ISO is a network of the national standards institutes of 163 countries , on the basis of one member per country, with a Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates the system ISO --is a non-governmental organization: ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world's largest developer and publisher of International Standards .
ISO occupies a special position between the public & private sectors. ISO is able to act as a bridging organization in which a consensus can be reached on solutions that meet both the requirements of business. Cont… And the broader needs of society, such as the needs of stakeholder groups like consumers and users.
WHAT ISO'S NAME MEANS "International Organization for Standardization" would have different abbreviations in different languages ("IOS" in English, "OIN" in French for Organization internationale de normalization), word derived from the Greek isos, meaning “ Equal ". Therefore, whatever the country, whatever the language, the short form of the organization's name is always ISO.
International standardization began in the electrotechnical field: the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) was established in 1906. In 1946, delegates from 25 countries met in London and decided to create a new international organization, of which the object would be "to facilitate the international coordination and unification of industrial standards". The new organization, ISO, officially began operations on 23 February 1947.
African Regional Organization for Standardization ( ARSO )
Arab Industrial Development and Mining Organization ( AIDMO )
European Committee for Standardization ( CEN )
Pan American Standards Commission ( COPANT )
Euro Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification ( EASC )
Pacific Area Standards Congress ( PASC )
ASEAN Consultative Committee for Standards and Quality ( ACCSQ )
World Health Organization ( WHO ), on health technologies
International Maritime Organization ( IMO ), on transport security
World Tourism Organization ( UNWTO ), on the quality of services related to tourism.
World Economic Forum ( WEF )
Consumers International ( CI )
World Business Council for Sustainable Development ( WBCSD ), and
International Federation of Standards Users ( IFAN )
Make the development, manufacturing and supply of products and services more efficient, safer & cleaner
Facilitate trade between countries and make it fairer
provide governments with a technical base for health, safety
&environmental legislation , and conformity assessment
share technological advances and good management practice
safeguard consumers , and users in general, of products and services
make life simpler by providing solutions to common problems
ISO standards :
THE FOUNDING OF ISO “ Things are going the right way!” -- Willy Kuert Best-selling Standards ISO 31000:2009 Risk management - Principles and guidelines ISO 9001:2008 Quality management systems - Requirements ISO 14001:2004 Environmental management systems - Requirements with guidance for use.
At the London conference in 1946, Geneva was elected by a majority of one vote as headquarters for ISO.
In brief The ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 families are among ISO's best known standards ever. ISO 9000 family The ISO 9000 family addresses "Quality management" . This means what the organization does to fulfill
The customer's quality requirements,
applicable regulatory requirements, while aiming to
enhance customer satisfaction,
achieve continual improvement of its performance in pursuit of these objectives.
ISO 14000 family The ISO 14000 family addresses "Environmental management" . This means what the organization does to:
Minimize harmful effects on the environment caused by its activities
To achieve continual improvement of its environmental performance