Ibm tivoli storage tape drive

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Ibm tivoli storage tape drive

  1. 1. Front coverImplementing IBMTape in UNIX SystemsHow to set up tape drives and librariesin multiple UNIX environmentsNew: Ultrium3 and WORM featuresIntegration with popularbackup products Charlotte Brooks Alv Jon Hovda Reena Master Abbe Woodcockibm.com/redbooks
  2. 2. International Technical Support OrganizationImplementing IBM Tape in UNIX SystemsOctober 2005 SG24-6502-03
  3. 3. Note: Before using this information and the product it supports, read the information in “Notices” on page xiii.Fourth Edition (October 2005)This edition applies to IBM TotalStorage 3580 Tape Drive, IBM TotalStorage 3581 Tape Autoloader, IBMTotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader, IBM TotalStorage 3582 Tape Library, IBM TotalStorage 3583 TapeLibrary, IBM TotalStorage 3584 Tape Library, and IBM TotalStorage 3592 Tape Drive.© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. All rights reserved.Note to U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights -- Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP ScheduleContract with IBM Corp.
  4. 4. Contents Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv The team that wrote this redbook. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv Become a published author . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvi Comments welcome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii Summary of changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix October 2005, Fourth Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix July 2004, Third Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xixPart 1. Setting up IBM tape in UNIX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Chapter 1. Introduction to LTO Ultrium with UNIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1 LTO overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1.1 IBM TotalStorage LTO Ultrium models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.1.2 IBM TotalStorage 3580 Tape Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.1.3 IBM TotalStorage 3581 Tape Autoloader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1.1.4 IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1.1.5 IBM TotalStorage 3582 Tape Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.1.6 IBM TotalStorage 3583 Tape Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.1.7 IBM TotalStorage 3584 Tape Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 1.2 Hardware and operating system platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 1.2.1 Hardware server platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 1.2.2 ISV storage management software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 1.3 Connectivity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 1.3.1 SCSI direct attach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 1.3.2 SAN attach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 1.3.3 Determining the number of drives on a SCSI bus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 1.4 Host Bus Adapters and device drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 1.5 LVD versus HVD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 1.5.1 What are LVD and HVD? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 1.5.2 Why is this important?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 1.6 SCSI HD68 and VHDCI cable connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Chapter 2. IBM LTO Tape Library sharing and partitioning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2.1 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2.1.1 Library sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2.1.2 Homogenous drive sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.1.3 What should I use? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2.2 Partitioning multi-path tape libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 2.2.1 Partitioning the IBM 3582 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 2.2.2 Partitioning the IBM 3583 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 2.2.3 Partitioning the IBM 3584 (ALMS not enabled). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 2.2.4 Partitioning the IBM 3584 using the wizard (ALMS not enabled) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 2.2.5 Partitioning the IBM 3584 with the operator panel (ALMS not enabled) . . . . . . . . 52© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. All rights reserved. iii
  5. 5. 2.3 ALMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 2.3.1 Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 2.3.2 Configuring ALMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 2.3.3 Using ALMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Chapter 3. SAN considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 3.1 SAN design considerations for IBM tape libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 3.1.1 Bandwidth needed for FC tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 3.1.2 Multiple paths to tape drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 3.1.3 Tape and disk on the same HBA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 3.1.4 Different SAN fabrics for disk and tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 3.2 Zoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 3.2.1 Some basic information on zoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 3.2.2 Types of zoning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 3.2.3 Suggestion on zoning for tapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 3.2.4 World Wide Names of FC Host Bus Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 3.3 Persistent binding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 3.3.1 The need for persistent binding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 3.3.2 Persistent binding with QLogic HBA on Solaris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 3.3.3 Persistent binding with Emulex HBA on Solaris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 3.3.4 Persistent binding not applicable to AIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 3.4 Connection type of IBM tapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Chapter 4. Basic IBM tape setup for UNIX systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 4.1 Installing library and device drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 4.2 Installing IBM tape device driver for AIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 4.2.1 Atape driver installation using the command line interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 4.2.2 Installation using SMIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 4.2.3 Configuring tape and medium changer devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 4.2.4 Verifying the Atape driver installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 4.2.5 Configuring the IBM tape device parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 4.2.6 Setting up control path failover for AIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 4.2.7 Data path failover for LTO 2 and 3 FC and 3592 drives on AIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 4.2.8 Deleting tape devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 4.2.9 Removing Atape driver from the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 4.3 Installing IBM tape device driver for Solaris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 4.3.1 IBMtape driver installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 4.3.2 Configuring tape and medium changer devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 4.3.3 Verifying the IBMtape driver installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 4.3.4 Deleting tape devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 4.3.5 Removing IBMtape driver from the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 4.3.6 Setting up control path failover on Solaris. