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Buffalo Green Code April 10 Presentation

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A FORM BASED UNIFIED DEVELOPMENT ORDINANCE

A FORM BASED UNIFIED DEVELOPMENT ORDINANCE

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  • 1. B U F FA L O G R E E N C O D EA FORM BASED UNIFIED DEVELOPMENT ORDINANCE April 10, 2012 Mayor’s Office of Strategic Planning Byron W. Brown, Mayor
  • 2. AT T E N D A N C E S U M M A R Y Where the attendees were from… 293 people from across the city were in attendance.
  • 3. B U F F A L O G R E E N C O D E : A FORM BASEDUNIFIED DEVELOPMENT ORDINANCE Agenda  Welcome - Mayor Byron W. Brown  Development Framework – Brendan R. Mehaffy, Executive Director, OSP  Introduction - Robert Shibley, Urban Design Project  New Directions in Zoning – Les Pollock & Arista Strungys, Camiros Byron W. Brown, Mayor Mayor’s Office of Strategic Planning
  • 4. BUFFALO GREEN CODE: FRAMEWORKPolicies and strategies of theComprehensive Plan, LWRP,BOAs, etc. will beincorporated into the BuffaloGreen Code. Local Waterfront Queen City Revitalization Plan Comprehensive Plan Brownfield Opportunity Areas Urban Renewal Areas
  • 5. BUFFALO GREEN CODE: TIMELINE Land Use Plan • Project kick off Sep. 2010 • Regional Meetings Nov. 2010 • Community Workshops Mar. 2011 • Constituency Meetings Summer 2011 • Draft Land Use Plan Review Oct. 2011 • Revised Land Use Plan Summer 2012 Unified Development Ordinance • UDO Approach Meeting Apr. 10, 2012 • Community Workshops June 2012 • Draft UDO Review Sep. ‐ Oct. 2012 • New UDO Dec. 2012
  • 6. BROWNFIELD OPPORTUNITY AREAS: TIMELINE • Project Launch Nov  2011 • Analysis and Visioning Jan   2012 • Development Options June 2012 • Master Plan Sept 2012 • Draft Nomination Document Oct   2012 • Final Nomination Document Nov  2012 • Agency and Legislative Approvals Nov  2012
  • 7. OUR PURPOSE TONIGHTWe’ve drafted a Future Land Use Plan;now we need to write the Ordinance. Help us test the overall approach… The big ideas… And some crucial provisionsWe want to make sure we’re headed in the right direction
  • 8. BUT FIRST, WHO IS HERE TONIGHT… Who are you? 49% 1. Concerned Citizen 2. Neighborhood organization 3. Non-profit organization 4. Local Business 16% 5. Local Government 13% 11% 6. Other 6% 5% 1 2 3 4 5 6
  • 9. BUT FIRST, WHO IS HERE TONIGHT… Where are you from? 36% 1. City Center 2. East Side 3. North Buffalo 4. South Buffalo 18% 5. West Side 17% 14% 6. Outside of Buffalo 7. Other 6% 4% 4% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 10. BUT FIRST, WHO IS HERE TONIGHT… How old are you? 23% 24% 1. 19 or under 20% 2. 20-29 17% 3. 30-39 15% 4. 40-49 5. 50-59 6. 60 or older 2% 1 2 3 4 5 6
  • 11. BUT FIRST, WHO IS HERE TONIGHT… What is your gender? 59% 1. Male 2. Female 39% 3. Other 1% 1 2 3
  • 12. BUT FIRST, WHO IS HERE TONIGHT… What is your race? 75% 1. Hispanic/Latino 2. African American 3. White 4. Native American/ Alaskan Native 5. Asian/Pacific Islander 14% 6. Mixed Race 4% 7. Other 0% 2% 3% 2% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 13. BUT FIRST, WHO IS HERE TONIGHT… Why are you here? 1. General Interest in 41% 39% Land Use and Zoning 2. To learn more about zoning 3. To represent my 18% community’s interests 4. Nothing else to do on a weekday night 2% 1% 5. I don’t know 1 2 3 4 5
  • 14. WHAT IS THE GREEN CODE?It is Buffalo’s Future Land Use Plan With land use designations for the entire city Implementing a place-based development strategyIt will include a Unified Development Ordinance Place-based zoning Subdivision regulations Public realm design guides
  • 15. GREEN CODE REGULATIONSWhy revise our currentregulations? Regulations don’t match existing development patterns The results can be opposite what we want today The rules aren’t clear enough to apply without interpretation Overlay zones are conflicting, confusing Some rules are roadblocks to sustainable development
  • 16. APPROACHES FOR GREEN CODE UDOSome of the big moves will include: An emphasis on form rather than use Coordinating zoning, subdivision & public realm Integrating overlays, Urban Renewal Plans, and City codes in one documentIt’s better organized to help us creategreat places for the future of Buffalo
  • 17. APPROACHES FOR GREEN CODE UDOSome of the big moves will include: Organizing the ordinance more logically Using lots of graphics & tables Making approval process clearIt will be easier to understand and use.
