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Classification of living things
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Classification of living things

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Classification of living things Classification of living things Presentation Transcript

  • Diversity of Life
  • What is classification?
    • Classification is the grouping of things according to characteristics
    • The science of classifying organisms is known as taxonomy
  • Early classification systems
    • Aristotle grouped animals according to the way they moved
    • John Ray was the first to use the term “species”
  • Binomial Nomenclature
    • Developed by Linnaeus
    • Two-name system
    • Each organism has a genus and a species name
    • First name (genus); second name (species)
  • What is a scientific name?
    • Combination of the genus and species name of an organism
    • Scientific names of organisms are always italicized or underlined: (Genus is capitalized; species name is lower-case)
  • Questions
    • What is classification?
    • Why is classifying living things important?
    • What is taxonomy?
    • Describe binomial nomenclature .
  • Questions
    • Who developed a system for naming living organisms?
    • For what is John Ray known?
    • What is a scientific name of an organism and how is it written?
  • Seven classification groups of living things
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species
  • Questions
    • What are the seven classification groups?
    • K ings P lay C ards O n F at G reen S tools