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 4.3.7 Setting up data path failover on Solaris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 4.4 Installing IBM tape device driver for HP-UX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 4.4.1 Atdd driver installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 4.4.2 Verifying the atdd driver installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 4.4.3 Setting up control path failover on HP-UX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 4.4.4 Configuring tape devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 4.5 Testing the library with tapeutil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 4.6 Creating a library device table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 4.7 Fibre Channel HBA driver installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 4.8 IBM pSeries or RS/6000 FC HBA installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 4.8.1 IBM HBA microcode installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155iv Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  6. 6. 4.8.2 HBA configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 4.9 Solaris Fibre Channel HBA driver installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 4.9.1 QLogic QLA2310 HBA driver installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 4.9.2 QLogic QLA2310 HBA driver configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 4.9.3 QLogic HBA FCode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 4.9.4 Emulex LP8000 HBA driver installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 4.9.5 Emulex LP8000 HBA driver configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 4.9.6 Emulex HBA firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 4.9.7 JNI driver configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 4.10 IBM Tape Library Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 4.10.1 IBM 3581 2U Tape Library Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 4.10.2 IBM 3582 Tape Library Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 4.10.3 IBM 3583 Tape Library Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 4.10.4 IBM 3584 Tape Library Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 4.11 Updating library, drive, and RMU firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 4.11.1 Using My Support to stay up-to-date with your drivers and firmware . . . . . . . . 183 4.11.2 Check the installed firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 4.11.3 Upgrading drive firmware using the IBM Tape Library Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . 188 4.11.4 Upgrading the drive firmware using LTO-TDX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189Part 2. LTO libraries and backup software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 Chapter 5. Implementing IBM Tivoli Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 5.1 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 5.1.1 Tivoli Storage Manager commonly used terms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 5.1.2 Tivoli Storage Manager and tape library sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 5.2 Non-shared tape device with Tivoli Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 5.2.1 Installing Tivoli Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 5.2.2 Configure non-shared tape library and drives for AIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 5.2.3 Configure non-shared tape library and drives for Solaris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 5.2.4 Configure non-shared tape library and drives for HP-UX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 5.2.5 Define device class and storage pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 5.2.6 Inserting data and cleaning cartridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 5.2.7 Performance hints for Tivoli Storage Manager with LTO or 3592 . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 5.3 LTO WORM (Write Once Read Many) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 5.4 Various 3592 media types and Tivoli Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221 5.5 Sharing LTO libraries with Tivoli Storage Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 5.5.1 Configuring the Library Manager to share libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 5.5.2 Configuring the library client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 5.5.3 Define library and drives for library client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 5.5.4 Administering shared libraries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 5.6 LAN-free backup with Tivoli Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 5.6.1 LAN-free configuration setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 5.6.2 Define path considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 5.7 NDMP backup with Tivoli Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 5.7.1 Network Attached Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 5.7.2 Overview of Tivoli Storage Manager NDMP backup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230 5.7.3 Tivoli Storage Manager NDMP backup configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230 5.8 Tivoli Storage Manager and redundant library control paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 5.9 Tivoli Storage Manager and data path failover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 5.10 Tape alert support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235 5.11 Device migration and co-existence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 5.11.1 Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 Contents v
  7. 7. 5.12 Tivoli Storage Manager V5.2 SAN device mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244 5.12.1 SAN device mapping functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244 Chapter 6. Implementing EMC Legato NetWorker with LTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 6.1 EMC Legato NetWorker overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 6.1.1 NetWorker and IBM LTO interoperability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 6.2 NetWorker installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249 6.2.1 Installation in an AIX environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249 6.2.2 Installation in a Solaris environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251 6.2.3 Installation in an HP-UX environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255 6.3 NetWorker implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258 6.3.1 3583 autochanger configuration on NetWorker 6.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258 6.3.2 IBM 3584 autochanger configuration on NetWorker 7.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262 6.4 Installation verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270 6.4.1 Inventorying and labeling volumes with barcodes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 6.5 Adding a new LTO device to NetWorker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274 6.6 NetWorker exploitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 6.6.1 Dynamic drive sharing (DDS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 6.6.2 Sharing autochangers between NetWorker hosts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276 6.6.3 Auto media management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277Part 3. Appendixes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279 Appendix A. IBM SAN Data Gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281 Connecting tape drives to a SDG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282 WWN of SDG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282 Get WWN of the SDG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282 SAN Data Gateway setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283 SAN Data Gateway basic setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284 Install and use the IBM