Ibm tivoli storage manager for databases data protection for oracle for unix and linux installation and user's guide version 5.5

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  • 1. Tivoli Storage Manager ® for DatabasesVersion 5 Release 5Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and LinuxInstallation and User’s Guide SC32-9064-04
  • 2. Tivoli Storage Manager ® for DatabasesVersion 5 Release 5Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and LinuxInstallation and User’s Guide SC32-9064-04
  • 3. Note Before using this information and the product it supports, read the general information under “Notices” on page 95.This edition applies to Version 5, Release 5, Modification 1.0, of IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases DataProtection for Oracle for AIX, Linux, HP-UX, or Solaris (product number 5608-APD) and to all subsequent releasesuntil otherwise indicated in new editions.© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 1997, 2008. All rights reserved.US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contractwith IBM Corp.
  • 4. Contents Summary of changes . . . . . . . . . v 3. Define Tivoli Storage Manager options in the| Technical changes for Version 5.5.1 . . . . . . . v dsm.opt and dsm.sys files . . . . . . . . . 47 Required options . . . . . . . . . . . 48 About this guide . . . . . . . . . . vii Other options to consider . . . . . . . . . 49 4. Define Tivoli Storage Manager policy Who should read this guide . . . . . . . . . vii requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii 5. Initialize the password with a Tivoli Storage IBM Tivoli Storage Manager library . . . . . vii Manager server . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Accessing terminology online . . . . . . . ix Accessing publications online . . . . . . . ix Ordering publications . . . . . . . . . . ix Chapter 4. Using RMAN and Data Tivoli Technical Training . . . . . . . . . ix Protection for Oracle. . . . . . . . . 55 Accessibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x Invoking RMAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Support information . . . . . . . . . . . . x Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Web site . . . . . x Script example . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases Web Using the Duplex Copy function . . . . . . . 56 site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x Removing old backups . . . . . . . . . . 58 Conventions used in this book . . . . . . . . x Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Typeface conventions . . . . . . . . . . x Reading syntax diagrams . . . . . . . . . . xi Chapter 5. Using the utilities . . . . . 59 Command line syntax and characteristics . . . . 59 Chapter 1. Introducing Data Protection TDPOCONF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 for Oracle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Password command . . . . . . . . . . 60 Understanding Tivoli Storage Manager . . . . . 1 Showenvironment command . . . . . . . 61 Overview of Data Protection for Oracle . . . . . 2 TDPOSYNC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 RMAN and Data Protection for Oracle . . . . . 2 Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 LAN-free data transfer . . . . . . . . . . 3 Syncdb Command . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Migration and coexistence . . . . . . . . . 3 Appendix A. Quick configuration guide 67 Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Appendix B. Using the Tivoli Storage AIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Manager scheduler . . . . . . . . . 69 AIX environment (64-bit) . . . . . . . . . 6 Setting up a schedule . . . . . . . . . . . 69 HP-UX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Part I: On the Tivoli Storage Manager server . . 70 HP-UX PA-RISC environment (64-bit) . . . . . 9 Part II: On the client machine (NodeA1) . . . . 70 HP-UX Itanium 2 environment (64-bit) . . . . 12 Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Appendix C. Support information . . . 73 Linux x86 environment (32-bit) . . . . . . . 15 What to do when you encounter a problem . . . 73 Linux x86_64 environment . . . . . . . . 18 Searching knowledge bases . . . . . . . . . 75| Linux Itanium 64 environment . . . . . . . 21 Searching the information center . . . . . . 75 Linux on POWER environment . . . . . . . 24 Searching the Internet . . . . . . . . . . 75 Linux zSeries environment (64-bit) . . . . . . 27 Obtaining fixes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Solaris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Receiving weekly support updates . . . . . . 76 Solaris SPARC environment (32-bit) . . . . . 30 Contacting IBM Software Support . . . . . . . 76 Solaris SPARC environment (64-bit) . . . . . 33 Determining the business impact . . . . . . 77 Solaris x86 environment (32-bit) . . . . . . 36 Describing problems and gathering information 78 Solaris x86_64 environment . . . . . . . . 39 Submitting problems . . . . . . . . . . 78 Chapter 3. Configuring Data Protection Appendix D. Accessibility . . . . . . 81 for Oracle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Navigating the interface using the keyboard . . . 81 1. Define Data Protection for Oracle options in the Magnifying what is displayed on the screen . . . 81 tdpo.opt file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Available options . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Appendix E. Messages . . . . . . . . 83 2. Register the Data Protection for Oracle node to a Tivoli Storage Manager server . . . . . . . . 46 © Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 iii
  • 5. Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97iv IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 6. Summary of changes This section summarizes changes made to the Data Protection for Oracle product and this publication. Changes to the text since the SC32-9064-03 version are indicated by vertical lines (|) in the margin to the left of the change.| Technical changes for Version 5.5.1| The following changes have been made to this publication:| Encryption status logged| Encryption status for backup objects is now logged in Data Protection for| Oracle messages and in the Tivoli Storage Manager server activity log file.| See the description of the encryptkey and enableclientencryptkey options in| “Other options to consider” on page 49 for detailed information.| LAN-free status logged| LAN-free status for backup objects is now logged in Data Protection for| Oracle messages and in the Tivoli Storage Manager server activity log file.| See the description of the enablelanfree option in “Other options to| consider” on page 49 for detailed information.| Throughput statistics logged| Throughput statistics for backup objects are now logged in Data Protection| for Oracle messages and in the Tivoli Storage Manager server activity log| file. See the description of the compression option in “Other options to| consider” on page 49 for detailed information.| Operating system support| Support for these operating systems is provided in this release of Data| Protection for Oracle:| v AIX 6.1| v HP-UX 11i v3 on PA-RISC (64-bit) and Itanium® 2 (64-bit) architecture.| v Oracle Unbreakable Linux®| v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 on Intel Itanium 64-bit architecture.| v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 on Intel® x86, Intel x86_64, Linux on| POWER, Linux zSeries®, and Linux Itanium architecture.| v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 on Linux Itanium architecture.| v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 on Linux on POWER, Linux zSeries,| and Linux Itanium architecture.| See Chapter 2, “Installing Data Protection for Oracle,” on page 5 for| detailed requirement information.| Oracle Database 11g support| Support for Oracle Database 11g on these architectures is provided in this| release of Data Protection for Oracle:| v AIX (64-bit)| v HP-UX PA-RISC (64-bit) and Itanium 2 (64-bit)| v Solaris SPARC (64-bit)| v Linux x86 and x86_64 © Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 v
  • 7. | See Chapter 2, “Installing Data Protection for Oracle,” on page 5 for| detailed requirement information.| License Acceptance Process (LAP) for Installanywhere| Data Protection for Oracle for HP-UX, Linux, and Solaris implements the| LAP during installation. The license agreement is displayed in the specified| language and must be accepted in order to proceed with the installation| process. If the license agreement is not accepted, the installation process| ends and Data Protection for Oracle is not installed. vi IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 8. About this guide The subject of this publication is Data Protection for Oracle, a component of the IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases product. Data Protection for Oracle performs online or offline backups of Oracle 9i and Oracle 10g databases to Tivoli Storage Manager storage. This integration with the RMAN Media Management API maximizes the protection of data, thus providing a comprehensive storage management solution. Tivoli Storage Manager is a client-server licensed product that provides storage management services in a multi-platform computer environment.Who should read this guide The target audience for this publication are system installers, system users, Oracle database administrators, Tivoli Storage Manager administrators, and system administrators. In this book, it is assumed that you have an understanding of the following applications: v Oracle Server v Tivoli Storage Manager server v Tivoli Storage Manager backup-archive client v Tivoli Storage Manager Application Program Interface It is also assumed that you have an understanding of one of the following operating systems: v AIX® v HP-UX v Linux v Solaris Operating Environment (hereinafter referred to as Solaris)Publications This section lists related IBM Tivoli Storage Manager publications. It also describes how to access Tivoli® publications online and how to order Tivoli publications. IBM Tivoli Storage Manager library The following documents are available in the IBM Tivoli Storage Manager library: v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Windows Backup-Archive Client Installation and User’s Guide Provides information for an end-user to install, configure, and use the Tivoli Storage Manager client on Windows operating systems. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for UNIX and Linux Backup-Archive Clients Installation and User’s Guide Provides information for an end-user to install, configure, and use the Tivoli Storage Manager client on UNIX and Linux operating systems. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Windows Administrator’s Guide© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 vii
  • 9. Provides concepts and procedures for configuring and customizing the Tivoli Storage Manager server on Windows operating systems. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Windows Administrator’s Reference Provides details about administrative commands, server options, and server utilities for Tivoli Storage Manager server on Windows operating systems. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for AIX Administrator’s Guide Provides concepts and procedures for configuring and customizing the Tivoli Storage Manager server on AIX operating systems. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for AIX Administrator’s Reference Provides details about administrative commands, server options, and server utilities for Tivoli Storage Manager server on AIX operating systems. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Sun Solaris Administrator’s Guide Provides concepts and procedures for configuring and customizing the Tivoli Storage Manager server on Sun Solaris operating systems. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Sun Solaris Administrator’s Reference Provides details about administrative commands, server options, and server utilities for Tivoli Storage Manager server on Sun Solaris operating systems. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Messages Provides explanations and suggested actions for messages issued by the Tivoli Storage Manager server program for storage management services, the administrative client graphical user interface, administrative command line client, data protection clients, and backup-archive client. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager: Problem Determination Guide This guide describes how to diagnose problems with Tivoli Storage Manager. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Using the Application Program Interface Provides information to help you add Tivoli Storage Manager application program interface calls to an existing application and to write programs with general-use program interfaces that obtain the services of Tivoli Storage Manager. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for SAN for AIX Storage Agent User’s Guide Provides an overview of LAN-free data transfer and detailed explanations about configuring and using the Tivoli Storage Manager client, storage agent, and server. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for SAN for HP-UX Storage Agent User’s Guide Provides an overview of LAN-free data transfer and detailed explanations about configuring and using the Tivoli Storage Manager client, storage agent, and server. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for SAN for Linux Storage Agent User’s Guide Provides an overview of LAN-free data transfer and detailed explanations about configuring and using the Tivoli Storage Manager client, storage agent, and server. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for SAN for Sun Solaris Storage Agent User’s Guide Provides an overview of LAN-free data transfer and detailed explanations about configuring and using the Tivoli Storage Manager client, storage agent, and server. v IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for SAN for Windows Storage Agent User’s Guide Provides an overview of LAN-free data transfer and detailed explanations about configuring and using the Tivoli Storage Manager client, storage agent, and server.viii IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 10. Accessing terminology online The Tivoli Software Glossary includes definitions for many of the technical terms related to Tivoli software. The Tivoli Software Glossary is available at the following Tivoli software library Web site: http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/tividd/glossary/tivoliglossarymst.htm The IBM Terminology Web site consolidates the terminology from IBM product libraries in one convenient location. You can access the Terminology Web site at the following Web address: http://www.ibm.com/ibm/terminologyAccessing publications online The product CD contains the publications that are in the product library. The format of the publications is PDF, HTML, or both. To access the publications using a Web browser, open the infocenter.html file. The file is in the appropriate publications directory on the product CD. IBM® posts publications for this and all other Tivoli products, as they become available and whenever they are updated, to the Tivoli software information center Web site. Access the Tivoli software information center by first going to the Tivoli software library at the following Web address: http://www.ibm.com/software/tivoli/library/ Scroll down and click the Product manuals link. In the Tivoli Technical Product Documents Alphabetical Listing window, click the <Tivoli Storage Manager> link to access the product library at the Tivoli software information center. Note: If you print PDF documents on other than letter-sized paper, set the option in the File → Print window that allows Adobe Reader to print letter-sized pages on your local paper.Ordering publications You can order many Tivoli publications online at the following Web site: http://www.elink.ibmlink.ibm.com/public/applications/ publications/cgibin/pbi.cgi You can also order by telephone by calling one of these numbers: v In the United States: 800-879-2755 v In Canada: 800-426-4968 In other countries, contact your software account representative to order Tivoli publications.Tivoli Technical Training For Tivoli technical training information, refer to the following IBM Tivoli Education Web site: http://www.ibm.com/software/tivoli/education About this guide ix
  • 11. Accessibility Accessibility features help users with a physical disability, such as restricted mobility or limited vision, to use software products successfully. With this product, you can use assistive technologies to hear and navigate the interface. You can also use the keyboard instead of the mouse to operate all features of the graphical user interface. For additional information, see the appendix, Appendix D, “Accessibility,” on page 81.Support information If you have a problem with your IBM software, you want to resolve it quickly. IBM provides the following ways for you to obtain the support you need: v Searching knowledge bases: You can search across a large collection of known problems and workarounds, Technotes, and other information. v Obtaining fixes: You can locate the latest fixes that are already available for your product. v Contacting IBM Software Support: If you still cannot solve your problem, and you need to work with someone from IBM, you can use a variety of ways to contact IBM Software Support. For more information about these three ways of resolving problems, see Appendix C, “Support information,” on page 73. IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Web site Technical support information and publications are available at the following address: http://www.ibm.com/software/sysmgmt/products/support/ IBMTivoliStorageManager.html By accessing the Tivoli Storage Manager home page, you can access subjects that interest you. You can also keep up-to-date with the newest Tivoli Storage Manager product information. IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases Web site The IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases Web site contains a knowledge base of articles and information related to backup and restore issues. Access this information at: www.ibm.com/software/sysmgmt/products/support/ IBMTivoliStorageManagerforDatabases.htmlConventions used in this book This guide uses several conventions for special terms and actions, operating system-dependent commands and paths. Typeface conventions This guide uses the following typeface conventions: Bold v Commands, keywords, authorization roles, or other information that you must use.x IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 12. v Example: Log on to the server as root user. italics v Values or variables that you must provide. v Emphasized words and phrases. v Example: The node name of the production node and backup node must not be the same. bold italics v Options and parameters. v Example: Specify the value for the compression option. monospace v Directories, parameters, URLs, and output examples. v Example: The product is installed in the /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/ba/bin directory. UPPER CASE v Environment variables associated with Tivoli Storage Manager, operating systems, or Oracle Server. v Example: Make sure the DSM_DIR environment variable is set correctly.Reading syntax diagrams This section describes how to read the syntax diagrams used in this book. To read a syntax diagram, follow the path of the line. Read from left to right, and top to bottom. v The ─── symbol indicates the beginning of a syntax diagram. v The ─── symbol at the end of a line indicates the syntax diagram continues on the next line. v The ─── symbol at the beginning of a line indicates a syntax diagram continues from the previous line. v The ─── symbol indicates the end of a syntax diagram. Syntax items, such as a keyword or variable, can be: v On the line (required element) v Above the line (default element) v Below the line (optional element). Syntax Diagram Description Example Abbreviations: KEYWOrd Uppercase letters denote the shortest acceptable truncation. If an item appears entirely in uppercase letters, it cannot be truncated. You can type the item in any combination of uppercase or lowercase letters. In this example, you can enter KEYWO, KEYWORD, or KEYWOrd. About this guide xi
  • 13. Syntax Diagram Description Example Symbols: * Asterisk {} Braces Enter these symbols exactly as they appear in : Colon the syntax diagram. , Comma = Equal Sign - Hyphen () Parentheses . Period Space Variables: KEYWOrd var_name Italicized lowercase items (var_name) denote variables. In this example, you can specify a var_name when you enter the KEYWORD command. Repetition: An arrow returning to the left means you can repeat the item. repeat A character or space within the arrow means , you must separate repeated items with that character or space. repeat A footnote by the arrow references the number of times you can repeat the item. (1) repeat Notes: 1 Specify repeat as many as 5 times. Required Choices: A When two or more items are in a stack and B one of them is on the line, you must specify C one item. In this example, you must choose A, B, or C. Optional Choice: When an item is below the line, that item is A optional. In the first example, you can choose A or nothing at all. A When two or more items are in a stack below B the line, all of them are optional. In the C second example, you can choose A, B, C, or nothing at all.xii IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 14. Syntax Diagram Description ExampleDefaults: ADefaults are above the line. The default isselected unless you override it. You can Boverride the default by including an option Cfrom the stack below the line.In this example, A is the default. You canoverride A by choosing B or C. You can alsospecify the default explicitly.Repeatable Choices:A stack of items followed by an arrowreturning to the left means you can select Amore than one item or, in some cases, repeat Ba single item. CIn this example, you can choose anycombination of A, B, or C.Syntax Fragments: The fragment nameSome diagrams, because of their length, mustfragment the syntax. The fragment name The fragment name:appears between vertical bars in the diagram.The expanded fragment appears between Avertical bars in the diagram after a headingwith the same fragment name. B C About this guide xiii
  • 15. xiv IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 16. Chapter 1. Introducing Data Protection for Oracle This section provides a brief overview of Tivoli Storage Manager and Data Protection for Oracle.Understanding Tivoli Storage Manager Tivoli Storage Manager is a client/server program that provides storage management services in a multi-vendor, multi-platform computer environment. Tivoli Storage Manager provides these functions: v Reduces network complexity Tivoli Storage Manager reduces network complexity with interfaces and functions that span network environments. This provides consistency across different operating systems and hardware. v Increases administrator productivity Tivoli Storage Manager can reduce the cost of network administration by allowing administrators to perform these actions: – Automate repetitive processes – Schedule unattended processes – Administer Tivoli Storage Manager from anywhere in the network v Reduces the risk of data loss Many users do not back up their data. Other users apply stand-alone backup techniques with diskettes and tapes as the only protection for business data. These backup systems often produce disappointing results during recovery operations. Tivoli Storage Manager schedules routine backups that enable users to recover from accidental data deletion without administrator involvement. v Optimizes existing storage resources Tivoli Storage Manager allows users to move files from client file systems to Tivoli Storage Manager storage. This saves space on client file systems and can eliminate the expense of upgrading client storage hardware. Tivoli Storage Manager monitors client storage space and moves files from client file systems to Tivoli Storage Manager storage if an out-of-space condition threatens. This function can also eliminate the expense of client hardware upgrades. Tivoli Storage Manager provides these services: v Backup and restore services These services generate backup copies of data at specified intervals and restores the data from these copies when required. These services protect against workstation or file server media failure, accidental file deletion, data corruption, data vandalism, or site disasters. v Archive and retrieve services These services provide backup-archive clients with point-in-time copies of data for long-term storage.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 1
