Ibm tivoli storage manager for aix server administrator version 5.5

1,676
-1

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,676
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
42
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ibm tivoli storage manager for aix server administrator version 5.5

  1. 1. Tivoli Storage Manager ® for AIXVersion 5.5Administrator’s Guide SC32-0117-01
  2. 2. Tivoli Storage Manager ® for AIXVersion 5.5Administrator’s Guide SC32-0117-01
  3. 3. Note! Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read the general information under Appendix E, “Notices,” on page 831.Edition NoticeThis edition applies to Version 5.5 of the IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for AIX (product numbers 5608-HSM,5608-ISM, 5608-ISX, 5608-SAN, 5608-ARM) and to any subsequent releases until otherwise indicated in new editionsor technical newsletters.Changes since the previous edition are marked with a vertical bar ( | ) in the left margin. Ensure that you are usingthe correct edition for the level of the product.Order publications through your sales representative or the branch office serving your locality.Your feedback is important in helping to provide the most accurate and high-quality information. If you havecomments about this book or any other Tivoli Storage Manager documentation, please see “Support Information”on page xv.© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 1993, 2007. All rights reserved.US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contractwith IBM Corp.
  4. 4. Contents About this Publication . . . . . . . . xiii Monitoring the IBM Tivoli Storage Manager IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Publications . . . . xiii Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Library . . . . . xiii Working with a Network of IBM Tivoli Storage Related IBM Publications . . . . . . . . . xv Manager Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Accessing Publications Online . . . . . . . xv Exporting and Importing Data . . . . . . . 35 Tivoli Technical Training . . . . . . . . . . xv Protecting IBM Tivoli Storage Manager and Client Support Information . . . . . . . . . . . xv Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Searching knowledge bases . . . . . . . . xv Protecting the Server . . . . . . . . . . 36 Obtaining fixes . . . . . . . . . . . . xvi Managing Servers with the Administration Center 37 Contacting IBM Software Support . . . . . xvi Using the Administration Center . . . . . . 37 Conventions Used in This Guide . . . . . . xviii Functions not in the Administration Center . . . 39 | Protecting the Administration Center . . . . . 42 Changes for Tivoli Storage Manager Version 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix Part 2. Configuring and Managing| Technical Changes for Version 5 Release 5 — Server Storage . . . . . . . . . . 45| November 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix Chapter 3. Introducing Storage Devices 47 Part 1. IBM Tivoli Storage Manager How to Use the Server Storage Chapters . . . . 47 Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Storage Devices . . . 48 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Storage Objects . . . 48 Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Chapter 1. Introducing IBM Tivoli Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Device Class . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 How IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Stores Client Data 5 Library, Drive, and Device Class . . . . . . 53 Options for Data Protection . . . . . . . . 8 Storage Pool and Storage Pool Volume . . . . 53 How Data Moves to Server Storage . . . . . 14 Data Movers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Consolidating Backed-up Data for Clients . . . 15 Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 How the Server Manages Storage . . . . . . . 16 Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Device Support . . 16 IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Volumes . . . . . . 55 Migrating Data through the Storage Hierarchy . 16 The Volume Inventory for an Automated Library 56 Removing Expired Data . . . . . . . . . 17 Planning for Server Storage . . . . . . . . . 57 Selecting a Device Configuration . . . . . . . 58 Chapter 2. Getting Started with Tivoli Devices on a Local Area Network . . . . . . 58 Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . 19 Devices on a Storage Area Network . . . . . 58 Interfaces to Tivoli Storage Manager . . . . . . 19 LAN-Free Data Movement . . . . . . . . 