SDG Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 SDG LUN mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 Access control by channel zoning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296 Access control by Virtual Private SAN (VPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296 Appendix B. SNMP setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299 Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 Configuring SNMP for the IBM 3582 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301 Configuring SNMP for the IBM 3583 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302 Configuring SNMP for the IBM 3584 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304 Enable SNMP traps using the Operator panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 Enable SNMP Traps using Tape Library Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307 Enabling or disabling SNMP requests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311 Appendix C. LTO tips and troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317 Guidelines for booting SAN Data Gateway and FC hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 AIX commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321 SUN Solaris commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321 Tivoli Storage Manager tape and tape library commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322 EMC Legato NetWorker autochanger maintenance commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322 Verifying proper device attachment with tapeutil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323 AIX tape and medium changer device attachment test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323 Solaris and HP tape and medium changer device attachment test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324 Using tapeutil element inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325vi Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  8. 8. Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326 Collect real-time failure information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327 Hints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330Abbreviations and acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331Related publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333IBM Redbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333Other publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333Online resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334How to get IBM Redbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335Help from IBM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337 Contents vii
  9. 9. viii Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  10. 10. Figures 1-1 LTO Ultrium road map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1-2 Ultrium generation media compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1-3 The LTO Ultrium product family . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1-4 IBM TotalStorage 3580 Tape Drive L1x, H1X, L23 and H23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1-5 IBM TotalStorage 3580 Tape Drive L33/L3H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1-6 IBM TotalStorage 3581 Tape Autoloader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1-7 IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1-8 IBM TotalStorage 3582 Tape Library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1-9 IBM TotalStorage 3583 Tape Library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1-10 IBM TotalStorage 3584 Tape Library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 1-11 Example of a 16-frame 3584 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 1-12 Storage Products microcode Web site. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 1-13 Device data flow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 1-14 SCSI connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 2-1 IBM 3494 tape library sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 2-2 IBM multipath architecture and logical partitioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2-3 Tivoli Storage Manager library sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2-4 LAN-free backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2-5 Library sharing done by TSM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2-6 IBM 3582 partitioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 2-7 IBM 3583 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 2-8 IBM 3583 Tape Library Specialist Operator panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 2-9 IBM 3583 setting up partitioning 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 2-10 IBM 3583 Setting up partitioning 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 2-11 IBM 3583 setting up partitioning 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 2-12 IBM 3583 setting up partitioning 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 2-13 IBM 3584 partitioning example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 2-14 IBM 3584 Specialist main screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 2-15 IBM 3854 Tape Library Specialist Logical Libraries entry panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 2-16 IBM 3854 Tape Library Specialist configuration wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 2-17 Current physical configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 2-18 IBM 3584 Tape Library Specialist Logical Libraries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 2-19 IBM 3854 Tape Library Specialist drives and slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 2-20 Rename logical library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 2-21 IBM 3584 operator panel: Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 2-22 IBM 3584 operator panel: Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 2-23 IBM 3584 Configuration display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 2-24 IBM 3584 operator panel: Set Logical Libraries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 2-25 IBM 3584 operator panel: Set Storage Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 2-26 IBM 3584 operator panel: Set Drives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 2-27 IBM 3584 operator panel: Configuration Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 2-28 IBM 3584 with ALMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 2-29 Welcome screen before enabling ALMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 2-30 Enable ALMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 2-31 Create Logical Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 2-32 Create Logical Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 2-33 Added new Logical Library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 2-34 Cartridge assignment policy main screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. All rights reserved. ix
