Canadian Telecom Summit


Published on

How Internet and ICT can reduce global warming

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Canadian Telecom Summit

  1. 1. Saving the Planet at the Speed of Light How the Internet and ICT can Help Reduce Global Warming Bill St. Arnaud CANARIE Inc – [email_address] Unless otherwise noted all material in this slide deck may be reproduced, modified or distributed without prior permission of the author
  2. 2. The Climate Change Imperative <ul><li>One of , if not, the greatest threat to our future society and economy is global warming. </li></ul><ul><li>15-30% cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 will be needed to keep the temperature increase under 2 °C, and a deeper reduction by 60-80% may be needed by 2050.* </li></ul><ul><li>It will be necessary to go beyond incremental improvements in energy efficiency, current life-styles and business practices. Significantly more drastic measures will need to be undertaken </li></ul>*International Panel on Climate Change
  3. 3. An inefficient truth- ICT impact on CO2 emissions* <ul><li>It is estimated that the ICT industry alone produces CO2 emissions that is equivalent to the carbon output of the entire aviation industry. </li></ul><ul><li>ICT is now 5 th largest industry in terms of consumption of power </li></ul><ul><li>ICT emissions growth fastest of any sector in society, doubling every 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>One small computer server generates as much carbon dioxide as a SUV with a fuel efficiency of 15 miles per gallon </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 40% of servers at universities and businesses are under utilized by more than 50%. </li></ul>*An Inefficient Tuth:
  4. 4. Solutions to reduce global warming <ul><li>Carbon taxes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Politically difficult to sell </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cap and trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Useful for big emitters like power companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses only supply side of CO2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Carbon offsets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immature market with no standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But addresses demand side of CO2 by businesses and consumers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But there may be another approach…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon rewards rather than carbon taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using Internet and ICT to provide “virtual” products and services directly as a replacement for real equivalents and as incentive to “reward” consumers to reduce their own carbon footprint in other activities </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. ICT and Virtualization may allow us to achieve Kyoto targets <ul><li>Dr Yuji INOUE's presentation </li></ul>In 2012 application of ICTs to other sectors will contribute to reduction of 68 million tons of CO2, which is equivalent to 5.4% of CO2 emission in 1990in Japan. 90% of Kyoto commitments by Japan
  6. 6. Four step process of achieving zero carbon society <ul><li>Clean up our own act – the Internet itself must be zero carbon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build zero carbon data centers connected by optical networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deploy grids, clouds and virtual computers at these facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eliminate enterprise servers and move existing business and consumer applications to clouds and virtual servers at zero carbon data centers </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate consumer PC and use hand held devices or solar powered devices to access applications over Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RIM Blackberry or Apple iPhone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Initiate programs to offer virtual products over zero carbon Internet to consumers as a reward for reducing their carbon footprint </li></ul>2% 2% 1% 10%? Total CO2 reduction by 2020: 5-15% Total Required by 2020: 15-30%
  7. 7. Significant Economic opportunities <ul><li>Many of these techniques and practices will also lead to exciting new business opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>Countries that will be the first to deploy ICT strategies to mitigate global warming will be the new economic powerhouses </li></ul><ul><li>New revenue opportunities and business models for network operators and application providers </li></ul>
  8. 8. New “for profit” service for telcos – reduce CO2 <ul><li>Many telcos are undertaking steps to reduce their carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>BT plans to locate windmills as their COs and reduce power demand from grid by 25% </li></ul><ul><li>These same solutions will be important for their customers as governments start to mandate carbon neutral operations and introduce carbon taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Additional revenues can be made by brokering carbon offsets for corporate customers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM is offering up $1 million in carbon offsets to customers who virtualize their computing facilities with IBM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applications in new last mile infrastructure as well </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Falsehood of Energy Efficiency <ul><li>Most current approaches to reduce carbon footprint are focused on increased energy efficiency of equipment and processes </li></ul><ul><li>This approach is doomed to failure because of Khazzoom-Brookes postulate (aka Jevons paradox) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater energy efficiency reduces overall cost and therefore promotes increased usage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We need a “zero carbon” strategy because increased usage will not change emission equation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anything times zero is zero </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet networks and broadband architecture are the answer </li></ul>
