a ticket collector”. Such sarcasm hit him hard and these words were always there in his mind. He partly owes his success to his girl friend. “She always motivated me to do something great and that great thing turned out to be my being an IAS officer”, says Shrikant. Shrikant welcomes the Union Public Service Commission’s new format of aptitude test intro- duced in the Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam- ination 2011. He feels the need for a change in the mains as well. “Remove all optional subject papers. Uniformity should be brought in which will remove the general apprehensions of an as- pirant”. For the interview, he says, “It should not be limited to 45 minutes. The interview should go on for seven days like in the case of commandant selection in the armed forces”. While in Government service and preparing for the Civils must be really hard. Remembering his preparation days, Shrikant says, “I took two attempts to clear this exam. I used to study a minimum eight hours per day and did a revi- sion every Saturday and Sunday”. What is your success mantra? Shrikant sim- ply replies. “The secrets of success in the Civil Services Examination are self-belief, self-confi- dence, smart hard work and a high degree of pa-B urea ucra cy To day talks to 2009 batch Maha- tience.” He advises CSE aspirants, “Come and be part of the system to change the system. Al-rashtra cadre IAS officer G Shrikant. He is cur- ways have a high self-belief and continuouslyrently the Municipal Commissioner of Nanded. strive for success. Shed all negative thoughts.” Shrikant is very much content with his job.His journey from a ticket collector in the Indian “The IAS is a very challenging and interestingRailways to the Municipal Commissioner is truly job. Every day and every hour are different. I be- lieve one must become part of a system if oneencouraging and inspiring. wants to change and improve it. This job is giv- ing me enough resources, so I can contribute my little part in changing the system for good.” TIPS FOR EXAMINATION Through Bureaucracy Today, he wishes the For the mains: Practise writing by solving old question papers aspirants of Civil Services all success in their ● career. ■ ● For prelims: Solve as many question papers as you can. ● For interview: I completely relied on my friends for mock interviews as they are the right critics and advisors. parul.goswami@bureaucracytoday.com52 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  42. 5th July and 12 July
  43. P S U e ve n t s ONGC signs MoU with CNPC of China Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Chairman and Managing Director Sud- hir Vasudeva signed an MoU with China National Petroleum Corporation Chairman Jiang Jiemin for hydrocarbon cooperation between the global energy giants in New Delhi on June 18, 2012. With this MoU, the companies have agreed to foster their cooperation ei- ther directly or through their subsidiaries in upstream E&P areas, refin- ing or processing of crude oil and natural gas in midstream or downstream projects, marketing and distribution of petroleum products and construction and operation of oil and gas pipelines. The areas of co- operation between ONGC and CNPC will also extend to joint participa- tion in suitable hydrocarbon projects in other countries of interest by exchanging information and working for mutual growth and benefit by extending cooperation in hydrocarbon sectors globally . BHEL bags Rs. 950 crore 1,020MW hydroelectric project in Bhutan Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited signed a deal with the Punatsangchhu Hydroelectric Project Authority for the electro- , mechanical equipment package for a 1,020MW (6x170 MW) hydroelectric project on the Punatsangchhu river in western Bhutan, in New Delhi, on June 26, 2012. Valued at Rs. 950 crore, the order envisages manufacture, supply erection and commissioning of the electro-mechanical , equipment for the project. The project is under bilateral agreement between the Government of India and the Royal Govern- ment of Bhutan. ONGC excels at Petrofed Oil & Gas Industry Awards 2011 event MRPL signs investment MoU with The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation excelled at the Petrofed Oil and Gas Industry Awards 2011 Karnataka Govt event held in New Delhi on June 13, 2012. The Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited Managing ONGC won three awards in the categories of “En- Director UK Basu has signed an MoU with the Karnataka vironmental Sustainability Company of the Year”, Government in regard to the company’s new investments in “Human Resource Management Company of