Front coverIBM Tivoli Storage ManagerImplementation GuideUse the included worksheets, scripts,and macros to make your job ...
International Technical Support OrganizationIBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation GuideJune 2006                      ...
Note: Before using this information and the product it supports, read the information in “Notices” on page xxiii.Fourth Ed...
Contents                       Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
2.2.16 Number of archives kept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24                  2.2.1...
2.8.5 Archive sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42               ...
3.7.1 Server options file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91                ...
5.1.2 Defining database volumes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1905.2 Recovery log . . . . ....
6.5.2 Auditing volume contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246                   6.5.3...
8.3 Client option sets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298           ...
11.4.1 UNIX command-line examples and output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366                  11.4.2 Windows GUI r...
13.7.8 Database backup management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44213.8 Error conditions . . . . . ....
15.4.3 General parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509                      1...
17.4 Setting up server-free data movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570   17.4.1 SAN configuration...
20.1 Windows Bare Machine Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 630                  20.1.1 Col...
22.2.4 Testing new updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 699                      ...
How to get IBM Redbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 770                 ...
Figures                 1-1    Our IBM Tivoli Storage Manager environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5      ...
4-26   Installing a new Web client screen panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140                4-27   Se...
7-1     Sample policy definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27110-1    ISC log...
16-2    Windows device manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535               16-3 ...
22-6 AIX lab environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708                 ...
xxii   IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
NoticesThis information was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A.IBM® may not offer the products, serv...
TrademarksThe following terms are trademarks of the International Business Machines Corporation in the United States,other...
Preface                 This IBM® Redbook describes how to integrate, install, configure, and operate                 the ...
Peter McFarlane is an IT Infrastructure Consultant for andersenIT in Brisbane,               Australia. He is a certified ...
Landzettel, Armando Lemos da Silva Filho, Rod MacLeod, Andy Pattinson,                 Patrick Randall, Holger Speh, Phil ...
Become a published author               Join us for a two- to six-week residency program! Help write an IBM Redbook       ...
Part 1Part       1     Introduction                 The objective of this book is to provide material describing how to im...
2   IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
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Ibm tivoli storage manager implementation guide sg245416
Ibm tivoli storage manager implementation guide sg245416
Ibm tivoli storage manager implementation guide sg245416
Ibm tivoli storage manager implementation guide sg245416
Ibm tivoli storage manager implementation guide sg245416
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Ibm tivoli storage manager implementation guide sg245416
Ibm tivoli storage manager implementation guide sg245416
Ibm tivoli storage manager implementation guide sg245416
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Ibm tivoli storage manager implementation guide sg245416

  1. 1. Front coverIBM Tivoli Storage ManagerImplementation GuideUse the included worksheets, scripts,and macros to make your job easierSee features for new andadvanced usersUse this hands-on guidefor planning and setup Charlotte Brooks Peter McFarlane Norbert Pott Eduardo Tomaz Martin Trckaibm.com/redbooks
  2. 2. International Technical Support OrganizationIBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation GuideJune 2006 SG24-5416-03
  3. 3. Note: Before using this information and the product it supports, read the information in “Notices” on page xxiii.Fourth Edition (June 2006)This edition applies to IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Version 5.3.2.© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 1999, 2000, 2003, 2006. All rightsreserved.Note to U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights -- Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP
  4. 4. Contents Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiii Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiv Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv The team that wrote this redbook. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Become a published author . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxviii Comments welcome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxviiiPart 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Chapter 1. Implementation checklists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1 The big picture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1.1 Our support material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.2 Planning checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.2.1 Server implementation checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.2.2 Client implementation checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.2.3 Operations checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1.3 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Chapter 2. Implementation planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.1 Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.2 Client environment data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.2.1 Client name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.2.2 Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.2.3 Operating system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.2.4 Total storage available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.2.5 Total storage used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.2.6 GB changed per backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.2.7 Number of files backed up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.2.8 Number of backup versions to be kept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.2.9 Data compression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.2.10 Backup window times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.2.11 Backup number of hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.2.12 Required recovery time frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.2.13 Tivoli Storage Manager restore time frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.2.14 GB copied per archive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.2.15 Number of files archived . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24© Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2000, 2003, 2006. All rights reserved. iii
  5. 5. 2.2.16 Number of archives kept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.2.17 Archive frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.2.18 Archive window times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.2.19 Archive number of hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.2.20 Number of image backups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.2.21 Image backup frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.2.22 Number of backup sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.2.23 Backup set frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.2.24 Policy domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.2.25 Client option set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.3 Data retention requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.3.1 Group name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.3.2 Number of backup versions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.3.3 Backup file retention period. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.3.4 Number of deleted versions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.3.5 Last deleted file version retention period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.3.6 Archive retention period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2.3.7 Off-site copies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2.3.8 Onsite collocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2.3.9 Off-site collocation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 2.3.10 Image backup retention. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 2.3.11 Backup set retention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2.4 Server architecture considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2.4.1 Server platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2.4.2 Installed user base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2.4.3 Cost. