Lesson 4: Researching & The Internet
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Lesson 4: Researching & The Internet

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Lesson 4: Researching & The Internet Lesson 4: Researching & The Internet Presentation Transcript

  • Lesson Three Research Neijiang Normal University - Brent A. Simoneaux
  • Web site http://www.slideshare.net/bsimoneaux
  • Lect u re “ Transcendentalist Education” Thursday: 7:00 Lecture Hall
    • By the end of this lesson, you should know:
    • How to take effective notes while reading
    • The advantages and disadvantages of printed material and internet sources
    • How search engines operate in order to make researching more effective
    • Practical resources for researching on the internet
    Today’s O bjectives
  • Argumentative T o pics
    • We need to know two basic things about research:
    • How to find useful information
    • How to remember the information
  • Argumentative T o pics How to find useful information Discuss pg 250 – 252
  • Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources
    • Publication Process
    • Print Sources: Traditional print sources go through an extensive publication process that includes editing and article review. The process has fact-checkers, multiple reviewers, and editors to ensure quality of publication.
    • Internet Sources: Anyone with a computer and access to the Internet can publish a website or electronic document. Most web documents do not have editors, fact-checkers, or other types of reviewers.
  • Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources
    • Authorship and Affiliations
    • Print Sources: Print sources clearly indicate who the author is, what organization(s) he or she is affiliated with, and when his or her work was published.
    • Internet Sources: Authorship and affiliations are difficult to determine on the Internet. Some sites my have author and sponsorship listed, but many do not.
  • Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources
    • Sources and Quotations
    • Print Sources: In most traditional publications, external sources of information and direct quotations are clearly marked and identified.
    • Internet Sources: Sources the author used or referred to in the text may not be clearly indicated in an Internet source.
  • Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources
    • Bias and Special Interest
    • Print Sources: While bias certainly exists in traditional publications, printing is more expensive and difficult to accomplish. Most major publishers are out to make a profit and will either not cater to special interest groups or will clearly indicate when they are when they are catering to special interest groups.
    • Internet Sources: The purpose of the online text may be misleading. A website that appears to be factual may actually be persuasive and/or deceptive.
  • Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources
    • Author Qualifications
    • Print Sources: Qualifications of an author are almost always necessary for print sources. Only qualified authors are likely to have their manuscripts accepted for publication.
    • Internet Sources: Even if the author and purpose of a website can be determined, the qualifications of the author are not always given.
  • Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources
    • Publication Information
    • Print Sources: Publication information such as date of publication, publisher, author, and editor are always clearly listed in print publications.
    • Internet Sources: Dates of publication and timeliness of information are questionable on the internet. Dates listed on websites could be the date posted, date updated, or a date may not be listed at all.
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  • Argumentative T o pics How to remember the information Discuss pg 252 – 255 in text Of course, there are many different ways to take notes. Do whatever works best for you. Look at examples.
    • Understanding the nature of the Internet, how to navigate it, and how it is organized can help you filter out the quality information and websites from that which does not relate or is of questionable quality.
    Research & The Internet
    • In 1994, how many web pages did Google have in its index?
    • 1 million
    • 10 million
    • 20 million
    • 200 million
    Research & The Internet
    • In 2004, how many web pages did Google have in its index?
    • 200 million
    • 1 billion
    • 8 billion
    • 13 billion
    Research & The Internet
    • L i nk
    • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/558/06/
    • Kinds o f Search Engines and Directories
    • Search Engines
    • Meta-search Engines
    • Web Directories
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Search Engines
    • Search engines ask for keywords or phrases and then search the Web for results.
    • www.google.com
    • www.yahoo.com
    • www.msn.com
    • www.lycos.com
    • www.altavista.com
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    • Kinds of S e arch Engines and Directories
    • Visible Web / Invisible Web
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Learn how the search engine works
    • Each search engine has its advantages:
    • Google / MSN / Yahoo
    • Lycos
    • AltaVista
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Select your terms carefully
    • Using inexact terms or terms that are too general will cause you problems. If your early searches turn up too many references, try to find more specific terms, use boolean operators, or do an advanced search.
