CAMBODIAN MEKONG UNIVERSITY ASIAN CULTURE GROUP PRESENTATION THAILAND LECTURER: TOUCH PUTHY PRESENTED BY Mr. HIN BUNMY ID:1256100414 Mr. ONN CHOMRONG ID:1258100399 Mr. SAN TANGLENG ID:1258100316 Mr. LONG PANHA ID:3125100042 Mr. HE RATANA ID:1258100379 Mr. ORM SOKHOEUN ID:1258100273 Miss YEK CHHUNLIN ID:1256100119 Miss HOUT SOCHEATA ID:1257100684 Miss SEM CHANNARATH ID:1257100332 Miss KHEANG SONITA ID:1256100568
THAILAND Thailand located in the centre of mainland Southeast Asia. Located wholly within the tropics, Thailand encompasses diverse ecosystems, including the hilly forested areas of the northern frontier, the fertile rice fields of the central plains, the broad plateau of the northeast, and the rugged coasts along the narrow southern peninsula.
THAI FLAG The RED represent the blood spilt to maintain Thailands independence.The WHITE standsfor purity and the Buddhism which is the main religion. The BLUE is Thailandsnational color and it represents the Thai monarchy.
THAI NATIONAL SYMBLES NATIONAL EMBLEMGOLDEN SHOWER TREE NATIONAL ANTHEM ROYAL ANTHEM SALA THAI WHITE ELEPHANT
THAI COTE OF ARMS Since ancient time, the Kings of Thailand havetraditionally taken the title of Rama, a reincarnation ofVishnu on this world. Therefore, themythical bird of Vishnuhas been used as the Royal symbol and later as the national seal and the seal of the government of Thailand. GURUDA
LANGUAGEThe official language of Thailand is THAI. Other languages such as the LAO dialect of Isan, YAWI dialect of Malay Muslims and CHINESE dialects. Numerous tribal languages such as those belonging to the Mon-Khmer family, such as MON, KHMER, VIET and MLABRI Austronesia family, such as CHAM, MOKEN ORANG and ASLISino-Tibetan family, such as LAWA, AKHAN and KAREN; and other TAI languages such as NYAW, PHU THAI, and SAEK. ENGLISH is a mandatory school subject, but the number of fluent speakers remains very low, especially outside the cities.
EARLY HISTORY After the fall of the Khmer Empire in the 13th century, various states thrived there, such as the various Tai, Mon, Khmer and Malay kingdoms, as seen through the numerous archaeological sites and artifacts that are scattered throughout the Siamese landscape. Prior to the 12th century however, the first Thai or Siamese state is traditionally considered to be the Buddhist kingdom of Sukhothai, which was founded in 1238.
MAJOR TURNING POINTTHAI CULTURE AND STATE (13TH CE TO PRESENT) - POST-KHMERThe post-Khmer times can be broken into three parts: the Sukhothai and Lan Na Thai Period (1238 - early 1400s), the Ayutthaya period (1350-1767), and the Chakri dynasty (1782 to present).
BRIEF HISTORY Thailand dominant culture is believed to have arrived with tribes whomoved down from southern China almost a thousand years ago. Theysettled in what is now northern Thailand before expanding south to the rich plains and valleys, gradually asserting their independence from existing Khmer and Mon Kingdoms.
MATERIAL CULTUREThai food (colorful, inexpensive, full of flavor) often spicy and always available - you just cant beat it. There are five flavors which make up every Thai meal - hot (spicy), sweet, sour, salty and bitter. THAI FOOD
THAI DRINKSTHAI BEER is becoming quite expensive in relation to the cost of otherconsumer activities.THAI LIQUORS come in cheaper varieties such as LÂO KHÃO, or whiteliquor, of which there are two broad categories: legal and contraband.THAI WINE is on the rise as Thais become increasingly interested in wine-drinking.THAI SPIRITS are also becoming famous. Rice whisky is a big favorite inThailand and somewhat more affordable than beer for the average Thai.
ECONOMIC PATTERNS Thailand exports an increasing value of over $105 billion worth ofgoods and services annually. Major exports include Thai rice, textiles and footwear, fishery products, rubber, jewellery, cars, computers and electrical appliances. Thailand is the worlds no.1 exporter of rice, exporting more than 6.5 million tons of milled rice annually.
ARCHITECTURE The Sukhothaiperiod (13th-14th centuries) is regarded as a period of notable achievement in Thai culture, withbig advancements made in art and architecture. The city of Sukhothaiitself is said to be an expansion of the decorative style typified by Khmer works.