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2.4.4 Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 2.4.5 Platform installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 2.4.6 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 2.4.7 Supported devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 2.5 System size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 2.6 Multiple Tivoli Storage Manager servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 2.6.1 Reasons to consider multiple servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 2.6.2 Disadvantages of multiple servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2.7 Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2.7.1 Network considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2.7.2 Communication protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.7.3 Network name resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2.8 Disk considerations and sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2.8.1 The disk subsystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2.8.2 Tivoli Storage Manager database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2.8.3 Database performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2.8.4 Database size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41iv IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  6. 6. 2.8.5 Archive sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 2.8.6 Database volume identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 2.8.7 Tivoli Storage Manager recovery log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 2.8.8 Primary disk storage pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 2.8.9 Disk storage pool size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 2.8.10 Archive disk sizing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 2.8.11 Image disk sizing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 2.8.12 Device configuration table and volume history file . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 2.8.13 Total disk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 2.9 Tape drives and sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 2.9.1 Tape devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 2.9.2 Tape libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 2.9.3 Number of tape drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 2.10 Tape volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 2.10.1 On-site volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 2.10.2 Off-site volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 2.10.3 Database tape volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 2.10.4 z/OS tape management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 2.11 Administrator IDs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 2.11.1 License considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 2.11.2 Licensed features registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 2.12 Other considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 2.13 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63Part 2. Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Chapter 3. Server installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 3.1 Software installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 3.2 Latest software updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 3.3 AIX server installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 3.4 Linux server installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 3.4.1 Installation packages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 3.4.2 Installation commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 3.4.3 Post-installation steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 3.4.4 Uninstallation of the server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 3.5 Windows 2000/2003 server installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 3.5.1 Tivoli Storage Manager server package installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 3.5.2 Tivoli Storage Manager License package installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 3.5.3 Tivoli Storage Manager Device Driver package installation . . . . . . . 81 3.5.4 Windows 2000/2003 configuration wizards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 3.6 Integrated Solution Console and Administration Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 3.6.1 ISC and Administration Center installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 3.7 Customization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Contents v
  7. 7. 3.7.1 Server options file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 3.7.2 Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 3.8 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Chapter 4. Backup-archive client installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 4.1 Backup-archive client code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 4.1.1 Backup-archive client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 4.1.2 Web client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 4.1.3 API client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 4.2 Code installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 4.2.1 Backup-archive client code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 4.2.2 AIX backup-archive client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 4.2.3 Linux backup-archive client. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 4.2.4 Windows backup-archive client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 4.3 Customization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 4.3.1 Backup-archive client customization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 4.3.2 Web backup-archive client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 4.3.3 Using the client configuration wizard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 4.4 UNIX/Linux configuration wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 4.5 Use of Windows configuration wizards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 4.5.1 Backup-archive client configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 4.5.2 Web client configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 4.5.3 Client scheduler configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 4.5.4 Journal engine configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 4.5.5 Online image support configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 4.5.6 Open File Support configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 4.6 Client interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 4.6.1 Command line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 4.6.2 GUI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 4.7 Client scheduler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 4.7.1 Starting the client scheduler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 4.7.2 Stopping the scheduler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 4.8 Web client usage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 4.8.1 Remote client GUI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 4.8.2 Client functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 4.8.3 Access authorization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 4.8.4 Starting the Web client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 4.8.5 Stopping the remote agent services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 4.9 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 Chapter 5. Database and recovery log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 5.1 Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 5.1.1 Database design considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188vi IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  8. 8. 5.1.2 Defining database volumes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1905.2 Recovery log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 5.2.1 Recovery log design considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 5.2.2 Defining recovery log volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1945.3 Setting the log mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1965.4 Defining the database backup trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985.5 Setting the expansion trigger. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 5.5.1 Database space trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 5.5.2 Recovery log space trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2015.6 Mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 5.6.1 Database mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 5.6.2 Recovery log mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2065.7 Removing default volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207 5.7.1 Removing the default database volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207 5.7.2 Removing the default recovery log volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2095.8 Database backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2105.9 Additional commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 5.9.1 DELETE VOLHIST TYPE=DBBACKUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 5.9.2 ESTIMATE DBREORGSTATS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2135.10 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214Chapter 6. Data storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2156.1 Example environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 6.1.1 Primary storage pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 6.1.2 Copy storage pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2176.2 Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 6.2.1 Defining a library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 6.2.2 Defining a path to a library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 6.2.3 Defining a drive in a library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 6.2.4 Defining a path to a drive in a library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 6.2.5 Defining a device class for a library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 6.2.6 Defining a sequential file device class . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2306.3 Storage pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 6.3.1 Defining a sequential access tape storage pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 6.3.2 Defining a random access disk storage pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233 6.3.3 Defining a sequential access file storage pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 6.3.4 Defining a copy storage pool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 6.3.5 Deleting the default storage pools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2386.4 Storage pool volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 6.4.1 Defining random access disk volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 6.4.2 Tape volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2416.5 Additional commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 6.5.1 Auditing library contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 Contents vii
  9. 9. 6.5.2 Auditing volume contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246 6.5.3 Back up a storage pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 6.5.4 Check a tape in to a library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 6.5.5 Check out library volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253 6.5.6 Deleting storage-related objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255 6.5.7 Mounted volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256 6.5.8 Migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 6.5.9 Moving data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258 6.5.10 Querying volume contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260 6.5.11 Querying occupancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260 6.5.12 Rename a storage pool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261 6.5.13 Reclamation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262 6.5.14 SQL commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264 6.6 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 Chapter 7. Data storage policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269 7.1 Recommended setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270 7.1.1 Defining policy domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 7.1.2 Defining policy sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 7.1.3 Defining management classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 7.1.4 Defining backup copy groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274 7.1.5 Defining the archive copy group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276 7.2 Verifying policy definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 7.2.1 Backup copy groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 7.2.2 Archive copy groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278 7.3 Validating and activating a policy set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278 7.3.1 Validating the recommended policy sets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278 7.3.2 Activating the recommended policy sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279 7.3.3 Deleting the STANDARD policy domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279 7.4 Enforcing your policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282 7.5 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282 Chapter 8. Managing Tivoli Storage Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283 8.1 Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284 8.1.1 Administrators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284 8.1.2 Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285 8.1.3 Default environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285 8.1.4 Recommended administrators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 8.1.5 Working with administrators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288 8.2 Client nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291 8.2.1 Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291 8.2.2 Default environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292 8.2.3 Working with client nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292viii IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  10. 10. 8.3 Client option sets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298 8.3.1 Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298 8.3.2 Default environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299 8.3.3 Recommended client option sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299 8.3.4 Working with client option sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 8.3.5 Associating a client node with a client option set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301 8.4 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302 Chapter 9. Licensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303 9.1 Licensed features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304 9.2 Registering licensed features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 9.3 Saving your licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 9.4 License compliance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 9.5 Monitoring licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307 9.5.1 Displaying license information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307 9.5.2 Auditing licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308 9.5.3 Scheduling automatic license audits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308 9.6 Tivoli Storage Manager V5.2 license features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309 Chapter 10. Administrative client. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311 10.1 Administration Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312 10.1.1 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312 10.1.2 Administration Center interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313 10.2 Administrative client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316 10.2.1 Code installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317 10.2.2 Administrative command-line client customization . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 10.2.3 Command-line interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320 10.3 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323Part 3. Operational details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325 Chapter 11. Client operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327 11.1 Running backup operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328 11.1.1 Exclude rules preventing some files from being backed up . . . . . 331 11.1.2 UNIX command-line examples and output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333 11.1.3 Windows GUI backup examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342 11.1.4 Additional backup options for Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344 11.2 Running restore operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345 11.2.1 UNIX command-line examples and output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348 11.2.2 Windows GUI restore examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354 11.3 Running archive operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359 11.3.1 UNIX command-line examples and output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361 11.3.2 Windows GUI archive examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363 11.4 Running retrieve operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365 Contents ix
