Megan Berry Period 6 Bottlenose Dolphin
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  • 1. The Bottlenose Dolphin By Megan Berry Mr. Buchmann 6 period
  • 2. The Bottlenose Dolphin
    • Common name: Bottlenose Dolphin
    • Scientific name: Tursiops truncates
    http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/bottlenose/images/pic-bottlenose-dolphins.jpg
  • 3. Characteristics
    • Size: Length on average: 11-13 feet (King)
    • Weight on average: 330 -440 pounds (King)
    • Physical Characteristics:
      • Smooth, rubbery skin
      • Grey/dark grey on it’s back, but white underneath
      • Dorsal fin has no bones, only cartilage
        • Called Flukes
        • Has five different digits inside the fin, almost like a human hand
      • The blowhole
        • What dolphins use to breathe through
        • Covered by a muscular flap to make it water proof
        • Located on the top of the head
    http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/bottlenose/images/pic-bottlenose-dolphins.jpg
  • 4. Habitat
    • Bottlenose dolphins live in temperate and tropical waters throughout the world.
    • Bottlenose Dolphins prefer warm water
      • 10° to  32°C (50°-90° F).
    • Usually limited to surface water
      • Shallows where they can hunt their fish
    • Dolphins move in groups - they are very social creatures
    http://library.thinkquest.org/17963/images/large-species-T-truncatus-dist.jpg
  • 5. Food and Hunting http://www.allaboutyou.com/cm/allaboutyou/images/Rr/or_9fb63661121196971528630.jpg
  • 6. Breeding and Raising Calves http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/bottlenose/images/pic-bottlenose-dolphins.jpg
  • 7. Dolphins and Humans
    • The toxins in waters and dolphin tissues, and death rates
      • Exacerbated and created by the heavy boat traffic, habitat destruction, and pollution
    • Many establishments where dolphins are for recreational purposes, as well as somewhat educational.
    • Theme parks express the education about the natural lifestyle of dolphins and bring awareness to the mistreatment of these intelligent creatures.
    • Dolphins have been hunted for food, clothing, and fertilizers
        • Peru, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Japan to this day
    • Dolphins can get drowned by fishing nets and fishing gear.
  • 8. Fun Facts!
    • Dolphins use echolocation to see underwater
      • They send out whistles and high pitched sounds, and when the sounds bounce back, the dolphins can see what is in front of them
      • They use this for communication as well as hunting for fish and other creatures
    • Dolphins spend 33% of their day sleeping
      • When they sleep, they only sleep with one half of their brain.
  • 9. Death of Dolphins and the Causes of them http://media.nj.com/star-ledger/photo/dead-dolphin-on-beach-a88ce5e48327634b_large.jpg
    • Dolphins usually live for about 20 years
    • Ways dolphins die:
      • parasites
      • suffocation from trash
      • Predator attacks (sharks, and sometimes stingrays and killer whales)
      • Human hunting
  • 10. Works Cited
    • King, Judith: Wildlife Fact File Pittsburg, PA: International Masters Publishers, 1997
    • "BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Habitat & Distribution." Seaworld.com/animal-info.com . Web. 19 Apr. 2011.“
    • BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Diet & Eating Habits." Seaworld.com/animal-info.com . Web. 19 Apr. 2011.
    • "BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Physical Characteristics." Seaworld.com/animal-info.com . Web. 19 Apr. 2011.
    • "BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Adaptations for an Aquatic Environment." Seaworld.com/animal-info.com . Web. 19 Apr. 2011.
    • "BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Longevity & Causes for Death." Seaworld.com/animal-info.com . Web. 19 Apr. 2011.
    • "BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Reproduction." Seaworld.com/animal-info.com . Web. 19 Apr. 2011.
    • "BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Birth & Care of Young." Seaworld.com/animal-info.com . Web. 19 Apr. 2011.
    • "BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS: Scientific Classification." Seaworld.com/animal-info.com . Web. 19 Apr. 2011.