the the State. The MoU was signed in the presence of the Kar- Year” and “Innovator of the Year Team”. nataka Chief Minister and MRPL Chairman Sudhir Va- Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas S sudeva at the Global Investors’ Meet 2012 held in Bangalore Jaipal Reddy presented the awards to ONGC CMD on June 18. Sudhir Vasudeva, who was accompanied by the Speaking on the occasion, Vasudeva confirmed that the PSU Board of Directors – AK Hazarika, Director (On- aims to invest nearly $1.7 billion to expand the MRPL capacity shore), KS Jamestin, Director (HR), UN Bose, Di- from 15 mmtpa to 21 mmtpa and for the production of LAB rector (T&FS), SV Rao, Director (Exploration) and (Linear Alkyl Benzene). AK Banerjee, Director (Finance).54 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  44. NTPC signs MoU with IIT, DelhiSAIL’s Chandrapur Plant set for expansion National Thermal Power Corporation Director (HR) SPThe Chandrapur Ferro Alloy Plant, which is a unit of the Steel Singh signed an MoU with Prof. RK Shevgaonkar, Direc-Authority of India Limited, is all set for expansion. Its ferro alloys tor of the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi to en-production capacity will be increased by about 70 percent over the courage its employees to obtain higher education,existing level of 1,00,000 tonnes per annum. In this connection a develop research skills and accomplish scientific studiesBhoomi Pujjan function was organised which was attended by G.S for development in the energy sector.Gill, Executive Director, SAIL-CFP, Chandrapur. The GM (Pro- The MoU was signed in the presence of D K Agrawal, EDjects), the GM (Works), the GM (P&A), the GM (MM & Mktg) and (NETRA), NTPC, and other senior officials of both thethe GM (F&A) were also present at the ceremony held in Chan- organizations, as the “Maharatna” NTPC plans to en-drapur on June 22, 2012. sure M.Tech. programme degrees in selected domains to two more batches of 10 engineers each.NLC makes a record Rs. 1,411.33 crore profitThe Navratna PSU Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited made a net profit of Rs. 1,411.33 crore in FY 2011-12 which is anall-time record in the 56-year history of the organisation. This was disclosed by the then NLC Chairman and ManagingDirector AR Ansari, at a Press conference held in Chennai on May 28, 2012.Other NLC officials who were present at the conference included B Surender Mohan, new CMD, earlier served asDirector (Mines), SK Acharya, Director (HR), R Kandasamy Director (P&P), Rakesh Kumar, Director (Finance), and ,J Mahil Selvan, Director (Power). MAIL YOUR LATEST EVENTS AT: info@bureaucracytoday.comwww.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 55
  45. PS U rec om men da t i on s RECOMMENDATIONS APPLICATIONS INVITED RECENT APPOINTMENTS Recommendations for top positions in major public sector undertakings in the month of June 2012. Ennore Port Limited Candidate Recommended: AV Krishna Post: Chairman and Managing Director Current position held: GM, AAI Date of Interview: May 30 Candidate Recommended: MA Bhaskarachar ONGC Limited Current positi on held: Deputy Chairman, KPT Post: Director (Technology & Field Services) Date of Interview: June 18 Bharat Earth Movers Ltd Candidate Recommended: Shashi Shanker Post: Chairman and Managing Director Current position held: GM, ONGC Date of Interview: June 21 Candidate Recommended: P Dwarakanath Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) Current positi on held: Dir (Metro &Rail), BEML Post: Director (Corporate Planning & Personnel) Date of Interview: June 19 Hindustan Newsprint Ltd Candidate Recommended: CMDE Rakesh Anand Post: Managing Director Current position held: General Manager, MDL Date of Interview: June 26 Candidate Recommended: KK Suresh Kumar Shipping Corporation of India Ltd Current positi on held: Director (Marketing), HLL Post: Director ( P&A) Date of Interview: June 22 Balmer Lawrie & Co. Limited (BLC) Candidate Recommended: Capt BB Sinha Post: Director (Finance) Current position held: SVP, SCI Date of Interview: May 29 Candidate Recommended: Prabal Basu Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd Current positi on held: General Manager, BLC Post: Director (HRD) Date of Interview: June 25 Heavy Engineering Corporation Limited Candidate Recommended: AK Jain Post: Director (Marketing) Current position held: SGM, BSNL Date of Interview: June 12 RECOMMENDATIONS APPLICATIONS INVITED RECENT APPOINTMENTS B SURENDER MOHAN A SINGH, IAS S CHANDRA,IRSME Takes charge as CMD, NLC Appointed CMD, FCI Appointed CVO, NPCIL B. Surender Mohan, assumed of- Amar Singh, IAS(MP:81), has