  11. 11. 11.4.1 UNIX command-line examples and output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366 11.4.2 Windows GUI retrieve examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367 11.5 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370 Chapter 12. Scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371 12.1 The wheel of life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373 12.2 Administrative schedules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374 12.2.1 Defining an off-site backup schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377 12.2.2 Defining the volume history schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380 12.2.3 Defining a migration schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382 12.2.4 Defining an expiration schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382 12.2.5 Defining a reclamation schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383 12.2.6 Defining a licensing audit schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385 12.2.7 Querying administrative events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386 12.3 Client schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386 12.3.1 Defining a client backup schedule. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387 12.3.2 Defining an enhanced client schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388 12.3.3 Associating a client with a schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391 12.3.4 Verifying the client schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392 Chapter 13. Routine tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395 13.1 Operations staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 396 13.2 Server procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397 13.2.1 Starting the Tivoli Storage Manager server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397 13.2.2 Stopping the Tivoli Storage Manager server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401 13.3 Event monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404 13.3.1 Event receivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405 13.4 Health monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407 13.4.1 Enabling the ADMIN_CENTER account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408 13.4.2 Using Health Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409 13.5 Operational Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412 13.5.1 Functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412 13.6 Daily sanity checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414 13.6.1 Data storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 13.6.2 Client-server activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421 13.7 Storage media management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426 13.7.1 Tape use overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426 13.7.2 Label and check in tapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428 13.7.3 On-site and off-site tape management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430 13.7.4 Moving data from on-site to off-site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433 13.7.5 Off-site tape management to on-site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439 13.7.6 Checking volumes into a library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440 13.7.7 Reclaiming off-site tapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441x IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  12. 12. 13.7.8 Database backup management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44213.8 Error conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445 13.8.1 Tivoli Storage Manager errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446 13.8.2 Machine errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44713.9 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 451Chapter 14. Advanced operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45314.1 Exporting server to server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45414.2 Exporting data directly to another server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454 14.2.1 Preparing to export to another server for immediate import . . . . . 455 14.2.2 Exporting administrator information to another server . . . . . . . . . 455 14.2.3 Exporting client node information to another server . . . . . . . . . . . 457 14.2.4 Exporting policy information to another server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45814.3 Exporting and importing server to server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460 14.3.1 Moving a complete node’s data and meta data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460 14.3.2 Moving a node’s metadata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46614.4 Moving a node back to an originating server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466 14.4.1 Merging file spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467 14.4.2 Suggestions for leveraging the export feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47114.5 Server groups and remote command routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47114.6 Reorganizing the database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47314.7 Tivoli Storage Manager and TEC integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47814.8 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 479Chapter 15. Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48115.1 How to measure performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482 15.1.1 Network benchmarking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483 15.1.2 Tivoli Storage Manager client performance tracing. . . . . . . . . . . . 488 15.1.3 Tivoli Storage Manager server performance tracing . . . . . . . . . . . 49215.2 Architecture-based performance tuning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 15.2.1 Database and recovery log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496 15.2.2 Storage pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496 15.2.3 Versioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497 15.2.4 Client configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498 15.2.5 LAN-free backup/restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49815.3 Tivoli Storage Manager server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498 15.3.1 Server database and recovery log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498 15.3.2 Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 501 15.3.3 Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 502 15.3.4 General parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50415.4 Client node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506 15.4.1 Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506 15.4.2 Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 508 Contents xi
  13. 13. 15.4.3 General parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509 15.5 System design for performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511 15.5.1 PCI busses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511 15.5.2 Tape busses (SCSI, Fibre) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511 15.5.3 Disk topology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 15.5.4 System memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 15.5.5 Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 15.5.6 Tape devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513 15.6 Special performance tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513 15.6.1 LAN-free tuning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513 15.6.2 LTO/DLT tape tuning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513 15.6.3 File system volumes versus raw logical volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514 15.6.4 AIX virtual memory system tuning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514 15.6.5 Use NTFS partitions for the server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516 15.6.6 Journal-based incremental backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517 15.7 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520Part 4. Advanced topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 Chapter 16. Leveraging SAN environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 16.1 LAN-free prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526 16.2 Server setup for LAN-free . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528 16.2.1 Defining library, drives, and associated paths on the server. . . . . 530 16.2.2 Defining the device class . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 531 16.2.3 Creating primary sequential storage pool for LAN-free . . . . . . . . . 531 16.2.4 Defining policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532 16.2.5 LAN-free validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533 16.3 Storage Agent setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 534 16.3.1 Device drivers for shared devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 534 16.3.2 Storage Agent software installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 537 16.3.3 Configuring the Storage Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 540 16.3.4 Device configuration on the Storage Agent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 548 16.4 SAN device discovery support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 552 16.4.1 Recovering from offline paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 553 16.5 Client LAN-free customization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556 16.6 Performing LAN-free operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 558 16.6.1 Determining whether the data movement is LAN-free . . . . . . . . . 560 16.6.2 LAN-free data transfer considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 562 16.7 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 562 Chapter 17. Server-free data movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565 17.1 Server-free: What it is and why to use it . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 566 17.2 Server-free setup requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 568 17.3 Configuration steps: Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570xii IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  14. 14. 17.4 Setting up server-free data movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570 17.4.1 SAN configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570 17.4.2 SAN zoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 572 17.4.3 Setting up the SAN Data Gateway (datamover) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 574 17.4.4 Configuring Tivoli Storage Manager server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575 17.4.5 Configuring the Tivoli Storage Manager Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57917.5 Running server-free backup and restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57917.6 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 581Chapter 18. Network Data Management Protocol (NDMP) . . . . . . . . . . . 