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Possible Leadership Roles for CRC in Developing National Green IT Strategy Bill St. Arnaud [email_address] Unless otherwise noted all material in this slide deck may be reproduced, modified or distributed without prior permission of the author
This report was commissioned by the Communications Research Centre (CRC) as a scoping study to investigate what future roles the CRC could play in an evolving Green IT strategy for the Government of Canada.
The scoping study involved telephone interviews, meetings and e-mail exchanges with Green IT officers and CIOs at several Canadian businesses and universities as well as provincial governments.
TD Bank, BMO, BC Government, Ontario Government, UBC, US Government CIO office, Canadian Government CTO, Cisco Canada, Cisco Europe, UCSD, etc
In addition the author researched extensive material and background information from various sources around the world.
USGS report finds that future climate shifts have been underestimated and warns of debilitating abrupt shift in climate that would be devastating.
Tipping elements in the Earth's climate - National Academies of Science
“ Society may be lulled into a false sense of security by smooth projections of global change. Our synthesis of present knowledge suggests that a variety of tipping elements could reach their critical point within this century under anthropogenic climate change. “
Earth’s Climate is Rapidly Entering a Novel Realm Not Experienced for Millions of Years
“ Global Warming” Implies :
Mainly About Temperature,
a nd Quite Possibly Benign.
What’s Happening i s :
Non- U niform,
Affecting Everything About Climate,
a nd i s Almost Entirely Harmful.
A More Accurate Term is ‘Global Climatic Disruption’
This Ongoing Disruption Is:
Real Without Doubt
Mainly Caused by Humans
Already Producing Significant Harm
Growing More Rapidly Than Expected”
John Holdren, Director Office of Science and Technology Policy
The EPA Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule (March 2009) in response to Public Law 110-161 (08 Appropriations)
25,000 Tons or More Must Report to EPA.
Waxman-Markey H.R. 2454 passes the House in July 2009 by a vote of 219 Ayes, 212 Nays, 3 Present
17% CO 2 Reduction by 2020.
Federal Cap and Trade System.
Kerry-Boxer Clean Energy Jobs & American Power Act
More aggressive CO 2 reduction targets then Waxman-Markey (20% by 2020 over 2005, 80% by 2050).
Cap and Trade becomes “Pollution Reduction & Investment”.
NYT, 9.30: Best guess is as of September 30 there are about 45 yes votes for the legislation.
State Leadership on Climate STATES 2009 -72% Have Climate Action Plans -42% Have GHG Reduction Targets -66% Are Experimenting with Cap & Trade SOURCE: Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Climate101-State Actions, January 2009 Source: Jerry Sheehan UCSD- CALIT2
Bill 44-2007 was introduced in 2007 and enacted into law in 2008. The law is known as the Greenhouse Gas Reductions Target Act.
The Act establishes greenhouse gas emission target levels for the Province.
2020 BC GHG will be 33% less than 2007.
2050 BC GHG will be 80% less than 2007.
Bill mandates that by 2010 each public sector organization must be carbon neutral.
If a public sector organization can not achieve carbon neutrality then they are required to purchase offsets at $24/ton
GHG Regulation in British Columbia SOURCE: “Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report 2007”, Ministry of Environment, Victoria, British Columbia, July 2009 Source: Jerry Sheehan UCSD
The Global ICT Carbon Footprint is Roughly the Same as the Aviation Industry Today www.smart2020.org But ICT Emissions are Growing at 6% Annually!
ICT represent 8% of global electricity consumption
Projected to grow to as much as 20% of all electrical consumption in the US ( http://uclue.com/index.php?xq=724 )
Future Broadband- Internet alone is expected to consume 5% of all electricity http://www.ee.unimelb.edu.au/people/rst/talks/files/Tucker_Green_Plenary.pdf
The Global ICT Carbon Footprint by Subsector www.smart2020.org The Number of PCs (Desktops and Laptops) Globally is Expected to Increase from 592 Million in 2002 to More Than Four Billion in 2020 Data Centers Are Low Hanging Fruit Telecom & Internet fastest growing PCs Are Biggest Problem
Huge jump in carbon footprint from telecom and Internet
Huge jump in carbon footprint from telecom and Internet http://bit.ly/4MVcET
About 37 percent of the carbon footprint of the entire information and communication technology sector (ICT) in 2007 was due to the energy consumption of telecom infrastructure and devices, according to the Climate Group (14 percent came from data centers, and 49 percent came from PCs and peripherals).
