THE WELLBEING OF AMERICAN CAREGIVERS
Dan Witters
Research Director, Gallup Healthways Well-Being Index
The Wellbeing of The Working Caregiver Survey
• Pfizer/REACT http://reactconnection.com/
• Gallup interviewed 3,409 previo...
Gender of Caregiver (Working Respondents)
0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0%
Female
Male
57.7%
42.3%
3
n = 2,805
Age of Caregiver
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0%
65+
55 - 64
45 - 54
35 - 44
18 - 34
3.6%
31.1%
38.2%
17.7%
9.6%
“What is you...
Cohabitation with Caregiver
0.0% 25.0% 50.0% 75.0%
No
Yes
64.3%
35.7%
“Does your ______ live with you?”
5
(n = 2,805)
Commute Distance From Caregiver
0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0%
26 miles+
11 - 25 miles
10 miles or less
21.0%
12.8%
65.9%
“H...
Relationship of Person Receiving Care to Caregiver
0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0%
Friend
Other Family Member
Sibling
Aunt/Un...
Age of Person Receiving Care
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0%
85+
75 - 84
65 - 74
<65
34.5%
32.2%
17.2%
16.0%
“What is the age...
Common Conditions of Those Receiving Care
0.0% 10.0% 20.0%
All Other
COPD
Memory Decline
Eye Diseases
Type II Diabetes
Par...
The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index:
1. Nightly poll of American opinion regarding wellbeing since
2008.
2. The survey ...
Recent Caregiver Research Using Well-Being Index:
Our Caregiver Question:
“Do you currently help care for an elderly or di...
Caregivers Suffer Worse Emotional Health Than Non-Caregivers
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0%
Unemployed Non-Caregivers
...
Caregivers Are More Likely to be Depressed Than Non-Caregivers
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0%
Unemployed Non-
Caregive...
Five Other Caregiver-Related Hypotheses…
1. Employed caregivers are less well rested than employed non-
caregivers, and ha...
Employed Caregivers Are Less Well-Rested Than Employed
Non-Caregivers Across All Age Groups
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 5...
Employed Caregivers Are Less Productive Than Employed Non-
Caregivers Across All Age Groups
0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00
65+
4...
Employed Caregivers Have Slightly Lower Job Satisfaction Than
Employed Non-Caregivers
40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 100.0%
65+
45-64
3...
Lifetime High Blood Pressure More Common Among Caregivers
Than Non-Caregivers Across All Age Groups
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0%...
Daily Physical Pain Higher Among Employed Caregivers Than
Non-Caregivers Across All Age Groups
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0...
Recurring Physical Pain Higher Among Employed Caregivers
Than Employed Non-Caregivers
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0%
Other P...
Summary of Hypothesis-Related Discoveries
1. Employed caregivers are less well rested than employed non-caregivers, and ha...
Caregiving Costs U.S. Economy $25.2 Billion in Lost Productivity
22
0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0%
6+ days
1 - 5 days
0 days...
23
Dan Witters, M.S.
Principal
Gallup
Omaha, NE
(402) 938-6457
dan_witters@gallup.com
To stay up to date on our
wellbeing ...