  • 17. v Server hierarchical storage management services These services migrate client files from expensive storage media to less expensive storage media (from disk to tape, for example). Administrator-defined thresholds determine file migration for each storage pool. Migration applies to all backup and archive client files. v Automation services Tivoli Storage Manager administrators can increase productivity by automating common storage administration tasks. v Administration services Tivoli Storage Manager administration services provide support for routine monitoring, administration, and accounting. Administrators can manage the server from another system or the same system. The Tivoli Storage Manager utilities allow the administrator to perform these functions: – Set client and server options – Define devices – Format storage volumes – Add additional clients – Label tape volumes Tivoli Storage Manager monitors scheduled operations and maintains status information in the database. An administrator can export data to removable media. This data can be imported by another server, making the export and import features a convenient utility for moving server data. The administrator can specify the accounting option generated at the end of each client session. v Security services Security services control user access to Tivoli Storage Manager data, storage, policy definitions, and administrative commands. v Disaster recovery management Disaster recovery management helps the administrator implement a comprehensive backup and recovery procedure for important business applications, data, and records. Overview of Data Protection for Oracle| Data Protection for Oracle currently supports Oracle 9i, Oracle 10g, and Oracle 11g| databases with the Oracle Recovery Manager (RMAN). See Chapter 2, “Installing| Data Protection for Oracle,” on page 5 for specific levels of supported Oracle| databases. RMAN and Data Protection for Oracle RMAN provides consistent and secure backup, restore, and recovery performance for Oracle databases. While the Oracle RMAN initiates a backup or restore, Data Protection for Oracle acts as the interface to the Tivoli Storage Manager server . The Tivoli Storage Manager server then applies administrator-defined storage management policies to the data. Data Protection for Oracle implements the Oracle defined Media Management application program interface (SBTAPI) 2.0. This SBTAPI interfaces with RMAN and translates Oracle commands into Tivoli Storage Manager API calls to the Tivoli Storage Manager server. With the use of RMAN, Data Protection for Oracle allows you to perform the following functions: v Full and incremental backup function for the following while online or offline: – Databases 2 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 18. – Tablespaces – Datafiles – Archive log files – Control files v Full database restores while offline v Tablespace and datafile restore while online or offline LAN-free data transfer Data Protection for Oracle supports backup and restore operations in a LAN-free environment. This environment shifts the movement of data from the communications network to a storage area network (SAN). Data moves over the SAN to a SAN-attached storage device by the Tivoli Storage Manager Storage Agent. Running Data Protection for Oracle in a LAN-free environment avoids constraints of the network and decreases the load on the Tivoli Storage Manager server, allowing the server to support a greater number of simultaneous connections. Before enabling LAN-free support, you must install the Tivoli Storage Manager Managed System for SAN Storage Agent on the same system as Data Protection for Oracle. See the IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for SAN for your operating environment for more information about LAN-free requirements. Migration and coexistence v Existing backups created using Data Protection for Oracle Version 2.2.0 and 2.2.1 are restorable using Data Protection for Oracle 5.5.1. v Data Protection for Oracle relies heavily on the tdpo.opt file for accuracy in setup and maintenance. The contents of the tdpo.opt file are different than the environment variables used with Data Protection for Oracle Version 2.1. Therefore, Version 2.1 RMAN scripts for environment variables are ignored. For more information, see Chapter 3, “Configuring Data Protection for Oracle,” on page 43 or “Scripts” on page 56.| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later) and the Tivoli Storage| Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later) are required. Chapter 1. Introducing Data Protection for Oracle 3
  • 19. 4 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 20. Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle Review these guidelines and requirements before attempting to install Data Protection for Oracle:| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later) is configured.| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later) is installed. The required| version of the Tivoli Storage Manager API is included in the Data Protection for| Oracle product media. v Determine the appropriate Data Protection for Oracle bit size to use by identifying the bit size of your Oracle target database. For example, if you are using a 32-bit Oracle target database, you must use a 32-bit version of Data Protection for Oracle. If you are using a 64-bit Oracle target database, you must use a 64-bit version of Data Protection for Oracle. The Data Protection for Oracle bit size is not determined by the bit size of your operating system. v Any previous version of Data Protection for Oracle or the Tivoli Storage Manager API must be uninstalled before installing a new or updated version. If you are installing a PTF version of Data Protection for Oracle, do not remove the license file from the previous version. The PTF driver does not contain a license. Attention: A root user must install the Tivoli Storage Manager API before installing Data Protection for Oracle on the workstation where the target database resides. After Data Protection for Oracle is installed, see Chapter 3, “Configuring Data Protection for Oracle,” on page 43 for detailed task instructions you must perform before attempting to back up data.. Note: If you would like to configure Data Protection for Oracle using default settings, see Appendix A, “Quick configuration guide,” on page 67 for instructions. Important See the readmedporc_enu.htm file that is shipped on the product installation media for the most current information. © Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 5
  • 21. AIX AIX environment (64-bit) This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in an AIX 5L™ environment. Operating system requirements| One of the following AIX operating systems:| v AIX 5.3 (64-bit)| v AIX 6.1 (64-bit) Hardware requirements| v Any RS/6000, pSeries or IBM System p, iSeries or IBM System i, or compatible| workstation as supported by AIX v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 64 MB (128 MB or more recommended) Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later) v One of the following levels of Oracle Server: – Oracle9i Version 9.2 (64-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 1 (64-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 2 (64-bit)| – Oracle 11g (64-bit) on AIX 5.3 (64-bit) only Communication methods v TCP/IP| v Shared memory| Note: Data Protection for Oracle and the Tivoli Storage Manager server must be| installed on the same machine in order for shared memory to work.| TCP/IP must also be installed on the machine. 6 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 22. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on AIX 64-bitAll installables on the CD reside under the /cdrom/usr/sys/inst.images directory.Table 1. AIX 5L 64-bit Default Installation DirectoriesAIX Default Installation DirectoriesData Protection for Oracle 64-bit /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64Data Protection for Oracle /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64UtilitiesTivoli Storage Manager API /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin6464-bitTable 2. Data Protection for Oracle AIX 5L 64-bit, Utilities, Languages, and Tivoli StorageManager API Package NamesPackage Package NameData Protection for Oracle 64-bit tivoli.tsm.client.oracle.aix.64bitData Protection for Oracle tivoli.tsm.client.oracle.tools.aix.64bitUtilitiesElectronic License Agreement tivoli.tsm.loc.client.oracle.aix.64bit.elaData Protection for Oracle tivoli.tsm.client.oracle.msg.aix.64bit.xx_XXLanguagesTivoli Storage Manager API tivoli.tsm.client.api.aix.64bit64-bitTivoli Storage Manager API tivoli.tsm.msg.xx_XX.client.api.64bitLanguagesFollow these instructions to install Data Protection for Oracle. This exampleassumes that your CD drive is /dev/cd0. 1. Insert the CD containing the client package into the CD drive. 2. Log in as the root user. 3. Enter smitty install at the command prompt. 4. Select Install and Update Software. Press Enter. 5. Select Install and Update from ALL Available Software. Press Enter. 6. Enter /dev/cd0 in the Entry Field for INPUT device / directory for software. Press Enter. 7. Highlight the SOFTWARE to install option. Press F4 to list available software. 8. Select the installable packages by performing the following: a. Highlight the Data Protection for Oracle package (tivoli.tsm.client.oracle.aix.64bit) and press F7. b. Highlight the Data Protection for Oracle utilities package (tivoli.tsm.client.oracle.tools.aix.64bit) and press F7. c. Highlight the Tivoli Storage Manager API package (tivoli.tsm.client.api.aix.64bit) and press F7. d. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, highlight the desired language package (tivoli.tsm.client.oracle.msg.aix.64bit.xx_XX) and press F7. Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (tivoli.tsm.msg.xx_XX.client.api.64bit) is also installed. Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 7
  • 23. e. Highlight the Electronic License Agreement (tivoli.tsm.loc.client.oracle.aix.64bit.ela) and press F7. 1) Make sure you set ACCEPT new license agreements? to Yes. (The default is No). You can also specify the -Y option with the installp command. 2) Set Preview new license agreements? to No (the default value) for the installation to proceed. 3) If Preview new license agreements? is set to Yes, the installation will enter preview mode but Data Protection for Oracle does not install. Preview new license agreements? must be set to No for Data Protection for Oracle to install. After all five packages are selected, press Enter. 9. When the Install and Update from LATEST Available Software window displays, press Enter. 10. A window displays and prompts you with this message: ARE YOU SURE? Press Enter to continue the installation procedure. 11. After successfully installing Data Protection for Oracle, press F10 to exit the smitty install environment. You can view the Summary for more information regarding the installation. 12. Link the Oracle target database instance with Data Protection for Oracle by performing the following steps: a. Set the Oracle LD_LIBRARY_PATH option to specify $ORACLE_HOME/lib as the first entry: LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib b. Shut down all Oracle instances that use $ORACLE_HOME. c. Go to the $ORACLE_HOME/lib directory. d. Symbolically link the library file to libobk.a: $ ln -s /usr/lib/libobk64.a $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.a e. Start the Oracle instances.8 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 24. HP-UX HP-UX PA-RISC environment (64-bit) This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in an HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit environment. Operating system requirements One of the following levels of HP-UX 64-bit operating system: v HP-UX 11i v2 (64-bit)| v HP-UX 11i v3 (64-bit) Hardware requirements v Any HP 9000 Series 700 or 800 workstation v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 96 MB Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later)| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v One of the following levels of Oracle Server: – Oracle9i Version 9.2 (64-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 1 (64-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 2 (64-bit)| – Oracle 11g (64-bit) Communication methods v TCP/IP| v Shared memory| Note: Data Protection for Oracle and the Tivoli Storage Manager server must be| installed on the same machine in order for shared memory to work.| TCP/IP must also be installed on the machine. Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 9
  • 25. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/hpux11/ directory. Table 3. HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit Default Installation Directories HP-UX Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64 Table 4. Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit base code, TDPOracle64.bin license, utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API TIVsmCapi64 Tivoli Storage Manager API Languages TIVsmC.msg.xx_XX To install: 1. Log in as the root user: # su Password: Enter your password. 2. Create a directory for mounting the CD. Set the appropriate permission to the directory: # mkdir /cdrom # chmod 755 /cdrom 3. Insert the CD into the drive and mount the CD: # mount -r -F hsfs <device_name> /cdrom Enter your device_name for the CD in this command. An example of device_name is /dev/dsk/c1t2d0.| 4. Issue this command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ swinstall -v -s /cdrom/oracle/hpux11/api/TIVsmCapi64||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language:| $ swinstall -v -s /cdrom/oracle/hpux11/api/TIVsmC.msg.xx_XX|| 10 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 26. | Note: xx_XX represents the country code for the language contents of the| package.| 5. Change to the /cdrom/oracle/hpux11 directory where the Data Protection for| Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd /cdrom/oracle/hpux11||| 6. Enter the name of the installable file (TDPOracle64.bin) on the command line| and press Enter to install the Data Protection for Oracle product, utilities, and| license:| $ TDPOracle64.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPOracle64.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPOracle64.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPOracle64.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different than TDPOracle64.bin. 7. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the installable file for the desired language (TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsmC.msg.xx_XX) is also installed. 8. Link the Oracle target database instance with Data Protection for Oracle by performing the following steps: a. Set the Oracle LD_LIBRARY_PATH option to specify $ORACLE_HOME/lib as the first entry: LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib b. Shut down all Oracle instances that use $ORACLE_HOME. c. Go to the $ORACLE_HOME/lib directory. d. Symbolically link the library file to libobk.sl: $ ln -s /usr/lib/pa20_64/libobk.sl $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.sl e. Start the Oracle instances. Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 11
  • 27. HP-UX Itanium 2 environment (64-bit) This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in an HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit environment. Operating system requirements The following level of HP-UX operating system: v HP-UX 11i v2 (11.23) 64-bit| v HP-UX 11i v3 64-bit Hardware requirements v An HP Integrity server with an Itanium 2 processor v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 96 MB Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later)| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v One of the following levels of Oracle Server: – Oracle 10g Release 1 (64-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 2 (64-bit)| – Oracle 11g (64-bit) Communication methods v TCP/IP| v Shared memory| Note: Data Protection for Oracle and the Tivoli Storage Manager server must be| installed on the same machine in order for shared memory to work.| TCP/IP must also be installed on the machine. 12 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 28. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/hpuxia/ directory. Table 5. HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit Default Installation Directories HP-UX Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64 Table 6. Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit base code, TDPOracle64.bin license, utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDPOracle64.msg.xx_XX.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API TIVsmCapi64 Tivoli Storage Manager API Languages TIVsmC.msg.xx_XX To install: 1. Log in as the root user: # su Password: Enter your password. 2. Create a directory for mounting the CD. Set the appropriate permission to the directory: # mkdir /cdrom # chmod 755 /cdrom 3. Insert the CD into the drive and mount the CD: # mount -r -F hsfs <device_name> /cdrom Enter your device_name for the CD in this command. An example of device_name is /dev/dsk/c1t2d0.| 4. Issue this command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ swinstall -v -s /cdrom/oracle/hpuxia/api/TIVsmCapi64||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language:| $ swinstall -v -s /cdrom/oracle/hpuxia/api/TIVsmC.msg.xx_XX|| Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 13
  • 29. | Note: xx_XX represents the country code for the language contents of the| package.| 5. Change to the /cdrom/oracle/hpuxia directory where the Data Protection for| Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd /cdrom/oracle/hpuxia||| 6. Enter the name of the installable file (TDPOracle64.bin) on the command line| and press Enter to install the Data Protection for Oracle product, utilities, and| license:| $ TDPOracle64.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPOracle64.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPOracle64.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPOracle64.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different than TDPOracle64.bin. 7. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the desired language (TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsmC.msg.xx_XX) is also installed. 8. Link the Oracle target database instance with Data Protection for Oracle by performing the following steps: a. Set the Oracle LD_LIBRARY_PATH option to specify $ORACLE_HOME/lib as the first entry: LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib b. Shut down all Oracle instances that use $ORACLE_HOME. c. Go to the $ORACLE_HOME/lib directory. d. Symbolically link the library file to libobk.so: $ ln -s /usr/lib/hpux64/libobk.so $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.so e. Start the Oracle instances. 14 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 30. Linux Linux x86 environment (32-bit) This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in a Linux on Intel x86 32-bit environment. Operating system requirements One of the following levels of Linux 32-bit operating system: v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 (32-bit)| v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 (32-bit) v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 (32-bit) v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 (32-bit) v Asianux 2.0 (32-bit) Hardware requirements v Any Intel x86 (or compatible) 32-bit workstation v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 64 MB (128 MB or more recommended) Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later)| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v One of the following levels of Oracle Server: – Oracle9i Version 9.2 (32-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 1 (32-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 2 (32-bit)| – Oracle 11g (32-bit) Table 7. Supported Oracle Server and operating system combinations for Linux x86 32-bit Oracle 9i Version 9.2 Oracle 10g Release 1 Oracle 10g Release 2 (32-bit) (32-bit) (32-bit) Asianux 2.0 (32-bit) U U U SuSE Linux Enterprise U U U Server 9 (32-bit) SuSE Linux Enterprise U Server 10 (32-bit) Linux Red Flag Advanced U U Server 4.1 (32-bit) Communication methods v TCP/IP Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 15
  • 31. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on Linux x86 All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/linux86/ directory. Table 8. Linux x86 Default Installation Directories Linux Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle 32-bit /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin 32-bit Table 9. Data Protection for Oracle Linux x86 and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle 32-bit base code, TDP-Oracle.i386.bin license, and utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API 32-bit TIVsm-API.i386.rpm Tivoli Storage Manager API Languages TIVsm-.msg.xx_XX.i386.rpm This installation procedure is designed to install directly from the Data Protection for Oracle CD: 1. Log in as the root user. 2. Mount the Data Protection for Oracle CD to /cdrom: $ mount <device name> /cdrom| 3. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linux86/api directory where the Tivoli Storage| Manager API installation package resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linux86/api||| 4. Issue the following command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ rpm -i TIVsm-API.i386.rpm||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language:| $ rpm -i TIVsm-.msg.xx_XX.i386.rpm||| Note: xx_XX represents the country code for the language contents of the| package.| 5. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linux86 directory where the Data Protection for| Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linux86||| 6. Enter the name of the installable file (TDP-Oracle.i386.bin) on the command| line and press Enter to install Data Protection for Oracle: 16 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 32. | $ TDP-Oracle.i386.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.i386.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.i386.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.i386.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different than TDP-Oracle.i386.bin. 7. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the desired language (TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsm-.msg.xx_XX.i386.rpm) is also installed. Note that the libobk.so library file is located automatically based on the link that the installation program places in the /usr/lib directory. Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 17
  • 33. Linux x86_64 environment This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in a Linux x86_64 environment. Operating system requirements One of the following levels of Linux operating system: v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 (64-bit)| v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 (64-bit) v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 (64-bit) v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 (64-bit) Hardware requirements v Any Intel EM64T or Opteron AMD64 (or compatible) processor v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 64 MB (128 MB or more recommended) Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later)| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v One of the following levels of Oracle Server: – Oracle9i Version 9.2 (64-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 1 (64-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 2 (64-bit)| – Oracle 11g (64-bit) Table 10. Supported Oracle Server and operating system combinations for Linux x86_64| Oracle 9i Version Oracle 10g Oracle 10g Oracle 11g| 9.2 (64-bit) Release 1 (64-bit) Release 2 (64-bit) (64-bit) Asianux 2.0 (64-bit) U U U SuSE Linux Enterprise U U U Server 9 (64-bit) SuSE Linux Enterprise U Server 10 (64-bit)| Red Hat Enterprise Linux U| 5 (64-bit) Communication methods v TCP/IP 18 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 34. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on Linux x86_64 All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/linux86_64 directory. Table 11. Linux x86_64 Default Installation Directories Linux Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Linux x86_64 Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64 Table 12. Data Protection for Oracle Linux x86_64 and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle Linux x86_64 base TDP-Oracle.x86_64.bin code, license, utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.x86_64.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API Linux x86_64 TIVsm-API64.i386.rpm Tivoli Storage Manager API Languages TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.i386.rpm This installation procedure is designed to install directly from the Data Protection for Oracle CD: 1. Log in as the root user on the machine with the accessible CD device. 2. Mount the Data Protection for Oracle CD to /cdrom: $ mount <device name> /cdrom 3. Mount /cdrom to the /cdrom directory on the Linux zSeries machine. The /cdrom directory must already exist on the Linux zSeries machine: $ mount -o soft hostname:/cdrom /cdrom Note: hostname is the machine with the accessible CD device identified in Step 1.| 4. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linux86_64/api directory where the installation| package resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linux86_64/api||| 5. Issue the following command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ rpm -i TIVsm-API64.x86_64.rpm||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language:| $ rpm -i TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.i386.rpm|| Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 19
  • 35. | Note: xx_XX represents the country code for the language contents of the| package.| 6. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linux86_64 directory where the Data Protection| for Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linux86_64||| Note <cdrom> is the drive where the CD is mounted.| 7. Enter the name of the installable file (TDP-Oracle.x86_64.bin) on the command| line and press Enter to install Data Protection for Oracle:| $ TDP-Oracle.x86_64.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.x86_64.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.x86_64.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.x86_64.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different from TDP-Oracle.x86_64.bin. 8. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the desired language (TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.x86_64.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.x86_64.rpm) is also installed. Note: The libobk.so library file is located automatically based on the link that the installation program places in the /usr/lib64 directory. 20 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 36. | Linux Itanium 64 environment| This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication| requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in a Linux Itanium 64| environment.| Operating system requirements| One of the following levels of Linux operating system:| v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 (64-bit)| v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 (64-bit)| v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 (64-bit)| v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 (64-bit)| Hardware requirements| v Any Intel Itanium 64-bit Symmetric Multiprocessor or uniprocessor based PC| architecture (or compatible)| v Disk space: 20 MB| v Memory: 128 MB (or more)| Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later)| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program.| v One of the following levels of Oracle Server:| – Oracle 10g Release 1 (64-bit)| – Oracle 10g Release 2 (64-bit)| Communication methods| v TCP/IP| Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 21
