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Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
Lesson 7: Informal Logic II
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Lesson 7: Informal Logic II

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  • 1. Lesson Seven Informal Logic II
  • 2. By the end of this lesson, you should be able to: Write an effective and logical outline for your argumentative paper. Today’s O bjective
  • 3. “ The aim or purpose of argument is to use logic (both inductive and deductive) to create reasoned communication of ideas, insights, and experiences to some audience so as to produce a new understanding of some issue for that audience.” argument
  • 4. Analytical Thesis Statement A thesis statement that analyzes the relationship among various significant ideas contained in the thesis sentence(s) Thesis Stat e ments
  • 5. Structure of Analytical Thesis Statements This pattern can serve as an aid: Independent clause(s) + restricting clause(s) [general ideas are stated] [qualifying idea(s) defined] Thesis Stat e ments
  • 6. If you have a good analytical thesis statement, creating an outline is relatively easy. O utlining
  • 7. <ul><li>There are essentially two major ways to draft an outline from a thesis statement: </li></ul><ul><li>Isolating key ideas to be developed </li></ul><ul><li>Using informal logic </li></ul>O utlining
  • 8. O utlining From Thesis Statement to Outline Example: “ Love is disappearing because individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . ”
  • 9. From Thesis Statement to Outline Example: We immediately recognize that the driving organizational force behind the thesis statement is cause & effect . At the most general level, we are asserting that love is disappearing because individualism is becoming more prevalent. O utlining
  • 10. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : ? Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. O utlining
  • 11. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. O utlining
  • 12. Any questions and/or comments about your homework?
  • 13. Models Let’s look some examples together. O utlining
  • 14. Pg. 127 – 129 Two types of outlines / Rules / Examples Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  • 15. <ul><li>Parallelism </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Subordination </li></ul><ul><li>Division </li></ul>Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  • 16. Parallelism Each heading and subheading should preserve parallel structure. If the first heading is a noun, the second heading should be a noun. Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  • 17. Coordination All the information contained in Heading 1 should have the same significance as the information contained in Heading 2. The same goes for the subheadings (which should be less significant than the headings). Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  • 18. Subordination The information in the headings should be more general, while the information in the subheadings should be more specific. Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  • 19. Division Each heading should be divided into 2 or more parts. Formal Conv e ntions of Outlines
  • 20. From Thesis Statement to Outline We must ask ourselves the following question: “ How do I prove each premise?” Use your invention notes. Exp a nding Outlines
  • 21. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. Exp a nding Outlines
  • 22. Exp a nding Outlines I. Introduction II. Individualism and love: mutually exclusive III. Individualism: main survival technique IV. Conclusion
  • 23. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. How do we prove this premise? Definition / Compare and Contrast Exp a nding Outlines
  • 24. II. Individualism and love: mutually exclusive A. Individualism 1. Definition 2. Characteristics a. Selfish b. B. Love 1. Definition 2. Characteristics a. Selfless b. C. Individualism & Love
  • 25. From Thesis Statement to Outline Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . How do we prove this premise? Cause and Effect Exp a nding Outlines
  • 26. III. Individualism: main survival technique A. Causes 1. Overpopulation a. Competition b. 2. Consumerism 3. Economy B. Effects 1. 2. (Effects should be directly related to II.A)
  • 27. You will turn in your th e sis statement and syllogism next week.
  • 28. F i rst Draft & Outline: Due Week 10
  • 29. F i rst Draft: Just get your ideas down on paper. Don’t worry about making it perfect or beautiful. About 1,000 words.
  • 30. Homew o rk Use your invention notes to expand your outline. Begin writing your first draft.
  • 31. Read i ng Review Informal Logic Handouts Pg. 127 - 129

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