been ap- Sushil Chandra, IRSME(83), has fice as Chairman and Managing pointed as Chairman and Managing been appointed as Chief Vigilance Director of Neyveli Lignite Corpo- Director, Food Corporation of India. Officer in the Nuclear Power Cor- ration Ltd. poration of India Limited(NPCIL). KC PUROHIT RP SINGH, IAS Appointed CMD, NPCIL AMIT MOHAN PRASAD, IAS Appointed Chairman, NHAI Kailash Chandra Purohit has been Appointed CVO, Oil India Ltd Rajinder Pal Singh, IAS (AP:76), appointed as Chairman and Man- Amit Mohan Prasad, IAS(UP:89) has been appointed as the next aging Director of Nuclear Power has been as Chief Vigilance Officer Chairman of the NHAI. Corporation of India Limited. (CVO) in the Oil India Limited.56 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  46. P S U va c an c i es RECOMMENDATIONS APPLICATIONS INVITED RECENT APPOINTMENTS Shipping Corporation of India Ltd Applications are invited for the post of Director (Mar- keting) in the State Trading Corporation of India Ltd. Post: Chairman and Managing Director The last date for filing applications is August 3. Applications are invited for the post of Chairman and Managing Director, Shipping Corporation of India Ltd. Eastern Coalfields Limited The last date for filing applications is July 26. Post: Director (Technical) National Textiles Corporation Applications are invited for the post of Director (Tech- nical) in the Eastern Coalfields Ltd. The last date for fil- Post: Chairman and Managing Director ing applications is August 6. Applications are invited for the post of Chairman and Managing Director, National Textiles Corporation Ltd. The last date for filing applications is August 7. National Projects Construction Corporation Ltd Post: Director (Engineering) National Seeds Corporation Limited Applications are invited for the post of Director (Engi- Post: Chairman and Managing Director neering), National Projects Construction Corporation Ltd. The last date for filing applications is August 7. Applications are invited for the post of Chairman and Managing Director in the National Seeds Corporation Limited. The last date for filing the applications is Scooters India LTD September 4. Post: Director (Technical) Applications are invited for the post of Director (Tech- National Handloom Development Corporation Ltd nical), Scooters India Ltd. The last date for filing appli- Post: Managing Director cations is August 12. Applications are invited for the post of Managing Direc- tor, National Handloom Development Corporation Ltd. Central Warehousing Corporation The last date for filing applications is August 30. Post: Director (Personnel) Applications are invited for the post of Director (Person- Electronics Corporation of India Ltd nel), Central Warehousing Corporation. The last date Post: Director (Finance) for filing applications is August 13. Applications are invited for the post of Director (Fi- nance), Electronics Corporation of India Ltd. The last Steel Authority of India Ltd date for filing applications is July 20. Post: Director (RM&L) Applications are invited for the post of Director ( Raw National Buildings Construction Corporation Ltd Materials & Logistics) at the Steel Authority of India. Post: Director (Finance) The last date for filing applications is August 16. Applications are invited for the post of Director (Fi- nance) in the National Buildings Construction Corpora- Mahanadi Coalfields Limited tion Ltd. The last date for filing applications is July 25. Post: Director (Technical) Applications are invited for the post of Director (Tech- Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation Ltd nical) in the Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. The last date for Post: Director (Finance) filing applications is August 23. Applications are invited for the post of Director (Fi- nance) in the Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corpo- Bharat Earth Movers Ltd ration Ltd. The last date for filing applications is August 2 Post: Director (Human Resource) Applications are invited for the post of Director (HR), National Jute Manufacturers Corporation. Ltd BEML Limited. The last date for filing applications is Post: Director (Finance) August 24. Applications are invited for the post of Director (Fi- nance), National Jute Manufacturers Corporation Ltd. Western Coalfields Ltd The last date for filing applications is August 3. Post: Director (Finance) Applications are invited for the post of Director (Fi- State Trading Corporation Ltd nance), Western Coalfields Ltd. The last date for filing Post: Director (Marketing) applications is August 30.www.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 57
