7th grade CAN I SPEAK TO MY FRIEND, PLEASE? /Unit 9 Lesson 3 /
Arm: By the end of the lesson students will be able to express their own abilities by using can or can't. Objective: - To communicate on the phone - To listen to conversation and make the same one - To learn a new song related to the topic.
WARM UP She saw shy sheep She saw shy sheep She saw shy sheep She saw shy sheep
“ Can” is a modal verb. Can is used to express ability or to say that something is possible. Can is the same for all subjects. We don't add an 'S' in the third person (like other verbs) The verb that comes after Can is in the infinitive without to : I can speak Spanish. (= it is possible for me to speak Spanish = I have the ability to speak Spanish)
For example He can swim well. We can see my neighbour in the garden. They can play the guitar .
Negative To form the negative we add " not " after can to form one word: cannot . We can also contract the negative to form can't. (can't = cannot)
For example I cannot play the piano. We can't go to the cinema tonight. She cannot speak French very well. He can't drive a car.
Questions To from the question we change the position of the subject and the auxiliary verb. The main verb is still in the infinitive without to. Where can I buy an ice-cream? Can I go to the party, please? Can you speak Japanese? What can we do on Saturday?
Remember that you can use short answers: Can I sit here please? Yes, you can . Can you speak Chinese? No, I can't .
Impersonal Can <ul><li>Sometimes You can and Can you…? are impersonal and refer to people in general. </li></ul><ul><li>You can see many stars at night from here. (= people in general can see many stars) </li></ul><ul><li>It doesn't necessarily refer to you but people in general. </li></ul><ul><li>You can't run naked in the middle of the street. </li></ul><ul><li>Not necessarily saying YOU can't run naked in the middle of the street but in general it is not possible for anyone. </li></ul>
№ 1. Answer the question. 1. Can I phone back later? 2. Can I take a message? 3. Can I speak to Bold, please?
№ 2. Conversation Hello? -- Is that John? -- Can I speak to John? -- May I speak to John? Hello -No, I am Tom. -Yes, Who's speaking please? -- Who's calling please?
№ 3. In pairs, have a telephone conversation, like this. Say hello Make a suggestion Say yes, Arrange to meet Say goodbye Say hello Say no. Make another suggestion Say yes
№ 4. Conversation /Listen to conversation and make the some one / <iframe width="480" height="390" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/pd2plzAkOJo" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>
№ 5. To learn a new song <ul><li>Can and can't </li></ul><ul><li>/Lyrics/ </li></ul>
1. Put these words in the correct column. /English2 STUDENT BOOK page number is 74 exercise 1a/ 2.Fill in the missing part of the conversation Zaya: hello Ben: Hello, .....I speak to Zaya, please? Zaya: Yes,.....is Zaya Ben: Hi! This is Ben. What are you.......... Zaya: ........special Ben: Can we .........to the park together then? Zaya: Oh, no. We......that yesterday. ......dop and see Dan instead Ben: .......good idea! Zaya: Did you know he's .....in tennis match? He's a bit of a tennis champion, you know. Ben: Yes, I know. So let's go.....the match together. Zaya: OK. I can we......here at 5 o'clock? Ben: ........See you later then. Zaya: Yeah, see you. Bye Ben: bye