Name that plant part!
Overall Plant Structure Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th  Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
More Examples: Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th  Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
Final Example: Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th  Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
Root Functions: <ul><li>Anchoring the plant (citrus tap root) </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbing water and minerals from the soil...
Root Systems Consist of: <ul><li>Primary roots </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary roots (rootlets) </li></ul><ul><li>Root Hairs <...
Three Basic Types of Root Systems: Fibrous Taproot Storage Taproot Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Pl...
Other Important Root Terms: <ul><li>Root Hairs </li></ul><ul><li>Fleshy Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Aerial Roots </li></ul><ul...
Root Hairs: <ul><li>Root hairs are tubular extensions of epidermal cells </li></ul><ul><li>Increase root surface area </li...
Fleshy Roots:
Aerial Roots:
Roots with a support function:
Stems: Parker. 1998. Introduction to Plant Science. Delmar Publishers. New York.
Stem Functions: <ul><li>Attachment point for leaves, flowers, and fruit </li></ul><ul><li>House the vascular system </li><...
Crowns <ul><li>Short inconspicuous stems: </li></ul>
Simple <ul><li>Stems without branches: </li></ul>
Other types of stems <ul><li>Branched (many plants) </li></ul><ul><li>Climbing </li></ul><ul><li>Creeping </li></ul><ul><l...
Leaves:
Simple  Compound Tip Midrib Axillary Bud Secondary Vein Leaflet Margin Base Petiole
A Sample of Leaf Shapes Scale-like Needle-like Chordate -Ovate Ovate- Chordate Palmately Lobed Pinnately Lobed Lanceolate
Sample Leaf Margins Double serrate Entire Lobed Incised Serrate Crenate
Leaf Tips Leaf Bases Cuspidate Acuminate Acute Round Chordate Hastate Rounded Oblique
Leaf Venation Dichotomous Palmate Pinnate
Leaf Arrangements on the Stem Alternate Opposite
Compound Leaf Arrangements Palmately Pinnately Bipinnately
Flower Parts http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/301Manhart/repro/Flower%20diagram/flower_diagram.htm
Source: University of Florida/IFAS Extension
Petal Sepal Pistil Stamen
 
Flower vs. Inflorescence
http://www.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/projects/bmv/vmm-deluxe/Animations.html#cpoundlf
Racemose Inflorescences http://www.gardenwithinsight.com/help100/00000418.htm
Cymose Inflorescences Cyme Scorpiod Cyme Fascicle
Review of Inflorescence Types
 
Monoecious Dioecious
Dry Fruits <ul><li>Achene (sunflower seed) </li></ul><ul><li>Samara (winged maple seed) </li></ul><ul><li>Nuts (walnut) </...
Fleshy Fruits <ul><li>Drupe (peach) </li></ul><ul><li>Berry tomato </li></ul><ul><li>Pepo (watermelon) </li></ul><ul><li>H...
 
Seed Parts you should know: <ul><li>Seed coat </li></ul><ul><li>Endosperm </li></ul><ul><li>Cotyledon </li></ul><ul><li>Ep...
Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th  Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
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Name That Plant Part

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  • Common ground on Friday for the Dean’s visit Assign Seats Assign GMO pro or con Tell lab participants to meet at 12:20 on Friday in Room 17
  • Transcript of "Name That Plant Part"