  • 37. | Installing Data Protection for Oracle on Linux Itanium 64| All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/linuxia64 directory.| Table 13. Linux Itanium 64 Default Installation Directories| Linux Default Installation Directories| Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64| Linux Itanium 64| Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64| Utilities| Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64| Messages| Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64|| Table 14. Data Protection for Oracle Linux Itanium 64 and Tivoli Storage Manager| installable files and packages| Component Installable file or package| Data Protection for Oracle Linux Itanium 64 TDP-Oracle.ia64.bin| base code, license, utilities| Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.ia64.bin| Tivoli Storage Manager API Linux Itanium 64 TIVsm-API64.ia64.rpm| Tivoli Storage Manager API Languages TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.ia64.rpm|| This installation procedure is designed to install directly from the Data Protection| for Oracle CD:| 1. Log in as the root user on the machine with the accessible CD device.| 2. Mount the Data Protection for Oracle CD to /cdrom:| $ mount <device name> /cdrom||| 3. Mount /cdrom to the /cdrom directory on the Linux zSeries machine. The /cdrom| directory must already exist on the Linux zSeries machine:| $ mount -o soft hostname:/cdrom /cdrom||| Note: hostname is the machine with the accessible CD device identified in Step| 1.| 4. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linuxia64/api directory where the Tivoli| Storage Manager API installation package resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linuxia64/api||| 5. Issue the following command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ rpm -i TIVsm-API64.ia64.rpm||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language:| $ rpm -i TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.ia64.rpm|| 22 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 38. | Note: xx_XX represents the country code for the language contents of the| package.| 6. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linuxia64 directory where the Data Protection| for Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linuxia64||| Note <cdrom> is the drive where the CD is mounted.| 7. Enter the name of the installable file (TDP-Oracle.ia64.bin) on the command| line and press Enter to install Data Protection for Oracle:| $ TDP-Oracle.ia64.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.ia64.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.ia64.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.ia64.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different than TDP-Oracle.ia64.bin.| 8. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than| English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the| desired language (TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.ia64.bin) on the command line and| press Enter:| $ TDPOracle.msg.xx_XX.ia64.bin||| Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired| language (TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.ia64.rpm) is also installed.| Note: The libobk.so library file is located automatically based on the link that the| installation program places in the /usr/lib64 directory.| Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 23
  • 39. Linux on POWER environment This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in a Linux on POWER™ environment. Operating system requirements One of the following levels of Linux operating system: v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4| v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9| v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 Hardware requirements v Any iSeries™, pSeries®, or Power 5 (or compatible) processor v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 96 MB Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later)| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v Oracle 10g Release 2 (64-bit) Communication methods v TCP/IP 24 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 40. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on Linux on POWER All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/linuxppc64 directory. Table 15. Linux on POWER Default Installation Directories Linux Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Linux on POWER Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64 Table 16. Data Protection for Oracle Linux on POWER and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle Linux on POWER TDP-Oracle64.ppc64.bin base code, license, utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDP-Oracle64.msg.xx_XX.ppc64.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API Linux on TIVsm-API.ppc64.rpm POWER Tivoli Storage Manager Languages TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.ppc64.rpm This installation procedure is designed to install directly from the Data Protection for Oracle CD: 1. Log in as the root user on the machine with the accessible CD device. 2. Mount the Data Protection for Oracle CD to /cdrom: $ mount <device name> /cdrom 3. Mount /cdrom to the /cdrom directory on the Linux machine. The /cdrom directory must already exist on the Linux machine: $ mount -o soft hostname:/cdrom /cdrom Note: hostname is the machine with the accessible CD device identified in Step 1.| 4. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linuxppc64/api directory where the Tivoli| Storage Manager API installation package resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linuxppc64/api||| Note <cdrom> is the drive where the CD is mounted.| 5. Issue the following command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ rpm -i TIVsm-API.ppc64.rpm||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language: Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 25
  • 41. | $ rpm -i TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.ppc64.rpm||| Note: xx_XX represents the country code for the language contents of the| package.| 6. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linuxppc64 directory where the Data Protection| for Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linuxppc64||| Note <cdrom> is the drive where the CD is mounted.| 7. Enter the name of the installable file (TDP-Oracle64.ppc64.bin) on the| command line and press Enter to install Data Protection for Oracle:| $ TDP-Oracle64.ppc64.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle64.ppc64.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle64.ppc64.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle64.ppc64.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different than TDP-Oracle64.ppc64.bin. 8. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the desired language (TDP-Oracle64.msg.xx_XX.ppc64.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDP-Oracle64.msg.xx_XX.ppc64.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.ppc64.rpm) is also installed. Note: The libobk.so library file is located automatically based on the link that the installation program places in the /usr/lib64 directory. 26 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 42. Linux zSeries environment (64-bit) This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in a Linux zSeries 64-bit environment. Operating system requirements One of the following levels of Linux operating system:| v Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9| v SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 Hardware requirements v A zSeries 900 or 800 server (64-bit) v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 64 MB (128 MB or more recommended) Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later) v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later) Note: To view Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, you must install the Tivoli Storage Manager Language package of the desired language.| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v Oracle 10g Release 1 (64-bit) v Oracle 10g Release 2 (64-bit) Communication methods v TCP/IP Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 27
  • 43. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on Linux zSeries 64-bit All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/linuxz64 directory. Table 17. Linux zSeries (64-bit environment) Default Installation Directories Linux Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Linux zSeries Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64 Table 18. Data Protection for Oracle Linux zSeries (64-bit environment) and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle Linux zSeries base TDP-Oracle.s390x.bin code, license, utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDP-Oracle.msg.xx_XX.s390x.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API Linux zSeries TIVsm-API64.s390.rpm Tivoli Storage Manager Languages TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.s390.rpm This installation procedure is designed to install directly from the Data Protection for Oracle CD: 1. Log in as the root user on the machine with the accessible CD device. 2. Mount the Data Protection for Oracle CD to /cdrom: $ mount <device name> /cdrom 3. Mount /cdrom to the /cdrom directory on the Linux machine. The /cdrom directory must already exist on the Linux machine: $ mount -o soft hostname:/cdrom /cdrom Note: hostname is the machine with the accessible CD device identified in Step 1.| 4. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linuxz64/api directory where the Tivoli Storage| Manager API installation package resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linuxz64/api||| 5. Issue the following command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ rpm -i TIVsm-API.s390.rpm||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language:| $ rpm -i TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.s390.rpm|| 28 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 44. | Note: xx_XX represents the country code for the language contents of the| package.| 6. Change to the <cdrom>/oracle/linuxz64 directory where the Data Protection for| Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd <cdrom>/oracle/linuxz64||| Note <cdrom> is the drive where the CD is mounted.| 7. Enter the name of the installable file (TDP-Oracle.s390x.bin) on the command| line and press Enter to install Data Protection for Oracle:| $ TDP-Oracle.s390x.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.s390x.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.s390x.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDP-Oracle.s390x.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different than TDP-Oracle.s390x.bin. 8. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the desired language (TDP-Oracle.msg.xx_XX.s390x.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDP-Oracle.msg.xx_XX.s390x.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsm-msg.xx_XX.s390.rpm) is also installed. Note: The libobk.so library file is located automatically based on the link that the installation program places in the /usr/lib64 directory. This is the default link: /usr/lib64/libobk.so /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64/libobk.so Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 29
  • 45. Solaris Solaris SPARC environment (32-bit) This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in a Solaris SPARC 32-bit environment. Operating system requirements One of the following levels of Solaris operating system: v Solaris 9 v Solaris 10 Hardware requirements v A SPARC 32-bit (or compatible) workstation. v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 96 MB Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v Oracle9i Version 9.2 (32-bit) Communication method v TCP/IP| v Shared memory| Note: Data Protection for Oracle and the Tivoli Storage Manager server must be| installed on the same machine in order for shared memory to work.| TCP/IP must also be installed on the machine. 30 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 46. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on Solaris SPARC 32-bit All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/solaris directory. Table 19. Solaris SPARC 32-bit Default Installation Directories Solaris Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle 32-bit /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin 32-bit Table 20. Data Protection for Oracle 32-bit and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle 32-bit base code, TDPoracle32.bin license, utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDPoracle32xx_XX.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API 32-bit TIVsmCapi.pkg Tivoli Storage Manager API Languages TIVsmClXx.pkg Perform these instructions to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API, Data Protection for Oracle, and the Data Protection for Oracle license package. This example assumes that your CD drive is /cdrom and that you are installing the Data Protection for Oracle 32-bit product. 1. Insert the CD containing the package into the CD drive. 2. Log in as the root user.| 3. Issue this command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ pkgadd -d /cdrom/oracle/solaris/api/TIVsmCapi.pkg||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language:| $ pkgadd -d /cdrom/oracle/solaris/api/TIVsmClXx.pkg||| Note: Xx represents the country code for the language contents of the package.| 4. Change to the /cdrom/oracle/solaris directory where the Data Protection for| Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd /cdrom/oracle/solaris||| 5. Enter the name of the installable file (TDPoracle32.bin) on the command line| and press Enter to install Data Protection for Oracle:| $ TDPoracle32.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter: Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 31
  • 47. | $ TDPoracle32.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPoracle32.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPoracle32.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different than TDPoracle32.bin. 6. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the desired language (TDPoracle32xx_XX.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDPoracle32xx_XX.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsmClXx.pkg) is also installed. 7. Link the Oracle target database instance with Data Protection for Oracle by performing the following steps: a. Set the Oracle LD_LIBRARY_PATH option to specify $ORACLE_HOME/lib32 as the first entry: LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib32 b. Shut down all Oracle instances that use $ORACLE_HOME. c. Go to the $ORACLE_HOME/lib32 directory. d. Symbolically link the library file to libobk.so: $ ln -s /usr/lib/libobk.so $ORACLE_HOME/lib32/libobk.so e. Start the Oracle instances. 32 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 48. Solaris SPARC environment (64-bit) This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in a Solaris SPARC 64-bit environment. Operating system requirements One of the following levels of Solaris operating system: v Solaris 9 (64-bit) v Solaris 10 (64-bit) Hardware requirements v A SPARC 64-bit (or compatible) workstation v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 96 MB Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later)| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v One of the following levels of Oracle Server: – Oracle9i Version 9.2 (64-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 1 (64-bit) – Oracle 10g Release 2 (64-bit)| – Oracle 11g (64-bit) Communication methods v TCP/IP| v Shared memory| Note: Data Protection for Oracle and the Tivoli Storage Manager server must be| installed on the same machine in order for shared memory to work.| TCP/IP must also be installed on the machine. Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 33
  • 49. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on Solaris SPARC 64-bit All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/solaris directory. Table 21. Solaris SPARC 64-bit Default Installation Directories Solaris Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64 64-bit Table 22. Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit base code, TDPoracle64.bin license, utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDPoracle64xx_XX.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API 64-bit TIVsmCapi.pkg Tivoli Storage Manager API Languages TIVsmClXx.pkg Perform these instructions to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API, Data Protection for Oracle, and the Data Protection for Oracle license package. This example assumes that your CD drive is /cdrom and that you are installing the Data Protection for Oracle 64-bit product. 1. Insert the CD containing the client package into the CD drive. 2. Log in as the root user. 3. Issue this command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API: $ pkgadd -d /cdrom/oracle/solaris/api/TIVsmCapi.pkg The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language: $ pkgadd -d /cdrom/oracle/solaris/api/TIVsmClXx.pkg Note: Xx represents the country code for the language contents of the package.| 4. Change to the /cdrom/oracle/solaris directory where the Data Protection for| Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd /cdrom/oracle/solaris||| 5. Enter the name of the installable file (TDPoracle64.bin) on the command line| and press Enter to install Data Protection for Oracle:| $ TDPoracle64.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter: 34 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 50. | $ TDPoracle64.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPoracle64.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPoracle64.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different from TDPoracle64.bin. 6. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the desired language (TDPoracle64xx_XX.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDPoracle64xx_XX.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsmClXx.pkg) is also installed. 7. Link the Oracle target database instance with Data Protection for Oracle by performing the following steps: a. Set the Oracle LD_LIBRARY_PATH option to specify $ORACLE_HOME/lib as the first entry: LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib b. Shut down all Oracle instances that use $ORACLE_HOME. c. Go to the $ORACLE_HOME/lib directory. d. Symbolically link the library file to libobk.so: $ ln -s /usr/lib/sparcv9/libobk.so $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.so e. Start the Oracle instances. Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 35
  • 51. Solaris x86 environment (32-bit) This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in a Solaris x86 32-bit environment. Operating system requirements The following level of Solaris operating system: v Solaris 10 (32-bit) Hardware requirements v Any Intel x86 (or compatible) 32-bit workstation. v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 96 MB Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later)| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v Oracle 10g Release 1 (32-bit) Communication methods v TCP/IP| v Shared memory| Note: Data Protection for Oracle and the Tivoli Storage Manager server must be| installed on the same machine in order for shared memory to work.| TCP/IP must also be installed on the machine. 36 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 52. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on Solaris x86 32-bit All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86 directory. Table 23. Solaris x86 32-bit Default Installation Directories Solaris Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin Solaris x86 Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin Table 24. Data Protection for Oracle x86 32-bit and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle 32-bit base code, TDPoraclex86.bin license, utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDPoraclex86.xx_XX.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API 32-bit TIVsmCapi.pkg Tivoli Storage Manager API Languages TIVsmClXx.pkg Perform these instructions to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API, Data Protection for Oracle, and the Data Protection for Oracle license package. This example assumes that your CD drive is /cdrom and that you are installing the Data Protection for Oracle Solaris x86 32-bit product. 1. Insert the CD containing the client package into the CD drive. 2. Log in as the root user.| 3. Issue this command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ pkgadd -d /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86/api/TIVsmCapi.pkg||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language:| $ pkgadd -d /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86/api/TIVsmClXx.pkg||| Note: Xx represents the country code for the language contents of the package.| 4. Change to the /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86 directory where the Data Protection| for Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86||| 5. Enter the name of the installable file (TDPoraclex86.bin) on the command line| and press Enter to install Data Protection for Oracle:| $ TDPoraclex86.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter: Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 37
  • 53. | $ TDPoraclex86.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPoraclex86.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ TDPoraclex86.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different than TDPoraclex86.bin. 6. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the desired language (TDPoraclex86.xx_XX.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDPoraclex86.xx_XX.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsmClXx.pkg) is also installed. 7. Link the Oracle target database instance with Data Protection for Oracle by performing the following steps: a. Set the Oracle LD_LIBRARY_PATH option to specify $ORACLE_HOME/lib as the first entry: LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib b. Shut down all Oracle instances that use $ORACLE_HOME. c. Go to the $ORACLE_HOME/lib directory. d. Symbolically link the library file to libobk.so: $ ln -s /usr/lib/libobk.so $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.so e. Start the Oracle instances. 38 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 54. Solaris x86_64 environment This section contains operating system, hardware, software, and communication requirements for installing Data Protection for Oracle in a Solaris x86_64 environment. Operating system requirements The following level of Solaris operating system: v Solaris 10 (x86_64) and any patches required by Oracle. Hardware requirements v Any Intel EM64T or Opteron AMD64 (or compatible) processor v Disk space: 8 MB v Memory: 96 MB Software requirements| v Tivoli Storage Manager server Version 5.4.0 (or later)| v Tivoli Storage Manager API Version 5.5.0 (or later)| v Java 1.4 (or later) is required to run the installer program. v One of the following levels of Oracle Server: – Oracle 10g Release 1 - Consult your Oracle documentation for details regarding support for Release 1. – Oracle 10g Release 2 (64-bit) Communication methods v TCP/IP| v Shared memory| Note: Data Protection for Oracle and the Tivoli Storage Manager server must be| installed on the same machine in order for shared memory to work.| TCP/IP must also be installed on the machine. Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 39
  • 55. Installing Data Protection for Oracle on Solaris x86_64 All installable files reside under the /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86_64 directory. Table 25. Solaris x86_64 Default Installation Directories Solaris Default Installation Directories Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Solaris x86_64 Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Utilities Data Protection for Oracle /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 Messages Tivoli Storage Manager API /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64 Table 26. Data Protection for Oracle x86_64 and Tivoli Storage Manager installable files and packages Component Installable file or package Data Protection for Oracle x64 base code, TDPoraclex86_64.bin license, utilities Data Protection for Oracle Languages TDPoraclex86_64.xx_XX.bin Tivoli Storage Manager API x64 TIVsmCapi.pkg Tivoli Storage Manager API Languages TIVsmClXx.pkg Perform these instructions to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API, Data Protection for Oracle, and the Data Protection for Oracle license package. This example assumes that your CD drive is /cdrom and that you are installing the Data Protection for Oracle Solaris x86_64 product. 1. Insert the CD containing the client package into the CD drive. 2. Log in as the root user.| 3. Issue this command to install the Tivoli Storage Manager API:| $ pkgadd -d /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86_64/api/TIVsmCapi.pkg||| The Tivoli Storage Manager API default language is English. To install| additional languages (optional), issue this command for the desired language:| $ pkgadd -d /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86_64/api/TIVsmClXx.pkg||| Note: Xx represents the country code for the language contents of the package.| 4. Change to the /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86_64 directory where the Data| Protection for Oracle installable file resides on the CD:| $ cd /cdrom/oracle/solarisx86_64||| 5. Enter the name of the installable file (TDPoraclex86_64.bin) on the command| line and press Enter to install Data Protection for Oracle:| $ ./TDPoraclex86_64.bin||| To install in console mode, enter the following command and press Enter: 40 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 56. | $ ./TDPoraclex86_64.bin -i console||| To install in silent mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ ./TDPoraclex86_64.bin -i silent||| To install in GUI mode, enter the following command and press Enter:| $ ./TDPoraclex86_64.bin -i gui||| If the installable file was downloaded from the FTP site, the filename might be| different than TDPoraclex86_64.bin. 6. If you want to install Data Protection for Oracle in a language other than English, enter the name of the Data Protection for Oracle installable file for the desired language (TDPoraclex64.xx_XX.bin) on the command line and press Enter: $ TDPoraclex64.xx_XX.bin Make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager API language package for the desired language (TIVsmClXx.pkg) is also installed. 7. Link the Oracle target database instance with Data Protection for Oracle by performing the following steps: a. Set the Oracle LD_LIBRARY_PATH option to specify $ORACLE_HOME/lib as the first entry: LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib b. Shut down all Oracle instances that use $ORACLE_HOME. c. Go to the $ORACLE_HOME/lib directory. d. Symbolically link the library file to libobk.so: $ ln -s /usr/lib/amd64/libobk.so $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.so or $ ln -s /usr/lib/em64t/libobk.so $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.so e. Start the Oracle instances. Chapter 2. Installing Data Protection for Oracle 41
