Evita Museum | Buenos Aires' Museums | Evita Peron
www.ba-h.com.arEvita Museum | Buenos Aires’ Museums | Articles about Buenos AiresEva Duarte de Perón, known all over the world as “Evita,” Argentina’s most important woman,has been transformed into a myth.Along with soccer player Maradona, writer Borges, revolutionary Che Guevara and tango singerGardel, Evita has become one of Argentina’s reference points, a popular icon of our country.As First Lady during the presidency of her husband Juan Domingo Perón, she assumed theimportant task of working for the rights of the most marginalized: workers, seniors, women andchildren.+ THE LEGACY OF EVA PERÓNAs president of the Fundación Eva Perón, she worked tirelessly for each group.- The Rights of Seniors, incorporated into the 1949 Constitution guaranteed their right to healthcare, a home, food and clothes.- A social security net guaranteed workers a health care plan, a minimum wage, paid vacations anda pension.- Her project to give women the vote became law in 1947.- She created Ciudad Evita (Evita City) offering affordable mortgages to people with low incomes;her Foundation also constructed twelve hospitals throughout the country, over one thousandschools, a Students’ City and university cities.- She established Women’s Shelters (Hogares de Tránsito) for women and children who stayeduntil work and a home could be found for them.- She worked to reform the penitentiary system, especially for women (who were given jobtraining and were no longer separated from their young children).A victim of cancer, she died at age thirty-three on July 26, 1952. Millions paid her homage duringher state funeral. After the coup d’état that deposed General Perón in 1955, the military took herbody to Italy where it was buried under the name of Maria Maggi de Magistris. After beingreturned to her family, her body was laid to rest in the Duarte mausoleum, now the most visitedtomb of the Recoleta cemetery.Unfortunately, the military regime destroyed or stole as many of the Foundation’s works aspossible, including buildings and warehouses full of goods for the poor.
www.ba-h.com.ar+ THE EVITA MUSEUMInaugurated on July 26, 2002, the fiftieth anniversary of Evita’s death, the Evita Museum seeks topay her homage, retell her story and separate the myth from the truth in the life and work of thisgreat woman. The Museum tries to recuperate that part of Argentina’s political and social historythat the military coup in 1955 tried so desperately to destroy (making it a crime for people topronounce the names of Perón and Evita in public and to keep any photos of them in their homesby implementing Decreto Ley N°4161, with large fines and prison sentences ranging from thirtydays to six years).The Museum is located in Buenos Aires’ Palermo neighborhood and is housed in the beautiful“Casa Carabassa,” designed by the renowned architect Estanislao Pirovano. The Fundación EvaPerón bought the building in the early 1950s, renovated it and converted it into the Hogar deTránsito N° 2, a temporary home for women and children.
www.ba-h.com.arVisitors will find the a rich collection of objects that belonged to Evita, as well as books, magazines,original and official documents, photographs and videos that portray her life and work. Some havebeen donated by her family and others are given to the Museum by people who hid them duringthe years of the military dictatorship. Artifacts include toys, books, sewing machines, andcalendars.Evita’s clothes, hats and shoes are displayed in exhibits that are constantly changed. On display isthe gown she wore when she met Pius XII in Rome in 1947 as well as the tailored suits she wore towork every day.Documents include the identity document that allowed her to vote (women voted for the firsttime in the presidential election in 1951-and elected women to the Senate and Chamber of
www.ba-h.com.arDeputies). Other documents refer to her work in the fields of social justice, education, healthcareand the fight against poverty.The Evita Museum is the most popular in Buenos Aires, the most visited by tourists.Evita inspired deep love and profound hate. The Museum deals with the “White Myth” and the“Black Myth” regarding her life and her accomplishments.Other exhibits include her childhood, career (theater, radio and cinema actress) and funeral.On the first floor the exhibits are dedicated to her political activity: October 17 (when a workers’movement restored Perón to power), her life as First Lady, Women’s Vote, the 1949 Constitutionand the Fundación Eva Perón.
www.ba-h.com.arOne exhibit recreates the kitchen of the “Hogar de Tránsito N° 2, including its cupboards,silverware and the artifacts of the kitchen (you can see a photograph of the original kitchen on thewall).+ A LIVING MUSEUMThe Evita Museum is not static. As its guides explain (in various languages, including English), it is a“living museum.” The permanent exhibit is changed and updated each year and the differenttemporary exhibits are changed every two or three months (they include art exhibits and activitieslike a Peronista book fair, conferences and academic discussions).+ LIBRARY, BOUTIQUE, RESTAURANT AND BAR
www.ba-h.com.arThe Museum also houses the INIHEP ( the Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas Eva Perón). Itslibrary and archives are open to the public.The boutique offers souvenirs for those who wish to take something away with them.You can complete your visit with a gourmet meal inside the restaurant or outside on a charmingpatio.
www.ba-h.com.ar+ SCHEDULES AND GETTING TO EVITA MUSEUMThe Evita Museum is located at 2988 Lafinur Street in Palermo.- You can arrive by metro D (subway, D line) and get off at Plaza Italia station.- These buses will also take you to the Evita Museum: 12, 29, 36, 39, 55, 68, 111, 152, (on Santa FeAvenue) and the 10, 15, 37, 41, 59, 60, 64, 93, 95, 108, 110, 118, 128, 141, 160, 188 (on Las HerasAvenue).The Evita Museum is open from Tuesday through Sunday, from 11 A.M. to 7 P.M. It is closed onMondays, on January 1, May 24 and 25, and December 31.The Restaurant-Bar is open every day from 9 A.M. to 12:30 A.M. The patio is heated so it can beenjoyed even in winter.+ RECOMMENDACIONES- Take your camera with your batteries charged and a spare because you will probably take a lot ofpictures (no flash allowed).- Take your mp3, ipad or ipod since music is great company.- Give yourself plenty of time because there is a lot to see.- Take a coffee break and enjoy the Museum’s delicious coffee.- Be sure to visit the boutique with its unique and creative items.- You are very close to the Buenos Aires Zoo (just a few blocks away), so you could visit bothplaces in one day.+ WHERE TO STAY IN PALERMOYou have various options, depending on your budget. For those who prefer total privacy, the bestoption is to rent an apartment in Palermo. If you want direct contact with other tourists as well asa place where you can share experiences and save money, the best option is a Hostel in Palermo.A Bed and Breakfast would be a less economical option.
www.ba-h.com.arSource: Buenos Aires Hostels + www.ba-h.com.ar the principal reference for Hostels in BuenosAires. The web site was created in 1999 and offers a wide selection of hostels, apartments, bedand breakfasts, and university residences in the principal neighborhoods of Buenos Aires: Palermo,Recoleta, Barrio Norte, Belgrano, San Telmo, La Boca, etc.