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Dan witters wellbeing of american caregivers (6 24-13)

  1. 1. THE WELLBEING OF AMERICAN CAREGIVERS Dan Witters Research Director, Gallup Healthways Well-Being Index
  2. 2. The Wellbeing of The Working Caregiver Survey • Pfizer/REACT http://reactconnection.com/ • Gallup interviewed 3,409 previously surveyed caregivers between Dec. 28, 2010 and Jan 9, 2011. • There were 2,805 that were still working 15 hours or more. • Caregivers had to answer affirmatively when asked: “Do you currently help care for an aging family member, relative, or friend, or not?” 2
  3. 3. Gender of Caregiver (Working Respondents) 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% Female Male 57.7% 42.3% 3 n = 2,805
  4. 4. Age of Caregiver 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 65+ 55 - 64 45 - 54 35 - 44 18 - 34 3.6% 31.1% 38.2% 17.7% 9.6% “What is your age?” 4 n = 2,788
  5. 5. Cohabitation with Caregiver 0.0% 25.0% 50.0% 75.0% No Yes 64.3% 35.7% “Does your ______ live with you?” 5 (n = 2,805)
  6. 6. Commute Distance From Caregiver 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 26 miles+ 11 - 25 miles 10 miles or less 21.0% 12.8% 65.9% “How far away does your __________ live from you?” 6 n = 1,920 (Living Apart from Caregiver)
  7. 7. Relationship of Person Receiving Care to Caregiver 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% Friend Other Family Member Sibling Aunt/Uncle Spouse Grandparent Parent/Step-Parent 5.4% 5.0% 2.9% 2.4% 5.1% 7.1% 71.9% “Thinking about the care you provide to an aging family member, relative, or friend, what is your relationship to that person. Are they…?” 7 (n = 2,805)
  8. 8. Age of Person Receiving Care 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 85+ 75 - 84 65 - 74 <65 34.5% 32.2% 17.2% 16.0% “What is the age of the ________ you provide care for ? Are they …” 8 (n = 2,805)
  9. 9. Common Conditions of Those Receiving Care 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% All Other COPD Memory Decline Eye Diseases Type II Diabetes Parkinson's Stroke/Aneurysm Heart Disease Cancer Arthritis Alzheimer's/Dementia Non-Specific Age-Related 16.9% 2.1% 2.9% 1.9% 7.2% 1.9% 5.4% 9.2% 6.9% 4.3% 15.0% 19.2% “What has your _________ been diagnosed with?” 9 (n = 2,805)
  10. 10. The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index: 1. Nightly poll of American opinion regarding wellbeing since 2008. 2. The survey is administered in English and Spanish and by landline and cell. 3. The survey contains 55 questions that gauge Americans’ physical, emotional, financial, and workplace wellbeing. 4. The results are analyzed and used to compute scores for how Americans are doing in the six key areas of wellbeing. 5. Gallup and Healthways launched the index in 2008 and have, to date, surveyed over 1.8 million Americans. 10
  11. 11. Recent Caregiver Research Using Well-Being Index: Our Caregiver Question: “Do you currently help care for an elderly or disabled family member, relative, or friend, or not?” Joe Coughlin (Director of AgeLab, MIT): Estimating the Impact of Caregiving and Employment on Well-Being. Outcomes & Insights in Health Management (May, 2010) 11
  12. 12. Caregivers Suffer Worse Emotional Health Than Non-Caregivers 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% Unemployed Non-Caregivers Employed Non-Caregivers Unemployed Caregivers Employed Caregivers 18.9% 9.2% 25.1% 12.9% 38.8% 47.1% 30.3% 39.9% Happiness/Enjoyment without Stress/Worry Stress/Worry without Happiness/Enjoyment Joe Coughlin: “Estimating the Impact of Caregivers and Employment on Wellbeing” Outcomes and Insights in Health Management, May 2010 “Did you have [happiness-enjoyment (or) stress-worry] a lot of the day yesterday?” 12
  13. 13. Caregivers Are More Likely to be Depressed Than Non-Caregivers 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% Unemployed Non- Caregivers Employed Non-Caregivers Unemployed Caregivers Employed Caregivers 30.0% 11.5% 37.2% 16.6% Joe Coughlin: “Estimating the Impact of Caregivers and Employment on Wellbeing” Outcomes and Insights in Health Management, May 2010 “Have you ever been told by a physician or nurse that you have depression?” (% Yes) 13
  14. 14. Five Other Caregiver-Related Hypotheses… 1. Employed caregivers are less well rested than employed non- caregivers, and have fewer productive days. 2. Employed caregivers have lower job satisfaction than employed non-caregivers. 3. Employed caregivers are more likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure than employed non-caregivers. 4. Employed caregivers experience elevated daily and chronic physical pain than employed non-caregivers. 5. Caregiving disproportionately negatively impacts the wellbeing of workers who are middle-aged and seniors. 14
  15. 15. Employed Caregivers Are Less Well-Rested Than Employed Non-Caregivers Across All Age Groups 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 65+ 45-64 30-44 18-29 24.8% 35.5% 38.4% 35.7% 19.7% 28.3% 33.3% 30.1% Fully Employed Non-Caregivers Fully Employed Caregivers Sample Sizes: 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ Fully Employed Caregivers n=1,678 n=5,077 n=14,990 n=1,355 Fully Employed Non-Caregivers n=12,535 n=34,002 n=60,210 n=8,602 “Did you fell well-rested yesterday?” (% No) 15
  16. 16. Employed Caregivers Are Less Productive Than Employed Non- Caregivers Across All Age Groups 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 65+ 45-64 30-44 18-29 1.73 1.82 1.68 1.83 1.47 1.34 1.05 1.01 Fully Employed Non-Caregivers Fully Employed Caregivers Sample Sizes: 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ Fully Employed Caregivers n=1,678 n=5,077 n=14,990 n=1,355 Fully Employed Non-Caregivers n=12,535 n=34,002 n=60,210 n=8,602 “During the past 30 days, for about how many days did poor health keep you from doing your usual activities?” 16 Employed caregivers have seven fewer fully productive days each year than employed non- caregivers.