  • 57. 42 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 58. Chapter 3. Configuring Data Protection for Oracle After Data Protection for Oracle is successfully installed, you must complete the following configuration tasks: 1. Define Data Protection for Oracle options in the tdpo.opt file. 2. Register the Data Protection for Oracle node to a Tivoli Storage Manager server. 3. Define Tivoli Storage Manager options in the dsm.opt and dsm.sys files. 4. Define Tivoli Storage Manager policy requirements. 5. Initialize the password with a Tivoli Storage Manager server. Note: If you would like to configure Data Protection for Oracle using default settings, see Appendix A, “Quick configuration guide,” on page 67 for instructions.1. Define Data Protection for Oracle options in the tdpo.opt file The Data Protection for Oracle options file, tdpo.opt, contains options that determine the behavior and performance of Data Protection for Oracle. The only environment variable Data Protection for Oracle Version 5.5.1 recognizes within an RMAN script is the fully qualified path name to the tdpo.opt file. Therefore, some RMAN scripts may need to be edited to use TDPO_OPTFILE=fully qualified path and file name of options file variable in place of other environment variables. For example: allocate channel t1 type ’sbt_tape’ parms ’ENV=(TDPO_OPTFILE=/home/rman/scripts/tdpo.opt)’ The TDPO_OPTFILE variable must be specified in upper case characters only. See “Scripts” on page 56 for further information. Note that the allocate channel entry is divided on two lines after the parms option to accommodate page formatting. If a fully qualified path name is not provided, Data Protection for Oracle uses the tdpo.opt file located in the Data Protection for Oracle default installation directory. If this file does not exist, Data Protection for Oracle fails. Considerations v It is strongly recommended that you use the tdpo.opt file exclusively instead of default parameters. v RMAN and the tdpoconf and tdposync utilities use the options defined in the tdpo.opt file. v By default, the tdpo.opt file is located in the directory where Data Protection for Oracle is installed. v Data Protection for Oracle supports options (specified in the tdpo.opt file) in both upper case or lower case type. However, the TDPO_OPTFILE variable must be specified in upper case characters only.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 43
  • 59. Available options The following options can be set in the tdpo.opt file: dsmi_log Specify the directory that contains the Data Protection for Oracle error log file (tdpoerror.log). Note that if the Tivoli Storage Manager errorlogname option is specified in the dsm.sys file (for the stanza used by Data Protection for Oracle), the errorlogname option will override the value specified by dsmi_log. If the errorlogname option is being used, make sure that it specifies a file in a path that has write permissions. For error log files, create a directory for the error logs and have the dsmi_log option point to that directory. The user performing backups must have writable rights to this directory. dsmi_orc_config Specify the complete path to the Tivoli Storage Manager client user options file (dsm.opt) used during the Data Protection for Oracle session. If you do not specify this option, Data Protection for Oracle looks for this options file in the Data Protection for Oracle installation directory. You must specify this option if your Tivoli Storage Manager client user options file is located in a directory other than the Data Protection for Oracle installation directory. tdpo_fs Specify a file space name on the Tivoli Storage Manager server for Data Protection for Oracle backup, delete, and restore operations. The file space name can contain a string of 1 to 1024 characters. v The default file space name is adsmorc. v When you have more than one Oracle database, use this option to back up each Oracle target database to its own file space on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. v If this option was set during Data Protection for Oracle backup operations, this option must be set during restore and delete operations. v The file space name in the include/exclude statement must match the file space name specified in the tdpo_fs option for include/exclude processing to function correctly. tdpo_owner This option specifies a session-owner name and object owner name. The value can contain a string of 1 to 64 characters. This value is case sensitive. For restore and delete operations, this option must specify the same value that was used during the Data Protection for Oracle backup. Do not set this option when passwordaccess generate is specified. tdpo_pswdpath This option specifies the directory where the TDPO.nodename password file is located. The default value is the directory where Data Protection for Oracle is installed. Note that when passwordaccess generate is specified, Data Protection for Oracle uses the value of the passworddir option specified in the dsm.sys file and does NOT use the tdpo_pswdpath option. However, the directory specified by the passworddir option must be a directory that is writeable by the Oracle user. The Oracle user is the User ID of the target Oracle database instance. tdpo_node Specify the Data Protection for Oracle node name used during operations with the Tivoli Storage Manager server. The node name can contain a44 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 60. string of 1 to 64 characters. It is recommended that you use a node name that is different from the backup-archive client node name. Be aware that it is the Tivoli Storage Manager API (and not Data Protection for Oracle) that negotiates which login credentials (nodename, password) to use with the Tivoli Storage Manager server. As a result, certain option settings affect password management. For example, when the tdpo_node option is specified (in the tdpo.opt file) and passwordaccess prompt is specified (in the dsm.sys file), the Tivoli Storage Manager API uses the value of the tdpo_node option and ignores the value of the nodename option (specified in the dsm.sys file). However, when the tdpo_node option is not specified and passwordaccess prompt is specified, the Tivoli Storage Manager API attempts to automatically generate a password (by default), even though passwordaccess prompt is specified. In this situation, processing ends and an error message displays. To avoid receiving an error message, make sure you follow these recommendations: v When passwordaccess prompt is specified in the dsm.sys file, specify the tdpo_node option in the tdpo.opt file. v When passwordaccess generate is specified in the dsm.sys file, do NOT specify the tdpo_node option in the tdpo.opt file. To restore data from one Oracle server to another Oracle server using Data Protection for Oracle, be aware of the following tdpo_node considerations: v The value of the tdpo_node option in the tdpo.opt file on the target Oracle server must equal the value of the tdpo_node option in the tdpo.opt file on the source Oracle server. v If passwordaccess prompt is specified for the backup, then passwordaccess prompt must be specified for the restore. For example, if passwordaccess prompt is specified in the dsm.sys file on the target Oracle server, run the tdpoconf password command to create the password locally on the source Oracle server. v If passwordaccess generate is specified for the backup, then passwordaccess generate must be specified for the restore. Be aware that if the password for the Data Protection for Oracle node is unknown (due to the passwordaccess generate setting), you can reset the password for the production node on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. Then, after the password is reset, use the new password to run the tdpoconf password command on both the production machine (to set the password for the next backup) and the alternate machine (to set the password for the restore). v Data Protection for Oracle and the Tivoli Storage Manager API must be at the same levels on both the source Oracle server and the target Oracle server.tdpo_date_fmt This option specifies the format you want to use to display dates. You can specify a number between 0 and 5 inclusively. The default value is 1. 0 Use the locale-specified date format. 1 MM/DD/YYYY (Default) 2 DD-MM-YYYY 3 YYYY-MM-DD 4 DD.MM.YYYY 5 YYYY.MM.DD Chapter 3. Configuring Data Protection for Oracle 45
  • 61. tdpo_num_fmt This option specifies the format you want to use to display numbers. You can specify a number between 1 and 6 inclusively. The default value is 1. 1 1,000.00 (Default) 2 1,000,00 3 1 000,00 4 1 000.00 5 1.000,00 6 1’000,00 tdpo_time_fmt This option specifies the format you want to use to display time. You can specify a number between 0 and 4 inclusively. The default value is 1. 0 Use the locale-specified time format. 1 23:00:00 (Default) 2 23,00,00 3 23.00.00 4 12:00:00 A/P tdpo_mgmt_class_2 This option specifies the second management class used for copy 2 in the RMAN duplex copy command. tdpo_mgmt_class_3 This option specifies the third management class used for copy 3 in the RMAN duplex copy command. tdpo_mgmt_class_4 This option specifies the fourth management class used for copy 4 in the RMAN duplex copy command. Four copies is the maximum allowed by RMAN. Note: It is recommended that you review “Using the Duplex Copy function” on page 56 for specific details on using management class options.2. Register the Data Protection for Oracle node to a Tivoli StorageManager server The Data Protection for Oracle node name and password (if required) must be registered to the Tivoli Storage Manager server before you can begin requesting backup and restore services. The process of setting up a node name and password with the Tivoli Storage Manager server is called registration. The following information is needed to register Data Protection for Oracle with the Tivoli Storage Manager server: v The Data Protection for Oracle node name This is the node name that identifies the instance on which Data Protection for Oracle is installed. It is recommended that you use a separate and unique node name for Data Protection for Oracle. This prevents any confusion with an existing Tivoli Storage Manager backup-archive client on the same workstation. v The initial password This is the password you want to use, if a password is required. The following information is defined by the Tivoli Storage Manager administrator:46 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 62. v The policy domain to which your client node belongs. A policy domain contains policy sets and management classes that control how Tivoli Storage Manager manages the objects you back up. Rather than binding Data Protection for Oracle backups to a different management class, it is recommended that a unique policy domain be defined for Data Protection for Oracle node names. These backups can be bound to the default management class within this unique policy domain. Rather than binding a different management class for Oracle backups, it is also recommended that you specify a different domain for Oracle backups with a separate management class. v The authority to enable compression. The Tivoli Storage Manager administrator can specify the server to compress files. If the Tivoli Storage Manager administrator specifies that the compression decision belongs to the client (compression client), you must specify compression yes in the client system options file (dsm.sys) in order for the Data Protection for Oracle node to be able to compress objects before sending them to the Tivoli Storage Manager server.| v The authority to delete backup data from Tivoli Storage Manager storage.| The Data Protection for Oracle node can only delete backed up data from Tivoli| Storage Manager storage if the Tivoli Storage Manager administrator registers| the node with backdelete authority. Specify the following option to allow| backdelete authority:| backdelete yes| Note that when backdelete no is specified and a deletion request is made, the| request fails and an error message displays. Therefore, specify backdelete yes for| the object to be immediately removed from the Tivoli Storage Manager server| when the next inventory expiration occurs. This expiration also makes the| previously used storage space available for new use. 3. Define Tivoli Storage Manager options in the dsm.opt and dsm.sys files You must define some Tivoli Storage Manager options after the Data Protection for Oracle node is registered to the Tivoli Storage Manager server: v These options are defined in the Tivoli Storage Manager client system options file (dsm.sys by default) and client user options file (dsm.opt by default). v Note that the Tivoli Storage Manager client user options file (dsm.opt by default) you must edit for Data Protection for Oracle is located in the directory specified by the dsmi_orc_config option. If this option is not specified, Data Protection for Oracle looks for this options file in the Data Protection for Oracle installation directory. v The Tivoli Storage Manager client system options file (dsm.sys by default) must be located in the directory where the Tivoli Storage Manager API is installed. v Data Protection for Oracle provides sample Tivoli Storage Manager options files that you can modify for this purpose. These sample files are located in the Data Protection for Oracle installation directory. v The Tivoli Storage Manager administrator can provide you with the TCP server address (tcpserveraddress) and communication method (commmethod) for connecting Data Protection for Oracle to the Tivoli Storage Manager server. Chapter 3. Configuring Data Protection for Oracle 47
  • 63. Required options Specify these options in the Tivoli Storage Manager client system options file (dsm.sys by default) located in the directory where the Tivoli Storage Manager API is installed: passwordaccess Specify whether you want to generate your password automatically or be prompted to enter your password. You can specify one of the following values: prompt You are prompted to enter your password during each session. This is the default value. When specifying passwordaccess prompt in the dsm.sys file, set the following values in the tdpo.opt file: tdpo_node <node name> tdpo_owner <tdpo owner name> tdpo_pswdpath (optional) <path to password file> After specifying these values, use the tdpoconf password command (as root user) to create the password and password file (TDPO.nodename) on the local machine. Be aware that when passwordaccess prompt is specified, the user must be aware of the password expiration date. A backup failure may occur if the password is allowed to expire. To allow the Tivoli Storage Manager API to manage the password, specify passwordaccess generate. generate The Tivoli Storage Manager API manages all password actions after the password is created using the tdpoconf password command. The Tivoli Storage Manager API stores and manages the password and automatically generates a new password when the current password expires. This method of password management is useful when running unattended scheduled backups because it ensures that the backup never fails due to an expired password. When specifying passwordaccess generate, set the following values in the in the dsm.sys file: passwordaccess generate passworddir <directory owned and writable by Oracle owner> nodename <node name> However, do NOT specify the following options in the tdpo.opt file when specifying passwordaccess generate: v tdpo_node v tdpo_owner v tdpo_pswdpath After specifying passwordaccess generate and the other appropriate values in the dsm.sys file, run the tdpoconf password command (as the Oracle user) to create the encrypted password in the TSM.PWD file. servername Specify the name you want to use to identify a stanza that contains the options used for connecting to the Tivoli Storage Manager server. Although48 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 64. the name does not have to be the actual name of a Tivoli Storage Manager server, the name must match the name specified by the servername option in the dsm.opt file. tcpserveraddress Specify the TCP/IP address (in the stanza) for the Tivoli Storage Manager| server to be used for Oracle backups. When the Tivoli Storage Manager| server that is specified with the tcpserveraddress option uses a non-default| port for communication, specify the correct port in the stanza with the| tcpport option. commmethod Specify the communication method for Data Protection for Oracle to communicate with the Tivoli Storage Manager server. Note that this option requires other Tivoli Storage Manager options, depending on the communication method you specify. Specify this option in the Tivoli Storage Manager client user options file (dsm.opt by default) located in the directory specified by the dsmi_orc_config option: servername Specify a Tivoli Storage Manager server stanza name that matches the name specified by the servername option in your client system options file (dsm.sys by default) that is used to contact Data Protection for Oracle for backup services. Other options to consider It is recommended that you specify these options in the Tivoli Storage Manager client system options file, dsm.sys: compression Specify whether the Tivoli Storage Manager API compresses data before sending it to the Tivoli Storage Manager server. You can specify yes or no. The default value is yes. The value of the compression option for Data Protection for Oracle is honored only if the Tivoli Storage Manager administrator leaves the compression decision to the node. Enabling compression affects performance in three ways: v CPU utilization is higher on the machine on which Data Protection for Oracle is running. v Network bandwidth utilization is lower because fewer bytes are transmitted. v Storage usage on the Tivoli Storage Manager server is reduced. Considerations: It is recommended that you specify yes when any of the following conditions exist: v The network adapter has a data overload. v Communications between Data Protection for Oracle and the Tivoli Storage Manager server are over a low bandwidth connection. v There is heavy network traffic. It is recommended that you specify no when any of the following conditions exist: v The machine running Data Protection for Oracle has a CPU overload. The added CPU usage (as a result of enabling compression) can impact other applications, including the Oracle server. Chapter 3. Configuring Data Protection for Oracle 49
  • 65. v You are not constrained by network bandwidth. In this case, you can achieve the best performance by specifying compression no and enabling hardware compaction on the tape drive, which also reduces storage requirements. v Hardware compression is in use for the media where Data Protection for Oracle data resides.| After a completed backup operation, view the throughput rate and the| compression status for a backup object in the Tivoli Storage Manager| server activity log file. Run the Tivoli Storage Manager server QUERY| ACTLOG command in the Tivoli Storage Manager server administrative| client window. Be aware that the throughput rate and the compression| status are not written to the activity log when activity logging is disabled| on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. See the SET ACTLOGRETENTION| command in the Tivoli Storage Manager Administrators Reference for| complete activity logging information. enablelanfree| Specify whether you run backup operations in a LAN-free environment if| you are equipped to do so. You can specify yes or no. The default value is| no. You can avoid network constraints by shifting the movement of data to| a storage area network (SAN). After a completed backup operation, view| the LAN-free status for a backup object in the Tivoli Storage Manager| server activity log file. For more information, see the appropriate Storage| Agent User’s Guide. include Add an include statement to the dsm.sys file (used by the Oracle node) when a management class (other than the default management class) is defined within an existing policy domain. This include statement binds the Oracle backup objects to the management class that is defined for managing these objects. The include statement uses the following naming convention: /FilespaceName//ObjectName The FORMAT parameter in the RMAN script can also be used to assist with object naming. For example, if the FORMAT parameters (in the RMAN script) specified the following values for databases and logs: format ’DB_%u_%p_%c’ format ’LOG_%u_%p_%c’ The include statement in the dsm.sys file (used by the Oracle node) would be as follows: INCLUDE /adsmorc/.../DB* mgmtclassnameforDBs INCLUDE /adsmorc/.../LOG* mgmtclassnameforLogs| Make sure the FORMAT parameter specifies a unique name for the| backup. If the object name already exists on the Tivoli Storage Manager| server, the backup might fail with a RC=8 error recorded in the sbtio.log| file. enableclientencryptkey When enableclientencryptkey is set to yes, Data Protection for Oracle provides 128-bit transparent encryption of Oracle databases during backup and restore processing. One random encryption key is generated per session and is stored on the Tivoli Storage Manager server with the object in the server database. Although Tivoli Storage Manager manages the key, a valid database must be available in order to restore an encrypted object. 50 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 66. You can specify the databases you want encrypted by adding an include statement with the include.encrypt option in the dsm.sys file. For example, to enable transparent encryption, set the following options in the client system options file, dsm.sys: 1. Specify enableclientencryptkey yes. 2. Specify encryptiontype AES128 (recommended) or DES56. 3. Specify the objects to encrypt. This example encrypts all data: include.encrypt /adsmorc/.../* Thus, the encryption options in this client system options file, dsm.sys would be as follows: enableclientencryptkey yes encryptiontype aes128 include.encrypt /adsmorc/.../*| After a completed backup operation, view the encryption status for a| backup object in the Tivoli Storage Manager server activity log file. Run| the Tivoli Storage Manager server QUERY ACTLOG command in the| Tivoli Storage Manager server administrative client window. A message| similar to the following will be available:| 02/04/08| 16:23:08| ANE4991I (Session: 7, Node: ANDREW) TDP Oracle AIX| ANU0599 TDP for Oracle: (426106): =>() ANU2526I Backup| details for backup piece /dp_oracle//2jj7sk9s_1_1 (database| "testdb"). Total bytes sent: 770703360. Total processing| time: 00:00:48. Throughput rate: 15680.00Kb/Sec.| Compressed: Yes, 68%. Encryption: None. LAN-Free: No.| (SESSION: 7)|| See IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Using the Application Program Interface for more details regarding the enableclientencryptkey option. 4. Define Tivoli Storage Manager policy requirements RMAN uses the format parameter (in the RMAN script) to generate unique backup file names. Because all backup objects inserted into the Tivoli Storage Manager backup storage pool have unique file names, they never expire on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. As a result, Data Protection for Oracle requires these special Tivoli Storage Manager policy domain settings: Backup copy group values Data Protection for Oracle provides the tdposync utility to remove unwanted backup objects from the Tivoli Storage Manager server. It is recommended that the following Tivoli Storage Manager backup copy group options be set: v verdeleted 0 v retonly 0 Then, when Data Protection for Oracle marks a backup object inactive, that object is deleted from the Tivoli Storage Manager server the next time expiration processing occurs. A backup object is marked for immediate expiration when you delete it through RMAN using the Data Protection for Oracle interface or with the tdposync utility. Note that an inactive backup object cannot be restored through RMAN using the Data Protection for Oracle interface. Chapter 3. Configuring Data Protection for Oracle 51
  • 67. Notes:| 1. The Tivoli Storage Manager administrator must also register your node| by specifying backdelete yes in order for backup objects to be deleted.| However, be aware that a backup object is marked for immediate| expiration when backdelete yes and you delete it through RMAN using| the Data Protection for Oracle interface or with the tdposync utility.| Also note that when backdelete no is specified and a deletion request is| made, the request fails and an error message displays. 2. The following backup copy group options are not applicable to Data Protection for Oracle: v frequency v verexists v retextra v mode v serialization Data Protection for Oracle accepts default values for these options. Management class Tivoli Storage Manager uses management classes to manage backups on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. When you back up a database, the default management class for your node is used. Because the policy requirements for Data Protection for Oracle may be different from the desired settings for the regular Tivoli Storage Manager backup-archive clients, you must have a different management class defined for Data Protection for Oracle. It is recommended that you define a separate policy domain where the default management class has the required settings and then register all Data Protection for Oracle nodes to that domain. If you choose to define a new management class within an existing policy domain (not the default management class for that domain), then you must add an include statement to the Data Protection for Oracle options file to bind all objects to that management class. The following steps assign a management class name orcbackup to all Oracle backups with a default file space name adsmorc: 1. Add this inclexcl entry under the server stanza you use in the dsm.sys file: inclexcl /u01/oracle/include.def 2. Add this include entry to the /u01/oracle/include.def file: include /adsmorc/.../* orcbackup Note: The file space name in the include/exclude statement must match the file space name defined with the tdpo_fs option. If a file space name other than the default value (adsmorc) is used: a. You must specify the file space name with the tdpo_fs option. b. You must specify the file space name defined in the tdpo_fs option in the include/exclude statement. All the files backed up with a default file space name of adsmorc are assigned to management class orcbackup. Note: Data Protection for Oracle stores all objects as backup objects on Tivoli Storage Manager storage, so an archive copy group is not required, although it can exist. 52 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 68. See your Tivoli Storage Manager administrator or see the Tivoli Storage Manager Administrator’s Guide for more information on defining or updating Tivoli Storage Manager policy domains and copy groups.5. Initialize the password with a Tivoli Storage Manager server The administrator must run the tdpoconf utility program to set the password before using Data Protection for Oracle. See “TDPOCONF” on page 60 for more information. Chapter 3. Configuring Data Protection for Oracle 53