  47. C re a t i ve S pa c e Sketches of the past Principal Chief Controller of Accounts in the Central Board of Excise and Customs MJ Joseph, ICAS: 1979, speaks to B u re a u c ra c y To d ay about his passion for writing books on important Indian monuments oseph’s first book, Dome over India- a book on Rashtrapati Bhawan, had J some interesting and untold stories. Now with his second one, Sentinels of Raisina Hills, Joseph, along with former Home Secretary Dhirendra Singh, has penned the story of North and South Block in New Delhi that stand as sentinels guarding Rashtrapati Bhawan. Joseph says, “Through this 144-page coffee table book, I and my co-writer Dhirendra Singh cou- pled our experience of working in these two blocks. With our rigorous ef- forts and research we got exciting facts on the planning and construction of these two important monuments of the country Unlike other coffee . table books which were also released when Delhi completed 100 years as India’s capital this book stands out primarily because of the originality of its contents. The 700 rooms built on the hills of Raisina are the place from where the country is virtually running. So penning these places took a good effort.” Being a civil servant it was difficult for Joseph to devote quality time to researching for the book but with the help of Dhirendra Singh this task was made easy He says, “While working at former President . KR Narayanan’s Secretariat, I was asked by the President to write a book on Rashtrapati Bhawan. While researching for my first book I came to know about the commemorative stones in the chambers of North and South Block. These chambers were initially used as a store house since nobody had their keys. We had to break open their doors. It was then that I met the former Union Home Secretary who helped me with the restoration of these chambers. We mutually decided on writing a book on these two blocks after the completion ©Image:Bureaucracy Today of my first book. Years passed by but the idea of writing a book was still a thought due to my busy work schedule. Knowing the fact that 2011 was the year of Delhi completing 100 years as India’s capital, Dhirendra Singh told me that we should now complete the book as this is the correct time to bring it out. It was Dhirendra Singh who did most of the research.” Joseph further says, “During the process of selecting pictures related to the book we were quite confused as we didn’t want them to be huge unlike those in other coffee table books. Then we thought of using black and white sketches which went well with the theme of the book. The sketches are exquisitely done and highlight the timeless architectural beauty and design integrity of these struc- tures.” When asked about his next book, Joseph said, “Well, I am doing research on some ideas but it’s too early to say anything about it.”■ shalini.singh@bureaucracytoday.com58 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY
  48. Pe r f e c t co u p leLove and romance didnt begin ccording to Henny Youngman, ingness to accept the other’s point of view is very important the secret of a happy marriage in marriage. For example, I don’t share her interest of shop- remains a secret but according ping but for her I go along”. to Rajiv Sikri, “The principle of “She is a wonderful woman with a tremendous vitality and a good marriage is not to dis- tremendous zest for life”, says Rajiv. But her ability to juggle agree too much with your wife”. half a dozen balls in the air, and being supportive of his work But on a serious note he feels is what he appreciates the most. In a nutshell he says, “I knowmarriage is having your partner help you grow and also help I can count on her”. Veena spontaneously answers, “Tremen-your partner to grow. It is an evolution and a process where dous patience I like the most in him along with his personalone should have a compromise approach towards life, work, qualities”. She appreciates his passion for photography andand marriage. Veena Sikri smiles and reveals her secret of his writings on Indian foreign policy “I am dependent on him .perfect marriage, “Friendship and understanding”. Accord- when it comes to modern gadgets and technology”, Veenaing to her, sharing is very important. To that Rajiv quickly adds in the list of her likes.adds, “Not only sharing the responsibility of family and Veena couldn’t think of anything that she doesnt like aboutbringing up children but also sharing interests such as trav- Rajiv whereas Rajiv knew his answer, “She bugs me regardingelling, sports, seeing movies, going out for a meal and of health issues like