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Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo
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Giải chi tiết đề thi semantics tham khảo

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  • 1. Đề thi 27/05/2012 (150 minutes)Part I Semantics1. What semantic feature(s) do the words in each group share ?a. ice cream, avocado, soup, corn, beefb. tigress, doe, girl, actress, debutantec. man, woman, mare, bull, ewed. poodle, Alsatian, Labrador, collie, dachshund2. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that is an entailment ofthe sentence printed before it. (=> is used to show one-way entailment and to show two way entailment).a. Mama Bear is in front of Papa Bear. Papa Bear is…………………………………b. Jim borrowed abike from Ted. Ted ……………….c. My brother repaired my car. My brother repaired……………..d. Margaret is thin. Margaret is………………………..3. Identify the sentence as analytic (A), synthetic (S), or contradictory (C)People who run move their bodies.4. Write down one IMPLICATURE that can be drawn from the secondspeaker’s response in the following exchange.Professor 1: Is Tom a good student ?Professor 2: He has beautiful handwriting and is neatly dressed.5. Point out the deictic word(s) in the following utterance and state where thespeaker is or is not.“Mary, I’d like to invite you to come up the stage.’6. Identify one sincerity condition that must be satisfied for the followingutterance to be appropriate.“Please open your mouth.”Part 2. Writing (4 marks)Write an essay of 250-300 words on ONE of the following topics1. What are the effects of passive smoking ?
  • 2. 2. Face-to-face communication is better than other types of communication,such as letters, emails, or tellephone calls. Do you agree or disagree with thestatement? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.Giải Đề thi 27/05/2012 (150 minutes)Part I Semantics1.What semantic feature(s) do the words in each group share ?a. ice cream, avocado, soup, corn, beefThey share :[- animate], [+food]b. tigress, doe, girl, actress, debutanteThey share :[+ animate], [+female]c. man, woman, mare, bull, eweThey share :[+ animate]d. poodle, Alsatian, Labrador, collie, dachshundThey share :[+ animate], [+ kinds of dog]2.Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that is an entailment ofthe sentence printed before it. (=> is used to show one-way entailment and to show two way entailment).a. Mama Bear is in front of Papa Bear. Papa Bear is in behind Mama Bear.b. Jim borrowed abike from Ted. Ted lent a bike to Jim.c. My brother repaired my car. My brother repaired my vehicle.d. Margaret is thin. Margaret is a woman/girl.3. Identify the sentence as analytic (A), synthetic (S), or contradictory (C)People who run move their bodies.=> This is an analytic sentence. (A)4. Write down one IMPLICATURE that can be drawn from the secondspeaker’s response in the following exchange.Professor 1: Is Tom a good student ?
  • 3. Professor 2: He has beautiful handwriting and is neatly dressed.=> Professor 2’s utterance implies “Yes” or The second speaker’s response mayimplicate that Tom is a good student.5. Point out the deictic word(s) in the following utterance and state where thespeaker is or is not.“Mary, I’d like to invite you to come up the stage.’=> Deictic word(s): Person: I, youPlace: the stageTime: simple present (would like)6. Identify one sincerity condition that must be satisfied for the followingutterance to be appropriate.“Please open your mouth.” The speaker actually wants the hearer to open his/her mouth. The speaker has ability to do the act. It is felicitous. It is a sinceritycondition.