58318.1 NDMP terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 584 18.1.1 Tivoli Storage Manager and NDMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 584 18.1.2 NDMP backup for NAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 584 18.1.3 NDMP support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 585 18.1.4 Multiple NAS appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 587Chapter 19. Disaster Recovery Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58919.1 Example of a DRM implementation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59019.2 DRM setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 591 19.2.1 Register DRM license . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 591 19.2.2 Create a copy storage pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 592 19.2.3 DRM settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 594 19.2.4 Verifying the settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59819.3 Daily operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 598 19.3.1 Back up primary storage pools to copy storage pool . . . . . . . . . . 600 19.3.2 Backup of Tivoli Storage Manager database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 603 19.3.3 Querying DR media. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 604 19.3.4 Send disaster recovery media off-site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605 19.3.5 Generate the recovery plan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 609 19.3.6 Returning expired volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61019.4 Server restore setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 611 19.4.1 Obtain the latest DR plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 612 19.4.2 Find a replacement server and storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 613 19.4.3 Install the operating system and the server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61319.5 Break out the disaster recovery plan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 613 19.5.1 Obtain the recovery volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 616 19.5.2 Review the Tivoli Storage Manager macros . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 616 19.5.3 Review the device configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618 19.5.4 Start the restore Tivoli Storage Manager server scripts . . . . . . . . 620 19.5.5 Restore primary storage pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 625 19.5.6 Summary of example disaster recovery plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62719.6 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 627Chapter 20. Bare Machine Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 629 Contents xiii
  15. 15. 20.1 Windows Bare Machine Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 630 20.1.1 Collect client machine information for disaster recovery . . . . . . . . 630 20.1.2 Collect partition and logical volume information with diskmap . . . 633 20.1.3 Store system information for DRM access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 633 20.1.4 Insert client machine information into DRM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 634 20.1.5 Use machchar.vbs to insert machine reports into DRM . . . . . . . . 635 20.1.6 Windows systems additional information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 638 20.2 Using SysBack for Bare Machine Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 639 20.2.1 An introduction to SysBack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 641 20.2.2 System installation options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 647 20.2.3 Network boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 648 20.2.4 Multivolume backup and tape device support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650 20.2.5 Partition backup, recovery, and cloning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 20.2.6 Partition backup and reinstallation (system recovery). . . . . . . . . . 651 20.2.7 Cloning backup images between partitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 657 20.2.8 Cloning from a stand-alone system to a partition . . . . . . . . . . . . . 665 20.2.9 License information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 666 20.2.10 Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 667 20.3 Integrating SysBack with Tivoli Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 667 20.3.1 Prerequisites, limitations, and exclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 667 20.3.2 Basic setup and configuration tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 670 20.3.3 Creating a Tivoli Storage Manager virtual device . . . . . . . . . . . . . 672 20.3.4 Configuring network boot options for BMR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675 20.3.5 Recovery and system reinstallation from a server . . . . . . . . . . . . 677 Chapter 21. Data Protection configuration on the server . . . . . . . . . . . . 681 21.1 Basic assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682 21.2 Policy creation requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682 21.2.1 Defining a management class in an existing policy domain . . . . . 682 21.2.2 Defining a new policy domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683 21.2.3 Backing up and archiving copygroup considerations . . . . . . . . . . 684 21.3 Register node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 687 21.4 Server configuration considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 688 Chapter 22. Tivoli Storage Manager upgrade considerations . . . . . . . . 691 22.1 General upgrade considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 692 22.1.1 Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 692 22.1.2 Clients and Data Protection modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694 22.1.3 Storage Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 697 22.2 Server upgrade best practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 697 22.2.1 Server quiesce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 698 22.2.2 Backing up important components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 698 22.2.3 Upgrading the server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 699xiv IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  16. 16. 22.2.4 Testing new updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 699 22.2.5 Enabling production mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 700 22.3 Performing server upgrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 700 22.3.1 Migration on Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 701 22.3.2 Migration on AIX 5L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 707 22.4 Performing client upgrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715 22.4.1 Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715 22.4.2 AIX 5L client upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 716 22.5 Storage Agent upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 718 22.5.1 AIX Storage Agent migration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 718 22.5.2 Windows 2003 Storage Agent migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 719 22.6 Library migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 719Part 5. Appendixes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 721 Appendix A. Planning and sizing worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 723 Worksheets grouped in tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 724 Appendix B. Book support material: macros and scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . 729 Macros . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 730 Define administrators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 730 Define client option sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 731 Define policy structure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 733 Define schedules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 735 Define server scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 737 Create storage pools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 738 Delete default storage pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 739 Server options files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 740 AIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 740 z/OS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 742 Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 744 Client options files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 746 AIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 746 NetWare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 747 Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 749 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 751 Abbreviations and acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 757 Related publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 765 IBM Redbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 765 Other publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 766 Online resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 768 Contents xv