  • 69. 54 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 70. Chapter 4. Using RMAN and Data Protection for Oracle You can perform full or partial, offline or online backups with Oracle. Once you identify which database to back up, Oracle locates all necessary files and sends them to the Tivoli Storage Manager server through Data Protection for Oracle. As a result, Data Protection for Oracle provides an interface between Oracle Media Management API calls and Tivoli Storage Manager API routines. Invoking RMAN Invoke RMAN to back up and restore an Oracle database. In this example, the catalog database contains a registered target database. Invoke RMAN with this command: $> rman target xxx/yyy@target rcvcat aaa/bbb@catalog cmdfile bkdb.scr msglog bkdb.log This starts RMAN in the sequence shown. target xxx/yyy@target: connect to target database using user xxx and password yyy with connect string target rcvcat aaa/bbb@catalog: connect to catalog database using user aaa and password bbb with connect string catalog cmdfile bkdb.scr: run bkdb.scr script msglog bkdb.log: log the output messages in bkdb.log Note: In the above example, RMAN creates a log file (bkdb.log) in the current working directory. If an error occurs, you will see the error stack in the log file. Attention: For backup and restore operations in a Linux environment, Oracle recommends that the Oracle LD_ASSUME_KERNEL variable be set for the Oracle user. For example: LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=2.4.21; export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL| After a completed backup or restore operation, view the throughput rate and| encryption status for a backup object in the Tivoli Storage Manager server activity| log file. Run the Tivoli Storage Manager server QUERY ACTLOG command in the| Tivoli Storage Manager server administrative client window. A message similar to| the following will be available:| 02/04/08| 16:23:08| ANE4991I (Session: 7, Node: ANDREW) TDP Oracle AIX| ANU0599 TDP for Oracle: (426106): =>() ANU2526I Backup| details for backup piece /dp_oracle//2jj7sk9s_1_1 (database| "testdb"). Total bytes sent: 770703360. Total processing| time: 00:00:48. Throughput rate: 15680.00Kb/Sec.| Compressed: Yes, 68%. Encryption: None. LAN-Free: No.| (SESSION: 7)|| © Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 55
  • 71. Scripts Data Protection for Oracle does not recognize environment variables specified in an RMAN script. The only environment variable Data Protection for Oracle Version 5.5.1 recognizes within an RMAN script is the fully qualified path name to the tdpo.opt file. Therefore, existing RMAN scripts may need to be edited to use TDPO_OPTFILE=fully qualified path and file name of options file variable in place of other environment variables. The TDPO_OPTFILE variable must be specified in upper case characters only. Script example This backup script allocates two parallel connections to the Tivoli Storage Manager server. The Tivoli Storage Manager server views these connections as two separate sessions: run { allocate channel t1 type ’sbt_tape’ parms ’ENV=(TDPO_OPTFILE=/ora91/scripts/tdpo.opt)’; allocate channel t2 type ’sbt_tape’ parms ’ENV=(TDPO_OPTFILE=/ora91/scripts/tdpo.opt)’; backup filesperset 5 format ’df_%t_%s_%p’ (database); } Note: To back up to Tivoli Storage Manager using Data Protection for Oracle, you must specify type ’sbt_tape’ in the RMAN script or within the global RMAN configuration settings. This restore script allocates one parallel connection to the Tivoli Storage Manager server: run { allocate channel t1 type ’sbt_tape’ parms ’ENV=(TDPO_OPTFILE=/home/oracle/tdpo.opt)’; restore database; recover database; alter database open; } Notes: 1. The allocate channel entry is divided on two lines after the parms option to accommodate page formatting. 2. The Oracle database must be in mount mode for the restore to succeed.Using the Duplex Copy function Data Protection for Oracle supports the Oracle Server Duplex backup feature. This feature allows you to make up to four exact duplicate copies of a backup that can be stored on different backup media. A different management class is required for each backup copy. By default, the primary management class is the default management class on the policy domain defined for the Data Protection for Oracle node. Note: It may be necessary to define the Oracle parameter value (BACKUP_TAPE_IO_SLAVES=TRUE) in the init.ora file of the target56 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 72. database for Data Protection for Oracle to use the duplex copy feature. Refer to your Oracle documentation regarding the use of this Oracle parameter.For example, to create four backup copies:1. Specify the following option in the RMAN backup script: set duplex 42. Define the following options in the tdpo.opt file: v tdpo_mgmt_class_2 v tdpo_mgmt_class_3 v tdpo_mgmt_class_43. Run the RMAN backup script.The following backup behavior occurs:v The first backup copy is bound to the default management class to which the node is registered.v The second backup copy is bound to the management class defined by the tdpo_mgmt_class_2 option.v The third backup copy is bound to the management class defined by the tdpo_mgmt_class_3 option.v The fourth backup copy is bound to the management class defined by the tdpo_mgmt_class_4 option.Considerations The duplex copy feature does not use include statements. It only uses the management classes specified in the tdpo.opt file. You will receive an error message if you specify set duplex 4 in the RMAN backup script and do not define a sufficient number of tdpo_mgmt_class options in the tdpo.opt file. In order to place duplicate copies on different media: – Make sure the storage pool information for each backup copy group within the management classes is not the same. – Make sure backups from these different storage pools are not migrated to the same storage pool at a later time. Be aware that duplicate data will be sent across the network. Be aware that if you specify set duplex 4 and allocate one channel in the RMAN backup script, RMAN will start four sessions to the Tivoli Storage Manager server. Likewise, if you specify set duplex 4 and allocate two channels in the RMAN backup script, RMAN will start eight sessions to the Tivoli Storage Manager server. The duplex copy feature sends the backup copies simultaneously. If the backup destination is tape, the number of sessions will be multiples of the duplex value. As a result, make sure RMAN does not start more sessions than the maximum mount points allowed by the Tivoli Storage Manager server. The node definition option on the Tivoli Storage Manager server (maxnummp) determines the maximum number of mount points a client node is allowed to use on the Tivoli Storage Manager server during a backup operation. You can view the maximum mount points allowed by the Tivoli Storage Manager server for a particular node by entering the query node command from a Tivoli Storage Manager Administrative Client prompt: q node f=d See the appropriate Tivoli Storage Manager Administrator’s Reference for more information regarding this option. Chapter 4. Using RMAN and Data Protection for Oracle 57
  • 73. It is highly recommended that you review your current Oracle documentation regarding the duplex backup function.Removing old backups Data Protection for Oracle uses the Tivoli Storage Manager backup repository. Each database backup creates a new object with a unique name. Since these objects have unique names, they always remain active and never expire. This allows the Database Administrator (DBA) to control and coordinate copies removed from the Tivoli Storage Manager server with RMAN. The Tivoli Storage Manager administrator must specify backdelete=yes when registering your node in order for you to be able to delete backup objects. Note: Make sure to use the same tdpo.opt file that was used for the original backup. This enables the backup objects to be found on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. Example To remove an old backup, issue this command from the RMAN prompt: run { allocate channel for delete type ’sbt_tape’ parms ’ENV=(TDPO_OPTFILE=/orc91/scripts/tdpo.opt)’; change backupset backupset number delete; } See the Oracle RMAN manual for more information on the change command and its options.58 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 74. Chapter 5. Using the utilities This chapter describes how to use the Data Protection for Oracle utilities (tdpoconf and tdposync) from the command line interface. These utilities are located in the directory where Data Protection for Oracle is installed. v The tdpoconf utility is used for password maintenance and general Data Protection for Oracle setup and maintenance. v The tdposync utility is used to delete the Oracle backups on the Tivoli Storage Manager server which are not in the RMAN catalog. This occurs when backups have inadvertently not been deleted from the Tivoli Storage Manager server.Command line syntax and characteristics The Data Protection for Oracle utilities use the following command line syntax: tdpoconf <command> <0 or more optional parameters> tdposync <command> <0 or more optional parameters> The command line parameters have the following characteristics: v Minimum abbreviations for keywords are indicated in upper case. v Optional parameters begin with a dash (-). v Optional parameters can appear in any order. v Some keyword parameters require a value separated by the equal sign (=). v If a parameter requires more than one value, the values are separated with commas. v A space separates the invocation from the command and the command from any optional parameters. v Each parameter is separated from others by a space. v If a parameter value includes spaces, the entire parameter must be enclosed in double quotes.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 59
  • 75. TDPOCONF This utility provides setup tasks to ease the configuration of Data Protection for Oracle. The utility uses the tdpo.opt file in the installation directory to centralize information for setup purposes. Two commands are available using the tdpoconf utility: v PASSWord v SHOWENVironment A description of these two commands and their parameters follows. Password command Use the password command to create a new password or change an existing password on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. You are prompted to enter both the old and new passwords when you invoke this utility. Be aware of the following requirements based on the value of the passwordaccess setting in the dsm.sys file: passwordaccess prompt Run the tdpoconf password command as the root user. This command creates an encrypted password file, TDPO.Nodename. The Nodename value will be the value specified by the tdpo_node option in the Data Protection for Oracle options file specified with the TDPO_OPTFILE variable. This file is located in the directory specified by the tdpo_pswdpath option. If the tdpo_pswdpath option is not specified, the TDPO.Nodename file is placed in the Data Protection for Oracle installation directory. Make sure that the TDPO.Nodename file can be read by the Oracle user that performs the backup. passwordaccess generate Run the tdpoconf password command as the Oracle user. The password is placed in the file, TSM.PWD, and is owned by the Oracle user. This TSM.PWD file is created in the directory specified by the passworddir option defined in the dsm.sys file. Do not specify the tdpo_node option in the tdpo.opt file. Data Protection for Oracle uses the value of the nodename option specified in the dsm.sys file. If the tdpo_pswdpath option is specified in the tdpo.opt file, it is ignored. See the description of the tdpo_pswdpath option in “Available options” on page 44 for more information. Syntax TDPOCONF PASSWord installed tdpo.opt -TDPO_OPTFILE= pathname Optional parameters -TDPO_OPTFILE=pathname This parameter specifies the fully qualified path name to the tdpo.opt file. If you choose not to specify this option, the default path is used. Example This is an output example of the tdpoconf password command:60 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 76. *************************************************************** * IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases Utility * * Password file initialization/update program * * * *************************************************************** Please enter current password: Please enter new password: Please reenter new password for verification: ANU0260I Password successfully changed. Showenvironment command Use the showenvironment command to query the Tivoli Storage Manager server using the options set in –TDPO_OPTFILE, the tdpo.opt file in the default installation directory, or the default values set by Data Protection for Oracle. The screen output displays information about the Tivoli Storage Manager API and Tivoli Storage Manager server. This command is useful when troubleshooting Data Protection for Oracle setup. If, for example, the password file is not initialized properly, tdpoconf showenvironment reports this error immediately and prevents complications that can arise if this error were to go undetected. Note: For initial setup, it is recommended that you direct the output to a file with the –outfile option to ensure that the desired environment is set correctly before using RMAN. Syntax TDPOCONF SHOWENVironment installed tdpo.opt -TDPO_OPTFILE= pathname -OUTfile= pathname Optional parameters -TDPO_OPTFILE=pathname This parameter specifies the fully qualified path name to the tdpo.opt file. This is the options file that is used by the utilities and the Data Protection for Oracle library. -OUTfile=pathname This parameter specifies the fully qualified path name to the output file. The formatted text of this file is the same content that appears as output to the screen. Example Below is an output example of the tdpoconf showenvironment command:| DATA PROTECTION FOR ORACLE INFORMATION| Version: 5| Release: 5| Level: 1| Sublevel: 0| Platform: 32bit TDPO Linux86|| TSM SERVER INFORMATION Chapter 5. Using the utilities 61
  • 77. | License Information: License file exists and contains valid license data| Server Name: TSMSERVER| Server Type: AIX-RS/6000| Server Address: SERVER.MYSITE.COMPANY.COM| Server Port: 1500| Communication Method: TCP/IP|| SESSION INFORMATION| Owner Name: oracle10g| Node Name: AGENT_NODE| Node Type: TDPO Linux86| DSMI_DIR: /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin| DSMI_ORC_CONFIG: /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin/dsm.opt| TDPO_OPTFILE: /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin/tdpo.opt| Compression: YES Note: The Server Name: value above identifies the Tivoli Storage Manager server stanza in the dsm.sys file, not the actual name of the Tivoli Storage Manager server. TDPOSYNC Attention: Deleted files and inactive files cannot be restored! When using this utility to delete files, ensure that you do not log on under the wrong node name, query a different database than intended, and delete files in error. Double-check the node name listed at the top of the PICK window. See “Optional parameters” on page 64 and “PICK Window” on page 65 for further details. The tdposync utility checks for items on the Tivoli Storage Manager server that are not in the RMAN catalog. This utility allows you to repair such discrepancies between the Tivoli Storage Manager server and the RMAN catalog. By thus removing unwanted objects in Tivoli Storage Manager storage, you can reclaim space on the server. When an RMAN deletion script is run, RMAN deletes entries in the recovery catalog before confirmation from the Tivoli Storage Manager server. In cases where objects are not found on the Tivoli Storage Manager server, RMAN tries to delete backup sets from the Tivoli Storage Manager server and fails. However, the entries in the RMAN catalog for these objects are still removed. When this happens, RMAN can no longer identify these backups through the catalog even though the file still exists on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. This utility therefore synchronizes the contents of the servers. Be aware that when the RMAN catalog contains backups marked as expired, RMAN still considers these objects as existing. If tdposync is invoked against these objects, it will recognize these objects in the RMAN catalog and on the Tivoli Storage Manager server and consider them to be in sync. Therefore, it is necssary to delete these objects from the RMAN catalog in order for them to be deleted from the Tivoli Storage Manager server. Use the Oracle crosscheck command to verify whether the backups exist. Then, use the Oracle delete expired command to remove their record from the RMAN catalog. When you invoke tdposync, the utility does the following:| 1. Prompts you for the RMAN catalog owner ID, password, and connect string 2. Gathers information for the Oracle server(s) 3. Queries the Oracle backup catalog and the Tivoli Storage Manager server 4. Displays formatted output to the screen (files that exist on Tivoli Storage Manager but not in the RMAN catalog) 62 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 78. 5. Prompts you to do one of the following: v Delete any files found causing the discrepancy. v Delete all files. v Exit the program without deleting files from the Tivoli Storage Manager server. Considerations The following information must be considered before using the tdposync command: v Resynchronize Oracle catalogs with the target databases before running the tdposync syncdb command. First, connect to the target database and the catalog database. The following is an example: $ rman target xxx/yyy@targetdb rcvcat xxx/yyy@catalogdb When you are connected to both databases, type resync catalog at the RMAN prompt.| v If the information for sqlplus that you provide to tdposync is incorrect (such as| logon, password, or connect string information), sqlplus stops at its logon| screen. You will need to log on again at the prompt using the RMAN catalog| owner ID, password, and connect string. For example:| login/password@connectstring| where connectstring represents the Oracle database in which to connect. The| connectstring is also sometimes referred to as the Transparent Network| Substrate (TNS) alias. When the correct input is entered, tdposync proceeds. v By default, Data Protection for Oracle prompts you to synchronize with one Oracle catalog at a time. However, if you use multiple Oracle catalogs to back up multiple target databases to the same file space, the same node name, and the same owner name on the same Tivoli Storage Manager server, you must use –numcatalogs=number. This is necessary so that tdposync has all the information to correctly query both Oracle and Tivoli Storage Manager. If, for example, you back up only one target database using two catalogs, you do not need to specify this option. However, if you back up two target databases using two catalogs (one catalog for each) to the same Tivoli Storage Manager server under the same file space, node name, and owner name, you must specify numcatalogs. If you fail to provide information for the second target database (by not specifying two catalogs), that database will be displayed as eligible for deletion.For more information , see “Optional parameters” on page 64. Attention: Failure to provide all pertinent and correct information can result in erroneous output. To prevent this, see the next consideration. v If you have more than one Oracle database, back up each Oracle target database to its own file space on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. To do this, use the tdpo_fs option in the tdpo.opt file. In addition, it is highly recommended that you use a separate Data Protection for Oracle options file for each database that you back up to Tivoli Storage Manager. In this way, it is only necessary to synchronize one catalog at a time (once for each target database), thus minimizing the display of wrong information in the PICK window. v Make sure to use the same tdpo.opt file that was used for the original backup. Chapter 5. Using the utilities 63
  • 79. Syncdb Command This is the only command available to tdposync utility. Syntax TDPOSYNC syncdb installed tdpo.opt -TDPO_OPTFILE= pathname 1 -NUMCATalogs= number Optional parameters -TDPO_OPTFILE=pathname This parameter specifies the fully qualified path name to the tdpo.opt file. This is the options file that is used by the utilities and the Data Protection for Oracle library. This file contains the information for the Tivoli Storage Manager server name and address that tdposync needs for synchronizing. Note: For syncdb TDPO_OPTFILE, you must specify the same options file values that were used to perform the original backup operations. -NUMCATalogs=number This parameter specifies the number of Oracle catalog databases that you want to synchronize and prompts you for information for each catalog that exists on your node. Specify this option only when you use multiple Oracle catalogs to back up multiple target databases to the same Tivoli Storage Manager server under the same file space, node name, and owner name. According to the number you specify for -numcatalogs, you are prompted for the user name, password, and connect string for each. If you do not specify -numcatalogs, the default is 1, and you are prompted only once. For each catalog, you are prompted for the following information: v Catalog # User Name: v Catalog # Password: v Catalog # Connect String: You are also prompted for the following date information to narrow your search: v From Date: (MM/DD/YYYY) v To Date: (MM/DD/YYYY) If no dates are specified, Data Protection for Oracle displays all objects that are not in sync. Example This is an output example of the tdposync syncdb command: Catalog 1 User Name: rman Catalog 1 Password: rman Catalog 1 Connect String: rman64 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 80. From Date (MM/DD/YYYY): 01/01/2007To Date (MM/DD/YYYY): 01/11/2007PICK WindowThe PICK window provides the following useful information to help you decide ifthe files displayed are indeed out of synchronization with the Oracle catalog:v The node with which you are querying the Tivoli Storage Manager serverv The date of the file backupv The size of the backupv The backup name (/fs//backup file name)Attention: Use caution when selecting files for deletion. If you are unsure thatthe files in question are really out of synchronization, do further research beforedeleting them. Once you delete files, they cannot be restored.Example: This is an example output of the PICK window:Node Name: AGENT_NODE Owner Name: oracle10g Backup Date Size Backup Name ---------------------------------------------------------------- 1. | 01/09/2007 09:19:59 108.01MB /adsmorc//1kc2cnfv_1_1 2. | 01/02/2007 11:36:20 56.25MB /adsmorc//4kc3cnfv_1_1 3. | 01/02/2007 07:14:30 102.00MB /adsmorc//4qcgdhfr_1_1 4. | 01/02/2007 07:21:38 78.10MB /adsmorc//4ocf8999_1_1 5. | 01/09/2007 11:00:11 10.99MB /adsmorc//4ocf8999_1_2 6. | 01/09/2007 11:00:12 32.07MB /adsmorc//4ocf8999_1_3 7. | 01/09/2007 11:00:13 623.90MB /adsmorc//4rch25jk_1_1 8. | 01/09/2007 11:00:14 441.61MB /adsmorc//4rch25jk_1_2 9. | 01/09/2007 11:00:15 10.18MB /adsmorc//4rch25jk_1_3 | | | | | 0--------10-------20-------30-------40-------50-------60-------70<U>=Up =Down <T>=Top <B>=Bottom <R>=Right <L#>=Left<G#>=Goto Line # <#>=Toggle Entry <+>=Select All <->=Deselect All<#:#+>=Select A Range <#:#->=Deselect A Range <O>=Ok <C>=Cancelpick>Files selected for deletion are marked by a plus (+). To delete selected files:1. Enter OK at the PICK prompt. A warning message appears to confirm deletion of the selected files.2. Enter Yes to delete the selected files from the Tivoli Storage Manager server.Attention: The deletion process is irreversible. Use caution when selecting filesfor deletion. Chapter 5. Using the utilities 65
  • 81. 66 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 82. Appendix A. Quick configuration guide This section provides instructions on how to perform a quick configuration of Data Protection for Oracle on an AIX 64-bit machine. This procedure uses default settings and requires minimal configuration tasks. It minimizes set up time and allows you to proceed quickly to a state where you can begin backing up your Oracle databases. Note that you must change the installation paths and library extensions documented in this procedure if you are using an operating system other than AIX 64-bit. See page 43 for detailed instructions on how to customize Data Protection for Oracle for your environment and processing needs. 1. Install Data Protection for Oracle. Detailed installation instructions are available on page 5. 2. Make sure the following link exists: $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.a -> /usr/lib/libobk64.a 3. Change to the /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 directory and copy the tdpo.opt.smp file to tdpo.opt. Edit the tdpo.opt file to include these options: dsmi_orc_config /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64/dsm.opt dsmi_log <directory with write permissions> v More information about these options is available on page 44. 4. In this same directory, create a dsm.opt file. Edit the dsm.opt file to include the following server stanza: SErvername tdpo v More information about this option and the dsm.opt file is available on page 47. 5. Change to the /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64 directory and create a symbolic link to /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/ba/bin/dsm.sys. Edit the dsm.sys file to include another server stanza with the following options: SErvername tdpo COMMMethod TCPip TCPServeraddress x.x.x.x PASSWORDAccess generate passworddir /home/<oracle user> nodename TDPONodeName Replace x.x.x.x with the IP address of the Tivoli Storage Manager server to which Data Protection for Oracle will back up data. Replace <oracle user> with the Oracle User ID of the target Oracle database instance. v More information about the dsm.sys file, these options, and their relationship with Data Protection for Oracle is available on page 47. 6. Register the node to the Tivoli Storage Manager server with the following command: REG NODE hostname_oracle password maxnummp=2 Where hostname is the name of the machine where Data Protection for Oracle is installed and password is the password for this node.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 67