  • 4. Đề thi 09/12/2012 (150 minutes)Part I Semantics1. Identify the homonyms, homophones and homographs in each of the followingsentences.a. I won’t shed a tear if you tear my old shirt into shreds.b. We must raze the old buildings before the sun’s rays can raise the temperature.c. If the judges are fair, our rabbit will win a rubborn at the fair.d. I found it hard to believe that he planned to found a new church.2. What are the semantic features of the following words ?a. Manb. Girlc. Motherd. Mare3. Identify the word(s) used figuratively, name the figure of speech and provide itsmeaning.That club is blossoming now.4. Identify the presupposition(s) in the following sentence.The actress described the photographs of her as an invasion of privacy.5. In the follwing conversation, what maxim(s) of conversation does B not follow ?Is B cooperative ?A: “ Is Peter a good cook ?”B: “ He’s a nice guy.”6. What illocutionary act might the utterance “ It’s hot in here” in the followingconversation perform ? What type of speech act is it ? Is it a direct or indirectspeech act ? Is there a performative verb? If there is, what is it ?A: “ It’s hot in here.”B: “Let me open the window.”A: “ Thank you”
  • 5. Part 2: WritingWrite an essay of 250-300 words on one of the following topics1. Some people believe that university students should be required to attendclasses. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students.Which point of view do you agree with ? Use specific reasons and details toexplain your answer.2. What do you think is the “ vicious circle” effect of the air-conditioners ?Giải Đề thi 09/12/2012 (150 minutes)Part I Semantics1. Identify the homonyms, homophones and homographs in each of the followingsentences.a. I won’t shed a tear if you tear my old shirt into shreds.The noun “tear” which means “A drop of the clear salty liquid that is secreted bythe lachrymal gland of the eye”, and the verb “tear”, which means “someoneseparates or pulls something into pieces”, are two homonyms.Or“tear” in (to shed a tear) and “tear” in (to tear my old shirt) are homonyms.b. We must raze the old buildings before the sun’s rays can raise the temperature.“Raze” /reiz/ (to destroy/demolish a town, buildings, …. completely) and “rays”/reiz/ (a narrow beam of light; gleam), and “raise” /reiz/ (to increase in intensity,degree) are three homoyms or homophones.Or“raze” in ( to raze the old buildings), and “ rays” in ( the sun’s rays), and “raise” in( to raise the temperature) are homophones.c. If the judges are fair, our rabbit will win a rubborn at the fair.Fair” (adj) (lawful to hunt or attack = fair game ), and “fair” (a market or Agathering held at a specified time and place for the buying and selling of goods) aretwo homonymsOr“Fair” in ( to be fair) and “fair” in (at the fair) are homonyms.
  • 6. d. I found it hard to believe that he planned to found a new church.“found” (to build or to set up) and “found” (past tense of “find”) are twohomonyms.2. What are the semantic features of the following words ?a. man“man” may have the following semantic features: [+human], [+male / -female],[+mature / -immature]b. girl“girl” may have the following semantic features: [+human], [+female], [-mature /+young / +immature], [+innocent]c. mother“mother” may have the following semantic features: [+human], [+female],[+mature / -young / -immature], [+maternal]d. mare“mare” may have the following semantic features: [+animate], [+horse], [+female],[+fully grown]3. Identify the word(s) used figuratively, name the figure of speech and provide itsmeaning.That club is blossoming now.“Blossoming now” is a metaphor which means “the club with a growingmembership” The sentence means “that club has a large membership now, and itwill be larger in the future”4. Identify the presupposition(s) in the following sentence.The actress described the photographs of her as an invasion of privacy.The utterance presupposes that there is an actressorThe speaker assumes that the hearer already knows who the actress is and what the
  • 7. photographs are.5. In the follwing conversation, what maxim(s) of conversation does B not follow ?Is B cooperative ?A: “ Is Peter a good cook ?”B: “ He’s a nice guy.”The maxim of RELEVANCE : what we say should be relevant.B’s utterance may implicate that Peter is a good cook. B provides someinformation about Peter for A. A can deduce Peter is a goog cook.6. What illocutionary act might the utterance “ It’s hot in here” in the followingconversation perform ? What type of speech act is it ? Is it a direct or indirectspeech act ? Is there a performative verb? If there is, what is it ?A: “ It’s hot in here.”B: “Let me open the window.”A: “ Thank you”The illocution of the utterance is A’s using the utterance to ask B for opening thewindow.Type of speech act : It is the directive.(requesting)It is an indirect speech act because A utters the sentence which does not meanexactly what A says. A does not use the word “requesting” to ask B for opening thewindow, so it is not a performative verb there.