  17. 17. How to get IBM Redbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 770 IBM Redbooks collections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 771 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 773xvi IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  18. 18. Figures 1-1 Our IBM Tivoli Storage Manager environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2-1 Tivoli Storage Manager backup/restore scenarios. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2-2 LAN-free data movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 3-1 Windows Tivoli Storage Manager server installation menu . . . . . . . . . . 79 3-2 Windows reboot system after installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 3-3 Server main configuration wizard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 3-4 ISC and TSM Administration Center: sample figure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 3-5 InstallShield Wizard for IBM Integrated Solutions Console . . . . . . . . . . 86 3-6 ISC installation: Review and confirm settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 3-7 ISC installation progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 3-8 InstallShield wizard for Administration Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 3-9 Administration Center installation: Confirm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 3-10 TSM Administration Center installation: success . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 4-1 Difference between a local and Web-based restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 4-2 Web backup-archive client main window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 4-3 Tivoli Storage Manager lab setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 4-4 Backup-archive client installation packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 4-5 Client code destination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 4-6 Client setup type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 4-7 Completion of client installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 4-8 Java GUI client configuration wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 4-9 Server name definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 4-10 Client/Server communication method screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 4-11 Setting up communication parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 4-12 Client node name configuration screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 4-13 Completing client configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 4-14 UNIX Tivoli Storage Manager client login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 4-15 Client Configuration Wizard startup window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 4-16 Windows create options file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 4-17 Windows client nodename . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 4-18 Client-server communication method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 4-19 TCP/IP parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 4-20 Recommended Include/Exclude List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 4-21 Common File Exclusion Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 4-22 Specifying domains for incremental and image backups . . . . . . . . . . . 137 4-23 Completion of client configuration wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 4-24 Windows Tivoli Storage Manager client login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 4-25 Configuring the Web client selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139© Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2000, 2003, 2006. All rights reserved. xvii
  19. 19. 4-26 Installing a new Web client screen panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 4-27 Selection of the Web services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 4-28 Choose the path and file name of the options file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 4-29 Enter a Web Client Acceptor port number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 4-30 Enter the client’s node name and password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 4-31 Selection panel for the account and startup options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 4-32 Select the name of the client agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 4-33 Choose whether to allow remote access to the Web client . . . . . . . . . 147 4-34 Choose whether to start the service after the wizard completes . . . . . 148 4-35 Completion panel for the Web client configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 4-36 That is all for this wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 4-37 Installing a new client TSM Scheduler Wizard selection . . . . . . . . . . . 150 4-38 Choosing the name and location of the client scheduler . . . . . . . . . . . 151 4-39 Select the option file to use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 4-40 Supply the client node name and password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 4-41 Choose the Windows account and starting options for the client . . . . 154 4-42 Defining schedule and error log names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 4-43 Startup choice once the wizard has completed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 4-44 Configuration completion panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 4-45 Scheduler installed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 4-46 Installing a new journal engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 4-47 Choose the file systems that are to be journaled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 4-48 Specify the location for the journal database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 4-49 Journal engine notification filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 4-50 Journal database maximum size panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 4-51 Login properties for the journal service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 4-52 Start up service after the wizard completes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 4-53 Journal service completion wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 4-54 Journal engine successfully installed panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 4-55 Install panel for the online image support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 4-56 Successful configuration of online image support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 4-57 Installation of the Logical Volume Snapshot Agent panel . . . . . . . . . . 167 4-58 Successfully completed panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 4-59 Windows GUI client interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 4-60 Java-based backup-archive client GUI interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 4-61 Client scheduler service is running on a machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 4-62 Changing startup behavior of the client scheduler service in Windows 180 4-63 Platform-independent Web client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 4-64 Web client login dialog box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 5-1 Tivoli Storage Manager database volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 5-2 Recovery log volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194 5-3 Database and recovery log mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 6-1 Storage pool hierarchy for our recommended setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216xviii IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  20. 20. 7-1 Sample policy definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27110-1 ISC login screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31310-2 Administration Interface welcome window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31410-3 Server environment overview and health status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31510-4 Java-based command line administrative interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31610-5 Using InstallShield Wizard to install the administrative client interface 31811-1 Windows backup GUI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34211-2 Estimate function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34311-3 Backup report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34311-4 Windows 2000 system object backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34511-5 Windows restore GUI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35411-6 Point-in-time restore function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35511-7 Restore options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35611-8 Restore destination options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35711-9 Restore report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35811-10 System object restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35911-11 Windows archive GUI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36311-12 Archive options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36411-13 Archive report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36511-14 Windows retrieve GUI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36711-15 Retrieve options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36811-16 Retrieve destination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36911-17 Retrieve report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37012-1 Scheduling of operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37412-2 Enhanced schedule repetition, day of week, ISC panel. . . . . . . . . . . . 