Governance
How Singaporean Chooses their Government? Election  Every 5 Years Candidates in each Constituencies with Largest votes  Be...
Structure of Singapore Government  Legislative  Executive  Judiciary  <ul><li>The main role is to make laws or debate and ...
Checking for understanding <ul><li>What roles do the following people play according to the Singapore Government Structure...
4 Guiding Principles of Governance <ul><li>orward looking  </li></ul><ul><li>eadership is Key </li></ul><ul><li>pportuniti...
Forward Looking -  “Anticipating Changes, Staying Ahead” <ul><li>Forward looking means planned ahead  to meet future needs...
Honest and Capable Leaders “Leadership is the Key” <ul><li>Leaders must have the moral courage to do what is right not wha...
“ A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities to All” <ul><li>Having a stake for people means give people a say in the decision-ma...
Meritocracy  “Rewards for Work, Work for Rewards”   <ul><li>Rewards hard work and talent  </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion in t...
Government Versus the Public
How Singapore Solve the Problem of Traffic Congestions?  <ul><li>Measures by the Government:  </li></ul><ul><li>Area Licen...
Area Licensing Scheme  <ul><li>1970s Singapore witnessed traffic congestion, especially at the  Central Business District ...
Electronic Road Pricing (ERP)  <ul><li>1990s, roads and expressway became more congested with increase number of cars.  </...
Park and Ride Scheme  <ul><li>Introduced together with ALS to support the scheme  </li></ul><ul><li>Under Park and Ride Sc...
Vehicle Quota System   <ul><li>1990s, increased in car ownership because more people can afford one </li></ul><ul><li>Land...
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Summarized Revision of Guiding Principles + Traffic Flow Management

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Summarized Revision of Guiding Principles + Traffic Flow Management

  1. 1. Governance
  2. 2. How Singaporean Chooses their Government? Election Every 5 Years Candidates in each Constituencies with Largest votes Become the MP The party with the Most MPs elected Formed the government and Appoint the Executive
  3. 3. Structure of Singapore Government Legislative Executive Judiciary <ul><li>The main role is to make laws or debate and decide on national policies </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of the Members of Parliaments elected by the people </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome: Maintain Peace & Order </li></ul><ul><li>The main role is to execute or carried out the laws or policies passed by the parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of the President, Prime Minister and Ministers of various ministries </li></ul><ul><li>The main role is to ensure that the laws of the country is being carried out fairly </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of the judges and various law courts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Checking for understanding <ul><li>What roles do the following people play according to the Singapore Government Structure? </li></ul><ul><li>Principle </li></ul><ul><li>HODs </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul>
  5. 5. 4 Guiding Principles of Governance <ul><li>orward looking </li></ul><ul><li>eadership is Key </li></ul><ul><li>pportunities to All </li></ul><ul><li>eritocracy </li></ul>
  6. 6. Forward Looking - “Anticipating Changes, Staying Ahead” <ul><li>Forward looking means planned ahead to meet future needs and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders need to be opened to new ideas and willing to take risks. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>A) Newater </li></ul><ul><li>Limited water resources and heavily dependent on water imports from Malaysia and Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sufficient achieved through Newater </li></ul><ul><li>B) Integrated Resorts (IR) </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism of Singapore facing challenges from other countries in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>The building of IRs help to improve our tourist industry by capturing the growing tourism market </li></ul>
  7. 7. Honest and Capable Leaders “Leadership is the Key” <ul><li>Leaders must have the moral courage to do what is right not what is popular. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders need to have talent, honesty, foresight and vision </li></ul><ul><li>They must have strong interpersonal skills and be willing to consult matters with the people </li></ul><ul><li>Identified talented people early in their career and groomed them for leadership roles </li></ul><ul><li>They are tested and trained through assuming different duties in different ministries. </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption Practices Investigating Bureau (CPIB) to ensure the honesty of the government. </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities to All” <ul><li>Having a stake for people means give people a say in the decision-making of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Government obtains feedback from the public through its feedback channels (e.g. meet the people sessions and surveys) </li></ul><ul><li>This helps the government understand the needs of the people and make better decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation also give people a sense of belonging and loyalty to the nation. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Meritocracy “Rewards for Work, Work for Rewards” <ul><li>Rewards hard work and talent </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion in the Education system is based on ability not race, religion or connections </li></ul><ul><li>Rewards such as scholarship and bursaries given to deserving students who performed well in studies Government recruits officer based on good academic qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>Promote officers based on potential and abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Does not tolerate poor performance </li></ul><ul><li>Surplus of the nation e.g. Progress Package shared with Singaporeans for their hard work. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Government Versus the Public
  11. 11. How Singapore Solve the Problem of Traffic Congestions? <ul><li>Measures by the Government: </li></ul><ul><li>Area Licensing Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Road Pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Park and Ride Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle Quota System </li></ul>
  12. 12. Area Licensing Scheme <ul><li>1970s Singapore witnessed traffic congestion, especially at the Central Business District (CBD) </li></ul><ul><li>introduced to solve the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted Zones were set up in the CBD and motorists need to pay if they enter the restricted zones </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in parking fees and improving bus services in the CBD supported ALS as it encouraged people to use more public transport </li></ul>Explanation: ALS was successful in solving the traffic congestion problem. People whom were initially unhappy with the scheme supported it after they witnessed the improvement made by ALS.
  13. 13. Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) <ul><li>1990s, roads and expressway became more congested with increase number of cars. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of technology help to monitor and control traffic flow </li></ul><ul><li>The scheme consists of ERP gantries located at all roads linking into Singapore's CBD </li></ul><ul><li>When a vehicle passes under an ERP gantry, a road usage charge is deducted from the Cashcard. </li></ul><ul><li>The deducted amount is dependent on the time and location (varying from S$0.25 to S$4.00 for passenger cars). </li></ul>Explanation The ERP serves the same purpose as the ALS, but it is more effective and efficient.
  14. 14. Park and Ride Scheme <ul><li>Introduced together with ALS to support the scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Under Park and Ride Scheme, motorists could park their vehicles at designated carparks outside the CBD </li></ul><ul><li>In total 7700 additional parking lots were created outside CBD Motorists preferred to take public transport into the CBD as they did not think it is worthwhile to park their vehicles outside CBD all day </li></ul>Explanation: The scheme is not successful because it did not take the thinking of motorists into consideration. As a result millions and valuable lands were wasted.
  15. 15. Vehicle Quota System <ul><li>1990s, increased in car ownership because more people can afford one </li></ul><ul><li>Land Transport Authority (LTA) introduced the vehicle quota system to control car population </li></ul><ul><li>The vehicle quota system was implemented through the Certificate of Entitlement (COE) System </li></ul><ul><li>Car buyers must purchase COE in order to own a new car and the COE is valid for 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>COE can be as high as 1/3 the value of the car. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>Explanation The COE is successful as a policy as it makes car ownership more of a financial liability or burden for the people. Thus effectively discouraging car ownership and limit the car population in Singapore

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