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Chamomile Botany



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  • 1. Chamomile
  • 2. 2 Types of Chamomile used medicinally Chamomile - from the Greek for ground-apple (refering to apple-like scent) Roman Chamomile German Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile (syn. Matricaria recutita Anthemis nobilis ) Used Used more in England more frequently in U. Stronger odor and flavor S. than German
  • 3. German Chamomile Matricaria recutita Botanical Family: Aster Family (Asteraceae) Type: Cool-season Annual plant Origin: Native to Europe and Western Asia Naturalized to most of the United States
  • 4. German Chamomile Plant Description Size: 6-20quot; X 6-20quot; Foliage: Pinnately divided leaf Aromatic - apple-scented Form: Bushy and upright Light green
  • 5. German Chamomile Plant Description Flower: Infloresence of disc and ray flowers Small yellow disc flowers White ray flowers (may not be present or visible) Ray Flower Disc Flowers
  • 6. German Chamomile Plant Description Growing conditions: Sunny to partly sunny location Hardiness: annual Propagation: Grows from seed, sow in spring; plants will readily reseed
  • 7. Roman Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile Botanical Family: Aster Family (Asteraceae) Type: Evergreen perennial Origin: Native to Europe Naturalized in some areas in US
  • 8. Roman Chamomile Plant Description Size: 3-6 inches tall with 12 inch spread Form: Low-growing groundcover Foliage: Pinnately divided leaf Aromatic - apple-scented Flower: Infloresence of disc and ray flowers, 1quot; across Small yellow disc flowers Silver-white to cream ray flowers Flowers June to September
  • 9. Roman Chamomile Plant Description Growing conditions: Sun to part shade in well-drained soil Hardiness: Zones 4-9 Propagation: Seed, division, or stem cuttings (Division of offshoots from mother plant is easiest)
  • 10. Vocab Annual plant - completes entire life cycle in 1 growing season Pinnately divided leaf - feather-like leaf; leaflets attached to either side of a center stalk Inflorescence - group of flowers on stem Disc flower - flowers in center of daisy flower (the brown center on a sunflower) Ray flower - flowers that surround the disc of a daisy flower (the yellow quot;petalsquot; of a sunflower) Propagation - making more plants Perennial - plant that lives more than 2 years, usually refers to herbaceous perennial, ie a plant that dies back to the ground every fall and regrows from roots in the spring Division - propagation technique in which mother plant is cut into smaller new plants
  • 11. Sources Mimi's ppt http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/pdf/hil-8110.pdf http://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheets/HGIC1311.htm http://cahe.nmsu.edu/pubs/_h/h-221.pdf http://courses.missouristate. edu/ClydetteAlsup/AGH325/ID_Pages/Asteraceae_Matricaria_chamomilla.doc http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil-8112.html Flora http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/Plant.asp?code=B144 For very specific growing info (for German Chamomile) - http://ecocrop.fao. org/ecocrop/srv/en/dataSheet?id=7637
  • 12. Image Credits: 1. Slide 1 - Steve Brace 2. Slide 2 - Tico Bassie