  17. 17. Employed Caregivers Have Slightly Lower Job Satisfaction Than Employed Non-Caregivers 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 100.0% 65+ 45-64 30-44 18-29 94.8% 88.1% 84.5% 80.8% 95.0% 89.2% 88.2% 85.4% Fully Employed Non-Caregivers Fully Employed Caregivers Sample Sizes: 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ Fully Employed Caregivers n=1,678 n=5,077 n=14,990 n=1,355 Fully Employed Non-Caregivers n=12,535 n=34,002 n=60,210 n=8,602 “Are you satisfied or dissatisfied with your job or the work you do?” (% Satisfied) 17
  18. 18. Lifetime High Blood Pressure More Common Among Caregivers Than Non-Caregivers Across All Age Groups 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 65+ 45-64 30-44 18-29 50.6% 32.5% 18.2% 11.0% 49.7% 30.3% 13.9% 6.8% Fully Employed Non-Caregivers Fully Employed Caregivers Sample Sizes: 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ Fully Employed Caregivers n=1,678 n=5,077 n=14,990 n=1,355 Fully Employed Non-Caregivers n=12,535 n=34,002 n=60,210 n=8,602 “Have you ever been told by a physician or nurse that you have high blood pressure?” (% Yes) 18
  19. 19. Daily Physical Pain Higher Among Employed Caregivers Than Non-Caregivers Across All Age Groups 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 65+ 45-64 30-44 18-29 20.4% 23.6% 22.8% 21.3% 16.2% 17.4% 13.9% 13.3% Fully Employed Non-Caregivers Fully Employed Caregivers Sample Sizes: 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ Fully Employed Caregivers n=1,678 n=5,077 n=14,990 n=1,355 Fully Employed Non-Caregivers n=12,535 n=34,002 n=60,210 n=8,602 “Did you experience physical pain a lot of the day yesterday?” (%Yes) 19
  20. 20. Recurring Physical Pain Higher Among Employed Caregivers Than Employed Non-Caregivers 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% Other Physical Pain Knee/Leg Pain Neck/Back Pain 18.0% 25.8% 33.0% 11.9% 17.9% 24.4% Fully Employed Non-Caregivers Fully Employed Caregivers Sample Sizes: 2010 YTD Fully Employed Caregivers n=23,520 Fully Employed Non-Caregivers n=117,333 “In the last 12 months, have you had recurring pain?” (% Yes) 20
  21. 21. Summary of Hypothesis-Related Discoveries 1. Employed caregivers are less well rested than employed non-caregivers, and have fewer productive days.  Conclusion: Supported, particularly regarding fewer productive days each year. 2. Employed caregivers have lower job satisfaction than employed non-caregivers.  Conclusion: Modestly supported, but only for those under 45 3. Employed caregivers are more likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure than employed non-caregivers.  Conclusion: Supported. About 25% higher incidence of high blood pressure among caregivers. 4. Employed caregivers experience elevated daily and chronic physical pain relative to employed non-caregivers.  Conclusion: Supported. Caregivers are 50% more likely to experience daily physical pain than non-caregivers, and are 35-50% more likely to experience chronic recurring pain. 5. Caregiving disproportionately negatively impacts the wellbeing of workers who are middle-aged and seniors.  Conclusion: Not supported. The wellbeing of caregivers under 45 is much more negatively impacted than for those over the age of 45, most notably for life evaluation. 21
  22. 22. Caregiving Costs U.S. Economy $25.2 Billion in Lost Productivity 22 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 6+ days 1 - 5 days 0 days 30.1% 35.9% 34.1% “How many days of work have you had to take off or miss in the past year in order to provide care of any kind to your __________?” http://www.gallup.com/poll/148670/Caregiving-Costs-Economy-Billion-Lost- Productivity.aspx
  23. 23. 23 Dan Witters, M.S. Principal Gallup Omaha, NE (402) 938-6457 dan_witters@gallup.com To stay up to date on our wellbeing discoveries, visit: http://www.gallup.com/poll/wellbeing.aspx
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