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Name That Plant Part
 

Name That Plant Part

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review of plant parts

review of plant parts

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Name That Plant Part Name That Plant Part Presentation Transcript

  • Name that plant part!
  • Overall Plant Structure Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
  • More Examples: Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
  • Final Example: Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
  • Root Functions:
    • Anchoring the plant (citrus tap root)
    • Absorbing water and minerals from the soil and transporting them to the stem
    • Food Storage (Carrot)
    • Aeration (Black Mangrove and Cypress; pneumatophores)
    • Support (Red Mangrove and Corn; Proproots)
  • Root Systems Consist of:
    • Primary roots
    • Secondary roots (rootlets)
    • Root Hairs
  • Three Basic Types of Root Systems: Fibrous Taproot Storage Taproot Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc. Smith. 2000.The Vegetable Gardener’s Bible. Storey Books. Pownal, VT.
  • Other Important Root Terms:
    • Root Hairs
    • Fleshy Roots
    • Aerial Roots
    • Knees
  • Root Hairs:
    • Root hairs are tubular extensions of epidermal cells
    • Increase root surface area
    • Greatly increases plants ability to absorb water and minerals from the soil.
  • Fleshy Roots:
  • Aerial Roots:
  • Roots with a support function:
  • Stems: Parker. 1998. Introduction to Plant Science. Delmar Publishers. New York.
  • Stem Functions:
    • Attachment point for leaves, flowers, and fruit
    • House the vascular system
    • Storage (tubers, corms, bulbs, rhizomes)
    • Can serve to help plant spread (runners, tendrils, thorns
  • Crowns
    • Short inconspicuous stems:
  • Simple
    • Stems without branches:
  • Other types of stems
    • Branched (many plants)
    • Climbing
    • Creeping
    • Rhizomes (potatoes)
    • Stolons (stem connecting strawberry daughter plants to the mother plant)
  • Leaves:
  • Simple Compound Tip Midrib Axillary Bud Secondary Vein Leaflet Margin Base Petiole
  • A Sample of Leaf Shapes Scale-like Needle-like Chordate -Ovate Ovate- Chordate Palmately Lobed Pinnately Lobed Lanceolate
  • Sample Leaf Margins Double serrate Entire Lobed Incised Serrate Crenate
  • Leaf Tips Leaf Bases Cuspidate Acuminate Acute Round Chordate Hastate Rounded Oblique
  • Leaf Venation Dichotomous Palmate Pinnate
  • Leaf Arrangements on the Stem Alternate Opposite
  • Compound Leaf Arrangements Palmately Pinnately Bipinnately
  • Flower Parts http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/301Manhart/repro/Flower%20diagram/flower_diagram.htm
  • Source: University of Florida/IFAS Extension
  • Petal Sepal Pistil Stamen
  •  
  • Flower vs. Inflorescence
  • http://www.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/projects/bmv/vmm-deluxe/Animations.html#cpoundlf
  • Racemose Inflorescences http://www.gardenwithinsight.com/help100/00000418.htm
  • Cymose Inflorescences Cyme Scorpiod Cyme Fascicle
  • Review of Inflorescence Types
  •  
  • Monoecious Dioecious
  • Dry Fruits
    • Achene (sunflower seed)
    • Samara (winged maple seed)
    • Nuts (walnut)
    • Grain
    • Capsule
    • Silique
    • Legume (peas)
    • Follicle (milkweed)
  • Fleshy Fruits
    • Drupe (peach)
    • Berry tomato
    • Pepo (watermelon)
    • Hesperidium (orange)
    • Pome (apple)
    • Aggregate (strawberry)
    • Multiple (pineapple)
  •  
  • Seed Parts you should know:
    • Seed coat
    • Endosperm
    • Cotyledon
    • Epicotyl
    • Hypocotyl
    • embryo
    http://www.hcs.ohio-state.edu/hcs/TMI/hcs200/seed.html
  • Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.