60 Customizing the Server with the Server Options File 20 Network-attached Storage . . . . . . . . 61 Configuring and Managing Server Storage . . . . 20 How IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Mounts and Using Hard Disk Devices with IBM Tivoli Dismounts Removable Media . . . . . . . . 63 Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . 21 How IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Uses and Reuses Using Removable Media Devices with IBM Tivoli Removable Media . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Storage Manager . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Configuring Devices . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Using Tape Volumes . . . . . . . . . . 22 Example: Mapping Devices to Device Classes . . 68 Migrating Data from Disk to Tape . . . . . . 22 Mapping Storage Pools to Device Classes and Managing Storage Pools and Volumes . . . . 23 Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Using HACMP for Server Availability . . . . . 24 Managing Client Operations . . . . . . . . . 25 Chapter 4. Using Magnetic Disk Managing Client Nodes . . . . . . . . . 25 Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Managing Security . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Configuring Disk Devices . . . . . . . . . 71 Implementing Policies for Client Data . . . . 27 Requirements for Disk Subsystems . . . . . 71 Scheduling Client Operations . . . . . . . 29 Comparing Random Access and Sequential Maintaining the Server . . . . . . . . . . 32 Access Disk Devices . . . . . . . . . . 73 Managing Server Operations . . . . . . . 32 Choosing Between Files and Raw Logical Automating Server Operations . . . . . . . 32 Volumes for Random Access Volumes . . . . 76 Managing the Database and Recovery Log . . . 33 © Copyright IBM Corp. 1993, 2007 iii
  5. 5. Configuring Random Access Volumes on Disk Define the Devices to IBM Tivoli Storage Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Configuring FILE Sequential Volumes on Disk Check in and Label Library Volumes . . . . 109 Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Using the Devices to Store Client Data . . . . 110Varying Disk Volumes Online or Offline . . . . . 78 Sharing an IBM 3494 Library Among Servers . . . 110Using Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Setting up Server Communications . . . . . 110Freeing Space on Disk . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Set up the Device on the Server System and theSpecifying Scratch FILE Volumes . . . . . . . 80 SAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110Using FILE Volumes for Database Backups and Setting up the Library Manager Server . . . . 111Export Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Setting up the Library Client Servers . . . . 111 Using the Devices to Store Client Data . . . . 112Chapter 5. Attaching Devices to the Migrating an IBM 3494 Library to Control by aServer System . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Library Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Sharing an IBM 3494 Library by Static PartitioningDevices Supported by Tivoli Storage Manager . . . 81 of Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114Attaching a Manual Drive . . . . . . . . . 81 Set up the Device on the Servers . . . . . . 114Attaching an Automated Library Device . . . . . 82 Define the Devices to IBM Tivoli Storage Setting the Library Mode . . . . . . . . . 82 Manager ASTRO . . . . . . . . . . . 114Installing and Configuring Device Drivers . . . . 83 Define the Devices to Tivoli Storage Manager Drivers for IBM Devices . . . . . . . . . 83 JUDY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Drivers for non-IBM Devices . . . . . . . 84 Configuring ACSLS-Managed Libraries . . . . . 117 Determining Device Special File Names . . . . 85 Set up the Device on the Server System . . . 117 Installing Device Drivers for IBM SCSI Tape Define the Devices to IBM Tivoli Storage Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Installing Device Drivers for IBM 349X Libraries 87 Setting up the Library Manager Server . . . . 121 Configuring Tivoli Storage Manager Device Setting up the Library Client Servers . . . . 122 Drivers for Autochangers . . . . . . . . . 87 Check In and Label Library Volumes . . . . 123 Configuring Tivoli Storage Manager Device Using the Devices to Store Client Data . . . . 123 Drivers for Tape or Optical Drives . . . . . . 87 Configuring Removable File Devices . . . . . 123 Managing SCSI Devices and Fibre Channel Example of Removable File Support . . . . . 