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Canadian Telecom Summit
 

Canadian Telecom Summit

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How Internet and ICT can reduce global warming

How Internet and ICT can reduce global warming

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    Canadian Telecom Summit Canadian Telecom Summit Presentation Transcript

    • Saving the Planet at the Speed of Light How the Internet and ICT can Help Reduce Global Warming Bill St. Arnaud CANARIE Inc – www.canarie.ca [email_address] Unless otherwise noted all material in this slide deck may be reproduced, modified or distributed without prior permission of the author
    • The Climate Change Imperative
      • One of , if not, the greatest threat to our future society and economy is global warming.
      • 15-30% cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 will be needed to keep the temperature increase under 2 °C, and a deeper reduction by 60-80% may be needed by 2050.*
      • It will be necessary to go beyond incremental improvements in energy efficiency, current life-styles and business practices. Significantly more drastic measures will need to be undertaken
      *International Panel on Climate Change
    • An inefficient truth- ICT impact on CO2 emissions*
      • It is estimated that the ICT industry alone produces CO2 emissions that is equivalent to the carbon output of the entire aviation industry.
      • ICT is now 5 th largest industry in terms of consumption of power
      • ICT emissions growth fastest of any sector in society, doubling every 4 years
      • One small computer server generates as much carbon dioxide as a SUV with a fuel efficiency of 15 miles per gallon
      • Nearly 40% of servers at universities and businesses are under utilized by more than 50%.
      *An Inefficient Tuth: http://www.globalactionplan.org.uk/event_detail.aspx?eid=2696e0e0-28fe-4121-bd36-3670c02eda49
    • Solutions to reduce global warming
      • Carbon taxes
        • Politically difficult to sell
      • Cap and trade
        • Useful for big emitters like power companies
        • Addresses only supply side of CO2
      • Carbon offsets
        • Immature market with no standards
        • But addresses demand side of CO2 by businesses and consumers
      • But there may be another approach….
        • Carbon rewards rather than carbon taxes
        • Using Internet and ICT to provide “virtual” products and services directly as a replacement for real equivalents and as incentive to “reward” consumers to reduce their own carbon footprint in other activities
    • ICT and Virtualization may allow us to achieve Kyoto targets
      • Dr Yuji INOUE's presentation http://www.itu.int/dms_pub/itu-t/oth/06/0F/T060F0060080025PDFE.pdf
      In 2012 application of ICTs to other sectors will contribute to reduction of 68 million tons of CO2, which is equivalent to 5.4% of CO2 emission in 1990in Japan. 90% of Kyoto commitments by Japan
    • Four step process of achieving zero carbon society
      • Clean up our own act – the Internet itself must be zero carbon
        • Build zero carbon data centers connected by optical networks
        • Deploy grids, clouds and virtual computers at these facilities
      • Eliminate enterprise servers and move existing business and consumer applications to clouds and virtual servers at zero carbon data centers
      • Eliminate consumer PC and use hand held devices or solar powered devices to access applications over Internet
        • RIM Blackberry or Apple iPhone
      • Initiate programs to offer virtual products over zero carbon Internet to consumers as a reward for reducing their carbon footprint
      2% 2% 1% 10%? Total CO2 reduction by 2020: 5-15% Total Required by 2020: 15-30%
    • Significant Economic opportunities
      • Many of these techniques and practices will also lead to exciting new business opportunities.
      • Countries that will be the first to deploy ICT strategies to mitigate global warming will be the new economic powerhouses
      • New revenue opportunities and business models for network operators and application providers
    • New “for profit” service for telcos – reduce CO2
      • Many telcos are undertaking steps to reduce their carbon footprint
      • BT plans to locate windmills as their COs and reduce power demand from grid by 25%
      • These same solutions will be important for their customers as governments start to mandate carbon neutral operations and introduce carbon taxes
      • Additional revenues can be made by brokering carbon offsets for corporate customers
        • IBM is offering up $1 million in carbon offsets to customers who virtualize their computing facilities with IBM
      • Applications in new last mile infrastructure as well
    • The Falsehood of Energy Efficiency
      • Most current approaches to reduce carbon footprint are focused on increased energy efficiency of equipment and processes
      • This approach is doomed to failure because of Khazzoom-Brookes postulate (aka Jevons paradox)
        • Greater energy efficiency reduces overall cost and therefore promotes increased usage