don’t eat this, don’t eat that. Though she iscourse, sharing common interests”. very organized with her work but disorganized with her fi- On the question of quality time together, Veena says, nances and personal papers which I have to do.” On their ex-“Quality time is very crucial for couples but importantly for perience of being married to an IFS officer, Rajiv explains,children and we made conscious efforts for it. We used to “How the spouse behaves is an element that goes in an assess-share subjects of our children. I would take care of their ment about the diplomat. In that case I didn’t have this prob-Mathematics. Rajiv took care of their subjects like Science, lem because she understood the profession well”. Veena feelsEnglish and History”. Rajiv at his best of humour says, “Will- that it was positive since they shared the same profession.The former Indian Ambassador to Kazakhstan, Rajiv Sikri, is a 1970batch IFS officer. He retired in 2006 as Secretary (East), Ministry ofExternal Affairs, New Delhi. Sikri is also the author of a book, Challengeand Strategy: Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy (Sage: 2009). His wife,Veena Sikri, also joined the distinguished Foreign Service in 1971. Shehas served as India’s High Commissioner to Bangladesh and Malaysia.Bureaucracy Today speaks to the Sikris about their love, marriage andIndia’s foreign policy.60 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  49. in 21st century: Rajiv Sikri “Foreign Service officers have to do a lot of official entertain- Rajiv feels that in difficult times the spouse can only give ing so we had to do it too. In fact it was double for us, because you moral and emotional support, empathy and sympathy . we understood each other’s work we could share and coordi- Veena adds, “When we were posted in different countries, it nate and were able to organise it well.” But everything wasn’t was difficult but we planned our time well together. When I so simple. They had their difficult and tough times too. was posted in Hong Kong and he was the Ambassador in “When I joined the IFS, a woman officer had to be single Kazakhstan, we planned to meet on the silk route and trav- and she couldn’t marry without permission though over elled there together”. time the Government removed this restriction. But my Rajiv and Veena have been married for 40 years and knew major hitch in joining the service was the very question how each other for five years before they got married. They met would the marriage and children be if we were posted in dif- through common friends at a university and then their jour- ferent countries? Will we be posted together?” Expressing ney began together. Rajiv Sikri remembering his old days her concern Veena wrote a letter to then Foreign Secretary says, “Love and romance didnt begin in 21st century”. Their TN Kaul who encouraged her to join the IFS. Veena, remem- love for each other and common passion for India’s foreign bering Kaul’s words, says, “He said I should join the IFS not policy make their journey simply beautiful and worth it. ■ only in my own right but also as the wife of an IFS officer.” parul.goswami@bureaucracytoday.com www.bureaucracytoday.com JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY 61
  50. He ar t t o he a r t Messages from loved ones for bureaucrats who celebrate their birthdays in July Many happy returns of the day Wish . your goals. With love and blessings.Ashok Kumar Sinha you all the very best for future. Wish Meena & VK GuptaIAS (BH:1976) you lot of time for your writings. (Ma & Pa-in-law)Development Commissioner, Happy birthday!Bihar Urban Development Geeta Mathew (Wife)July 1 Sanjay Pratap SinghMany many happy returns of the day . IAS, (UT:1984)My best wishes will always be with Rakhee Gupta Bhandari Ma nag ing D ire cto r , D elh i Kh ad i a ndyou. Have a prosperous life ahead. IAS, (PB:1997) Villa ge In du st rie s Bo ardBimla Sinha (Wife) Pr iva te Se cre ta ry to Min iste r o f St ate July 30 for Rai lways Happy birthday Dad! Thank you for al- July 28 ways being there for us. From all theDr Manoj Kumar Sharma Many many happy returns of the day . family members, we wish you the bestIPS, (MH:2005) May God bless you with all you aspire for the days to come.SP, Nagpur District, Maharashtra now and always. With lots of love. Sidharth, Shantanu, Avantika &July 3 Meena & VK Gupta (Mom & Dad) Aparna (Sons, Daughter & Wife)Happy birthday. May every singlewish of yours come true. May allyour life be filled with loving memo- Nagendra Nath Sinha Dr S Bharathi Dasanries. You have made us all very proud. IAS, (JH:1987) IAS, (CG:2006)Many many