124 Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Labeling Requirements for Optical and Other Removable Files Devices . . . . . . . . 125Chapter 6. Configuring Storage Devices 91 Configuring Libraries Controlled by MediaDevice Configuration Overview . . . . . . . 92 Manager Programs . . . . . . . . . . . 125Mixing Device Types in Libraries . . . . . . . 92 Setting up Tivoli Storage Manager to Work with Mixing Different Media Generations in Libraries 93 an External Media Manager . . . . . . . 125 Mixed Media and Storage Pools . . . . . . 94 Managing Externally Controlled IBM TivoliServer Options that Affect Storage Operations . . . 94 Storage Manager Media . . . . . . . . . 126Configuring SCSI Libraries used by One Server . . 95 Using the Devices to Store Client Data . . . . 127 Set up the Devices on the Server System. . . . 95 Configuring Manually Mounted Devices . . . . 127 Define the Devices to IBM Tivoli Storage Set up the Device on the Server System . . . 127 Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Define the Device to IBM Tivoli Storage Check in and Label Library Volumes . . . . . 99 Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 Using the Devices to Store Client Data . . . . 100 Label Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . 129Configuring SCSI Libraries Shared Among Servers Using the Devices to Store Client Data . . . . 129on a SAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Configuring IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Setting up Server Communications . . . . . 100 LAN-free Data Movement . . . . . . . . . 129 Set up the Device on the Server Systems and the Validating your LAN-free Configuration . . . 130 SAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 | Running SAN Discovery Functions for Non-root Setting up the Library Manager Server . . . . 101 | Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Setting up the Library Client Servers . . . . 102 Configuring IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for Using the Devices to Store Client Data . . . . 103 NDMP Operations. . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Migrating DEFINE DRIVE and DEFINE PATH Defining Devices and Paths . . . . . . . . 131 Definitions to the Library Manager Server . . . 103 Defining Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . 132Configuring IBM 3494 Libraries . . . . . . . 103 Defining Drives . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Categories in an IBM 3494 Library . . . . . 104 Defining Data Movers . . . . . . . . . 134 Upgrade Procedure for 3494 Libraries with Both Defining Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 3490 and 3590 Drives Defined . . . . . . . 105 Recovering from Device Changes on the SAN . . 136Configuring an IBM 3494 Library for Use by OneServer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Chapter 7. Using NDMP for Set up the Device on the Server System . . . 105 Operations with NAS File Servers . . 139iv IBM Tivoli Storage Manager for AIX: Administrator’s Guide
  6. 6. Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Maintaining a Supply of Scratch Volumes . . . 179Interfaces Used for NDMP Operations . . . . . 141 Maintaining a Supply of Volumes in a LibraryData Formats for Backup Operations Using NDMP 142 Containing WORM Media . . . . . . . . 179Planning for NDMP Operations . . . . . . . 142 Managing Volumes in Automated Libraries . . . 180 Planning for Tape Libraries and Drives used in Changing the Status of a Volume . . . . . . 181 NDMP Operations. . . . . . . . . . . 142 Removing Volumes from a Library . . . . . 181 Determining Where to Attach the Tape Library Returning Volumes to a Library . . . . . . 181 Robotics When Backing Up to a Library Directly Managing a Full Library . . . . . . . . . 181 Attached to the NAS Device . . . . . . . 142 Auditing a Library’s Volume Inventory . . . . 182 Determining How to Use the Drives in the Maintaining a Supply of Scratch Volumes in an Library When Backing Up to a Library Attached Automated Library . . . . . . . . . . 183 Directly to the NAS Device . . . . . . . . 147 Performing Operations with Shared Libraries 183 Planning for File-Level Restore . . . . . . 149 Managing Server Requests for Media . . . . . 184 Directory-Level Backup and Restore . . . . . 150 Using the Administrative Client for MountConfiguring Tivoli Storage Manager for NDMP Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Mount Operations for Manual Libraries . . . 185 Step 1. Determining Location of NAS Backup 151 Handling Messages for Automated Libraries 185 Step 2. Setting Up Tape Libraries for NDMP Requesting Information about Pending Operator Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Step 3. Configuring Tivoli Storage Manager Replying to Operator Requests . . . . . . 