      • We need a “zero carbon” strategy because increased usage will not change emission equation
        • Anything times zero is zero
      • Internet networks and broadband architecture are the answer
    • Next Generation Internet to reduce Global Warming
      • PROMPT: New $50m research consortium made up of Bell Canada, Nortel, RIM, Ericsson, McGill, UoT etc
      • Any future internet network, project, program or application must have as its primary objective of a zero carbon footprint
      • Zero carbon condition applies to
        • all optical, wireless and last mile networks
        • all routers, switches, and web servers
        • all applications, computers
        • and all customer devices such as PCs, mobile phones, PDAs etc
      • Purchasing green power locally is expensive with significant transmission line losses
        • Demand for green power within cities expected to grow dramatically
      • Data centers DON’T NEED TO BE LOCATED IN CITIES
        • -Cooling also a major problem in cities
      • Most renewable energy sites are very remote and impractical to connect to electrical grid.
        • But can be easily reached by an optical network
        • May also meet some of government’s objectives of extending broadband to rural/remote areas
      • Many examples already
        • Green House Data, Cheyenne WO
        • AISO wind powered data farm
        • Iceland and Lithuania National strategies
      Step 1: “Zero Carbon” Internet data centers
    • “ Zero Carbon” data centers connected by optical networks
    • “ The best place in North America for Data Center”- CIO Magazine
      • Partnership between IBM and Rackforce
      • $100m investment – 85,000 sq ft
      • Cheap renewable power, well educated community, geological stability
      • Hydro electric power as low as 2 cents per kilowatt, versus 20 cents in other jurisdiction
      Kelowna BC http://www.cio.com/article/183256/The_Best_Place_to_Build_a_Data_Center_in_North_America
    • Grid in a Box at windmill Source: www.Bastionhost.com
    • Step 2: Virtualize Business Services and applications
      • Government of British Columbia has mandated that all public sector institutions must be carbon neutral by 2010
        • New Zealand and other governments pursing similar strategy
      • Soon governments will mandate business as well
      • Business 2.0 - Increasing trend with clouds, grids and virtual servers
      • Business and consumer applications will be delivered over the “net”
      • Already major industry growth sector
        • Google Apps, SalesForce, Amazon EC2, CRM etc
    • Step 3: Virtualization and De-materialization Source: European Commission Joint Research Centre, “The Future Impact of ICTs on Environmental Sustainability”, August 2004 Direct replacement of physical goods – 10% impact
    • Other sectors (40%) (e.g. manufacturing, coal mining, export transport) Emissions under direct consumer control (35%) Consumer influenced sectors (25%) (e.g. retail, food and drink, wholesale, agriculture, public sector) Heating Private cars Electricity Other transport Step 4: Consumers control or influence 60 per cent of emissions http://www.cbi.org.uk/pdf/climatereport2007full.pdf
    • Carbon Rewards rather carbon taxes
      • Bits and optical bandwidth are virtually carbon free (especially if we use zero carbon data centers and optical networks)
      • Rather than penalize consumers and businesses for carbon emissions, can we reward them for reducing their carbon emissions?
      • Examples:
        • Providing free download music, video, electronic textbooks, and campus wide advanced tele-presence systems in exchange for carbon fees assessed on student parking, researcher’s travel, and inefficient high energy consuming computer systems, etc.
        • Provide free eBooks and readers to those who use public transport
      • Payment to copyright holders is made with carbon offset dollars
        • Can be redeemed for real dollars from carbon “off setters” or “double down” with copyright holders own CO2 reduction strategy
    • Broadband open networks essential for zero carbon society
      • Sweden leads the world in deploying open, competitive networks
      • Need high bandwidth and competitive broadband market to deliver virtual products and services
      • Networks are also important for a variety of other zero carbon activities
        • Tele-shopping
        • Tele-work
        • Power metering
        • Micro power generation
      • But how do you pay for next generation last mile networks to the home?
    • A Zero Carbon Business Strategy for last mile infrastructure
      • Provide free high speed Internet and fiber to the home with resale of electrical and gas power
      • Customer pays a premium on their gas and electric bill
      • Customers encouraged to save money through reduced energy consumption and reduced carbon output
      • Customer NOT penalized if they reduce energy consumption
        • May end up paying substantially less then they do now for gas + electricity + broadband + telephone + cable
      • Network operator gets guaranteed revenue
    • Thank you
      • More information
      • http://green-broadband.blogspot.com