Sookman montreal bar_casl_talk


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Canada's anti-spam law an FAQ

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Sookman montreal bar_casl_talk

  1. 1. McCarthy Tétrault Advance™ Building Capabilities for Growth Montreal Bar (Committee of In-House Counsel of the Montreal Bar) Canada’s Anti-spam Law – An FAQ Barry B. Sookman Direct Line: (416) 601-7949 E-Mail: McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 November 7, 2013
  2. 2. PART 1: ANTI-SPAM McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 2
  3. 3. Question: Do businesses support CASL in its current form? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 3
  4. 4. What do businesses think about CASL? Coalition of Business and Technology Associations submission to Industry Canada: ¬“We have now been working with CASL for over two years and have a better appreciation of the compliance challenges and the potential for unintended consequences resulting from CASL‟s regulatory approach much more than we did when CASL was passed by Parliament. The inclusion in CASL of both open ended prohibitions and prescriptive requirements makes it very difficult to anticipate all of the impacts that CASL will have. We are now more concerned than ever that CASL will actually result in more harm than benefit to the Canadian economy and to digital commerce. We are also concerned that the harm will be exacerbated by the potential for litigation under the private rights of action.” McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12847414 4
  5. 5. What do businesses think about CASL? What does the Canadian Chamber of Commerce think about CASL: ¬ “Without significant modifications to the regulations, this legislation will impede commercial speech, an essential ingredient of market competitiveness. Canadian companies will be at a distinct disadvantage when communicating outside our borders in countries that do not have the same stringent requirements, since the legislation and compliance costs will apply to Canadian companies even when operating outside our borders but will not apply to companies operating in the country where the message is received.” McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 5
  6. 6. Question: Do charities support CASL in its current form? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 6
  7. 7. What do charities think about CASL? Imagine Canada submission to Industry Canada: “Legislation and regulations aimed at controlling spam in Canada should not be so overly broad in scope that they impede and make more costly the electronic communications of registered charities, including universities, for purposes such as fundraising.” McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 7
  8. 8. Question: Do not-for profits support CASL in its current form? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 8
  9. 9. What do not-for profits think about CASL? Ontario Nonprofit Network submission to Industry Canada: “Small and mid-size charitable and nonprofit organizations cannot comply with CASL and its regulations and undertake their day-to-day work. There is a fundamental conflict that will either impede their work in communities or, as noncompliant, leave them vulnerable to potentially prohibitive fines and private actions. The legislation and regulation will place undue financial and administrative burden on those nonprofit organizations which attempt to comply. The prohibitive costs and risks associated with requiring that charities and nonprofit organizations manage and maintain express and implied consent records across their complex databases and ever-changing community connections and relationships is not justified given their negligible participation in the generation of spam.” McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 9
  10. 10. Question: Are the anti-spam prohibitions based on international standards? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 10
  11. 11. CASL is unique and unprecedented Country Applies To Notes Canada “any electronic message that, having regard to the content of the message, … it would be reasonable to conclude has as its purpose, or one of its purposes, to encourage participation in a commercial activity” Consent to receive the message can generally only be implied where there is an existing relationship type (within the last 2 years) “any electronic message the primary purpose of which is the commercial advertisement or promotion of a commercial product or service” Prohibitions on unsolicited messages are limited to messages that are fraudulent or misleading (s.4), those that do not contain prescribed information (s.5) or those sent in violation of an opt out request. “a commercial electronic message is an electronic message, where … it would be concluded that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the message is [among an exclusive list of purposes related to advertising and offering goods and services]” Consent can be inferred from the conduct, business and relationships of the persons concerned. “commercial electronic message means an electronic message that markets or promotes [goods or services], or assists or enables a person to obtain dishonestly a financial advantage or gain from another person…” Consent can be inferred from the conduct, business and relationships of the persons concerned. “a commercial electronic message is an electronic message, where … it would be concluded that the primary purpose of the message is [among an exclusive list of purposes related to advertising and offering goods and services]” Prohibitions on unsolicited messages are limited to messages that are “sent in bulk” (s.6 & 11) “commercial electronic message means an electronic message the purpose, or one of the purposes, of which is [among an exclusive list of purposes related to advertising and offering goods and services]” Prohibitions on unsolicited messages are limited to those that are sent using “automated means” (s.18 & 19) or “with the intent to deceive or mislead” (s.20) (CASL) U.S. (CAN-SPAM Act of 2003) Australia (Spam Act 2003) New Zealand (Unsolicited Electronic Messages Act 2007) Singapore (Spam Control Act 2007) Hong Kong (Unsolicited Commercial Messages Ordinance) McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 11
