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African elephant wideline pierre



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  • 1. African Elephant By: Wideline Pierre Mr.Buchmann Biology Period 2
  • 2. Habitat Map http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/african-elephant/
  • 3. Habitat
    • Essentially on animal of open grasslands, the African elephant is adaptable enough to live happily in a variety of habitat s within its sub-Saharan African homeland.
    • Live together in r family units; adult males are solitary.
  • 4. stats
    • *Sizes:
    • Height: Male ten ft. to shoulder.
    • Female a little smaller.
    • *weight:
    • Male up to 6 tons.
    • Female up to 4.
    • *Breeding:
    • Elephant mate when they are 14 or 15 years old.
    • *Color:
    • Gray, brownish black.
    • *Life span: About 70 years.
  • 5. Communication
    • When elephant are foraging for food out of sight of one another , they communicate by making rumbling noises similar to gargling.
    • They also communicate by vocal-stomping, different calls and social.
  • 6. Human Interaction
    • African elephants face an uncertain future. Politics, war, sustained media campaigns, corrupt, weak or absent institutions supporting conservation, land- use planning or general governance, and greed are all bringing elephants into direct conflict with humans. Although elephant populations have declined considerably relative to their historical size and range, human populations have expanded to occupy and intensively use remaining elephant areas. Strategies to minimize perceptions of conflict and the implementation of land-use planning with biodiversity protection as its goal could help to sustain at least some populations of elephants. Here, we review threats to elephants, with an emphasis on those resulting from human perceptions of conflict, and suggest some mechanisms for grappling with these threats.
    • The classical method to prevent crop raiding is to guard the fields, shoot the elephants and use electrical fencing, but its not always working, and when there is human elephant interaction, theirs always victims, may it be the elephants or the humans.
  • 7. Food &Feeding
    • * Elephant are entirely vegetarian.
    • *They eat a wide variety of grasses, foliage, fruit , and small branches and twigs.
    • *The few teeth elephants have are used to grind their food.
    • *Night, early morning are they favorite eating and drinking times, but they also eat all day on the move.
  • 8. Work Cited
    • King, Judith: wildlife fact file. Pittsburg, PA.: International Masters Publishers,1997
    http://www.elephant.se/elephant_human_conflict.php?open=Man%20and%20elephants http://www.wildlife-pictures-online.com/elephant-communication.html