185 Policy for NDMP Operations . . . . . . . 155 Canceling an Operator Request . . . . . . 186 Step 4. Registering NAS Nodes with the Tivoli Responding to Requests for Volume Check-In 186 Storage Manager Server . . . . . . . . . 156 Determining Which Volumes Are Mounted . . 187 Step 5. Defining a Data Mover for the NAS File Dismounting an Idle Volume . . . . . . . 187 Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Managing Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . 187 Step 6. Defining a Path to a Library . . . . . 157 Requesting Information About Libraries . . . 187 Step 7. Defining Tape Drives and Paths for Updating Libraries . . . . . . . . . . 188 NDMP Operations. . . . . . . . . . . 158 Deleting Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Step 8. Labeling Tapes and Checking Tapes into Managing Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 the Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Requesting Information about Drives . . . . 189 Step 9. Scheduling NDMP Operations . . . . 158 Updating Drives . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Step 10. Defining Virtual File Spaces. . . . . 159 Using Drive Encryption . . . . . . . . . 190 Step 11. Tape-to-Tape Copy to Back Up Data 159 Cleaning Drives . . . . . . . . . . . 191 Step 12. Tape-to-Tape Copy to Move Data . . . 159 Deleting Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . 195Backing Up and Restoring NAS File Servers Using Managing Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . 195NDMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Requesting Information About Paths . . . . 195 Performing File-Level Restore . . . . . . . 160 Updating Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 Performing Directory-Level Backup and Restore 161 Deleting Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . 196Performing NDMP Filer to Tivoli Storage Manager Managing Data Movers . . . . . . . . . . 196Server Backups . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 Requesting Information About Data Movers . . 196Managing NDMP Operations . . . . . . . . 164 Updating Data Movers . . . . . . . . . 196 Managing NAS File Server Nodes . . . . . 164 Deleting Data Movers . . . . . . . . . 197 Managing Data Movers Used in NDMP Handling Tape Alert Messages . . . . . . . 197 Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 Dedicating a Tivoli Storage Manager Drive to Chapter 9. Defining Device Classes 199 NDMP Operations. . . . . . . . . . . 165 Defining and Updating Device Classes for Managing Storage Pools for NDMP Operations 165 Sequential Media . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 Managing Table of Contents . . . . . . . 166 Defining and Updating Tape Device Classes . . 201 Defining and Updating 3592 Device Classes . . 205Chapter 8. Managing Removable Defining and Updating GENERICTAPE DeviceMedia Operations . . . . . . . . . 167 Classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208Preparing Removable Media . . . . . . . . 167 Defining and Updating OPTICAL Device Labeling Removable Media Volumes . . . . 168 Classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208 Checking New Volumes into a Library . . . . 171 Defining and Updating REMOVABLEFILE Special Considerations for WORM Tape Media 174 Device Classes . . . . . . . . . . . . 209Managing the Volume Inventory . . . . . . . 176 Defining and Updating FILE Device Classes . . 210 Controlling Access to Volumes . . . . . . 176 Defining and Updating LTO Device Classes . . 214 Reusing Tapes in Storage Pools . . . . . . 177 Defining and Updating SERVER Device Classes 216 Setting Up a Tape Rotation . . . . . . . . 177 Defining and Updating VOLSAFE Device Reusing Volumes Used for Database Backups Classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 and Export Operations . . . . . . . . . 179 Contents v
  7. 7. Defining and Updating CENTERA Device Planning for and Enabling Collocation . . . . 286 Classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Reclaiming Space in Sequential Access StorageRequesting Information about a Device Class . . . 221 Pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288Deleting a Device Class . . . . . . . . . . 222 How IBM Tivoli Storage Manager ReclamationHow Tivoli Storage Manager Fills Volumes . . . 223 Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289 Using Data Compression . . . . . . . . 223 Choosing a Reclamation Threshold . . . . . 291 Tape Volume C