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Symbiosis

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Transcript

  • 1. Symbiosis
  • 2. Symbiosis
    • Relationship between two living things
    • 3 Major Types
      • Parasitism
      • Commensalism
      • Mutualism
  • 3. Mutualism
    • Both organisms in relationship benefit
    • Ex. Bacteria and human mouths
    • Bacteria – home and nutrients
    • Human – bacteria compete with harmful bacteria and create barrier of entry for pathogens
  • 4. Mutualism
    • Ex. Tickbird and Rhinoceros
    • Tickbird – food and place to live
    • Rhinoceros – cleansed of parasites
  • 5. Mutualism
    • Ex. Clownfish – Sea Anemone
    • Clownfish
      • Home
      • Protection
    • Sea Anemone
      • Food from scraps
      • Not nibbled on by other fish
  • 6. Mutualism
    • Cleaner Shrimp – Other Reef Organisms
    • Cleaner Shrimp
      • Food
    • Reef Organisms
      • Cleaned of parasites
  • 7. Commensalism
    • One organism benefits and the other is neither benefited or harmed
    • Ex. Barnacles and Humpback Whale
    • Barnacles
      • Free ride
    • Humpback Whale
      • Not harmed/helped
  • 8. Commensalism
    • Ex. Shark and Remora
    • Remora
      • Food scraps
      • Free ride
    • Shark
      • Not harmed/helped
  • 9. Parasitism
    • One organism benefits, the other is harmed
    • Parasite – organism that lives in another species or feeds off that host species
    • Host – infected animal
    • Ex. Tick and fleas

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