Literary Terms Defined Burton’s 4th period Scholars Provide Examples
My scholars serve as teachers The following literary terms were defined and presented to the class• alliteration • paradox• apostrophe • parallel structure• comparison-contrast • parallel syntax• descriptive • persuasive• ellipsis • repetition• euphemism • rhetorical fragment• expository • rhetorical question• inverted word order • rhyme• logical appeal • simile• metaphor • simple sentence• mood • synecdoche• narrative • tone
Repetition The recurrence of an action or eventBy Mia H.
Repetition Example 1: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, Humpty Dumpty had a great fall;All the Kings horses and all the Kings men Couldnt put Humpty together againBy Mia H.
Repetition Example 2: WHEN I heard the learn’d astronomer;When the proofs, the figures, were ranged in columns before me; When I was shown the charts and thediagrams, to add, divide, and measure them; When I, sitting, heard the astronomer...By Mia H.
apostropheA figure of speech in whichsome absent or nonexistentperson or thing is addressedas if present and capable of understanding. Mariah Theodore
apostrophe Example #1 "God help me!" Mariah Theodore
apostrophe Example #2 "O stranger of the future! O inconceivable being! whatever the shape of your house, however you scoot from place to place, no matter how strange and colorless the clothes you may wear, I bet nobody likes a wet dog either. I bet everyone in your pub, even the children, pushes her away."from "To a Stranger Born in Some Distant Country Hundreds of Years from Now by Billy Collins. Mariah Theodore
A paradox is and argument that produces an inconsistency, typically within logic or common sense. Themes in paradoxes include self- reference, infinite regress, circular definitions, and confusion between different levels of abstraction.
"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way” By Abraham Tsegaye
Suppose you build a time machine, go back in time to find your grandmother when she was three years old, and then drown her in the bathtub. So she never grows up, and never has any kids. Therefore, one of your parents was never born. Therefore, YOU were never born. Therefore, you never traveled back in time and killed your infant grandma. So she DID grow up and have kids. Therefore, your parent WAS born. Therefore, YOU were born! Therefore, you traveled back in time and killed your infant grandma. Ad infinitum. Abraham Tsegaye
EllipsisDefinition:NounThe omission from speech or writing of a wordor words that are superfluous or be understoodfrom contextual clues.A set of dots indicating such an omission. Ahmad Ordu Per. 4 1/14/13
Example of Ellipsis• The man looked above . . . all he could see were three black silhouettes against the bright blue sky. When the man looked above he couldnt quite believe what he saw . . . . Ahmad Ordu Per. 4 1/14/13
Another Example of Ellipsis• An ellipsis is also a rhetorical device in literature (in plain English, another way to write a unique sentence). Its definition is "The deliberate ommission of a word or words readily implied by context." Examples: My dreams had no end that night; my delight no limit. In the anime world, Naruto is a hero; Goku, a legend. I love coffee; my spouse, soda. Ahmad Ordu Per. 4 1/14/13
EUPHEMISMA euphemism is a generally innocuousword, name, or phrase that replaces anoffensive or suggestive one
EXAMPLESPassed away instead of diedCorrectional facility instead of jailDeparted instead of diedDifferently-abled instead of handicapped or disabledFell off the back of a truck instead of stolenEthnic cleansing instead of genocide
EXAMPLES….2Turn a trick instead of engage in prostitutionNegative patient outcome instead of deadRelocation Center instead of prison campCollateral damage instead of accidental deathsLetting someone go instead of firing someonePut to sleep instead of euthanizePregnancy termination instead of abortionOn the streets instead of homeless
Expository Expository writing is a type of writing where the purpose is to inform, describe, explain, or define the authors subject to the reader. -Kristiana C.
Example #1 Example of expository is if a writer explains the purpose of something , the meaning of it , and / or to explain something. - Kristiana C.
Example #2 I feel as though Martin Luther Kings speech was a expository passage. He was explaining how he wanted the future to be. He explained how his thoughts , feelings, and emotions. Mr. King was a role model to all , and he was very inspiring to all generations following him. -Kristiana C.