  • 18. APPROACHES FOR GREEN CODE UDOSome of the big moves will include: Fast-tracking applications that meet the letter of the ordinanceThere’s less negotiation withstakeholders and regulators; butorganized to allow what we want andprohibit what we don’t.
  • 19. WHAT WILL BE DIFFERENT? FORM-BASED ZONING TOOLS IN OUT + Zones defined by form & use - Districts defined by use + Generic uses - Laundry list of specific uses + Building types - Density-based development + Parking design - Minimum parking requirements + Min. & max. heights, build-to - FAR, min. yards, d.u. per acre lines
  • 20. WHAT WILL BE DIFFERENT? FORM-BASED ZONING TOOLS IN OUT + Context-based form standards - Architectural standards + Predictable administration & by- - Discretionary rules & negotiated right development development + Public & private realm regulated - Street design divorced from in concert urban context + Graphics & simple text - Legalese
  • 21. DISCUSSION It makes good sense to combine zoning, subdivision and public realm controls into one Unified Development Ordinance. 1. Strongly disagree 50% 2. Disagree somewhat 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 25% 5. Strongly agree 15% 6. I don’t understand 7% enough to say 1% 2% 0% 7. I don’t know 1 2 3 4 5 6 71/12
  • 22. UDO ORGANIZATIONTable of Contents1. General Provisions2. Zoning Approvals3. Subdivision Approvals4. Zones5. Form Standards6. Use Standards7. Environmental Standards8. Thoroughfare & Subdivision Standards9. Application of the Ordinance10. Definitions
  • 23. ADMINISTRATIONA new process for zoning approvals  Completeness requirement for applications  Administrative review of routine applications  Site plan review will be required only in selected cases  New conditional use process  Administrative exceptions for minor variances & design standards  Zoning administrator to make and record ordinance interpretations
  • 24. ADMINISTRATIONA simplified process forsubdivision approvals  Administrative subdivision  Minor subdivision  Major subdivision  Standards linked to the governing zone
  • 25. DISCUSSION A system of conditional uses can make the ordinance both simpler and more flexible. 40% 1. Strongly disagree 2. Disagree somewhat 31% 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 5. Strongly agree 15% 6. I don’t understand enough to say 4% 4% 3% 2% 7. I don’t know2/12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 26. DISCUSSION Because zones are clear, the majority of development can be allowed by-right so special approvals like site plan review need not be required. 1. Strongly disagree 31% 2. Disagree somewhat 29% 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 5. Strongly agree 12% 10% 6. I don’t understand 8% 8% enough to say 3% 7. I don’t know3/12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 27. UDO ZONES Zones based on Future Land Use Plan: 1. Neighborhoods 2. Districts 3. Corridors
  • 28. NEIGHBORHOOD ZONES NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS ZONES N-1 Urban Core  Downtown  Secondary Employment Centers N-2 Urban Center  Delaware Avenue  Mixed-Use Neighborhoods  Residential Neighborhoods of Mixed Dwellings  Corner Shops N-3 Urban  Mixed-Use Neighborhoods  Residential Neighborhoods of Detached Dwellings  Corner Shops N-4 Urban Edge Single-Family Detached Homes N-S Suburban  Low Density Residential Neighborhoods  Garden Apartments & Towers
  • 29. NEIGHBORHOOD ZONES
  • 30. NEIGHBORHOOD ZONES
  • 31. DISCUSSION The form-based approach (building type, siting, massing, frontage, parking, etc.) makes sense when applied to Neighborhood Zones. 1. Strongly disagree 59% 2. Disagree somewhat 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 29% 5. Strongly agree 6. I don’t understand enough to say 4% 3% 3% 7. I don’t know 1% 1%4/12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 32. DISCUSSION In the Neighborhood Zones, corner shops should be allowed as a conditional use. 1. Strongly disagree 40% 2. Disagree somewhat 31% 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 5. Strongly agree 6. I don’t understand 9% 7% enough to say 5% 6% 7. I don’t know 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 33. DISTRICT ZONES DISTRICT ZONES CHARACTERISTICS D-R Retail  Shopping Centers  Retail Strip Centers D-I Industrial  Office Parks  Light Industrial  Heavy Industrial D-H Healthcare Medical Campus D-E Education University Campus D-O Open Space  Olmsted  Active  Passive
  • 34. DISTRICT ZONESThe approach to district zonesis somewhat different:  They primarily govern single user sites  They combine traditional & form-based approaches  Siting & design standards are included  Campuses may submit General Development Plans for approval
  • 35. DISTRICT ZONES Design & Siting Standards General Development Plan