  • 83. 7. Make sure the Oracle user has the following permissions: v Read (r) permission to the /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 and /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/api/bin64 directories. v Read permission (r-) to the tdpo.opt, dsm.opt, and dsm.sys files located in the /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin and /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/api/ bin directories. 8. Change to the /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64 directory and run the tdpoconf password command (as Oracle user) to generate the password file. v More information about this command is available on page 60. 9. Run the tdpoconf showenvironment command to confirm proper configuration. v More information about this command is available on page 61. 10. As Oracle user, run your RMAN backup script with the ENV=(TDPO_OPTFILE=/usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64/tdpo.opt) parameter specified. For example: run { allocate channel t1 type ’sbt_tape’ parms ’ENV=(TDPO_OPTFILE=/usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64/tdpo.opt)’; backup filesperset 5 format ’df_%t_%s_%p’ (database); } Note that the allocate channel entry is divided on two lines after the parms option to accommodate page formatting. v More information about RMAN backup scripts is available on page 55.68 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 84. Appendix B. Using the Tivoli Storage Manager scheduler This section describes how to use the Tivoli Storage Manager scheduler with Data Protection for Oracle to automate online backups of Oracle server databases. The example illustrates the use of the Tivoli Storage Manager Version 5.5 backup-archive client scheduler. Considerations The Tivoli Storage Manager backup–archive client must reside on the same machine as Data Protection for Oracle for the Tivoli Storage Manager scheduler to function. After Data Protection for Oracle has been registered to a Tivoli Storage Manager server and installed on the Oracle server, perform these steps: 1. On the Tivoli Storage Manager server: a. Define a schedule to run an AIX, HP-UX, Linux, or Solaris scheduler backup script (schedbkdb.scr) in the policy domain to which Data Protection for Oracle is registered. b. Associate the Data Protection for Oracle node to the defined schedule. 2. On the machine where Data Protection for Oracle is installed: a. Create a single dsm.sys file from which to associate nodes for your client, Data Protection for Oracle, and scheduled backups. b. Create the scheduler backup script (schedbkdb.scr). This is the script that the Tivoli Storage Manager scheduler invokes directly. c. Create a command script (mysched.scr). This is the script that contains the Oracle environment information and invokes the RMAN backup script. d. Create the RMAN backup script (bkdb.scr). This is the script that actually performs the Oracle RMAN backup. e. Start the scheduler.Setting up a schedule For consistency, this procedure uses specific information. However, you can define a command file with any set of commands you choose. This allows you to use the same command file to define schedules on other Tivoli Storage Manager servers. All command information is presented as command-line interface entries. This schedule in this procedure contains the following settings: v The Data Protection for Oracle node name is NodeA1. v The password for node name NodeA1 is PasswordA1. v The policy domain to which node name NodeA1 is registered is PolicyA1. v The schedule is a daily backup of an online Oracle database. v The scheduled backup begins between 9:00 and 9:15 PM.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 69
  • 85. Part I: On the Tivoli Storage Manager server 1. Define the following schedule on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. You can enter the command on the Tivoli Storage Manager server console or on an Administrative Client. The Administrative Client does not have to be running on the same system as the Tivoli Storage Manager server. define schedule PolicyA1 daily_orcbkup description="08Daily Online DB Backup" action=command objects="/usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/sched/schedbkdb.scr" starttime=21:00 duration=15 durunits=minutes period=1 perunits=day dayofweek=any The following message must display before proceeding to Step 2: ANR2500I Schedule daily_orcbkup defined in policy domain PolicyA1. 2. Issue the following command to associate the Data Protection for Oracle node to the backup schedule defined in Step 1: define association PolicyA1 daily_orcbkup NodeA1 The following message must display before proceeding to Part II: ANR2510I Node NodeA1 associated with schedule orc_dailybkup in policy domain PolicyA1. Summary: v A backup schedule is now defined on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. v The backup schedule will run the scheduler backup script (schedbkdb.scr), which will run the command script (mysched.scr), which will run the RMAN backup script (bkdb.scr) located in the /home/oracle/sched directory. v The backup is performed once a day around 9:00 PM. v The backup schedule can start on any day of the week. v You can run the Tivoli Storage Manager query schedule and query association commands to confirm that the schedule and node association are set correctly. Part II: On the client machine (NodeA1) This example assumes: v The Tivoli Storage Manager backup-archive client is installed on NodeA1 in the /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/ba/bin directory. v Data Protection for Oracle is installed on NodeA1 in the /usr/tivoli/tsm/ client/oracle/bin64 directory. v An AIX operating system is used. It is recommended that the password expiration for the Data Protection for Oracle node (NodeA1) be set to not expire. Otherwise the password will become out of sync between Data Protection for Oracle and the scheduler. This can be done by specifying passwordaccess generate. However, if passwordaccess prompt is already specified, you can prevent password expiration by issuing the following command: update node NodeA1 passexp=0 Scheduling Data Protection for Oracle backups with the Tivoli Storage Manager scheduler requires special configuration issues to be addressed. This procedure addresses this issue by creating a dsm.sys file from which to associate nodes for your client, Data Protection for Oracle, and scheduled backups: 1. Create a dsm.sys file in the /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/ba/bin directory (if one does not already exist) and add the following servername stanzas:70 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 86. a. Add a servername stanza for the file system backups associated with your Tivoli Storage Manager backup-archive client. For example: servername TSMbackup commmethod tcpip tcpserveraddress site.xyzinc.com tcpport 1500 nodename client passwordaccess generate The servername TSMbackup setting must be specified in the dsm.opt file associated with the Tivoli Storage Manager backup-archive client. The default directory location is /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/ba/bin. b. Add a servername stanza for the backups associated with Data Protection for Oracle. For example: servername TSMOracle commmethod tcpip tcpserveraddress site.xyzinc.com tcpport 1500 nodename NodeA1 passwordaccess generate passworddir /home/<oracle user> Replace <oracle user> with the Oracle User ID of the target Oracle database instance.The servername TSMOracle setting must be specified in the dsm.opt file associated with Data Protection for Oracle. The default directory location is /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64. This dsm.opt file can have a unique name, such as dsmoracle.opt. Make sure the dsmi_orc_config option specifies the user options file (dsmoracle.opt in Step 1b) associated with Data Protection for Oracle. For example: dsmi_orc_config /usr/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64/dsmoracle.opt c. Add a servername stanza for the scheduled backups associated with Data Protection for Oracle. For example: servername DPSched commmethod tcpip tcpserveraddress site.xyzinc.com tcpport 1500 nodename NodeA1 passwordaccess generate passworddir /home/<oracle user> Replace <oracle user> with the Oracle User ID of the target Oracle database instance.2. Make sure there is a symbolic link to this dsm.sys file so that the file is available to the Tivoli Storage Manager API directory (/usr/tivoli/tsm/ client/api/bin64).3. Create the scheduler backup script (schedbkdb.scr) in the /usr/tivoli/tsm/ client/oracle/sched/ directory. This is the scheduler backup script that was defined for the scheduler in Step 1 in “Part I: On the Tivoli Storage Manager server” on page 70. This scheduler backup script will run the command script (mysched.scr), which will run the RMAN backup script (bkdb.scr). This is an example of the scheduler backup script (schedbkdb.scr): #!/bin/ksh su - OracleUser -c /home/oracle/sched/mysched.scr Appendix B. Using the Tivoli Storage Manager scheduler 71
  • 87. 4. Create the command script (mysched.scr) in the /home/oracle/sched/ directory. This is an example of the command script (mysched.scr): #!/bin/ksh export ORACLE_HOME=/orc91/app/oracle/product/912 export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH rman target agnttest/agnttest@target rcvcat rman/rman@rman cmdfile /home/oracle/sched/bkdb.scr msglog /home/oracle/sched/bkdb.log You must place the command text, rman target agnttest/agnttest@target rcvcat rman/rman@rman and cmdfile /home/oracle/sched/bkdb.scr msglog /home/oracle/sched/bkdb.log, on the same line in this command script. The command text is placed on two lines in this example to accommodate page formatting. 5. Create the RMAN backup script (bkdb.scr) in the /home/oracle/sched/ directory. This is an example of the RMAN backup script (bkdb.scr): run { allocate channel t1 type ’sbt_tape’ parms ’ENV=(TDPO_OPTFILE=/home/oracle/sched/tdpo.opt)’; allocate channel t2 type ’sbt_tape’ parms ’ENV=(TDPO_OPTFILE=/home/oracle/sched/tdpo.opt)’; backup format ’df_%t_%s_%p_%u_%c’ (database); } 6. Login as the root user to the machine where Data Protection for Oracle is installed as node name NodeA1. 7. Start the scheduler in the inittab. Use the servername parameter to specify the correct stanza to use in the dsm.sys file: dsmc sched -servername=DPSched Data Protection for Oracle is now enabled for scheduled backups.72 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 88. Appendix C. Support information If you have a problem with your IBM software, you want to resolve it quickly. This section describes the following options for obtaining support for IBM software products: v “What to do when you encounter a problem” v “Searching knowledge bases” on page 75 v “Obtaining fixes” on page 75 v “Receiving weekly support updates” on page 76 v “Contacting IBM Software Support” on page 76What to do when you encounter a problem If you encounter a problem while using Data Protection for Oracle or if you cannot start Data Protection for Oracle, do the following: 1. Run the tdpoconf utility showenvironment command to collect information on your options file (–TDPO_OPTFILE=) and specified output files (–outfile=). 2. If the above command ran successfully, check its output to see if the setup worked as expected. 3. If the above command failed, check the tdpoerror.log and dsierror.log files. The tdpoerror.log is a log file created in the installation directory by default. The dsierror.log is generated by the Tivoli Storage Manager API when a problem occurs with the Tivoli Storage Manager API setup. 4. Fix the problem and run the tdpoconf utility again. 5. Verify that the Oracle target database instance is symbolically linked with Data Protection for Oracle: a. Log in as the Oracle user. b. Run the following command: $ ls -al $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.a Look for the libobk link(s) in the systems respective 32-bit or 64-bit library directory. c. Verify that the link points to a file that exists. For example: $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.a -> /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64/libobk64.a or $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libobk.so -> /usr/lib/sparcV9/libobk.so /usr/lib/sparcV9/libobk.so -> /opt/tivoli/tsm/client/oracle/bin64/libobk64.so Make sure that the final link destination is the correct bit level and points to a file that exists. 6. If the problem persists, gather the following information: v A problem description file that includes the command you used and the session output you received when the problem occurred.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 73
  • 89. v The tdpo.opt file specified by TDPO_OPTFILE variable in the RMAN script v The dsm.opt file specified by dsmi_orc_config in the tdpo.opt file v The dsm.sys file v The Data Protection for Oracle error log file (tdpoerror.log) in the following location (listed from highest to lowest precedence): – The value of the Tivoli Storage Manager API errorlogname option specified in the dsm.sys file. – The value of the dsmi_log environment variable. Make sure dsmi_log (specified in the tdpo.opt file) specifies a directory with Read/Write permissions for the Oracle user. By default, the dsmi_log environment variable specifies a directory owned by root. – If a failure occurs during option processing for the initialization, the tdpoerror.log file may be located in $ORACLE_HOME/bin. v The Tivoli Storage Manager API error log file (dsierror.log) in the following location (listed from highest to lowest precedence): – The value of the Tivoli Storage Manager API errorlogname option specified in the dsm.sys file. Make sure errorlogname specifies a directory and file name with Read/Write permissions for the Oracle user. – The value of the dsmi_log environment variable. v The RMAN log file v The Tivoli Storage Manager API trace file To generate the Tivoli Storage Manager API trace file, add the following lines in your dsm.opt file: tracefile /home/oracle/rman/tsmapi.out traceflag service v The node information on the Tivoli Storage Manager server. To obtain this information, enter: query node <nodename> format=detail v The Tivoli Storage Manager server activity log. To obtain this information, enter this Tivoli Storage Manager administrator command: query actlog Note that this command provides one previous hour of activity. Since the activity log should be obtained for the time period immediately prior to the failed operation until a few moments after the failed operation, you can specify the following settings to obtain activity for the exact time of failure: query actlog begindate=MM/DD/YYYY begintime=HH:MM:SS v The Data Protection for Oracle trace file To generate the Data Protection for Oracle trace file, add the following lines in your tdpo.opt file: tdpo_trace_flags orclevel0 orclevel1 orclevel2 tdpo_trace_file /home/oracle/rman/tdpo.out where: orclevel0 Traces out function exit points when errors occur. orclevel1 Traces out normal function entry and exit points. orclevel2 Traces out more detailed information.74 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 90. Note: Any path and file name can be specified for the tdpo_trace_file and tracefile options. However, the directory must exist and have writable rights.Searching knowledge bases You can search the available knowledge bases to determine whether your problem was already encountered and is already documented. Searching the information center IBM provides extensive documentation that can be installed on your local computer or on an intranet server. You can use the search function of this information center to query conceptual information, instructions for completing tasks, and reference information. Searching the Internet If you cannot find an answer to your question in the information center, search the Internet for the latest, most complete information that might help you resolve your problem. To search multiple Internet resources for your product, go to this product support web site: http://www.ibm.com/software/sysmgmt/products/support/ IBMTivoliStorageManager.html and look for the section to search the support knowledge base. From this section, you can search a variety of resources including: v IBM technotes v IBM downloads v IBM Redbooks™ v Forums and newsgroups You can also search the IBM Tivoli Storage Manager: Problem Determination Guide for helpful diagnostic information at this Web site: http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/ infocenter/tivihelp/v1r1 /topic/com.ibm.itsmm.doc/update/main.htmlObtaining fixes A product fix might be available to resolve your problem. To determine what fixes are available for your IBM software product, follow these steps: 1. Go to the IBM Software Support Web site at http://www.ibm.com/software/ support. 2. Click Downloads and drivers in the Support topics section. 3. Select the Software category. 4. Select a product in the Sub-category list. 5. In the Find downloads and drivers by product section, select one software category from the Category list. 6. Select one product from the Sub-category list. 7. Type more search terms in the Search within results if you want to refine your search. 8. Click Search. 9. From the list of downloads returned by your search, click the name of a fix to read the description of the fix and to optionally download the fix. Appendix C. Support information 75
  • 91. For more information about the types of fixes that are available, see the IBM Software Support Handbook at http://techsupport.services.ibm.com/guides/ handbook.html.Receiving weekly support updates To receive weekly e-mail notifications about fixes and other software support news, follow these steps: 1. Go to the IBM Software Support Web site at http://www.ibm.com/software/ support. 2. Click My support in the upper right corner of the page. 3. If you have already registered for My support, sign in and skip to the next step. If you have not registered, click register now. Complete the registration form using your e-mail address as your IBM ID and click Submit. 4. Click Edit profile. 5. In the Products list, select Software. A second list is displayed. 6. In the second list, select the product segment, Storage Management. A third list is displayed. 7. In the third list, select the product sub-segment, Data Protection. A list of applicable products is displayed. 8. Select the products for which you want to receive updates, for example, IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases. 9. Click Add products. 10. After selecting all products that are of interest to you, click Subscribe to email on the Edit profile tab. 11. Select Please send these documents by weekly email. 12. Update your e-mail address as needed. 13. In the Documents list, select Software. 14. Select the types of documents that you want to receive information about. 15. Click Update. If you experience problems with the My support feature, you can obtain help in one of the following ways: Online Send an e-mail message to erchelp@ca.ibm.com, describing your problem. By phone Call 1-800-IBM-4You (1-800-426-4968).Contacting IBM Software Support IBM Software Support provides assistance with product defects. Before contacting IBM Software Support, your company must have an active IBM software maintenance contract, and you must be authorized to submit problems to IBM. The type of software maintenance contract that you need depends on the type of product you have: v For IBM distributed software products (including, but not limited to, Tivoli, Lotus®, and Rational® products, as well as DB2® and WebSphere® products that run on Windows® or UNIX® operating systems), enroll in Passport Advantage® in one of the following ways:76 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 92. Online Go to the Passport Advantage Web site at http://www.lotus.com/ services/passport.nsf/WebDocs/ Passport_Advantage_Home and click How to Enroll. By phone For the phone number to call in your country, go to the IBM Software Support Web site at http://techsupport.services.ibm.com/guides/ contacts.html and click the name of your geographic region. v For customers with Subscription and Support (S & S) contracts, go to the Software Service Request Web site at https://techsupport.services.ibm.com/ ssr/login. v For customers with IBMLink, CATIA, Linux, OS/390, iSeries, pSeries, zSeries, and other support agreements, go to the IBM Support Line Web site at http://www.ibm.com/services/us/index.wss/so/its/a1000030/dt006. v For IBM eServer™ software products (including, but not limited to, DB2 and WebSphere products that run in zSeries, pSeries, and iSeries environments), you can purchase a software maintenance agreement by working directly with an IBM sales representative or an IBM Business Partner. For more information about support for eServer software products, go to the IBM Technical Support Advantage Web site at http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/techsupport.html. If you are not sure what type of software maintenance contract you need, call 1-800-IBMSERV (1-800-426-7378) in the United States. From other countries, go to the contacts page of the IBM Software Support Handbook on the Web at http://techsupport.services.ibm.com/guides/contacts.html and click the name of your geographic region for phone numbers of people who provide support for your location. To contact IBM Software support, follow these steps: 1. “Determining the business impact” 2. “Describing problems and gathering information” on page 78 3. “Submitting problems” on page 78Determining the business impact When you report a problem to IBM, you are asked to supply a severity level. Therefore, you need to understand and assess the business impact of the problem that you are reporting. Use the following criteria: Severity 1 The problem has a critical business impact. You are unable to use the program, resulting in a critical impact on operations. This condition requires an immediate solution. Severity 2 The problem has a significant business impact. The program is usable, but it is severely limited. Severity 3 The problem has some business impact. The program is usable, but less significant features (not critical to operations) are unavailable. Severity 4 The problem has minimal business impact. The problem causes little impact on operations, or a reasonable circumvention to the problem was implemented. Appendix C. Support information 77
  • 93. Describing problems and gathering information When describing a problem to IBM, be as specific as possible. Include all relevant background information so that IBM Software Support specialists can help you solve the problem efficiently. To save time, know the answers to these questions: v What is the operating system platform, version, and release level of the machine on which your Tivoli Storage Manager server product is installed? v What is the version and release level of your Tivoli Storage Manager server product? Enter the query status command to determine this information. For example: query status v The version and release level of your Data Protection for Oracle product and the Tivoli Storage Manager API. You can locate this in the readmedporc_enu.htm file or by running the following commands: – AIX: lslpp -L "tivoli.tsm.*" You can also enter the what /usr/lib/libobk.a command – HP-UX: swlist -v <Data Protection for Oracle installable file> swlist -v TIVsmCapi You can also list all Tivoli package names with this command: swlist | grep Tivoli – Linux: rpm -qa "TDP*" rpm -qa "TIVsm-API*" – Solaris: pkginfo -l <Data Protection for Oracle installable file> pkginfo -l TIVsmCapi You can also list all Tivoli package names with this command: pkginfo -l | grep Tivoli You can also enter the what /usr/lib/libobk.so command. v What software versions were you running when the problem occurred? v What are the bit levels of the Oracle instance, Data Protection for Oracle, and Tivoli Storage Manager API? These bit levels should be the same among these three products. v Do you have logs, traces, and messages that are related to the problem symptoms? IBM Software Support is likely to ask for this information. v Can you create the problem again? If so, what steps were performed to create the problem? v Did you make any changes to the system? For example, did you make changes to the hardware, operating system, networking software, and so on. v Are you currently using a workaround for the problem? If so, be prepared to explain the workaround when you report the problem. Submitting problems You can submit your problem to IBM Software Support in one of two ways: Online Click Submit and track problems on the IBM Software Support site at78 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 94. http://www.ibm.com/software/support/probsub.html. Type your information into the appropriate problem submission form.By phone For the phone number to call in your country, go to the contacts page of the IBM Software Support Handbook at http:// techsupport.services.ibm.com/guides/contacts.html and click the name of your geographic region.If the problem you submit is for a software defect or for missing or inaccuratedocumentation, IBM Software Support creates an Authorized Program AnalysisReport (APAR). The APAR describes the problem in detail. Whenever possible,IBM Software Support provides a workaround for you to implement until theAPAR is resolved and a fix is delivered. IBM publishes resolved APARs on theIBM product support Web pages daily, so that other users who experience thesame problem can benefit from the same resolutions.For more information about problem resolution, see Searching knowledge basesand Obtaining fixes. Appendix C. Support information 79
  • 95. 80 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 96. Appendix D. Accessibility Accessibility features help users with physical disabilities, such as restricted mobility or limited vision, to use software products successfully. The major accessibility features in this product enable users to do the following: v Use assistive technologies, such as screen-reader software and digital speech synthesizer, to hear what is displayed on the screen. Consult the product documentation of the assistive technology for details on using those technologies with this product. v Operate specific or equivalent features using only the keyboard. v Magnify what is displayed on the screen. In addition, the product documentation was modified to include features to aid accessibility: v All documentation is available in both HTML and convertible PDF formats to give the maximum opportunity for users to apply screen-reader software. v All images in the documentation are provided with alternative text so that users with vision impairments can understand the contents of the images.Navigating the interface using the keyboard Standard shortcut and accelerator keys are used by the product and are documented by the operating system. Refer to the documentation provided by your operating system for more information.Magnifying what is displayed on the screen You can enlarge information on the product windows using facilities provided by the operating systems on which the product is run. For example, in a Microsoft Windows environment, you can lower the resolution of the screen to enlarge the font sizes of the text on the screen. Refer to the documentation provided by your operating system for more information.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 81
