LEATHER• It is a durable and flexible material created via the tanning of putrescible animal raw hide and skin, primarily cattle hide.• It is animal skin that has been processed to retain its flexibility, toughness, and waterproof nature.
LEATHER• The natural surface of leather is similar to wood grain, each has its own distinct characteristics. These unique features exude authenticity and accentuate the landscape of each individual hide.
TYPES OF LEATHER Full-grain Top-grain Corrected-grain Split
HISTORY• Prehistoric people wrapped animal skins around their bodies for warmth.• Romans used leather for shoes and tunics as well as for breastplates and shields. In fact, the first recorded tanning guild was formed in the Roman Empire.
HISTORY• Ancient Hebrews are credited with inventing the first tanning process using oak bark. The American Indians used fish oil for the same purpose. American colonists found that plants such as the hemlock and chest-nut trees could also be used for tanning.
HISTORY• In the 19th century, machines were developed to perform these processes and an American chemist developed a tanning method using chromium salts that cut the processing time from weeks or months to just a few hours.
COMPANIESCompany Name: GENUINELEATHERBusiness Type: Distributor/WholesalerProduct/Service: LeatherAddress: San Roque, MarikinaCompany Name: J.J. Agustin TradingBusiness Type: Distributor/Wholesaler, OtherProduct/Service: Wet Salted Raw Hide & Skins, Water Buffalo HornsAddress: Mandurriao, Iloilo CItyCompany Name: Golden Fortune Prime Source, Inc.Business Type: Manufacturer, Distributor/WholesalerProduct/Service: Stingray and exotic skin furniture, etc.Address: Quezon City
RAW MATERIALS• SKIN/HIDES – from cows, pigs, goats, and sheep; – exotic animals such as alligators, ostriches, and kangaroos
RAW MATERIALS• TANNING MATERIALS – Vegetable - extracts from the bark and wood of trees (oak, wattle etc.). – Mineral - in the main, trivalent chromium sulphate. – Aldehydes - formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde or oxazolidine – Synthetic replacements
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT• the impact of livestock• the heavy use of polluting chemicals in the tanning process• air pollution due to the transformation process• Leather biodegrades slowly