  12. 12. Question: Is CASL’s enforcement regime like PIPEDA’s? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 12
  13. 13. Very High Liability ¬ Administrative monetary penalties (AMPS) with caps up $10 million for a corporation. (s.20(4)) ¬ Private rights of action by anyone affected by a prohibited act (s.47(1)) with liability that consists of: ¬ compensation for loss, damages and expenses; and ¬ extensive awards that are capped at: ¬ $1 million per day for breach of SPAM, malware, spyware, message routing, address and personal information harvesting, and Competition Act provisions; ¬ $1 million for each act of aiding, inducing, or procuring a breach of the SPAM, malware and spyware, and message routing provisions, plus liability up to $1 million per day for breach of SPAM, malware, spyware, and message routing provisions. ¬ Risk of class actions. McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 13
  14. 14. Extensive Accessorial and Vicarious Liability ¬ Liability extends to any person who aids, induces or procures a prohibited act. (s.9) ¬ Senders of CEMs are liable for acts of their employees within the scope of their authority. (s.32, s.53) ¬ Liability extends to officers, directors, and agents if they directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced, or participated in the prohibited act. (s.31, s.52) ¬ Does the risk make sense? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 14
  15. 15. Question: Will CASL impede Canada’s development of cloud computing, Canadian data centre operations and multinational outsourcing? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 15
  16. 16. Territorial reach ¬ The anti-spam provisions apply to any message where a computer system located “in Canada is used to send or access the electronic message”. (s.12(1)) ¬ ITAC: “CASL will impact a range of business decisions that could have unintended negative effects on the competitiveness of a wide range of Canadian technology companies... ¬ “First, Canadian multi-national companies sending messages to non-Canadian customers are incented to use vendors located outside Canada to send those messages.... ¬ Second, foreign companies deciding where to locate...facilities related to cloud computing... may choose against Canada because of the extra cost of complying with CASL... ¬ Third, Canadian providers of outsourced services to non-Canadian businesses will be at a major disadvantage compared to competitors in other countries.” McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 16
  17. 17. Question: Do the anti-spam prohibitions apply only to email, SMS, and IM accounts? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 17
  18. 18. What messaging systems are covered? ¬ “electronic address” means an address used in connection with the transmission of an electronic message to (a) an electronic mail account; (b) an instant messaging account; (c) a telephone account; or (d) any similar account. (s.1(1)) ¬ Which of these are included in whole or in part? ¬ Opt-in closed messaging systems ¬ Social networks ¬ Online portals ¬ Behavioral advertising messages that are triggered by the use of an account ¬ IP addresses McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 18
  19. 19. Question: Are the message content types limited to text or do they include books and video games? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 19
  20. 20. What messages are covered? ¬ “electronic message” means a message sent by any means of telecommunication, including a text, sound, voice or image message. (s1(1)) (But, excludes interactive two-way voice communication between individuals, fax messages to a telephone account, voice recordings to a telephone account. (s.6(8)) ¬ “Message: “a piece of information that is sent or given to someone: an important idea that someone is trying to express in a book, movie, speech, etc.” Webster Online Dictionary ¬ Anything sent to an electronic address that contains content such as text, sound, voice or image including in attachments or in a link from content? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 20
  21. 21. Question: Is the definition of CEM limited to a closed category of advertising or promotional messages? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 21
