Helping your child withReading FluencyPresented by:Mr. KogaF.D.Roosevelt ElementaryTIIP
Five Big Ideas in ReadingEach idea is essential but NOT sufficientALONE to achieve reading mastery1. Phonemic awareness2. Alphabetic principle3. Fluency4. Vocabulary5. Comprehension
What is fluency?Ability to read textsmoothly,easily, and quickly Automatically read wordsaccurately and understandmeaning rapidly
Comprehension and FluencyWithout reading fluency, readers placeso much mental energy on“how to read” thatthose energies are not available forcomprehension or making meaning of“what they have read.”
Strong Readers Read words quickly, correctly, and without hesitation. Reading is a pleasurable activity, so they read more. Spend more time independent reading, which not onlyincreases comprehension, but also their vocabulary,background knowledge, decoding, and fluency skills.
Struggling Readers Plod slowly through each sentence withoutexperiencing the joy of quick, automatic, fluentreading Find reading laborious, so they may lose motivationin reading Poor reading fluency may result in poor readingcomprehension with material that could easily beunderstood if it was read aloud to them.
Fluency Practice Both struggling readers and strongreaders benefit from fluency practice Readers are challenged to read moredifficult and sophisticated textexpressively with good phrasingand intonation.
Three Types of Reading thatbuild fluency1. Read Aloud- Nurture the LOVE of reading.A reader models great reading with fluency andexpression. The reader shares his thinking with thelistener throughout the text to model how meaning isgained.2. Independent Reading- The reader actively readsby himself from a “just right” book. Fluency skills andcomprehension are easily accessible.3. Coached Reading- Side-by-side with the readerencouraging and supporting to build fluency when thereader gets stuck on a word.
Ways to support fluency Vary the three types of reading Make sure child has “just right” text when readingindependently. Remember 5 finger rule. Choral Reading- reading together at the same time. Echo Reading- model reader reads, the student repeats theexpressiveness and phrasing. Repeated readings- the reader practices rereading the samepassage for fluency.
Reading Rate Words correct per minute (WCPM) Students cannot receive a “4” for ratealone. They must have good phrasing,expression, and attend to punctuation.
Phrasing, Expression, andPunctuation3 - Meets standard three or four wordphrases Some expression Attends to mostpunctuation.4 - Exceedsstandard Longer, meaningfulphrases Expressive Guided by meaningand punctuation.
Fluency CWPM (correct words per minute).Let’s try it! Choose a partner. Decide who will be the reader and whowill be the listener. The listener will follow the reading andlisten for errors.