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Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language. Its most common application …

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language. Its most common application is to style web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but the language can also be applied to any kind of XML document, including plain XML, SVG and XUL.Let you can learn here to enrich your web designing by applying css technique

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  • 1. CSS: Separating Design andContentGlobal Information InternshipProgram from BUDNETwww.budnetdesign.com
  • 2. Assumptions You know HTML You do not know CSS You care about aesthetics and function You have 50 minutes to kill
  • 3. What We’ll Do What is CSS? View some code and talk basics Why use CSS?  Advantages to Workflow  Cost Savings Implementations Resources
  • 4. What are Cascading Style Sheets? Created by Hakon Wium Lie of MIT in 1994 Has become the W3C standard for controlling visual presentation of web pages Separates design elements from structural logic You get control and maintain the integrity of your data
  • 5. Let’s See Some Code Sample Style sheet Rule Structure
  • 6. Selectors Element Selectors – (refer to HTML tags) H1 {color: purple;} H1, H2, P {color: purple;} Contextual – (refer to HTML, but in context) LI B {color: purple;}
  • 7. Selectors Class Selectors <H1 CLASS=“warning”>Danger!</H1> <P CLASS=“warning”>Be careful…</P> ……. In your HTML code - H1.warning {color: red;} OR to an entire class… .warning {color:red;}
  • 8. Applying CSS to HTML  Style rules can be applied in 3 ways:Inline Styles: sheets:Embedded style sheets:External style<H1 STYLE=“color: blue; font-size: 20pt;”>A large purple<HTML><HEAD><TITLE>Stylin’!</TITLE><HEAD>Heading</H1><STYLE TYPE=“text/css”><LINK REL=stylesheet” TYPE=“text/css” H1 {color: purple;}HREF=“styles/mystyles.css”>For individual elementscolor: gray;} P {font-size: 10pt; using the STYLE attribute</HEAD></STYLE></HEAD> “separation” of style and content.This is true…Keeping all your styles in an external document is</HTML>simpler
  • 9. Why CSS? Advantages to Workflow Cost Savings You WILL Be Cooler
  • 10. Advantages of CSS Workflow  Faster downloads  Streamlined site maintenance  Global control of design attributes  Precise control (Advanced)  Positioning  Fluid layouts
  • 11. Advantages of CSS - Cost Savings Cost Savings  Reduced Bandwidth Costs  One style sheet called and cached  Higher Search Engine Rankings  Cleaner code is easier for search engines to index  Greater density of indexable content
  • 12. Advantages of CSS - Cost Savings Faster download = better usability  Web usability redesign can increase the sales/conversion rate by 100% (source: Jakob Nielson)  CSS requires less code  Tables require spacer images  Entire table has to render before content  CSS can control the order that elements download (content before images)
  • 13. Advantages of CSS - Cost Savings Increased Reach  CSS website is compatible w/ many different devices  In 2008 an est. 58 Million PDA’s will be sold (Source: eTForecast.com)  1/3 of the world’s population will own a wireless device by 2010
  • 14. Implementations Apply to HTML pages Apply to dynamic data  Format or style XML Use for layout (this is cool)  See http://www.csszengarden.com
  • 15. CSS isn’t perfect (yet) CSS support in browsers is still uneven Make sure your CSS properties are supported
  • 16. Resources http://www.csszengarden.com  This is CSS at its finest http://www.w3.org/Style/CSS/  The Official CSS Site http://css.maxdesign.com.au/  Australian firm, very professional http://webmonkey.wired.com/web monkey/reference/stylesheet_guide  Where I learned CSS and Web Design
  • 17. Come and see me at 3:30pm! “Making Your Web Site More Appealing”