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Green  I T Workshop   Intro V2 Green I T Workshop Intro V2 Presentation Transcript

  • Green IT Workshop In partnership with ITAC March 4, 2009 Bill St. Arnaud
    • www.canarie.ca
    • [email_address]
  • The Climate Change Threat
    • Must Watch:
    • Obama’s National Science Advisor John Holdren on Global Climate Disruption
      • http://greenmonk.net/john-holdren-on-global-climatic-disruption/
    • Stephen Chu – new head of DoE – “Wake up America!!”
      • http://climateprogress.org/2009/02/04/chu-were-looking-at-a-scenario-where-theres-no-more-agriculture-in-california-part-2/
    • USGS Abrupt Climate Change report finds that future climate shifts have been underestimated and warns of debilitating abrupt shift in climate that would be devastating.
      • http://www.climatescience.gov/Library/sap/sap3-4/final-report/default.htm
      • http://climateprogress.org/2008/11/24/what-are-the-near-term-climate-pearl-harbors/
    • MIT report predicts median temperature forecast of 5.1C
      • http://globalchange.mit.edu/pubs/abstract.php?publication_id=990
  • Climate Forecasts MIT
  • Our Challenge j j 26 tons/person 1 ton/person 2008 2050 ? j 2100 2 tons/person Source: Stern 2008
  • ICT: the scary facts
    • By 2008, 50% of today’s Data Centers and major science facilities in the US will have insufficient power and cooling;*
    • By 2010, half of all Data Centers will have to relocate or outsource applications to another facility.*
    • During the next 5 years, 90% of all companies will experience some kind of power disruption. In that same period one in four companies will experience a significant business disruption*
    • Future Broadband- Internet alone is expected to consume 5% of all electricity
      • http://www.ee.unimelb.edu.au/people/rst/talks/files/Tucker_Green_Plenary.pdf
    *Sourcce: http://www.nanog.org/mtg-0802/levy.html
  • ICT and Cyber-Infrastructure is critical to reducing CO2
    • Direct emissions of Internet and ICT are important at 2-3% of world emissions but, in order of impact, the most significant contribution we can make is through leveraged, or indirect, emissions reductions.
    • According to SMART 2020 these represent as much as a 15% reduction opportunity in global emissions.
    • But we need to measure these GHG savings via independent 3 rd party auditing
      • Far too much hand waving and speculation
      • Many of the claims of energy efficiency will be lost to Jevons Paradox
      • ISO 14064 audits essential to validate such reductions
  • ICT’s Enabling Effect is Significant
    • Can deliver carbon emission reductions five times size of sector’s own footprint by 2020
      • 7.8 Giga-tons carbon dioxide equivalent
      • Greater than US or China’s current annual emissions
    • Key sectors include Transportation, Buildings, Industrial Processes, and Power
    • No other sector can achieve this enabler effect !!
    Source: SMART 2020: Enabling the low carbon economy in the information age, 2008
  • Canada’s ICT enabler effect ICT sector contributes one megatonne of GHG emissions or < 1% of Canada’s total Enabling effect estimated at between 19.1 – 36 MT of CO2e Telework, Car pools, Transportation logistics, Virtual Meetings, Smart Buildings & e-commerce Estimated financial benefit between $7.5 billion – $12.9 billion Source: Industry Canada
  • The Carbon Economy
    • $500 billion - Value of low-carbon energy markets by 2050
    • $100 billion - Demand for projects generating GHG emissions credits by 2030
    • $57 trillion - Carbon Disclosure Project signatories, 1000s of companies participating, expanding to supply chain accounting
    • Obama’s cap and trade estimated produce $300 billion carbon trading in North America in the next 5 years (Globe and Mail)
    • To be eligible to earn some of these revenues ICT industry must go through ISO 14064 process for all products and services that claim to reduce CO2e and join registries etc
  • Zero Carbon strategy essential
    • Zero carbon strategy using renewable energy critically important if governments introduce cap and trade or mandate carbon neutrality
      • Governments already mandating carbon tracking for business and research funding in UK
    • Reducing carbon will be difficult in some sectors e.g. transportation so to achieve Kyoto/ Copenhagen targets we need to be zero carbon in other areas
    • With a zero carbon strategy increase in demand for ICT services to reduce GHG in other sectors will not effect absolute GHG emissions
      • Anything times zero is always zero
    • Wind and solar power are most likely candidates because of opportunity cost/benefit analysis especially time to deploy
      • Nuclear has high opportunity cost because of time to deploy
      • http://climateprogress.org/2008/12/14/stanford-study-part-1-wind-solar-baseload-easily-beat-nuclear-and-they-all-best-clean-coal/
  • “ Zero Carbon” ICT
    • Purchasing green power locally is expensive with significant transmission line losses
      • Demand for green power within cities expected to grow dramatically
    • ICT facilities DON’T NEED TO BE LOCATED IN CITIES
      • -Cooling also a major problem in cities
    • But most renewable energy sites are very remote and impractical to connect to electrical grid.