    1. 1. Name that plant part!
    2. 2. Overall Plant Structure Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
    3. 3. More Examples: Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
    4. 4. Final Example: Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.
    5. 5. Root Functions: <ul><li>Anchoring the plant (citrus tap root) </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbing water and minerals from the soil and transporting them to the stem </li></ul><ul><li>Food Storage (Carrot) </li></ul><ul><li>Aeration (Black Mangrove and Cypress; pneumatophores) </li></ul><ul><li>Support (Red Mangrove and Corn; Proproots) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Root Systems Consist of: <ul><li>Primary roots </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary roots (rootlets) </li></ul><ul><li>Root Hairs </li></ul>
    7. 7. Three Basic Types of Root Systems: Fibrous Taproot Storage Taproot Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc. Smith. 2000.The Vegetable Gardener’s Bible. Storey Books. Pownal, VT.
    8. 8. Other Important Root Terms: <ul><li>Root Hairs </li></ul><ul><li>Fleshy Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Aerial Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Knees </li></ul>
    9. 9. Root Hairs: <ul><li>Root hairs are tubular extensions of epidermal cells </li></ul><ul><li>Increase root surface area </li></ul><ul><li>Greatly increases plants ability to absorb water and minerals from the soil. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Fleshy Roots:
    11. 11. Aerial Roots:
    12. 12. Roots with a support function:
    13. 13. Stems: Parker. 1998. Introduction to Plant Science. Delmar Publishers. New York.
    14. 14. Stem Functions: <ul><li>Attachment point for leaves, flowers, and fruit </li></ul><ul><li>House the vascular system </li></ul><ul><li>Storage (tubers, corms, bulbs, rhizomes) </li></ul><ul><li>Can serve to help plant spread (runners, tendrils, thorns </li></ul>
    15. 15. Crowns <ul><li>Short inconspicuous stems: </li></ul>
    16. 16. Simple <ul><li>Stems without branches: </li></ul>
    17. 17. Other types of stems <ul><li>Branched (many plants) </li></ul><ul><li>Climbing </li></ul><ul><li>Creeping </li></ul><ul><li>Rhizomes (potatoes) </li></ul><ul><li>Stolons (stem connecting strawberry daughter plants to the mother plant) </li></ul>
    18. 18. Leaves:
    19. 19. Simple Compound Tip Midrib Axillary Bud Secondary Vein Leaflet Margin Base Petiole
    20. 20. A Sample of Leaf Shapes Scale-like Needle-like Chordate -Ovate Ovate- Chordate Palmately Lobed Pinnately Lobed Lanceolate
    21. 21. Sample Leaf Margins Double serrate Entire Lobed Incised Serrate Crenate
    22. 22. Leaf Tips Leaf Bases Cuspidate Acuminate Acute Round Chordate Hastate Rounded Oblique
    23. 23. Leaf Venation Dichotomous Palmate Pinnate
    24. 24. Leaf Arrangements on the Stem Alternate Opposite
    25. 25. Compound Leaf Arrangements Palmately Pinnately Bipinnately
    26. 26. Flower Parts http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/301Manhart/repro/Flower%20diagram/flower_diagram.htm
    27. 27. Source: University of Florida/IFAS Extension
    28. 28. Petal Sepal Pistil Stamen
    29. 30. Flower vs. Inflorescence
    30. 31. http://www.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/projects/bmv/vmm-deluxe/Animations.html#cpoundlf
    31. 32. Racemose Inflorescences http://www.gardenwithinsight.com/help100/00000418.htm
    32. 33. Cymose Inflorescences Cyme Scorpiod Cyme Fascicle
    33. 34. Review of Inflorescence Types
    34. 36. Monoecious Dioecious
    35. 37. Dry Fruits <ul><li>Achene (sunflower seed) </li></ul><ul><li>Samara (winged maple seed) </li></ul><ul><li>Nuts (walnut) </li></ul><ul><li>Grain </li></ul><ul><li>Capsule </li></ul><ul><li>Silique </li></ul><ul><li>Legume (peas) </li></ul><ul><li>Follicle (milkweed) </li></ul>
    36. 38. Fleshy Fruits <ul><li>Drupe (peach) </li></ul><ul><li>Berry tomato </li></ul><ul><li>Pepo (watermelon) </li></ul><ul><li>Hesperidium (orange) </li></ul><ul><li>Pome (apple) </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregate (strawberry) </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple (pineapple) </li></ul>
    37. 40. Seed Parts you should know: <ul><li>Seed coat </li></ul><ul><li>Endosperm </li></ul><ul><li>Cotyledon </li></ul><ul><li>Epicotyl </li></ul><ul><li>Hypocotyl </li></ul><ul><li>embryo </li></ul>http://www.hcs.ohio-state.edu/hcs/TMI/hcs200/seed.html
    38. 41. Source: Raven, Evert, and Eichhorn. 1986. Biology of Plants. 4 th Ed. Worth Publishers, Inc.

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