  • 8. Graduation Examination in Linguistics -------March 17, 1013 at USSHDuration: 150 minutesPart 1: English Semantics1. If a woman says she has 3 children, while in fact she has 5, what maxim(s) ofconversation does she break ? I she cooperative ?2. Identify one felicity condition that must be sastisfied for the following utteranceto be appropriate." I fne you 200 dollars for dangerous driving."3. Identiy the sense relations between the words in each of the following pairs. Ifthe words are antonyms, specify what kind of antonyms they are.a. ravage - destroyb. present - absentc. cat - kittend. mango - banana4. Finish each of the follwing sentences in such a way that it is an entailment of thesentence printed before it. ( => is used to show one-way entailment and <=> toshow two-way entailment)a. <=> The blimp was over the house.<=> The house...............b. Tom sold a computer to Mark.<=> Mark............c. John killed Bill.=> Bill.............d. Annie baked a cake.=> Annie........5. Identify the word(s) used figuratively, name the figure of speech and provide itsmeaning.I cant get the pump back on because this bolt is being uncooperative6. Write down one IMPLICATURE that can be drawn from the second speakersresponse in the following exchange.A: Do you know where Billy Bob is ?B: Well, he didnt meet me for lunch as he was supposed to.
  • 9. Part 2. WritingWrite an essay of 250 - 300 words on One of the following topics1. Which is more important to you: your career or your family happiness ? Explain.2. " When people succeed , it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do withsuccess." Has your personal success come more from hard work or from luck ? Usespecific reasons and examples to explain your position.Giải đề thi Semantics (17/03/2013)Part 1: English Semantics1. If a woman says she has 3 children, while in fact she has 5, what maxim(s) ofconversation does she break ? Is she cooperative ?- The maxim of Quality: what we say should be true.The speakers utterance is not true.She is not cooperative2. Identify one felicity condition that must be sastisfied for the followingutterance to be appropriate." I fine you 200 dollars for dangerous driving."" I fine you 200 dollars for dangerous driving."- .> The speaker wants the hearer to obey traffic regulations.If the speaker is a traffic policeman that means the speaker has the ability to dothe act. It is a felicity condition.In another situation, if the speaker is not traffic policeman, the speaker has notability to do the act. It is not a fecility condition.3. Identiy the sense relations between the words in each of the following pairs. Ifthe words are antonyms, specify what kind of antonyms they are.a. ravage - destroyb. present - absentc. cat - kittend. mango – bananaa. ravage - destroy (synonymy)
  • 10. b. present - absent (Binary antonymy)c. cat - kitten (hyponymy)d. mango - banana (incompatibility)4. Finish each of the follwing sentences in such a way that it is an entailment ofthe sentence printed before it. ( => is used to show one-way entailment and <=>to show two-way entailment)a. <=> The blimp was over the house.<=> The house was under the blimp.b. Tom sold a computer to Mark.<=> Mark bought a computer from Tom.c. John killed Bill.=> Bill is a person/man.d. Annie baked a cake.=> Annie had done food.5. Identify the word(s) used figuratively, name the figure of speech and provideits meaning.I cant get the pump back on because this bolt is being uncooperativeI cant get the pump back on because this bolt is being uncooperativeThis is an expression of personification." this bolt" is [- animate] while "is being uncooperative" is [+ animate]. The boltis making operative like a person6. Write down one IMPLICATURE that can be drawn from the second speakersresponse in the following exchange.A: Do you know where Billy Bob is ?B: Well, he didnt meet me for lunch as he was supposed to.=.> The second speakers respone may implicate that B does not know whereBilly Bob is " or " B s utterance implies " No"