happy returns of the day . Pr incipa l Se cret ar y, D eptt . of Pe rs o nn el, Collector, Surajpur, ChhattisgarhManas and Shradha Sharma (Son Ad min istra tive Refor m s & Rajbh as h a July 31and Wife) Vi b h a g , J h a r k ha n d Happy birthday dear Appa! You are a July 29 true blessing to us. And we want to wish Happy birthday! Many many happy re- you a birthday filled with love, laughter,Pratyaya Amrit achievement and the choicest of things turns of the day I pray to God for all .IAS, (BH:1991) you want. I wish you all the health and you enjoy the most. We love you.Secretary and Mission Director, Road Con- happiness forever in life. Raksh, Yishaanth & Menakastruction Department (Public Works), Bihar Nikita Sinha (Wife) (Sons & Wife)July 7On this special day, I send you all mylove and wishes of happiness, today Rajpal Singh Tyagi Compiled by:and always. Thank you for being the IAS, (CG:2001) Aastha R.S. & Parul Goswamibest dad ever. Happy birthday Papa. Collector, Korba, ChhattisgarhApporva Srivastava (Daughter) July 29 I wish you a healthy and happy life. Serve the nation and work for the poor.Niraj Kumar Bansod Always succeed in life. I wish you aIAS, (CG:2008) very promising service and an even bet-Chief Execu tive Officer , Zila Panchayat, ter life. My hearty blessings are alwaysD akshin Bastar, Chhattisgarh with you. Happy birthday!July 16 Kamlesh Tyagi (Wife)Happy birthday! We love you. Wepray to God to shower His blessingsupon you and grant you health and Ridhim Agarwalhappiness forever. Wish you all the Guptabest in life. IPS, (UK:2005)Swara and Kiran Niraj Bansod S. P. (V igila nce ), U ttarak-(Daughter and Wife) hand Police July 29CK Mathew Happy birthday Many . many happy returns of theIAS, (RJ:1977) day May you always fly .Chief Secretary, Government of Rajasthan high in life and achieveJuly 26Send in your birthday greetings to show you care. Bring a smile on the face of your near and dearones. Send your greetings at info@bureaucracytoday.com and we will publish them for you.62 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com
  51. Subscription Savings Now Upto 10% POLICE HEROES l PERFECT COUPLE l INTERVIEW l CREATIVE SPACE INLAND SUBSCRIPTION RATES Number of News stand You FEARLESS JOURNALISM, OUR HABIT, OUR HISTORY! JUNE 2012 Rs 50 issues price PAY only 60 (5 years) Rs. 3000 Rs. 2700* BT-STAR PSU EXCELLENCE AWARDS 2012DL(ND)-11/6143/2010-12 LICENCE NO. U(C)-67/2010-11 TO POST WITHOUT PREPAYMENT AT GPO, POST OFFICE, NEW DELHI, R.N.I. NO. DELENG/2009/30665 36 (3 years) Rs. 1800 Rs. 1620* 24 (2 years) Rs. 1200 Rs. 1080* 12 (1 year) Rs. 600 Rs. 540* Special Offer for a ‘Limited Period’ Please add Rs 20 for cheques not drawn on a Delhi bank and allow 30 days for delivery. YES! Enter my subscription to Bureaucracy Today The magazine(s) should be mailed to: Name: and the Award www.bureaucracytoday.com Address: *Special Discount for Students ASK FOR IT! Goes to... City: Pin: State: STAY Country: Email: Job Title: AHEAD! Department: Company/Ministry: My cheque/DD No.: Dated:SUBSCRIBE TO for Rs. Drawn on in favour of Aaliya Productions (Pvt.) Ltd. is enclosed.BUREAUCRACY Subscriber’s Mobile: Signature: Subscriber’s Tel: Date: TODAY Mail the coupon to: BUREAUCRACY TODAY c/o AALIYA PRODUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED 2, Big City House Opposite CSOI (Civil Services Officers Institute) Masjid, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi-110001 INDIA MAGAZINE Tel.: 011 - 2307 3004, 2307 3042 Telefax: 011-23074386 E-mail: sales@bureaucracytoday.com To pay through credit/debit card log on to: ww w. b u re a u c ra c y t o d a y. c o m
  52. As trol og yBureaucrats inJULY 2012 ANIL KUMAR JAINARIES: Bureaucrats may find this month most difficult charged with serious irregularities in your profession.from the professional point of view. You may not be in a po- However, you may get providential help during the secondsition to achieve set targets and will get support from au- half of the month and may gradually get respite from men-thorities. Expenses will threaten to go through the roof. A tal tension. Planets also indicate a financial loss by theft.deal of immovable property should not be finalized in July . The bad health of your spouse may be a cause of concern.You are likely to suffer from backache. There may be dishar- You should not enter into any deal of immovable property .mony on the domestic front too. However, moderate finan- SCORPIO: This may be a memorable month for bureau-cial gains are expected in speculation. crats from the professional point of view. Many pleasant sur-TAURUS: This will be a memorable month for bureaucrats