  • 97. 82 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 98. Appendix E. MessagesANU0003S An internal processing error has ANU0057E The checksum in the license file occurred. (licensefile) does not match the licenseExplanation: An internal processing error has string text.occurred. Explanation: An attempt was made to readSystem action: Processing ends. information from the license file. The checksum wasUser response: Retry the operation. If this error not valid so it appears that the license file is not at thepersists, contact your service representative. correct level. System action: Processing ends. User response: Reinstall the product.ANU0004E An unknown error has been detected.Explanation: An internal processing error hasoccurred that prevents the generation of a message for ANU0058E The ’Try and Buy’ license has expired.a return code. Explanation: This ’Try and Buy’ license that wasSystem action: Processing continues. detected has expired.User response: Retry the operation. If this error System action: Processing ends.persists, contact your service representative. User response: This product is no longer valid for use. A valid license must be obtained before running the product.ANU0005E Out of memory. Stop other processes and try the operation again.Explanation: The machine has run out of memory. ANU0100E Incomplete command:System action: Processing continues. Explanation: This message displays the incompleteUser response: Close unnecessary processes and try command that was entered.the operation again. System action: Processing ends. User response: Re-enter the complete command.ANU0053E License file (licensefile) could not be opened. ANU0101E Invalid argument:Explanation: An attempt to read from the license file Explanation: This message displays the command thatfailed. was entered, up to and including the invalid commandSystem action: Processing ends. or option argument that was detected.User response: Install the product again. This ensures System action: Processing ends.that the correct license file is installed. User response: Re-enter the command specifying a valid argument for the command or option.ANU0054E Read failure on license file (licensefile).Explanation: An attempt was made to read from the ANU0102E Invalid command:license file. This attempt failed. Explanation: This message displays the invalidSystem action: Processing ends. command that was entered.User response: Reinstall the product. This will ensure System action: Processing ends.that the correct license file is installed. User response: Re-enter a valid command.ANU0055E Write failure on license file (licensefile). ANU0103E Invalid option for the specifiedExplanation: An attempt to write to the license file command:failed. Explanation: This message displays the command thatSystem action: Processing ends. was entered, up to and including the option that wasUser response: Make sure enough space exists on the detected as invalid for the command.workstation to write to the license file. If enough space System action: Processing ends.exists, run the command again. User response: Re-enter the command specifying valid command options.ANU0056E Data in the license file (licensefile) is not in a valid format. ANU0104E Invalid option:Explanation: An attempt to read information from the Explanation: This message displays the command thatlicense file failed. was entered, up to and including the invalid optionSystem action: Processing ends. that was detected.User response: Install the product again. System action: Processing ends.© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 83
  • 99. User response: Re-enter the command specifying valid ANU0151E Errors occurred while processing thecommand options. request. Explanation: Attempting to process the requestANU0105E Missing argument: entered, an error occurred.Explanation: This message displays the command that System action: Processing ends.was entered, up to and including the command or User response: Attempt to determine the source of theoption whose required argument is missing. errors from viewing the log file. Correct the problemsSystem action: Processing ends. and try running the command again.User response: Re-enter the command specifying avalid argument for the command or option. ANU0152I Performance stats: seconds seconds spent in apicall API callsANU0132W Tracing could not be started. Processing Explanation: The indicated number of seconds were will continue. spent making API calls for the indicated system.Explanation: A problem prevented tracing from System action: Processing continues.beginning. User response: NoneSystem action: Processing will continue with thecommand entered. ANU0153I Performance stats: seconds seconds spentUser response: Refer to the other messages that in functiondisplay with this message to determine the problem. Explanation: The indicated number of seconds were spent the named function.ANU0133W Could not locate installation directory. System action: Processing continues. Attempting to continue... User response: NoneExplanation: An attempt was made to read theregistry to determine where the Tivoli Data Protection ANU0154E The Data Protection for Oracleapplication client was installed. This attempt failed. application client cannot work with theSystem action: Processing will continue with the version of the Tivoli Storage Managercommand entered. API you have installed. Please installUser response: There should be other messages along version version.release.level or greater.with this one. Refer to the other messages to determine Explanation: The version of the Tivoli Storagethe problem. If the problem can not be determined, it Manager API currently installed on the system is oldermay be necessary to reinstall the application client than the version used to build the Data Protection forcode. This will ensure that the registry entries are set Oracle application client.up correctly. System action: Processing ends. User response: Install a version of the Tivoli StorageANU0134W Could not locate log directory. Manager API at or later than the indicated level. A Processing will continue... copy is distributed with the Data Protection for OracleExplanation: An attempt was made to read the application client.registry to determine where the Tivoli Data Protectionapplication client log is located. This attempt failed. ANU0155E The Data Protection for OracleSystem action: Processing will continue with the application client cannot work with thecommand entered. release of Tivoli Storage Manager APIUser response: There should be other messages along you have installed. Please install releasewith this one. Refer to the other messages to determine version.release.l evel or greater.the problem. If the problem can not be determined, it Explanation: The release of the Tivoli Storagemay be necessary to reinstall the application client Manager API currently installed on the system is oldercode. This will ensure that the registry entries are set than the release used to build the Data Protection forup correctly. Oracle application client. System action: Processing ends.ANU0150I Operation canceled by user. User response: Install a release of the Tivoli StorageExplanation: The user has requested that the Data Manager API at or later than the indicated level. AProtection for Oracle application client end by entering copy is distributed with the Data Protection for Oraclectrl-C. application client.System action: Processing ends.User response: None84 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 100. ANU0156E Could not load the Tivoli Storage ANU0200E File (filename) could not be opened for Manager API. reading.Explanation: The Tivoli Storage Manager API could Explanation: An attempt was made to open a file fornot be loaded. reading. This attempt failed.System action: Processing ends. System action: Processing ends.User response: Ensure the Tivoli Storage Manager API User response: Noneis correctly installed. Run the Data Protection for Oracleapplication client with the /TRACEFLAGS=API ANU0201E File (filename) could not be opened for/TRACEFILE=filename options and view the tracefile writing.to determine why it could not be loaded. Another Explanation: An attempt was made to open a file forpossible cause is that the TSMAPI.DLL does not exist in writing. This attempt failed.the system directory. Re-install the Tivoli Storage System action: Processing ends.Manager API, if this is the case. User response: NoneANU0160E An authentication error occurred with ANU0202E Read failure on file (filename). your stored Tivoli Storage Manager Explanation: An attempt was made to read from a password. file. This attempt failed.Explanation: You were unable to log on to the Tivoli System action: Processing ends.Storage Manager server due an authentication error. User response: NoneSystem action: Processing stops.User response: The stored Tivoli Storage Managerpassword may have become corrupted. Contact your ANU0203E Write failure on file (filename).Tivoli Storage Manager server administrator. Explanation: An attempt was made to write to a file. This attempt failed. System action: Processing ends.ANU0161E Authentication error. The password User response: None entered is not valid. You are not logged on to the Tivoli Storage Manager server.Explanation: An incorrect password was entered. ANU0204E File (filename) could not be closed.System action: Processing stops. Explanation: An attempt was made to close a file.User response: Enter the correct Tivoli Storage This attempt failed.Manager password and try again. System action: Processing ends. User response: NoneANU0162E The passwords entered do not match. Please enter them again. ANU0205E File (filename) statistics could not beExplanation: An incorrect password was entered. obtained.System action: Processing stops. Explanation: An attempt was made to obtain fileUser response: Enter the passwords again. statistics. This attempt failed. System action: Processing ends. User response: NoneANU0163E The directory path needs to be fully-qualified.Explanation: The /intopath option was specified ANU0206E Directory (directory) could not be created.without a fully-qualified path. Explanation: An attempt was made to create aSystem action: Processing stops. directory. This attempt failed.User response: Enter the command again and specify System action: Processing ends.a fully-qualified path in the /intopath option. User response: NoneANU0167E The fully-qualified file name is too ANU0207E Directory path (directorypath) is too long. long. Explanation: An attempt was made to use a directoryExplanation: An attempt was made to use a path that was too long. This attempt failed.fully-qualified file name that was too long. This System action: Processing ends.attempt failed. User response: NoneSystem action: Processing ends.User response: None ANU0208E There is not enough disk space for the operation attempted. Explanation: An attempted operation required more disk space than was available. The attempt failed. System action: Processing ends. Appendix E. Messages 85
  • 101. User response: None ANU0215E All backup objects do not have the same management class backup copyANU0209E The rename of file (filename1) to destination. (filename2) failed. Explanation: In order to maintain backup dataExplanation: An attempt was made to rename a file. integrity, multiple backup objects are sent to the TivoliThis attempt failed. Storage Manager server within a single transaction. AllSystem action: Processing ends. backup objects within a single transaction are requiredUser response: None to have the same management class backup copy destinations. System action: Processing ends.ANU0210E The Tivoli Storage Manager high level User response: Contact your Tivoli Storage Manager qualifier is too long. server administrator.Explanation: An attempt was made to use a TivoliStorage Manager high level qualifier that was too long.This attempt failed. ANU0216E Unable to obtain space information forSystem action: Processing ends. volume (volumename).User response: None Explanation: An attempt was made to obtain space information for a volume. This attempt failed. System action: Processing ends.ANU0211E The Tivoli Storage Manager low level User response: None qualifier is too long.Explanation: An attempt was made to use a TivoliStorage Manager low level qualifier that was too long. ANU0217E The Tivoli Storage Manager filespaceThis attempt failed. name is invalid.System action: Processing ends. Explanation: The filespace name or directoryUser response: None delimeter is invalid. System action: Processing ends. User response: Check that the filespace name length,ANU0212E The Tivoli Storage Manager filespace characters, and directory delimeters are valid. name is too long.Explanation: An attempt was made to use a TivoliStorage Manager filespace name that was too long. This ANU0218E The Tivoli Storage Manager high levelattempt failed. qualifier is invalid.System action: Processing ends. Explanation: The high level qualifier name orUser response: None directory delimeter is invalid. System action: Processing ends. User response: Check that the high level qualifierANU0213E The maximum number of objects name length, characters, and directory delimeters are allowed per Tivoli Storage Manager valid. transaction is t oo small.Explanation: In order to maintain backup dataintegrity, multiple backup objects are sent to the Tivoli ANU0219E The Tivoli Storage Manager low levelStorage Manager server in a single transaction. The qualifier is invalid.Tivoli Storage Manager server has indicated that the Explanation: The low level qualifier name or directorymaximum number of objects allowed per transaction is delimeter is invalid.less than the minimum required by the Data Protection System action: Processing ends.for Oracle application client. User response: Check that the low level qualifierSystem action: Processing ends. name length, characters, and directory delimeters areUser response: Increase the maximum number of valid.objects allowed per transaction on the Tivoli StorageManager server and retry the operation. ANU0256E The password in your Tivoli Storage Manager options file has expired. PleaseANU0214E The backup object’s management class change your password on the Tivoli backup copy group does not exist. Storage Manager server using theExplanation: The Tivoli Storage Manager server has ’change password’ command and thenindicated that the backup object’s management class either change or remove the passwordbackup copy group does not exist. value in your options file.System action: Processing ends. Explanation: Your Tivoli Storage Manager passwordUser response: Contact your Tivoli Storage Manager has expired. You need to change your password.server administrator. System action: Processing ends. User response: Obtain a new password for your Tivoli Storage Manager server; node using the change86 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 102. password command or by asking your Tivoli Storage ANU0264I Could not find the default browserManager Administrator to change your password. defined. An attempt will be made to use Microsoft Internet Explorer.ANU0257E Your password has expired. Explanation: An attempt was made to read theExplanation: Your Tivoli Storage Manager password registry to determine the default browser. However, ahas expired. A new password needs to be obtained. default browser is not defined. A determination will beSystem action: Processing ends. made where Microsoft Internet Explorer is installed.User response: Obtain a new password for your Tivoli System action: Processing continues.Storage Manager node using the change password User response: It is possible that a default browser iscommand or by asking your Tivoli Storage Manager not defined for the system. This is okay. An attemptAdministrator to change your password. will be made to use Microsoft Internet Explorer.ANU0258E You did not enter a valid password. ANU0265E Could not find Internet Explorer. Processing ends. Explanation: An attempt was made to read theExplanation: The password that was entered was not registry to determine where Microsoft’s Interneta valid password. Explorer was installed. This attempt failed.System action: Processing ends. System action: Processing ends.User response: Re-enter the command specifying a User response: Make sure that the registry is set upvalid password. correctly for Internet Explorer.ANU0259E The password you entered for ANU0266E Could not find the Tivoli Storage verification does not match the Manager HTML books. password you entered for your new Explanation: An attempt was made to read the password. Your password will not be registry to determine where the Tivoli Storage Manager changed. books were installed. This attempt failed.Explanation: The password you entered for System action: Processing ends.verification of your new password does not match the User response: It may be necessary to reinstall thenew password that was entered. application client code. This will ensure that theSystem action: Processing ends. registry entries are set up correctly.User response: Try again to change your passwordbeing sure to enter the same password for the new ANU0267E The verify password entered does notpassword and for the verification password. match the new password entered. Explanation: The verify password does not match theANU0260I Password successfully changed. new password.Explanation: The change password command System action: Processing ends.completed successfully User response: Retry the command with a matchingSystem action: Processing ends. verify password.User response: None ANU0300E Invalid restore type.ANU0261I There are no backups for the server Explanation: The type of restore requested is invalid. named servername. System action: Processing ends.Explanation: There are no backups on the Tivoli User response: Re-enter the command specifying aStorage Manager server for the specified server name. valid restore type.System action: Processing ends.User response: None ANU0301E Invalid backup type. Explanation: The type of backup requested is invalid.ANU0263E Failed to start Web browser with a System action: Processing ends. return code of returncode. User response: Re-enter the command specifying aExplanation: An attempt was made to start the web valid backup type.browser to view the TSM HTML b ook. This attemptfailed. ANU351E Invalid trace keyword - ’keyword’System action: Processing ends. Explanation: A TRACEFLAG option in the userUser response: Start your web browser manually and configuration file or on the command line is incorrect.point it to bookfrm.htm in the agent htm directory. System action: Client program did not initialize or tracing was not enabled in the applet. User response: Correct the value. Appendix E. Messages 87
  • 103. ANU357E Unable to open trace output file ANU385E Unable to delete symbolic link ’link’. file-name. Explanation: Log ’linkname’ cannot be a symbolic link.Explanation: A TRACEFILE option in the user System action: Processing stops.configuration file or on the command line used a User response: Delete the symbolic link ’linkname’.directory path and file-name combination to which youdo not have write access. ANU476E program-name: cannot open file file-spec:System action: Client program did not initialize. error.User response: Change the TRACEFILE value so that Explanation: TDP cannot open the file.it is a location to which you have write access. System action: TDP cannot complete the requested operation.ANU366E Unable to close trace output file User response: Retry the operation. If the problem file-name. continues, check with your system administrator.Explanation: An error occurred during the closing of atrace output file-name (for example, not enough disk ANU487E Specifying the error log ’link’ as aspace). symbolic link is not allowed.System action: Processing continues. Explanation: Error log ’linkname’ cannot be a symbolicUser response: Check the options.doc file for a link.description of possible causes of the error, or see your System action: The symbolic link ’linkname’ is deleted,system administrator. the error log is recreated, and processing stops. User response: Check the location of the new errorANU367E Unable to write to trace file tracefile. log. To specify the location of the error logs, refer to the Tracing disabled. user’s manual for the ’errorlogname’ option andExplanation: An error occurred when writing to the ’DSM_LOG’ environmental variable.specified tracefile.System action: Tracing is disabled. Processing ANU488E Initialization functions cannot open thecontinues. error log: log-name. errno = errno-value,User response: Ensure the device that the tracefile Explanation: The file log-name could not be openedaccess is available and has sufficient space for the during initialization. The system set the error codetracefile. Retry the command. errno-value. If the reason given is ″access denied,″ the current user does not have permission to write to theANU368E Invalid trace file name (name too long). log in the directory specified. It is also possible that noExplanation: A TRACEFILE option in the preferences space is available at the given log location.files used a file name that is too long. System action: Processing terminates.System action: Client program did not initialize. User response: Set the DSM_LOG (or DSMI_LOG)User response: Change the file name used as the environment variable to a directory into which theTRACEFILE so that it is equal to or less than 255 current user can write. You may also use thecharacters in length. ERRORLOGNAME option to specify a file to which the current has write permission.ANU383E Specifying the trace file ’link’ as a symbolic link is not allowed. ANU495E Failure writing to a Tivoli StorageExplanation: Trace file ’linkname’ cannot be a symbolic Manager log or log-related file: file-name,link. errno = errno-value, reasonSystem action: The symbolic link ’linkname’ is deleted, Explanation: A failure was encountered when writingthe trace file is recreated, and processing stops. to one of the log files or a related file named file-name.User response: Specify the trace file location with the The system set the error code errno-value. reason is the’tracefile’ option. system explanation of that error code. Among other things, it is possible that no space is available at the given log location.ANU384E Symbolic link ’linkname’ to ’target’ was System action: Processing terminates. successfully deleted. User response: Set the DSM_LOG (or DSMI_LOG)Explanation: Log ’linkname’ cannot be a symbolic link. environment variable to a directory with adequateSystem action: The symbolic link ’linkname’ is deleted, space to write the log data.the log is recreated, and processing stops.User response: Check the location of the new file. Tospecify the location of log files, refer to the user’smanual for the ’errorlogname’ option, the’schedlogname’ option, and the ’DSM_LOG’environmental variable.88 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 104. ANU496I TDP is converting the log-file from ANU516I The Windows console event handler continuous (pruning) mode to wrapping received a ’event’ console event. mode. This process may take several Explanation: A console event was received by one of minutes. the Data Protection for Oracle processes or programs.Explanation: The log-file was previously in continouos The following events can be recevied:mode where the only size control was through the use v Ctrl-C - This indicates either the user entered theof ERRORLOGRETENTION or ctrl-c sequence or that one of the Windows servicesSCHEDLOGRETENTION option. This is the first was stopped.occasion where ERRORLOGMAX or SCHEDLOGMAX System action: None.is specified for this log, so its format must be changed User response: None.and old data saved.System action: Transition processing continues.User response: None. ANU517I An unexpected error was encountered. TDP function name : function-name TDP function : function-desc TDP return code :ANU497I TDP is converting the log-file from TSM-rc TDP file : file-name (line-number) wrapping mode to continuous (pruning) Explanation: None. mode. This process may take several System action: Processing stops. minutes. User response: Contact the TDP administrator withExplanation: The log-file was previously in wrapping the information provided in this message.mode where the size control was through the use of theERRORLOGMAX or SCHEDLOGMAX option. This isthe first occasion where ERRORLOGMAX or ANU518E Backups selected for restore must haveSCHEDLOGMAX is not specified for this log, so its the same backup location (TSM orformat must be changed and old data saved. LOCAL).System action: Transition processing continues. Explanation: A VSS restore operation was submittedUser response: None. that specified multiple backup objects. The backup objects chosen had different backup locations. This is not allowed. All backup objects submitted in the sameANU498I count log records processed. VSS restore operation must have the same backupExplanation: This is just a progress report to let you location, either TSM or LOCAL, but not both.know the process is still ongoing. System action: The VSS restore operation stops.System action: Transition processing continues. User response: Retry the VSS restore operationUser response: None. specifying one backup object at a time.ANU501E Invalid Proxy Configuration Detected: ANU519E The VSS operation failed with rc = Target Node ’targetnode’ is not listed as a returncode. valid node to proxy to for Node Name Explanation: There was a failure when TSM ’nodename’. performed the VSS operation.Explanation: The proxy node configuration on the System action: The VSS operation stops.TSM Server is not correct to support this VSS User response: Verify that the TSM Client Acceptoroperation. Daemon (CAD) is installed, configured, and runningSystem action: The VSS operation stops. properly on the machine. Retry the operation. If theUser response: Contact the TSM Server administrator error persists, contact your service representative.to have the correct TSM Server GRANT PROXYcommands issued to enable proxy authority for thenodes. If the error persists, contact your service ANU520E Failed to connect to Local DSMAGENTrepresentative. Node ’localdsmagentnode’ at address:port ’address:portnumber’. Verify that the TSM Client Acceptor Daemon (CAD) isANU515E Invalid DSMAGENT Node installed, configured, and running configuration found for node properly. ’dsmagentnode’. Explanation: An attempt was made to connect to theExplanation: The DSMAGENT Node specified is not TSM Client Acceptor Daemon (CAD) running on theconfigured properly. local machine. A communication error occurred whenSystem action: The VSS operation stops. this connection was attempted.User response: Verify that the DSMAGENT Node System action: The operation stops.specified is correct and that the Client Acceptor User response: In order to perform VSS operations,Daemon (CAD) is running for the DSMAGENT Node. you must have a TSM Client Acceptor Daemon (CAD)If the error persists, contact your service representative. and a TSM Remote Client Agent Service (DSMAGENT) installed and configured properly. In addition, the TSM Appendix E. Messages 89