  22. 22. What is a CEM? ¬ A “commercial electronic message” is an electronic message that, having regard to the content of the message, the hyperlinks in the message to content on a website or other database, or the contact information contained in the message, it would be reasonable to conclude has as its purpose, or one of its purposes, to encourage participation in a commercial activity, including an electronic message that (a) offers to purchase, sell, barter or lease a product, goods, a service, land or an interest or right in land; (b) offers to provide a business, investment or gaming opportunity; (c) advertises or promotes anything referred to in paragraph (a) or (b); or (d) promotes a person, including the public image of a person, as being a person who does anything referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (c), or who intends to do so. (s.1(2)) ¬ How does one evaluate the effects of including hyperlinks, corporate logos, contact information? ¬ Does “one of its purposes” have to be a material purpose? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 22
  23. 23. What is a commercial activity? ¬ A “commercial activity” is any particular transaction, act or conduct or any regular course of conduct that is of a commercial character whether or not the person who carries it out does so in the expectation of profit, other than any transaction, act or conduct that is carried out for the purposes of law enforcement, public safety, the protection of Canada, the conduct of international affairs of the defence of Canada” (s.1(1)). ¬ How clear is the term? See, Decision P2013-d-01, 2013 CanLII 6291 (AB OIPC) ¬ “A commercial activity is any transaction, act, conduct, or regular course of conduct that is of a commercial character. While admittedly somewhat circular, the definition does not say that a commercial activity is an activity that is “commercial”. Rather, an activity must have a commercial “character”. To me, the definition is meant to capture activities that are more or less commercial, or appear to be commercial by most accounts. To adapt a colloquial phrase, if it looks like a commercial activity, and walks like a commercial activity, then it is a commercial activity.” McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 23
  24. 24. Question: Will it be illegal to send a person a message asking for consent to send a CEM? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 24
  25. 25. What is a CEM? ¬ An electronic message that contains a request for consent to send a CEM is also considered to be a commercial electronic message. s1(3). McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 25
  26. 26. Question: Will CASL make it illegal to send safety, security, or product recall information to a consumer that had unsubscribed from receiving advertising or promotional messages? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 26
  27. 27. Are transactional/information messages CEMs? The consent requirement does not apply to a CEM that solely (s.6(6)): ¬provides a quote or estimate... if the quote or estimate was requested; ¬facilitates, completes or confirms a commercial transaction; ¬provides warranty information, product recall information or safety or security information about a product, goods or a service; ¬provides notification of factual information about (i) the ongoing subscription or use or ongoing purchase by the person to whom the message is sent of a product, goods or a service offered under a subscription, membership, account, loan or similar relationship; ¬provides information directly related to an employment relationship or related benefit plan; ¬delivers a product, goods or a service, including product updates or upgrades, that the recipient is entitled to receive under the terms of a transaction... McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 27
  28. 28. Question: Will CASL make it illegal •for a child to send out emails to invite neighbors to buy a glass of lemonade at his/her lemonade stand? •for a child to email the parent of a friend asking to baby sit, or to shovel snow, or mow a lawn for some extra school money or to buy Girl Guide cookies or to sponsor her in a school event? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 28
  29. 29. Personal relationships (draft regulation) ¬ “personal relationship” means the relationship between an individual who sends the message and the individual to whom the message is sent, if ¬ (i) those individuals have had direct, voluntary, two-way communications and it would be reasonable to conclude that the relationship is personal taking into consideration all relevant factors such as the sharing of interests, experiences, opinions and information evidenced in the communications, the frequency of communication, the length of time since the parties communicated and if the parties have met in person, and ¬ (ii) the person to whom the message is sent has not indicated that they no longer wish to receive any commercial electronic messages, or any specified class of such messages, from the person who sent the message. McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 29
  30. 30. Question: Will CASL make it illegal for an ex-wife to ask her ex-husband for a loan to pay medical bills or to send children to university? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 30
  31. 31. Family relationships (draft regulation) ¬ “family relationship” means the relationship between individuals who are connected by ¬ (i) a blood relationship, if one individual is the child or other descendant of the other individual, the parent or grandparent of the other individual, the brother or sister of the other individual or is of collateral descent from the other individual’s grandparent, ¬ (ii) marriage, if one individual is married to the other individual or to an individual connected by a blood relationship to that other individual, ¬ (iii) a common-law partnership, if one individual is in a common-law partnership with the other individual or with an individual who is connected by a blood relationship to that other individual, or ¬ (iv) adoption, if one individual has been adopted, either legally or in fact, as the child of the other individual or as the child of an individual who is connected by a blood relationship to that other individual; McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 31
