HOT ROC – Group Concept Map Each group will have a different color white board marker We will go around the class one group at a time and add new information to the white board. The last group to add information will be the winner
Reviewing 4 Leaders: Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini and Tojo Reading--origins of the war 436-438. Dictator Resumes Each group will read and prepare the for a job interview, titled: World Dictator You will present this information to a panel of judges who will determine the most qualified dictator.
Reviewing 4 Leaders: Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini and Tojo Review What are three commonalities between Stalin, Mussolini, Hitler and Tojo?
Europe After WWI The Versailles Treaty Germany forced to sign “war guilt” clause and pay reparations (32 billion) Limitations on Germany’s military Loss of all colonies
The Rise of Hitler 1920: The Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers' Party) founded Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), a WWI veteran *don’t write down 1923: Attempts a coup, spends year in jail Writes Mein Kampf 1930: Nazi party second largest in Germany—appeals to middle class, farmers, veterans 1933: Hitler elected Chancellor of Germany 1934: Uses people’s desperation during the Depression to end democracy in Germany and become appointed Führer by his cabinet
Alliance System- *See Map Allies: Great Britain and France. Later: U.S. U.S.S.R. Australia China Canada, etc Axis: Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and the Empire of Japan On August 23, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.
British, July 1936 - by Sir David Low
Germany invades Poland On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, using the false pretext of a faked "Polish attack" on a German border post. 1940, the Germans invaded Belgium, the Netherlands, and France using “blitzkrieg” (lightning war).
Germany occupies Paris June 22, 1940. French sign armistice. Summer of 1940: Battle of Britain Summer of 1941: Germany attacks the Soviet Union
The War- Ken Burns Introduction: “A Necessary War” Episode 1 Netflix- Instant Streaming, start at 3:10 Is there ever such a thing as a necessary war? How can a war bring out “the best and the worst in a generation?”
Homework Use p. 444-445 to create diary or story from British person’s pov about Germany’s invasions, Dunkirk and Battle of Britain. 1 page.
HOT ROC, 1/8/10- What is Dr Seuss’ Message?
U.S. Response Isolationism vs Interventionism 1936 Congress passes Neutrality Acts (prohibits selling of weapons to nations at war). FDR’s position Sees Germany and Japan as threats FDR Actions Timeline 1938 Asks Congress for $300 million 1940 Selective Service (Draft) 1941 (January) Lend-Lease program to aid allies 1941 Embargo against Japan scrap metal sales, aviation fuel, all metals, chemicals, machine parts and anything that could be used for military means
Japanese militarism Read pgs 439-440 and find 2 similarities and 2 differences to Hitler and Germany’s aggression Review: Imperial Japan in the 1930s was looking to become a world power. 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria and China in 1937. The United States and the United Kingdom reacted by making loans to China. providing covert military assistance, pilots and fighter aircraft to Kuomintang China. instituting increasingly broad embargoes of raw materials and oil against Japan.
Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 At 6am, 6 Japanese carriers launched a first wave of 183 planes. Overall, 21 ships of the U.S. Pacific fleet were damaged and the death toll reached 2,403. Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6LlbQCmj8nk&feature=related Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gpqm0KT9MJA&NR=1
U.S. Enters War December 8, 1941 FDR asks Congress for Declaration of war against Japan. Germany and Italy declare war on U.S. After Pearl Harbor, a new selective service act made men between 18 and 45 liable for military service. Army increases from 1.8 million in 1941 to 3.9 million by 1942
What was the U.S. fighting for? Revenge? Ideals? A way out of the Great Depression? To defeat totalitarianism and fascism?
FDR’s 4 FreedomsSpeech to Congress on January 6, 1941 The first is freedom of speech and expression The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way The third is freedom from want The fourth is freedom from fear Audio Clip: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5iHKtrirjlY
Ours…to fight for Freedom of Speech Freedom of Religion Norman Rockwell, 1943 Freedom from Fear Freedom from Want
Homework for Monday 2 options – 1 paragraph for either Compare/Contrast Pearl Harbor and 9/11 Compare/Contrast trench warfare of WWI with Germany’s blitzkrieg of WWII. Use p.443 to help understand details of blitzkrieg.