  11. 11. 2-35 Cartridge Assignment Policy assignments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 2-36 assign Data Cartridge menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 2-37 Assign cartridge to a logical library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 2-38 Cartridge list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 2-39 Drive Assignment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 2-40 Drive with control path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 2-41 Drive details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 2-42 Display drive element number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 2-43 Drive gap warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 2-44 Change maximum number of cartridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 2-45 Logical Library details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 2-46 Detailed information before ALMS is enabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 2-47 Detailed Information after ALMS enabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 2-48 Inventory before move medium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 2-49 Inventory after moving cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 3-1 SAN Bandwidth for tape. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 3-2 Switch Management window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 3-3 Port performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 3-4 Our lab configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 3-5 Tape and disk on the same HBA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 3-6 SAN example for backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 3-7 Zoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 3-8 Zone to restrict the tapes to one HBA only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 3-9 3584 with 8 FC LTO drives, one server with two HBA and two zones. . . . . . . . . . . . 84 3-10 Lab configuration with Sun server and 3584 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 3-11 Lab configuration with one 3583 and one 3570 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 3-12 One Drive is missing during boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 3-13 Binding with QLogic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 3-14 Binding with Emulex. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 3-15 N-Port login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 4-1 IBM 3582: Enable control paths. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 4-2 IBM 3583: Enable control path. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 4-3 IBM 3584: Enabling additional control paths without ALMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 4-4 IBM 3584: Enabling additional control paths with ALMS enabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 4-5 High availability control path configuration on an IBM 3584 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 4-6 Datapath failover with LTO 2 FC drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 4-7 Database failover with IBM 3592 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 4-8 Dynamic load balancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 4-9 Tapeutil main menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 4-10 Net Parameter command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 4-11 IBM 3581 Tape Library Login screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 4-12 Maintenance screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 4-13 Firmware update screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 4-14 3582 operator panel: Configuring RMU IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 4-15 3582 Specialist welcome screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 4-16 IBM 3582 Specialist: Configuration panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 4-17 3582 Specialist: Diagnostics file panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 4-18 IBM 3582 Specialist: Operator panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 4-19 IBM 583 operator panel: Configuring RMU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 4-20 IBM 3583 Specialist: Welcome panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 4-21 IBM 3583 Specialist: Configuration panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 4-22 IBM 3583 Specialist: Diagnostics file panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 4-23 IBM 3583 Specialist: Operator panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175x Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  12. 12. 4-24 Change Ethernet parameters on IBM 3584 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1754-25 IBM 3854 Specialist: Welcome page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1764-26 IBM 3584 Specialist: Physical Library drive panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1774-27 IBM 3584 Specialist: Cartridges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1784-28 IBM 3584 Specialist - Drive summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1794-29 IBM 3584 Specialist: ID change warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1794-30 IBM 3584 Specialist: Drive Assignment Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1804-31 IBM 3584 Specialist: Drive assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1814-32 IBM 3584 Specialist: Assignment change warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1814-33 Change Password screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1824-34 IBM 3584 Specialist: Check drive firmware version. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1854-35 Tapeutil inquiry on tape drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1874-36 Tape Library Specialist: Updating RMU firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1884-37 LTO-TDX selection screen 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1904-38 LTO-TDX selection screen 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1914-39 LTO-TDX Selection screen 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1914-40 LTO-TDX selection screen 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1924-41 LTO-TDX selection screen 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1925-1 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager supported platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985-2 Tivoli Storage Manager library sharing overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2005-3 Tivoli Storage Manager LAN-free data transfer overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2015-4 How each of the SCALECAPACITY parameter initializes 3592 JA cartridges . . . . 2215-5 LAN-free backup lab example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2275-6 Library connected to NAS system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2315-7 Library on Tivoli Storage Manager server; drives on NAS system . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2315-8 How version control works for NDMP backups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2325-9 IBM 3584 with multiple control paths enabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2335-10 3592 drive with multiple data paths configured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2355-11 Migration scenario 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2415-12 Migrating to LTO as sequential primary copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2435-13 Migrating to LTO through disk primary copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2446-1 Specify source window of the software installation GUI interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2566-2 Select NetWorker package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2566-3 Subproducts selection window of the software install dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2576-4 Install window after the successful package installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2576-5 Library view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2696-6 Device view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2706-7 NetWorker administration GUI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2716-8 Jukeboxes window for the LTO tape library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2726-9 Jukebox labeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2736-10 Inventorying the library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2736-11 Configuring a new tape device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2746-12 NetWorker Dynamic Drive Sharing (DDS) example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2766-13 How NetWorker autochanger sharing works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277A-1 Example of a connection with SDG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282A-2 WWN of the SDG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283A-3 Connected to the SDG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284A-4 Install of the SDG StorWatch Specialist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288A-5 SDG StorWatch connect to server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289A-6 SDG StorWatch logon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289A-7 Connect to SDG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289A-8 Install firmware on the SDG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290A-9 Select the SCSI option. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291 Figures xi