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Boolean Operators
    • Most search engines allow you to combine terms with words (referred to as Boolean operators) such as "and," "or," or "not."
    • Knowing how to use these terms is very important for a successful search. Most search engines will allow you to apply the Boolean operators in an "advanced search" option.
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Boolean Operators
    • AND
    • AND is the most useful and most important term. It tells the search engine to find your first word AND your second word or term. AND can, however, cause problems, especially when you use it with phrases or two terms that are each broad in themselves or likely to appear together in other contexts.
    • Example: Chicago and Bulls
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Boolean Operators
    • OR
    • Use OR when a key term may appear in two different ways.
    • Example: Nejiang Normal University or NNU
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Boolean Operators
    • NEAR
    • NEAR is a term that can only be used on some search engines, and it can be very useful. It tells the search engine to find documents with both words but only when they appear near each other, usually within a few words.
    • Example: mobile home
    • Boolean Operators
    • NOT
    • NOT tells the search engine to find a reference that contains one term but not the other. This is useful when a term refers to multiple concepts.
    • Example: Ralph Waldo Emerson not college
    Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Ex a mple
    • Suppose we want to do some research about Transcendentalism and the symbolism of Nathaniel Hawthorne.
    Search Engines a nd Directories
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    • Ex a mple
    • Now, let’s do a search for a paper on the topic of feminism in Transcendentalism.
    Search Engines a nd Directories
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  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Meta-Search Engines
    • These search other search engines and often search smaller, less well known search engines and specialized sites. These search engines are good for doing large, sweeping searches of what information is out there.
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Meta-Search Engines
    • Ex a mples:
    • www.dogpile.com
    • www.mamma.com
    • www.metacrawler.com
    • www.all4one.com
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  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Web Directories
    • Web directories (also known as indexes, web indexes or catalogues) are broken down into categories and sub-categories and are good for broad searches of established sites.
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  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Web Directories
    • Ex a mples:
    • http://www.dmoz.com/
    • http://search.yahoo.com/dir
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Searching the Invisible Web
    • www.alexa.com A website that archives older websites that are no longer available on the Internet.
    • http://completeplanet.com Provides access to lists of databases which you can then search individually.
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Searching the Invisible Web
    • http://highwire.stanford.edu Brought to you by Stanford University, HighWire press provides access to one of the largest databases of free, full-text, scholarly content.
    • http://infomine.ucr.edu A research database created by librarians for use at the university level. It includes both a browsable catalogue and searching capabilities.
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  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Searching the Invisible Web
    • www.invisible-web.net A database that provides a host of links to invisible web resources in a variety of categories.
    • http://magportal.com A search engine that will allow you to search for free online magazine articles on a wide range of topics.
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Searching the Invisible Web
    • www.doaj.org Another full-text journal searchable database.
    • www.findarticles.com Indexes over 10 million articles from a variety of different publications.
  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Other useful sites for finding information
    • http://lii.org Provides librarian-reviewed websites and material on a host of different topics. While this site is not exhaustive, it will provide you quality information on a large variety of topics. Some of this material is invisible-web material.
    • www.about.com Provides practical information on a large variety of topics written by trained professionals.
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  • Search Engines a nd Directories
    • Other useful sites for finding information
    • www.wikipedia.com The largest free and open access encyclopedia on the internet.
    • www.stupidcensorship.com
    • www.refdesk.com A site that provides reviews and a search feature for free reference materials online.
  • Homew o rk Begin locating three good sources for topic (use the library or the Internet). Begin reading and taking good notes. These notes will not be turned in next week. They will be turned in during week 17.
  • Read i ng Read Chapter 5
  • Next Week : Summarizing