An alliteration is the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. By: Lindsey Aguilar
Peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. A peck of pickled peppers peter piper picked. If peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did peter piper pick? By: Lindsey Aguilar
Through three cheese trees three free fleas flew. While these fleas flew, freezy breeze blew. Freezy breeze made these three trees freeze. Freezy trees made these trees’ cheese freeze. That’s what made these three free fleas sneeze. By: Lindsey Aguilar
Rhetorical FragmentRhetorical fragments are incomplete sentencesthat author’s use while writing to persuade thereader, or to evoke some emotional responsefrom the readers perspective. By: Mallorie Fadaol
Rhetorical Fragment -• LIGHTS! CAMERA! ACTION! are three examples of rhetorical fragment By Mallorie Fadaol
Rhetorical Fragment – Stephenie Meyer• “As we walked, I felt myself settling into another version of myself, the self I had been with Jacob. A little younger, a little less responsible. Someone who might, on occasion, do something really stupid for no good reason.” Eclipse By Mallorie Fadaol
Parallel syntaxrepetition of. words, phrases, and clauses, used in a concise manner, to emphasize a point. andrew dove
Example 1• I came, I saw, I conquered andrew dove
Example 2• Down, down, down. Would the fall never end? andrewdove
For example, the question "Cant you do anything right?" is asked not to gain information about the ability of the person being spoken to, but rather to insinuate that the person always fails.
"If your friend jumped off the bridge would you do it too?“ is an example of a rhetorical question because you are not meant to answer the questions it is just asked for you to come to a realization that you are not thinking for yourself..
RHYMERhyme is the correspondence of words between or the endings of words.Rhyme is most often used at the end of lines. Malik Robinson
Rhyme Example #1Nothing Gold Can Stay by Robert Frost. Natures first green is gold, Her hardest hue to hold. Her early leafs a flower; But only so an hour. Then leaf subsides to leaf. So Eden sank to grief, So dawn goes down to day. Nothing gold can stay. Malik Robinson
Rhyme Example #2The Rose Family by Robert Frost. The rose is a rose, And was always a rose. But now the theory goes That the apples a rose, And the pear is, and sos The plum, I suppose. The dear only knows What will next prove a rose. You, of course, are a rose But were always a rose. Malik Robinson
having the quality of describing; characterized by description: Ri’chan Mulder
"Ifany personal description of me is thought desirable, it may be said, I am, in height, six feet, four inches, nearly; lean in flesh, weighing, on an average, one hundred and eighty pounds; dark complexion, with coarse black hair, and gray eyes--no other marks or brands recollected." (Abraham Lincoln, Letter to Jesse W. Fell, 1859) Ri’chan Mulder
The sleeping water reflected the evening sky. The angels must have spilled their jam, because the sunset was a mixture of grape with strawberry, apricot and raspberry, clumps of blueberry, and a little melted butter.(By Brenda B. Covert) Ri’chan Mulder
A piece of writing in which the writeruses words to convince the reader of his/her view regarding an issue. By Stephanie
Victoria wrote an essay to convince her class to sign a petition against smoking. By Stephanie
The president made many promises in his speech to persuade people to vote for him. By Stephanie
Example of MoodThe mood that was portrayed in AHaunted House was funny,suspenseful, scary and exciting.
Example of MoodThe mood that was portrayed in HarryPotter and the Order Of The Phoenix isserious, dramatic, and scary.
Victoria Tu Group 3 4th period January 14, 2013Narrative (writing purpose): any account that presents connected events and may be categorized into many categories. A narrative is usually something that the actual writer experienced and is telling the story.
Examples of Narratives • Rosa writes an essay telling her teacher about her summer vacation. • This is an example of a narrative because Rosa is telling her audience the experience of her summer vacation.By: Victoria Tu
Example of Narratives • Bobby went into the room and the frigid cold wind pushed against his face and suddenly his skin color turned pale. • This is an example of a narrative because the sentence is very descriptive.By: Victoria Tu
Logical Appeal:Your arguments convince people because they are logical. They Halie Matthews make sense to people.
Example #1Please take me shopping Mom, I need some new clothes. Halie Matthews
Example #2My belief that I could bepresident, from myfathers experience withpresidency. Halie Matthews