      • Can be easily reached by an optical network
      • Provide independence from electrical utility and high costs in wheeling power
      • Savings in transmission line losses (up to 15%) alone, plus carbon offsets can pay for moving ICT facilities to renewable energy site
    • ICT is only industry ideally suited to relocate to renewable energy sites
      • Also ideal for business continuity in event of climate catastrophe
  • Business Opportunity for Canadian ICT
    • Three step strategy to use ICT and cyber-infrastructure to reduce GHG emissions:
    • Clean up our own act first
      • zero carbon Internet and cyber-infrastructure
      • 2-3% GHG reduction - $20 billion in offsets*
    • Use ICT for abatement in other areas:
      • Smart buildings, smart grid etc
      • 15% GHG reduction - $100 billion in offsets*
    • Use ICT as a reward mechanism to promote reduction of GHG emissions
      • gCommerce
      • ??
    • *@$100 ton CO2e in US market
  • CANARIE Green-IT Pilot
    • $3m allocation for Green cyber-infrastructure-IT pilot testbed
    • Two objectives:
      • Technical viability and usability for relocating computers and clouds to zero carbon data centers and follow the sun/follow the wind grid
      • Business case viability of offering carbon offsets (and or equivalent in services) to universities who reduce their carbon footprint by relocating computers and instrumentation to zero carbon data centers
  • Questions for today
    • CANARIE wants you input and suggestions on how to structure proposed $3m Green IT Pilot
      • Should it be directed call to a single project?
      • Or should several different projects be invited to participate?
    • Industry participation essential
      • What is their contribution to a potential project?
    • Importance of demonstrating viability of carbon offsets from baseline emissions measurement, aggregation, signing up to registry and trading
      • Details and process?
    • International partnerships – who and how
  • Some initial proposals
    • Jorge Vinals [email_address]
    •    Jorge Vinals is with CLUMEQ, a HPC facility in Quebec and is working with Fran Berman at SDSC on sharing green HPC compute resources between Canada and US
    • Randy Sobie [email_address]
    •     Randy Sobie is preparing a proposal for a BC Government funding program. He want to leverage their work with the Nimbus team and the forestry group (SAFORAH).  They want try to sell it as running “environmental applications” on a “green grid/cloud” (eg creating carbon maps of Canada using a zero-carbon grid).
    •  
    • Lynn Rohrs [email_address] and Alan Croswell alan@columbia.edu
    •      Alan Croswell has received a research grant from NYSERDA to explore how to consolidate and make more efficient use of compute cluster on campus and possibly relocation to a zero carbon data center
    •  
    • Mike Hrybyk [email_address]
    •     Mike is president of BCnet and has undertaken a study to look at building a zero carbon data center for the universities in BC using turbine spin up power at a hydro dam
    • Yvan Lafontaine [email_address] , Eric Lheureux [email_address]
    •   Yvan and Eric are working with PROMPT and Hydro Quebec to explore building a zero carbon data center in Shawinigan
    • Michel Savoie [email_address]  ,John Spence [email_address] , Martin Brooks [email_address] , Mathieu Lemay [email_address] , Eduard Grasa
    •   The CRC and its partners is working on a follow the wind/follow the sun network
  • Initial Proposals-2
    • Bill Stewart [email_address]
    •   Bill is president of ESRI which has developed open source cloud applications for Unbuntu using green servers in Montreal
    •  
    • Jerry Sheehan [email_address] , Larry Smarr [email_address] , Philip Papadopoulos , [email_address] , Thornton, Dallas-forward [email_address] , Tom Defanti [email_address] )
    •          Jerry Sheehan is the PI for Green IT at UCSD. Larry Smarr is the head of Cal-It2 at UCSD and has been the evangelist for Green IT in the US. Larry Smarr and his team are deploying a set of clusters around UCSD called Triton in which they hope to consolidate compute tasks from various clusters around the campus. They are interested in exploring installation of Triton node in Canada at a zero carbon data center. Tom Defanti is the PI for a project called Greenlight which will be an essential for measuring energy consumption (and thereby calculate carbon offsets) of various configurations of computer and network equipment
    •      
    • Victor Rejis [email_address] , Mike Norris [email_address]
    •        Victor has been spearheading the Manticore II project to create virtual routers for a zero carbon network and is exploring to build a zero carbon network node in Ireland
  • Agenda
    • 08h00 Breakfast
    • 08h30-08h45 Welcome Remarks (Guy)
    • 08h45 -09h15 Overview of day’s objectives
    • 09h15-10:00 ISO 14064 Tom Baumann 
    • 10h00-10h15 Bio Break
    • 10h15-10h30 Zero Carbon data centers
    • 10h30-11h30 Short 10 min proposals
    • 11h30-12h30 Discussion
    • 12h30- 13h00 Lunch
    • 13h00- 16h00 Bill Munson, ITAC
    • OECD's work on ICT, the Environment Josie Brocca, Industry Canada and Climate Change
    •   IEC/TC111 Environmental Standards Walter Jager, ECD Technology,
    •   Upcoming regulation of standby power Bruce Strathearn / Katherine Delves, NRCan
    •   Electronic product stewardship Jay Illingworth
    •   Chemicals Management Plan Nabila Elsaadi
    • - Substances Working Group
    • Other business / next meeting
    • 16h00 – 17h:00 CANARIE/ITAC closing remarks