  13. 13. A-10 SCSI Channel parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291 A-11 Select the Fibre Channel options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292 A-12 Fibre Channel parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 A-13 Basic SCSI connection to a system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 A-14 SDG attached through Fibre Channel: Host view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294 A-15 Select Device Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 A-16 Device mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 A-17 Select channel zoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296 A-18 Channel zoning settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296 B-1 IBM 3582 Tape Library Specialist: SNMP MIB download . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301 B-2 IBM 3582 Tape Library Specialist: configuring SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302 B-3 IBM 3583 Tape Library Specialist: SNMP MIB download . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303 B-4 IBM 3583 Tape Library Specialist: Configuring SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303 B-5 Tivoli NetView SNMP monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304 B-6 IBM 3584 operator panel: Enable/disable SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 B-7 IBM 3584 operator panel: V1/V2 Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 B-8 IBM 3584 operator panel: Destination IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 B-9 IBM 3584 operator panel: Set destination IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 B-10 IBM 3584 operator panel: Set community name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 B-11 IBM 3584 Tape Library Specialist: Enabling SNMP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307 B-12 IBM 3584 Tape Library Specialist: SNMP destinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308 B-13 Tivoli NetView: Create new Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309 B-14 NetView: Create new object. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309 B-15 NetView - Browse network segment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310 B-16 NetView - SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310 B-17 NetView - Detailed description of 3584 SNMP Trap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311 B-18 Enable SNMP Request with IBM 3584 Specialist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312 B-19 SNMP Request: Drive status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313 B-20 SNMP Request: Number of all physical cartridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314 B-21 SNMP Request: List of all physical media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315 C-1 IBM Specialist 3582 download logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327 C-2 IBM Specialist Download 3584 logs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328xii Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  14. 14. NoticesThis information was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A.IBM may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in other countries. Consultyour local IBM representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. Anyreference to an IBM product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that IBM product,program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product, program, or service that does notinfringe any IBM intellectual property right may be used instead. However, it is the users responsibility toevaluate and verify the operation of any non-IBM product, program, or service.IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document. Thefurnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, inwriting, to:IBM Director of Licensing, IBM Corporation, North Castle Drive Armonk, NY 10504-1785 U.S.A.The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions areinconsistent with local law: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THISPUBLICATION "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT,MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer ofexpress or implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to you.This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically madeto the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may makeimprovements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any timewithout notice.Any references in this information to non-IBM Web sites are provided for convenience only and do not in anymanner serve as an endorsement of those Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of thematerials for this IBM product and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.IBM may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurringany obligation to you.Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of those products, their publishedannouncements or other publicly available sources. IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirm theaccuracy of performance, compatibility or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on thecapabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products.This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. To illustrate themas completely as possible, the examples include the names of individuals, companies, brands, and products.All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual businessenterprise is entirely coincidental.COPYRIGHT LICENSE:This information contains sample application programs in source language, which illustrates programmingtechniques on various operating platforms. You may copy, modify, and distribute these sample programs inany form without payment to IBM, for the purposes of developing, using, marketing or distributing applicationprograms conforming to the application programming interface for the operating platform for which the sampleprograms are written. These examples have not been thoroughly tested under all conditions. IBM, therefore,cannot guarantee or imply reliability, serviceability, or function of these programs. You may copy, modify, anddistribute these sample programs in any form without payment to IBM for the purposes of developing, using,marketing, or distributing application programs conforming to IBMs application programming interfaces.© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. All rights reserved. xiii
