Better Place - Electric Vehicle standardization


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Presentation by Ziva Patir, Better Place VP of Standardization, at the General Meeting of the IEC in Tel Aviv, October 2009.

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Better Place - Electric Vehicle standardization

  1. 1. Standards Enable E-Mobility, Create SustainabilityZiva PatirOctober 2009<br />
  2. 2. The Beginning<br />2008 Better PLC, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Growth in vehicle ownership andurban congestion<br />
  4. 4. We are increasingly dependent on oil<br />4<br /> Source: World Energy Outlook 2006, International Energy Agency<br />
  5. 5. In the U.S., passenger vehicles and light trucks account for:<br />44.4% of all Carbon Monoxide emissions<br /> Carbon monoxide is harmful because it reduces oxygen delivery to the <br /> body&apos;s organs and tissues.<br />25.5% of all Hydrocarbon emissions<br /> Ground-level ozone causes health problems such as difficulty breathing, lung damage, and reduced cardiovascular functioning. A number of hydrocarbons are also considered toxic, meaning they can cause cancer or other health problems.<br />17.7% of all Nitrous Oxide emissions<br /> NOx cause smog, haze and ground level Ozone – poor air quality you can see<br />2.5% of all Particulate Matter emissions<br /> Health effects include asthma, difficult or painful breathing, and chronic bronchitis, especially in children and the elderly.<br />CONFIDENTIAL © 2009 Better Place<br />5<br />Source: Environmental Protection Agency<br />
  6. 6. NOx Tel Aviv<br />יום כיפור<br />Yom Kippur<br />Hamackabee St.<br />Ben Yehuda St.<br />Source: Ministry of Environmental Protection national air monitoring system<br />
  7. 7. The big picture<br />Peak Oil<br />Climate Change<br />Pollution<br />Renewable Energy and Grid Management<br />Energy Efficiency<br />CONFIDENTIAL © 2009 Better Place<br />7<br />
  8. 8. The big picture (cont.)<br />There is no such thing as clean oil, but since we know how to make clean electrons, electrification of transportation unlocks an opportunity to transition the vast majority of the world&apos;s energy use to clean, renewable sources. <br />By electrifying transportation, we reduce pollution and eliminate our dependency on oil – a finite, dirty, and geopolitically unstable resource.<br />CONFIDENTIAL © 2009 Better Place<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Sustainable mobility WCSD definition 2009<br />The ability to meet society&apos;s desires and needs to move freely, gain access, communicate, trade and establish relationships without sacrificing other essential human or ecological values, today or in the future.&quot;<br />9<br />
  10. 10. WCSD definition (Contd.)<br />1 Ensure that the emissions of transport-related conventional pollutants do not constitute a significant public health concern anywhere in the world.2 Limit transport-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to sustainable levels.3 Significantly reduce the total number of road vehicle related deaths and serious injuries from current levels in both the developed and the developing worlds.<br />4 Reduce transport-related noise.<br />5 Mitigate congestion.6 Narrow the &quot;mobility opportunity divides&quot; that inhibit the inhabitants of the poorest countries and members of economically and socially disadvantaged groups within nearly all countries from achieving better lives for themselves and their families.7  Preserve and enhance mobility opportunities for the general population of both developed and developing world countries.<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Electric vehicles are &gt;3 times more efficient… <br />…at converting energy to motion, compared with ICE vehicles<br />11<br />Source: James Boyd, Commissioner and Vice Chair, California Energy Commission. “California’s Energy Future: Key Drivers and Issues in a Global Context” Presentation at the California Clean Energy Round Table. December 6-8, 2006<br />