Contrast that with telecom’s carbon footprint figure in 2002 which was 28 percent of ICT’s carbon footprint.
IT biggest power draw Heating, Cooling and Ventilation 40-50% Lighting 11% IT Equipment 30-40% Other 6% Sources: BOMA 2006, EIA 2006, AIA 2006 Energy Consumption Typical Building Energy Consumption World Wide Transportation 25% Manufacturing 25% Buildings 50%
Carbon Costs for the University of British Columbia SOURCE: UBC Sustainability Office, August 2009 SOURCE: http://climateaction.ubc.ca/category/emission-sources SOURCE: UBC Climate Action Plan, GHG 2006 Inventory UBC Greenhouse Gas Liability 2010-2012 2010 2011 2012 Carbon Offset $1,602,750 $1,602,750 $1,602,750 Carbon Tax $1,179,940 $1,474,925 $1,769,910 Total $2,782,690 $3,077,675 $3,372,660
This is the current favourite instrument being deployed by many governments around the world.
Cap and trade systems can be easily gamed and developing meaningful measurable, verifiable and enforceable offset standards may be very tough.
Cap and Dividend
is a relatively new concept and works on the similar principle as cap and trade except that all monies used to purchase offsets by large emitters are paid in dividends to consumers.
The big advantage that jurisdictions with large emissions are not penalized as the money spent on offsets is returned to the constituents in that jurisdiction.
There is currently a cap and dividend bill in the US congress. The proposed cap and trade bill in California is also evolving along these lines.
Cap and Reward
is a variant of cap and dividend where instead of paying cash dividends from the sale of offsets the money is earmarked for the purchase by consumers and businesses of low carbon products and services such as ICT.
This creates a virtuous circle where the money earned by the sale of offsets is used to further promote the reduction of CO2 emissions in a given jurisdiction.
Transferring Alberta’s Wealth to the rest of Canada
PM Harper has committed reduction of 20% CO2 by 2020 from 2006 baseline
Government will need to collect $40 -$70 Billion in carbon taxes or cap and trade
About half the revenues will go to purchasing international offsets
Carbon Rewards rather carbon taxes – “Cap and Reward”
Although carbon taxes or cap and trade are revenue neutral, they payee rarely sees any direct benefit
No incentive other than higher cost to reduce footprint
Rather than penalize consumers and businesses for carbon emissions, can we reward them for reducing their carbon emissions or energy consumption?
Carbon rewards can be “virtual” products delivered over broadband networks such movies, books, education, health services, collaborative education and research technologies etc
Carbon reward can also be free ICT services (with low carbon footprint) such as Internet, cell phone, fiber to the home, etc
President Obama's Executive Order 13514 the Federal Government is pursuing at least a 20% reduction in green house gas emissions by 2020.
Federal CIO Council and agency CIOs may take on the challenge of reducing the impact of agency computing equipment, but so far there has been no concrete progress .
Most significant government efforts have revolved around consolidated data centers.
The electricity costs for servers and data centers for the US government has grown $450 million in 2006, and it apparently is doubling every five years. That means the cost of the electricity for the federal government’s data centers could, in theory, be $900 million next year. A 1998 survey of federal agencies identified 432 agency data centers.
The US government is beginning the largest data center consolidation in history, hoping to dramatically reduce IT operations that are currently distributed among more than 1,100 data centers.
… the Government will support innovation in Canada’s small business sector by launching a new Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Innovation Commercialization Program, a two-year pilot initiative through which federal departments and agencies will adopt and demonstrate the use of innovative prototype products and technologies developed by small and medium-sized businesses. Budget 2010 provides $40 million over two years to support up to 20 demonstration projects. To help small and medium-sized businesses take advantage of this initiative, the Government will organize regional trade shows so that companies can showcase their innovative concepts to federal departments. Further details regarding this initiative will be announced later in the spring of 2010.