  • 11. ÔN LẠI CÁC DẠNG ĐỀ THƯỜNG GẶPA.Dạng đề CONDITIONS1. Identify one sincerity condition that must be satisfied for the following utteranceto be appropriate.“Please open your mouth.”(đề thi 27/5)Giải:“Please open your mouth.” The speaker actually wants the hearer to open his/her mouth. The speaker has ability to do the act. It is felicitous. It is a sinceritycondition.Giải thích chi tiết :Đối với dạng này thông thường đề hay cho ra "sincerity condition" với "felicitycondition""sincerity condition: là điều kiện thành thực (, hãy chú ý tới phát ngôn của ngườinói, tức người nói có thành thực muốn người nghe thực hiện hay không)Ví dụ: “I challenge you to beat the speed record.”( tôi thách anh phá được kỷ lụcđó), khi người nói phát ngôn câu này, thì trong thâm tâm của người nói biết chắc làngười nghe không thể nào phá được kỷ lục nên mới thách thức, câu này khôngthành thực và giải thíchThe speaker actually does not want the hearer to make effort to beat the speedrecord.Kết luận: It is not sincerity condition.felicity condition": điều kiện hiện hữu, tức có khả thi hay không, có thực hiện đượckhông, muốn thực hiện được hành động của lời nói . Người nói phải hội tụ đủnhựng điều kiện để làm hành động đóví dụ: ông cha ở Nhà thờ khi làm lễ cưới cho đôi tân hôn sau khi làm phép xong thìnói : “I now pronounce you man and wife” (cha tuyên bố các con là vợ chồng), thì
  • 12. lúc này câu nói của ông cha là hiện hữu, tức khả thi, người nói thực hiện được hànhđộng của lời nói, vì ông cha có quyền làm như vậy. Nhưng nếu là bạn, không phảiông cha thì nói câu này thì không có tác dụng, không hiện hữu.(ví dụ khác: anh công an nói anh ta phạt bạn 50 $, thì lúc này lời nói của anh ta cóthể thực hiện được vì anh ta có quyền thì lúc này nó tương ứng với điều kiện (b)trong sách The speaker has the ability to do the act. Còn trong trường hợp là mộtthằng điên chẳng hạn, tự nhiên nói “ tôi phạt anh 5o$ vì tội lái xe gây nguy hiểm”lúc này người nói đã tạo một phát ngôn, nhưng anh ta không có quyền để làm, anhta không có khả năng để thực hiện hành động của lời nóiTrong sách Semantics (trang 165 ) thì làm ơn thuộc lòng các điều kiện a, b, c, d, e,, thấy hợp với cái nào thì copy toàn bộ vào bài làm kèm theo giải nghĩa của riêngmình , giải thích cho hợp lý“Please open your mouth.” ở đây câu này người nói thành thực muốn người nghelàm theo thì giải nghĩa và kết luận nó thành thực, The speaker actually wants the hearer to open his/her mouth. The speaker has ability to do the act. It is felicitous. It is a sinceritycondition.còn ví dụ khác không thành thực như: "Look at the boy. I hate him so much" nhìnthằng bé kìa, thấy ghét ghê !. Ở đây người nói mặc dù nói là " ghét" nhưng trongsâu thẳm tâm hồn của người nói muốn nói là " "yêu quá đi". Trẻ con mà ai cũngthích phải không ? Kêt luận là câu này không thành thực . It is not sinceritycondition.Đề yêu cầu chỉ tìm ra 1 điều kiện thôi, nó có thể có nhiều nhưng chỉ tìm ra 1 là đủGiải nghĩa: The speaker actually wants the hearer to open his/her mouth.chỉ ra 1 điều kiện: The speaker has ability to do the act.kết luận: It is felicitous. It is a sincerity condition.Câu 2.
  • 13. 2. Identify one felicity condition that must be sastisfied for thefollowing utterance to be appropriate." I fine you 200 dollars for dangerous driving."(đề thi 17/3)" I fine you 200 dollars for dangerous driving."- .> The speaker wants the hearer to obey traffic regulations.If the speaker is a traffic policeman that means the speaker has the ability to dothe act. It is a felicity condition.In another situation, if the speaker is not traffic policeman, the speaker has notability to do the act. It is not a fecility condition.Tùy theo cách giải thích của chúng ta là kết luận nó hiện hữu hay không hiệnhữu, ở trên là 2 cách giải thích, khi thi thì chỉ giải thích 1 cách trên và kết luận Itis a felicity condition. Bởi vì đề yêu cầu tìm ra one felicity condition.I fine you 200 dollars for dangerous driving.giải nghĩa: The speaker wants the hearer to do the act (tức là muốn người nghetuân theo lệnh mà đóng phạt và chấp hành luật lệ giao thông)hoặc có thể viết The speaker wants the hearer to obey traffic regulations.chỉ ra điều kiện hiện hữu ( tức có thể thực hiện được hành động của lời nói(speech act)) : The speaker has the ability to do the act.kết luận: It is a felicity condition.************B. Dạng đềWrite down one IMPLICATURE4.Write down one IMPLICATURE that can be drawn from the second speaker’sresponse in the following exchange.Professor 1: Is Tom a good student ?