TECHNOLOGYThailand, is developingrobotic waiters that can take your order and deliver it to your table as part of the “MK Robot Project”.In 2009, Thai-based CTAsia Robotics has built 10 meet-and-greetrobots (nicknamed Din Sow) at a cost of1,000,000 THB ($30,000 USD) each. DIN SOW
SOCIAL CULTURE Thai family has a hierarchy with theparents at the top of it.Children are educated to always honor their parents and to thank them for the time and money spent for education. Children shall have gratitudetowards their parents. The worst insult for a Thai people is to be deemed ungrateful. FAMILY AND KINSHIP
MARRIAGE Thai marriage ceremonies between Buddhists aregenerally divided intotwo parts: a Buddhist component, which includes the recitation of prayers and the offering of food and other giftsto monks and imagesof the Buddha, and a non-Buddhist component rooted in folk traditions, which centers on the couples family.
POLITICAL RELATIONSHIP The politics of Thailand are currently conducted within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the PrimeMinister is the head of government and a hereditary monarchis head of state. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislative branches.
IDEOLOGICAL CULTURE 94.7% of Thais are BUDDHISTS . MUSLIMS at 4.6%.CHRISTIANS, mainly Catholics, represent 0.8%. There are alsosmall community of SIKHS, JEWISH and HINDUS in Thailand. RELIGIOUS PRACTICE
WAY OF LIFE Thailand is a modern country firmlyestablished in the 21st century. Despite this, there remain examples of lifestyles that have existed forcenturies and continue to exist despite the advent of modernity.
PHILOSOPHY Over 90 percent of Thais follow Theravada Buddhism (a branch of Hinayana Buddhism), and Buddhism is the most powerful force in the nations culture. In keeping with Buddhist teaching, we are a peace-loving nation.
ARTS Dance in Thailand is the main dramatic art form of Thailand. Thai dance, like many forms of traditional Asian dance, can be divided into two major categories that correspond roughly to the high art (classical dance) and low art (folk dance) distinction.DANCE
THAI MUSICThe music of Thailand reflects its geographic position at the intersection of China and India, and reflects trade routes that have historically includedPersia, Africa, Greece and Rome. Thai musical instruments are varied and reflect ancient influence from far afield - including the KLONG THAP andKHIM (Persian origin), the JAKHE (Indian origin), the KLONG JIN (Chinese origin), and the KLONG KAEK (Indonesian origin).
PERFORMANCE ARTS The traditional performing arts in Thailand provide an excellent insight into Thai cultural identity and its rich variety.
PAINTING Traditional Thai paintings showed subjects in twodimensions without perspective. The size of each element in the picture reflected its degree of importance.
POTTERY Cottage industry-type villages producing folk pottery are situated throughout Thailand. Koh Kred, up-river from Bangkok, specializes in making unglazed earthenware flowerpots, which are used as containers for garden plants. A Typical form is a conical-shaped body, a wide mouth reinforced with a pie-shaped rim, and a base with a hole in the center. A separate tray collects water as it drains from the pot.
THAI SPORTSThai sport is part of Thai culture which has been passedon from generation to generation. Sporting activities of Thais blend well into their agricultural way of life.
DO’S AND DON’TS1. The Monarchy2. Religion3. Buddha Images4. Monks5. Shoes6. Greetings7. The Head8. The Feet9. Shouting10.Drugs11.General
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION Looking down other ethnics, Liking to use violence, Insecurity, Using a lot of chemical substance, Most school boys in secondary school are gangsters, Thailand is the source of drugs, The traffic so busy, Ling their next generation of unreal map and history NEGATIVE
POSITIVE POSITIVE Thailand is an economic incises country with an industrialization. The economy of Thai depends on exportation and importation. Thai uses modern technology in industrial and faming. Thai people always gives education to their generation to gratitude toward their parents, hate argument nation and love their nation. In school they have a goodeducation system. The Thai’s law system is strongly and effectiveness.
OUR REFLECTIONThe growing gap between rich and poorThe gap between the rich and the poor has widened.It certainly has created the wealth of the nation whichhas become definitively the wealth of the rich.The politicRather than staying true to the intended meanings, the Thai NationalAssembly and the House of Parliament represents a missedopportunity in applying foreign concepts both for architectural andpolitical forms to create a national and cultural identity, as well as thelocalization of Modernity.AgricultureDuring the first two decades, Thai agriculturewas highly influenced by a western approachof policy planning, and an influx of packagedtechnology from the green revolution.
THAT’S ALL FOR OUR PRESENTATIONFOR YOUR ATTENTION