  15. 15. TrademarksThe following terms are trademarks of the International Business Machines Corporation in the United States,other countries, or both: Eserver® AIX 5L™ OS/390® Eserver® AIX® OS/400® Redbooks (logo) ™ AS/400® Redbooks™ iSeries™ ESCON® RS/6000® pSeries® FICON® SANergy® xSeries® IBM® Tivoli® z/OS® Netfinity® TotalStorage® zSeries® NetView®The following terms are trademarks of other companies:Java, Solaris, StorageTek, Sun, Sun Fire, Sun Microsystems, Ultra, and all Java-based trademarks aretrademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both.Microsoft, Windows NT, Windows, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in theUnited States, other countries, or both.Intel, Itanium, Intel logo, Intel Inside logo, and Intel Centrino logo are trademarks or registered trademarks ofIntel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States, other countries, or both.UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both.Other company, product, and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.xiv Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  16. 16. Preface This IBM® Redbook follows The IBM TotalStorage Tape Libraries Guide for Open Systems, SG24-5946, and will help you plan, install, and configure IBM Ultrium LTO tape drives and libraries, as well as the IBM 3592 tape drive in UNIX® environments. This book focuses on the setup and customization of these drives and libraries in both direct-attached SCSI and SAN configurations for the AIX®, Solaris™, and HP-UX operating systems. The first part of the book describes how to attach and configure the drives and libraries, and covers basic installation and administration. It also describes the sharing and partitioning of libraries, and explains the concept and usage of the Advanced Library Management System (ALMS) and virtual I/O with the IBM TotalStorage 3584 Tape Library. Part two documents how to use these products with popular data backup applications such as IBM Tivoli® Storage Manager and EMC Legato NetWorker. This redbook will help IBM personnel, Business Partners, and customers to better understand and implement the IBM Ultrium LTO product line as well as the 3592 Enterprise tape drive in UNIX environments. We assume that the reader is familiar with tape drives and libraries, and understands basic SAN concepts and technologies.The team that wrote this redbook This redbook was produced by a team of specialists from around the world working at the International Technical Support Organization, San Jose Center. Charlotte Brooks is a Certified IT Specialist and Project Leader for IBM TotalStorage® solutions at the International Technical Support Organization, San Jose Center. She has 15 years of experience with IBM in the fields of IBM TotalStorage hardware and software and IBM eserver servers. She has written 12 Redbooks™, and has developed and taught IBM classes in all areas of storage and storage management. Before joining the ITSO in 2000, she was the Technical Support Manager for Tivoli Storage Manager in the Asia Pacific Region. Alv Jon Hovda is a Senior IT Specialist with IBM Global Services in Norway. He has 35 years of experience with IBM, the last 9 years working with Tivoli Storage Manager. He holds a Masters degree in Engineering Physics. He is Tivoli Storage Manager certified, and his areas of expertise include Tivoli Storage Manager and AIX. He has the author of two previous redbooks on Tivoli Storage Manager and IBM tape. Reena Master is a Field Technical Support Specialist in Atlanta, Georgia, supporting the storage sales team in the Southeast for the past four years. She has extensive experience in both high-end mainframe and open systems tape. Her daily support activities include pre and post sales support, including developing and presenting technical solutions and proposals and positioning IBM capabilities versus competitive offerings. She holds a Bachelors degree in Civil Engineering and a Masters degree in Industrial Engineering. Abbe Woodcock is a Consulting IT Specialist with the Advanced Technical Support (ATS) tape team in the Americas. She joined IBM in 1974 as a Program Support Representative for DOS/VS systems, then moved to a CICS/VS Level 2 Support position. After positions in SPD© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. All rights reserved. xv
  17. 17. Development and Field Engineering Service Planning, she was a Large Systems System Engineer. She became a Certified IT Architect while working in IGS. Since joining the ATS, she has supported zOS tape products and now supports LTO tape products. The team: Alv Jon, Charlotte, Abbe, and Reena Thanks to the following people for their contributions to this project: The authors of the previous editions of this book: Anthony Abete, Marco Ceresoli, Bertrand Dufrasne, Carsten Krax, Tony Rynan, Takashi Makino, Josef Weingand, and Erwin Zwemmer. Alison Chandler, Emma Jacobs International Technical Support Organization Jennifer Bappert, Bill Baxter, Janet Bolton, Craig Bell, Kevin Cummings, Tommy De Jesus, Brett Dennis, Glen Jaquette, Lee Jesionowski, Jeffrey Li, Khanh Ngo, Anh Nguyen, Diem Nguyen, Steve Nunn, Debra Parker, Carla Ruhl, Ann Sargent, James Thompson, Dan Watanabe IBM tape development and marketing, TucsonBecome a published author Join us for a two- to six-week residency program! Help write an IBM Redbook dealing with specific products or solutions, while getting hands-on experience with leading-edge technologies. Youll team with IBM technical professionals, Business Partners and/or customers. Your efforts will help increase product acceptance and customer satisfaction. As a bonus, youll develop a network of contacts in IBM development labs, and increase your productivity and marketability.xvi Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  18. 18. Find out more about the residency program, browse the residency index, and apply online at: ibm.com/redbooks/residencies.htmlComments welcome Your comments are important to us! We want our Redbooks to be as helpful as possible. Send us your comments about this or other Redbooks in one of the following ways: Use the online Contact us review redbook form found at: ibm.com/redbooks Send your comments in an Internet note to: redbook@us.ibm.com Mail your comments to: IBM Corporation, International Technical Support Organization Dept. QXXE Building 80-E2 650 Harry Road San Jose, California 95120-6099 Preface xvii
  19. 19. xviii Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  20. 20. Summary of changes This section describes the technical changes made in this edition of the book and in previous editions. This edition may also include minor corrections and editorial changes that are not identified. Summary of Changes for SG24-6502-03 for Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems as created or updated on October 18, 2005.October 2005, Fourth Edition This revision reflects the addition, deletion, or modification of new and changed information described below. New information WORM media for Ultrium 3 drives Ultrium 3 drives and libraries Virtual I/O for IBM TotalStorage 3584 Tape LibraryJuly 2004, Third Edition This revision reflects the addition, deletion, or modification of new and changed information described below. New information New models, IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader L28 and F28 New frames and features for the IBM TotalStorage 3584 Tape Library, including support for IBM TotalStorage 3592 Tape Drive with WORM media Setup and implementation information for the IBM TotalStorage 3592 Tape Drive Advanced Library Management System (ALMS) for the IBM 3584© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. All rights reserved. xix
  21. 21. xx Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  22. 22. Part 1Part 1 Setting up IBM tape in UNIX In this part we introduce the IBM TotalStorage tape products (LTO Ultrium and 3592 Enterprise Tape Drive) and describe how to set them up in various UNIX environments. Both native SCSI and SAN (Fibre Channel) attachments are presented. We also show how to use the administration tools such as the IBM TotalStorage Tape Library Specialist.© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. All rights reserved. 1
  23. 23. 2 Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  24. 24. 1 Chapter 1. Introduction to LTO Ultrium with UNIX This chapter provides an overview of the Linear Tape-Open (LTO) initiative and the corresponding IBM TotalStorage LTO Ultrium product line, including the IBM TotalStorage 3592 Tape Drive. In addition, this chapter presents the following topics: Server and OS platforms explained Storage Management software Connectivity – Direct SCSI attach – SCSI bus performance HBAs and drivers discussion LVD versus HVD discussion HD68 versus VHDCI discussion© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. All rights reserved. 3
