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Diversity of Life
What is classification? <ul><li>Classification is the grouping of things according to characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
Early classification systems <ul><li>Aristotle grouped animals according to the way they moved  </li></ul><ul><li>John Ray...
Binomial Nomenclature <ul><li>Developed by Linnaeus </li></ul><ul><li>Two-name system </li></ul><ul><li>Each organism has ...
What is a scientific name? <ul><li>Combination of the genus and species name of an organism </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific n...
Questions <ul><li>What is classification? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is classifying living things important? </li></ul><ul><li>...
Questions <ul><li>Who developed a system for naming living organisms? </li></ul><ul><li>For what is John Ray known? </li><...
Seven classification groups of living things <ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><u...
Questions <ul><li>What are the seven classification groups? </li></ul><ul><li>K ings  P lay  C ards  O n  F at  G reen  S ...
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Classification of living things

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Transcript of "Classification of living things"

  1. 1. Diversity of Life
  2. 2. What is classification? <ul><li>Classification is the grouping of things according to characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>The science of classifying organisms is known as taxonomy </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early classification systems <ul><li>Aristotle grouped animals according to the way they moved </li></ul><ul><li>John Ray was the first to use the term “species” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Binomial Nomenclature <ul><li>Developed by Linnaeus </li></ul><ul><li>Two-name system </li></ul><ul><li>Each organism has a genus and a species name </li></ul><ul><li>First name (genus); second name (species) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is a scientific name? <ul><li>Combination of the genus and species name of an organism </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific names of organisms are always italicized or underlined: (Genus is capitalized; species name is lower-case) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Questions <ul><li>What is classification? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is classifying living things important? </li></ul><ul><li>What is taxonomy? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe binomial nomenclature . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Questions <ul><li>Who developed a system for naming living organisms? </li></ul><ul><li>For what is John Ray known? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a scientific name of an organism and how is it written? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Seven classification groups of living things <ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questions <ul><li>What are the seven classification groups? </li></ul><ul><li>K ings P lay C ards O n F at G reen S tools </li></ul>

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