prises in office will make you happy and vibrant. You mayfrom the professional point of view. Most of your expecta- supersede your seniors and get an important assignmenttions will be met and you will surge ahead with confidence which will enhance your career prospects. Financial gainsand optimism. Unbelievable financial gains are indicated will be unbelievable. Huge gains are indicated in a deal ofin your profession. A raise in your official status is almost immovable property You may also move higher on the spir- .assured. You will remain vibrant and health will remain itual plane. Huge financial gains are indicated in speculation.normal. The success of your child in a competitive exami- SAGITTARIUS: Bureaucrats may find the road aheadnation will be a source of pleasure for the family. jerky which will be difficult to negotiate. You have to beGEMINI: No new developments are indicated during this extremely careful while signing important documents.month for bureaucrats. Vibrancy will be missing and no However, support from a colleague of the opposite sex willrespite is expected from mental agony You should not enter . be helpful in mitigating the problem. You may be requiredinto unnecessary arguments with your bosses. Unproduc- to put in extra effort. There may be disharmony on the do-tive expenses may lead to financial imbalance. The verdict mestic front. If you are planning to shift your residentialin a dispute of immovable property may be in your favour. accommodation, it should be postponed. Losses are indi-Bureaucrats suffering from high blood pressure need to be cated in speculation.under medical supervision. CAPRICORN: July will be an excellent month from theCANCER: July is an excellent month from the professional professional point of view. You may be in a position to givepoint of view. Your expectations may be met and you are physical dimensions to most of your plans. A raise in offi-likely to get a transfer or a posting of your choice. You will cial status or a posting to a desired place is assured. Offi-remain happy and vibrant and will get full support of au- cially you may be part of a delegation visiting abroad. Thethorities. Financial gains will be unbelievable. This is the success of your child in a competitive examination will beright time to finalize a deal of immovable property Roman- . a source of pleasure for the family The bad health of your .tic ties may lead to permanent bond. A windfall is on the father or an elderly member in the family may be a cause ofcards in speculation this month. concern. A windfall may be on the cards in speculation.LEO: Bureaucrats may get life-time opportunities this AQUARIUS: Many pleasant surprises are in store for sen-month and may be in a position to grab those. Most of your ior bureaucrats in their profession. Old pending issues maywishes will get fulfilled and smile will be maintained on get resolved and you may get necessary respite from mentalyour face throughout the month. You are likely to invest in tension. You may get the support of your bosses. You willmovable property Your health will remain normal an there . be in a position to score perfect ten and most of your wisheswill be total harmony on the domestic front. You may also will get fulfilled. Huge gains are indicated in a deal of im-plan a foreign visit with your family Most of your time will . movable property .be spent in partying and socializing. PISCES: This will be a reasonably good month from theVIRGO: Your fortune will be at zenith and you are likely professional point of view. You will march ahead with con-to be gifted with a surprise offer in your profession. This fidence and optimism. You will also be in a position towill be in appreciation of your efforts. A raise in official sta- achieve set targets. Your efforts will get recognition and ap-tus with a place and posting of your choice is assured. Your preciation. New opportunities are indicated during thehealth will remain normal. You are also likely to be shifted third week of the month. However the unusual behaviourto better residential accommodation. Planets indicate a long of your spouse may be a cause of concern. A long pleasantpleasant journey with your family Huge financial gains are . journey will be a source of pleasure.indicated in speculation. Want to know more about your horoscope?LIBRA: You may find the first fortnight of July disastrous Astrologer Anil Kumar Jain may be contacted at:from the professional point of view. You are likely to be anil.jain@bureaucracytoday.com64 JULY 2012 ◆ BUREAUCRACY TODAY www.bureaucracytoday.com

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