39012-3 Enhanced schedule, week of month, ISC panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39013-1 Tivoli Storage Manager management monitor option . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39913-2 Server Properties view showing Administrators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40813-3 ADMIN_CENTER account update pwd and Lock box unchecked . . . 40913-4 Health monitor menu selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41013-5 Defining the Health Monitor password and refresh interval . . . . . . . . . 41113-6 Health monitor details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41113-7 IBM Tivoli Operational Reporting result . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41313-8 How Tivoli Storage Manager tapes are processed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42813-9 On-site and off-site distinction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43113-10 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager and tape life cycle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43213-11 Tivoli Storage Manager tape processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43313-12 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager error entries in Windows Event Viewer. . 45013-13 Detailed event information of an IBM Tivoli Storage Manager error . . 45114-1 Server-to-server lab setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46115-1 Tivoli Storage Manager volume definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49715-2 Tivoli Storage Manager tunables overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52116-1 SAN lab environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527 Figures xix
  21. 21. 16-2 Windows device manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535 16-3 Correctly identified devices in Windows Device Manager . . . . . . . . . . 536 16-4 Registry settings for MaximumSGList in Windows 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . 537 16-5 Storage Agent and Device Driver installation screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538 16-6 Windows Storage Agent customer information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538 16-7 Windows Storage Agent setup type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539 16-8 Storage Agent initialization wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 541 16-9 Storage Agent configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 542 16-10 Tivoli Storage Manager server details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543 16-11 Storage Agent service configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 544 16-12 Running Storage Agent service in Windows Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545 16-13 Backup of c:console directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 558 16-14 Backup status window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 559 17-1 Server-free data movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 567 17-2 SAN network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 571 17-3 Server-free SAN zoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 572 17-4 StorWatch SAN configuration overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573 17-5 Server-free client backup in process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 580 17-6 Server-free backup server status query . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 580 17-7 Tivoli Storage Manager server-free client restore in process . . . . . . . 581 18-1 NDMP operations and Tivoli Storage Manager interactions . . . . . . . . 585 19-1 DRM lab setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 590 19-2 DRM media states and life cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 599 19-3 Primary pool backup and server database backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608 19-4 Disaster recovery plan generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 609 19-5 Server restoration process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 612 20-1 Insert machine characteristics using Admin Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 635 20-2 Two-way pull backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 643 20-3 Three-way pull backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 644 20-4 MIrrors split by the Offline Mirror Backup feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 645 20-5 Stacked full system (installation image) backup tape layout . . . . . . . . 646 20-6 Classic network boot relationships. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649 20-7 NIM resource network boot relationships. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650 20-8 Local backup to tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 652 20-9 Remote backup to tape and network boot of partition . . . . . . . . . . . . . 654 20-10 Local backup to CD/DVD and using that image for a new partition . . . 659 20-11 Remote backup, remote install, and network boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 661 20-12 Stand-alone system interaction with a partition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 666 22-1 Windows lab environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 701 22-2 Migration failure due to running server process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 703 22-3 Automatic server instance upgrade during migration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 703 22-4 Device driver upgrade requires reboot of the machine . . . . . . . . . . . . 704 22-5 Updating the server instance: applying the patch level . . . . . . . . . . . . 706xx IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  22. 22. 22-6 AIX lab environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708 Figures xxi
  23. 23. xxii IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  24. 24. NoticesThis information was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A.IBM® may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in other countries.Consult your local IBM representative for information about the products and services currently available inyour area. Any reference to an IBM product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that onlythat IBM product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product, program, or servicethat does not infringe any IBM intellectual property right may be used instead. However, it is the usersresponsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any non-IBM product, program, or service.IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document.The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents. You can send licenseinquiries, in writing, to:IBM Director of Licensing, IBM Corporation, North Castle Drive Armonk, NY 10504-1785 U.S.A.The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisionsare inconsistent with local law: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDESTHIS PUBLICATION "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT,MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimerof express or implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to you.This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically madeto the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM maymake improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication atany time without notice.Any references in this information to non-IBM Web sites are provided for convenience only and do not in anymanner serve as an endorsement of those Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of thematerials for this IBM product and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.IBM may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate withoutincurring any obligation to you.Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of those products, their publishedannouncements or other publicly available sources. IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirmthe accuracy of performance, compatibility or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions onthe capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products.This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. To illustrate themas completely as possible, the examples include the names of individuals, companies, brands, and products.All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual businessenterprise is entirely coincidental.COPYRIGHT LICENSE:This information contains sample application programs in source language, which illustrates programmingtechniques on various operating platforms. You may copy, modify, and distribute these sample programs inany form without payment to IBM, for the purposes of developing, using, marketing or distributing applicationprograms conforming to the application programming interface for the operating platform for which thesample programs are written. These examples have not been thoroughly tested under all conditions. IBM,therefore, cannot guarantee or imply reliability, serviceability, or function of these programs. You may copy,modify, and distribute these sample programs in any form without payment to IBM for the purposes ofdeveloping, using, marketing, or distributing application programs conforming to IBMs applicationprogramming interfaces.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2000, 2003, 2006. All rights reserved. xxiii
