Avoid strong feelings (e.g. nobody does this, it is impossible to disagree with me)
Use generalizations (e.g. people say/believe/consider)
Do not use generalization (e.g. everybody believes that…)
Do not use strong personal expressions (e.g. I think)
Use linking words (e.g. therefore, although, however etc.)
Use sequencing (e.g. firstly, secondly, lastly)
Make reference to other sources (e.g. The government claims that…)
Give examples- not personal thoughts (e.g. products such as sprayer can destroy the environment)
Give up banal (unoriginal, boring) introductions. Write something more original (Don’t write: This topic has been important since ancient times.)
example: topic: sharing of music files through the Internet
Make an assertion about the narrowed topic. assertion : a statement that expresses an opinion, a point of view, etc.
example: not an assertion (just a statement of fact) : Earlier this year a law went into effect that allows music publishing companies to track down and sue people who share files of copyrighted music through the Internet.
assertion: It’s wrong for music companies to be able to access people’s personal computers and get them in trouble for files that happen to be there.
assertion: This law is good and needed because it protects the copyrighted material and thus the whole business of these companies.
4. Compose an argumentative thesis statement (you may also do this after you’ve planned or after you’ve drafted your entire essay)
argumentative thesis statement: Even though the U.S. electoral system has served our country well for more than 200 years, it is clearly in need of major reform . assertion (indicates that the essay will pay attention to the historical background of the issue and to contrary arguments)
argumentative thesis statement: The U.S. electoral system needs to be assertion reformed because it is antiquated, it doesn’t truly reflect the will of the voters, and it causes too much division in our country as shown in the last presidential election. (indicates that the first major part of the essay will discuss the obsolescence of the system, the second will argue how it is unrepresentative and the third will talk about the political and social conflicts caused by it)
argumentative thesis statement: The United States sometimes resembles a banana republic with the way our system for electing presidents has become so uncertain and strife-ridden. (assertion is implied)
There has been much discussion about the use of nuclear power ever since the first reactor was built. People who support nuclear power think that it provides a cheap and effective means of supplying energy needs. However, in reality it is not cheap at all and the dangers are well-known after the accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island. The fact is that nuclear power is a tried, tested and failed technology. Because of its cost, risk and alternatives, the building of nuclear reactors should not continue.
Grab your readers attention General Topic Controlling Idea Thesis Narrow Topic The introduction
Arguments for: The reasons “parts” of your thesis statement will be in your body paragraphs.
Give clear arguments for your claim with support (examples, statistics, explanations, etc.)
Use transition words as you move from paragraph to paragraph ( Firstly, secondly, furthermore, in addition, moreover, finally) .
You can also use any of the transitions from the other essay types as long as they are appropriate for your argument. ( You may want to compare/contrast things, give reasons/results, descriptions, definitions etc.)
Some people might claim that there is no real alternative to a new generation of nuclear reactors. However, combined heat and power units, which generate electricity, are already economical for large houses or blocks of flats and smaller units will be on the market next year. Local generation of electricity eliminates the enormous losses of wasted heat in electricity generation by fossil fuels or nuclear reactors. Wind turbines and solar cells on the roof can also provide home solutions and will become more economical as costs come down with mass production.
Human beings do not need to eat meat in order to maintain good health because they can get all their food needs from meatless products and meatless substances. A vegetarian diet is as healthy as a diet containing meat.
Advertising: Information or Manipulation?
Education is an indivisible part of the prosperity of the nation. The more educated and cultured people there are in the country the more flourishing and thrifty the country is.
The mass media, including TV, radio, newspapers have a great influence on people and especially on the younger generation. It plays an important role in shaping the opinions and positions of the younger generation.