  32. 32. Question: Will CASL make it illegal to send messages within a business without complying with the CASL consent, message content, and unsubscribe requirements? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 32
  33. 33. B2B (draft regulation) (a) that is sent by an employee, representative, contractor or franchisee of an organization (i) to another employee, representative, contractor or franchisee of the organization and that concerns the affairs of the organisation, or (ii) to an employee, representative, contractor or franchisee of another organization if the organizations have a business relationship at the time the message was sent and the message concerns the affairs of the organization or that person’s role, functions or duties within or on behalf of the organization; McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 33
  34. 34. Question: Will CASL make it illegal to send messages based on a referral? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 34
  35. 35. Referrals (draft regulation) 4. (1) Paragraph 6(1)(a) of the Act does not apply to the first commercial electronic message that is sent by an individual for the purpose of contacting the individual to whom the message is sent following any referral by one or more individuals who have an existing business relationship, an existing non-business relationship, a personal relationship or a family relationship with the individual who sends the message as well as any of those relationships with the individual to whom the message is sent and that discloses the full name of the individual or individuals who made the referral and states that the message is sent as a result of the referral. referrer McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 message sender recipient 35
  36. 36. Question: Can organizations rely on implied PIPEDA consents (existing or in the future)? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 36
  37. 37. Implied consents to send CEMs Implied Consents ¬ Consents to collect, use or disclose information under PIPEDA or provincial privacy laws are not necessarily valid for the purposes of CASL. ¬ CASL will create a conflicting consent regime with the consent regime in PIPEDA and provincial privacy laws since “implied consents” are a list of closed categories. ¬ Consents cannot be inferred by conduct as in Australia or New Zealand. ¬ PIPEDA consents are not “grandfathered”. McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 37
  38. 38. Question: Will organizations be able to rely on the “existing business relationship” implied consent exception? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 38
  39. 39. Implied consents to send CEMs s10(10)(a) the purchase or lease of a product, goods, a service, land or an interest or right in land, within the 2-year period immediately before the day on which the message was sent; ¬ Businesses may not have existing databases which can be immediately used to determine whether there has been a purchase within the two year period. ¬ A significant effort would be entailed to determine whether any given customer falls within the two year window. ¬ The existing business relationship is entity specific – the relationship must be between the entity sending the CEM and the recipient e.g., a person with an account with one company has an EBR with that entity, but an affiliate cannot rely upon that consent. McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 39
  40. 40. Question: Will organizations be able to obtain express consents to send CEMs in Terms of Use or EULAs? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 40
  41. 41. Requests for consent CRTC Guidelines 6. The Commission considers that requests for consent contemplated above must not be subsumed in, or bundled with, requests for consent to the general terms and conditions of use or sale. The underlying objective is that the specific requests for consent in question must be clearly identified to the persons from whom the consent is being sought. For example, persons must be able to grant their consent to the terms and conditions of use or sale while, for instance, refusing to grant their consent for receiving CEMs. McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 41
  42. 42. Question: Will organizations be able to obtain express consents by using pre-checked boxes in click-wrap agreements? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 42
  43. 43. McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 43
  44. 44. Question: Will organizations be able to rely on the transitional provisions? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 44
  45. 45. Transitional provisions Commercial electronic messages: ¬ A person’s consent to receiving commercial electronic messages from another person is implied until the person gives notification that they no longer consent to receiving such messages from that other person or until 3 years after the day on which section 6 comes into force, whichever is earlier, if, when that section comes into force, ¬ (a) those persons have an existing business relationship or an existing non-business relationship, as defined in subsection 10(10) or (13), respectively, without regard to the period mentioned in that subsection; and ¬ (b) the relationship includes the communication between them of commercial electronic messages. (s. 66) ¬ Problems: ¬ PIPEDA consents are not necessarily grandfathered. ¬ How can an entity know if the EBR or Non-EBR exceptions apply? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 45