  10. 10. Next Generation Internet to reduce Global Warming <ul><li>PROMPT: New $50m research consortium made up of Bell Canada, Nortel, RIM, Ericsson, McGill, UoT etc </li></ul><ul><li>Any future internet network, project, program or application must have as its primary objective of a zero carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Zero carbon condition applies to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>all optical, wireless and last mile networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>all routers, switches, and web servers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>all applications, computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and all customer devices such as PCs, mobile phones, PDAs etc </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Purchasing green power locally is expensive with significant transmission line losses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand for green power within cities expected to grow dramatically </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data centers DON’T NEED TO BE LOCATED IN CITIES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Cooling also a major problem in cities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most renewable energy sites are very remote and impractical to connect to electrical grid. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But can be easily reached by an optical network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May also meet some of government’s objectives of extending broadband to rural/remote areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many examples already </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green House Data, Cheyenne WO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AISO wind powered data farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iceland and Lithuania National strategies </li></ul></ul>Step 1: “Zero Carbon” Internet data centers
  12. 12. “ Zero Carbon” data centers connected by optical networks
  13. 13. “ The best place in North America for Data Center”- CIO Magazine <ul><li>Partnership between IBM and Rackforce </li></ul><ul><li>$100m investment – 85,000 sq ft </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap renewable power, well educated community, geological stability </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro electric power as low as 2 cents per kilowatt, versus 20 cents in other jurisdiction </li></ul>Kelowna BC
  14. 14. Grid in a Box at windmill Source:
  15. 15. Step 2: Virtualize Business Services and applications <ul><li>Government of British Columbia has mandated that all public sector institutions must be carbon neutral by 2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Zealand and other governments pursing similar strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soon governments will mandate business as well </li></ul><ul><li>Business 2.0 - Increasing trend with clouds, grids and virtual servers </li></ul><ul><li>Business and consumer applications will be delivered over the “net” </li></ul><ul><li>Already major industry growth sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Apps, SalesForce, Amazon EC2, CRM etc </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Step 3: Virtualization and De-materialization Source: European Commission Joint Research Centre, “The Future Impact of ICTs on Environmental Sustainability”, August 2004 Direct replacement of physical goods – 10% impact
  17. 17. Other sectors (40%) (e.g. manufacturing, coal mining, export transport) Emissions under direct consumer control (35%) Consumer influenced sectors (25%) (e.g. retail, food and drink, wholesale, agriculture, public sector) Heating Private cars Electricity Other transport Step 4: Consumers control or influence 60 per cent of emissions
  18. 18. Carbon Rewards rather carbon taxes <ul><li>Bits and optical bandwidth are virtually carbon free (especially if we use zero carbon data centers and optical networks) </li></ul><ul><li>Rather than penalize consumers and businesses for carbon emissions, can we reward them for reducing their carbon emissions? </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing free download music, video, electronic textbooks, and campus wide advanced tele-presence systems in exchange for carbon fees assessed on student parking, researcher’s travel, and inefficient high energy consuming computer systems, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide free eBooks and readers to those who use public transport </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Payment to copyright holders is made with carbon offset dollars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be redeemed for real dollars from carbon “off setters” or “double down” with copyright holders own CO2 reduction strategy </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Broadband open networks essential for zero carbon society <ul><li>Sweden leads the world in deploying open, competitive networks </li></ul><ul><li>Need high bandwidth and competitive broadband market to deliver virtual products and services </li></ul><ul><li>Networks are also important for a variety of other zero carbon activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tele-shopping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tele-work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power metering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Micro power generation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But how do you pay for next generation last mile networks to the home? </li></ul>
  20. 20. A Zero Carbon Business Strategy for last mile infrastructure <ul><li>Provide free high speed Internet and fiber to the home with resale of electrical and gas power </li></ul><ul><li>Customer pays a premium on their gas and electric bill </li></ul><ul><li>Customers encouraged to save money through reduced energy consumption and reduced carbon output </li></ul><ul><li>Customer NOT penalized if they reduce energy consumption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May end up paying substantially less then they do now for gas + electricity + broadband + telephone + cable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network operator gets guaranteed revenue </li></ul>
  21. 21. Thank you <ul><li>More information </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>