  25. 25. TrademarksThe following terms are trademarks of the International Business Machines Corporation in the United States,other countries, or both: Eserver DB2 PowerPC Eserver DFS™ PAL™ Redbooks™ (logo) DFSMShsm™ Redbooks eServer™ Enterprise Storage Server® RACF® iSeries™ ESCON® RS/6000® pSeries® HACMP™ S/390® xSeries® Informix® System Storage™ z/OS® IBM SysBack™ z/VM® Lotus® Notes® SANergy® zSeries® Lotus Tivoli® Enterprise™ Advanced Peer-to-Peer Micro Channel® Tivoli Enterprise Console® Networking® MVS™ Tivoli AFS® Notes TotalStorage® AIX® 5L™ OS/390® Versatile Storage Server™ AIX OS/400® WebSphere® Domino® Passport Advantage® DB2® Universal Database™ PowerPC® Reference Platform®The following terms are trademarks of other companies:eXchange™, IPX™, Java™, Java Naming and Directory Interface™, JVM™, ONC™, RSM™, Solaris™,Sun™, VSM™, and all Java-based trademarks are trademarks of Sun Microsystems™, Inc. in the UnitedStates, other countries, or both.Excel®, Microsoft®, MS-DOS®, Windows® server, Windows NT®, Windows, Win32®, and the Windowslogo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.Itanium®, Intel® logo, Intel Inside® logo, and Intel Centrino logo are trademarks or registered trademarks ofIntel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States, other countries, or both.UNIX® is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.Linux™ is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both.Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.xxiv IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  26. 26. Preface This IBM® Redbook describes how to integrate, install, configure, and operate the very latest IBM Tivoli® Storage Manager in heterogeneous environments. You will learn how to implement and operate IBM Tivoli Storage Manager. You should already have a conceptual understanding of IBM Tivoli Storage Manager. We show you how to set up and implement the software, covering basic and advanced topics for Windows-based, AIX®-based, and Linux-based operating system platforms. We demonstrate how to handle all of the important tasks necessary to protect your business: planning, client and server installation, operations, performance considerations, SAN environments, NDMP, and much more. This practical guide is intended for these audiences: system administrators, new to IBM Tivoli Storage Manager, who are asked to commence a basic IBM Tivoli Storage Manager implementation for the very first time; as well as administrators who want to learn more about the basic and advanced components and their implementation. This book is also a very valuable resource if you are planning to become a certified IBM Tivoli Storage Manager consultant. A companion redbook, IBM Tivoli Storage Management Concepts, SG24-4877, is available. It covers concepts, architecture, and systems management features of IBM Tivoli Storage Manager and shows complementary products available. That book is a useful general introduction for people who have had no previous exposure to IBM Tivoli Storage Manager.The team that wrote this redbook This redbook was produced by a team of specialists from around the world working at the International Technical Support Organization, San Jose Center. Charlotte Brooks is an IBM Certified IT Specialist and Project Leader for Storage Solutions at the International Technical Support Organization, San Jose Center. She has 15 years of experience with IBM in storage hardware and software support, deployment, and management. She has written many IBM Redbooks™, and has developed and taught IBM classes in all areas of storage and storage management. Before joining the ITSO in 2000, she was the Technical Support Manager for Tivoli Storage Manager in the Asia Pacific Region.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2000, 2003, 2006. All rights reserved. xxv
  27. 27. Peter McFarlane is an IT Infrastructure Consultant for andersenIT in Brisbane, Australia. He is a certified Tivoli Storage Manager Consultant and AIX Technical Expert. He has 28 years of experience in IT, including 22 years on UNIX platforms and 10 years on AIX and Tivoli Storage Manager. His areas of expertise include high availability, disaster recovery, and storage management. He is a certified Tivoli Storage Manager instructor. He is an author of the IBM Redbook IBM Versatile Storage Server™, SG24-2221. Norbert Pott is an IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Support Specialist in Germany. He works for the Tivoli Storage Manager back-end support team and provides support to customers worldwide. He has 24 years of experience with IBM, over 15 years of experience in IT, and more than 10 years of experience in the Tivoli Storage Manager product, starting with then ADSM Version 2.1.5. His areas of expertise include Tivoli Storage Manager client development skill and in-depth knowledge when it comes to problem determination. He is an author of the IBM Redbook IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Version 5.3 Technical Workshop Presentation Guide, SG24-6774. Eduardo Tomaz is an IT Specialist for IBM Global Services in Brazil, supporting IBM international accounts. He has five years of experience with IBM and Tivoli Storage Manager. His areas of expertise include consulting, planning, and implementation of IBM Tivoli Storage Manager backup solutions, storage management, and IBM Tivoli Data Protections for ERP, Mail, Database and Storage Agent for UNIX and Windows. He is an IBM Certified Deployment Professional - Tivoli Storage Manager V5.2 and V5.3, and IBM Certified Storage Administrator - Tivoli Storage Manager V5. Martin Trcka is an IT Consultant at GC System a.s., an IBM Business Partner in the Czech Republic. He has eight years of experience in the IT field. His areas of expertise include data protection, pSeries® and AIX, and highly available clusters. He holds several certifications, including IBM Certified Deployment Professional - Tivoli Storage Manager 5.2, IBM Certified Advanced Technical Expert for pSeries and AIX 5L™, and IBM eServer™ Certified Systems Expert - pSeries HACMP™ for AIX 5L. Thanks to the following people for their contributions to this project: Jason Basler and Ashish Agarwal developed and provided Chapter 17, “Server-free data movement” on page 565. Jennifer Davis developed and provided the sections 20.2, “Using SysBack for Bare Machine Recovery” on page 639, and “Integrating SysBack™ for System Backup and Recovery with Tivoli Storage Manager”. The authors of the previous editions of this redbook are Aezil Andal, Arnold Balingit, Ross Battaglia, Charlotte Brooks, Dan Edwards, J.P. Houle, Mathisxxvi IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  28. 28. Landzettel, Armando Lemos da Silva Filho, Rod MacLeod, Andy Pattinson, Patrick Randall, Holger Speh, Phil Thomas, and Roland Tretau. Thanks to the following people for their invaluable contributions to this project: Emma Jacobs, Deanna Polm, Sangam Racherla, Julie Czubik International Technical Support Organization Betsy Colby, Mike Dile, Diana Duan, Rob Elder, Del Hoobler, Tricia Jiang, Holly King, Randy Larson, Len Ling, Zong Ling, Steven John Mann, Urs Moser, Charles Nichols, Kathy Pang, Brian Pendergrass, Rosa Plaza, Deanna Shaw, Jim Smith, John Viksne, Chris Zaremba IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Development and Marketing, IBM US Monika Doshi, Nicholas Wilhelm-Olsen, Chris Lueth Network Appliance, Inc.Figure 1 The team: Eduardo, Martin, Peter, Charlotte, and Norbert Preface xxvii
  29. 29. Become a published author Join us for a two- to six-week residency program! Help write an IBM Redbook dealing with specific products or solutions, while getting hands-on experience with leading-edge technologies. Youll team with IBM technical professionals, Business Partners, or customers. Your efforts will help increase product acceptance and client satisfaction. As a bonus, youll develop a network of contacts in IBM development labs, and increase your productivity and marketability. Find out more about the residency program, browse the residency index, and apply online at: ibm.com/redbooks/residencies.htmlComments welcome Your comments are important to us! We want our Redbooks to be as helpful as possible. Send us your comments about this or other Redbooks in one of the following ways: Use the online Contact us review redbook form found at: ibm.com/redbooks Send your comments in an email to: redbook@us.ibm.com Mail your comments to: IBM Corporation, International Technical Support Organization Dept. HYTD Mail Station P099 2455 South Road Poughkeepsie, NY 12601-5400xxviii IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide
  30. 30. Part 1Part 1 Introduction The objective of this book is to provide material describing how to implement and operate IBM Tivoli Storage Manager. We assume a basic knowledge of IBM Tivoli Storage Manager, which you can gain by reading the companion IBM Redbook, IBM Tivoli Storage Management Concepts, SG24-4877. A successful implementation of IBM Tivoli Storage Manager benefits enormously from planning prior to attempting to set up the environment. The planning for what equipment is needed (such as hardware platform, size of processor, network connectively, and tape library) should all have been done before trying to make IBM Tivoli Storage Manager work in an environment that may not be suitable.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1999, 2000, 2003, 2006. All rights reserved. 1
  31. 31. 2 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Implementation Guide

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