  46. 46. PART 2 : COMPUTER PROGRAMS McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 46
  47. 47. Question: What countries have antimalware/spyware laws that are similar to those in CASL? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 47
  48. 48. McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 48
  49. 49. The prohibition 8. (1) A person must not, in the course of a commercial activity, install or cause to be installed a computer program on any other person’s computer system or, having so installed or caused to be installed a computer program, cause an electronic message to be sent from that computer system, unless: (a) the person has obtained the express consent of the owner or an authorized user of the computer system and complies with [the disclosure requirements of] subsection 11(5); or (b) the person is acting in accordance with a court order. McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 49
  50. 50. Question: Must organizations disclose the functions and features of computer programs when getting consent to install them? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 50
  51. 51. Disclosure requirements to comply with “malware” and “spyware” provisions Two levels of disclosure required when obtaining consent. 1. Minimum Disclosure: A person who seeks express consent, must when requesting consent, also, in addition to setting out any other prescribed information, must clearly and simply describe, in general terms the function and purpose of the computer program that is to be installed if the consent is given. (s.10(3)) McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 51
  52. 52. Disclosure requirements to comply with “malware” and “spyware” provisions 2. Enhanced Disclosure: If the computer program meets one of the specified “malware” or “spyware” criteria in s.10(5), “the person who seeks express consent must, when requesting consent, clearly and prominently, and separately and apart from the licence agreement, (a) describe the program’s material elements that perform the function or functions, including the nature and purpose of those elements and their reasonably foreseeable impact on the operation of the computer system; and (b) bring those elements to the attention of the person from whom consent is being sought in the prescribed manner”. McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 52
  53. 53. Disclosure requirements to comply with “malware” and “spyware” provisions ¬ Enhanced Disclosure: The enhanced disclosure standard applies where ¬ the program performs functions that the person knows and intends will cause the computer system to operate in a manner that is contrary to the reasonable expectations of the owner or authorized user of the computer ¬ collects personal information; ¬ interferes with control of the computer; ¬ changes or interferes with settings preferences or commands; ¬ obstructs, interrupts, or interferes with access to data; ¬ causes the computer to communicate with another computer without authorization,: ¬ installing a computer program that can be activated by a third party: ¬ installing a bot, or something set out in the regulations; ¬ but not merely transmission data. (s.10(5) &(6)). McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 53
  54. 54. Question: Will organizations be able to make the required disclosures in their EULAs? McCarthy Tétrault LLP / 12921930 54
  55. 55. Enhanced disclosure in regulations CRTC Regulations, s.5 5.  A computer program’s material elements that perform  one or more of the functions listed in subsection 10(5) of  the Act must be brought to the attention of the person from  whom consent is being sought separately from any other  information provided in a request for consent and the  person seeking consent must obtain an acknowledgement  in writing from the person from whom consent is being  sought that they understand and agree that the program  performs the specified functions.  McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 55
  56. 56. Question: Will every organization that makes computer programs available (whether on a standalone basis or embedded in a product or device) have to develop functionality or processes to uninstall or disable a program in the field? McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 56
  57. 57. Withdrawal of consent for “spyware” functionality Withdrawal of consent: If the computer program installed meets  one of the specified “malware” or “spyware” criteria in s.10(5), the  person who installs the program with consent must for 1 year  provide an electronic address to which a request can be sent to  remove or disable the computer program if the requestor believes  that the function, purpose or impact of the computer program  installed under the consent was not accurately described when  consent was requested; and if the consent was based on an  inaccurate description of the material elements of the enumerated  function or functions, must, without cost to the person who gave  consent, assist that person in removing or disabling the computer  program as soon as feasible. (s.11(5)) McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 57