  • 36. DISCUSSION Using a combination of form-based and traditional controls in the District Zones makes sense. 1. Strongly disagree 42% 2. Disagree somewhat 39% 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 5. Strongly agree 6. I don’t understand enough to say 6% 4% 7% 3% 7. I don’t know 1%6/12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 37. DISCUSSION The General Development Plan option for campuses allows those institutions flexible but predictable development. 1. Strongly disagree 33% 34% 2. Disagree somewhat 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 5. Strongly agree 6. I don’t understand 8% 9% 7% enough to say 5% 4% 7. I don’t know7/12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 38. CORRIDOR ZONES DISTRICT ZONES CHARACTERISTICS C-W Waterfront  Waterfront area C-T Transportation  Highways  Rail  Metro Rail  Greenways Corridor Zone Characteristics 1. C-W: Waterfront revitalization 2. Highway & Rail: Protect land use 3. Greenway: Evaluate improvements & design of adjacent areas 4. Metro Rail: Transit-Oriented Development principles
  • 39. DISCUSSION The Metro Rail Corridor should be based on Transit- Oriented Development (TOD) principles. 1. Strongly disagree 66% 2. Disagree somewhat 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 5. Strongly agree 22% 6. I don’t understand enough to say 4% 4% 7. I don’t know 0% 3% 2%8/12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 40. USE STANDARDSThe current structure of usecategories is too specific, confusing,and obsolete  It’s cumulative – uses permitted in the least restrictive districts are typically allowed by reference in other districts  Permissions listed by specific uses  Use restrictions are applied by district, overlay zone or URP
  • 41. USE STANDARDS SPECIFIC USES FLEXIBLE USE
  • 42. USE STANDARDSOur new approach is simpler,more generic.  Use categories are more general  Specific uses are called out only when there’s a specific impact associated  All uses are clearly defined  When uses have impacts, use standards apply  Conditional uses require approval  There are limits on uses within “corner shop”
  • 43. DISCUSSION It makes sense to apply flexible use categories instead of naming every imaginable use. 1. Strongly disagree 72% 2. Disagree somewhat 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 5. Strongly agree 6. I don’t understand 19% enough to say 4% 7. I don’t know 1% 1% 2% 0%9/12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 44. FORM STANDARDS1. Permitted Encroachments  Architectural features  Accessory structures2. Accessory Structures  Comprehensive list with “sustainable” structures3. Signs  Tailored to zones & building types  Permanent, temporary, exempt, prohibited  Electronic signs  Billboard standards
  • 45. FORM STANDARDS4. Adaptive Reuse  Special use permissions  Exemptions from certain standards5. Parking ELIMINATE ALL PARKING MINIMUMS  Comprehensive design standards  Bike parking  Loading requirements
  • 46. DISCUSSION Minimum parking requirements should NOT be included in the UDO, allowing the market to decide how much parking is needed. 1. Strongly disagree 74% 2. Disagree somewhat 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 5. Strongly agree 6. I don’t understand enough to say 12% 7% 6% 7. I don’t know 1% 1% 0%10/12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 47. THOROUGHFARE & SUBDIVISION STANDARDS1. Thoroughfares  Match street typology with zone  “Complete Streets”  Restore traditional right-of-way  Repair urban fabric2. Block Design  Maximum block length  Prevent “superblocks”3. Street Trees & Public Art  Incorporate City ordinances  Clarify requirements4. Subdivision  Link to zone standards  Eliminate “general” standards
  • 48. ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS1. Landscape  Landscape for parking lots  Screening requirements  Landscape in District Zones  Design standards2. Stormwater Management  Performance standard3. Environmentally Sensitive Areas  Protect natural features  Special development review4. Exterior Lighting  Minimize light pollution
  • 49. SUSTAINABLE STANDARDSThe UDO will promote sustainability: Mixed-use, walkable environments Transit-oriented development Multi-modal environments Alternative energy production Local food production “Green” accessory structures Stormwater management Natural landscape
  • 50. DISCUSSION Landscape and sustainability standards should be included in the UDO. 1. Strongly disagree 88% 2. Disagree somewhat 3. Neither agree nor disagree 4. Agree somewhat 5. Strongly agree 6. I don’t understand enough to say 7. I don’t know 8% 1% 1% 2% 1% 0%11/12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 51. DISCUSSION In terms of the overall approach to creating the Unified Development Ordinance we are... 50% 1. Way off base 2. Have some work to do 3. Headed in the right 32% direction 4. Pretty much right on the money 5. I still don’t understand 11% enough to say 4% 3% 6. I don’t know 1%12/12 1 2 3 4 5 6
  • 52. THANK YOU!

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