  25. 25. 1.1 LTO overview The Linear Tape-Open (LTO) program began as a joint initiative of Hewlett-Packard, IBM, and Seagate Technology. In 1997, the three companies set out to enable the development of best-of-breed tape storage products by consolidating state-of-the-art technologies from numerous sources. The three companies also took steps to protect customer investment by providing a four generation roadmap and establishing an infrastructure to enable compatibility between competitive products. The LTO technology objective was to establish new open-format specifications for high capacity, high performance tape storage products for use in the midrange and network server computing environments, and to enable superior tape product options. The current technology provider companies are IBM, HP, and Certance LLC (owned by Quantum), but LTO program cooperation goes beyond these three companies. LTO format specifications have been made available to all who want to participate through standard licensing provisions. LTO program technology has already attracted a number of other industry leaders, so LTO-specified products (tape drives and tape storage cartridges) will reach the market from multiple manufacturers, not just the technology provider companies. This is critical to meeting an open market objective, and is accomplished through open licensing of the technology. Cooperation is also evident in the LTO program requirement that all products produced by licensees be technically certified annually. The primary objective of this certification is to help determine whether LTO format cartridges will be exchangeable across drives produced by different Ultrium manufacturers. Simply stated, this means “LTO-compliant media from any vendor can be read and written in LTO-compliant drives from any vendor.” All three consortium members (IBM, HP, and Certance) are now shipping LTO Ultrium products, and numerous other licensees are shipping hardware and media. The Linear Tape-Open organization homepage is: http://www.lto.org For more information on LTO technology, see The IBM TotalStorage Tape Libraries Guide for Open Systems, SG24-5946. The IBM LTO homepage is: http://www.ibm.com/storage/lto The LTO Ultrium road map (Figure 1-1) shows the evolution of LTO technology. At the time of writing, IBM Ultrium generation 2 and 3 products are offered; however, there are many existing installations of now-withdrawn Ultrium 1 products, so they are included for your reference. The information in the road map is given as an indication of future developments by the three consortium members, and is subject to change. Important: Hewlett-Packard, IBM, and Certance reserve the right to change the information in this migration path without notice.4 Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  26. 26. LTO Ultrium Road Map Generation Generation Generation Generation Generation Generation 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capacity 100GB 200GB 400GB 800GB 1.6 TB 3.2 TB (Native) Transfer Up to Up to Up to Up to Up to Up to Rate 20MB/s 40MB/s 80MB/s 120MB/s 180MB/s 270MB/s (Native) WORM No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Figure 1-1 LTO Ultrium road map1.1.1 IBM TotalStorage LTO Ultrium models The IBM TotalStorage LTO Ultrium family consists of: IBM TotalStorage 3580 Tape Drive IBM TotalStorage 3581 Tape Autoloader IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader IBM TotalStorage 3582 Tape Library IBM TotalStorage 3583 Tape Library IBM TotalStorage 3584 Tape Library These are shown in Figure 1-3. Some existing models have three drive options: Ultrium 1, Ultrium 2, and Ultrium 3. More recent models are available with Ultrium 2 and Ultrium 3 drives only. IBM Ultrium 1 drives were withdrawn from marketing in October 2004. Ultrium 1 was the first generation of the LTO Ultrium technology. It has a tape capacity of 100 GB per cartridge in a native format, and capacity of 200 GB using 2:1 compression. Ultrium 2 is the second generation of the LTO Ultrium technology, with a tape capacity of 200 GB per cartridge in native format, and capacity of 400 GB using 2:1 compression. Ultrium 3 is the third generation of the LTO Ultrium technology, with a tape capacity of 400 GB per cartridge in native format, and capacity of 800 GB using 2:1 compression. A WORM (write-once, read-many) version of the Ultrium 3 cartridge is also available. Media compatibility Figure 1-2 depicts the media compatibility characteristics for the three generations of Ultrium tape. Chapter 1. Introduction to LTO Ultrium with UNIX 5
  27. 27. IBM Ultrium 1, 2, 3, and 3 WORM Compatibility Ultrium 1 IBM Ultrium 1 Up to 15 MB/s, 100 GB* Cartridge Tape Drive 20 Read/write M B/s xxxxxxL1 Ultrium 1 format ,100 up G to 2 B* Ultrium 2 Up to 35 MB/s, 200 IBM Ultrium 2 0M Cartridge GB* Tape Drive B/s Up 100, to xxxxxxL2 Read/write Ultrium 2 Logo 35 GB Ultrium 2 format MB * IBM Ultrium 3 /s, Read Ultrium 20 1 format Tape Drive in 0G B* Ultrium 3 3580, 3581, Cartridge Up to 80 MB/s, 400 GB* 3582, 3583, 3584 xxxxxxL3 Ultrium 3 Logo -OR- Ultrium 3 WORM Cartridge Silver-grey bottom xxxxxxLT * Native sustained data rate, native physical capacity Figure 1-2 Ultrium generation media compatibility Ultrium 1 The Ultrium 1 Tape Drive is not compatible with (cannot read or write) the cartridges of its successors, the Ultrium 2 and Ultrium 3 Tape Drives. Cartridge compatibility for the Ultrium 1 Tape Drive is as follows: Reads and writes Ultrium 1 format on Ultrium 1 cartridges Ultrium 2 The Ultrium 2 Tape Drive is compatible with the cartridges of its predecessor, the Ultrium 1 Tape Drive. Cartridge compatibility for the Ultrium 2 Tape Drive is as follows: Reads and writes Ultrium 2 format on Ultrium 2 cartridges Reads and writes Ultrium 1 format on Ultrium 1 cartridges Does not write Ultrium 2 format on Ultrium 1 cartridges Does not write Ultrium 1 format on Ultrium 2 cartridges Ultrium 3 The Ultrium 3 Tape Drive is compatible with the cartridges of its predecessors, the Ultrium 2 and Ultrium 1 Tape Drive. Cartridge compatibility for the Ultrium 3 Tape Drive is as follows: Reads and writes Ultrium 3 format on Ultrium 3 cartridges Reads and writes Ultrium 2 format on Ultrium 2 cartridges Reads Ultrium 1 format on Ultrium 1 cartridges Does not write Ultrium 3 format on Ultrium 2 cartridges Does not write Ultrium 2 format on Ultrium 3 cartridges WORM tape format Beginning with LTO Ultrium 3, Write Once Read Many (WORM) functionality provides for non-erasable, non-rewritable operation with tape media and is designed for long term tamper resistant record retention.6 Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  28. 28. The LTO Ultrium 3 specification for WORM includes the use of low level encoding in the Cartridge Memory (CM) and is also mastered into the servo pattern as part of the manufacturing process. This encoding is designed to prevent tampering. Data can be appended at the end of a WORM cartridge to which data was previously written, allowing the full use of the high capacity tape media. LTO Ultrium 3 WORM cartridges can be used with any LTO Ultrium 3 tape drive with the appropriate microcode and firmware. LTO Ultrium 3 non-WORM-enabled and WORM-enabled drives can coexist in the same library. Figure 1-3 The LTO Ultrium product family1.1.2 IBM TotalStorage 3580 Tape Drive The IBM TotalStorage 3580 Tape Drive (abbreviated to IBM 3580) is an external, stand-alone, SCSI-attached tape drive that attaches to a variety of server and operating system platforms (see “Hardware server platforms” on page 27). The IBM 3580 can also connect to Fibre Channel server Host Bus Adapters through the IBM SAN Data Gateway Router models 2108-R03 or 2108-G07. Note: The IBM SAN Data Gateway Router models 2108-R03 and 2108-G07 were withdrawn from marketing in December 2002. The IBM 3580 is available as four separate model types, depending on the Ultrium format and SCSI interface: Chapter 1. Introduction to LTO Ultrium with UNIX 7