  58. 58. Getting express consents to send CEMS CRTC reg s.4. For the purposes of subsections 10(1) and (3) of the Act, a request for  consent may be obtained orally or in writing and must be sought separately for each act  described in sections 6 to 8 of the Act and must include (a)  the name by which the person seeking consent carries on business, if different  from their name, if not, the name of the person seeking consent; (b)  if the consent is sought on behalf of another person, the name by which the  person on whose behalf consent is sought carries on business, if different from  their name, if not, the name of the person on whose behalf consent is sought; (c)  if consent is sought on behalf of another person, a statement indicating which  person is seeking consent and which person on whose behalf consent is sought;  and (d)  the mailing address, and either a telephone number providing access to an  agent or a voice messaging system, an email address or a web address of the  person seeking consent or, if different, the person on whose behalf consent is  sought; and (e) a statement indicating that the person whose consent is sought can withdraw their consent. McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 58
  59. 59. Question: Do the requirements to make disclosures and to obtain express consents apply only where the device has a UI and interactive capabilities that will support these processes? McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 59
  60. 60. What systems does CASL apply to? ¬ “computer system” (defined in subsection 342.1(2) of  the Criminal Code) means  “a device that, or a group  of interconnected or related devices one or more of  which, (a) contains computer programs or other data,  and (b) pursuant to computer programs, (i) performs  logic and control, and (ii) may perform any other  function”. McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 60
  61. 61. Question: Does the consent to install a program permit the installation of updates or upgrades? McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 61
  62. 62. Exceptions for Software Updates, Upgrades and Patches The formalities for obtaining express consent (ss10(1) and (3)) are  not required for the installation of an update or upgrade so long as  the installation or use of the computer program being updated was  expressly consented to and the person who gave the consent is  entitled to, and does receive the update under the terms of the  express consent. (s.10(7))  Problem: ¬ There is no express exception that permits installation of an  update or upgrade without consent. ¬ Must the original consent to install a program include a  consent to install updates or upgrades? McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 62
  63. 63. Question: Will CASL’s computer program provisions impede the development of computer and telecom support from Canada to other countries? McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 63
  64. 64. Territorial application of the program provisions The provisions apply “if the computer  system is located in Canada at the relevant  time or if the person either is in Canada at  the relevant time or is acting under the  direction of a person who is in Canada at  the time when they give the directions.”  s8(2). McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 64
  65. 65. Question: Will CASL impede network management and the security of networks? McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 65
  66. 66. New exceptions (draft regulation) ¬ 6. The following computer programs are specified for the purposes of  subparagraph 10(8)(a)(vi) of the Act: ¬ (a) a program that is installed by or on behalf of a  telecommunications service provider solely to prevent activities that  the telecommunications service provider reasonably believes are in  contravention of an Act of Parliament and which present an imminent  risk to the security of its network; or (b) a program that is installed, for the purpose of updating or  upgrading the network, by or on behalf of the telecommunications  service provider who owns or operates the network on the computer  systems that constitute all or part of the network. ¬ Note: exemptions are subject to condition that “the person’s conduct  is such that it is reasonable to believe that they consent to the  program’s installation”. (s.10(8)) McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 66
  67. 67. Question: Is CASL constitutional? McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 67
  68. 68. Is CASL constitutional? ¬ Do the restrictions on speech associated with the anti-spam and  computer program provisions minimally impair freedom of expression? ¬ Is the definition of CEM “vague”? ¬ Is the enforcement regime and especially AMPs really a criminal law? ¬ Does CASL impinge on Provincial powers respecting property and civil  rights? McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 68
  69. 69. Some readings ¬ Canada’s anti-spam law, too much of a good thing  ¬ Evaluating the Industry Canada CASL regulations: my  submission to the consultation  ¬ CASL flaws not Festivus grievances ¬ CRTC Issues CASL (Canada’s Anti-Spam Law) ¬ Reflections on the new CRTC CASL regulations ¬ McCarthy Tetrault CASL Toolkit McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 69
  70. 70. Want the slides? ¬ Available @  and  McCarthy Tétrault LLP /   12921930 70
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