  • 14. Professor 2: He has beautiful handwriting and is neatly dressed.(đề thi 27/5)Giải:Professor 1: Is Tom a good student ?Professor 2: He has beautiful handwriting and is neatly dressed.=> Professor 2’s utterance implies “Yes” or The second speaker’s response mayimplicate that Tom is a good student.Giải thích chi tiết:Đối với dạng này thì hàm ngôn của người thứ 2 có thể có nhiều nghĩa, nhưngchỉ tìm ra one IMPLICATURE (1 hàm ngôn) là đủví dụ khác: (đề thi 17/3)6.Write down one IMPLICATURE that can be drawn from the second speakersresponse in the following exchange.A: Do you know where Billy Bob is ?B: Well, he didnt meet me for lunch as he was supposed to.=.> The second speakers respone may implicate that B does not know whereBilly Bob is " or " B s utterance implies " No"Chú ý cách dùng thì của câu, nếu đề cho quá khứ thì diễn giải thì quá khứ, hiện tạithì diễn giải hiện tại.nhìn câu trên người hỏi đặt câu hỏi ở hiện tại, nhưng người trả lời dùng thì quá khứvà trả lời là không gặp, tức hiện tại bây giờ thì không biết Billy Bob ở đâu luôn !trả lời ngắn gọn (cách giải này theo cách giải đề mẫu của Tô Minh Thanh):=> Professor 2’s utterance implies “No” or The second speaker’s response mayimplicate that B didnt know where Billy Bob is.***********C.Dạng đề ENTAILMENT (kéo theo)(Đề thi 27/5)
  • 15. .Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that is an entailment ofthe sentence printed before it. (=> is used to show one-way entailment and to show two way entailment).a. Mama Bear is in front of Papa Bear. Papa Bear is behind Mama Bear.b. Jim borrowed abike from Ted. Ted lent a bike to Jim.c. My brother repaired my car. My brother repaired my vehicle.d. Margaret is thin. Margaret is a woman/girl.Chú ýCâu a."Ted lent Jim a bike " cũng có thể viết “Ted lent a bike to Jim"câu d . một số người làm “Magaret is not fat” là sai, vì đây là một chiều,không thể viết ngược lại được, khi nào 2 chiều mới viết ngược lại được=> Margaret is "thin" và "not fat" nghĩa tương đương nhau, nó cùng cấp độ,nhưng nó không phải hạ danh kéo thượng danh, trong trường hợp nó 2 chiềuthì nó ở góc độ so sánh người này mập/ốm hơn người kia thì mới viết ngượclại như vậyGiải thích chi tiết:Đối với dạng này học nhiều chi cho mệt, nhớ đơn giản thôi, khi nào 2 chiều vớiký hiệu <=> thì chỉ viết ngược lại, còn 1 chiều với ký hiệu => thì tìm từ thượngdanh của nó, lấy từ hạ danh thay vào ( tức từ hạ danh kéo từ thượng danh, và kcó chiều ngược lại). Đó là "quan hệ thượng hạ" hay " quan hệ trên dưới"(Đề thi 17/3)4. Finish each of the follwing sentences in such a way that it is an entailment ofthe sentence printed before it. ( => is used to show one-way entailment and <=>to show two-way entailment)a. <=> The blimp was over the house.<=> The house was under the blimp.b. Tom sold a computer to Mark.<=> Mark bought a computer from Tom.
  • 16. c. John killed Bill.=> Bill is a person/man.d. Annie baked a cake.=> Annie had done food.a. The blimp was over the house.<=> The house.....câu a này là <=> 2 chiều: thì chỉ viết ngược lại thôi"Khinh khí cầu ở trên căn nhà đó"viết ngược lại : Căn nhà đó dưới quả khinh khí cầu<=> The house was under the blimp.chú í: under/over còn below/ aboveb. Tom sold a computer to Mark<=>Mark bought a computer from Tomcâu c là 1 chiều: tìm từ thượng danh, ở đây đề cho là => Bill...... thì thượng danhcủa nó là "a man" or " a person" " a dead person"=> Bill is a person/ a man/ a dead person. ,không được viết ngược lại : Bill was killed by John ( đây là 2 chiều <=>) nếu đềcho 2 chiều thì câu này đúngd. Annie baked a cake.=> Annie.......thượng danh của từ " a cake " là " a thing" or " food"=> Annie baked a thingor => Annie had done food.D.Còn rất nhiều dạng đề , trong tài liệu ôn thi Cô Ngọc thì ôn có 13 dạng, bạncũng có thể ôn thêm các dạng khác……….khổng hiểu dạng nào thì hỏi

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