  • 105. Client Acceptor Daemon (CAD) must be running. ANU2503E Backup object ’filespacehlll’ already existsVerify that the TSM Client Acceptor Daemon (CAD) is on TSM Server.installed, configured, and running properly on the local Explanation: The object has previously been backedmachine. If the error persists, contact your service up to the TSM Server.representative. System action: Data Protection for Oracle returns to the calling procedure.ANU521E Pruning functions cannot open one of User response: If backing up an object, make sure the Tivoli Storage Manager prune files: Oracle is generating a unique backup object name. log-name. errno = errno-value,Explanation: The file ″log-name″ could not be opened ANU2504E Dissimilar Oracle handleduring pruning. The system set the error code Explanation: The handle passed from Oracle is not theerrno-value. If the reason given is ″access denied,″ the same handle that TSM passed back.current user does not have permission to write to the System action: The system returns to the callingfile in the directory specified. It is also possible that no procedure.space is available at the given file location or another User response: Contact your system administrator.Tivoli Storager Manager process started by differentuser id is performing pruning at the same time.System action: Pruning stops, processing continues. ANU2505I End of file reachedUser response: Set the DSM_LOG (or DSMI_LOG) Explanation: End of file reached.environment variable to a directory into which the System action: The system returns to the callingcurrent user can write. procedure. User response: None.ANU524S Error ’errtxt’ (errno=errno) occurred trying to write to audit log ’file-name’. ANU2506E Wrong Read State The audit log function is disabled. Explanation: The operation must be in READ state.Explanation: There was an error encountered writing System action: The system returns to the callingto the audit log (for example, there is not enough space procedure.on the disk). User response: Contact TSM support.System action: Audit logging is disabled for the restof the operation. The return code for the operation is ANU2507E Runtime API version is outdatedset to 12 to indicate that the contents of the audit log Explanation: Runtime API is lower than compile timeare incomplete. API.User response: If this is an out of space condition System action: The system returns to the callingeither free up space on the volume or try to write the procedure.audit log to a volume with more space. User response: Check compile time API level, obtain same or higher level of API library.ANU2500E Oracle passed an invalid modeExplanation: Invalid mode passed by Oracle. ANU2508E Wrong write stateSystem action: The system returns to the calling Explanation: The operation must be in WRITE state.procedure. System action: The system returns to the callingUser response: Contact your system administrator. procedure. User response: Contact TSM support.ANU2501E Oracle passed a null file nameExplanation: Null file name passed by Oracle. ANU2509E Invalid flag passedSystem action: The system returns to the calling Explanation: Oracle passed an invalid flag.procedure. System action: The system returns to the callingUser response: Contact your system administrator. procedure. User response: Contact your system administrator.ANU2502E Wrong data block sizeExplanation: Wrong data block size. ANU2510E The Caller must be a root userSystem action: The system returns to the calling Explanation: Only a UNIX root user can executeprocedure. passwordUser response: Contact your system administrator. System action: The system returns to the calling procedure. User response: Contact your system administrator.90 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 106. ANU2511E Reduce the number of copies to that ANU2518E License file: license file not valid for this specified in RMAN applicationExplanation: The duplex copy feature has reached Explanation: The license file is not intended for thismaximum allowed copies. application.System action: The system returns to the calling System action: The system returns to the callingprocedure. procedure.User response: Reduce the number of backup copies User response: Reinstall the license that came withto that allowed by RMAN. Data Protection for Oracle.ANU2512E Could not open license file: license file ANU2519E Could not read passwordExplanation: The license file could not be opened. Explanation: There is an invalid password or theSystem action: The system returns to the calling password file cannot be not found.procedure. System action: The system returns to the callingUser response: Check that the license file exists with procedure.the correct permissions. User response: Check that password file exists and is valid.ANU2513E Could not read license file: license fileExplanation: The license file could not be read. ANU2521E Error opening file name. CheckSystem action: The system returns to the calling permissions.procedure. Explanation: A directory could not be created.User response: Check that the license file permissions System action: The system returns to the callingare correct. procedure. User response: Check that permissions allow the creation of directories.ANU2514E Could not write license file: license fileExplanation: The license file could not be written.System action: The system returns to the calling ANU2522E No memory availableprocedure. Explanation: There is not enough system memory toUser response: Check that the license file permissions complete the action.are correct. System action: The system returns to the calling procedure. User response: Make more system resources availableANU2515E Invalid data format in license file: license by closing other applications, then try the action again. fileExplanation: The license file data format is invalid.System action: The system returns to the calling ANU2523E The Management Class does not matchprocedure. Explanation: The management class for the queryUser response: Reinstall the license that came with object could not be found.Data Protection for Oracle. System action: The system returns to the calling procedure. User response: Contact your system administrator.ANU2516E Bad checksum of license file: license fileExplanation: The license file has a bad checksum.System action: The system returns to the calling ANU2525E Input date does not match expected dateprocedure. format or range.User response: Reinstall the license that came with Explanation: The input date does not match theData Protection for Oracle. expected date format or range. System action: The system returns to the calling procedure.ANU2517E Try and Buy Evaluation period is over User response: Check that the format and length of for license file: license file the date entry matches TDP_DATE_FORMAT type andExplanation: The Try and Buy Evaluation period is the range of the date values are valid.Valid days are:over. 1-31Valid months are: 1-12Valid years are:1990-2089System action: The system returns to the callingprocedure.User response: Purchase the product or discontinue ANU2529E To Date cannot occur before From Dateuse. Explanation: The specified To Date occurs before From Date. System action: The system returns this error. User response: Enter a valid To Date that occurs after the From Date. Appendix E. Messages 91
  • 107. ANU2530E Screen size is too small to accurately ANU2537E Error found while parsing options in display the PICK window. Data Protection for Oracle options file.Explanation: You cannot use the PICK option on a Explanation: There was an error found while parsingworkstation that has a screen smaller than 20 characters the Data Protection for Oracle options file.across and 10 lines down. System action: The system returns to the callingSystem action: The operation was not completed. procedure.User response: Retry the operation using a User response: Check that the options and the optionsworkstation that has a screen with the minimum size. file are valid.ANU2531E Could not create a temporary file name ANU2538E Error found while initializing tracing for for Data Protection for Oracle utility Data Protection for Oracle.Explanation: A temporary file name could not be Explanation: Error found while initializing the Datacreated by the Operating System call to tempnam(). Protection for Oracle trace facility.System action: The system returns to the calling System action: The system returns to the callingprocedure. procedure.User response: Check with the Operating System User response: Contact your system administrator.Vendor for specific reasons why the function call totempnam() could fail. Take the necessary corrective ANU2539E Function Name: Error - string pointer isaction and try operation again. NULL. Explanation: A NULL pointer was passed to DataANU2532E Unknown Error - View the Data Protection for Oracle. Protection for Oracle error log System action: The system returns to the callingExplanation: There was an unknown error. View the procedure.tdpoerror.log. User response: Contact your system administrator.System action: NoneUser response: None ANU2571E Could not load the library: library Data Protection for OracleANU2533E SQLPLUS error Explanation: Library cannot be loaded.Explanation: The utility could not find SQLPLUS or System action: The system returns to the callingthere was a scripting error. procedure.System action: The system returns to the calling User response: Check that the library exists.procedure.User response: Check that SQLPLUS is installed and ANU2575E An error was detected while attemptinglocated in your search path. Verify the password. to open the file ’filename’ for writing. Explanation: The Data Protection for Oracle utilityANU2534E Option file error. failed to open the file named in the error message.Explanation: The option or option file name is invalid. System action: The system returns to the callingSystem action: The system returns to the calling procedure.procedure. User response: Check to ensure that the directoryUser response: Check the tdpoerror.log file for an exists or that the directory has write permission, andexplanation of the error. that the disk is not full. Take the necessary corrective action and try operation again.ANU2535I File /fs/hl/ll = number bytes sentExplanation: This is the total bytes sent to the server ANU2576E An error was detected while attemptingfor that file name to open the file ’filename’ for reading.System action: The system returns to the calling Explanation: The Data Protection for Oracle utilityprocedure. failed to open the temporary file named in the errorUser response: Check the TSM Server activity log. message. System action: The system returns to the calling procedure.ANU2536I File /fs/hl/ll = number bytes recieved User response: Check to ensure that the file named inExplanation: This is the total bytes received from the the error exists in the path specified and that the fileserver for that backup file name. named has read permissions. Take the necessarySystem action: The system returns to the calling corrective action and try operation again.procedure.User response: Check the TSM Server activity log.92 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 108. ANU2600E There is no Registry entry for the TSM ANU2616E Empty parameter specified for option API. ’option’ in options file ’filename’.Explanation: The Windows Registry entry was not Explanation: The option specified must have afound. parameter supplied.System action: The system returns to the calling System action: The system returns to the callingprocedure. procedure.User response: Check that the TSM API is installed User response: Ensure that a valid parameter for thecorrectly. given option is entered and valid.ANU2601E There is no Registry entry for the Data Protection for Oracle install path.Explanation: The Registry Entry for the DataProtection for Oracle install path was not found.System action: The system returns to the callingprocedure.User response: Check that Data Protection for Oraclewas installed correctly.ANU2602E The object Filespace NameHigh Level NameLow Level Name was not found on the TSM ServerExplanation: The object name was not found on theTSM Server.System action: The system returns to the callingprocedure.User response: Check that the object name is correctand that it exists on the TSM Server.ANU2603E The option Option Name in file Filename is invalid.Explanation: An incorrect option was passed into theData Protection for Oracle options file.System action: The system returns to the callingprocedure.User response: Verify that your options are correct inthe Data Protection for Oracle options file.ANU2614E Invalid sequence of function calls to Data Protection for OracleExplanation: Data Protection for Oracle received afunction call from Oracle that is out of sequence.System action: Data Protection for Oracle returns tothe calling procedure.User response: Contact Oracle or Data Protection forOracle support.ANU2615E Options file ’filename’ not found.Explanation: The option file name specified could notbe located.System action: The system returns to the callingprocedure.User response: Ensure that an option file exists in thedefault path or that the user specified option file isvalid. Appendix E. Messages 93
  • 109. 94 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 110. Notices This information was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A. IBM may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in other countries. Consult your local IBM representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. Any reference to an IBM product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that IBM product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product, program, or service that does not infringe any IBM intellectual property right may be used instead. However, it is the user’s responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any non-IBM product, program, or service. IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, in writing, to: IBM Director of Licensing IBM Corporation North Castle Drive Armonk, NY 10504-1785 U.S.A. The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION ″AS IS″ WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to you. This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time without notice. Any references in this information to non-IBM Web sites are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of the materials for this IBM product and use of those Web sites is at your own risk. IBM may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you. Licensees of this program who wish to have information about it for the purpose of enabling: (i) the exchange of information between independently created programs and other programs (including this one) and (ii) the mutual use of the information which has been exchanged, should contact: IBM Corporation Information Enabling Requests© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 95
  • 111. Dept. M13 5600 Cottle Road San Jose CA 95193-0001 U.S.A. Such information may be available, subject to appropriate terms and conditions, including in some cases, payment of a fee. The licensed program described in this document and all licensed material available for it are provided by IBM under terms of the IBM Customer Agreement, IBM International Program License Agreement or any equivalent agreement between us. Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of those products, their published announcements or other publicly available sources. IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, compatibility or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. This information is for planning purposes only. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available. If you are viewing this information softcopy, the photographs and color illustrations may not appear.96 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 112. Trademarks IBM, the IBM logo and the following terms are trademarks of the International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both: AIX OpenEdition AS/400 OS/2 DB2 OS/390 DFS OS/400 DFSMS/MVS Passport Advantage DFSMShsm pSeries DFSMSrmm RACF DPI Rational Enterprise Storage Server Redbooks ESCON RS/6000 eServer S/390 FICON SANergy FlashCopy SecureWay HACMP StorageSmart Informix SystemView iSeries Tivoli Lotus Tivoli Enterprise Console Lotus 1-2-3 Tivoli Management Enterprise Lotus Approach TotalStorage Lotus Domino TME Lotus Notes VTAM Magstar WebSphere MVS z/OS NetView zSeries Intel, Intel Inside (logos), MMX and Pentium are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. Java and all Java-based trademarks are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both. Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both. Other company, product or service names may be trademarks or service marks of others. Notices 97
  • 113. 98 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 114. IndexA communication methods (continued) Solaris SPARC 32-bit 30 dsm.sys (continued) required options 48accessibility x Solaris SPARC 64-bit 33 dsmi_log 44AIX 6.1 Solaris x86 32-bit 36 dsmi_orc_config 44 options 44 Solaris x86_64 39 and the Tivoli Storage ManagerAIX 64-bit compression 49 scheduler 71 communication methods 6 conventions duplex copy disk space requirements 6 typeface x considerations 57 hardware requirements 6 customer support overview 56 installation instructions 7 See Software Support installation requirements 6 memory requirements 6 operating system requirements 6 E software requirements 6 D educationarchive copy group 52 Data Protection for Oracle see Tivoli technical training ix and Oracle databases 55 enablelanfree 50 configuring 47 examplesB generating trace file 74 installation requirements duplex copy 57 include/exclude 52backdelete AIX 64-bit 6 invoking RMAN 55 and Data Protection for Oracle HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit 12 removing backups 58 node 47 HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit 9 RMAN scripts 56 and Tivoli Storage Manager Linux IA64 21 tdpoconf password command 60 policy 52 Linux on POWER 24 tdpoconf showenvironmentbackup copy group values 51 Linux x86 32-bit 15 command 61backups Linux x86_64 18 tdposync syncdb command 64 automating 69 Linux zSeries 64-bit 27 pick window 65 removing 58 Solaris SPARC 32-bit 30 Tivoli Storage Manager scheduler 69bkdb.log 55 Solaris SPARC 64-bit 33 expiration of objects 51bkdb.scr Solaris x86 32-bit 36 and the Tivoli Storage Manager Solaris x86_64 39 scheduler 69, 70, 72books installing 5 overview 2 F see publications ix fixes, obtaining 75 recommendations 63 Recovery Manager (RMAN) 2 reporting problems 73C supported Oracle versions 2 Hcommand line syntax Tivoli Storage Manager policy hardware requirements characteristics 59 requirements 51 AIX 64-bit 6commands version migration 3 HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit 12 Oracle disk space requirements HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit 9 change 58 AIX 64-bit 6 Linux IA64 21 tdpoconf password 60 HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit 12 Linux on POWER 24 tdpoconf showenvironment 61 HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit 9 Linux x86 32-bit 15 tdposync Linux IA64 21 Linux x86_64 18 syncdb 64 Linux on POWER 24 Linux zSeries 64-bit 27 Tivoli Storage Manager server Linux x86 32-bit 15 Solaris SPARC 32-bit 30 query actlog 74 Linux x86_64 18 Solaris SPARC 64-bit 33 query association 70 Linux zSeries 64-bit 27 Solaris x86 32-bit 36 query node 57, 74 Solaris SPARC 32-bit 30 Solaris x86_64 39 query schedule 70 Solaris SPARC 64-bit 33 HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bitcommmethod Solaris x86 32-bit 36 communication methods 12 description 49 Solaris x86_64 39 disk space requirements 12communication methods dsierror.log hardware requirements 12 AIX 64-bit 6 problem determination 73 installation instructions 13 HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit 12 dsm.opt installation requirements 12 HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit 9 description 47 memory requirements 12 Linux IA64 21 problem determination 73 operating system requirements 12 Linux on POWER 24 required options 49 options 44 Linux x86 32-bit 15 dsm.sys software requirements 12 Linux x86_64 18 description 47 HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit Linux zSeries 64-bit 27 recommended options 49 communication methods 9© Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2008 99
  • 115. HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit (continued) Linux IA64 (continued) migration considerations 3 disk space requirements 9 hardware requirements 21 hardware requirements 9 installation instructions 22 installation instructions 10 installation requirements 9 installation requirements 21 memory requirements 21 N node name memory requirements 9 operating system requirements 21 registration 46 operating system requirements 9 software requirements 21 nodename 48 options 44 Linux on POWER numcatalogs software requirements 9 communication methods 24 and tdposync syncdb command 64 disk space requirements 24 hardware requirements 24I installation instructions 25 installation requirements 24 Oinclexcl memory requirements 24 online publications and Tivoli Storage Manager operating system requirements 24 accessing ix policy 52 options 44 operating system requirementsinclude software requirements 24 AIX 64-bit 6 and duplex copy 57 Linux x86 32-bit HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit 12 and Tivoli Storage Manager communication methods 15 HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit 9 policy 52 disk space requirements 15 Linux IA64 21 description 50 hardware requirements 15 Linux on POWER 24information centers, searching for installation instructions 16 Linux x86 32-bit 15 problem resolution 75 installation requirements 15 Linux x86_64 18installation memory requirements 15 Linux zSeries 64-bit 27 instructions operating system requirements 15 Solaris SPARC 32-bit 30 AIX 64-bit 7 software requirements 15 Solaris SPARC 64-bit 33 HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit 13 Linux x86_64 Solaris x86 32-bit 36 HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit 10 communication methods 18 Solaris x86_64 39 Linux IA64 22 disk space requirements 18 options 44 Linux on POWER 25 hardware requirements 18 ordering publications ix Linux x86 32-bit 16 installation instructions 19 outfile Linux x86_64 19 installation requirements 18 and tdpoconf showenvironment Linux zSeries 64-bit 28 memory requirements 18 command 61 node name registration 46 operating system requirements 18 Solaris SPARC 32-bit 31 options 44 Solaris SPARC 64-bit 34 Solaris x86 32-bit 37 software requirements 18 Linux zSeries 64-bit P Solaris x86_64 40 passwordaccess 48 communication methods 27 requirements pick window 65 disk space requirements 27 AIX 64-bit 6 policy domain 51 hardware requirements 27 HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit 12 problem determination installation instructions 28 HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit 9 describing problems 78 installation requirements 27 Linux IA64 21 determining business impact 77 memory requirements 27 Linux on POWER 24 guidelines 73 operating system requirements 27 Linux x86 32-bit 15 submitting problems 78 options 44 Linux x86_64 18 publications software requirements 27 Linux zSeries 64-bit 27 accessing online ix Solaris SPARC 32-bit 30 ordering ix Solaris SPARC 64-bit 33 Solaris x86 32-bit 36 MInternet Solaris x86_64 39 management class for automatic expiration 51 R readmedporc_enu.htm 5 searching for problem resolution 75 manuals retonly see publications ix and Tivoli Storage Manager maxnummp 57 policy 51K memory requirements AIX 64-bit 6 RMANknowledge bases, searching for problem description 2 HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit 12 resolution 75 invoking 55 HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit 9 scripts 56 Linux IA64 21 Linux on POWER 24L Linux x86 32-bit 15LAN-free data transfer Linux x86_64 18 S description 3 Linux zSeries 64-bit 27 schedbkdb.scr 71 options 50 Solaris SPARC 32-bit 30 scripts 56Linux IA64 Solaris SPARC 64-bit 33 servername communication methods 21 Solaris x86 32-bit 36 and dsm.opt 49 disk space requirements 21 Solaris x86_64 39 and dsm.sys 48100 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 116. servername (continued) and the Tivoli Storage Manager T V scheduler 70, 72 tcpserveraddress 49 verdeletedset duplex 57 tdpo_date_fmt 45 and Tivoli Storage Managersoftware requirements tdpo_fs 44 policy 51 AIX 64-bit 6 tdpo_mgmt_class_2 46 HP-UX Itanium 2 64-bit 12 tdpo_mgmt_class_3 46 HP-UX PA-RISC 64-bit 9 tdpo_mgmt_class_4 46 Linux IA64 21 tdpo_node 44 Linux on POWER 24 tdpo_num_fmt 46 Linux x86 32-bit 15 TDPO_OPTFILE Linux x86_64 18 and tdpoconf password command 60 Linux zSeries 64-bit 27 and tdpoconf showenvironment Solaris SPARC 32-bit 30 command 61 Solaris SPARC 64-bit 33 and tdposync syncdb command 64 Solaris x86 32-bit 36 example 43 Solaris x86_64 39 tdpo_owner 44Software Support tdpo_pswdpath 44 contacting 76 tdpo_time_fmt 46 describing problems 78 tdpo_trace_file 75 determining business impact 77 tdpo.opt receiving weekly updates 76 and version migration 3 submitting problems 78 description 43Solaris SPARC 32-bit problem determination 73 communication methods 30 tdpoconf disk space requirements 30 and password initialization 53 hardware requirements 30 and tdpo.opt 43 installation instructions 31 description 60 installation requirements 30 for problem determination 73 memory requirements 30 password command 60 operating system requirements 30 example 60 options 44 syntax diagram 60 software requirements 30 TDPO_OPTFILE 60Solaris SPARC 64-bit showenvironment command 61 communication methods 33 example 61 disk space requirements 33 outfile 61 hardware requirements 33 syntax diagram 61 installation instructions 34 TDPO_OPTFILE 61 installation requirements 33 tdpoerror.log memory requirements 33 how to specify 44 operating system requirements 33 problem determination 73 options 44 tdposync software requirements 33 and tdpo.opt 43Solaris x86 32-bit considerations 63 communication methods 36 description 62 disk space requirements 36 syncdb command 64 hardware requirements 36 example 64 installation instructions 37 numcatalogs 64 installation requirements 36 pick window 65 memory requirements 36 syntax diagram 64 operating system requirements 36 TDPO_OPTFILE 64 options 44 Tivoli software information center ix software requirements 36 Tivoli Storage ManagerSolaris x86_64 functions 1 communication methods 39 management class 52 disk space requirements 39 policy requirements 51 hardware requirements 39 scheduler 69 installation instructions 40 services 1 installation requirements 39 Tivoli Storage Manager API trace file 74 memory requirements 39 Tivoli technical training ix operating system requirements 39 trace file, generating 74 options 44 tracefile 75 software requirements 39 training, Tivoli technical ix typeface conventions x Index 101
  • 117. 102 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Databases: Data Protection for Oracle for UNIX and Linux Installation and User’s Guide
  • 118. Program Number: 5608-APDPrinted in USASC32-9064-04