  12. 12. Why standards?<br />What standards?<br />Who develops?<br />When?<br />Where?<br />CONFIDENTIAL © 2009 Better Place<br />12<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. The case for standards<br />Global relevance,policy<br />Sustainability<br />Interchangeability<br />Connectivity<br />Safety<br />Security<br />Converging technologies<br />14<br />© 2009 Better Place<br />
  15. 15. Scope- Issues<br /><ul><li>Connectors
  16. 16. Exchange stations
  17. 17. Battery packs and systems
  18. 18. Communication and ITS
  19. 19. Energy consumption , measuring ,smart grid
  20. 20. Labeling , consumer information ,data presentation
  21. 21. HMI
  22. 22. Use Cases</li></ul>ECO DRIVING<br />SAFE DRIVING<br />SDMS-safety driving management systems<br />Smart grid components<br />Services- billing, monitoring etc<br />Consumer information claims<br />Environment specifics for EV’s<br />Recycling, shipping, transport etc<br />Rating<br />CONFIDENTIAL © 2009 Better Place<br />15<br />
  23. 23. Sustainable Mobility Standards<br />Products<br />Organizations<br />Major Areas<br />for standards<br />Partnerships<br />Required to bring these products to market<br />Standards encompass all aspects ofsustainable mobility<br />1811<br />1811<br />1811<br />1811<br />VEHICLES<br />Charging<br />IEC<br />ISO , IEC ,ITU<br />Academia<br />Components<br />Connectors<br />CENELEC , CEN<br />Government.<br />Communication<br />services<br />SAE ,NEMA, UL ASTM ,NFPA<br />NGOs<br />performance<br />Batteries<br />Range extension<br />ITS , EPRI, etc<br />
  24. 24. International standardization landscape<br />UN / ECE<br />ISO<br />IEC<br /> SC 23<br /> Plugs, Sockets, connectors, etc.<br /> ITC<br /> TC 22<br /> Road vehicles<br /> TC 110<br /> Batteries<br />TC 69<br />Electrical <br />System<br /> WP29<br /> JWG communication<br /> TC 22 / SC21<br /> Electric, Hybrid &<br /> Fuel Cell Vehicles<br />TC 22 / SC3<br /> Electrical and electronic equipment<br /> WG 2 <br /> Motors &<br /> Controllers<br /> WG 2 <br /> Vehicle Operation<br /> WG 1 <br /> Safety<br />PT Lithium Ion Battery <br />System and Pack<br /> WG 4 <br /> Infrastructure<br /> TF 1<br /> FCV performance<br /> Energy <br /> Consumption<br /> Emissions<br /> TF 2<br /> Technology<br /> TF 3<br /> Thermal HEV<br /> Emissions &<br /> Consumption<br />© 2009 Better Place<br />
  25. 25. Standards as infrastructure <br />CONFIDENTIAL © 2009 Better Place<br />18<br />
  26. 26. IEC-ISO Agreement for Automobile Li-ion Battery Standardization<br />ISO/TC22/SC21 Electrically propelled road vehicles<br />PT LIB<br />Test specification for lithium-ion traction battery systems<br /> IEC/TC21 <br />  Secondary battery<br />IEC/TC21/JWG69-Li<br />Lithium for automobile/automotive applications<br />IEC/TC21/SC21A<br />Secondary cells and batteries <br />  containing alkaline or other <br /> non-acid electrolytes <br />           <br />[JP] IEC61982-4+5 <br />Automobile Li-ion cell<br />performance + safety<br />[DE] ISO12405<br />Automobile Li-ion pack/system performance + safety <br />  IEC/TC69 <br />  Electric vehicle<br />CELL<br />coordination<br />PACK/SYSTEM<br />Layered approach to tests on system/pack (ISO) and cell (IEC)<br />
  27. 27. Battery standardization: needs for switch station <br />Geometry - Dimensions of battery packs<br />Connectors between battery and vehicle<br />Communication between battery and vehicle. Battery and <br /> service center<br />Performance – endurance , power, voltage , capacity<br />Safety -<br />ISO/TC 22/SC 21/PT<br /> Electrically propelled road vehicles- Test specification for Lithium-Ion traction battery packs and systems.<br />IEC/TC21/SC21A/TC69 and the title is: <br /> Secondary cells and batteriesLithium ion for automobile/automotive applications<br />