  29. 29. IBM 3580-L23 has an Ultrium 2 drive and a Low-Voltage Differential (LVD) Ultra2 SCSI attachment that connects to LVD fast/wide adapters. IBM 3580-H23 has an Ultrium 2 drive and a High-Voltage Differential (HVD) Ultra™ SCSI attachment that connects to HVD fast/wide adapters. IBM 3580-L33 and IBM 3580-L3H have an Ultrium 3 drive and a Low-Voltage Differential (LVD) Ultra SCSI attachment that connects to LVD fast/wide adapters. The IBM 3580-L33 and IBM 3580-L3H are functionally identical; the only difference is that the IBM 3580-L3H is an Express Model which is part of the On-Demand Express Portfolio. The four previously available model types are: IBM 3580-L11 and IBM 3580-L13 have an Ultrium 1 drive and a Low-Voltage Differential (LVD) Ultra2 SCSI attachment that connects to LVD fast/wide adapters. The IBM 3580-L11 and IBM 3580-L13 are functionally identical; the only difference is that the IBM 3580-L13 has a three-year Customer Element Exchange warranty. IBM 3580-H11 and IBM 3580-H13 have an Ultrium 1 drive and a High-Voltage Differential (HVD) Ultra SCSI attachment that connects to HVD fast/wide adapters. The IBM 3580-H11 and IBM 3580-H13 are functionally identical; the only difference is that the IBM 3580-H13 has a three year Customer Element Exchange warranty. Note: The IBM 3580-L11 and IBM 3580-L13 were withdrawn from marketing in July 2004, and the replacement products are the IBM 3580-L23, IBM 3580-L33 and IBM 3580-L3H. The IBM 3580-H11 and IBM 3580-H13 were withdrawn from marketing in January 2005, and the replacement products are the IBM 3580-H23, IBM 3580-L33 and IBM 3580-L3H. Figure 1-4 shows the IBM 3580-L1x, H1X, L23 and H23 and Figure 1-5 shows the IBM 3580-L33/L3H. Figure 1-4 IBM TotalStorage 3580 Tape Drive L1x, H1X, L23 and H238 Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  30. 30. Figure 1-5 IBM TotalStorage 3580 Tape Drive L33/L3H1.1.3 IBM TotalStorage 3581 Tape Autoloader Note: All models of the IBM TotalStorage 3581 Tape Autoloader (IBM 3581-L17/H17, IBM 3581-L13/H13, and IBM 3581-L23/H23) were withdrawn from marketing in October 2004. The replacement is the IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader Model L28, which is described in 1.1.4, “IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader” on page 10. The IBM TotalStorage 3581 Tape Autoloader (abbreviated to IBM 3581) is an external, stand-alone or rack-mounted autoloader that can incorporate an IBM Ultrium 1 or Ultrium 2 tape drive. It attaches to a variety of server and operating system platforms (See “Hardware server platforms” on page 27). The IBM 3581 capacity with Ultrium 1 drives is seven tape cartridges, providing a media capacity of up to 700 GB (1.4 TB with 2:1 compression) data storage per library, and a sustained data rate of up to 15 MB per second (uncompressed). The IBM 3581 capacity with Ultrium 2 drives is seven tape cartridges, providing a media capacity of up to 1.4 TB (2.8 TB with 2:1 compression) data storage per library, and a sustained data rate of up to 35 MB per second (uncompressed). The six model types are: IBM 3581-L17 has an Ultrium 1 drive and an LVD Ultra2 SCSI attachment. IBM 3581-L13 has an Ultrium 1 drive and an LVD Ultra2 SCSI attachment and comes with a three-year Customer Element Warranty. IBM 3581-L23 has an Ultrium 2 drive and an LVD Ultra2 SCSI attachment and comes with a three-year Customer Element Warranty. IBM 3581 H-17 has an Ultrium 1 drive and an HVD Ultra SCSI attachment. IBM 3581 H-13 has an Ultrium 1 drive and an HVD Ultra SCSI attachment and comes with a three-year Customer Element Warranty. IBM 3581 H-23 has an Ultrium 2 drive and an HVD Ultra SCSI attachment and comes with a three-year Customer Element Warranty. Figure 1-6 shows the IBM 3581. Chapter 1. Introduction to LTO Ultrium with UNIX 9
  31. 31. Figure 1-6 IBM TotalStorage 3581 Tape Autoloader1.1.4 IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader The IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader (abbreviated to IBM 3581 2U) is a desktop or rack-mountable unit (requiring two rack units, thus “2U”) that operates in automatic, sequential, or random mode and comes equipped with a robotic interface that moves tape cartridges to and from the drive and cartridge carousel. The IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader attaches to a variety of server and operating system platforms (See “Hardware server platforms” on page 27). The IBM 3581 2U uses the IBM Ultrium 2 and Ultrium 3 drives for fast data transfer and reliability in automated library services. The Ultrium 2 cartridge has a native capacity of 200 GB. The Ultrium 3 cartridge has a native capacity of 400 GB. The IBM 3581 2U has an eight-cartridge capacity. With an IBM Ultrium 2 drive, the native media capacity is 1.6 TB (3.2 TB with 2:1 compression) with a sustained data rate up to 35 MB/sec (uncompressed). With an IBM Ultrium 3 drive, the native media capacity is 3.2 TB (6.4 TB with 2:1 compression) with a sustained data rate up to 80 MB/sec (uncompressed) with Ultrium 3 media. The IBM 3581 2U’s robotic system includes an I/O door, a cartridge carousel with eight cartridge slots, and a cartridge loader. The I/O door allows the importing or exporting of a single cartridge to or from the Autoloader. The cartridge carousel encircles the Ultrium 2 or 3 drive and positions the specified cartridge slot in front of the tape drive. A robotic cartridge loader moves the cartridges between the cartridge slots and the tape drive. The four models of the IBM 3581 2U are: The IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader Model L28 – The IBM 3581-L28 has an Ultrium 2 drive and a Low-Voltage Differential (LVD) Ultra 160 SCSI attachment that connects to LVD fast/wide adapters. – Using the optional High-Voltage Differential (HVD) converter (feature #3104), a SCSI LVD to HVD converter/expander converts the Autoloader’s low-voltage differential (LVD) to wide high-voltage differential (HVD).10 Implementing IBM Tape in UNIX Systems
  32. 32. The IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader Model F28 The IBM 3581-F28 has an Ultrium 2 drive and a 2 Gbps native switched fabric Fibre Channel attachment. The IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader Model L38/L3H The IBM 3581-L38 has an Ultrium 3 drive and a Low-Voltage Differential (LVD) Ultra 160 SCSI attachment that connects to LVD fast/wide adapters. The IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader Model F38/F3H The IBM 3581-F38 has an Ultrium 3 drive and a 2 Gbps Native Switched Fabric Fibre Channel attachment. The IBM 3581-L38 and IBM 3581-L3H are functionally identical. The IBM 3581-F38 and IBM 3581-F3H are functionally identical.The only difference is the IBM 3580-L3H and IBM 3581-F3H are Express Models and are part of the On-Demand Express Portfolio. Remote Management Unit Available as an optional feature, a Remote Management Unit (RMU) provides an Ethernet port, so the library can be configured as a TCP/IP device on the network. Library status can be sent to the network as Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) traps. The IBM Ultrium Tape Library Specialist enables network access (via Web browser) to the library for more detailed status and for updating the firmware of the library. All library operator panel functions can be accessed using the IBM Ultrium Tape Library Specialist. Figure 1-7 shows the IBM 3581 2U. Figure 1-7 IBM TotalStorage 3581 2U Tape Autoloader1.1.5 IBM TotalStorage 3582 Tape Library The IBM TotalStorage 3582 Tape Library (abbreviated to IBM 3582) is an entry-level tape library that can accommodate one or two Ultrium 2 or Ultrium 3 drives. Designed for tape automation, the IBM 3582 attaches to a variety of server and operating system platforms (See “Hardware server platforms” on page 27). The IBM 3582 has one model, the 3582-L28. The IBM 3582 uses the IBM Ultrium 2 and Ultrium 3 tape drives for fast data transfer and reliability in automated library service. The Ultrium 2 cartridge has a native capacity of 200 GB. The Ultrium 3 cartridge has a native capacity of 400 GB. Each aspect of the library subsystem has been designed for repeated, reliable, unattended tape handling. The tape handling mechanism is designed to reliably move cartridges to IBM Ultrium Tape Drives within the library. The IBM Ultrium tape cartridges have been refined Chapter 1. Introduction to LTO Ultrium with UNIX 11

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